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CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



pamphlet or other instrument coming* 
within the provisions of Section i of this 
Act shall forfeit each and every copy of 
such work to any citizen of this State 
who shah be authorized by the chief or 
highest officer of the organization he 
represents to act for such organization ; 
and such citizen, when so authorized, 
shall have the right to enforce the pro- 
visions of this section by a writ of re- 
plevin before any Circuit Court or Jus- 
tice of the Peace of this State. 

''SEC. _/. Be it further enacted, 
That every person, firm or corporation 
who shall wilfully and knowingly vio- 
late the provisions of Section i of this 
Act shall be deemed guilty of a misde- 
meanor, and, upon conviction, shall be 
fined not less than ten dollars ($io) nor 
more than fifty dollars ($50). 

''SEC. 5. Be it further enacted, That 
nothing in this Act shall be construed to 
prevent the duly authorized officers of 
any organization from publishing or sell- 
ing its secret or ritualistic work under 
such rules and regulations as it may 
from time to time adopt. 

"SEC. 6. Be it further enacted, 
That this Act shall take effect from and 
after its passage, the public welfare re- 
quiring it. 

Passed April 15, 1907. 
E. G. ToLLETT, Speaker of the Senate. 
John T. Cunningham, Jr., Speaker of 

the House of Representatives. 
Malcolm R. Patterson, Governor." 

Approved April 15, 1907. 

First Attempt in Congress. 

In 1909 Mr. Gaines, Representative 
from Tennessee, introduced in the Na- 
tional House of Representatives H. R. 
No. 27928 which was a bill designed to 
make it unlawful to place any ritual or 
exposure of secret societies in the mail, 
by any person, firm or corporation not 
authorized to do so by the society in 
question. An offender of this statute 
was to be fined for not less than one 
thousand dollars and imprisoned for not 
less than one year. This bill was buried 
in committee. Its text is as follows : 
"6oth CONGRESS, 2d SESSION. H. 
R. 27928. 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTA- 
TIVES, FEBRUARY 8, 1909. 

"Mr. Gaines, of Tennessee, introduced 
the following bill ; which was referred to 



the Committee on the Post-Office and 
Post-Roads and ordered to be printed. 

''A BILL. To prevent the fraudulent 
use of the mail in matters concerning 
duly authorized secret orders and so- 
cieties. 

"Be it enacted by the Senate and 
House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assem- 
bled. That it shall be unlawful for any 
person, firm, or corporation to deposit 
or cause to be deposited in the mails, or 
send or cause to be sent, or print or 
cause to be printed for the purpose of 
depositing and sending, or deliver or- 
cause to be delivered by mail the ritual, 
or any part thereof, or rules, regula- 
tions, or works which are secret, of any 
fraternal order or society organized by 
law, without the authority in writing of 
such order or society being first given ; 
and any person, firm or corporation vio- 
lating the provisions of this Act shall be 
guilty of a misdemeanor, and on con- 
viction shall be punished by a fine of not 
less than one thousand dollars and im- 
prisonment for not less than one year ; 
and proceedings may be instituted by in- 
formation or indictment and trial had in 
the district in which the imlawful mat- 
ter was printed for the purpose of send- 
ing, or was mailed, or in that in which 
it was designed to be sent, or was sent 
and delivered. 

"SEC. 2. That grand juries shall have 
inquisitory power to inquire into viola- 
tions of this Act, and any person shall 
be permitted to testify thereto of his 
own volition ; and if no person offers 
himself as prosecutor in any case, juries 
shall make return of such bill of indict- 
ment in the court, if found, and the court 
shall order the name of the district at- 
torney entered thereon as prosecutor 

ex-officio." 

Ohio's Attempt. 

This seemed to be a signal for a num- 
ber of such bills to be introduced in dif- 
ferent state legislatures. The following^ 
year Mr. Elson introduced a bill in the 
House of the Ohio Legislature which 
specifically mentions twelve secret or- 
ders, but was intended to include them 
all. According to this bill, even the 
possession of a ritual by one not author- 
ized by the lodge to have it would subject 
him to a fine of from fifty to two hun- 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



dred dollars or imprisonment for a term 
not to exceed six months, or both, at the 
discretion of the court. 

To the Cynosure office belongs the 
credit in large measure for the defeat 
of the Ohio bill. Petitions against the 
measure were showered upon the legis- 
lators by our own constituents and by 
members of evangelical churches which 
have testimonies on the lodge question. 
Instead of the easy sailing which the 
sponsors of this bill had anticipated, they 
found it expedient to let it die in com- 
mittee. The Ohio bill read as follows : 
"78th GENERAL ASSEMBLY, REG- 
ULAR SESSION, 1910. H. B. No. 67. 

Mr. Elson. 

*'A BILL to provide for the punish- 
ment of persons, co-partnerships or cor- 
porations for the unauthorized using, 
uttering, publishing, selling or offering 
for sale or having in their possession the 
unwritten or secret work of any secret 
society or order. 

"BE IT ENACTED BY THE GEN- 
ERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE 
STATE OF OHIO : 
''SECTION I. Any person, co-part- 
nership or corporation who shall utter, 
print, publish, use, sell or offer for sale, 
or who shall in any way aid or abet in 
composing, writing, printing, exhibiting 
or using any publication, writing, abbre- 
viation, cipher, letters, memorandum, or 
other device, purporting to be the un- 
written or secret work, or any part 
thereof, or any purported expose of the 
secret or unwritten work or have same 
in his or their possession, of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Independent Order of 
Odd-Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, Knights of 
the Golden Eagle, Royal Arcanum, 
Knights of the Maccabees, Modern 
Woodmen of America, National LTnion, 
American Insurance Union, Labor 
Unions, and all auxiliaries thereto, and 
any and all other known organized se- 
cret societies or orders, in this state, 
unless such person, co-partnership, or 
corporation was duly authorized and em- 
powered to do the same under and by 
the laws, rules and regulations of such 
secret society or order, shall be guilty 
of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction 
thereof, shall be fined not less than fiftv 



dollars or more than two hundred dol- 
lars, or imprisoned for a term not to 
exceed six months, or both, at the dis- 
cretion of the court." 

Oregon, California and Nebraska Bills. 

In the following year three states, 
Oregon, California and Nebraska, con- 
sidered legislation of this character. 
The legislatures of Oregon and Califor- 
nia passed the bills and the Tjregon law 
was signed b}' the Governor, but Gov- 
ernor Johnson of California refu.-ed to 
sign, on the ground that such a bill was 
contrary to the Constitution of the 
State ; was too indefinite in making it a 
crime to publish what purported to be 
an exposure ; that there were some secret 
societies that ought to be exposed ; that 
the bill made no discrimination between 
good and bad orders, and, finally, tliat 
the law would be difficult, if not impos- 
sible, of execution, for in order to prove 
that the law had been violated it would 
have to be shown that the document in 
question was a real exposure of the se- 
crets of the lodge and that in itself 
would be defeating the very purpose of 
the bill. Governor Johnson's father, a 
prominent Odd-Fellow, was chiefly re- 
sponsible for the California bill. 

The Oregon law reads as follows : 

"HOUSE BILL No. 6. 

'*A bill for an act prohibiting the 
writing, printing, or circulating of the 
secret work of fraternal orders, without 
express authority of such orders, and 
providing a punishment therefor: 

''Be it enacted by the Legislative 
Assembly of the State of Oregon : 

"SECTION I. That it shall be un- 
lawful for any person, firm, or corpora- 
tion, either directl}' or indirectly, to 
write, print, indite or circulate or pro- 
cure to be written, printed, indited, or 
circulated, in any language, an}- signs, 
plates, rituals, or secret work, or any 
part thereof, of any fraternal order or 
fraternal society, without the exj^resscd 
authority of such fraternal order or fra- 
ternal society. 

"SECTION 2. Any person, firm, or 
corporation violating an)- of ilie provi- 
sions of this act shall be deemed guilty 
of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction 
thereof shall be j)unished by a fine of not 
less than $50, nor more than S500." 

That the Ore^'on law is nnci^n^lilu- 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



tional is clearly shown by Article i, Bill 
of Rights, Section 8, which says : "No 
law shall be passed restraining the free 
expression of opinion or restricting the 
right to speak, write or print freely on 
any subject whatever, but every person 
shall be responsible for the abuse of this 
right." 

The Nebraska legislators were peti- 
tioned in very much the same manner as 
the Ohio legislators had been in the 
previous year, and the bill met a similar 
fate as the Ohio bill. It was as follows : 

"Legislature of Nebraska, Thirty- 
second Session. HOUSE ROLL No. 
676. 

"A BILL for an Act making it un- 
lawful to publish or offer for sale in 
Nebraska any books, pamphlets or cir- 
culars claiming to be an exposure of the 
secret work of any fraternal order 
unless the same be done under the su- 
pervision and authority of the Grand 
Bodies of such orders. 

'Tntroduced by Representative Clark 
of Cherry. Introduced and read first 
time March i, 191 1. Read second time 
March 3, 191 1, and referred to the Com- 
mittee on Miscellaneous Subjects. Sent 
to printer March 3, 191 1. 

''Be It Enacted by the Legislature of 
the State of Nebraska: 

"Section i. That it shall hereafter be 
unlawful for any person to publish, sell 
or offer for sale in this state any book, 
pamphlet or circular claiming or pre- 
tending to be an exposure of the secret 
work of any fraternal society, except 
under the supervision and authority of 
the Grand Body of such fraternal 
society. 

"Sec. 2. Any person violating the 
provisions of this Act shall be deemed 
guilty of a misdemeanor and upon con- 
viction be fined in any sum not exceed- 
ing one hundred dollars or imprisoned 
in the county jail not more than three 
months, in the discretion of the court." 
Ineffective Legislation. 

We have never known of any case 
where the authorities of any states 
which have passed such bills as we have 
quoted have arrested or tried in the 
courts any person for violation of these 
laws. Neither do we believe that they 
intend to, but rather that these laws 
were passed for the purpose of intimi- 



dating the public and so prevent them 
from securing information about the 
lodge from the outside. 

During the last few years this sort of 
legislation has not been pushed by the 
Masons, possibly because the lodge 
knows there is no real value in it or be- 
cause other legislatures did not seem 
favorable. No case, however, has come 
to our knowledge in which this sort of 
legislation has in any way hindered the 
sale or circulation of lodge secrets. 
Catholics Become Active. 

When the Masons and Odd-Fellows 
ceased their special activities to intro- 
duce legislation to prevent the exposure 
of their secrets, the work seems to have 
been taken up by the Catholics, under 
the leadership of the Knights of Colum- 
bus. A bill was introduced in the legis- 
lature of Colorado in 1913 making unlaw- 
ful "the writing, printing, publication, cir- 
lation or distribution of any false state- 
ment, matter or thing purporting to be the 
ritual, ceremonial or ceremonies, or part 
thereof, of any church, religious society, 
organization or corporation, or of any 
fraternal, beneficial or secret society, or- 
ganization or corporation, and making 
certain testimony in respect thereto com- 
petent ; and making violation thereof a 
felony, and providing penalty therefor." 
This bill was drawn by Brother John H. 
Redden, Supreme Master of the 4th De- 
gree, Knights of Columbus. A similar 
bill was introduced in the Missouri leg- 
islature. The Cohifubiad, the official or- 
gan of the Knights of Columbus, in com- 
menting upon these bills said, "Both are 
important steps in the movement to sup- 
press the reckless bigots who are wan- 
tonly slandering the Catholic church and 
Catholic societies, and should therefore 
receive the unqualified support of all 
Catholics in the states mentioned. Sim- 
ilar bills should be promptly introduced 
in other states and should be earnestly 
advocated until their passage. Legisla- 
tion of this kind is bound to be effective 
in silencing the filthy tongues of those 
whose intense hatred of everything Cath- 
olic has placed them far beyond the in- 
fluence of truth and reason." It is un- 
doubtedly true that such bills would se- 
cure the support of a good number of 
secret society members of the legisla- 
tures, who are outside of the Catholic 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



church, for the law would do the 
same things for their secret societies that 
it would for the Knights of Columbus 
and other Catholic orders. Such laws 
are contrary to the constitutions of botl? 
Colorado and Missouri, for both states 
have provisions that no law shall be 
passed impairing the freedom of speech 
and that every person shall be free to 
speak, write or publish whatever they 
may choose, being, however, responsible 
for what they say. 

Catholic Activity in Washington. 

In another article in this magazine we 
have the statement from the Jesuit or- 
gan America that the Knights of Colum- 
bus were organized principally to oppose 
the Masons, and it is of special inter- 
est to note that Representative Fitzger- 
ald of New York, who is a member of 
the Knights of Columbus, introduced in 
the House of Representatives on the 31st 
day of December, 1914, an amendment 
to the Post Office appropriation bill, 
House Resolution No. 19906, the object 
of which was to place in the hands of the 
Postmaster General absolute authority 
to exclude from the mails, any paper or 
magazine which in his judgment was im- 
moral, scurrilous or libelous in charac- 
ter. This amendment failed as it de- 
served to. There are sufficient laws now 
written which enable the Postmaster 
General to exclude from the mails im- 
moral or scurrilous literature and any 
one injured by libel can secure redress 
through the courts. To place such au- 
thority as proposed here in the hands of 
the Postmaster General would enable 
him to exclude from the mails any paper 
or magazine attacking the Catholic re- 
ligion, if in his judgment he should 
choose to interpret such attack as libel- 
ous. 

The fate of every reform paper in the 
land would depend on the will of one 
man. Should the Postmaster General 
happen to be a Mason, there is little 
doubt but that he would exercise his 
power to suppress the Cynosure and the 
church papers that bear testimony on 
this subject. 

The full text of the proposed amend- 
ment is as follows : "Whenever it shall 
be established to the satisfaction of the 
Postmaster General that any person is 



engaged or represents himself as en- 
gaged in the business of publishing any 
obscene or immoral books, pamphlets, 
pictures, prints, engravings, lithographs, 
photographs, or other publications, mat- 
ter, or thing of an indecent, immoral, 
scurrilous, or libelous character, and it 
such person shall, in the opinion of the 
Postmaster General, endeavor to use the 
post-office for the promotion of such 
business, it is hereby declared that no 
letter, packet, parcel, newspaper, book, or 
other thing sent or sought to 1)e sent 
through the post-office by or on behalf 
of or to or on behalf of such person shall 
be deemed mailable matter, and the post- 
master general shall make the necessary 
rules and regulations to exclude such 
non-mailable matter from the mails." 

The climax of Catholic legislation was 
reached when Mr. Gallivan, Representa- 
tive from Massachusetts, introduced H. 
R. 20780, an amendment to the postal 
laws, which reads as follows : 

"Be it enacted by the Senate and the 
House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Con caress as- 
sembled, That whenever it shall be estab- 
lished to the satisfaction of the Post- 
master General that any person is en- 
gaged in the business of publishing any 
scandalous, scurrilous, indecent, or im- 
moral books, pamphlets, pictures, prints, 
engravings, lithographs, photographs, or 
other publications which are, or are rep- 
resented to be, a reflection on any form 
of religious worship practiced or held 
sacred by any citizens of the United 
States, it is hereby declared that the 
Postmaster General shall make the nec- 
essary rules and regulations to exclude 
such matter from the mails." 

Mr. Gallivan's drastic bill, as has_ else- 
where been pointed out, would effectu- 
ally muzzle the freedom of the press for 
not even a ''reflection on any form of 
religious worship, practiced or held 
sacred by any citizen of the United 
States'' would be tolerated, and with a 
Catholic Postmaster General in ofhce the 
control of the Protestant press would he 
complete. While we believe that no fair- 
minded Catholic can approve of such 
legislation, at the same time it is along 
the same lines as has so often been pro- 
posed by the Masons to prevent informa- 
tion and criticism against their order. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



CONSTITUTIONAL PRIVILEGES 
AND IMMUNITIES. 

Scandalous attempts to nullify Ameri- 
can freedom of the press have within 
the last few years disgraced the secret 
factions of more than one state of the 
Union. Such efforts are naturally cred- 
ited chiefly to Freemasonry, yet similar 
orders have doubtless co-operated. It 
has not escaped our notice that nearly 
ever}- legislative bill proposed for this 
evil purpose, and brought to our atten- 
tion, has equally with other societies, fa- 
vored the Jesuit order and others under 
its guidance or control. 

The Federation of Catholic Societies 
has now followed its Masonic pioneers 
by boldly carrying the fight against free- 
dom of the press into the national Con- 
gress. This is therefore a suitable time 
to present in a form available to our pa- 
triotic readers, certain features of the 
national Constitution which secret socie- 
ties are seeking by various methods to 
render ineffectual for the protection of 
the American press in its utterances and 
circulation, and of American citizens in 
the secure occupation of their posses- 
sions and their homes. 

Section 2 of Article IV of the Consti- 
tution of the United States begins with 
this sentence, which forms its first and 
more comprehensive paragraph : "The 
citizens of each State shall be entitled to 
all privileges and immunities of citizens 
in the several States.'' 

The First Amendment specifies cer- 
tain of the immunities, and provides that 
"Congress shall make no law * "^ ^ 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of 
the press." 

The Fourth Amendment says : "The 
right of the people to be secure in their 
persons, houses, papers and effects, 
against unreasonable searches and 
seizures, shall not be violated ; and no 
v/arrant shall issue but upon probable 
cause, supported by oath or affirmation, 



and particularly describing the place to 
be searched, and the persons or things to 
be seized." 

The Fifth Amendment includes the 
provision that "No person shall be" 
* * * "deprived of * * ''' property, 
without due process of law." 

The Fourteenth Amendment, Section 
I, confirms to all citizens of all the states 
such constitutional rights, by saying: 
"All persons born or naturalized in the 
United States, and subject to the juris- 
diction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein 
they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the 
privileges or immunities of citizens of 
the United States ; nor shall any State 
deprive any person of life, liberty or 
property without due process of law, nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdic- 
tion the equal protection of the laws." 

As we understand the matter, secret 
societies have desired these immunities 
abridged in some instances by state en- 
actments, and in at least one very recent 
instance by act of Congress. We cannot 
too urgently counsel patriotic readers to 
keep the constitutional law clearly in 
mind. They will thus remain better 
qualified to judge erratic propositions 
which are coming into view. They will 
also the more definitely and intelligently 
perceive that such manifestations of op- 
posing principles provide proof that se- 
cret orders tend toward disloyalty, and 
are unfavorable to certain fundamental 
principles of American equality and 
freedom. 



MASONRY AND CATHOLICISM. 

Just why the Masons and Knights of 
Columbus occasionally throw bouquets 
at each other is hard for an observer to 
understand. There is a natural enmity 
between them for they are both seeking 
absolute power. First came the ap- 
proval of the Knights of Columbus rit- 
ual over the signatures of two Past 
Grand Masters and two Past Masters, 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



in California. The Catholic press was 
elated at this bomb in the enemies' camp 
and the Masonic journals showed their 
deep chagrin that Masons even with such 
manifestly Irish names as Flint and 
Burke, should for any consideration, 
lend themselves to the use of the Knights 
of Columbus. 

It is now reported that a speaker at a 
meeting of the Santa Maria Council of 
the Knights of Columbus, at Wilming- 
ton, Delaware, lately, said : 

"No one who has considered it can 
doubt the usefulness of fraternal organ- 
izations when they are based on good 
principles and possess a membership of 
upright and worthy gentlemen. Such 
an organization not only promotes the 
welfare of every member of it, but it 
helps to improve and lift up the whole 
community. We all recognize that in this 
•country the Masonic craft has promoted 
upright living in the community and has 
benefited personally the men who belong 
to it. Similar good things may be said 
of other fraternal organizations, such as 
the Order of Odd-Fellows, the Knights 
of Pythias and the Improved Order of 
Red Men." 

The Catholic press are worried over 
this indication of friendly feeling for 
their ancient enemy, the Freemasons. 
And that this expression should come 
from a Knight of Columbus speaker is 
the hardest blow of all since as we are 
told the Knights of Columbus were or- 
ganized specifically to be the agency of 
the church in its fight against the Ma- 
sons. 

The editor of the New York Jesuit 
review Auierica comments thus upon the 
Wilmington speech : 

*'We do not 'all recognize that the 
Masonic Craft,' nor its Odd-Fellow and 
Pythian cousinship, 'has promoted up- 
right living in the community,' however 
much it 'has benefited personally the men 
who belong to it,' which is quite a differ- 
ent thing. The moral system of Ma- 
sonry, as explained by Albert Pike, the 
supreme authority, is largely in char- 
acter and wholly in motive, the antithesis 
of Christian morality. Nor does experi- 
ence show that Masonry as such has up- 
lifted any man's morality. ''' * * Vo\)(t 
Leo XIII specifically condemned not 



only Freemasonry, but two of the other 
societies lauded by the spokesman at 
Wilmington. Pope Piux X made the 
'Battle against Freemasonry' the prayer- 
ful purpose of every Catholic. '•' '-^ =■' The 
Knights of Columbus were instituted 
mainly to carry out these ])urposes, and 
they are doing it well. The speech at 
Wilmington was contradictory both of 
their principles and of the solemn decla- 
rations of the Church they guarantee to 
support and defend. The speaker's fur- 
ther declaration that the recent attacks 
on the Knights of Columbus are as false 
as the charges brought against Masonry 
in the anti-Masonic agitation was equal- 
ly unjust to his Order. The oaths and 
charges of Masonry as published by 
John Quincy Adams and others were 
not, and cannot be, repudiated. To put 
the bogus Knights of Columbus oath on 
the same level with them is to authenti- 
cate that document. 

"There have been other recent at- 
tempts to conciliate Masonry. They are 
all equally futile ; even when not made 
at the expense of truth. As the Ameri- 
can Freemason frankly admits, there is 
an essential antagonism between Free- 
masonry and the Catholic church. The 
organs of Masonry teem with this an- 
tagonism, and their enmity is growing 
precisely as our numbers grow. '■' '^' '^' 
Catholics should show charity to indi- 
vidual Masons, whether friendly or hos- 
tile, as to all other men ; but the\- can 
have no more sympathy with ]\Iasonrv 
itself than with anv other false svstem." 



SHOT WHILE BEING INITIATED. 

Police headquarters was notilied last 
night a man was shot while he was being 
initiated into a lodge over a drug store 
near Asylum avenue and Clinton. Pa- 
trolmen Harvey Swaggerty and Will 
Lillison made an investigation and 
learned that the shooting was accidental. 
It is said the paper wad from a blank 
charge entered the man's hip from \^c- 
hind. The injured man was given at- 
tention by two physicians. His injuries 
are said to be not serious. 

The members of the lodge and the at- 
tending physicians declined to tell any- 
thing of the affair. — Kuoxvillc, Tom., 
Joiinial (Feb. 22,, 1915). 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 191S 



WHITE SHRINE OF JERUSALEM. 
Malva Chapter in Omaha. 

One of the new organizations of Oma- 
ha is the Order of the White Shrine ot 
Jerusalem. On Friday evening at Ma- 
sonic Temple the Malva Chapter of the 
White Shrine was organized with a 
membership of eighty-four. One of the 
requisites of this society is that all of 
the shrine must be members in good 
standing of the Order of the Eastern 
Star, the White Shrine being to the East- 
ern Star what the York or Scottish Rite 
is to ^Masonry. 

It is an independent order, yet loyal 
to every masonic body. It was organ- 
ized in 1894 and its largest membership 
is in Illinois, Ohio and Michigan. It 
now has subordinate shrines in fifteen 
states and also shrines in Canada. 

J. Edward Allington Day, supreme 
watchman of the shepherds of the 
White Shrine, was present and instituted 
the new shrine. He was assisted by Mrs. 
William E. Reed of Madison, who acted 
as supreme chaplain, and Mrs. H. A. 
Xanders of Columbus, who acted as su- 
preme herald. 

Mrs. Lolo Vincent was elected worthy 
high priestess, Herbert Stickler watch- 
man of the shepherds, and Mrs. Myrtle 
^liller noble prophetess. These three 
highest officers have a long list of as- 
sistants who will exemplify the work. 
Some of these are elective and a number 
are appointive. Of these some are offi- 
cers in the grand chapter of the Order 
of the Eastern Star, and others are mem- 
bers and officers of the various chapters 
here. 

Edward Allington Day, the supreme 
watchman of the shepherds, is a Mason 
of high degree as well as a mem.ber of 
the Order of the Eastern Star. He was 
Potentate of Tibal Temple A. A. E. N. 
M. S. at Rockford, 111., in 1914, where 
a shrine temple, costing $80,000, was 
erected under his leadership. He was 
master of his Blue lodge in Excelsior 
No. 97, prelate of his commandery, mem- 
ber of Freeport Consistory S. P. R. S., 
holding next to the highest office in the 
Lodge of Perfection of said body this 
year. — Omaha (Neb.) Daily, Feb. 4, 

1915- 



JESUITS ELECT "BLACK POPE." 

Rome, Feb. 11. — Father Wladimir Le- 
dochowski was today elected general of 
the Society of Jesus in succession to 
Father Francis Xavier Wernz. He is a 
Russian Pole. 

The election of Father Ledochowski 
was the cause of much comment. Al- 
though the conclave for the election of 
the ''black pope" was surrounded by the 
greatest secrecy, it is known that stren- 
uous efforts were made to again transfer 
the supreme command of the powerful 
Society of Jesus into Latin hands. 

The Spanish Father Martin was gen- 
eral of the Society of Jesus for many 
years under Pope Leo XIII, and Pope 
Pius X. When he was succeeded by 
Father Wernz this was considered a 
great triumph for the German element. 
At the time of Father Wernz's election it 
was said Emperor William sent him his 
congratulations. 

Elected for Life. 

The generals of the Society of Jesus, 
the formal name of the organization of 
the Jesuits, are selected for life by the 
general congregation of this order, which 
is one of monastic origin. The general. 
of the society is known as the ''black 
pope." 

Father Ledochowski was formerly as- 
sistant general for Germany. He is a 
nephew of the late Cardinal Eedochow- 
ski, prefect of the propaganda. 
His Father a Count. 

New York, Feb. 11. — Church authori- 
ties here furnished tonight information 
regarding Father Ledochowski. 

Father Ledochowski was born on Oc- 
tober 7th, 1866, a son of Count Anthony 
Ledochowski, a cavalry officer in the Aus- 
trian army. The family came from Rus- 
sian Poland. 

The boy was a page in the court of the 
late Empress Elizabeth of Austria. He 
entered the novitiate of the Society of 
Jesus at Flarabies, Galicia, on September 
24th, 1889, and was ordained to the 
priesthood in June, 1894. 

In 1898 Father Ledochowski became 
superior of the Grodzka. On February 
2 1st, 1902, he was appointed provincial 
for Poland. — Chicago Evening Post. 



Faith has a longer arm than reason. 



Love always grows richer by giving 
itself away. 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



THE CHURCH AND LODGE. 

(Continued from March number.) 

REV. O.' M. NORLIE. 

Lodge Insurance Is Costly. 

Most of the lodges have started with 
the purpose or pretense of giving life 
insurance at cost, giving it much cheaper 
than the old line companies that have 
to pay so much for expensive manage- 
ment and to lay aside so much for re- 
serve funds. A comparison between the 
expenses for handling each dollar in the 
old line insurance companies and in the 
assessment companies, which include the 
assessment lodg'es, may be had on the 
basis of figures in the "World Almanac " 
The expenses for handling each dollar in 
the old line company in 1907 was 33 
cents, in 1908, 29 cents, in 1909, 28 cents, 
and the corresponding expenses in as- 
sessment companies and lodges were 16 
cents for each of these years. We esti- 
mate that the business expenses in the 
secret order is about the same as in the 
open assessment company. In proof of 
this let us cite three authorities : The 
Wisconsin Insurance Investigation Com- 
mittee of 1906 reported that the Modern 
Woodmen's expenses in Wisconsin were 
14 per cent of the death claim, and that 
the expenses of 67 Fraternities were 15 
per cent of the death claims. The Cen- 
sus Report for i8qo (''Life Insurance 
Business," TI, 377) shows that the av- 
erage cost of running 176 lodges was 25 
cents on the dollar in the year 1889. This 
is the summary of all the lodegs that re- 
ported for that year. The ''Minnesota 
Insurance Report" for 191 1 (II, 649) 
shows that the cost of running the "Sons 
of Norway" was 41 cents on the dollar. 
Of course, some lodges may perhaps be 
run cheaper than 41 cents or 25 cents 
outlay for every dollar received, but 
some again are much more expensive. 
Take the Independent Order of Odd- 
Fellows for example, an order that is 
classified, not as an insurance, but as a 
benevolent society. In 1893 it received 
$8,511,004; paid in relief $3,312,970, or 
39 cents on the dollar (Stevens' "Cvclo- 
pedia"). In 1901 it received $10,826.- 
^"j^.^^, paid out in relief $3,939,785.68. 
or 36 cents on the dollar (Cynosure. 
1902). In 1905 it received $13,583,919. 
paid out in relief $4,618,837, or 34 cents 
on the dollar. In 1893 this lodge kept 



61 cents on the dollar, in 1901, 64 cents, 
and in 1905, 66 cents. It is pretty costly 
to let somebody keep your money for 
an uncertain length of time and then 
when you are hard up to get back less 
than 40 cents on the dollar and besides 
have this called "inoffensive charity." 
Even 16 cents seems too much of a price 
to pay for letting somebody else use your 
money for you till you get sick or die. 
When you put your money in the bank, 
you get it back perhaps upon demand, 
with a few per cent in addition. When 
you borrow money you have to pay back 
as much as you borrowed and from 6 
to 12 per cent interest besides, with notes 
and mortgages as security meanwhile. 
But when you insure you do not get as 
much as you put in unless you should be 
so fortunate as to die before your al- 
lotted time or get sick or disabled at the 
time when you have your dues paid up. 
Now, in saying that the average cosi 
of lodge insurance is only 16 cents on 
the dollar and hence quite a good deal 
cheaper than the average cost in the 
level premium insurance company, le: 
us bear in mind that not all of the ex- 
penses connected with the lodge are con- 
sidered in taking this average. The 
lodgeman has many expenses outside of 
the regular dues, which the ordinarv pol- 
icyholder does not have. He has to pay 
for initiations into the various degrees 
of this order, provide himself with but- 
tons and uniforms and other regalia, bu\ 
lodge papers and books, pay rents for 
lodge rooms, take part in social life and 
entertainments. All of these tiling*^ 
make quite a showing and surely must 
bring the average cost of lodge insur 
ance up to the level of the average old 
line. 

Lodge Insurance is Unsafe. 

Besides being costly lodge insurance 
is unsafe. It is luisafe. because it is too 
cheap! Says the "Report of the Wis- 
consin Insurance Investigation Commis- 
sion of 1906" (232) : It is "temporary 
insurance at insufficient rates." Those 
who get insured must pay more for their 
insurance, so that a reserve fund can bo 
created and the increasing death rate as 
the society grows older can be met. Tliir 
is held to be correct in principle bv the 
writers of insurance text books. Legis- 
latures and insurance commissioners are 



10 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



trying- to enact and execute laws in this 
direction. The lodges themselves are 
discussing- the question as though it were 
their only salvation. In 1886 the Na- 
tional Fraternal Congress was organized 
at the call of the oldest of the insiu'ance 
lodges, the Ancient Order of United 
\A*orkmen. At this call sixteen lodges, 
including the largest ones of that day, 
with a total membership of 535,000 sent 
representatives. In 1896 the congress 
had representatives from 43 orders, with 
a total membership of 1,587,859, or about 
75 per cent of the insurance lodge mem- 
bership. The chief cause for calling this 
Cong-ress and the chief question which 
it has been dealino- with, is the necessitv 
of increasing the rates of assessments, 
basing- them on some recognized mortal- 
ity tables so as to provide an emergency 
fund with which to meet an increased 
death rate, which appears as the orders 
grow older. As the lodges have been 
growing older and deaths have occurred 
more frequently, the numbers of assess- 
ments have had to be increased. Thus, 
in spite of its phenomenal growth from 
259,584 members in 1897 to 129,805 in 
191 1 (334 per cent in 14 years), the 
]\Iodern Woodmen have had to increase 
the number of their assessments. They 
had to increase their rates 47 per cent 
or meet bankruptcy like so many other 
societies of its kind. The Cynosure, 
July, 1902, reports that in 15 years over 
1.300 assessment companies went to the 
wall. In speaking about this the great 
lodge authority, Stevens' "Cyclopedia of 
Fraternities," says in part: ''The whole 
experiment of life insurance 'at cost' as 
tried by the fraternal orders for the past 
forty years has resulted in a good many 
failures and in wholesale readjustments 
of rates. Those rates and methods of 
computation shown in the accompanvinj^' 
tabular charts are curiosities in their 
ways at the present time as indicating for 
the greater part what to avoid. Some of 
the societies of this class that have fallen 
by the wayside since the 'C3^clopedia' was 
compiled (within 10 years) are: The 
American Legion of Honor, Chosen 
Friends. United Friends, Royal Tem- 
plars, Equitable Aid Union, Empire 
Order of Mutual Aid, the Order 
of the Golden Chain, and some others, 
the obsequies of one or more being 



in progress of arrangement as this 
edition of the 'Cyclopedia' (the second) 
goes to press. The special work of the 
Fraternals today is to find, so far as pos- 
sible, what is the true basis of assess- 
ment, whether dependent on the National 
Fraternal Congress or the American Ex- 
perience tables of rates, and to bring 
themselves to the point of adopting the 
same or one which may be acceptable. 
With many of these organizations, such 
as have not already gone through the 
process of adjustment, this is a matter of 
life or death. Most of the larger and 
more successful have been through this,, 
and with some of them it is now a prob- 
lem whether they have reached the ulti- 
mate, the successful plan of meeting ob- 
ligations, or whether they have got it 
all to go through again. This refers in 
part, of course, to the five more impor- 
tant fraternal orders, including the 
original one, the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, which, with the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, the Knights 
of the Maccabees, the Royal Arcanum 
and the Independent Order of Foresters, 
have had to radically revise rates of as- 
sessments. As to minor associations in 
this class, some have taken a similar med- 
icine and some have not, and the outlook 
for those which do not adopt higher rates 
is, that necessity will ultimately lead them, 
in that direction with uncertain hand. 
Taken as a whole, comparatively few of 
the orders collect adequate assessments,, 
if one may judge from the saying of 
those competent to speak." The lodges, 
then, admit both in word and deed that 
they are unsafe. 

And yet they are vying with the old 
line companies in giving much for little, 
something for nothing. Both kinds ad- 
vertise very loudly that certain policy- 
holders of their heirs have received once 
or twice or three times as much as they 
put in. Here is the Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company of New York, an old line 
company. Listen to their appeal in their 
organ "Mutual Interests" : In Oct., 1908, 
on 401 deaths they paid a claim of $1,- 
582,979.63, a return over the cost of 
$839,629.25. In Feb., 1Q09, on 435 
deaths they paid a claim of $1,529,588.77. 
a return over cost of $759,167.68. In 
May, IQ09, on 562 deaths they paid a 
claim of $1,932,922.60, a return of $963,- 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



11 



789.17. On a total of 1,398 deaths they 
paid a clami of $5,045,491, or a return 
over cost of $2,562,586.10. For every 
dollar they took in this ''safe" old busi- 
ness house paid out $2.03. This is in- 
deed well done. lUit the lodge can go 
this one better. Let us take the testi- 
mony of the Knights of Maccabees in 
their organ ''The Bee Hive": In Feb., 
1909, on 184 deaths they paid out v$259,- 
102, or $232,230.07 more than was re- 
ceived from these policyholders. For 
every dollar received they paid out $9.06. 
No company in the world, open or secret, 
can keep on always paying out more than 
it receives. The Woodmen have tried it 
iDy adding 5 to 10 men for every one who 
is getting to be an old man, but had to 
own up at their Chicago convention that 
they must raise the rates anyway. The 
Woodmen had then a deficit of $280,- 
000,000 staring them in the face. Enough 
said. Does it not seem unsafe, unsound 
business principles to give more than you 
receive, to promise more than you can 
hope to pay? 

Lodge Insurance Is Unfair. 

Besides being costly and unsafe, lodge 
insurance is unfair. It discriminates. It 
is only for those who are not in need of 
help and can satisfactorily prove this. It 
is not for the sick. It is not for the poor. 
It is not for the young or the old. If 
you are in a certain occupation that is 
risky, or live in a certain section of the 
country that is unhealthy, or have a cer- 
tain creed, or are of a certain race or 
sex, you cannot enter certain lodges. 
Every lodge discriminates in some way, 
especially against the sick and poor, 
those who most need charity, and in 
favor of the well and the able-to-pay, 
those who do not need charity. The 
members of the lodge are a select body 
of men who do not need charity. They 
are the objects of the lodge's charity as 
long as they can pay their dues and are 
otherwise in good standing. If they are 
unable to pay and are in need of charity, 
except where sick benefits are provided 
or real charitv is shown, they stand a 
good show of being turned down and 
out. All this is unfair as Jong as it is 
called charity and not business. This is 
the lodge svstem. We are glad to say 
that many lodgemen are more charitable 
and more fair than their svstem. 



Church Charity Is Not Insurance. 

Church charity consists of free will 
ofi^erings to relieve the various kinds of 
want and misery in all the walks of life 
without respect of persons or places, age 
or sex, occupation or creed, or any other 
condition. Lodge charity is pretended — 
it is insurance; Church charity is real — 
it is almsgiving. Church cliarity is not 
what it should be or could Ijc, but it is 
better and more abundant than it is said 
to be ; lodge charity cannot be what it 
should be, and is worse and less abunrl- 
ant than it is thought to be. 
Church and Lodge Charity Compared as 
to Amount. 

It is a hard matter to state the exact 
or even the approximate sums of money 
that should or could come under charity. 
We shall not attempt to collect from the 
many sources any complete and late fig- 
ures. There is a good deal of charity 
work that is never recorded, so that re- 
turns would not be complete anyway. 
Illustration from the Lodge. 

The Census Report of 1890 ("Report 
on Insurance Business," II. ;^'//) gives 
the financial statements of 176 secret so- 
cieties. Their payments for benefits were 
as follows in 1889 : 

Insurance for death $18,296,455.00 

Funeral relief 764.128.00 

Sick relief 4.516.250.00 

Other relief 719.319.00 

Total benefits $24,296,152.00 

The expense for handling this money 
was $8,078,096, or over 30 per cent of 
the total benefits. The benefits and the 
expenses amount to $32,374,248. The 
income from dues, assessments and other 
sources were $34,805,975. or $13.00 per 
member. Later and more complete fiiJi:- 
ures are, of course, mucli larger — for 
191 T being about five times as large 
("World Almanac." 1012. "Annual Sta- 
tistics Fraternal Societies." "Fraternal 
]\Ionitor"). But should these vast sums 
be called charity? In answer to this we 
refer again to the fact that this whole 
account is an insurance accoimt. hence. 
not a charitable account. We have no 
record of Iodide men's private charities, 
which ma\' be considerable. 

Illustrations from the Church. 
We have never yet seen a local con- 
gregation that did not have charit^- on 
its program of work. Every synod we 



12 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



know of has one or more institutions or 
funds for charity. Thus, the six Nor- 
wegian Lutheran synods reported the 
foUowing synodical expenditure for 1907 
(Xorhe's "Home Missions," 135): 

For orphans and aged $ 65,749.44 

For sick 29,206.50 

For poor 13,312.77 

Total $108,627.67 

In addition to this these synods re- 
ported at the same time a still larger ex- 
penditure for Christian schools and mis- 
sions, both of which properly belong un- 
der charity. The figures are as follows, 
averaging over $5.00 per voting mem- 
ber: 

For charity $108,627.61 

For school's 184,753.83 

For missions 228,647.62 

Total $522,029.06 

Strong's "Social Progress" (1906) re- 
ports that 14 reformed denominations 
expended nearly $6,000,000 for home 
missions in 1904. Speaking of home 
missions J. B. Clark says (Strong's "So- 
cial Progress," 1904) : "Not a dollar of 
this immense sum ($290,000,000) has 
been paid in any commercial sense, for 
value received ; all of it has been given, 
a free will offering of Christian people, 
to mark their intense conviction of the 
peril of a nation without a Gospel, and 
their faith in its leavening Gospel." 

The Catholic church, as well as the 
Lutheran and the Reformed, is active in 
works of charity. For example, one of 
the Catholic charitable societies. The So- 
ciety of St. Vincent de Paul, "had, in 
1903, in the United States 7,413 mem- 
bers, who distributed to 18,330 families 
relief aggregating to $214,597, which re- 
quired 145,326 visits to the poor in their 
homes. This work was accomplished 
without one cent of expense" (Strong's 
"Social Progress," 1906, 258). 

The civil government is relieving the 
church of much of its charity work, es- 
pecially that of the poor and the defec- 
tive. We find county poor houses and 
poor farms, citv boards of charities, state 
asylums for idiots and insane, schools 
for deaf and blind, etc. Robert Hunter 
estimates that 10,000,000 people in the 
United States are in poverty. Eight 
states (Massachusetts, Connecticut, New 



York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, 
Wisconsin, California) spent on regis- 
tered charity $75,672,707 on 1,000,730 
people, of which 609,895 were a public 
burden. In 1902 Massachusetts reported 
111,779 dependents, delinquents and de- 
fectives dependent on the public treas- 
ury, and 302,951 on private charity. 
$5,094,651.86 were expended by that 
state for charity; $6,611,314.17 by pri- 
vate charitable societies (including 
churches). The public institutions to 
house these people cost $30,000,000, the 
private cost $22,392,937.95 (Henderson's 
"Modern Methods of Charity"). 

Of those who give freely to charity 
the church people are most willing to 
give and give most. Besides this, their 
teaching and example influence others 
to give. "At the present time it is still 
the church that is the most powerful 
agent in inducing people to give," says 
A. G. Warner in his "American Chari- 
ties" (316). 

(To be continued.) 



LODGES HITCH ON TO REVIVAL 
CHARIOT. 

Fraternal Greetings Exchanged. 

Something of a very unusual character 
took place at the Methodist Church last 
Sunday when Dr. Robinson read a com- 
munication from the local Lodge of Odd- 
Fellows complimenting the pastor and 
church on the remarkable revival now in 
progress. These resolutions were read 
morning, afternoon and evening and 
elicited general favorable commendation, 
so much so that at the evening service 
the Rev. J. Ward Clark made a motion, 
which was unanimously carried, that fra- 
ternal greetings be returned to the Odd- 
Fellows for their gracious expression of 
good will. The pastor appointed Rev. 
J. Ward Clark, Mr. Harvey C. Snyder 
and Mr. John J. Habecker a committee 
to formulate such suitable greetings. 

The following is the text of the resolu- 
tions sent by the Odd-Fellows : 
A Resolution. 

Whereas, Pitman Lodge, No. 136, of 
the Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, 
in session assembled, on Friday evening, 
the I2th inst., did silently and reverently 
listen to the tolling of the bell of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in joyful an- 
nouncement of the conversion of one 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYXOSURE. 



13 



hundred souls during the revival services 
now in progress in said church, and, 

Whereas, This fraternal and beneficial 
Order is founded entirely on religious 
principles and is, therefore, an auxiliary 
to all religious institutions and, conse- 
quently, deeply interested in their work. 
Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of 
Pitman Lodge, I. O. O. F., here assem- 
bled, do hereby extend to the worthy 
pastor and the official board of the Pit- 
man M. E. Church our deepest feelings 
of commendation and congratulation and 
pray that the efforts of both pastor and 
church may be blessed with still greater 
success in the work now in progress. 

Passed unanimously by rising vote. 
O. Glen Stackhouse, Jr., 

Noble Grand, 

Attest : H. S. Beckett, Secretary. 

Congratulations from the P. O. S. of A. 

We, the brothers assembled in Wash- 
ington Camp, No. 115, P. O. S. of A., on 
Feb. 16, 191 5, by unanimous vote, ten- 
der the minister and members of the 
M. E. Church our deep congratulations 
on the great revival being held in their 
church. May God add greater blessings 
to their work. Signed: R. M. Fisher, 
Wm. H. Batch ler, Wm. B. Myers, 
Committee. — Pitman Grove (N. J.) Re- 
view, Feb. 18, 191 5. 

These are really interesting documents. 

If the Odd-Fellows would have us be- 
lieve that they truly are "deeply inter- 
ested" in the revival campaign, then 
why were they "in session assembled" 
listening to the tolling of the bell in- 
stead of assisting at the service at least 
with their presence? Perhaps the solu- 
tion is hinted at in that part of the reso- 
lution which says, "This fraternal and 
beneficial Order is founded entirely on 
religious principles and is, therefore, an 
auxiliary of all religious institutions," 
etc. How plain it is now! Of course 
they could not be expected to take active 
part in Christian revival services, as that 
would be "sectarian" partiality. Their 
resolutions would be equally appropriate 
for a revival of Mohammedanism, Mor- 
monism, Buddhism, or any other "relig- 
ious institution." 

We do not know the standing of Dr. 
Robinson, the pastor of the church, but 



Rev. J. Ward Clark and Harvey C. Sny- 
der, of the committee appointed to form- 
ulate greetings to the lodges, are Masons. 

MOOSE LODGE TRAGEDY. 

A (juarrel over 70 cents lost in a game 
of cards resulted in the killing of Elijah 
Barclow, a colored porter, by Stowe Ev- 
ans, a car repairer for the Katy, in the 
Moose hall at 10 45 Saturday night. 
Following the shooting Barclow ran 
from the club rooms and fell to the side- 
walk in front of Flarry Levi's grocery 
store at 1808 Broadway and was carried 
to the office of Doctors Brady, where he 
died a few minutes later. While still 
conscious he told those standing around 
him that Evans did the shooting and had 
taken his pocketbook. Investigation 
showed that the victim's trousers' pockets 
were turned wrong side out and that his 
purse was missing. 

So far as the police have been able to 
learn, there were but three persons in 
the room when the shooting took place. 
These were Barclow, Evans and Aelred 
Cannon, a Katy employe. Evans and 
Barclow had a dispute over the cards. 

"I was standing looking out of the 
window," Cannon told the deputy coun- 
ty attorney, "when suddenly I heard a 
shot fired. I turned and saw Evans and 
Barclow standing about three feet apart. 
Barclow was bending over and had 
dropped some packages he had been hold- 
ing. Evans had a gun in his hand. I 
ran from the room and did not hear 
further shooting." 

Trailed Blood to Hall. 

Officers Copes and Burroughs were 
the first to reach the scene of the shoot- 
ing. They followed the trail of blood 
from Levi's store to the Moose hall. 
James Elam. sheriff", happened to be in 
the city and he assisted the local authori- 
ties in their search for E\-ans. which 
continued most of the night. 

Under Influence of Liquor. 

Friends of E\ans are inclined to think 
the slayer of Barclow was under tlie in- 
fluence of liquor when lie fired the fatal 
shots despite the fact that both Cannon 
and Davis declare that he showed no in- 
dications of being intoxicated when he 
was in the Moose hall. In a conversa- 
tion with a friend over tlic telephone 
earlier in tlic evening Evans had talked 



14 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



in such a strange manner that his friend 
became convinced he was drunk and told 
him to go home and go to bed. 

Barclow for the last two years had 
been porter at the INIoose lodge. Mem- 
bers of the order say that he w^as not of 
a quarrelsome disposition. He leaves a 
widow and two small children. 

Gambling Not Allowed but Practiced. 

Fred Fox, past dictator of the Moose, 
said to-day that gambling always has 
been strictly prohibited in the club rooms 
and that Evans had taken advantage of 
the absence of officers of the lodge to 
play cards for money. 

'It is a very deplorable affair from 
every point of view," Mr. Fox said. "We 
have taken every care to guard against 
such trouble as this by placing placards 
on the walls forbidding card playing for 
money or betting money on games of 
chance of any kind ; and in addition every 
member of the order has been told that 
it was strictly against the rules to make 
wagers in the club. This is the first in- 
stance that I know of where this strin- 
gent regulation has been broken." — The 
Parsons (Kans.) Daily Sun, Feb. 22, 

1915. 

It is a well-known fact that liquor 
lodges multiply rapidly in districts which 
are voted dry, and The Moose lodge is a 
notorious offender in this regard. Barc- 
low, a ''porter," while carrying ''pack- 
ages" was shot by a drunken member of 
the lodge, in prohibition Kansas. Past 
Dictator Fox does not comment on the 
fact that Evans was drunk — apparently 
that is not an important matter in his 
mind — but passes off the "deplorable" 
murder with the statement that Evans 
had broken the rules in playing cards 
for money. The Moose murderer had 
not been apprehended. 

OLD RATHER THAN ANCIENT. 

A square and compass have long been 
kept in the possession of successive gen- 
erations of the same family in a hill 
town of Massachusetts, as a relic of 
a lodge which was in its own day the 
third oldest in the state and the fourth 
in New England. How long "Federal 
Lodge" existed or when it disappeared 
we cannot tell, but it was formed in 
1792. It may have sunk under the 
pressure that submerged hundreds of 



lodges after the martyrdom of Mor- 
gan. A new lodge which has been 
working a year under dispensation, has 
now been constituted under the old name 
Federal. In the evening of the consti- 
tution, the old square and compass were 
on the altar of this new lodge ; the com- 
pass hammered out in some old-time 
blacksmith shop ; the square, half wood, 
half bone; the two parts of the square 
fastened with two iron riv)ets where 
they join. Let us hope that some of 
those who swore hereby and hereon — 
all of whom are now in their graves — 
saw their error and repented before 
they, like their lodge, disappeared from 
this world of false worship and profane 
swearing. 



GREAT IS THE ORDER. 

Two Masons meet at a railroad sta- 
tion. 

One makes an almost imperceptible 
motion with his hand. 

The other follows. Other signs are 
exchanged. 

They approach. Carefully. Cautious- 
ly. Both looked about to see if any 
eavesdropper lingers near. A mystic 
word passes. Then some more words. 

They clasp hands. They mumble 
more words. 

A peculiar grip is exchanged. 

Then each presents to the other a cara 
bearing mystical signs. 

It is well. They are brothers of the 
same order. 

"I am glad to meet you, brother," one 
says. 

"I am glad to meet you also," says 
the other. 

"Brother," says the first, "what time 
does the train leave for Kalamazoo?" 

"I do not know, let us ask the ticket 
agent," replies the second. 

They asked the ticket agent. Again 
they clasped hands. 

"It's great to be of assistance to a 
brother of the noble order, ain't it?" 

"It is." 

They separate. They take their re- 
spective trains. 

Each is satisfied he has met a genuine 
brother of the order. 

What had happened had they failed to 
meet? We shall never know. 

Great is the order. — Toledo Blade. 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



15 




(5i|^ Olflmtng dnnflirt 



BY 
EDWIN BROWN GRAHAM 




CHAPTER XX. 

(Continued.) 
Murder Will Out. 
When Dr. Hulman returned to the 
city he found that the name of "Hunker" 
was not in the directory. After several 
prudent inquiries, Walter was convinced 
that the name was fictitious, but whether 
assumed by a resident of the city or not, 
he could not learn. No trace of Groves 
could be discovered through this person 
at present, so he turned his attention to 
the Flaggs. It seemed as though the sick 
man must die. Walter was now con- 
vinced that 

"He had got a hurt 
O' th' inside, of the deadlier sort!" 
Still the doctor waited on him and 
watched him faithfully, not only trying 
to save his life, but also hoping to hear 
from him or his brother who was often 
present, a word concerning Groves. He 
had been waiting several days for a fa- 
vorable opportunity to ask some ques- 
tions, when late one evening, as he was 
entering the house, John Flagg met him 
in the hall and asked him with an expres- 
sion of voice and countenance that at- 
tracted his attention at once : 
"Doctor, are you a Mason?" 
"I was initiated, passed and raised in 
this city," was the answer. 
"Where were you made?" 
"In St. John's Lodge, number 56." 
'''What made you a Mason?'" was 
the next question, which fortunately for 
the doctor was asked in the past tense. 
" 'My obligation.' " 

John Flagg, having met Hullman's 
father in the lodge, was satisfied with this 
brief examination, and remarked : 

"Well, I am glad that you have 'been 
to Jerusalem.' " 

"Why?" asked the doctor in a careless 
manner. 

"Because Robert is often flighty, you 
know. I was afraid he might disclose 
some of our secrets. We can only trust 
him with our members. Remember, if 
you hear anything which from its nature 



should be kept secret, it is 'on the 
square.' " 

"Ls there anything special?" asked 
Hullman, hoping to be let into the secret. 
"(J) no, nothing that I can explain 
now." 

Walter was tempted to ask if it was 
about Groves, but knew that it was wiser 
to remain silent. 

Flagg stepped to the door, and looking 
up the street remarked that he had some 
business up town and wished Brother 
Jarrow, who had been detailed b)- the 
lodge to assist him in waiting on the pa- 
tient that night, would soon arrive. 

"I haven't had my turn yet." answered 
the doctor. "I will stay with him until 
ten o'clock." 

"I certainly did not intend to suggest 
such a thing to you. Doctor; but if you 
can find time to stay until Jarrow comes, 
I would be much obliged.'' 

"I would be pleased to do so. Cio right 
along, and feel easv about it," said the 
doctor. 

Flagg hurried off to his business and 
the doctor entered the sick room. The 
patient had just dropped to sleep. The 
doctor called Mrs. Flagg and asked lier 
to stay with her husband for a few mo- 
ments until he returned. 

'Really, Doctor, I would onl}- be too 
glad to be with m}- poor husband nuich 
of the time, but" — Inu-sting into tears — 
"John will not allow m(>. He has for- 
bidden me and our cbil(h-cn to enter the 
room since Rol)crl l)ecame so flighty." 
"Whv so?" asked tlie doctor. 
"He savs thai 1 niii^lu hear word.-- bel- 
ter for me nol to know. Robert told nie 
himself thai if his iniiu! wandered that 
I had better not sta\- with him. So they 
drove me ont and kec]) me ont. ( ^ it's 
cruel, cruel I II seems as though 1 nui>t 
be with liim and help him all 1 can till 
the last." answered the loxing wite. 
w(^eping as thoui.ih her heart woifld break. 
ITnllman wanted to tell her that 
Masonr\- is an aeeiu'sed svstem. anvliow. 



16 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



and had no right to separate husband and 
wife in the least; that she ought not to 
respect tjieir wishes at all, and that he 
would have no great objection to giving 
her the usual secrets ; but he was now in 
a hurry, and as there was one secret 
which he wanted to learn, he must wait 
to tell her this at some future time. So 
he said : 

"I am sorrvc We will arrange it bet- 
ter as soon as possible. Please sit here 
a moment until I step in at the next 
door." 

She gladly did so. The doctor called 
at the next door and asked to use the 
telephone. He called up Brother Jar- 
row and asked him when he expected to 
be at Flagg's. 

"I was coming immediately, but if 
John is there and can do without me an 
hour or two, I will be much obliged. I'm 
very busy." 

The doctor answered, "You need not 
hurry. We can get along without you 
for two or three hours very well." 

Walter then returned to the sick room 
and in a few minutes said he would ex- 
cuse Mrs. Flagg. Slowly and sorrow- 
fully she left the room. As she was leav- 
ing, the patient awoke and the doctor 
went to his bedside. He was very flighty, 
and after muttering inaudibly a few min- 
utes spoke more plainly, but very slowly 
and faintly, for he was very weak : " 'Oh 
Lord, my God ! is there no help for the 
widow's son ?' " 

"W^hat is the trouble?" asked the doc- 
tor, recognizing the grand hailing sign 
of distress. 

Flagg did not answer. Perhaps he did 
not hear the question, or was too weak 
to speak. 

The doctor, with the hope of hearing 
something useful, listened very closely. 
Here was a chance, perhaps his last 
chance, to discover Groves, and so he 
wished to improve the opportunity. Soon 
the sick man spoke faintly again : 

" 'O that my throat had been cut 
across ere I had been accessory to the 
death of so good a man!' " 

'Ts he dead?" asked Walter, convinced 
that, while the words might refer to ''Hi- 
ram Abiff," the sick man was thinking of 
Groves. 

He spoke again, so faintly that the last 
part of the sentence was lost: 



" 'O that I had become a prey to the 
wild beasts of the field ere I had con- 
spired to the' " — 

"Is he dead ?" asked Hulman again. 

No answer from the miserable man. 
He was almost asleep. He seemed to be 
dreaming, for he twitched nervously, 
opened his eyes widely, and stared 
around the room. He did not appear to 
see the doctor, but said in a low tone : 

" 'O that my body had been severed in 
twain and divided to the north and 
south' "— 

Walter tried it another way : 

" 'Well, Jubelo, what have you to say 
for yourself — guilty, or not guilty?" 

" 'Guilty, my lord!' " was the answer. 

"Is Peter Hunker guilty, or not 
guilty ?" 

" 'More guilty, my lord !' " 

"Is John guilty, or not guilty?" 

" 'Most guilty, my lord !' " 

" 'Take them without the west gate of 
the temple and have them executed,' " 
said the doctor, who had not quite for- 
gotten the ritual. 

" 'O Lord, my God ! is there no help 
for the widow's son?' " piteously begged 
the wretched patient. 

" 'Go and search for the body, and if 
it is found, carefully examine it for the 
Master Mason's word or the key to it.' " 

The patient, talking to himself in al- 
most inaudible tones, began to search. 
He pulled at the covers of the bed, and 
looked here and there until he caught 
hold of a pillow and lifted it, when he ex- 
claimed, " 'Ah, here is his grave !' " 

" 'Where is he and I will go in person 
and try to raise his body,' " said Walter 
in intense excitement, hoping for an 
answer not according to the ritual. But 
he was disappointed ; the sick man an- 
swered another question : 

" 'Nothing but a faint resemblance to 
the letter G.' " 

Hulman knew that "G" profanely 
stood in the lodge for God and Geometry, 
but he thought to turn his patient's mind 
away from the ritual, and so said : 

"Yes, yes, that's right. 'G' for Groves. 
Where is Groves ?" 

The answer seemed to be a quotation 
from the lodge, even if not down in the 
regular work: 

"Groves is crazy ; he ought to be in the 
asylum. We will take him to Riverview. 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



17 



That will quiet him; ha, ha!" And the 
flighty man began to whisper, evidently 
repeating the plan for his abduction as 
he heard from his brother. 

Hulman tried to get him to speak 
aloud, but he would not. He continued 
to mutter and whisper until the doctor, 
thinking perhaps he had learned enough, 
or could learn no more, and that his pa- 
tient had been awake long enough, gave 
him a narcotic and let him sleep. 

Soon Walter called in Mrs. Flagg and 
told her that she could watch her sleep- 
ing husband for an hour, and then she 
must retire for rest. The wife, with her 
daughter, about twelve years of age, 
came into the room to stay until half 
past nine. They counted this a great 
privilege. 

''Doctor," said Mrs. Flagg after she 
had sat for some time in silence, gazing 
at her husband, "are you a Mason?" 

"I was made one in this city when I 
was a student," answered the doctor, 
who did not think it wise to tell her the 
rest of his history until he had further 
investigated this matter about Groves. 

"1 am sorry." 

"Why?" 

"Because they keep me from my hus- 
band." 

"I don't keep you away. I did not 
know until this evening that you were 
not allowed to be with him." 

"You didn't advise it, then?" 

"No, indeed. I don't approve of it." 

"You don't think it is right?" 

"Certainly not. The rights of a wife 
are above any rights of the brethren. 
Marriage is a divine institution ; Masonrv 
is an institution of — well, not of God, 
any way. It ought to be kept in its own 
place," said, the doctor politely and 
prudently neglecting to say where that is. 

"That is just what I think," said Mrs. 
Flagg. "Masonry is a nuisance, to say 
the least. With its meetings, and its se- 
crets and its duties of various kinds, it 
has always been the way. It has sepa- 
rated me from my husband and de- 
stroyed our perfect confidence in each 
other. I supposed I ought not to object, 
because Robert said it was for my good, 
and other Masons' wives endured it ; but 
I think it goes a little too far when it 
comes into our home, sets me aside and 
tries to control everything. We were 



sworn at our marriage to forsake father 
and mother, that is 1 think every author- 
ity and love, and cleave to each other ; 
and we ought to be together in such a 
time as this, it seems to me." 

"You are right. It has no business to 
interfere with the marriage relation. But 
you ought not to blame the members too 
much, for it of necessity interferes." 

"Well, it ought not to exist then ; and 
if I had my way, it wouldn't, either." 

"Well, well," said the doctor, 'T think 
we can arrange it satisfactorily. You 
stay in the room until your husband be- 
gins to talk; then it might be better for 
you to leave, even if not required." 

"Are there any secrets that it would 
hurt me to know?" 

"There is one, at least." 

"Indeed ! And what would hurt me 
and doesn't hurt my husband and oth- 
ers?" asked the wife. 

"Perhaps it does hurt them," sug- 
gested Weaker. 

"Well, I have wished, and I believe 
everv ^Mason's wife has wished like me, 
a thousand times, that my husband had 
never been a member of the lodge. I wish 
I had made him give it up before we 
were married." 

"I do, too. Xow, not because I am a 
Mason, but because you need rest, I will 
ask you to retire." 

She kissed her husband and left the 
room. In a few minutes Brother far- 
row arrived. The doctor gave him the 
necessary directions and went home, not 
to sleep, however, but to write a letter 
to Edith and to prepare a plan for the 
discovery and release of Dr. Groves. 

CHAPTER XXI. 

Foul Is Fair. 

"Love is master of all arts, 
And puts it into human hearts 
The strangest things to say and do." 

The next morning after his conversa- 
tion with his delirious patient Dr. Hul- 
man called on the county clerk, and after 
a few minutes said that he would like to 
look through the public records in the 
office. Of course he was granted this 
privilege. After looking througii several 
volumes, he picked up the records of the 
commissioners for that year, and with as- 
sumed carelessness turned to the minutes 
of the meetings in the spring. Ho had 
checked the manifestation of any special 



18 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



anxiety and determined to control his 
feelings and expression should he find 
anything startling on the pages before 
him. And could he believe his own eyes ! 
There was the record commencing, "And 
now comes Dr. Warren," and ending, 
"The commissioners, after due examina- 
tion, do find the said Warren to be of 
unsound mind and dangerous to be at 
large, and do hereby give authority to 
the proper officers to take, and commit 
and hold the said Warren in the asylum 
in Riverview until released by due pro- 
cess of law ; the County of Park to pay 
all charges for boarding and treatment." 
Certainly this was Dr. Warren Groves 
instead of Dr. Warren. Several import- 
ant particulars Avere omitted in the rec- 
ord, but otherwise the case seemed to 
haA'e been conducted regularly. After 
pretending to look at one or two more 
books, Hulman thanked the clerk for his 
courtesy and went out. He had de- 
termined on a course of action. He pro- 
ceeded immediately to the office of Judge 
AMiite and asked him to issue a writ of 
habeas corpus, commanding the person 
of Dr. Warren Groves, falsely called Dr. 
Warren, to be brought before him, with 
a view of inquiring into the reasons and 
ground for his imprisonment and reten- 
tion in the as3dum at Riverview. 

Judge White w^as a Mason, as were 
all the other judges. But Judge White 
was upright, honorable and conscientious, 
which was more than could be said of 
any of the others. Hulman did not be- 
lieve that Judge White knew of the ab- 
duction of Groves, or would refuse to 
issue the writ, and he was correct. The 
writ was at once issued and put into the 
hands of the Masonic sherifT. Walter 
regretted the latter, but could not then 
well state his objections, for he had not 
suggested that Masonry had anything to 
do in the matter; and then, of course, all 
the deputies were Masons also. After 
consulting, as Hulman observed, John 
Flagg and Dr. I. B. Lumm, the sheriff 
left for Riverview. 

When the doctor called on his patient 
he found him worse. He was now 
speechless and could not be aroused. The 
end was fast approaching. Now, when 
he could not speak to her, those who go 
to the lodge to learn to purify their 
hearts and subdue their passions, very 



kindly allowed the devoted wife to be 
in the room with her dying husband. 
They, however, were not as attentive as 
usual until after his death, which oc- 
curred about two o'clock the next morn- 
ing. Then the brethren were very at- 
tentive, or, at least, officious. They ap- 
pointed the time, and made all t"he ar- 
rangements for the funeral. The after- 
noon of the next day was set as the time. 
Mrs. Flagg had not been consulted, and 
when informed of it requested that the 
time be changed until the day after that, 
as she did not think it was necessary or 
proper to bury on the Sabbath and as 
she expected some of her relatives to be 
present by Monday morning. But of 
what importance were her wishes? Had 
not her husband once, when he had no 
thoughts of dying, requested to be buried 
with the honors of the craft? Did not 
the lodge through its worshipful master 
say without hesitation, "Sunday is the 
best day for us, and we will have the 
funeral on Sunday?" 

Surely, on this occasion, when the 
lodge, whose - ceremonies are almost 
identical with those of the ancient wor- 
shipers of the sun, would meet to per- 
form its sacred rites over the dead on the 
day which the heathen have named in 
honor of their god, it was at least con- 
sistent for the priest and members of the 
order to call the Lord's day Sun-day. 

At the appointed hour, with great 
pomp and display, the body of Robert 
Flagg, a kidnaper, a profane man and an 
arrogant infidel, was taken to the church 
to which his wife, unattended by him, 
was accustomed to go. The pall-bearers, 
who had so tenderly carried the remains 
of the departed brother into the sanc- 
tuary and who would bear them to their 
resting place, consisted of two ministers, 
one saloonkeeper, the president of the lo- 
cal "Liberal League," a prominent Jew- 
ish tobacconist, and a zealous class-lead- 
er. The pastor of the church was a good 
man who was not in favor of secret so- 
cieties, but who never opposed them for 
fear they would oppose him. He was 
grieved, silently, however, to have the 
ceremonies in his church, but did not 
have the courage to refuse the lodge ad- 
mission. He, however, only assisted in 
the services to the extent of reading the 
first hymn, which was to be sung while 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYxXOSURE. 



19 



the audience was being seated. At the 
suggestion of a master at his side — a 
master he feared to offend — he an- 
nounced and read the hymn commencing, 
"Blest be the tie that binds." 

The services were conducted by the 
profane worshipful master of St. James' 
Lodge, who read from a Monitor the 
prayers which carefully excluded the 
only name in which one should pray, and 
the Scripture selections, which were so 
garbled as to offend none but Christians. 
The Rev. Dr. Bubble preached the ser- 
mon. He was not in profession a uni- 
versalist, but still, probably owing to the 
circumstances, he "preached the de- 
parted straight into the Grand Lodge 
above." 

After the services in the church, which 
were attended by many who for long 
years had not seen a pulpit, and now 
went only to see one disgraced, the body 
was carried out by the motley crew and 
put in the hearse. Then the procession 
was formed. First in order was a brass 
band of jolly beer drinkers, and on each 
side of them was a crowd of urchins of 
dift'erent ages and degrees of dirtiness. 
Then came St. James' Lodge dressed in 
full uniforms; that is, the members wore 
their good clothes and white cotton 
gloves, and little white muslin aprons 
which, with their usual honesty, they 
called lambskins, and which were about 
the only tokens of innocence they pos- 
sessed. A part of ''the furniture of the 
lodge" — a Bible, compass and square — 
was carried by a tottering, frail, aged 
deacon, who for several years had been 
too old to go to church, but who often, 
as he once thoughtlessly declared, shed 
tears in the lodge over the tragic death 
of Hiram Abiff. Next, with the pall- 
bearers, was the hearse containing the re- 
mains of a man who was being buried 
with Masonic dishonors. Then all the 
Masonic bodies of the city marched in 
rank. After these were the pious divines 
riding along in a carriage, mourning and 
wondering over the deadness of their 
churches, and remembering, Sun-day to 
honor the lodge. Then came the family 
and friends of the deceased, and last of 
all "the profane." The signal was given, 
the band began to play and the procession 
began to move. It was an imposing sight 
to those on whom it was easy to impose ; 



it was ridiculous to those with any acute- 
ness of sense; it was wonderful to the 
small boys and big Alasons ; it was pain- 
ful to sensible persons ; it was distressing 
to the mourning widow, and it was 
solemn and beneficial to none. 

Arriving at the grave, there were more 
heathenish and superstitious rites. A 
prayer from Webb's Monitor, containing 
a petition for the departed, was read, the 
body was lowered, the sprigs of cassia 
were thrown in, the grave was filled with 
earth, and the few mourners, the many 
performers, the crowd of gazers de- 
parted. The Masons did not seem to be 
very sad. Why should they mourn? 
True, they had lost a brother, but their 
order had been grandly advertised and 
the widow would have to pay all the ex- 
penses. 

The sheriff had come back to Mega- 
polis late Saturday night. On Monday 
morning Hulman called on Judge White 
and found the writ with the return, stat- 
ing that the person named within could 
not be found in the asylum at Riverview 

The doctor then gave the judge a full 
and sworn account of the case. The 
judge was surprised and shocked. He 
could scarcely believe what he had heard. 
If Dr. Hulman, or some one like him, 
had not made the statement, he would 
not have believed it. Walter, at his own 
request, was appointed deputy sheriff', 
and the writ put into his hand. He took 
the next train for Riverview, arri\ing 
there next morning. He went at once to 
the asylum and introduced himself by 
handing to the superintendent his pro- 
fessional card. 

(To be Continued.) 



We have received the Constitution of a 
new society. "The Anti-Catholic, Anti- 
Saloon and Anti-Secret Association."' 
We hope to give furtlier information of 
this movement in the t"uture. The Na- 
tional Christian Association contributed 
ten pounds of assorted tracts to this new 
organization, and wish it abundant suc- 
cess. T^or fuller infcM-mation. address 
Rev. W. F. Hall. Mcars. Miclu'iran. 



We should study to practice here that 
kind of life that will best fit us for the 
hereafter. 



20 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



EittflnaL 



N. C. A. ANNUAL MEETING. 
The Annual Meeting of the National 
Christian Association will be held at 
10:30 A. M., Monday, May 17th, 1915, 
at 850 W. Madison St., Chicago, Illi- 
nois. 

Besides the election of officers, re- 
ports will be given and important busi- 
ness transacted. 

WM. STUART, President, 
NORA E. KELLOGG, 

Recording Secretary. 

RELIGIOUS POLITICIANS. 

We pause in that careful reading 
which we give to each issue of a certain 
bright and able religious newspaper, in 
order to copy an editorial paragraph re- 
lating to a passage in Ezekiel to which 
Milton refers in lines 446-457 of the 
first book of Paradise Lost. This Scrip- 
ture is highly descriptive of that an- 
cient type which Freemasonry aims to 
perpetuate : and to one of the thought- 
ful readers of this magazine who was 
initiated in a lodge-room within a church 
building it has long looked much like 
a picture of modern Masonry in session. 
Probably the editor was thinking of Ro- 
manism instead of Masonry. The copied 
paragraph is headed : 

Swinging the Incense in the Dark. 

''Ezekiel, in one of his visions, was 
aghast when having dug in a certain 
place he found a hole in the wall, and 
saw a door that opened into a place 
where the elders were swinging the in- 
cense in the dark. He had supposed 
that they were in the Temple engaged 
in their holy ministries ; but he found 
not one or two, but many, chanting their 
secret incantations, away from the peo- 
ple, in league with the powers of dark- 
ness. One of the saddest revelations 
in the past centuries has been the dis- 
covery of ecclesiastics who have been 
so involved in their political friendships 
that when the world expected them to be 
busy with their religious duties they 
were passing their time in the dark, 
swinging the lamp of incense, but to 



what avail ? We are wondering if in 
our own land it is possible that in any 
of the cities, or in any departments of 
our government, we are in danger of 
discovering the deeds of darkness that 
generally come when religious politicians 
join their forces for the accomplishment 
of ends that are not spiritual." 



AN EXPLICIT UNDERSTANDING. 

An editorial paragraph in an Ameri- 
can religious journal says that Dr. Dixon 
writes : "There comes from India the 
report that a Christian missionary has 
joined the Buddhists and Mohammedans 
in calling a meeting for prayer, with the 
explicit understanding that the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ is not to be men- 
tioned; and this is quoted as a token of 
unity of spirit among all religionists. 
Jehovah and Baal are to be worshiped 
in the same temple. Worse than that, 
our Lord Jesus Christ. 'God blessed for- 
ever,' is to be excluded from the Pan- 
theon of modern times." 

The editor who published this extract 
from a letter, may not have known that 
the same explicit understanding has long 
existed in America. Even in India, its 
only feature of newness consists in its 
being brought out into an open meeting. 
In that country Masonry flourishes, and 
that understanding common to lodges 
throughout the world, whereby the name 
of our Lord is made unmentionable in 
meetings, of course does not there strain 
the conscience or ofifend the feelings of 
natives who are Masons. Already, Budd- 
hists and Mohammendans who accom- 
panied him into an open prayer meeting 
may have met with him in a lod;2:e under 
the identical explicit understanding. 



PRICELESS RELICS. 

The fifth annual convention of the 
George Washington Memorial Associa- 
tion met in Alexandria on Washington's 
birthday, and after a business session 
the delegates went in a body to Mt. Ver- 
non to decorate the tomb with wreaths. 
The annual evening banquet followed, 
and an election of officers occurred next 
day. This special masonic organization 
is engaged in the enterprise of providing 
a Masonic Temple for Alexandria 
lodge, a temple which is to glorify the 
order under color of honoring, though 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



21 



actually dishonoring, the Father of his 
country. Its dedication will involve 
great display. Very likely there will 
be, with news, special articles or a re- 
ported oration, giving false impressions 
of Masonry and of Washington's rela- 
tion to the system. 

Alexandria, being near the national 
capital and the Mt. Vernon tomb, is a 
favorable place for masonic intrench- 
ment. Although biographical facts do, 
nevertheless, fail to warrant this scheme 
of the Association, while, on the con- 
trary, they even render it absurd, an 
order based on delusion and built up on 
fiction will not mind trifles like mere 
facts. None the less surely will ''price- 
less relics" be kept in this new shrine, 
for instance, the old chair in which 
Washington is alleged to have presided, 
although as a matter of fact he never 
did preside in any lodge, nor even attend 
this one near his home. All this, how- 
ever, can be masonically ignored as mere 
fact having nothing to do with the legend 
of the chair. 

Imperturbable masonic complacency 
matches that of a showman who, with 
great impressiveness, announced confi- 
dently the next article in his unrivaled 
collection. 

''Ladies and gentlemen : I shall now 
exhibit to you the identical sword with 
which the ancient prophet, Balaam, slew 
the beast that spoke with a human voice." 

"But" — objected a spectator — "he had 
no sword. He only wished he had one." 

"Precisely so ; that is the exact point, 
my friend. This is the one he wished 
he had." 



A LODGE DOOR AJAR. 

A recent lodge anniversary included 
in its exercises an address by the Ma- 
sonic grand master of a New England 
state. It happens that he is the present 
successor of that early grand master who 
kept John Adams from becoming a Ma- 
son. This fact relating to him who be- 
came second president of the United 
States, and whose son was the most bril- 
liant antagonist Masonry ever encoun- 
tered, adds peculiar interest to what the 
man now occupying- the same chair said 
in his recent address. He assured his 
audience that symbolic Masonry is only 
a little more than two centuries old. At 



this comparatively modern period it be- 
came connected with organizations of 
operative stone masons who built those 
structures that embody the Gothic archi- 
tecture of Europe. The principles of 
Masonry, however, are far older; being, 
in fact, principles following those of the 
ancient Pagan Mysteries — the secret so- 
cieties of Greece, Asia and Egypt. The 
Masonic institution knows no preference 
for any particular religion. Neither does 
it pay any attention to creeds; as is evi- 
dent when there are in this grand lodge 
four chaplains — respectively Univeralist, 
Congregational, Methodist and Unitar- 
ian. Religious indifference to all save 
ancient Pagan principles, may be pre- 
cisely w^hat some brethren of this newer 
grand master values ; and the opposite 
of indifference in John Adams is one pos- 
sible reason why the earlier grand mas- 
ter assured him that he would find noth- 
ing in Masonry that he would value. 



A LEADING EDITOR DEAD. 

The most notable recent event in .Vm- 
erican journalism is the untimely death 
of Samuel Bowles, editor and publisher 
of the Springfield Republican. Although 
he was only sixty-three years old, he had 
nevertheless conducted that journal 
through a period of fortv-two years, the 
death of his no less eminent father hav- 
ing thrown this responsibility upon him 
when he was only twenty-one or twenty- 
two 5^ears old. It has been well said 
that "His father regarded the Repiihlican 
as an institution for service, and so did 
he." Not only has that service been con- 
scientiously earnest, it has also been of 
the finest and most admirable profes- 
sional type. Hence the Bosfojt Herald 
speaks for the entire press as well as 
for all the best judges of journalistic ex- 
cellence, when it says that "Nobody 
would make up a list of the three or four 
best and strongest newspapers in the 
United States, and fail to include the 
Springfield Ref^ublicaji." 

By "family ties and throu.ch personal 
and" other association, I\Ir. Bowles was 
connected with a select circle which in- 
cluded, together with friends and corre- 
spondents in Europe, such eminent Am- 
ericans, for instance, as Prof. Charles 
Eliot Norton and Hon. George Frisbie 
Hoar. At the same time, he was as<o- 



?7 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



ciated with the leading people of his own 
city in various important organizations, 
of which he was of course a desirable 
member. But this "born patrician" never 
bent his neck to the yoke of a secret or- 
der. On the contrary he kept his life 
open, free and independent. When in 
the midst of its highest activity it sud- 
denly ended, those honors that survivors 
paid were in- keeping' with the life that 
he himself had lived. No undignified 
mummery or regalia marred the simple 
dignity of his burial. 



sonic Mutual Accident Company. Such 
opposition may have been a compliment 
to the bill, a kind of backhanded in- 
dorsement of its value. 



SUBJECT TO ASSESSMENT. 

So many people know less about in- 
surance than they need to know before 
selecting a company or a form of policy, 
that one is tempted to think w^ell of al- 
most any means to guard them against 
choosing unw^isely. The inclination to 
favor such help is more intense because 
loss has often been incurred through 
avoidable error. At the same time, it 
need not be denied that trying to teach 
more than will be understood might even 
defeat its own purpose in some cases. 
AVithout fuller knowledge than we have 
gained in a special instance, it would be 
rash to decide that a bill lately pro- 
posed with the apparent purpose of giv- 
ing the person about to insure better 
knowledge of the policy offered is one 
that ought to be enacted because a really 
good means of securing that desirable 
end. 

It pertains to assessable accident in- 
surance, offered by organizations that 
are mutual. It requires printing in 
large black letters at the top of each 
policy the words, ''This policy subject 
to assessment." Since the policy is really 
subject to assessment; and since each 
patron liable to assessment ought to be 
fully aware of the fact ; it seems desir- 
able to make it certain that his liability 
shall not escape attention when he be- 
comes insured. If clearly known then, 
it cannot take him by surprise, or offend 
him, afterward. Neither can he insure 
without knowing well what he is doing. 
Xevertheless, several representatives of 
mutual companies and societies opposed 
this bill before the legislative Commit- 
tee on Insurance. It is noticeable that 
one of its opponents was a man who is 
secretary and general agent of a Ma- 



AN APPARENT MISFIT. 

An adage handed down for our learn- 
ing by those wise generations that dwelt 
on the earth before our time, teaches us 
that "What is sauce for the goose is 
sauce for the gander." May we then 
say that what is right for men in a se- 
cret society is right for men in an open 
society? What is morally right for the 
same men in one place is the same as 
what has been moral for them already in 
another. What is sauce for an old man 
is sauce for a young man ; what is sauce 
for a Freemason is sauce for a Chris- 
tian Endeavorer. 

For the purpose of experiment we can 
match the Blue lodge and the Endeav- 
orer associate members, then in like man- 
ner the Royal Arch and the full mem- 
bership of the C. E. society. Now if a 
moral obligation for one society is moral 
for the other, we may try an obligation 
transferred from one society to the 
other. Our Associate member will there- 
fore promise to keep all secrets of any 
one who happens to be admitted as an 
associate, with the sole exception of mur- 
der and treason. If he fails to hide any 
other crime he will be morally unfit to 
be a member of the Christian Endeavor 
society. If, however, he makes no fatal 
slip of this kind, and if he becomes a full 
member, he will then repeat the same ob- 
ligation, leaving out the former excep- 
tion. Sauce for the R. A. goose being 
sauce for the C. E. gander, he will hence- 
forth conceal all crimes confessed by any 
members who have succeeded in finding 
some way to get under the C. E. shield 
as accepted members. But if this bare 
statement of Masonic morality as Chris- 
tian morality is shocking, what shall we 
infer? 



SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE. 

In the old days oi hand labor men 
learned a whole trade, instead of learning 
a special bit of team work done on only 
one in a line of machines. Apprentices 
were then taught every detail. There 
was no journeyman shoemaker, for in- 
stance, who could not make a whole shoe, 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



23 



but now the great shoe factories employ 
hands who only stitch an upper or cut 
a sole, but never make a shoe. Trade 
as well as manufacture has become large- 
ly a matter of departments and special- 
ties. Learned professions have always 
implied specialization in both study and 
practice, but they carry the tendency still 
further when lawyers divide into classes 
devoted respectfully to civil suits and to 
criminal cases, while doctors likewise di- 
vide as surgeons and as experts in dis- 
eases of children. Not only so ; papers 
and magazines themselves drop into 
classes and adopt specialties. Only a tyro 
mails an article on the best method of 
shoeing horses to the Ladies' Home 
Journal. 

This magazine, then, has at least been 
consistent with the trend of the times it 
has served, in carrying out strictly the 
policy of attendmg closely to its chosen 
theme. Whatever danger may seem to 
lie in the direction of carrying this policy 
to an extreme, there is undeniable safety 
in a method which excludes without 
petty contest or personal irritation, mat- 
ter which besides being irrelevant might 
be otherwise unavailable. 

But self --justification was not the ob- 
ject we had in mind when beginning this 
article. We would like to encourage and 
guide into specializing, any whose hearts 
incline them to aid our cause in public 
or private ways but who are, neverthe- 
less, hindered by the reflection that their 
knowledge of subjects involved has not 
yet attained that comprehensiveness and 
variety which they suppose to be almost 
indispensable. In their very conscious- 
ness of restriction lies a plain suggestion 
of specialization. Even if they do not 
know "something of everything," they 
can yet know almost ''everything of 
something." They can, moreover, take 
courage from the fact that some of the 
best writers whose work they find in this 
magazine, are specialists on certain points 
to which, if necessary, they could confine 
themselves and still write conclusively. 
No one need fear that he cannot stand 
against all comers, if only within well 
chosen limits his knowledge of one spe- 
cial feature is complete and sound. 



LASTING VICTORIES. 

JULIA EVKLYX WliiTlXG. 
Not in the councils of the stale, 

Nor in assembled armies vast, 
Mad with the lust of war and hate, 

Are triumphs won that longest last. 

By firm resistance to the throng 

Who sordid gain for self would seek; 

We'll wage stern war 'gainst every wrong, 
And lend our strength to aid the weak. ' 

By conquests in these better ways, 
Great glory to our land would come, 

And peaceful run our length of days 
Because of lasting vict'ries won. 



Secretary Phillips was obliged to lay 
aside for a short time the numerous 
duties which he has carried on for so 
many years for the National Christian 
Association, because of the danger of a 
physical breakdown. He has been under 
the doctor's care, and we are glad to re- 
port that his health is impi-oving. With 
proper rest we are looking for his 
speedy recovery and return to his work 
in the Cynosure office. 



GIRLS SUE WHITE CAPS. 
Demand $720,000. 
Lexington, Ky., March 9. — ]\Iiss Lou- 
ella Webster and her sister, Katherine, 
members of a prominent Butler county 
family, who were dragged out of bed by 
white caps, disrobed and beaten, to-dav 
sued thirty-six men. The suits are for 
$20,000 each. — Chicago E.vainincr, 
March 10, 1915. 



A FRATERNAL BEGGAR. 

Beggar: "Kind sir, could you help a 
brother Mason, Odd-Follow, Elk, Moose, 
Eagle, Owl or Forester?" 

Passer by: 'T belong to none of 
them." 

Beggar: "Ah, den, could you help a 
fellow Baptist, Catholic, Episcopal or 
Presbyterian?" 

Passer bv : 'T belong to none of 
them." 

Beggar: "Ah. den. shako hands and 
assist a fellow Socialist and uplifter in 
distress." — Kansas City Star. 



We often want what we don't need 
but we sel(l(Mn need what we don't get. 



'T have not willingly planted a thorn 
in anv man's bosom." 



To kick against the pricks of a heaven- 
sent loss is to miss a ""rcat cart1d\- eain. 



24 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



JlettJ0 of §nx Woxk 



WASHINGTON CONVENTION. 

President Slater of the Washington 
Christian Association has issued a call 
for a convention to be held in Seattle on 
June 29th and 30th. The program has 
not been completed, but Rev. B. E. 
Berg'esen will speak on "Masonic Use 
of the Bible," and Rev. P. A. Klein is 
also expected to take part. A number 
of new speakers are expected, among 
whom will be a granddaughter of Wil- 
liam Morgan, who will tell what she 
knows of her grandfather's murder by 
the ]^Iasons. 

The AA'ashington Christian Associa- 
tion, through its officers, has been busy 
in a quiet way for the past year. Per- 
sonal letters accompanied by tracts have 
been sent to many pastors and the fresh- 
man class in the State University was 
supplied with tracts on fraternities. We 
are expecting a good report of the con- 
vention for publication in the Cynosure. 



NATIONAL CONVENTION LETTERS. 

Glen Ellyn, 111., April loth, 1915. 
W. I. Phillips, 

Gen'l. Secy. N. C. A. 

Dear Brother Phillips : — It is with 
profound regret that I cannot be with 
you at the Convention at Flora, Indi- 
ana. It would afford me much pleasure 
to meet and form the acquaintance of 
those who have the courage to take their 
stand against one of the greatest evils 
of the present generation. 

I had the honor to assist in making 
the arrangements for Charles A. Blanch- 
ard to deliver his first lecture on secret 
societies, and for some years was active 
in procuring him and others to enlighten 
the minds of the people on the evils of 
secret societies in DeKalb, Boone and 
Kane counties, Illinois. 

I shall never forget the experience I 
had, when, as a boy of seventeen years, 
I was awakened on the subject of the 
evils of secrecy. I was a member of the 
Good Templar's lodge. At a camp 
meeting of Wesleyans which I attended, 
I received a very deep and clear experi- 
ence of saving grace. On my return I 
attended the lodge and expected to enjoy 
it as usual, but my spiritual eyes had 



been opened and my moral sensibilities 
had been quickened. I felt that I was 
out of place, and the ceremonies of 
initiation seemed a mockery. The climax 
was reached when the prayer was read 
by the most profane man in the com- 
munity, and I resolved that I would 
never enter the lodge again. At the 
close of the ceremonies I had my name 
stricken from the roll. 

The following Sunday I gave my 
testimony in the class meeting, stating 
the fact of my new and deeper experi- 
ence and of having left the lodge. I ex- 
pected they would rejoice with me in 
my new found experience and in my de- 
liverance from the lodge, but the class 
leader said something about the danger 
of becoming over much righteous, and 
passed on to the next person. I was su- 
perintendent of the Methodist Episcopal 
Sunday school, and several of my teach- 
ers were Masons but none of them would 
come after this. My way was blocked ; 
my influence was injured and I had 
severe troubles, but with Christ in my 
heart and a conviction that I was right 
I did not care. I wrote a brief state- 
ment of my renunciation of the lodge 
to the Christian Cynosure. This was 
my first contribution to the press. 

The longer I live, the more I am con- 
vinced of the great evils of the lodge 
system. In the family it creates schism; 
in the community it fosters favoritism; 
in the courts it thwarts the course of 
justice; in the nation it corrupts poli- 
tics ; in the army and navy it creates 
cliques and clans and in the church it 
saps the vitality from the spiritual life. 
It comes in strong competition with the 
church services and materially lessens 
the attendance. 

God speed the work of the N. C. A. 
and hasten the time when He who has 
said 'Tn secret I have said nothing," 
shall hold the chief place in the hearts 
of men. 

Trusting that this convention at Flora 
may be made a great blessing to many, 
I am 

Yours in the work for Christ, 

(Rev.) T. B. Arnold. 



Shafter, Cal., April 15, 1915. 
To the Soldiers of the Lord, Greeting: 
I know the God of battle is with you. 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



25 



He was with David when, in the name 
of Jehovah, with one little stone and a 
sling, he slew the giant who defied the 
army of the Living God. 

I praise and thank our Heavenly 
Father for the privilege of uniting with 
the members and friends of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, in the 
mighty conflict with the great Antichrist 
of these last days. 

Brethren, let us stand fast in thf 
liberty wherewith Christ hath made us 
free ; be strong^ and fear nothing, for 
our conquering Lord will soon come and 
smite this lodge evil, the Man of Sin, 
with the spirit of His mouth, and the 
brightness of His coming, and we shall 
be with our blessed Lord and Saviour 
forever. Hallelujah! 

Your comrade in the great battle to 
exalt our Lord Jesus, and crown Him 
Lord of all. 

Geo. W. Shealey. 

Mansfield, Ohio, April loth, 191 5. 
Dear Brother Phillips : — 

I wish I had a fortune to devote to 
the enlightenment of the people on the 
sin of the idolatry and selfrighteousness 
of the lodge system. Thousands of men 
are trusting in their own righteousness 
•when they have none and are pointing 
to the defects of Christians instead of 
coming to the perfect Saviour. My 
prayers shall be for God's rich blessing 
on your convention. 

Most fraternally, 

(Rev.) S. p. Long. 

Berne, Indiana, April 15th, 1915. 
Dear Brother Phillips : — 

I wish you God's choicest blessing for 
the conference. 
Yours in Christ, 

(Rev.) S. F. Sprunger. 



count in unscllisli service to God and 
man. Sincerely yours, 

tl. A. JOHNSOX. 



Berkeley, Cal., April 14th, 191 5. 
W. L Phillips, Sec'y., Chicago, Illinois. 

My Dear Friend : — Y^our announce- 
ment and program for the 47th Annual 
Conference is before me and I regret 
very much that I cannot be present. I 
am intensely interested in and enjoy to 
the utmost association with men of pur- 
pose, and I know of no one more pur- 
poseful than the unselfish workers of 
our Association. I want my life to 



REPORT OF EASTERN SECRETARY. 

RliV. W . \'.. STOUDARJ). 

For eleven years it has been my an- 
nual privilege to visit the friends at 
Berne, Indiana, where 1 am now stop- 
ping. Our work here has always been 
well supported. Notwithstanding large 
contributions to the Anti-Saloon League 
and Red Cross societies some fifty sub- 
scriptions were secured for the Cyno- 
sure, and my meetings in the large Cen- 
tral Mennonite, and the ^lissionary 
churches were well attended. Berne put 
its saloons out of business years ago, and 
I am told the remnant of a K. of P. 
lodge here is struggling for existence. 
Evidently there are not many willing to 
pay the price to find out whether their 
spikes are steel or rubber. Truly, happy 
is that people whose God is the Lord. 

My work was continued in I->anklin 
and Lancaster Counties, Pennsylvania, 
after the State Convention last month, 
and lectures were delivered to large and 
appreciative audiences in the Radical 
United Brethren church at Orrstown 
and in churches of the Brethren at 
Akron and Mechanics Grove. Our work 
in that section is in a healthy condition 
and additions were made to the Cyn- 
osure list. 

Much interest is centered in the an- 
nual meeting of the Church of the 
Brethren to gather in Hershey. Pennsyl- 
vania, early in June. A sevciUy-five 
thousand dollar pavilion is being erected 
and accommodations are being provided 
for the fifty thousand or more expected 
to attend that gathering. Our Associa- 
tion is to be represented, and T trust 
much of its literature will be jnU in cir- 
culation at tliat time. 

While at home 1 preached lor Rev. 
Mr. Lyon, pastor of the W'ashinglcMi. 
D. C. Brethren church. His people 
had quite recently been favored with ad- 
dresses bv the newly elected Governor 
of Pennsylvania, M. G. r.rumbaugh. and 
Secretary of State, Win. T. T.rvan. They 
surely ought to be well instructed in 
righteousness v;ith such distinguished 
men as leaders. 

From \\'ashington 1 turned west, and 



26 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



am on my way to the X. C. A. Annual 
Convention at Flora, Indiana. At INIa- 
sontov.n, PennsA'lvania, I found our 
good friend. D. L. Dtu*r, recovering 
from sickness. In response to the re- 
quest of Pastor Hess I preached in the 
IMennonite church there on the Sabbath. 
Quite a number were detained by sick- 
ness, but it was thought that good was 
accomplished. At Columbus, C^hio, I 
was given opportunity to address the 
students of the Capital University in 
connection with one of their devotional 
services. ]My reception was, as it has al- 
ways been, most cordial. This school 
has over two hundred students, most of 
whom are preparing for the ministry. I 
was fortunate in finding a quarterly 
meeting of the Friends church for the 
Columbus district, gathered in the High- 
land Avenue meeting house. Wm. Kir- 
ley. Pastor in charge, arranged for me 
to address them for half an hour. There 
was much interest and expression of 
sympathy for our work. 

A night w^as spent at the home of 
State President, H. R. Smith, at Leon- 
ardsburg, Ohio. Miss Eliza F. Potter 
of that city told me of lodge conditions 
in Delaware, a town near at hand and 
a strong methodist center. She offered 
to aid in giving light to the benighted 
there. Delaware, it seems, once was 
free from the saloons but kept the lodges 
like the Elks, Eagles, etc., and now the 
saloons have been voted back. The 
pastors of the Ohio Synod of the Luth- 
eran church, the City Mission and the 
Radical U. B. churches are the only ones 
there not Masons, I am told. The six 
Methodist churches get their spiritual 
food through the Masonic preachers. 

I gave Rev. Mr. Ford, pastor of the 
Baptist church, our tract for Baptists. 
He said he knew Dr. Henson, that he 
was a great preacher, but very narrow 
in some things. I replied, ''He was 
broad enough to discover the Devil in 
the Masonic lodge and speak against 
it." I related to him Dr. Henson's story 
of his initiation into the first degree in 
Masonry, as he related it to me. vSome 
of those who had coaxed him to join, 
asked how he liked it. He replied, "1 
did not like it at all." They answered, 
"That's just what we expected. You 
don't understand it. If you take more 



degrees it will be explained." He said, 
"I returned for the second degree, but 
found it w^orse than the first and left in 
disgust." Rev. Mr. Ford thinks Ma- 
sonry a good thing, and so does not 
agree with Dr. Henson. 

I spoke four times while in Dela- 
w^are, at a City Mission prayer meeting 
and in the Radical United Brethren 
church. Sabbath, both morning and eve- 
ning. There was quite a stir among the 
lodge folks, and much light was given 
out. Our good brother, Ramsey of the 
Wesleyan Methodist church, who is now 
in his eighty-fifth year, is recovering 
from a severe attack of pneumonia. He 
said, "Tell the Cynosure friends I am 
faithful." He watches the progress of 
our work with great interest, and prays 
for its success. 

I stopped for work in Cedarville, 
Xenia, and Dayton, Ohio, and also in 
Richmond, Indiana. Rev. J. Beck, a 
Lutheran pastor for over fifty years, has 
been compelled to resign his charge be- 
cause of failing health. The writer 
spoke for his people when he was pas- 
tor of Grace church, Columbus, Ohio, 
over twenty-five years ago, and later 
when "he was located in Richmond. Our 
fellowship has always been most cheer- 
ing and helpful. He is feeble, but it is 
hoped God may spare this useful life for 
more service. 

1 expect to visit Fort Wayne and 
Huntington, Indiana, and other points in 
the interests of the Annual Convention 
at Flora. 

May the Lord bless the work, and 
workers and make us faithful for the 
glory of His name. 



REPORT OF SOUTHERN AGENT. 

REV. F. J. DAVIDSON. 

I am glad to report that after five 
weeks of serious illness, Mrs. Davidson 
seems to be improving, wdiich is a very 
great relief to me. I have been hindered 
in my work because of her illness, but 
God be praised, I am still rejoicing be- 
cause His mercy endureth forever. 

I had the privilege of attending the 
Ministers' Monthly Parish Conference 
at St. Paul Baptist church, and also two 
citizens' mass meetings at Progressive 
Baptist and Christ's Chapel A. M. E. 
churches, respectively, w^here health reg- 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



n 



ulations were discussed and an at- 
tempt made to put them in operation to 
reduce the high death rate among ne- 
groes in this community. But despite the 
efforts of the best citizens, the meetings 
were very poorly attended and practical- 
ly no interest was manifested by the 
masses, and only the pastors of the above 
two churches were interested enough to 
attend. It is very strange to see how 
little interest the negro preachers of this 
community manifest in public matters. 
Their interest seems to be in lodge gath- 
erings or some financial or personal 
scheme which will benefit themselves. In 
a radius of five miles there has been an 
average death rate of three negroes a 
week or ten negToes to every wdiite per- 
son in the same territory. The ignorant 
negroes of this community are accus- 
tomed to keep the bodies of their dead 
relatives and friends, without even em- 
balming them, for from twenty to thirty 
hours before burial in order that they 
can hold "wakes," the body often becom- 
ing very offensive before burial is per- 
mitted. It matters not whether the per- 
son, died from consumption or almost 
any other disease, the same kind of cere- 
monies are carried out. How can the 
death rate be reduced as long as such 
unsanitary practices are tolerated, and 
how strange that the leaders should be 
so indifferent about it. 

I attended the annual thanksgiv- 
ing services at St. Paul church, March 
24th, of the Knights of Pythias and 
Court of Calanthe. A number of lodge 
speeches were delivered lauding the 
lodge and deceiving the people. Rev. 
W. L. Ray preached the sermon, but it 
seemed to be disappointing for he did 
not represent the lodge as a divine insti- 
tution nor did he assure them of a home 
in the grand lodge above if they are 
faithful to their lodge here, but he did 
assure them that the church is the only 
divine institution to make men better. 
He urged them to be born again as that 
is the only wav of salvation for their 
souls. I was permitted to address them 
and used the ten minutes allotted in try- 
ing to convince them of the wickedness 
of oath bound secret societies, and to 
show them how useless it is for Chris- 
tians to be unequally yoked together 
with unbelievers to make them better. I. 



also liad an ()p])()rtnnity to .^jK-ak at eacli 
of the mass meetings already mentioned 
and scored the lock'-e for its reH^rious 
])retensions. 

While conversing with an intelligent 
colored preacher a few days ago, he said, 
"Dr. Davidson, the Chrlstlxx Cvxo- 
suKK has convinced me as to the evil of 
the lodge. I must testify to the truth 
of its contents. Several years ago, in 
a town where 1 belonged to the Knights 
of Pythias, a brother Knight got into an 
argument with a non-lo(lge man in a 
saloon and shot him. A purse was made 
up, and both men were hidden until they 
could safely be spirited away. I myself 
gave v$2.oo to help them out of tlie \va}-. 
When the police arrived we all said that 
none of us knew anything aljout the af- 
fair. At another time an CJdd-Fellow 
made trouble wnth another man and his 
wife and I helped to spirit him a\\'ay. 
When I read the Cynosure last week it 
set me to thinking, and I am planning to 
quietly drop out of all my lodges. They 
are terrors to every good w^ork and har- 
bor crime of every kind." Is it not 
shocking to think of a minister of the 
Gospel of the blessed Christ gi\-ing 
money on two occasions to spirit a crim- 
inal away from the arm of the law and 
justice for his crimes? But this is the 
logical result of lodge teaching. TIow 
can Christian men and women continue 
to support such dangerous institutions? 

I am earnestly praying for a great and 
glorious session of the N. C. A. Annual 
Convention in Indiana. I am ex])ecting 
to go to NcAV Orleans next week and 
shall try to arrange a summer meeting 
there for sister Lizzie \\'oods Roberson, 
if 1 can. The Secret Empire is busily 
at work and will never cease pouring out 
their vial of vituperation, misrepresenta- 
tion, persecution and even murder itself 
to crush truth to earth. 



"LIZZIE WOODS' LETTER." 

Argenta, Ai-k.. April i. 1015. 
Dear Cynosure: 

While I was in I'rinkkn-, where I 
sto])ped for three da\s. I liad a talk with 
a woman thai holoiiged to ten secret so- 
cieties. She said that she liad known of 
the officers of the lodge being killed h\ 
those whd wanted \o get their positions. 
I asked her if the women did the same 



28 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



in their lodges and she said, "Yes, we 
had a sister in our lodge who was poi- 
soned for that reason. We think some- 
one put poison in her food or drink." I 
said. Did that sort of teaching come from 
the Bible? "Well no," she replied, "I 
don't think that is taught in the Bible 
but the lodges will do such things. The 
national grand master of the Masonic 
Templar lodge was killed because he 
criticized one of the state grand mas- 
ters." How did they kill him, I said? 
She replied, "He went into his victim's 
office and said 'You criticized me as state 
grand master' and shot him down. They 
brought his body to Little Rock and had 
one of the biggest funerals I ever saw." 
I said, I suppose all that came from the 
Bible, and she repliied, "I use to think 
so but I don't believe it now." There 
was a Baptist minister in this State who 
died mysteriously. One of his members 
died and she belonged to the Daughters 
of the Tabernacle. He did not believe 
that members of the church ought to be 
members of secret societies, and said as 
much while he was preaching. He took 
the Bible and condemned the idol wor- 
ship. A brother who was a member of 
the Knights of Labor got angry and a 
few days after that the preacher was 
dead." I asked her who killed him and 
she said, "It is reported that one of his 
Deacons did. The Pastor while preach- 
ing one Sunday took a drink of water 
which he found had a bitter taste. He 
soon became very sick and shortly after 
was dead." T said, I knew that preacher 
and heard of his death, but I did not 
know a Knight of Labor killed him. T 
know you are a Daughter of the Taber- 
nacle. She said, "I was but I have quit 
them now. Men and women do so manv 
wicked things in the lodge that I am sick 
of it all." I said, This whole world is 
gone after secret societies. 

I have just been to Milan, Tenn., and 
stirred the Devil's camp there. I then 
went on to Jackson, Tenn., and heard the 
whole plot of how they planned to kill 
me when I was there three years ago. 
They told two men to kill me but they 
were afraid of God's wrath and would 
not do it, so they appointed four others 
to o"o to the church and get me to come 
outside the door and shoot me down. So 
they did come, and I remember that one 



night while back in the rear of the 
church, I was pleading with a woman 
sinner to come to the altar, and a little 
boy came to me and said that a gentle- 
man outside wanted me to "Step to the 
door a minute." I said, No, if the gen- 
tleman wants to see me, tell him to come 
in. I did not hear any more about it. 
That was the night they were to kill me 
at the church. The other conspirators 
were so scared that they left the church 
that night and expected to hear the next 
morning that I was dead. They were 
Masons and had planned to kill me that 
night for teaching the truth. They can- 
not stand the light. 

I also tried to find out about the Mason 
they killed just ten years before the night 
they planned to kill me but could not get 
the facts regarding it. One sister told 
me that the way they came to know he 
was killed at the lodge hall was because 
the husband of one of her friends came 
home that night and was very excited. 
He just walked the floor and grunted 
"Ugh! Ugh! My! My!" She said, "Hus- 
band what on earth is the matter with 
you." He said, "My God, I did not not 
think they would do such a thing as 
that." She said, "What are you talking 
about?" He grunted "Ugh! Ugh!" and 
seemed scared. At last he hinted to her 
that a man was killed that night. I don't 
positively know this thing to be true but 
it is reported so in Jackson. The mur- 
dered man's wife still lives in Jackson. 
She said that her husband went to the 
lodge hall well and hearty and when she 
saw him again he was dressed in grave 
clothes. After they planned to kill me 
some of the brothers left the lodge an^ 
have never gone back. I was told that 
they said they had $1,300.00 in their 
treasury and could very easily keep those 
who would kill me out of the hands of 
the law, but God was for me and deliv- 
ered me. I did not know my danger un- 
til I heard of it afterwards. Paul said, 
"Forgetting the things which are behind 
and reaching forth unto those things 
which are before, I pressed toward the 
mark for the prize of the high calling of 
God in Christ Jesus." (Phil. 3:13-14.) 
The negro has his idolatry and so God 
is permitting Night Riders to drive them 
from their homes. The god of secrecy 
is an idol god that cannot help its wor- 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



29 



shiper when trouble comes. Violence 
has filled the earth but the saints are 
saying Halleluiah, Amen. 

Yours for the work, 

Lizzie Roberson. 



FROM EVANGELIST J. L. DAVIS. 

Lundy, Mo., Jan. i8, 1915. 
W. I. Phillips. 

Dear Brother: — I have just received 
the January Cynosure. Think it is the 
best yet, in fact it seems to get better all 
the time. 

In this county the "Houn' Dog" Lodge 
was organized and its duration was to be 
fifty years, but think the Lord the ''Dog 
is dead" after living only about three 
years. The lodge got all the money it 
could and then died. So you see the fools 
are not all dead yet. Am having a time 
here. I came out strongly in southern 
Missouri against the lodges. The Devil 
and bad men say, "Davis is wrong. Don't 
you see that none of the other preachers 
are fighting the lodge?" Of course they 
are not, for they are nearly all in them. 

I am glad to say I am getting the eyes 
of some opened. I was inside a church 
here where there was not one that be- 
longed to the lodge. Some of them did 
once, but when they came into the church 
they left the lodge. 

J. L. Davis, Evangelist. 



PENNSYLVANIA CONVENTION. 

The Annual Convention of the Penn- 
sylvania branch of the National Chris- 
tian Association met in the Otterbein 
United Brethren churchy Waynesboro, 
Pa., March 17. The morning session 
was opened by the President, R. J. W. 
Burton, of Chambersburg, who led the 
devotional exercises. 

The address of welcome was delivered 
by Ezra W. Eunk, of Waynesboro, who 
spoke of the unpopularity of the anti- 
secret cause and emphasized the need 
that Christians stand for the truth even 
if it means persecution. 

President Burton responded to the ad- 
dress of welcome. He emphasized the 
important truth that our cause is right, 
for Christ is the only means of salvation 
and the lodges generally reject portions 
of the Bible. 

Committees were appointed as follows : 
Finance, Rev. E. M. Funk and J. S. 



Yaukey ; Resolution, Rev. D. A. Powell 
and Rev. H. A. Shank. 

Letters to the Convention were read 
by Rev. W. B. Stoddard from the fol- 
lowing Pennsylvania friends : John S. 
White, of Highspire ; J. C. Young, De- 
golia; Rev. J. C. McFeeters, Philadel- 
phia, and an extract on the lodge from 
the book ''Three Score and Ten," by Rev. 
Silas C. Swallow, of Hamburg. 
Officers Elected. 

Officers were elected for the coming 
year as follows: President, Rev. J. W. 
Burton, Chambersburg; Yice-President, 
Rev. C. F. Knider, Colona ; Secretary, 
Rev. Enos H. Hess, Grantham ; Treas- 
urer, Rev. Peter Lehman, Chambers- 
burg. 

Rev. Enos H. Hess delivered an ad- 
dress on College Secret Societies, in 
which he pointed out the need of physi- 
cal, intellectual and moral culture for 
young men and women ; that such culture 
should be used in the highest and broad- 
est sense in the service of mankind. 
Secret fraternities, by their methods of 
seclusion and isolation, in many instances 
unfit their members for the broadest 
service to the world which is so much 
needed today. In many institutions 
which harbor "frats," it has been found 
that the scholarship of those who affiliate 
themselves with tlie fraternity is not as 
high as those who are not members. Rev. 
Mr. Hess said that from his own ob- 
servation when, as a student, he stood 
out against hazing, he became satisfied 
not only of the degrading and demoral- 
izing effect of that practice, but also that 
Christ, by His Spirit, protects and helps 
those w'ho stand for righteousness. 

The afternoon service was opened by 
Eld. C. R. Oellig, who also read the 
Scripture lesson. 

Eld. A. N. Falkenstein addressed the 
Convention on Lodge Presumption and 
spoke of the three divine institutions, the 
Family, the State and the Church. Any 
encroachments on the work and otfice 
of any of these institutions is presump- 
tive and should be protested against. 
Secret oath hound organizations are 
claiming, in some degree, to be a substi- 
tute of" the work of the church, but in 
many instances they staml against the 
meting out of justice to law breakers, 
and withal have a baneful influence on 



30 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915, 



society. The Boy Scout movement is a 
dangerous institution in that it educates 
and trains the youth toward the secret 
empire. The lodge antagonizes the 
home. It tends to break up the social 
fellowship that ought to obtain in the 
home and the fellowship of the lodge, in 
many instances, is degrading. It lowers 
the high standard of moral purity that 
must need obtain in the perfect home 
and in mapy instances it provides ave- 
nues for lustful indulgences. The lodge's 
professed charity is not true benevolence 
but is founded on selfishness. Christian- 
ity in its true expression gives help where 
no material benefit can be expected in 
return. Lodgism excludes so far as pos- 
sible the dependent or probably depend- 
ent — the lame, halt and the blind. The 
only ones wanted are the able-bodied 
who need no help and are not likely to 
need it. The lodge antagonizes the 
State. It works for special privileges 
for the few against the interest of the 
many. Abuses along this line have re- 
sulted in the downfall of some of the 
European monarchies. The lodge is 
idolatrous in its worship, as it unduly 
idolizes its leaders in giving them such 
titles as ''Most Worshipful Master," 
"High Priest," etc. Secrecy is wrong in 
principle. The Scriptures tell us not to 
swear at all, and especially are we not 
to forswear ourselves. The family life 
is a matter of privacy and not of secrecy. 
Some lodge members deny the religious 
aspect of their work, but their rituals 
and burial ceremonies prove the contrary 
to be true. 

Resolutions. 

The following resolutions, presented 
by the Committee, were adopted and or- 
dered to be published in the local press : 

Whereas, we are living in a time VN^hen 
there is much religion and but compara- 
tively little Christianity, and when many 
have no clear conception of what it 
means to be a Christian, and whereas we 
believe there is no agency calculated to 
confuse the religious understanding of 
men more than the ever present Secret 
Lodge System, therefore resolved, First, 
That it is our belief that all Christian 
light, life and happiness centers in Christ, 
and that no greater insult could be of- 
fered Him than the worship which is be- 
ing taught in the secret lodge. Second, 



We rejoice in the evidence that the world 
is being aroused and enlightened regard- 
ing great moral evils. The abolition of 
war and intemperance is, we believe, 
near at hand. The Secret Lodge System 
must eventually fall with all systems an- 
tagonistic to Christ's reign of righteous- 
ness. Third, We deplore the multiplica- 
tion of lodges with the names of beasts, 
which, in pandering to the appetites and 
passions of men, are destructive alike to 
the health and happiness of the multi- 
tudes they deceive. Fourth, The lodge is 
not needed to advocate or maintain any 
good thing and is the natural resort of 
those who wish to cover or extend evil 
practices. Fifth, The oaths and pledged 
secrecy of the lodge is calculated to pre- 
vent justice in civil courts and undermine, 
our government. Sixth, The lodge in- 
jures every relation in life which is or- 
dained by God. Seventh, There should 
be special effort put forth to rescue those 
who belong to lodges but who are igno- 
rant of their teaching and tendency. 
Eighth, Pastors and evangelists cannot 
clearly set forth the teaching of God's 
Word as applied to our age without 
warning against the Secret Lodge Sys- 
tem. No Christian should support a min- 
ister who is a lodge advocate. Ninth, 
We rejoice in the progress being made 
in the antisecrecy work in our state and 
promise our support to the efforts being 
put forth for the furtherance of the 
cause. Tenth, We recommend the 
Christian Cynosure, and other publi- 
cations of the N. C. A., as calculated to 
do much good in bringing the light to 
those who need it. A vote of thanks is 
due and is hereby given to the pastors 
and churches entertaining and aiding our 
Convention. 

The evening service was held in the 
Church of the Brethren. Eld. A. U. 
Falkenstein led the devotional services. 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard addressed the 
Convention on "The Lodge Turned In- 
side Out." He said that we may know 
a great deal about what is done in the 
inside of the lodge by what you see on 
the outside. The public demonstrations 
of the lodge, such as the Odd-Fellows, 
in which a goat is led throu,8:h the street 
to make a show to the public serves as 
an index to the character of the order. 
The Bible teaches the fate of those who 



May, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



31 



are classed among the goats in the judg- 
ment day. The Masons with great pomp 
bury the most wicked of their numbers 
and declare that they have entered the 
grand lodge above. The small white 
apron worn by Masons on funeral occa- 
sions is said to be an emblem of inno- 
cence and yet saloon keepers and profane 
persons wear them. Lodges are especial- 
ly solicitous to get ministers within their 
meshes because they are the very best 
bait possible to catch the laity. Rev. Mr. 
Stoddard showed that the first declara- 
tion made by the candidate for the En- 
tered Apprentice degree is not true, 
when he states that no mercenary motive 
has prompted him to join the order. 
Lodge advocates almost invariably refer 
to the material benefits of the order when 
trying to induce others to join. He gave 
extracts from the ritual and oaths of the 
order and showed how the whole institu- 
tion is diametrically opposed to Christ 
and the work of the Holy Spirit, and that 
true Christians must denounce and for- 
sake the whole brood of secret orders 
to stand in favor with God. 

Ends H. Hess, Secretary. 



A SECEDING MASON. 

April 9, 1915. 

As far as I am informed, my ances- 
tors all belonged to the Masons. I never 
heard any preaching or talk against the 
lodge or any of its work and so being 
brought up under a prolodge influence, 
I sent in my application to the Masonic 
lodge of my home town, before I was 
twenty-two years of age, and took the 
three degrees of the Blue Lodge. 

I studied all the unwritten work as 
far as I could get any one to instruct 
me, and also the lectures, and I finally 
became what is called a "bright" IMason. 
I was elected to and filled all the impor- 
tant ofiices of the local lodge and served 
one year as Master of my lodge, and rep- 
resented the lodg"e in the Grand Lodge 
in October, 1895. 

I was converted as a boy of fourteen 
years and joined the Methodist Episco- 
pal church, and as I neither read nor 
heard anything said against secret or- 
ders I never once thought of their being 
wrong. This continued until 1897, '^^'hen 
I had been a Mason for about seven 
years. Up to that time the only thin^- I 



found any trouble to reconcile with what 
I believed to be the truth, was the claim 
made by the order that it is very ancient. 
As I studied history I could find no his- 
torical trace of their origin, llic Mason-^ 
claim that ihcy were organized in the 
days of King Solomon, and I could find 
no evidence in Scripture of their exist- 
ence at all. I went on in my Masonry 
till 1897 at which time I consecrated my 
all to God and let the Holy S])irit come 
in and cleanse and fill my heart and in 
less than thirty-six hours the Spirit told 
me to leave the lodge and I immediately 
obeyed. I had taken the degrees of the 
Eastern Star or woman's ^Masonry and 
gave it all up. 

I stayed free from lodges and intended 
to always remain so, until the ^lodern 
Woodmen came along, and then I gave 
way and joined the lodge to get a cheap 
insurance, but all the time I was sure the 
Lord did not want me there, yet I 
worked for it and did all I could to get 
people into that fraternity. I left the 
Woodmen after three and one-half years 
and I have been free ever since, and the 
Lord has blessed my ministry as he never 
did before. 

As I look at the secret orders now I 
would no more join them than I would 
mix with the saloon business or any other 
really wicked business. Of course I do 
n.ot say that all people who belong to 
them are sinners, but I do believe if all 
Christians would study the subject and 
let the Spirit of the Lord lead, they 
would get out. However, I try to be 
charitable for did I not do this same 
thing? But now I am determined to do all 
I can for the Lord's work and against 
everything, even secret societies, which 
hinder the church. 

I received sanctification in 1807. when 
I gave up Masonry. I was called to 
preach when converted but did not yieUl 
to the Lord until 1807. I have now been 
preaching seventeen years and am happy 
in the work and the Lord is blessing m\- 
minislr\-. 

Rrv. J. A- jt'ii xsox. 

Hanson. Kcntuckw 



The devil hates a tearless Christian 
as he does a hap])y one, and he need not 

liotlier about tlic (Others. 



2>2 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 



May, 1915. 



CALIFORNIA WORKER. 

January 28, 191 5. 
Dear Brother Phillips : 

Some little time ago I received your 
package of price lists and also the old 
copies of the live wire — the Cynosure — 
for which I assure you I am truly thank- 
ful, as some of the articles are very val- 
uable and I am doing lots of good with 
them I think, at least I am trying. They 
are such a help in breaking down the 
lodge man's argument. The title, Lodge 
Lamp, seems very taking with most peo- 
ple. They are anxious to see just what 
Lodge Lamp means. These papers find 
their way into churches, and into the 
hands of the idle passenger upon the 
train, the street cars, and in fact I put 
out some of them every day somewhere. 
When I have the drag net tightened 
about the lodge moths here a little more, 
I shall put some good sized "kinks of 
reform" into their system, or drag them 
out of their hiding places — not from any 
sense of revenge, but for the general 
good of my fellow men. I put my trust 
in God, and then do as I seem led to do. 
In the book of Romans we are told that 
in the Father's vineyard, there were many 
workmen. Some were carpenters, some 
were one thing, some were something 
else, but all were working in the father's 
vineyard. My constant prayer has been 
for Him to show me how to go, how to 
sow and how to reap. 

Under date of March 8th, Mr. Britton 
writes : 

I read with much interest your letter 
of February 5th and I thank you most 
heartily for your kindness. I have not 
traveled about very much since writing 
you last as I have been very poorly at 
times, but I keep stirring up the secret 
societies as I can and I am now able to 
convince many lodge members that since 
they joined the Masonic government they 
are no longer citizens of this United 
States government, which fact makes 
many of them open their eyes with sur- 
prise. I recently called again at a col- 
ored man's restaurant where I had pre- 
viously left some tracts. I was immedi- 
ately hailed with, "Hey, have you got 
any more of those price lists of that level 
stuff," TMasonically meaning the level 
and the square). He told me that he 
had shown the list and tracts to others 



and some of the "boys" wanted to know 
where to get them. Masonry and Odd- 
Fellowship are very strong among the 
colored folks here in West Oakland, and 
to show them that they are sinners 
against God and humanity does not seem 
to disturb them nearly so much as it 
does to show them that they have no 
right to claim American citizenship be- 
cause they are now citizens of the lodge 
government and subjects to their laws 
above everything else. I recently learned 
from a Freemason that there is to be a 
big Masonc convention this year at San 
Francisco at which time they expect to 
make many changes in the ritual and in 
the new one they say they will not retain 
anything objectionable. If that were 
done, I am wondering just how much 
there would remain of Freemasonry ! 
Yours in the Lord, 

Chas. G. Britton. 
Oakland, Calif. 



Renovo, Pa., March 5, 1915. 
Mr. L. M. C. Weicksel writes : 'T con- 
sider your work of the greatest impor- 
tance for the home, the church and the 
country ; and assure you of my profound 
interest and sympathy. Wishing you the 
utmost success and God's rich blessing I 
am, very truly yours." 



Rev. A. Augspurger, Saybrook, 111., 
writes that the Cynosure is "the only 
magazine given exclusively to antagoniz- 
ing the mother of the yet unborn Anti- 
christ. May the Lord encourage thine 
heart." 



President Millard Fillmore, J. C. Spencer 
and others : "The Masonic fraternity tramples 
upon our rights, defeats the administration of 
justice and bids defiance to every government 
which it cannot control." 

Thad. Stevens was elected to Congress first 
in 1848, and was a member of Congress con- 
tinually from 1858 to 1868. He was always a 
'vigorous opponent in Congress of the slave 
power. He was Chairman of the Ways and 
Means Committee for three different sessions. 
He was chairman of the "Reconstruction" 
Committee of the 39th and 40th Congresses, 
and Chairman of the Board of Managers in 
the impeachment of President Johnson. 

He said of the lodge: "By Freemasonry 
trial by jury is transformed into an engine of 
despotism and Masonic fraud." 



Perfect bliss is found but in a dream. 



Was Washington 
a Mason? 

By PRES. CHARLES A. BLANGHARD 

10c per copy, postpaid 



This is the best, as well as the most interesting, contribution yet 
written on the question of Washing-ton's relation to Freemasonry. 



v^ ADDRESS 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
850 W. MADISON ST. GHIGAGO, iLL. 



MODERN PROPHETS of BAAL 

OR 

WATCHMEN on ZION'S WALLS 

By President C. A. Blanchard. 

This is a tract especially intended for ministers. The term Baalism in referring to 
Masonry is used figuratively. **If we say Lord to any one who is not God, then we 
are worshipers of Baal and if we, who are religious teachers, call any one Lord 
except the true God, then we are prophets of Baal." This tract, in addition to setting 
forth the real relation of Masonic ministers to a heathen system, also gives the reasons 
why Christian preachers become prophets of Baal. 

In the appendix there is a chapter on Masonic Theology, taken from Mackey's "Masonic 
Ritualist", the author being the well known Past General Grand High Priest of the General 
Grand Chapter of the United States. There is also A Word to Bible Students, by Dean 
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Thirty-two pages; Single copies three cents, per hundred, $2.00 postpaid. 

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• 




Ulby wilt fbou defer thy good purpose from 
day to day? J\r'm, and begin at this very in- 
stant, and say, ''How is the time to be doing; 
now is tbe time to be striving; now is the fit 
time to amend thyself." Unless tbou dost earn- 
estly force tbyself, tbou sbalt never get tbe vic- 
tory over Sim— Cbomas a' Hempis. 



Tt is a fatal mistake to suppose tbat we can- 
not be holy except on tbe condition of a situa- 
tion and circumstances in life sucb as shall suit 
ourselves. Tt Is one of tbe first principles of 
holiness to leave our times and our places, our 
going out and our coming in, our wasted and 
our goodly heritage, entirely with the Cord. 
1)ere, Cord, hast thon placed us, and we will 
glorify thee here.— C. €. Upbam. 



1>owsoever things fall out, it is best to keep 
our bias always on the right side; and to incline 
still to a better, rather than to a worse opinion 
of men than they deserve.— Robinson of Ceyden. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

Published Monthly by the National Ctiristian 
Association. 



WILLIAM IRVING PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor. 
850 West Madison Street, Chicago. 



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Entered as Second-class matter May 19, 1897, 

at the Post Office at Chicago, 111., under Act of 

March 3, 1879. 



CONTENTS 



Lodges and Law, by Pres. C. A. Blanchard B3 

A Masonic Hymn — The Armory 36 

The Church and Lodge '(concluded), by 
Rev. O. M. Norlie 37 

Labor Unions and Socialism — The Free 
Methodist 40 

Chips, by Rev. B. E. Bergeson — Lutheran 
Herald 40 

Freemasonry Not Consistent with Chris- 
tianity, by Rev. W. P. McNary 41 

Commencement at Wheaton 43 

The Crux of Masonry, by Rev. J. B. Gallo- 
way 43 

Autobiographical Sketch of A. J, Millard.. 44 

The Coming Conflict (continued), by Ed- 
win Brown Graham 62 

Editorial : 

An Ill-Defined Term 45 

^ Unseeing Eyes 45 

A Weak Refuge 45 

Only Half Moral 46 

Possibly Unconscious Rebuke 46 

Is Masonic the Word ? 47 

The Wickedness and Folly of Profanity. 48 
Lodge Destroys Rituals 48 

News of Our Work: 

Annual Meeting 49 

Annual Convention, Secretary's Report.. 49 
Report of Washington Christian Asso- 
ciation 51 

Secretary Stoddard's Annual Report...; 52 

"Lizzie Woods' " Annual Report 53 

Southern Agents' Annual Report 55 

An Appreciation, 55 

Annual Convention Letters. 56 

Washington Convention . . , 58 

Report of Eastern Secretary, Rev. W. B. 

Stoddard 59 

Report of Southern Agent, Rev. F. J. Da- 
vidson 60 

Seceders' Testimonies 61 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA- 
TION. 

General Officers. 

^President Rev. D. S. Warner; vice- 
president, Rev. J. H. B. Williams; re- 
cording secretary, Mrs. N. E. Kellogg; 
secretary-treasurer, Wm. I. Phillips. 
Board of Directors. 
George W. Bond, C. A. Blanchard, G. 
J. Haan, Albert B. Rtttt, H. A. Fischer, 
Jr., J. M. Moore, Thomas C. McKnight, 
D. S. Warner, J. H. B. Williams, P. A. 
Kittelsby and M, P. F. Doermalm. 



LECTURERS. 

Those desiring lectures or addresses 
may write to any of the speakers named 
below : "^ 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 31 18 Fourteenth 
St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Rev. F. J. Davidson, P. O. Box 223, 
White Castle, Lk. 

Rev. C. G. Fait, Ellendale, N. D. 
Rev. Philemon Beck,, Grafton, Calif. 

A BOOK FOR THE TIMES! 

LIGHT ON THE LAST DAYS. 

Being Familiar Studies in the Book of 
Revelation. 

BY REV. CHARLES A. BLANCHARD. D. D. 
President Wheaton College. 

I BELIEVE that the church In this ae« 
sorely needs the teaching of this book (the 
Revelation)— needs it for sruidance, for 
comfort and for wamingr. We are ap- 
proaching the times with which this book par- 
ticularly deals. We have no right to be Indif- 
ferent about it. God has written these words 
for the help of His people in all ages since thef 
were written, but they are of special Importance 
to us and those who succeed us. 

Further, 1 have found that God's people in 
our time are greatly interested in this book. 
I have seldom preached on it without having 
friends ask me if the sermons were in print. 
This shows that the heart of man answers la 
this case, as in all other cases, to the Word of 
Gk)d.— CHARLES A. BLANCHARD. 

12mo. 162 pages, cloth, 75 cents net Post- 
age. 6c extra. 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSN. 
850 W. Madison St., Chleaa* 





sff — ■ »> 

"J»U8 answerd bin, — I spak* o^ulj t* ik« nvriJ; aid in seiret kare I gaid B«thiag." J»hB IS:20. 



VOLUME XLVIII. 



CHICAGO, JUNE, lOlo. 



Nnmljcr '2. 



TESTIMONIES TO THE GRACE OF 

GOD. 

(Continued.) 

PRESIDENT C. A. BLANCHAKD. 
Lodges and Law. 

All well informed persons know that 
a Master Mason swears to conceal all 
crimes a brother Master Mason com- 
municates to him as such except those 
relating to murder and treason. That is, 
if a Master Mason has committed arson 
or theft or adultery or has embezzled 
and mentions the fact to a brother Mas- 
ter Mason requesting him to conceal it, 
the Master Mason is bound to do so 
under penalty or having his throat cut 
across, his tongue torn out, his heart 
and vitals taken out, his body severed 
in two in the midst and his body burned 
to ashes. 

Many Master Masons say that they 
would not conceal such crimes for a 
brother Mason, but all Master Masons 
who are thoroughly honest men admit 
that the obligation is as stated above. 
The Royal Arch Mason swears to con- 
ceal the secrets of a companion Royal 
Arch Mason communicated to him as 
such without exception ; sometimes the 
words murder and treason are inserted. 
This, of course, would be natural in 
view of the Master Mason's obligations 
mentioned above. And here again we 
find Royal Arch Masons denying that 
they would do this thing which they 
have sworn to do ; but those of them 
who are honest men do not deny the 
oaths. It is obvious that these oaths 
which work directly toward criminal 
actions on the part of Master Masons 
and Royal Arch Masons must affect the 
administration of law. That they do so 
all fairly well informed people know 
perfectly well. • ■ 



J remember not so long ago that a 
judge in an eastern court reljuked an 
attorney who was making Masonic signs 
to him in the court room, telling him 
that he did not allow his brother Masons 
to do that way. This is one thing which 
got into the papers. The cases where 
the judge notices the Masonic sign and 
obeys it do not get into the papers. 
Such cases are Masonic secrets. 

I have been led to this train of 
thought by reflecting on a case which 
occurred in this beautiful northeastern 
Pennsylvania region of which I have 
spoken. I had a friend in that section 
a wealthy man, a powerful Christian 
character. With his wife and family 
of children he lived in a beautiful home. 
He was a physician and having acquir-ed 
a competence by his practice was now 
living in retirement though still at times 
ministering to the sick and suffering. 
He was in every way a man to be 
honored and admired, a leading man in 
his church, universallv esteemed bv his 
neighbors. 

A Promise of Marriage. 

He had a niece who was possessed in 
her own right of a large amount of 
property. She \\as sought in marriage 
by a physician who was a depraved and 
worthless man. He had himself accu- 
mulated quite a fortune by his practice 
as an abortionist. He was, of course,- 
a member of several secret societies. 
Such men arrange to protect themselves 
generally. lie did. J\Iy friend felt very 
deeply regarding the proposed marriage 
and remonstrated with his niece telling 
her as much as he thought she ought to 
know about the moral character of this 
man who desired her for his wife. My 
friend believed that he cared nothing 
at all for his niece but was reallv court- 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



inti- her nionev and he dreaded the life 
which she must live if she became his 
wife. His remonstrances were unavail- 
ing and. the marriage was celebrated in 
due time. 

]\Iy friend had taken a very positive 
stand against the lodges. He attended 
meetings and spoke freely himself. Aside 
from the fact that he was known 
through all that region as a friend and 
supporter of mine. The evil physician 
was irritated and relying, as such men 
do, upon the aid of the lodges brought 
action against my friend for libel. About 
one hundred witnesses were summoned 
on each side. The witnesses sworn in 
support of the suit were generally lodge 
men from all about that portion of the 
State. The witnesses in defense were 
from the vicinity and comprised the 
most honorable, w^ell to do Christian 
people that there were there. The de- 
fense was, first, that the statements 
made wxre all true, second, that the mo- 
tive was good and sufficient, the doctor 
desiring to save his niece from marriage 
with a base and unworthy man who 
did not probably care for her but who 
simply wanted her money ; third, that 
Avhatever might be the truth as to the 
first two items of defense the man had 
suft'ered no injury for he had secured 
the wife with her property that he 
wanted. The one hundred witnesses for 
the defense swore that all that he had 
said respecting this base character was 
true and a great deal more. Men who 
had known him from boyhood up tes- 
tified that this was the case. The lodge 
witnesses for the prosecution testified 
that they had known of the man and 
they thought he was a very good man. 

The Greater the Truth, the Greater the 

Libel. 

The law of the State of Pennsylvania 
at that time was peculiar and naturally 
lent itself to prosecution of this sort. 
In general the position was that the 
more truth there was in statements of 
this kind, the greater was the libel. The 
jury was like other juries, there was a 
little envy and jealousy of a man who 
had lived a clean life and accumulated 
a fortune. The lodges had a certain 
share also in the decision. The law of 
libel in the state also affected the minds 
of some jurymen who were decent fel- 



lows. On the whole they voted to give 
this abortionist three thousand dollars. 

The case was then appealed to the su- 
preme court and the record written up. 
It was a very instructive document. 
Meanwhile men having done their work 
for good or ill, God came into the field. 
The disreputable doctor died, his leading 
counsel died, his leading witness who 
had perjured himself for his friend died. 
It looked for a time as if the whole 
lodge crowd were to be wiped out. The 
law of the state at that time provided 
that in cases of this kind pending on 
appeal in the supreme court, if either of 
the principal parties should die, the de- 
cision of the lower court should stand. 
My friend, therefore, had to pay some 
eight thousand dollars to satisfy the 
judgment, to pay the court costs and his 
own attorney fees. It was a hardship 
but on the whole not greater than other 
good men have sustained for doing good 
things. He paid the judgment, the court 
costs and the fees, moved out of the 
community and bought a comfortable 
home in one of our fairest cities and 
there lived an honored old age until he 
was called to be with the Lord whom 
he loved and served. 

If the case could have gone to the su- 
preme court and there been tried by men 
of integrity, the decision would have 
been reversed and much money would 
have been saved. One cannot, however, 
be sure of anything in this world. 

The National Christian Association 
tried one case in the supreme court of 
another state three times, every time be- 
ing sent back to the circuit court for re- 
trial, while each time the jury in the 
circuit court gave a verdict for the as- 
sociation. One can never tell what 
courts will do. Therefore, one should 
be extremely careful to avoid litigation 
of every kind. It is easier to keep out 
of troubles than to seek to get out of 
them when you have been involved. 
The Heart of the Commonwealth. 

When I left this region after hard 
battles, but on the whole a very blessed 
time of service, I went to Worcester, 
Mass., where there were a number of 
very powerful and worthy men. Rev. 
Henry T. Cheever, brother of Geo. B. 
Cheever of New York, was one of them. 
Rev. Wm. White was another, Mr. 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



35 



David Manning who had co-operated 
with Mr. Cheever for many years in 
the antislavery war was another, Mr. 
Washburn of the Washburn-Moen Steel 
company was a fourth. I presume if I 
should go to my books and think a little 
while, I could write here the names of 
twenty-five or thirty men of this type, 
able intellectually, spiritually and in 
every way true and faithful men. 

I cannot remember who were the 
leading men in arranging the meetings. 
I remember that Mr. and Mrs. Man- 
ning made me one of their sons. Five 
boys there were in that home; two of 
them older than I, one about my age, 
two younger. We used often to walk 
down the street together, six young men 
of us. We seemed to ourselves to be 
(juite a little army. Those young men 
all entered the boot and shoe business, 
except David who was of my age. He 
became a lawyer, was a member of the 
state legislature at one time, and if he 
had not been so good a man would 
probably have gone to congress. 

Our meetings in Worcester were 
held in Washburn Hall. This was the 
smaller hall of the great Mechanics In- 
stitute. The upper hall held two thou- 
sand people, Washburn held about one 
thousand. I gave seven addresses in 
Washburn Hall to audiences which prac- 
tically filled it. In the Mechanics' hall 
above we held our convention in June 
of '71. Wendell Phillips sent me a 
powerful letter for this convention. Dr. 
A. M. Milligan of Pittsburg, was one 
of the speakers. He was a great man 
in every way ; one of the leaders of the 
Reformed Presbyterian Church. My 
dear old father was there, then very 
vigorous though no longer a young man. 

The attendance was large at our even- 
ing meetings. The day sessions were 
not so largely attended. On the whole 
it was a successful convention. 

Lodge Men and the Offices. 

One of the things which was contin- 
ually repeated to me after my arrival 
in Worcester was that the Freemasons 
were appropriating all the offices in the 
city. Of course I was a stranger and 
did not know whether this statement 
was correct or not. I therefore went to 
the officials of the city from the mayor 



down and man by man said to them that 
it was reported that the Masonic lodge 
was appropriating all the offices in the 
city, that 1 was endeavoring to ascertain 
whether that statement was true or false 
that in order to do this I should be glad 
to know whether the gentleman whom 
I was addressing was a member of the 
Masonic lodge or not. A number of 
those gentlemen were apparently fine 
men. One of them I remember seemed 
very much mortified and hurt. He said 
to me, "Mr. Blanchard, I cannot be- 
lieve that Freemasonry had anything to 
do with my election, certainly I never 
attempted to use it myself, if my friends 
did, it was without my knowledge." 
This was a fair sample of several replies 
which I received, but the summing up 
of the whole matter was that the state- 
ments made to me were correct that the 
Masonic lodge had practically secured 
all the city offices. I do not mean every 
one, I mean most of them. There was 
a very deep feeling created by the pub- 
lic statement of the facts in the case. 
And at the next city election the change 
in personnel in the city government was 
something startling. I do not pretend to 
remember just how great the change 
was, but it was most remarkable. 

I am satisfied from rather careful ob- 
servation that the state of fact which ob- 
tained there is extremely common 
throughout our country. In our own 
little city forty years ago the Free- 
masons used to meet before the citizens 
held their nominating caucuses or con- 
ventions in order that they might run 
in members of that lodge to cit}- posi- 
tions of one kind and another. When 
the Woodmen were in the flush of their 
strength in our city they did the same 
thing, they still do the same. Men who 
probably would never have been thought 
of for the positions of trust which they 
have occupied have been placed in such 
offices by their lodge brethren. Of course 
they could never ha\-e been elected if 
they had made the can\ass on the 
ground of lodge nicnibershi]). l)Ut having 
a secret understanding with the lodge 
brethren and in the open appealing to 
their neighbors and friends on the 
ground of neighl)orliness and good fel- 
lowship the ofiices pass into the hands of 
men who are by their very obligations 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



and relations rendered incompetent to 
honestly administer them. 

How Does This Appear? 

It is the essential in respect to civil 
offices that the person occupying an 
official position should be free to deal 
honestly and impartially with all those 
over whom he is called to rule. He 
should be under the same obligation to 
one that he is to the other, and his ob- 
lis^ations to all should be known and 
understood. A secret understanding 
with one or two would make it impossi- 
ble for him to properly administer his 
trust. It is the essence of lodgism that 
there should be partiality. Men on 
every side tell you plainly that they join 
lodges in order to secure favors which 
they could not obtain if they were not 
so connected. In private life there can 
be no objection to men granting favors 
provided they are lawful and do not 
harm others. Of course. such favors as 
were referred to in the previous dis- 
cussion of the A/faster Masons' oath and 
Royal Arch Masons' obligations are il- 
legitimate and ought to be made crim- 
inal. It is really in some respects worse 
to swear to conceal crimes than it is to 
commit them. The temptation is less 
and the action is more deliberate. A 
man may commit a crime, in fact usually 
does commit a crime under stress of 
present temptation but when an organ- 
ization frames an oath binding its mem- 
bers to conceal a crime, it is a most de- 
liberate action and is really treason 
against the state. But barring these 
unlawful favors and speaking simply of 
what might be called legitimate kind- 
nesses extended from man to man one 
may say that in private life men may 
do as they please but after a man ac- 
cepts a public position the condition is 
radically changed. He is now honored 
in some instances supported by the com- 
munity. He has no business to favor 
his fellow citizens. He is to do justly 
by them, he ought not to know a friend 
in his official relations. All men should 
look alike to him. 

I have no doubt lodge men when con- 
fronted with these facts would say, "We 
w^ould never be guilty of any exhibition 
of partiality, we would treat lodge men 
and non-lodge men alike." But while 
this may be true in certain cases, pro- 



bably is true in certain cases, the obli- 
gations work distinctly in the other di- 
rection, and the fact that these men are 
trained to act secretly, that they meet in 
little groups behind closed doors each 
being sworn to conceal the transactions 
of the hour, goes to show that no lodge 
man should be entrusted with civil pow- 
er. As some men say to me, "But lodge 
men have power and are going to have 
more power." I reply, "That may be 
true, there are a great many wrong 
things in the world some of which will 
doubtless continue for a long time but 
in the end every evil thing in this world 
will be put to confusion and cast into 
the lake of fire. There is no question 
but that the lodges will in that day come 
to an end." 



A MASONIC HYMN. 

It has been often asserted that Free- 
masonry is opposed to Christianity, and 
this assertion has been contradicted, and 
the counterclaim made that Masonry has 
many Christian ministers in its lodges 
who would not stay if the lodge's influ- 
ence ran counter to their own practice 
and convictions. 

Now some ministers have left Masonic 
lodges, while some remain and assert 
that the lodges are doing more than the 
churches. 

When the members of an organization 
are pledged to conceal everything un- 
favorable, it is sometimes possible to get 
a little indirect evidence as to the belief 
and tendencies of its membership. 

In a book of "approved Masonic 
songs," published a good many years 
ago, we noted a sidelight of this char- 
acter. In this book the familiar hymn, 

"Blest be the tie that binds 
Our hearts in Christian love," 

is printed in the six stanzas familiar to 
almost every Christian, but instead of 
being credited to the Rev. John Fawcett, 
who wrote it 136 years ago, it said that 
the words are by a "Rev." "Brother" 
Harris, presumably a Masonic clergy- 
man. Surprised at this unexpected as- 
sumption of authorship, we examined 
the hymn as printed in this Masonic song 
book to see if "Rev. Brother" Harris 
had made any change that might entitle 
him to claim it as his own. We found 
that he had. But the only change we 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



37 



discovered was that he had cut out all 
mention of Christ. The first stanza as 
revised by ''Rev. Brother" Harris reads: 
"Blest be the tie that binds 
Our hearts in virtuous love." 
And on the strength of this charge, 
the hymn was attributed to the muti- 
lator. — H. B. H. in The Armory. 



THE CHURCH AND LODGE. 

(Concluded.) 

RF.V. O. M. NORLIE. 

Church and Lodge Charity Compared as 
to History. 

When we look upon the state chari- 
table institutions and the private char- 
itable organizations outside of the 
Church, we are apt to forget that it is 
due to the Church that the State and 
other secular organizations are doing 
charity work. The Church has made 
the idea of charity popular. There was 
a time when the idea was not only un- 
popular, but unknown. 

Ancient Period, 

It is a matter of history that the 
heathen world before the organization 
of the Church scarcely knew what 
charity was. Nor does the heathen 
world of today know anything about 
charity except where jZhristian missions 
have been established. The heathen is 
at all times and places a selfish man. 
You can not find among the ancients a 
single one of the institutions of mere}* 
that we have among us. An exception 
could perhaps be made as to the Roman 
hospitals for soldiers, gladiators and 
slaves. But these persons, it must be 
remembered, were protected, not because 
they were people, but because they were 
property. They were cared for as a 
valuable horse is cared for. The noble 
minded Plato could think of nothing 
better to do with beggars than to drive 
them out of the country (Uhlhorn's 
"Conflict of Christianity with Heathen- 
ism," 192). He would not permit any- 
one to take any interest in the poor 
when they were sick, would permit a 
physician to abandon without scruple a 
laboring man, as he was good for noth- 
ing except to be experimented on. Love 
was self love, and, to a small extent, fam- 
ily love. The princely gifts of con- 
querors were inspired by expectation of 
honor or support. There was little love 
to man and no organized effort to help 



the unfortunate. Over one-half of the 
white race was deeply degraded by slav- 
ery. Under the old Roman law the hus- 
band had the power of life and death 
over the wife. Woman was an inferior 
drudge or a plaything in Rome as in 
every non-civilized, every non-Christian 
civilized country before and since. There 
were secret societies in great number 
then as now, but they did not attemj^t to 
do charity work, did not think of it. 
China now is full of secret societies, but 
you must not suppose that they are in 
existence for the sake of charity. Xor 
are those in our own land organized for 
that purpose, no matter what their pre- 
tensions. Insurance under the name of 
charity does not become charity just l)c- 
cause of the name applied to it. 

It was the Christian Church that 
brought the idea of charity before the 
Avorld and commenced to practice it. 
The Father had set the example in giv- 
ing His Son ; the bon had set the ex- 
ample in giving His life for us while 
we were yet His enemies. He had com- 
manded His disciples to be charitable, 
to be merciful as the Father in Heaven 
is merciful (John 6:36), to give alms 
(Luke 12:33), to be hospitable (]\Iatt. 
10:41), to heal the sick (Matt. 10.8). to 
call the poor, the mained, the blind, to 
feast (Luke 14:13), etc. "I say unto 
you that hear," said He, ''love your ene- 
mies, do good to them that hate you. 
bless them that curse you, and pray for 
them that despitefully use you. To him 
that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer 
also the other ; and from him that taketh 
away thy cloak withhold not thy coat 
also. Give to every one that asketh 
thee ; and of him that taketh away thy 
goods ask them not again, and as }'e 
would that men should do to }'ou. do ye 
also to them likewise. For if ye love 
them that love you. what thank have ye?^ 
For even siimers love those that love 
them. And if ye do good to them that 
do good to you. wliat thank ha\c ye ?" 
For even sinners do the same" (Luke 
6:27-33). That the Christians might 
have something to give they are exhorted 
to work. Thus Paul speaks: 'T.ot him 
that stole steal no more, but rather let 
him labor, working with his hands the 
thine which is qood. that he ma\ ha^•c 
to give him that needeth" (Fph. 4:28). 



38 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



What a new Gospel of labor to those 
times — and how needful to ours as 
well ! Laboring for others — not for 
self ! Rewarded by others' happiness — 
not by selfish pursuits ! The first Chris- 
tians began to practice this principle, 
proving that the Word of God is 
profitable. Working for others, they 
learned to love one another. And the 
heathens wondered and exclaimed: "Be- 
hold, how they love one another" 
(TeruUian's "Apology," 39 in Uhlhorn). 
Had not the Master said : "A new Com- 
mandment I give unto you, that ye love 
one another ; even as I have loved you, 
that ye also love one another. By this 
shall all men know that ye are My dis- 
ciples, if ye have love one to another" 
(John 13:34-35). 

The Christian Church was (and is) a 
true fraternity, or brotherhood. The 
Christians loved one another as broth- 
ers. Plautus (died 184 B. C.) had said 
that "man is a wolf to a man he does 
not know," and the world had always 
regarded this wolfishness as right. But 
imagine the surprise with which a pagan 
said of the Christians : "They love each 
other without knowing each other" (Uhl- 
horn, 197); Fraternal love extended to 
all men, pagan as well as Christian. It 
was expressed in many ways — in wit- 
nessing about the Lord, in alms, in serv- 
ice freely given. As an example of such 
service may be cited the work of the 
Christians in Carthage, during the pesti- 
lence at the time of Cyprian. The 
heathen abandoned their sick and left 
their dead unburied, but the Christians 
picked up the dead bodies left in the 
streets and faithfully stood watch by the 
bedsides. 

Mediaeval Period. 

It would require too much space to 
trace the individual and congregational 
zeal for charity practised in the first 
three centuries and down to our day. 
When Church and State united in the 
4th century, new problems arose. Then 
the Church became officially responsible 
for the whole world in a new sense. All 
were under the charge of the State ; and 
all were under the charge of the Church. 
Think of the millions added to the house- 
hold of the Church who had no idea as 
to the meaning of Christianity. Think 
of the multitudes and their increasing 



poverty and helplessness. Think of the 
growing worldliness of the clergy, the 
weakness of a decaying empire, the 
strength of the barbarians. The Church 
is not usually given credit for having 
done any good during the 1,200 years 
of darkness and spiritual sleep, out of 
which they were called on the mornings 
of the Reformation by the gospel voice 
of Luther. Yet the Church was not 
idle. It was the busiest and strongest 
and best institution during those long 
years. It began at once to do charity 
work on a larger scale. It made charity 
institutional, established monasteries and 
hospitals by the hundreds and thousands, 
founded societies and orders, whose 
members should be poor and should 
help the poor. There was much real 
sacrifice and there was much real relief 
of suffering and want. It is only too 
true that the monasteries and orders be- 
gan to lay up riches and to be dens of 
vice and powers of iniquity. The reason 
for this corruption is briefly this : The 
congregational charities had ceased, giv- 
ing way to the institutional. Money came 
very readily and abundantly to the in- 
stitutional agencies. Doing good on ac- 
count of the constraining love of Christ 
had given way to the doctrine of merit 
by good works. But this doctrine, which 
for a time helped to build up the im- 
mense charities of the Middle Ages, was 
finally the cause of their degeneration 
and decline. Men would give a charity 
to straighten up their account with God, 
"and the huge funds thus given and be- 
stowed, instead of substantially improv- 
ing conditions, only helped to foster in- 
dolence, imposture and pauperism" 
(Ohl's "Inner Mission," 48). 

Reformation Period. 

Many of these abuses were checked 
in the Reformation lands. Correct prin- 
ciples as to charity were again taught 
and some efforts were made to follow 
them. Men were again taught that faith 
alone saves, that brotherly love and good 
works spring from a true faith, that pov- 
erty and giving are not in themselves 
virtues, that honest toil and charity are 
natural and commendable results of 
faith. Individual and congregational 
charities were again emphasized. Insti- 
tutional charities were again subjected 
to control by Church and State. The 



June. 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



39 



times were not altogether favorable to 
the advancement of institutional chari- 
ties. A century of theological con- 
troversy was followed by a century of 
cold rationalism ; a century of unrest 
completed by a 30 years' war of fearful 
devastation was followed by a century 
of poverty, temporal and spiritual. The 
conditions in Europe were not favorable 
for institutional charity until the begin- 
ning of the 19th century. There was 
no notable activity for charitable insti- 
tutions either, excepting the Francke in- 
stitutions at Halle, dating from 1698. 
Modern Period. 

The present highly organized, very ex- 
tensive institutional charity has been de- 
veloped within about 50 or 60 years. It 
has its source from within the Church, 
from the labor of men like Wichern, 
Fliedner, \^on Bodelschwingh and oth- 
ers. It has been promoted through the 
female and the male diaconate, numerous 
voluntary associations within and with- 
out the local congregation and church at 
large, official workers, copious literature 
and free will offerings. The idea of or- 
ganized charities, of institutions of char- 
ity in particular, has become popular, 
such institutions are being established by 
the State at public expense and by secu- 
lar organizations as purely humanitarian 
ventures. The Church is the source of 
the movement, not the Lodge. This is 
a historical fact. 

Everyone Can Do Charity Through the 
Church. 

Almost every time that we have had 
occasion to discuss the Lodge with any 
lodgeman we have been told that the 
Church is not doing its work of charity 
and that the Lodge is doing many times 
as much work of charity. We have at 
once answered, as we answer now, that 
the Church makes repeated calls every 
year from its pulpits and through its as- 
sociations, agents and journals for help 
in maintaining its work and extending it 
to all. Anyone who is willing to give 
has abundant opportunity to do so. He 
can give as much or as little as he desires 
to whatever object he wishes, when- 
ever and wherever he wants to. If he 
really wants to give, he may feel as- 
sured that the Church really wants to 
receive his gifts and to distribute them 
according to his wish. It is not neces- 
sary for him to go outside his Church 



to seek some organization that is will- 
ing to serve him. There is no society 
that can distribute money more wisely 
and economically than the Church does 
it. The Church follows Biblical as well 
as business principles which are prac- 
tical and right. The Church pays its 
chief agents, the pastors, only an aver- 
age of $663.00 a year ("Religious Bodies 
of the United States." 1906, I, 94), 
scarcely more than that of a day-laborer 
($621.12, Strong, 1905), probably not 
more than one-third as much as that of 
a government official. The Church has 
without doubt the cheapest professional 
trained, expert servants with the long- 
est and best training. Their prepara- 
tion at school is the longest and most 
arduous, their calling is for life. In 
1910, 27.8 per cent of the theological 
graduates were college trained, but only 
20.9 per cent of the law graduates. 8.8 
per cent of the medical, 3.5 per cent of 
the dental, and .7 per cent of the phar- 
maceutical graduates had a college edu- 
cation. (Report of Commissioner of 
Education," 1910, H, 1035, 1036. 1037, 
1040). The Church is exceptionally 
equipped for doing charity work. Why 
not place your money as a free will 
offering upon the church altars? Why 
not send it to the church treasurers? 
Why not invest in church institutions? 
Why complain every time the question 
comes up anew about taking up another 
collection or subscription for some 
church cause ? Do you not want to do 
works of charity? Do you not want the 
Church to do works of charity^ Is it 
not your duty to bring the whole tithe 
to the Lord's sanctuary as truly as it is 
your duty to bring your taxes to the 
county authorities? There is no reason 
why a man should complain of the 
neglect of the Church when he himself 
is promoting other enterprises outside 
of the Church, charitable perhaps only 
in name, or when he has tied up his 
money in insurance, minini:- investments, 
autos. etc.. so that he has nothing left for 
the Church, or when he is in fact hostile 
to the Church and its type of cliarit}-. 



THE JOY OF IT. 
"^Iv dear, every woman ought to join 
a club. It's so refreshing to blackball 
scMiiconc you don't like." — Life. 



4a 



:hristian cynosure 



June, 1915. 



LABOR UNIONS AND SOCIALISM. 

Two things are evident throughout the 
whole of Europe. The first is that the 
labor organizations are gradually uniting 
under one control and that any man of 
magnetic genius can snatch at their dic- 
tatorship. Pantand came very near do- 
ing this in France, some time ago, and 
he may do it yet. 

The second symptom is the growing 
affinity between labor unionism and So- 
cialism. Over the larger part of Europe 
an avowal of Socialism creates no com- 
ment or surprise either among rich or 
poor. Not very long ago a Socialist was 
made prime minister of France with- 
out a word of protest from any one. 
Socialism in Germany is the one supreme 
fact that keeps her statesmen awake at 
nights, while in the English House of 
Commons we find that the powerful la- 
bor party is practically synonymous with 
the Socialist party. 

In a visit to the United States a few 
years ago. Jack London, the Socialist 
leader, gave the following message to 
three thousand students in Yale College, 
New Haven : 

"When I write to a Socialist, I start 
the letter with the phrase, 'Dear Com- 
rade,' and I close the letter with the 
phrase, 'Yours for the Revolution.' That 
is the practise among 400,000 Socialists 
in the United States. There are through- 
out the civilized vv^orld 7,000,000 Social- 
ists, organized in a great international 
movement. Their purposes are the de- 
struction of burgeois society, the doing 
away with the ownership of capital, and 
with patriotism ; in brief, the overthrow 
of existing society. We shall be content 
wath nothing less than all power, with 
the possession of the whole world. The 
Socialists will wrest the power from the 
present rulers. By war, if necessary. 
Stop us if you can. 

"The grip of Socialism is tightening 
on the world. The blood-red banner will 
soon be waving wildly in all winds. This 
is not a vague uprising. The propagan- 
da is based on intelligence and on eco- 
nomic necessity. The workers as a class 
are fighting the capitalists as a class. 

"The capitalists are in the minority. 
We are in the majority. All capitalists 
are bad and all workingmen are good. 
If people object to our program because 



of the Constitution, then to hell with 
the Constitution. Yes, to hell with the 
Constitution. '•' * * Class war is our 
watchword." 

There is certainly no ambiguity in the 
above awful language, yet this is the 
philosophy which in this so-called age 
of progress is weaving its fearful spell 
around the multitudes of this continent. 
The crash is coming. He who can scan 
the future and see no breakers must 
surely be blind. — The Free Methodist. 



CHIPS. 

Money. 

Touchy subject. John 6, 60-61. 

Purses are hard to convert. Mark 
10, 21-22. 

Misers seldom are brought to repent. 
Ecc. 5, 13. 

Stinginess is usually excused as mere 
economy. Acts 5, 4. 

Study your expenditures, and you'll 
get a fair idea of your heart. Mark 12, 
41-44. 

Judge the relation between your love 
for God and yourself by your use of 
money. Haggai i, 2-5. 

But don't go only by the amount you 
used, but mostly by the joy you found 
in thus using it. 2 Cor. 9, 7. 

If we belong to God, then all that 
belongs to us belongs to God, as the 
effects of a child belong to its parents. 
Mark 25, 14-30. 

Judged by your expenditure, what da 
you love the most : Home or club, 
church or lodge, charity or liquor, mis- 
sions or dance ? Think it over. 

God be blessed, every minister knows 
some souls that love God so that their 
supreme joy is to give a little to the Lord 
for all he has given them. Acts 4, 31-37. 

But he also knows men that gave 
cheerfully $10 for themselves and wife 
to a banquet, where they could wine and 
shine, but if asked for the same amount 
for church or charity, would protest 
against "begging." Matt. 7, 16-20. 
We give thee but thine own, 
Whate'er that gift may be. 
All that we have is thine alone, 
A trust, O Lord, from thee. 

B. E. Bercesen. 

— Lutheran Herald. 



"We cannot escape history. 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



41 



FREEMASONRY NOT CONSISTENT 
WITH CHRISTIANITY. 

REV. W. V. m'NARY. 

A Foreword. 

The testimony of the United Presby- 
terian church declares "That all associa- 
tions whether formed for political or 
benevolent purposes, which impose upon 
their members an oath of secrecy, or an 
obligation to obey a code of unknown 
laws, are inconsistent with the genius and 
spirit of Christianity, and church mem- 
bers ought not to have fellowship with 
such associations." 

While the writer was pastor of the 
United Presbyterian Church of Bloom- 
ington, Indiana, in the year 1873, some 
of his Masonic friends asked him why 
he would not receive members of the 
Masonic fraternity into his church, say- 
ing, *'You ought to be able to give a rea- 
son to your belief," and adding, 'Tf you 
will preach on that subject some day we 
will go and hear what you have to say." 
That was a challenge which I could not 
refuse to meet. Accordingly I an- 
nounced that on Dec. 8, 1873, I would 
preach on Freemasonry and about thirty 
Masons came out to hear my sermon. It 
created great excitement and was so 
generally misrepresented that I found it 
necessary to publish it in self-defense. 
It was afterward published by three dif- 
ferent publishing houses and sold all 
over the country. At the request of the 
Editor of the Christian Cynosure I 
have agreed to rewrite it. These arti- 
cles were not intended as an attack upon 
members of the lodge, many of whom 
are my warm personal friends, and many 
of them sincere Christians — strange as 
that fact appears to me. We desire only 
to discuss the character of the order. 
We believe that the most charitable way 
to account for the fact that good men 
are in the order is that they join it with- 
out investigating its character or his- 
tory, I know this to be true of many of 
its members. But, says the Masonic 
brother, what do you know about it? 
It is a secret order and its secrets are 
only known to its own members. The 
reply to that is this, there are no secrets 
concerning the history, character, ritual 
or secret workings of the order, but 
what have been many times revealed and 
published by most reliable former mem- 



bers of the lodge. In September, 1826, 
Capt. Wm. ]\ I organ of l>atavia, N. Y., 
was killed by the Masons because it was 
known that he had written a revelation 
of Masonic secrets. Mis death was in 
accordance with Alasonic oath whicli re- 
quires the death of any members who 
reveal its secrets. The death of Mor- 
gan caused a great excitement and John 
Ouincy Adams, in his letters, asserts 
that in consequence of the indignation 
caused by this murder alxjul 45,000 out 
of 50,000 Masons in this country left 
the order, and none of them ever denied 
the truth of Morgan's exposition, which 
was published after his death. As a re- 
sult of this excitement an antimasonic 
political party was formed and was sup- 
ported by such men as Thadeus Stevens, 
Daniel Webster, W. H. Seward, Henry 
Dana Ward. A large company of these 
seceding Masons met in convention and 
by resolution endorsed and substantiated 
Morgan's revelation. In 1829 Rev. 
David Barnard — one of the first of 
these seceding Masons — wrote a book, 
"Light on Masonry," in which he gives 
the whole history of the order and re- 
veals all its secrets, oaths, grips, signs 
and ritual. The Rev. C. G . Finney. 
D. D., for many years president of Ober- 
lin College, and one of the most godl\- 
of men, a third-degree Mason, wrote a 
book called, "The Character, Claims and 
Practical Workings of Freemasonry," 
in which he justifies his course in leav- 
ing the order on the ground that it was 
not consistent with Christianit}-. Then 
about 1874 Edmond Ronayne, who was 
Master of Keystone Lodge, Xo. 639, 
Chicago, Illinois, became converted at 
one of Moody's revival meetings and at 
once decided that a man cannot be a 
consistent Christian and a Mason. He 
came out and renounced the order, de- 
livered antimasonic lectures o\er the 
country, and wrote and ])ublished a 
"Thorough ]{x])osition of All the Signs. 
(jrij)s. Pass-words and Hieroglyphics of 
iM-eemasonry." ,\n}' of these books can 
be purchased from the Ciiristi.xn 
Cynosure office, 850 \\'est Madison 
street. Chicago. There are no secrets in 
Freemasonr}' that an}- person may not 
know, except the actions of the various 
lodges. .\n\- ])erson can. bv reading 
these l)Ooks, know more about Free- 



42 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



masonry than the average member of 
the order knows. 

The History of Freemasonry. 

r^Iasonic writers and speakers usually 
speak of their order as the ancient and 
honorable order of Freemasons. We 
want to show that in its origin it is 
neither ancient nor honorable. They tell 
us that Solomon was a most excellent 
Grand ^Master, that Hiram, King of 
Tyre, was a ^Master Mason, that the 
Apostle John was a distinguished patron 
of the order, and in order to deceive the 
unwary they observe "St. John's day." 
They claim that INIasonry existed in the 
time of Closes and that symbols of 
]\Iasonry have been found in the most 
ancient temples. In Finney on Masonry, 
page 171, you will find the following 
quotation : 

"Dr. Dalcho, the compiler of the book 
of constitutions for South Carolina, 
says : 'Neither Adam nor Noah, nor 
Nimrod, nor Moses, nor Joshua, nor 
David, nor Solomon, nor Hiram, nor St. 
John the Baptist, nor St. John the 
Evang'elist, were Freemasons. Hypothe- 
sis in history is absurd. There is no 
record sacred or profane, to induce us 
to believe that these holy men were 
Freemasons ; and our traditions do not 
go back to those days. To assert that 
they were Freemasons may make the 
vulgar start, but will rather excite the 
contempt than the admiration of the 
wise." 

There have been stone masons ever 
since men built stone or brick walls and 
there have been stone masons guilds or 
societies from time immemorial, just as 
there have been guilds of bakers and car- 
penters and many other crafts. Some 
of these guilds in order to extend their 
influence received prominent men as 
free members, or, as we would say, 
honorary members — that is, they had 
the freedom of the lodges, many of 
which were secret — so there were free 
masons for many years before Free- 
masonry ever existed. At the time of 
the ^ilorgan excitement Henry Dana 
Ward delivered an address on the his- 
tory of Freemasonry, which is pre- 
served in ''Light on Masonry," page 16, 
from which we quote : "During this 
period the Rosicrucian pretentions were 
seeking, like a troubled spirit, for some 



resting place. The age was one of the 
most extravagant speculation ; and moved 
by a strange desire of fame and money 
and conviviality, four companies of stone 
masons, who were left of those who had 
been associated in building the proud 
edifices of London after the fire of 1666, 
met the lodge that had worked on St. 
Paul's church being at the head and 
formed the Grand Lodge of London in 
February and elected their officers 
June 24, 17 1 7. With a view to fill up 
their ranks and increase their import- 
ance, they voted to accept men of 
other trades and professions as mem- 
bers of the Society." There is no doubt 
but what that was the origin of the or- 
der of Free and Accepted Masons. In 
accordance with this Ree's Cyclopedia 
says, "The members of the only four 
lodges at that time existing in London 
met at Apple Tree tavern in Charles 
street. Convent Garden, and, having 
voted the oldest A/Iaster Mason present 
into the chair, constituted themselves 
a Grand Lodge pro tempore." As all 
these London taverns were drinking 
places. Dr. Jonathan Blanchard, presi- 
dent of Wheaton College, used to say, 
"Freemasonry was born in a whiskey 
saloon in London in 171 7." The first 
book of Constitutions of this Grand 
Lodge was written by two men of whom 
Henry Dana Ward says, "Anderson and 
Desaguliers, a Scotchman and a French- 
man, men of low character and a base 
spirit, were the first men who published 
to the world the high pretensions of 
Freemasonry, whose Book of Constitu- 
tions of Masonry was ushered from the 
press, A. D. 1723. All the Masonic 
lodges in the world derive their war- 
rants from this first Grand Lodge. In 
1730 the Grand Lodge of Ireland was 
established. In 1729 Freemasonry was 
introduced into the East Indies. In 1731 
a patent was sent from England to erect 
a lodge at the Hague. In 1733 Free- 
masonry established itself in North 
America at Boston. In 1736, at Cape 
Coast in Africa and at Geneva in Switz- 
erland, and the same year the first 
Grand Master was elected in Scotland." 
"So," says Henry Dana Ward, "the 
triple-headed monster went around the 
world in its teens." (See Edinburgh 
Enc. and Light on Masonry, page 17.) 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



43 



If there was no history of Masonry 
the name and nomenclature of Masonry 
designates infalhbly its age and birth- 
place. The phraseology of Masonry is 
distinctly English or Anglo-Saxon. The 
words free, Mason, Warden, worshipful, 
grand, steward, tyler, lodge, fellow, craft 
are all Anglo-Saxon — not one of them 
was ever derived from Hebrew, Greek 
or Latin, and it carries its name and 
phraseology by translation into all the 
languages of the nations where it is 
Tvuown. Its pretentions of antiquity 
•carry the earmarks of fraud. For in- 
stance, the killing of Hiram Abiff, 
which, it is claimed, took place at the 
l^uilding of Solomon's temple, was done 
by three ruffians with Latin names, 
Jebela, Jeblo and Jebelum, a thousand 
years before the Latin language was 
ever known. We challenge the institu- 
tion to produce the name Freemasonry 
in any book, paper or hieroglyphics in 
any language prior to the year 1717. 
That this institution should travel 
around the world with its native Anglo- 
Saxon brogue upon its tongue claiming 
to have been born in Palestine 3,000 
years ago is presuming amazingly upon 
the credulity of an enlightened age. In- 
stead of being an ancient and honorable 
institution, it is a modern institution 
-with nothing in its history or antecedents 
to commend it to Christian people. 



Frye is expected to begin work in Sep- 
tember. 



COMMENCEMENT AT WHEATON. 

The Rev. J. U. Selwyn Toms, a grad- 
uate of Wheaton College in the class of 
1905, who has been serving for the last 
six or seven years in Korea, is on fur- 
lough in this country and expects to at- 
tend the commencement exercises at the 
college June nth to 17th. He will prob- 
ably be one of the speakers at the mis- 
sionary meeting on Sabbath, June 13th. 

Rev. Dr. Conrad of the Park St. 
Church, Boston, Mass., a trustee of the 
•college, has agreed to preach the Bac- 
calaureate sermon before the graduating 
-class. Dr. Conrad is one of the great 
preachers of our age. Those who plan 
to hear him will do themselves a favor. 

Prof. Helmick, who has been with us 
three years in the college chemistry work, 
finds it advisable to change his field of 
labor, and the college has appointed Mv. 
Royal M. Frye as his successor. Mr. 



THE CRUX OF MASONRY. 
REV. J. B. GALLOWAY. 

What is it that makes you a Mason? 
My obligation. This stands l^etween his 
darkness and his light ; above all things, 
therefore, the oath should be scrutinized. 
In every degree it is introduced by the 
master after this manner: 'Tt now be- 
comes my duty to administer to you an 
oath, and I assure you as a man and a 
Mason that there is nothing in it that 
will interfere with your duties to your- 
self, your family, your country or your 
God. Are }ou willing to proceed?" 
Here I would say, stop for how do you 
know what my opinions may be in re- 
gard to these varied duties? Am I to 
conceal from my family the contents of 
this obligation and others things I may 
here learn ? Can I be loyal to two gov- 
ernments when in principle they con- 
flict with each other? Can I be true to 
the higher law and swear to always con- 
ceal and never reveal the secrets of 
Masonry, and then try to make God a 
partner to the oath by this prayer, viz. : 
"So help me, God, and keep me stead- 
fast in the due performance of the 
same." In other words, can I deny my- 
self or anyone else the right of re- 
pentance or change of mind, when "God 
has commanded all men everywhere to 
repent?" Can any man, without sin, 
trample under his feet the decalogue, 
especially the third and sixth command- 
ments, which are clearly broken bv the 
penalties diabolically set forth in each 
and every degree of the order? From 
whence then are these oaths ? Thev can- 
not l)e of God. They must, therefore, 
be from Satan or "the God of this 
world," "the spirit that now workcth in 
the children of disobedience" (l-^ph. 
2:2). ''Who then hath required these 
things at }our hands" — is it Masonr\-. 
or the God of Masonry? It would be 
like Satan, the deceiver, to load men to 
pray against themselves. e\on to tlic de- 
nial of the doctrine of ropciuanco. O. 
brethren, let u>- "in the love of the Spirit" 
beseech men everywhere to abstain from 
all appearance of evil and let us not grow 
weary in well doing. "The Lord will 
bruise Satan under \oin- feet shortlw" 



44 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



AN AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. 

BY A. J. MILLARD. 
183O-I915. 

[Mr. ]Millard died at the famil}^ residence 
in Little Rock, Ark., on April 24, 1915.— 
Editor.] 

I was born in Jefferson County, 
Xew York, November 9, 1830. Before 
my recollection my parents moved to 
Y'ates County, about 30 miles south of 
Canandaguia. I can recollect when An- 
drew Jackson was president. The anti- 
IMasonic excitement was at its height 
when I was a small boy. I remember 
distinctly of seeing some plasterers at 
work across the street from my home 
dressed in white clothing and white caps. 
I asked my mother what sort of men 
they were. With a twinkle In her eye 
she said they were Masons. I did not 
need any advice to stay inside my home. 
When ]\Iartin Van Buren was presi- 
dent I was a school boy. In 1841 my 
parents moved to Montgomery County, 
40 miles west of Albany, in order to take 
care of my mother's aged father, who 
was a soldier of the War of the Revolu- 
tion. I have heard my grandfather tell 
about seeing Major Andre hanged and 
many other tales of that war. In 1853 I 
moved to Iowa, settling in Clinton Coun- 
ty, and entered on 200 acres of land. I 
came to Little Rock, Ark., just before 
the close of the Civil War. 

About 21 years ago I visited my uncle, 
Philo Millard, back in New York state. 
Our conversation during the visit was 
often on Masonry, and as I was an anti- 
Mason from birth, it did not take much 
time to excite my opposition to a flame. 
On leaving for home he gave me Elder 
Stearns' "Inquiry Into Masonry." My 
astonishment was great that professed 
Christians and especially preachers would 
belong to such an institution. The oaths 
were indeed appalling. 

I commenced my antisecret work by 
getting tracts and putting them into the 
hands of every man that I saw wearing 
the square and compass. I gave to the 
library of Ouachita College an anti- 
secrecy library of five of our best books, 
and bound volumes of the Christian 
Cynosure since it has been published in 
monthly form. They occupy a conspic- 
uous place in the library, and a sign, 
Anti-secret Literature, is posted so_ all 
can see it. I had not thought previous 



to this time that I was called to preach, 
but now I began going to small country 
churches and supplying them without 
salary. 

I must not forget my conversion which 
took place at a protracted meeting in 
Iowa, in my twenty-third year. I went 
to the mourner's bench for two weeks, 
having a deep conviction of sin. At last 
relief came and the burden of my sin 
was gone, and Jesus Christ was my Re- 
deemer. I knew that I was saved. 

After 20 years with the Baptists I 
had to leave them for conscience's sake, 
and take my stand with the Holiness 
Baptists. I bought a lot of the heirs of 
the Mason, Albert Pike, thirty-third de- 
gree. The family all lived in Washing- 
ton, D. C, except his wife, who resided 
in Little Rock, deserted by the whole 
family. My little girl about six years 
old was often company for her. She 
died all alone and her son came from 
Washington and had her buried in the 
family lot in Little Rock. 

The Albert Pike Consistory has had 
their building here made double its for- 
mer size to accommodate the growing 
demands for the worshippers of this 
false religion. Directly across the street 
stands the Second Baptist church edifice, 
the pastor of which is a Mason, and so 
is the larger part of the male members. 
On Easter Sunday it has been given over 
to the Knight Templars to have their 
yearly gathering, and its mixed worship 
of saints and Templars was such as Paul 
speaks of in i Cor. 10: 20-21. There is 
also the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine 
building, erected at a cost of $20,000. 
The Knights of Pythias have their $50,- 
000 building, and the Elks have com- 
pleted and occupied a magnificent build- 
ing costing $80,000. 

I may say as Paul did, when his spirit 
was stirred within him when he saw the 
city wholly given to idolatry (Acts 
17:16), if any place on this earth needs 
the pure gospel preached, I think it is 
Little Rock, Ark. Well, bless God, I 
am still in the work, and 

^'Singing I go along life's road. 
For Jesus has lifted my load." 



Strong convictions and undying devo- 
tion to them are essential to great suc- 
cess in any undertaking. 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



45 



lEittoml 



AN ILL-DEFINED TERM. 

In lodge cant it is commonly claimed 
that a secret order is "Founded on the 
Bible." So is profanity. Not much 
profane language consists of other than 
Bible words. Perhaps rather more com- 
pletely than lodgery, profanity is found- 
ed on the Bible. Nevertheless, the os- 
tensible implication of this cant is that 
there is a good degree of identity be- 
tween lodgery and Christianity. If 
possible, morals share the same implica- 
tion rather more fully. Yet when lodge 
doctrine and Christian doctrine are put 
side by side, resemblance fades, diver- 
gence begins to appear, and finally mu- 
tual opposition becomes the prevailing 
tint. No longer appearing identical, the 
two kinds of teaching are found incom- 
patible. Each excludes the other. By 
lodgery, Christianity is ignored ; by 
Christianity, that foe of Christ is con- 
demned. When in their turn the two 
systems of morals are compared, they 
are likewise found not identical but in- 
compatible. Compared with Christian 
morals, lodge morality appears rank im- 
morality. It is Masonically moral to 
protect and aid criminals, but Masonic- 
ally immoral to be always honorable and 
righteous toward government, society, 
and individual men. Masonry adopts 
the sentiment, "Evil be thou my good." 

Yet the orders continue to chant the 
same old graphophone refrain, "Found- 
ed on the Bible, founded on the Bible." 
The fact is that the judgment of those 
who thoughtlessly or fanatically advocate 
the societies cannot be trusted, and 
should not be acted upon. Moreover, 
not all members care what they say only 
so they blind outsiders. The Jesuit or- 
der is not the only one given to Jesuitical 
methods. So long as either class contin- 
ues to reiterate the familiar cant, we are 
free to reiterate the familiar advice, 
"Look before you leap," and to ask how 
the word "founded" is defined. 



character and useful labors make their 
adherence to a wicked system an over- 
whelming surprise. Like Aaron, they 
make a Golden Calf in the camp of Is- 
rael and before the solemn mountain 
where the Divine presence is manifest- 
ed. How does any Masonic minister 
face a congregation containing men 
who know that he is sworn to conceal 
crimes as diligently as the perpetrators 
themselves? If the order had no other 
disgraceful secret to keep, it should still 
wish to hide this one, if only for shame. 
For by this obligation common decency 
is outraged ; conscientious judgment of 
one's own duty is renounced ; while so- 
ciety and the state, honor and civiliza- 
tion and religion are together con- 
temned. Y^et it is not unknown ; in the 
congregation are those who have heard 
the disgraceful oath in the lodge, and 
who see in the pulpit one who defends 
and promotes the infamy. We are fain 
to think that these leaders of the blind 
are themselves strangely blind and 
would not deny them a possible appli- 
cation of the prayer, "Father forgive 
them, for they know not what they do."' 
Nevertheless, here is an anomaly hard 
to comprehend. 



UNSEEING EYES. 

Strong delusion that they should be- 
lieve a lie, seems strangely to possess 
the minds of some men whose Christian 



A WEAK REFUGE. 

Advanced age and consequent inabil- 
ity or reluctance to visit a lodge, is the 
excuse brought forward to account for 
Washington's never presiding in the one 
at Alexandria. That lodge paradoxi- 
cally preserves its chair as a relic of 
Washington, while its order explains 
that he never sat in it because he was 
so old. W^ashington himself was not 
feeble but this explanation is. At the 
age of 52 he was made honorary mem- 
ber — nominal merely, and not real, b^our 
years later, at 56, he was in like manner 
honorary and merely nominal master for 
one year during which he continued to 
attend lodge meetings nowhere. This is 
the year to which the explanation ap- 
plies. At 56 he was too old. 

A few brief questions are now in 
point. Do all ^lasons drop lodge at- 
tendance at 56? Was it his custom to 
accept oftice and not discharge its du- 
ties? Is it easier to preside over the 
L^nited States eiiiht vears, besrinnincr at 
57, than over a local lodge one year 



46 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



at 56 ? How could he ride around his 
plantation on horseback at 68, and not 
from ]\It. A'ernon to Alexandria, when 
12 years younger, at 56? If he could 
not sit in the famous lodge chair a single 
evening, how dared he, a decade later, 
become lieutenant general of the mili- 
tary forces of America, accepting the 
appointment for the sole reason that the 
country appeared to be on the verge of a 
war with France? 

He lived 12 years after that one to 
which the futile explanation has been 
applied, and was never decrepit nor 
senile. Still the chief military figure of 
America, he ended his life while the 
French war cloud hung over his nation 
and Xapoleon Bonaparte was stepping 
into the imperial rank of First Consul.- 
Yet twelve years earlier, he could not 
endure the onerous "child's play," as he 
styled it, of a subordinate lodge. Those 
who credit so lame an explanation of his 
admitted absence from the chair, lay 
themselves far more open to a charge of 
something even feebler than senility. 



ONLY HALF MORAL. 

"The adulterer and the adulteress 
shall surely be put to death," was the 
Levitical sentence when "Thou shalt not 
commit adultery" was the Sinaitic law. 
AVritten on stone, this had already been 
from the beginning an unwritten law. 
Something like it is observed even in the 
animal creation. Man is admonished by 
the purity of birds living above earth in 
the clear air and light of heaven. In the 
Christian world this unwritten instinct 
and written statute becomes a law writ- 
ten on the heart. Moral purity is a 
fundamental element of Christian mor- 
ality. Its violation is exclusion from 
Christian life. "They which do such 
things shall not inherit the kingdom of 
God," such things as have been enumer- 
ated as "works of the flesh," in a list 
beginning with ''adultery." Our Lord's 
own teaching searched the very thought 
and intent of the heart. The wildest 
and fondest dream of romance can set 
no finer or higher standard of ideal pur- 
ity. The Christian law is perfect. 

Nothing can vary from anything per- 
fect except by being imperfect. It can- 
not be better than best. Therefore no 
space is left for superiority or even 



equality. Equality disappears, resolved 
into identity. A perfect law is equaled 
only by itself. Therefore, when Mason- 
ry is set beside Christianity as a perfect 
system of morals, it is necessarily an- 
nounced as that identical system. Then 
it includes chastity, for otherwise it 
would be less complete and so not iden- 
tical. Including chastity, it must include 
the identically perfect standard of that 
virtue. Through phraseology and 
through execution identity becomes evi- 
dent when it exists. Phraseology indi- 
cates quality, execution demonstrates it. 
All good laws bear the test of effective 
application. 

We will apply the test of actual op- 
eration to this law in the case of two 
men, one a Christian and the other a 
Mason. The Christian keeps Christian 
law. Incidentally, he is amenable to its 
secondary operation in church disci- 
pline. The Mason keeps Masonic law, 
amenable to lodge discipline. As we have 
singled out each man we select likewise 
two women, one of whom is a near rel- 
ative of some Mason. The Christian 
observes moral law equally with regard 
to both ; the Mason violates it with the 
woman who is not a Mason's relative. 
For that crime the church would have 
excluded the Christian ; but the lodge 
cannot expel the Mason, for he has not 
broken any Masonic moral requirement. 
Neither in terms nor in effect are Chris- 
tian law and Masonic law identical. 
Christian law is perfect, Masonic law 
is imperfect or worse. At the best, 
Freemasonry is only half moral. 



POSSIBLY UNCONSCIOUS REBUKE. 

We suspect that the editor of a rather 
brilliant organ of an evangelical denom- 
ination was only half aware of the width 
of the swath he was cutting, and was 
oblivious to Freemasonry, when he pub- 
lished a paragraph headed "The faces to 
the east," and spoke of "mystic and 
empty cults" sought by "poor deluded 
souls of the modern world." Of course 
the prophetic reference is to the eighth 
chapter of Ezekiel. 

"The Faces to the East : — The Prophet 
Ezekiel was astonished as he entered the 
sanctuary, to notice that some of those 
whom he expected to find busy with their 
holy ministries had turned their backs to 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



47 



the temple of God and had set their faces 
toward the east. Were he to come to 
America at the present time, how many 
of those who have taken the name of 
Christ upon their lips would he see as- 
suming the same attitude, with their 
backs turned toward the temple of evan- 
gelical truth and their eager faces to- 
ward the mystic and empty cults of East- 
ern religious teachers ? Poor priests ! 
How soon they came to grief in those 
early days. Poor deluded, wandering 
souls of the modern world ; how soon 
they will drink the cup of woe to its 
depth, and find bitterness and poison in 
it all!" 



IS MASONIC THE WORD? 

One of its ''Editorial comments on 
current events'' in the JVatclnnan-Ex- 
aniiner of January 22, is this : "Ar- 
kansas has a prohibitory law that went 
into effect January i, and that has some 
peculiar and effective and sensible pro- 
visions. All the saloons in the state 
were closed at midnight on December 
31. To obtain a license to open a sa- 
loon hereafter a petition to the county 
judge must be signed by a majority of 
all the adult citizens in the community, 
men and women, and the names of the 
signers must be printed twice in some 
local paper. There are many persons 
who might sign a petition for a saloon ; 
but to have their names published as 
having done so is a different matter. 
The Masonic grand lodge of the State 
has declared it a Masonic offense to sign 
a petition for a saloon, and many 
churches have declared that such an act 
would lead to expulsion." We fully 
agree with the IVatchman-Examiner 
that the new state law has peculiar pro- 
visions, and that these are obviously 
sensible and effective. We also wish it 
the felicity of adding at no remote time, 
that it can now withdraw the word 
"peculiar," since other states have fol- 
lowed the example. 

We purposely avoid confusing the 
query to which we now turn, as we 
might seem to confuse it if we touched 
certain other possible questions relating 
at least to churches. The point we do 
not wish to avoid is already stated in the 
words "Declared a Masonic offense." 
To declare is not necessarily to make. 



For example: a famous Roman Catholic 
council declared the Pope, when speak- 
ing ex cathedra in full pastoral activity, 
to be, thus far, Infallible. Or, again: 
the council declared his ex cathedra ut- 
terances Irreformable — that is, beyond 
reach of alteration ; not subject or liable 
to possible change of form. Xow in 
that case the declaration was an an- 
nouncement of what must have already 
existed in the nature of the case if it 
existed at all. It was like the declara- 
tion of the Copernican system of the 
universe. It was analogous to that ele- 
ment in the declaration of independence 
which declares, as preliminary to its 
conclusion, that all men are born with 
inalienable rights, among which arc 
some specifically named. The declara- 
tion did not profess to create any fun- 
damental right, but it attributed all such 
as it named to the true Creator. This 
was pure declaration. Paul declared 
that Creator himself to the Athenians at 
Mars Hill. 

We have thus dwelt on one definition 
of the word declare, for the particular 
reason that its use in the Editorial Com- 
ment which we quoted seems liable to 
have the effect of such a construction on 
many minds. While it is nevertheless 
true that some might, instead of this, 
understand that a new rule has been 
made by the grand lodge of Arkansas, 
affecting of course only the subordinate 
lodges of its own jurisdiction, and not 
founded on any fundamental or univer- 
sal Masonic principle, yet, at the same 
time, the use of the adjective "Masonic" 
might impress others in connoting some- 
thing Masonically universal, if duly rec- 
ognized. This would make the declara- 
tion analogous to the declaration of 
Papal infallibility, or the declaration of 
the inalienable rights of man. 

In point of actual fact it bears no such 
character. The Arkansas declaration 
])ertains to no outside territorw It cov- 
ers no history, and has no existence 
looking or reaching back of the year 
1913 or 1914. It is directly rooted in 
no Masonic obligation wiiich has been 
taken by initiates during the two hun- 
dred years of grand lodge mastnirw with 
its universally recognized sanction of 
the custom of going "h>om labor to re- 
freshment." It is, even now, strictlv 



48 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



contined to the act of signing a request 
for the opening of a pubhc saloon. Yet, 
where ]\Iasonry is concerned, inferences 
are so easily drawn and claims so readily 
expanded, that the construction which 
we deprecate is almost to be expected. 
For this reason, we might wish that 
more guarded language had been pru- 
dently chosen. Far too much seems im- 
plied by so general a term as "Masonic 
offense." 



THE WICKEDNESS AND FOLLY OF 
PROFANITY. 

One of the amazing things in Free- 
masonry is its power to blind men to the 
senselessness and wickedness of its pro- 
fanity and sacrilege. How some men 
can endure the foolish and criminal 
words and actions over which a veil of 
sanctimonious hypocrisy is thrown in 
the form of a fixed ritual, is hard to un- 
derstand. The every day profanity of 
many men is also like "a tale told by an 
idiot — full of sound and fury, signifying 
nothing." Like this the various profan- 
ations of the lodge also seem well nigh 
idiotic. Hence it is harder to understand 
how men otherwise sensible can show 
attachment to what Washington stigma- 
tized as "child's play." 

Of profanity in general, an able edi- 
tor says what throws startling light on 
lodge profanity in particular. These 
are his vigorous and merited words : "A 
man of refinement can scarcely v/alk the 
streets of a modern city without having 
his sense of decency shocked by sense- 
less oaths and imprecations. The pro- 
fane man turns speech into cursing, and 
before his time 'rehearses the dialect of 
hell.' The profane use of sacred words 
is man's method of expressing mere an- 
imal rage. Men do not think of the 
crime that they are committing when 
they call down the curse of God on their 
fellows. How blasphemous, how infa- 
mous, how senseless, how idiotic it is 
for a tongue set on fire of hell to invoke 
the curses of heaven upon man or beast 
or thing or circumstance of life ! 

'Tt is passing strange that men of ed- 
ucation, social culture and apparent re- 
finement are found often in the ranks of 
profane swearers. A writer in the North 
American Review well says: Tndeed, 
in hearing some men swear the hearer is 



almost converted to the old doctrine of 
demoniac possession. What most im- 
presses us is the utter senselessness, the 
pure insanity of his curses and maledic- 
tions, for it is the Almighty that this 
lump of animated dirt blasphemes.' 

''The saddest thing about profanity is 
that it becomes so habitual that men act- 
ually use profane words without the 
consciousness that they are doing so. 
Yet they will offer this fact, this shame- 
ful fact that they have turned over their 
lips to the Evil One, as an apology for 
their profanity. Another sad fact about 
profanity is that it is infectious, and 
young and old are influenced by it. It is 
degrading to the individual, it is degrad- 
ing to the community, morally, aesthet- 
ically, intellectually. It is a nuisance 
and pest to the ears, just as vile odors 
are an off"ense to the nostrils, just as 
filth is an offense to the eyes. Instead 
of affording a vent for strong feelings, 
it creates yet stronger feelings. The 
more a man swears the angrier he gets. 
Profanity is inexcusable. It is unpar- 
donable. It is the evidence of coarse- 
ness of grain and sinfulness of heart.'' 



LODGE DESTROYS RITUALS. 

A fresh sample of lodge watchfulness 
and persecution is given in a letter from 
a friend ordering our books. Postmas- 
ters are often used as spies for the lodge 
and complaints to Washingtn do not 
seem to abate the nuisance. This is a 
rather unusual case, however, in that the 
lodge compelled our correspondent to 
turn over to it his antisecret library to 
be destroyed. It reminds one of the days 
of papal persecution, when the Bible was 
confiscated and burned. It has its source 
in the same spirit of intolerant bigotry 
which actuated men in the former days. 
Our friend writes : 'In sending mail here 
send it in a plain zi.rrapper, as people are 
watching for secret society books and 
papers and if they suspicion that any one 
has any in his possession, the secret so- 
cieties set up a kind of persecution 
against them, as I know from personal 
experience. I ordered some rituals from 
your firm some time ago and the post- 
master at informed against me, and 

in order to get the secret orders to abate 
their harassment, I let them have the 
books and they destroyed them." 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



49 



Utm of @ut Woxk 



ANNUAL MEETING. 

The Annual Meeting of the National 
Christian Association was held at the 
Carpenter Building, 850 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, Monday forenoon, May 
17, at 10:30 o'clock. The attendance 
was large, all things considered, and 
there were a number present whose 
names and faces are familiar to the many 
friends of this reform. 

It was a matter of special note and 
thanksgiving that the Carpenter Building 
is again entirely devoted to Christian 
work ; the entire building, with the ex- 
ception of that part occupied by the Na- 
tional Christian Association, being used 
for a missionary enterprise by the City 
Mission of the Christian Reformed 
Churches of Chicago. Through the cour- 
tesy of the officers of the City Mission 
we were permitted to hold our meeting 
in the mission hall. 

We all rejoiced in the returning health 
of General Secretary Phillips. W^hil-^^ 
not quite up to his old-time vigor, his 
recovery seems to be as speedy as could 
be hoped for and if God continues to 
bless we may expect many more years 
of service from him. 

President William Stuart occuoied the 
chair. Reverend Mr. Stuart has been a 
valued member of the Board of Direc- 
tors for the past year, and we regret that 
his removal to a Michigan charge will 
dei:»rive us of his services. 

Rev. E. B. Stewart was missed from 
the meeting. His removal in April to 
Alabama ended a number of years of 
faithful and efficient service on our 
Board of Directors. Reverend Mr. Stew- 
art served one year as president of our 
association. 

Secretary Phillips gave an interesting 
and comprehensive account of the work 
done during the past year. Secretary 
Stoddard reported on the work in the 
East and reports of the wSouthern work 
were read from Agent Davidson and 
Mrs. Lizzie Woods Roberson. 

Rev. D. S. Warner is our new pres- 
ident, and Rev. J. H. B. Williams is vice- 
president. W. L Phillips was re-elected 
general secretary and treasurer. The 
board of directors has the same per- 



sonnel as last year excepting that Mr. 
Herman A. Fischer, Jr., and Rev. James 
M. Moore were elected to fill the vacan- 
cies previously mentioned. 

The outlook for the coming year is en- 
couraging. Secretary Stoddard will 
prosecute the work in the East and Agent 
Davidson and Mrs. Roberson in the 
South. Secretary i^hillips expects to 
spend more of his time than heretofore 
on the field, which ought materially to 
increase the financial support gi\en tliis 
reform. 



ANNUAL CONVENTION. 
Secretary's Report. 

The Forty-seventh Annual Confer- 
ence of the National Christian Associa- 
tion, held with the Church of the 
Brethren in Flora, Indiana, opened Fri- 
day evening, April 30th, with devotional 
exercises conducted by Rev. C. C. Ford 
of the local M. E. Church. In the ab- 
sence of General Secretary Wm. L 
Phillips, Sec. W. B, Stoddard acted as 
Moderator. 

Rev. L C. Suavely, Pastor of the 
Church of the Brethren at Flora, oave 
the address of welcome. He spoke of 
the great importance and advantage of 
Christian people, of all denominations 
uniting wherever possible to oppose 
every form of evil. He urged a thor- 
ough investigation into the truth about 
secrecy that we may know what is right 
ourselves and how to be of help to oth- 
ers. 

Rev. Mr. Stoddard responded in a 
well chosen acceptance of the welcome 
into the Flora church, and referred to 
the work and purpose of the Associatio: 
— to exalt the Christ. The lodge sys- 
tem, he said, is a work of men. an in- 
ferior imitation of the Church which 
Christ established in the world. What- 
ever good there is in the lodge needs no 
secrecy, while the mixing of the evil 
with the good only results in making the 
good evil. The lodge appeals to the 
carnal rather than to the spiritual na- 
ture of man. A lodge never was known 
to hold a ])ra\er meeting, for a prayer 
meeting would break up any lodge in 
existence. 

The second session of the Conference 
was held on Saturday morning and the 
devotional exercises were led bv Rev. 



50 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



]\Ir. Stanley of the United Brethren 
Church of North Grove, Indiana. Rev. 
O. P. Haines, pastor of the Church of 
the Brethren at Cerro Gordo, Illinois, 
was chosen for Moderator. 

A large number of letters were re- 
ceived from friends in many parts of the 
United States — from Massachusetts to 
California — whose hearts are in the 
work of the Association, but who could 
not be present. Extracts were read, 
which showed a widespread interest in 
the Conference. 

The opening address was given by 
Rev. G. A. Pegram of the Wesleyan 
]\Iethodist Church, of Peru, Indiana, on 
"Lodge Obligations." In every secret 
society oath, he said, there are four 
points to be observed. The obligation 
to secrecy, which is contrary to the 
Bible and destroys the frankness and 
confidence that should exist between hus- 
band and wife ; the obligation to abso- 
lutely obey the superiors in the lodge, 
which works in opposition to the best in- 
terests of the family ; the obligation to 
partiality, which is unjust and unscrip- 
tural, and the penalty attached to every 
obligation, which is sometimes expressed 
but always implied. The lodge member 
is bound under penalty to consider his 
lodge obligation above every church or 
civil duty. 

Rev. Mr. Stoddard then answered a 
number of questions that had been 
raised about the work of the National 
Christian Association, opposed to secret 
societies. The speaker's wide experience 
enables him to meet these questions in 
a most skillful manner. 

The afternoon session was opened by 
a Seceder's Conference. Eld. O. P. 
Haines, of the Church of the Brethren, 
Cerro Gordo, Illinois, presented a dia- 
gram giving a vivid description of the 
initiation into the Junior Order of 
United American Mechanics. His de- 
scription brought out very clearly the 
mental cruelty imposed upon the appli- 
cant by the performance. Mr. T. U. 
Reed, of Chicago, followed with a 
graphic description of the initiation into 
the Modern Woodmen of America. Rev. 
Mr. Stoddard showed a catalogue of 
Modern Woodman supplies wherein are 
advertised for sale every piece of ap- 



paratus, to which the speakers referred 
in their description of the initiations. 

A call was made and ten people stood 
as an expression that they had belonged 
to secret orders and had left them for 
Jesus' sake, and a number gave the rea- 
sons why they left the lodge. 

The evening session was presided 
over by Rev. Mead A. Kelsey, pastor of 
the Eriends Church at Spiceland, In- 
diana. The devotional exercises were 
led by Rev. A. M. Hagenbuch, pastor of 
the M. E. Church at Bringhurst, Indiana. 

Rev. L. V. Harrell of Grand Junc- 
tion, Michigan, Presiding Elder of the 
United Brethren Church, opened the 
session with an instructive address on 
*'How to Use Exposures." Strong em- 
phasis was placed upon the fact that the 
secrets and rituals of the lodges are 
available. Elder Harrell recited some 
of his experiences in dealing with lodge 
men, which showed clearly that excel- 
lent results can be obtained by a strong 
stand against the works of darkness. 

Pres. Chas. A. Blanchard, of Wheaton, 
Illinois, discussed the subject of the 
"Civil Government and Lodges." He 
said that God has established three 
institutions, the home, the church and 
the state, and that the lodge is the an- 
tagonist of each of these divine institu- 
tions. Special emphasis was placed 
upon the fact that Freemasonry is con- 
tinually thwarting the cause of justice in 
our civil courts. 

The Sunday morning session opened 
with Eld. I. C. Suavely as Moderator. 
The devotional service was conducted 
by Prof. Moses H. Clemens, of the 
United Brethren College, Huntington, 
Indiana. 

Pres. C. A. Blanchard preached on the 
subject, "Our Object, the Exaltation of 
Jesus Christ." He said there are just 
two classes of religion ; one seeking to 
bring men to God through Jesus Christ, 
in harmony with the Scriptures, and the 
other endeavoring to bring men to God 
without the faith of Jesus Christ. There 
are over three hundred secret orders in 
our country with membership of about 
eleven million, and all profess to have a 
good purpose. However, a true faith is 
necessary to a high ideal of morality, 
and it is impossible to join a false faith 
with good morals. Passages were read 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



51 



from the "Mackey's Masonic Ritualist," 
showing that the lodge has rejected 
Jesus Christ from its ceremonies. Em- 
phasis was placed upon the inconsistency 
of hoping for salvation through a Christ- 
less lodge. 

The afternoon session was opened 
with prayer by Eld. J. G. Stinebaugh, of 
the Lower Deer Creek Church of the 
Brethren, near Flora, Indiana. 

''Religion Without Salvation," was 
the subject of an able address by Rev. 
Wm. Dillon, D. D., of Huntington, In- 
diana, the Editor of the Christian Con- 
servator. Dr. Dillon said the secret 
lodge system does not hold a single prin- 
ciple of Christianity. The Masonic 
lodge is said to uphold the moral law, 
but their own authorities say this moral 
law does not refer to the Ten Com- 
mandments. No Mason is required to 
believe in the Bible. They do not rec- 
ognize Jesus Christ, and they do not re- 
quire a belief even in God. On the other 
hand the lodges endorse and practice 
many things that are wrong. The pen- 
alties in Masonic oaths are most awful 
and their obligations require them to 
keep the secrets of a fellow member of 
the lodge whether that member be right 
or wrong. Their claim of salvation 
through the lodge is contrary to the 
Word of God. 

Three, who had been members of the 
Odd-Fellows and had left, testified to 
the fact that the name of Jesus is not 
used in that order. Twelve stood as 
an expression of their having left the 
lodge for Jesus' sake. 

Rev. Mr. Pegram spoke of "Christian 
Charity vs. Lodge Selfishness." He said 
the lodges and labor unions are unfair in 
that they interfere with the efiforts of 
men to make an honest living, and he 
referred to several cases as illustrations. 
Furthermore, those whom the Scripture 
says should be shown charity are the 
ones the lodge excludes. 

The Sunday evening session was 
opened with prayer by Eld. James M. 
Moore, of Bethany Bible School, Chi- 
cago, Illinois. 

Rev. Mead A. Kelsey, pastor of the 
Friends Church, of Spiceland, Indiana, 
addressed the convention "Why I Do 
Not Believe in Secret Societies." Five 
reasons were discussed. First, the lodges 



are secret, which is wrong in the light 
of Christianity and sooner or later 
brings them into conflict with the civil 
government. Second, the taking of 
oaths of any kind is contrary to the 
words of Jesus Christ. Third, the lodges 
bring into close and fraternal relation- 
ship good and l^ad men, which is op- 
posite to the teaching of the Scriptures. 
Fourth, the lodges promote worldliness 
and the use of high-sounding titles, 
which is also in conflict with the teach- 
ing of the Gospel. I'ifth, the false re- 
ligion of the lodge makes it impossible 
for a true follower of Jesus Christ to 
have any fellowship with any secret 
society. 

Pres. Blanchard gave the closing ad- 
dress of the Conference on "The Duty 
of the Hour." Concerning our present 
duty, he said that we should all be in- 
formed on the subject of secrecy. The 
Bible is the best book on the subject, but 
many other good books are available. 
When lodge members come to the light 
and are led to come out from its evil as- 
sociation, they should bear testimony as 
to having been redeemed from the bond- 
age of sin. It is the duty of all who 
are not in the lodge to stay outside, and 
it is the business of all Christian men 
and women to bear testimony against the 
evils of the lodge. This will mean sacri- 
fice, but the cause of righteousness calls 
for men of principle who are willing, if 
need be, to give their lives for that which 
is right. 

A large majority of the audience stood 
by way of a confession that they had not 
been as diligent as they might have been 
in opposing the lodge, and also as an ex- 
pression of a determination to work 
more faithfully in the future. 

James M. Moore, Secretary. 



REPORT OF WASHINGTON CHRIS- 
TIAN ASSOCIATION. 

On my own behalf, and also on he- 
half of the Washington Christian Asso- 
ciation, I wish to extend my hearty good 
wishes for a successful meeting, al- 
ready assured that )-our labor will not 
be in vain in the Lord. 

It would be a great pleasure for me 
to meet with you. and to enjoy the helj^ 
that comes from being united in fel- 
lowship with others in the same cause. 



OZ 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



We on the Pacific coast have not for- 
gotten the blessing that was brought to 
us two years ago by the holding of your 
Annual Convention in our midst. The 
results of those meetings are still with 
us, not only in the formation of our 
State Association, but in the deliverance 
of at least one man, who, although not 
attending a single session of the con- 
vention, had his attention called to the 
work and was brought thereby into con- 
tact with the influence which has since 
led to his deliverance. I mention this 
fact for your encouragement, and to 
stop the mouth oi those who say there 
is no good to be accomplished through 
a public meeting. Even if no converts 
are made at any particular meeting, the 
revival brought into the hearts of those 
of us who have always believed these 
things, is worth all a convention costs. 
Our work during the past year has 
consisted largely in the distribution of 
literature, especially that bearing upon 
the subject of Fraternities, which we put 
into the hands of the freshmen of the 
State university, and also of Dr. Blanch- 
ard's ''Modern Prophets of Baal," 
which we sent, accompanied with a per- 
sonal letter, to quite a number of the 
ministers of this State. The writing of 
a personal appeal to each minister to 
whom the literature is sent is a tedious 
and expensive method of work, but has 
many obvious advantages, and let me 
recommend it to the members of this 
convention. We can all do personal 
work by correspondence, and if each one 
who knows the truth will enlist himself 
to the extent of writing at least one let- 
ter a week to some victim of secrecy, 
he wnll be interested in some of the 
answers received ; and, whether the ap- 
peal is effective or not, has introduced 
the personal element that is so much 
more effective than indiscriminate work. 
Our plans are made for the holding of 
our convention on June 29th and 30th. 
The convention of the Shriners to be 
held here in July makes it specially 
needful that you support our efforts by 
your prayers that we may be given wis- 
dom and power and charity in the 
presenting of the truth. 

(Rev.) Thomas M. Slater, 

President. 
Seattle, Wash., May 15, 191 5. 



SECRETARY STODDARD'S ANNUAL 
REPORT. 

It is my privilege to report another 
year of progress. God has graciously 
sustained me. Monthly letters appearing 
in the Cynosure have given in part what 
has been accomplished. It is impossible 
to measure the good done from year to 
year. There are many cheering evi- 
dences that the seed sown has not fallen 
largely on stony ground. After consid- 
ering the evidence presented some have 
renounced their lodge allegiance. The 
larger good is perhaps the strengthen- 
ing of friends and the warning of those 
who, but for knowledge, would be en- 
snared. 'Tn vain is the trap set in the 
sight of any bird." 

Replying to the question often asked 
regarding our progress it is always safe 
to say, a truly Christian effort is never 
fruitless. God has declared, ''My word 
shall not return unto Me void." Can 
any sane man seeing how marvelously 
God hath wrought, and how today he i 
bringing- things to pass, doubt that evil i? 
to be put down? For long years the slave 
cried under the lash of a cruel task- 
master, but the clock struck God's time 
and slavery was no more. The cries of 
widows and orphans, the moans and 
groans from penitentiary and asylum 
have for years ascended in the ears of 
the Lord of Sabaoth, while strong drink 
has been destroying not only lives but 
whole communities through the saloon. 
The clock is again striking, and our 
lawmakers are saying, this destroyei; 
must go. The lodge evil but awaits its 
time. The "foe in hiding" is more dif- 
ficult to reach, but people grow wiser 
with experience. They are not ready to 
accept as pure gold, every lodge that 
comes along, even if it declares that it 
is "all founded on the Bible." It is the 
evil deed that seeks darkness, and the 
lodge, held up in the light, "writhes in 
pain and dies amid its worshippers." 

Reviewing the past year I find I have 
delivered 228 addresses, 171 of which 
were antisecrecy lectures. I also made 
by my estimate, over two thousand five 
hundred calls. One thousand and five 
subscriptions to the Cynosure, have 
l:)een secured. Friends, to whom God 
has intrusted some of the wealth of this 
world, have declared their intention to 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



53 



contribute considerable sums in the aid 
of this work. There should be an active 
agent in every state. I believe men could 
be found who would undertake it were 
the means for their support provided. 
The Christian contributes first in sup- 
port of his church, but reforms are us- 
ually looked upon as secondary. In 
years like the one just past our reform 
is apt to suffer materially. 

I have held conventions in Ohio, In- 
diana, New York and Pennsylvania. 
New friends have been found at each, 
and those of other years cheered and 
strengthened. Our Annual Convention, 
just held at Flora, Indiana, brought an 
unusual blessing. The attendance was 
large, the friends much encouraged, the 
enemy greatly stirred. 

The new fields reached this year have 
been many. My first trip in six of our 
southern states wa^ exceedingly inter- 
esting, and rich in experience. It was 
a joy to carry the message of Hght to 
thousands in southern schools. A knowl- 
edge of the crying need of the South 
has brought millions upon millions of 
dollars from their more favored north- 
ern friends, to be invested in schools 
for the uplift of the negro race. I found 
several schools established and sup- 
ported by the colored people, and but 
one maintained by the southern whites. 
Both the white and colored of the South 
have great problems that can only be 
solved where there is Christian educa- 
tion. I found white colleges in the 
South that welcomed my message ; a few 
tolerated it, while a larger number re- 
fused to hear me. As a rule the colored 
people listened respectfully to the white 
man's message, even where they largely 
belonged to the lodges. It is probable 
that I addressed 20,000 people, mostly 
students, during my trip of fifty-two 
days. Both North and South I find the 
schools, which are friendly to our work, 
fruitful fields for labor. At what period 
could lives be influenced with greater 
result than between the ages of fifteen 
and twenty-five? Think of it ! At these 
ages large numbers of the children of 
former slaves are today reading Latin, 
Greek and even Hebrew in these col- 
leges. Many of them, however, have a 
strange conception of what constitutes a 
Christian life. But few know that the 



lodge system is opposed to Christianity. 
Surely the antilodge message was to 
them most timely. 

In the Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and 
New York districts our work grows 
with each succeeding year. Never have 
so many Cynosures gone to the states 
of Virginia and Maryland as during the 
year past. The acquaintance of many 
years has helped greatly in these fields. 
I think without exception the places 
where conventions have been held would 
welcome them again. Before the con- 
ventions, well meaning friends often 
question whether or not the agitation 
will be a real help to the cause. At its 
close they would welcome more of the 
same kind of agitation. This year we 
have invitations in advance for the hold- 
ing of the Ohio and Indiana state meet- 
ings. 

That there are many trials in our 
work goes without saying. Had there 
been no Philistines with their Goliath 
to defy, there would have been no David 
with his sling. There is surely much to 
cheer if we look for it. We must never 
forget that our success depends upon 
Divine favor. During the past year we 
have looked for the last time on earth 
into the faces of some of those who have 
stood by our side in this conflict. We 
feel lonely at times without them. The 
workers pass on, and yet the work 
moves forward. God still reigns and the 
right shall triumph. 

(Rev.) W. B. Stoddard. 



"LIZZIE WOODS'" ANNUAL REPORT. 

I have done my utmost this past year 
to break down the Devil's den wherever 
I could get a chance. The churches are 
glad to have me lecture or teach, if I 
would only leave out the lodge question, 
so that cuts me off from many places 
that I might get into. In the winter I 
can get into the Holiness churches and 
school houses. The Baptists will not let 
us in their churches at all, not because 
there are not some good men and women 
in them, but because they are afraid of 
their leaders. They turned me out of 
the Women's Central District Associa- 
tion because of my stand against the 
lodges. I still have many friends among 
the Association who love God. but they 
are afraid to testify. The Lord has 



54 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



saved many from the snare of the Devil 
through your humble servant and the 
tracts you sent me. When the weather 
is warm we hold open air and tent meet- 
ings. Bless God, I have victory through 
the blood. 

I was at Jackson, Tennessee, a few 
davs ago, where I tried to find out how 
that man was killed there in the Masonic 
lodge thirteen years ago. I could not 
get the names of the parties, but one 
young man was so scared that night they 
killed him, he could not sleep. His wife 
says they smothered him to death. I 
don't know whether he was smothered 
in a coffin or not, but he was left at the 
bottom of the steps dead, after the feast 
was over. This young man, who was so 
frightened, never went back to the hall 
again. 

I found out how they laid a plot to 
kill me while in this same city three 

years ago. A Mrs. invited me to 

her house to supper. She was not a 
member of the lodge, but her husband 
expected soon to be made Worshipful 
Master of the Masonic lodge. I went 
home with her, and after supper I 
showed my Masonic ritual. I could see 
her husband's face redden, and as I read 
and explained the ritual he turned pale. 
He went out and called in another broth- 
er, and they sat and listened to me. They 
wanted the book. I told them they could 
get it for the price. They said, 'Tt is our 
book and we can take it." I said, ''All 
right, you are two strong men, I know 
you can take it from a weak little wom- 
an if you are determined to." They 
said, "We. will not take it from you, but 
we have a right to do so." Well, God 
used me in that home as never before. 
We kneeled and prayed, and when we 
got up they all had tears in their eyes. 
After all that, the man who was to be- 
come a Worshipful Master went to the 
lodge on Tuesday night and reported 
me. They said, ''We will have to kill 
her," and told these two men to get me 
to come to their home again and kill me. 
One of them said, "She is a holy woman 
and we are afraid to kill her." The 
Worshipful Master said, "Holy be d — d ; 
if you two are afraid to kill her, who in 
here will volunteer to do it? We have 
thirteen hundred dollars in the treas- 
ury to get you out of trouble." Four 



men said, "We will kill her if Mr. 

will get her to come out to his house, 
and, when we call her outside, let his 
wife come out with her so she will not 
think anything is wrong, and we will 

shoot her and will not hurt Mrs. ." 

But these two men would not let their 
wives ask me home with them on that 
night. Now, one of these men told me 
this, and said, "Sister Roberson, if you 
had gone to that house that night they 
would have killed you. When they 
found you did not go they came to the 
church to kill you and we were so scared 
that we left the church and came back 
just before the meeting closed. When 
we got there you had gone to your room, 
and we said, 'She is dead,' for we missed 
you from the congregation. When we 
learned that they did not kill you we 
were glad and gave ourselves to God. 
The next night we came to the altar, and 
Jesus pardoned and saved us from the 
lodge curse and all our sins. We quit 
the lodge and they talked about taking 
us out and whipping us to death. There 
were three of us who quit the lodge at 
that time. The third man was uncon- 
verted, but stood up in the hall and told 
them that he would not kill that woman 
of God and further said, 'I will not stay 
in here with a lot of murderers.' He 
left them immediately and came right 
on to the church and was converted that 
night. He never went back to the lodge. 
He died last year in the faith." I saw 
Brother — ■ — and heard him state that 
God had saved him through Sister 
Roberson's ministry. The brother that 
related the plot to me is the one whom 

Mr. called in to see the ritual. He 

said he had not been in the lodge long 
when this occurred, and that he went into 
the lodge for protection and not to kill 
men and women. Thank God, I can say, 
"No weapon that is formed against Thee 
shall prosper: and every tongue that 
shall rise against Thee in judgment 
Thou shalt condemn. This is the heri- 
tage of the servants of the Lord, and 
their righteousness is for Me, saith the 
Lord." (Isa. 54:17.) 

I have visited several towns and many 
places throughout this country, and can 
report victory. The panic is severe on 
my people. They just get work enough 
to keep them from starvation. We don't 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



55 



get much in the collections for traveling 
expenses, and yet God blesses me and 
enables me to get over the road. I have 
put out a large number of tracts and se- 
cured a few subscribers for the Cyno- 
sure. There is very little money in this 
country. The farmers could not even 
sell their cotton since the great war has 
broken out. 

Brethren, I cannot get to the meeting, 
but I can pray God to give you the vic- 
tory. I thank God for you all. I expect 
to fight the lodge evil until, like Sister 
Elizabeth Cook and Sister Amanda 
Smith, He says, Enough done, come up 



higher. 



Lizzie Roberson. 



SOUTHERN AGENT'S ANNUAL 
REPORT. 

I find pleasure in presenting to you 
my annual report for the year, begin- 
ning April 1st, 1914, and ending Adarch 
31st, 1915. 

I preached 234 sermons and gave 118 
lectures, and made 1,075 house-to-house 
visits, where I had prayer and discussed 
the lodge. Six hundred and forty-one 
subscribers to the Christian Cynosure 
were secured. I traveled in Louisiana 
and Texas 8,335 niiles, and received 
from all sources $508.87, while my trav- 
eling expenses, including postage and 
stationery, were $294.69. 

During the year I visited one Nation- 
al Sunday School Congress at Beaumont, 
Texas ; two state conventions at Crow- 
ley and Plaquemine, Louisiana ; three 
District Associations at Longville, Ful- 
lerton and Baton Rouge, Louisiana ; six 
Executive Boards at Neame, Barham, 
New Orleans, Sulphur, DeRidder and 
Thibodaux, Louisiana ; three Woman'? 
Conventions in Plaquemine, Algiers and 
New Orleans ; three Sunday School Con- 
ventions at Carson, Bon Ami and Lake 
Charles, Louisiana ; one State Confer- 
ence at Shreveport, Louisiana, and four 
Ministers' County Conferences at Dorcy- 
ville, White Castle and New Orleans. 
Louisiana. I held eight Ministers' and 
Deacons' Institutes at Fullerton, Crav- 
ens, Abbeville, Rayne, Sulphur, Pick- 
ering, Bon Ami and White Castle, 
Louisiana, and visited two citizens' mass 
meetings and delivered antisecrecy ad- 
dresses at each, I held revivals at Or- 
ange, Call and near Kirbyville, Texas ; 



Abbeville, Rayne, Sulphur, Carson, 
Cravens, Fullerton, Alexandria, Lees- 
ville and White Castle, Louisiana, at 
which some fifty souls were saved and 
much light was shed on the secret lodge 
question. 

My earnest prayer is that the Holy 
Spirit may crown the coming annual ses- 
sion with abundant success and that 
many may be convinced of the sinful- 
ness of secret societies and all kindred 
evils. 

(Rev.) Frances James Davidson. 



AN APPRECIATION. 

The Annual Convention of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, which was 
held in Flora, Ind., from April 30 to ]\Iay 
2, inclusive, was a most excellent meeting. 
I was led to ask to have it held here be- 
cause the lodges were soliciting my 
young brethren for membership. The 
soliciting was done very slyly, and has 
made me wonder why, if the lodge was 
such a good thing as they claim it is, 
they did not come to me and tell me that 
they would like to have me and my men 
join their lodge. But such was not their 
course — the first hint that I had that 
they were working for my members was 
when my young men began to come to 
me for help on the lodge question. I 
gave some help, but that did not satisfy 
them, for the lodge men replied that 
only a few ignorant people who belonged 
to our church oppose the lodge any more. 

Considering the matter carefully, I de- 
cided to ask the National Christian As- 
sociation to hold a meeting here, to dem- 
onstrate that there are more people op- 
posed to the lodge than our church alone. 
When some of our members realized 
more thoroughly what they had asked 
for and received, they began to quail, 
fearing that such a meeting in our church 
would only make enemies for us. 

The meeting came in due time and we 
are still here, although the lodges are 
pretty well stirred up and are saying a 
good many things about the meeting, but 
nothing that makes me regret having it 
here. The reason why our luembcrs 
questioned the propriety of holding such 
a meeting is because they have had very 
little teaching about what the lodge is 
really doing, and seeing only the good 
from the outside, some were made to 



56 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



think the lodge is a good thing, but when 
shown by brethren of our own church 
what it means to be initiated into the 
lodge, and what its real purposes are, 
they have come to the conclusion that 
the convention accomplished a good 
work. 

The speakers were all fine spiritual 
men, desiring to see the work of the 
secret societies put down. They dis- 
cussed the w^ork from the various angles 
and showed conclusively that the secret 
societies are a menace to the home, the 
church and the nation. If there is any 
good in the lodge, why should it be kept 
secret, is a question that no lodge can 
satisfactorily answer. If there is evil in 
it, it ought to be exposed. It will pay 
every church of the brethren to have the 
National Christian Association meeting 
in your church, to show the younger 
members what the work of the lodge 
really is. If we expect to maintain our 
position on the lodge question we will 
have to teach the younger members about 
the evils of the lodge, so that they will 
be informed for themselves. 

(Eld.) I. C. Snavely. 

Flora, Ind. 



grees. From that time my opposition to 
secretism has been settled and more or 
less intelligent. 

I wish I could do more for the cause. 
It would be splendid if we could have 
antilodge lectures in every community 
at least every five 3^ears. 

Frank L. Gibson. 



Fairfield, Iowa, April 27, 19 15. 
I attended the convention at Oskaloosa 
last year and found it interesting and in- 
structive. It was an inspiration to come 
in contact with so many in one place who 
are convinced that the fundamental prin- 
ciples of organized secrecy and especial- 
ly Freemasonry, are anti-Christian. 

(Rev.) John Waterson. 



ANNUAL CONVENTION LETTERS. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., April 17, 1915. 
I am sorry that other matters will pre- 
vent my presence with you and the 
brethren and friends of the Association. 
The longer I live the more deeply in 
sympathy do I feel with the purposes of 
the Association. I pray that God may 
greatly bless the work during the com- 
ing year. 

(Dr.) Jesse W. Brooks, 
President, Union Missionary Training 

Institute. 



Chicago, III, April 2^, 1915- 
I am glad to be a member of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, because I 
believe that in this organization we are 
bound together in a fellowship of light 
for the purpose of opposing a Satanic 
fellowship of darkness. 

It has been a pleasure and a source 
of strength, as a member of the Board 
of Directors, to walk w^ith men who have 
the Christian faithfulness to separate 
themselves from the lodge and who have 
the Christian courage to work with un- 
tiring energy to get their fellow men to 
come from among the superstitions of 
darkness and be clean from their sin. 

I believe we fight against ''principali- 
ties and against the rulers of the dark- 
ness of this world," when we fight 
against the lodge ; that Jesus is leading 
in the great conflict and that everyone of 
us should be encouraged to follow close 
after Him, who said, "Be of good cheer, 
for I have overcome the world." 

(Rev.) Thos. C. McKnight. 



Groton, Vt., April 22, 1915. 
I have been deeply interested in op- 
posing all secret societies from early 
youth. I attended the United Presby- 
terian and Reformed Presbyterian 
Churches, which gave me opportunity to 
hear the truth regarding the lodge set 
forth from time to time. About forty 
years ago, in the Old Walter Harvey 
Meeting House of the Reformed Presby- 
terian Church, in Barnet, Vermont, I 
heard Edmond Ronavne lecture on Free- 
masonry, and work the first three de- 



Covington, Ohio, April 22, 19 15. 

Over twenty-five years ago I spent 
nearly five weeks in the vicinity of Flora, 
Indiana, in revival service and the in- 
gathering of souls closely reached the 
hundredth mark. It was a most precious 
Pentecostal season in which there was 
much rejoicing of the kind that I trust 
continues today. 

On my visit with them, to which I 
have referred, I made allusion to the de- 
generating influences of secret orders. A 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



57 



few of those whose hand we took in 
membership were associated with secret 
orders, but they at once renomiced the 
evil. I admitted that secret orders had 
some good things in them, l)ut they did 
not have any good thing that was not 
in the Church of Christ, hence their 
order was useless, and to do good and be 
good it was not necessary to be bound 
together and banded together with ter- 
rible oaths, and to hold meetings after 
night with doors barred and window cur- 
tains drawn, which gives just grounds 
for grave suspicion. Above all church 
doors, the motto is either written or un- 
derstood : "All are welcome," but not so 
with secret orders. A lack of money, 
or being helpless physically, or your skin 
not the right color will debar you from 
their meetings. These are not antisecret 
but they are anti-Christian. Secret or- 
ders have a worship, but they have not 
the name of Christ in their prayers and 
songs. In quoting Scripture in which 
the name of Christ occurs, nearly all 
drop that precious name, hence their 
worship has no Christ in it. Remember : 
''Whosoever denieth the Son, the same 
hath not the Father," hence the religion 
of secrecv as defined is a heathen re- 



Princeton, Indiana, April 21, 1915. 
Not by might nor by power, but by 
my spirit, saith the Lord. We have 
a great enemy in organized secrec)-, 
])ut we have a greater Saviour, Jesus 
Christ, our risen Lord. He never 
loses a battle. Victory comes only by 
fasting and prayer. Fear not, little flock, 
for it is your Father's good pleasure to 
give vou the kingdom. 

R. A. McCoy. 



ligion. 



(Eld.) L J. ROSENBERGER. 



Boston, Mass., April 24, 191 5. 
I will pray that you may have an ex- 
cellent convention and that the power 
of the Holy Spirit may be present "con- 
victing of sin, of righteousness, and 
judgment to come." 

Anna E. Stoddard, Cor. Sec. 
New England Christian Assn. 



Seattle, Wash., March 8, 191 5. 
Here in this city Methodists and Bap- 
tists have had the cornerstones of their 
churches laid by Masons in the name of 
the grand lodge of the state without 
mentioning the name of Christ, and these 
same churches spend thousands of Amer- 
ican dollars gathered among innocent 
but well meaning American Methodists 
and Baptists to do proselyting among our 
Lutheran people, saying that we are not 
Christians, and yet they favor the 
Christless lodges and zve testify against 
them. No wonder the people lose con- 
fidence in the whole church work, when 
they see these things and lack the larger 
view of Christ and his Church. I con- 
fess that I am at sea. I see the Baptist 
and Methodist brethren commit the 
blasphemous act of letting lodges, in the 
religion of which Christ is systematical- 
ly and consciously left out, lay the cor- 
nerstones of their churches, and they 
seemingly go on without any compunc- 
tions of conscience, as satisfied as ever. 
I ask you : "How can we reach these 
people?" 

(Rev.) B. E. Bergesex. 



Goshen, Indiana, April 22, 1915. 
That it is necessary to agitate our cause 
was again demonstrated when I recently 
met some lodge men, professed Chris- 
tians, who were surprised to learn that 
anyone should object to lodges. They 
consoled themselves with the thought 
that bishops, judges and many of the 
leading men belong to some lodge, which 
is a deplorable fact and makes it all the 
more necessary that we "cry aloud and 
spare not." 

T. H. Brenneman. 



Pikeville, Ky., April 13. 1915. 

God has wonderfully blessed my labors 
in this part of His vineyard and many 
have deserted the lodge. One lodge has 
returned its charter and closed up and 
several of the members have been saved 
and are living witnesses against the lodge 
evil. 

The handwriting is on the wall : the 
lodsre is doomed. A few weeks aq^o a 
certain ^Nfason was arraigned before the 
order for misconduct with a young girl 
of our town, and the members of this 
lodge are doing their best to oust him 
but he is more than a match for his 
brethren, for he has gone to the records 



58 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



of our court and produced evidence 
showing that a certain lodge brother had 
caused a separation between a brother 
^lason and his wife. It reminds one of 
trying to prosecute the Devil in hell. I 
believe this happening will tear the lodge 
to pieces. 

May the dear Lord bless you and 
your work. 

A. D. Cline. 



stake their eternal destiny on anything 
except the atoning blood of Jesus. That 
God's richest blessing may rest upon you 
is our prayer. 

M. W. SlEMILLER AND SiSTERS. 



Buckeye, Wash., April 25, 19 15. 

Be assured my prayers go up to 
Jesus every day that He will inspire and 
fill your hearts and souls with divine 
wisdom that your world-wide association 
may unite in one Gospel fellowship all 
the true loyal lovers of Jesus and His 
Church. I humbly request your prayers 
that I may remain loyal, uncompromis- 
ing and steadfast to the end. This may 
be my last greeting as my bodily strength 
is failing fast. I was born June 10, 1830. 
Old age is gripping me hard. 

Cordially, humbly, hopefully yours in 
the Lord, 

(Rev.) Geo. L. Coffin. 



Volga, S. Dak., April 24, 191 5. 
I have w^atched your work for years, 
and if the N. C. A. had not prepared me, 
what would I have done now, since I am 
located in a small town, where many 
lodges are thriving, and I feel con- 
strained to testify against the worldli- 
ness and wickedness of the lodge sys- 
tem? Onward, brethren! After a "day" 
of hard toil comes "the rest" for the 
children of God. 

(Rev.) J. B. Van den Hoek. 



Brockton, Iowa, April 29, 1915. 
We are greatly encouraged here at 
Brockton. A little while ago the lodge 
was seldom mentioned by the pastors, 
and when they did it was always favor- 
ably, but they found that their best 
working members were opposed to se- 
cret societies. During revival meetings 
this winter, some of the Odd-Fellows 
seemed under conviction, but would not 
yield. Finally they told the minister that 
if they should only live up to their obli- 
gations as Odd-Fellows, they would be 
saved. Since then the preacher has 
been giving faithful warning along this 
line. It seems so dreadful that men will 



Lack of space forbids us to give ex- 
tracts from all of the many Convention 
letters received. Among those heard 
from were Bert Humphrey, Greenfield, 
Iowa ; Hon. J. H. Conant, Willimantic, 
Conn. ; J. T. CuUor, Savoy, Texas ; John 
Hoogenboon, Goshen, Ind. ; Mrs. M. E. 
McKee, Clarinda, Iowa; Mrs. Mary C. 
Fleming, Lima, Ind. ; Mrs. Mary P. 
Morris, Roxbury, Ohio ; Mrs. Alice A. 
Miller, Lehigh, Iowa ; Miss Eliza F. Pot- 
ter, Leonardsburg, Ohio, and Rev. P. 
Beck, Grafton, California. 



The readers of the Cynosure will 
unite with us, we are sure, in expressions 
of sympathy with our brother, Rev. G. 
A. Pegram, of Peru, Ind., who learned 
immediately after the annual convention, 
which he attended, at Flora, Ind., that 
his father was quite seriously ill at Sum- 
merlee, W. Va. He hastened to reach 
the place, but to his surprise and grief 
learned that his father had not only died, 
but had been buried. The death was 
very sudden. His age was 87. He was 
a man who had "never belonged to any 
lodge and usually used his influence 
against them." The specially comforting- 
thought, however, is that Brother Peg- 
ram's father was a Christian and ready 
for his Home-going. 



WASHINGTON CONVENTION. 



To Discuss the Principles of Secretism. 
Seattle, June 29 and 30. 

In his address before the Massachu- 
setts Antislavery Society in 1852, Wen- 
dell Phillips said to his fellow abolition- 
ists : "We are apt to feel ourselves over- 
shadowed in the presence of colossal 
institutions." 

At that time slavery had behind it the 
support of the government, the organ- 
ization of parties, the influence of the 
press, the odds of majorities, the omni- 
potence of wealth, and to a large extent 
the sanction of the pulpit. The protest 
of its opponents was contemptuously re- 
ferred to as ''a pistol shot against Gibral- 
tar." Yet Phillips and those of like 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



59 



mind kept up the agitation, and in a lit- 
tle more than a decade from the time 
those words were uttered the colossal 
institution of slavery went down. 

It is not surprising if the friends of 
the open life at times feel themselves 
overshadowed in the presence of an in- 
stitution like secrecy. Yet many consid- 
erations encourage us not only to hold 
fast to our convictions, but also lay upon 
us an obligation to hold forth a faithful 
testimony concerning this institution. 

We believe that secretism, like slavery, 
is of the devil, and must eventually be 
rooted up. 

We believe that Christianity is the only 
religion that saves, and that the lodge 
offers a salvation without repentance, 
faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, or reli- 
ance upon the Holy Spirit. 

We believe that the lodge is the en- 
emy of the family, the church, and the 
state ; that '*it is needed for no good pur- 
pose and may be used for any evil pur- 
pose whatsoever." 

It is the truth alone that enlightens 
and makes free. Information on the 
lodge question is more needed now than 
ever before, and especially so since the 
coming of the national convention of the 
Shriners to this part of the country can- 
not do other than great harm to those 
who lack instruction. 

For these and other reasons we have 
issued this call for a public convention 
to discuss the principles of secretism, to 
be held in Seattle, June 29 and 30, 1915, 
under the auspices of the Washington 
Christian Association, Opposed to Se- 
cret Societies. 



REPORT OF EASTERN SECRETARY. 

REV. W. B. STODDARD. 

Much interest centered in the National 
Christian Association Conference at 
Flora, Indiana. Upon my arrival there, 
I found that Elder Suavely, assisted by 
J. L. Cunningham and others, had ad- 
vertised the Convention extensively and 
had made every arrangement to meet 
the local needs. The attendance at the 
different sessions of the Conference 
ranged from three hundred to a thous- 
and. The strong program was carried 
out, as planned, except that two of the 
speakers were absent. During the seven 
sessions the lodge question was viewed 



from many different angles. It was re- 
ported that lodge people were to come 
in a body and answer our objections to 
the lodge system. I was told that sev- 
eral attended, but they made no reply to 
our addresses. It is hoped that they 
saw the folly and sin of their associa- 
tions. The revelations of the initiations 
in the Junior Order of the United Amer- 
ican Mechanics and the Modern Wood- 
men, made by Brethren Haines and 
Reed, were very interesting, for they 
showed that all lodges are practically 
one in spirit and practice. The arrange- 
ment of the room and general conduct 
in these minor lodges are much the same 
as in the Masonic, the main difference 
being in the extent of folly and sin in 
the performances. Some one must have 
"sat up nights" to work out the tricks 
played on the candidates, and no pure 
minded men could enjoy such folly. 

The Flora brethren stood nobly by 
the work in every way. May God bless 
them and keep their young men from be- 
ing ensnared by the lodges of that place. 
I spent the week preceding the Conven- 
tion in the vicinity of Flora. Three ad- 
dresses were given to good audiences in 
the Bachelor Run, Brethren church. I 
also spoke in the churches of the Breth- 
ren at Deer Creek and Logansport. 
They all said come again. I visited 
Brother Pegram and wife at Peru, where 
he is pastor of two Wesleyan Methodist 
churches. He prepared the way for the 
antisecrecy address, which I gave in con- 
nection with the church's prayer meet- 
ing. It was suggested that Peru would 
be a good place for the Indiana State 
Convention. The state officers, however, 
will determine the place of gathering and 
announce it in due time. 

I found our good friends at the Radi- 
cal United Brethren headquarters. Hunt- 
ini^ton, Indiana, as active as ever. I 
could not stop then to give the lectures 
they desired. At LaFayette, Indiana. I 
enlarged our list of subscribers, but 
this season of the year did not 
suit them for lectures. The day 
spent at Fort Wayne, Indiana, was 
strenuous. I spoke in the morning to 
the students of the Bible Training 
School ; in the afternoon I addressed 
about two hundred and sixty students 
in Concordia College, of the ^Missouri 



60 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



Lutheran synod, and in the evening I 
lectured to one hundred or more who 
gathered in the Ft. Wayne Mennonite 
^Mission Church. I can also report an 
increased subscription list at Ft. Wayne. 
One pastor \yas almost persuaded to 
subscribe when his wife remarked that 
she thought he had better keep his dol- 
lar and giye it to some poor, needy soul. 
I natiu'ally take exception to that senti- 
ment, for there will always be poor, 
needy souls as long as institutions exist 
that make men so. The lodges stand to- 
gether. Christians ought to do the same. 
As is my custom at this time of the 
year, I have deliyered addresses in sev- 
eral of the Alennonite missions and 
churches of other denominations in Chi- 
cago. The missions are doing a blessed 
Avork for those in need. Visits at 
Wheaton, Aurora, Maple Park, Elgin 
and Batavia all contributed to the gen- 
eral good. As I turn again homeward 
it is wath thanksgiving to God for His 
many mercies to us in the past and ex- 
pectation for the future. 



REPORT OF SOUTHERN AGENT. 

REV. F. J. DAVIDSON. 

Since my last letter I visited one min- 
isters' conference and also made several 
rural points where I preached, lectured 
and made house to house visits. On in- 
vitation I visited New Orleans, where I 
preached to the St. John and Good Hope 
Baptist and the First Baptist churches, 
and in New Hope church, Gretna, just 
across the river from New Orleans. I 
also did house to house missionary work 
in New Orleans. 

I w^as not successful in arranging for 
an antisecrecy conference in New Or- 
leans. Those pastors who are not un- 
equally yoked with unbelievers in the 
lodge are afraid to allow the use of their 
churches for an antilodge conference, 
for fear of lodge persecution. I might 
rent a hall for a two or three days' con- 
vention and work up a meeting that 
w^ould prove very effective, but such a 
course would cost from $50 to v$6o, in- 
cluding advertising, and I am not able 
to undertake the expense myself, and 
those in this section who seem to desire 
such a meeting are likewise unable to 
bear its expense. Several ministers and 
laymen assured me of their co-operation 



if I could secure a place for a meeting. 
I had a lengthy conversation a few 
days ago with a very prominent and in- 
fluential Odd-Fellow, who at first at- 
tempted to vindicate his lodge and justify 
its existence as a religious and benevolent 
institution doing great good for the hu- 
man race, but after a careful searching 
of the Scriptures, and examining the 
oaths and penalties of Odd-Fellows and 
Masons, I showed him from personal ex- 
periences how the lodge influences stifle 
truth and how it persecutes and slan- 
ders those who oppose it. He admitted 
that he had been misled by ministers 
and others high in lodge and church 
counsels, and that he never knew before 
that Masonry rejected the name of Jesus 
Christ from their rituals and monitors. 
He promised to pray for power to give 
up his lodge. He is now a reader of the 
Cynosure. Praise God that the eyes of 
many are being opened to the sinfulness 
of the lodges as they read the Cynosure 
and antilodge literature. If it were pos- 
sible to keep three or four good lecturers 
in the field with an abundance of anti- 
secrecy tracts and keep them continually 
traveling and working, the rapid multi- 
plication of new lodges would cease and 
older ones would die out. Let the Gos- 
pel light in and the lodge and every 
other work of darkness must vanish. 



tahm' f eatimotties. 



In a private letter, dated March 31st, 
1915, a resident of Maine writes: 

"I am pleased to say that on receiving 
your letter I sent dues in full, asking to 
have my name erased from the roll of 
membership, as I was permanently with- 
drawing from the lodge. As yet have 
received no answer. I have read 'Mod- 
ern Secret Societies,' which was a bless- 
ing of God to me and I want to praise 
God and thank President Blanchard very 
much for the same." 



Among the dozen or more seceders 
present at the National Convention at 
Flora, Indiana, were those who had been 
members of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, Farmers' Mutual and Pro- 
tective Association, Masons, Rebeccas, 



Tune, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



61 



Grange, Modern Woodmen of America, 
Independent Order of United American 
Mechanics, and Odd-Fellows. 

Under date of May ist another man 
has written, giving thanks to the Associa- 
tion for the help which it gave him, and 
stating that he has withdrawn from the 
Masonic Order and never expects to go 
hack, and that he renounced all Masonic 
obligations as not binding upon him. "I 
thank God for the National Christian 
Association and am much interested in 
its work." 

Elmer Star, Evangelist, whose home 
is in Columbus, Ohio, has recently been 
assisting in the Quaker Quarterly Meet- 
ing at Alum Creek, Ohio. He wears on 
the lapel of his coat a button marked 
with a cross and a crown, underneath 
which is written "Jesus Only." In one 
of his discourses at the place heretofore 
mentioned, he referred to the wearing of 
badges and said : "Jesus cannot get to 
the heart of a person wearing emblems, 
badges or pins of secret orders and 
clubs." At the close of the meeting a 
man came to him, who had on an Odd- 
Fellow pin, who said : "Brother Star, 
your pin is for Jesus only ; mine is for 
Odd-Fellowship only." He then took his 
pin off and gave it to the evangelist. 

Later the evangelist, having no use for 
it, handed it to the pastor of the church. 
May we not hope that the pastor will 
follow the example of the evangelist in 
faithful warning and also have the joy 
of seeing men renounce the hidden words 
of darkness because God has spoken to 
them through it? 



are well named 'a menace' to tlie whole 
church and Government." Four of the 
five ministers in her little city are lodge 
members, the Methodist minister being 
both a Mason and an Odd-Fellow, and 
she writes: "It is not strange that Chris- 
tians are spiritually dead." 



A lady writes us that a few years ago 
she was persuaded to join the Order of 
the Eastern Star, but that she soon 
found it to be an institution which self- 
respecting Christian people ought not 
to support. When she tried to drop 
quietly out of the Order, she found it 
not an easy matter to accomplish. The 
members wanted to know her motive and 
when they learned it, they first tried to 
keep her from leaving by coaxing and 
then by threats to compel her to con- 
tinue her membership. Not succeeding, 
thev have hounded and persecuted her 
ever since. She says that "these lodges 



For genuine Christian courage and en- 
durance, commend me to one of our 
friends who, without any capital except 
his faith in God, has made one of the 
bravest fights of the present time. Some 
twelve years ago the Masons were de- 
sirous of securing him as a member, and 
because he did not wish to join, they put 
a pressure on him to make him see that 
it was for his interest. About eight 
years ago, at a time when our friend was 
ill, the Worshipful Master of the Ma- 
sons came to him and told him that if 
he would join, the Masons would call 
oft* the trouble they were making him. 
He said that he concluded that if that 
would fix matters up that "I would go in 
and pay my dues and then leave them 
alone." But he found that that would 
not satisfy them. They said that he 
must take the Chapter degrees, which he 
did. Then they began to urge him to 
take the Knight Templar degrees, but 
he would not and finally told the AA'or- 
shipful Master what he thought about 
Masonry. It is a very unequal fight for 
one man to oppose the lodge combina- 
tion, but this brother is pluckily main- 
taining his testimony and distributing 
among the people where he labors "Ala- 
sonic Obligations" and other literature. 



A pastor whose church is in Ontario, 
Canada, writes : "I was at one time a 
'joiner,' but have become a 'quitter.' I 
have discovered that secret societies limit 
the power of good, and place a man's 
soul in danger of eternal damnation. 
More power to you." 

Blaine, \A'ash., April 5. 1915. 
Eternal vigilance is the only thing that 
will keep us awake on this subject. I 
give my magazine to those to whom I 
believe it will do the most good, after 
I have read and reread it myself. May 
God hasten the day when men shall see 
the evil of secret societies. 

(Mrs.) John Nicoll. 



wammm 



62 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



• 


Qi\\t Olflmtng fliottfltrt 

BY 
EDWIN BROWN GRAHAM 


# 



CHAPTER XXI. 

(Continued.) 
Foul Is Fair. 

"Dr. Hulman, I am glad to meet you," 
said the superintendent, giving him the 
grip. 

"Thank you," said Huhiian, return- 
ing the pressure of the third knuckle 
with the thumb. 

After being seated in the superin- 
tendent's office and conversing a few 
minutes in a friendly way, in order to 
introduce the subject of Masonry, Hul- 
man mentioned the grand display of the 
order in the funeral. 

The superintendent remarked that 
such things seemed necessary and did 
very much towards awakening a desire 
in many to become members, and asked 
how the lodge was prospering in Meg- 
apolis. 

Hulman answered that it was quite 
flourishing, but that there was danger 
of trouble in regard to that matter of 
Dr. Warren. He added, also, that the 
man who died was quite prominent in 
the affair, and that in his delirium, be- 
fore death, he almost let the secret out, 
and that he himself had come up to see 
Warren and get the matter all arranged. 

''You are a Mason, are you?" asked 
the superintendent sharply. 

''I was initiated, passed and raised in 
St. John's Lodge in Megapolis," was the 
answer. 

" 'How do you know that you are a 
Mason?'" was the first question in the 
examination. 

The answers and the questions were 
all according to the established customs. 

" 'By being often tried, never denied, 
and willing to be tried again,' " 

" 'How shall I know you to be a 
Mason?'" 

" 'By certain signs and tokens.' " 

'"What are signs?'" 

" 'All right angles, horizontals and 
perpendiculars.' " 

'"What is a token?'" 



" 'A certain friendly grip whereby one 
Mason may know another in the dark as 
well as in the light.' " 

"'What is this?'" asked the superin- 
tendent, taking Hulman's hand and 
pressing the third knuckle with his 
thumb, thus omitting all other due- 
guards and signs to this point in the 
third degree. 

" 'Pass-grip of a Master Mason,' " 
said Walter. - . 

" 'Has it a name?'" 
'It has.' " 

" 'Will you give it to me?' " 

" 'I did not so receive it, neither can 
I thus impart it.' " 

" 'What will you do with it?' " 

" 'Syllable it with you.' " 

" 'Syllable and begin.' " 

" 'Nay, you begin.' " 

" 'Nay, the word is yours ; you be- 
gin.' " 

" 'BaL' " 

'"Tu."' 

"'Bal.'" i '; 

" 'Cain.' " 

'"Tu."' '- 

'"Bal.'" 

" 'Cain.' " 

" 'Tubal-Cain it is. Be ofif or from?' " 

" 'From.' " 

" 'From what, and unto what,' " 

" 'From the pass-grip of a Master 
Mason to the true grip of the same.' " 

The change was made and the correct 
answer was given by Walter. 

"I am glad to meet a brother. What 
can I do for you ?" said the superin- 
tendent. 

"Brother Floridale, the sherifif of our 
county, reports to Brother Judge White 
that Dr. Warren or Groves (giving the 
superintendent a sly wink) cannot be 
found. There is danger of trouble 
down there, and I would like to find him 
a few minutes. I think I can make him 
safe enough." 

"I am under order to allow no one to 
see him." 



June, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



63 



"I understand that, but now you have 
a summons to allow me to visit him. I 
must see him," said Walter, giving the 
grand haihng sign of distress, which 
every Mason is bound to recognize. 

The superintendent then led the way 
until they reached the cells for a certain 
class of dangerous patients. Then the 
leader turned the key, stood by the open 
door and let Dr. Hulman enter. 

There was Dr. Groves, well, but pale 
and thin ! They grasped and held each 
other's hand in silence. Groves was able 
to speak first. 

"Walter Hulman! Is this you? How 
are my folks ?" 

"They are well and soon will be 
happy." 

"How so?" asked Groves eagerly. 

"See here, Mr. Superintendent," said 
Walter, pulling the writ from his pocket 
and reading it aloud. 

The superintendent became as white 
as a sheet, when Walter continued : 

"Well, Doctor, we'll go." 

"I want an explanation," said the sur- 
prised superintendent. 

"You'll get one soon enough," an- 
swered Hulman, sticking the writ into 
his pocket. 

"Til not allow you to remove this 
man until you explain," was the next de- 
mand. 

"Sir, as you see, I am a deputy sheriff 
of Park County and have the legal pa- 
pers to take this man with me, and I 
shall do so. I shall defend and support 
the law, which you and others have 
basely violated in depriving Dr. Groves 
of his freedom." 

"I object, and shall call for help if 
you proceed." 

"Speak a loud word or make a sign 
of resistance, and, by my lawful author- 
ity, I shall shoot you dead," fiercely said 
Hulman, drawing a revolver and point- 
ing it at the superintendent. 

"Now, sir," said the deputy sheriff to 
the superintendent, "walk quietly be- 
fore us to the front gate. Alarm any 
one, or resist, and you are a dead man." 

It was a very quiet, orderly proces- 
sion through the halls, down the stairs 
and along the pavement to the gate. 

"T am much obliged to you, Mr. Su- 
perintendent. Now you may return," 
said Walter, bowing courteously as he 



stepped into the carriage and gathered 
up the reins. 

They reached the station in time for 
the noon train, and soon were whirling 
across the streams, along the valleys, 
through the villages and over the prairies 
toward Brandon. On the way Groves 
related to Walter the manner in which 
he had been captured, all he knew of the 
examination and all about his imprison- 
ment. Walter, in turn, related the ac- 
count of the search for him, the manner 
of obtaining a clew to his whereabouts 
and the means of discovery. 

While no unbiased person would 
censure Walter severely for the part he 
bore in the proceedings, still there may 
be a question in the minds of some 
whether or not he did exactly right. The 
object of this history, however, is not 
to draw perfect characters, but to rep- 
resent persons as found and to give a 
true account of them, with their faults 
as well as their virtues. Walter, how- 
ever, was conscientious in all he did, and 
if he did wrong, he committed the sin 
of ignorance. He reasoned, perhaps in- 
correctly, in this way : I will take them 
on their own ground — "Once a ]\Iason 
always a Mason." If I am under obliga- 
tion to keep their secrets, which I have 
never revealed, I am also entitled to tha 
advantages they give me. It is a desper- 
ate case, and Groves must be released. 
If they can use these signs and grips 
fairly for foul purposes, then vice 
versa. 

While Walter may have erred in judg- 
ment and practice and his course may 
not be entirely commendable, still none 
can blame him severely, or reproach him 
at all. Who, under similar circumstances, 
would not have done the same? "Let 
him that is without sin cast the first 
stone." 

They reached Brandon in safety a 
little before lo o'clock that night. It 
was arranged that they should stop there 
until next morning, when Groves would 
appear before the judge for an examina- 
tion of his case. Walter walked with 
Groves until they reached the gate be- 
for the house, and then, because he did 
not wish to intermeddle with the joy of 
the family, and because he wished to 
reach his mother's before she retired, he 
left him there, telling him that he would 
call for him in the morning. 



a^ 



HH^ 



^ 



64 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



June, 1915. 



Edith and her mother were waiting 
with all the patience they could com- 
mand. Walter had written to them every 
day of the progress of the investigation, 
and. before leaving Riverview, had sent 
a telegram announcing that the lost 
would be home on the night train. 

It was a happy meeting, and yet, for 
a time, the words spoken were few. 
After tea, which they had kept waiting 
imtil his arrival, the doctor repeated to 
his wife and daughter the story of his 
abduction, farcical trial and imprison- 
ment. Then Mrs. Groves and Edith told 
the story of their search and painful 
suspense while he was gone, and de- 
clared their unalloyed happiness at his 
return. Thus they talked until the wee 
small hours of the night began to grow 
large again, 

CHAPTER XXII. 

"Without a Thought Disloyal. 

"Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I 
loved Rome more." 

When Walter reached home on the 
night of Dr. Groves' return to Brandon, 
his rnother had not yet retired. His 
father was also in the room with her. 
He had not been feeling well for sev- 
eral days, and was lying on the sofa at 
the rear part of the parlor. He greeted 
Walter on his entrance, not cordially by 
any means but politely. Walter, seated 
near his mother, briefly related the story 
of the discovery and return of Groves, 
carefully avoiding all reference to any 
conspiracy. Mrs. Hulman was greatly 
pleased at the announcement and her 
face was lit with joy. But if Walter had 
looked back on the sofa, he would have 
seen a very pale face on the white pil- 
low. But he did not happen to glance 
in that direction, and as he had no sus- 
picions that his father was especially im- 
plicated in the case, he did not look at 
him intentionally. 

In a few minutes Mr. Hulman went 
to his own room, leaving Walter alone 
with his mother. Shortly after, she 
said : 

''I can't imagine what is the matter 
with your father, Walter. He is so very 
gloomy. He has not been right for three 
months — T might say, a year." 

"Perhaps he mourns over me and my 
waywardness," suggested Walter, who 
had before this explained to his mother 



his conduct, principles and intentions, 
and received from her a partial approval, 

"No; I don't think he cares for that 
as much as formerly. He said one day 
that Masonry is a humbug, anyhow." 

"Why don't he leave it, then?" 

"Oh, he says that he hates to give up 
now and acknowledge that he was 
wrong, and that he is so involved in its 
affairs that he is a great deal safer in 
the lodge." 

"Why, then, does he continue to use 
me so coolly?" 

"You know, Walter, that you have 
crossed his wishes, and he so dislikes 
Edith's father. He does not want you 
to be married to her." 

"Well, mother, I wanted to tell you 
tonight, now since Dr. Groves is home, 
that it will not be long, I hope, till we 
are married. What will father say or 
do then?" 

"I don't know. I am afraid that the 
fact that his wishes are not obeyed, and 
that his only son marries the daughter 
of his enemy, and that, as he thinks 
every one knows his dishonor, will cause 
him to fret until he becomes sick. Y^ou 
know how such troubles ahvays did 
worry him. Sometimes I am afraid that 
he may become deranged. He talks so 
much about insanity that I think he is 
afraid of it himself." 

"O, mother, don't fear that. There 
is no danger." 

"He is not well now, and I fear the 
result. He is in some great trouble 
which he will not mention to me. I 
don't want to delay your marriage, Wal- 
ter, but I do hope that your father will 
be reconciled first." 

"Shall we wait?" asked Walter. 

"I don't insist that you shall. You 
have had so much trouble already. 
Make your own arrangements, and I 
will give you both my blessing; but if 
you would only wait until your father 
is willing, how glad I would be, how 
much happier you would be, and how 
much safer for us," said his mother, 
with tears in her eyes. 

"Well, we'll see about it, and I will 
respect your wishes. There, now, moth- 
er, don't worry," said Walter, kissing 
her and adding as he rose to go to his 
room, "Good night." 

. (To be continued.) 



Was W ashington 
a Mason? 

By PRES. CHARLES A. BLANGHARD 

10c per copy» postpaid 



This is the best, as well as the most interesting", contribution yet 
written on the question of Washing-ton's relation to Freemasonry. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
850 W. MADISON ST. CHICAGO. iLL. 



MODERN PROPHETS of BAAL 

OR 

WATCHMEN on ZION'S WALLS 

By President C. A. Blanchard. 

This is a tract especially intended for ministers. The term Baalism in referring to 
Masonry is used figuratively. **If we say Lord to any one who is not God, then we 
are worshipers of Baal and if we, who are religious teachers, call any one Lord 
except the true God, then we are prophets of Baal." This tract, in addition to setting 
forth the real relation of Masonic ministers to a heathen system, also gives the reasons 
why Christian preachers become prophets of Baal. 

In the appendix there is a chapter on Masonic Theology, taken from Mackey's "Masonic 
Ritualist", the author being the well known Past General Grand High Priest of the General 
Grand Chapter of the United States. There is also A Word to Bible Students, by Dean 
J. M. Gray, D. D., of the Moody Bible Institute, and there is a page of Bible quotations 
which are important in this connection. 

Thirty-two pages; Single copies three cents, per hundred, $2.00 postpaid. 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, 

850 West Madison Street, Chicago Ills. 



aiRISTIAN WORKERS' TRACTS 



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850 W. Madison St., CHICAGO, ILL. 




If a man i$ not willing to go to beaocn by 
the way of Calvary, be cannot go at alK many 
mcnlwant a religion in wbicb tbcrc i$ no crosf, 
but tbey cannot enter beavx^n tbat way. Tf we 
are to be disciplcj of 3e$u$ Cbrist we must 
deny ourselves and take up our cross and fol- 
low 1>lm. Do nottbink you will bave no bat-, 
ties if you follow tbe Hazarenc; many battles 
are;before you. But men do not obiect to a 
battle if tbey are confident tbat tbey will baoe 
ibe victory, and, tbanU 6od, every one of us 
may bavetbe victory if we will.— D. C. moody. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

Published Monthly by the National Christian 
Association, 



JAMES EDWIN PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor. 

850 West Madison Street, Chicago. 



Report of Eastern Secretary, Rev. W. B. 

Stoddard 94 

Report of Southern Agent, Rev. F. J. 

Davidson .......:... 95 

"Lizzie Woods' Letter" 95 

Modern Secret Societies, new edition.... 81 



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Entered as Second-class matter May 19, 1897, 
at the Post Office at Chicago, 111., under Act of 
March 3, 1879. 



CONTENTS 



Hope On, poem 65 

The JNIoral Warfare, poem, by J. G. Whit- 
tier 65 

A Study of Secret Fraternities, by a former 

member 65 

The Preacher's Duty, by Rev. H. P. Dan- 

necker 68 

Maccabee Bov Scouts— T/z^ San Francisco 

Call ....' 68 

Improved Order of Yellow Dogs 68 

Testimonies to the Grace of God (con- 
tinued), by Pres. C. A. Blanchard. . . . . 69 

Postal Savings Bank , . 73 

Gompers Would Defy Injunctions 74 

Taft Assaj^s Labor Leaders. 74 

*Accused Spy a Mason 74 

Is Freemasonry Responsible for the Great 

War? — The Fortnightly Review 75 

Union Vandal Defaces Houses — Chicago 

Herald 77 

Masons Aid Abortionists-— C/^/ra^fo Daily 

Tribune 77 

Jealous Camps 77 

The Coming Conflict (continued), by Ed- 
win Brown Graham 78 

Editorial : ' 

The Law Sustained 77 

Masonry in Chicago Politics. . . ..... 82 

The Craftsmen League 84 

*Saving the Little Red School House. ... 84 

Weeds Sprout Again 84 

Death Benefits Unpaid 85 

Worse Than a Fraternity 85 

The Game of Substitution 86 

News of Our Work: 

Review of the Year — General Secretary's 

Report 86 

Annual Corporate Meeting, Secretarv's 

Minutes '. . 90 

Annual Convention Letter, by Rev. P. 

Beck :■ /.. 92 

Board of Directors 93 

Washington State Convention 94 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA- 
TION. 

General Officers. 

President Rev. D. S. Warner; vice- 
president, Rev. J. H. B. Williams; re- 
cording secretary, Mrs. N. E. Kellogg; 
secretary-treasurer, Wm. I. Phillips. 
Board of Directors. 

George W. Bond, C. A. Blanchard, G. 
J. Haan, Albert B. Rutt, H. A. Fischer, 
Jr., J. M. Moore, Thomas C. McKnight, 
D. S. Warner, J. H. B. WiUiams, P. A. 
Kittelsby and M. P. F. Doermann. 



LECTURERS. 

Those desiring lectures or addresses 
may write to any of the speakers, named 
below : 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 31 18 Fourteenth 
St., N. W., Washington, D. G. 

Rev. F, J. Davidson, P. O. Box 223, 
White Gastle, La. 

Rev. G. G. Fait, Ellendale, N. D. 
Rev. Philemon Beck, Grafton, Galif. 

A BOOK FOR THE TIMES! 
LIGHT ON THE LAST DAYS. 

Being Familiar Studies in the Book of 
Revelation. 

BY REV. CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, D. D. 
President Wheaton College. 

IBELJEV192 that the church in this ae« 
sorely needs the teaching of this book (th« 
Revelation) — needs it for guidance, for 
comfort and for warning. We are ap- 
proaching the times with which this book par- 
ticularly deals. We have no right to be indif- 
ferent about it. God has written these words 
for the help of His people in all ages since ther 
were written, but they are of special import&nc€ 
to us and those who succeed us. 

Further, I have found that God's people in 
our time are greatly interested in this book. 
I have seldom preached on it without having 
friends ask me if the sermons were in print. 
This shows that the heart of man answers in 
this case, as in all other cases, to the Word of 
Ood.— CHARLES A. BLANCHARD. 

12mo, 152 pages, cloth, 75 cents net. Post- 
age, 6e extra. 

NATIONAL CHRIOTIAN ASSN. 
850 W. Madison St.. Chlcaa« 





"Jesas ansverd hhn, — 1 spakt openly to Ae nvrid; aod Id secret kave 



said DdthiDg." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XLVIII. 



CHICAGO, JULY, 19LS. 



X umber 3. 



HOPE ON. 

There was never a day so misty and gray 
That the bhie was not somewhere above it; 

There is never a mountain top ever so bleak 
That some little flower does not love it. 

There was never a night so dreary and dark 
That the stars were not somewhere shining; 

There is never cloud so heavy and black 
That it has not a silver lining. 

There's never a waiting time weary and long 
That will not some time have an ending. 

The most beautiful part of the landscape is 
where 
The sunshine and shadows are blending. 

Then let us hope on, though the way be long 
And the darkness be gathering fast, 

For the turn in the road is a little way on. 
Where the home lights will greet us at last. 

— Selected. 



THE MORAL WARFARE. 

BY J. G. WHITTIER. 

When Freedom, on her natal day, 

Within her war-rocked cradle lay, 
An iron race around her stood. 
Baptised her infant brow in blood. 

And, through the storm which round her swept, 

Their constant ward and watching kept. 

Then, where our quiet herds repose. 

The roar of baleful battle rose, 
And brethren of a common tongue 
To mortal strife as tigers sprung. 

And every gift on Freedom's shrine 

Was man for beast, and blood for wine. 

Our fathers to their graves have gone; 

Their strife is past — their triumphs won; 
But sterner trials wait the race 
Which rises to their honored place — 

A moral warfare with the crime 

And folly of an evil time. 

So let it be. Tn God's own might 
We gird us for the coming fight, 

And, strong in Him whose cause is ours, 

Tn conflict with unholy powers. 
We grasp the weapons He has given — 
The Light, the Truth, the Love of Heaven. 



A STUDY OF SECRET FRATERNITIES 

BY A FORMER MEMBER OF MANY FRA- 
TERNITIES. 

Can a professed follower of Jesus 
Christ be consistent and belong to any 
or all of them? Their name is legion: 
is their influence for or against vital 
Christianity? 

''How long halt ye between two opin- 
ions? If the Lord be God, follow him; 
if Baal, follow him." — I Kings, 18:21. 

"No man can serve two masters; for 
either he will hate the one and love the 
other ; or else, he will hold to the one 
and despise the other. Y^e cannot serve 
God and mammon." — Matthew, 6:24. 

This paper is not an exposure of the 
secret workings of any fraternity or 
lodge. The writer knows something of 
the secret work of no less than nine 
lodges and believes that for him to re- 
veal their secret workings would do no 
good and would do the lodges no harm, 
as there is nothing to reveal that could 
possibly concern anyone outside the 
lodge. The object of this paper is to 
study these lodges with reference to 
Christianity and the advancement of the 
Redeemer's kingdom, and to determine 
whether or not a Christian can belong to 
anv or all of them and do his best work 
for the kingdom of God in this world. 

If these lodges constitute an agency 
that will make the world better and if 
they are a help to the Church, then it 
is the duty of all Christian people to join 
them. If, on the other hand, they hin- 
der the work of Jesus Christ, no matter 
by how small a degree, then it is the 
duty of every one of His followers to 
come out of them, and place themselves 
where they have the greatest opportu- 
nitv for Christian service. 

When I speak of lodges I mean those 
with an altar, upon which is placed the 



66 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



Holy Bible, and in which a pagan wor- 
ship is practiced. If there are any se- 
cret societies which are organized for 
wordly purposes and do not haye the 
Holy Bible, or an altar, and make no 
pretense of worship, such societies are 
not included in the scope of this article. 
We gladly admit that people haye a right 
to organize for their protection in any 
line of human endeayor, but great wrong 
comes in making these societies semi- 
religious, which really is "Deyil wor- 
ship." and by which human souls are led 
to their everlasting undoing. 

Lodge Influence Is Against the Chruch in 
Her Fight Against Sin. 

The yery fact that the Holy Bible is 
on the altar while the lodge is in session 
— in fact, some of them cannot lawfully 
open without the Book upon the altar — 
is an eft'ort to satisfy the undying long- 
ing in the human souls for spiritual 
things. Thus at the yery threshold of 
the lodge we find our Holy Book used 
to lure people away from the source of 
all light and make them satisfied with 
less than the full measure of light yvhich 
Christ offers to the world through His 
only representative on earth, the Church. 
The lodge steals the time rightfully be- 
longing to the Church and which is nec- 
essary for the propagation of the truth 
that the kingdom may speedily come. 
The man goes to the lodge of Saturday 
night, and then on Sunday morning he 
is too tired to think of going to church 
and Sunday school. The natural result 
is that he finds he cannot serve God and 
mammon, and by degrees he gives up the 
service of God and gives himself wholly 
to the service of mammon. He is thus 
lured to his utter undoing ; his lodge soori 
becomes his all, and he works for it day 
, and night. Xothing seems to do him 
so much good as praise for the number 
of people he persuades to join the lodge, 
which loosens their ties to the Church if 
they are members, or if not members, it 
may eft"ectually prevent their joining the 
Church and making a public confession 
of Christ. The two do not work to- 
gether, as everv honest member of a 
lodge will testify. A man is a "good' 
lodge man, just in proportion as he neg- 
lects everything else, his religious obli- 
gations included, and makes his lodge 
his god. I do not claim that all lodge 



people realize this is true or will now 
believe it, but after years of study from 
the inside of the lodge room I am con- 
vinced that the lodge per se is opposed 
to the kingdom of God in this world and 
that its influence on its members must 
tend in the same direction. I have yet 
to see a single example of a spiritually 
minded Christian, either man or wom- 
an, who is at the same time even a pass- 
able lodge worker. 

Their Worship Is Mockery and Nearly 
Idolatry. 

The history of the lodge reveals the 
origin of their satanic propaganda. The 
Devil knows that people are naturally 
religious and makes the most of condi- 
tions as they are. He tells his dupes 
that the lodge is something as good as 
the Church. These people believe in the 
Bible, so they are permitted to use it as 
they worship in the dark. Sometimes a 
very small crumb will satisfy one's re- 
ligious longing. ]\Ien and women are 
elected to conduct the devotional exer- 
cises, without the slightest regard to 
their spiritual fitness. All members of 
the lodges are saved, from the lodge's 
standpoint, and one is just as fit as an- 
other, so what difference does it make 
as to who oft'ers prayer? I have seen 
one of the most profane men I ever 
knew, acting as spiritual conductor, stop 
in the middle of the written prayer, to 
exDlain some small matter, not connected 
with the prayer, with apparently no 
thought of solemnity, or that we were 
in the presence of God to whom we 
must give an account. The whole thing 
rattled along at a rate that must have 
pleased his Satanic majesty. All this 
occurred with the Bible, the Word of 
the Living God, opened upon the altar, 
and the lodge supposed to be worshiping 
its Author. Such worship can have 
nought but an evil eft'ect upon everyone. J 
once saw a prominent citizen in the chair 
of a society, which above all others is 
supposed to be nearest the church, who 
in the most solemn and impressive man- 
ner brous^ht the proceedings to a close, 
and in less than a minute after was 
mingling with the brothers and in the 
most open and blatant manner was blas- 
phemino: the God which a moment be- 
fore, after the manner of the lodge, he 
had been worshiping. ^len are placed 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



67 



at the head of these lodges, as well as in 
the distinctly religious offices, without 
the slightest regard to their moral quali- 
fications. If all worship not acceptable 
to God is rendered to the Devil, then we 
call upon every member of every secret 
society to witness that their worship is 
at least "near" Devil worship. 

Their Use of the Bible Not Religious. 

The Bible is always upon the altar, 
but just what use is made of it has 
never been explained to outsiders and it 
is not divulging any lodge secret to af- 
firm, as I hereby do affirm, that it is not 
used at all. It is there wholly for effect. 
The religious leader never reads a word 
from its pages, the man in the chair 
never says a word about it. and with 
much experience inside lodge rooms, I 
never saw it used in any way except as 
a rest for the hands, during certain of 
the obligations delivered and received. 
The Devil knows that a majority of civil- 
ized mankind respect the Bible, and that 
any institution opposing it will of neces- 
sity come to naught, and as badly as he 
hates it himself, if he can by using it in 
that way. put human souls to sleep, and 
make them feel secure in their carnality, 
he is more than willing that it shall re- 
main there and more than that, he is 
willing that the trumpet shall proclaim 
from the mountain tops, ''Behold, we 
are founded upon the Holy Bible!" Its 
use then is exactly the same as the use 
the boy has for a piece of fish suspend- 
ed above a steel trap into which the rac- 
coon steps seeking the tempting morsel. 
It is not to feed the raccoon that the 
bait is placed there, but rather that the 
boy may secure the pelt. Let us then 
dismiss forever the idea that there must 
be some good in these secret orders, be- 
cause they are founded upon the Bible, 
for such is not the fact. It is true that 
some of the lessons given in some of 
these orders are taken from the Bible, 
but it is done in such a way that their 
connections are destroyed so that a Bible 
reader can hardly recognize the Scrip- 
ture. The Bible used in this way will 
never help any into the light, or save one 
soul from death. 

The Name of Our Saviour is Omitted From 
All Their Rituals. 

The presumption is that this is done 
so as not to oft"end infidels, as^nostics. 



freethinkers and the Hebrews, who re- 
ject all accounts of the arrival of the 
Son of God. This fact was formerly 
concealed, but now the ritual of these 
orders has become common property, 
and none can deny or dispute the above 
declaration. This places the lodge en- 
tirely outside the Christian religion, and 
unless some way is found to be both 
Christian and pagan at the same time, it 
is a serious question how a Christian 
can belong to them. If he believe in 
Christ as the Saviour of the world, and 
that there is "no other name under 
heaven given among men whereby we 
must be saved," he must feel ill at ease 
to go into a hall or lodgeroom where 
his blaster is stopped at the threshold 
with "all that are not members will 
please retire." Jesus says, if ye ask any- 
thing ill ]jiy name I will give it to you. 
These lodges say. Ask nothing in the 
name of Jesus, lest you oft'end some 
dues paying infidel, or agnostic, or oth- 
er enemy of Jesus, ^^'e are on a broad 
platform — too broad for Jesus Christ 
the Son of God to stand upon. Xow 
my brother Christian, how can you fel- 
lowship men in any organization where 
Christ is excluded by law? There are 
societies, scientific, literary, political, 
commercial, etc., where the name of 
Christ might properly never be men- 
tioned, and it can be easily imagined 
that sincere Christian men might be- 
long to them without injury to their 
Christianity, but if any of these societies 
should enact that the name of Christ 
was under no circumstances to be men- 
tioned at all, then every loyal follower 
of Christ should instantly withdraw his 
presence and patronage, or else give up 
his religion. Between these two there 
is no middle ground upon which to 
stand, and yet every professed follower 
of the Christ in the lodge does try to 
find middle ground to stand on. It 
would seem as if this truth were forci- 
bly brought home to them, ninety per 
cent of professing Christians would 
withdraw from the lodge. If fifty per 
cent of the professed followers of 
Christ should sever their connection 
with the lodges, the lodges would col- 
lapse for lack of nourishment. It would 
seem, therefore, that the followers of 



mmmmmmmm 



6S CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE July, 1915. 

Christ by their support of the lodges, away from these orders, should he not? 

keep His worst foe alive and flourish- And then you admit that, if it is wrong 

ing. for a Christian to join a lodge, then the 

(To be continued.) preachers are doing their duty in con- 

demning the secret order and the Chris- 

THE PREACHER'S DUTY. tian church is not doing its duty that de- 
BY REV. H. P. DANNECKER. clarcs that it is possible for him to be a 
A\'e know that the temptation is great lodge member and also a Christian and 
for young men to join some secret or- by such a declaration encourages young 
der, and, if there is anything wrong in men to join a lodge. The question which 
these orders, it is not only our duty but every young man should ask himself be- 
every preacher's duty as faithful watch- fore he joins a lodge is not: Does this or 
men on the walls of Zion to give the that Christian church, or this or that 
needed warning. If you don't believe preacher condemn or sanction the lodge? 
this, take up your Bible and read Ezekiel but Is it light according to God's word 
3:17-21. We want you to look up that for me to join such an order? That is 
passage in the Old Testament, because the paramount question for every Chris- 
we want you to know what a serious tian in regard to what he should do and 
thing it is to be a preacher and to say what he should not do. Not this or that 
nothing about lodges, providing, of Christian church or this or that preach- 
course, that there is something wrong er, but the Word of God is our rule of 
about them. We don't like to be com- faith and life. And if anyone really is 
pared with another preacher who lets a Christian, he will hear the Word of 
the lodge sin alone and makes people be- God and not hide behind the skirts of 
lieve that they can be just as good some congregation that has nothing to 
Christians in the lodge as outside of it. say against the sin of secretism and mis- 
It is not fair unless lodges are all right, leads young men by its cowardly si- 
Of course, if lodges are all right, if lence. "To the law and to the testi- 
there is no wrong in them, if Christians mony : if they speak not according to 
commit no sin by joining them, then the this word, it is because there is no light 
church and its preacher, who oppose in them." Isaiah 8:20. The Word of 
lodges, are all wrong, and the churches God must be the arbiter in the question 
that take in lodge members and say about lodges. 

nothing against these secret orders, are — Der Lutherische Um^eiger. 

right. But if lodges are wrong, if a — 

Christian commits a sin by joinine- them, -'^^Sl^^-^^?, ,-^^X SCOUTS. 

.1 . jv -c 1 • J ^ New Children s Lodge. 

then we want credit for domo^ our duty a • -• r fi ^^ ^^^ 

1- . T- 1 • 1 T^i An oro^anization 01 more than so.ooo 

accordnig to hzekiel -1:17-21. Please -1 ^--ur a u ^u tv/t 

,., ^,1 r -^1 ri ^ boy scouts IS to be formed by the Mac- 

read It, therefore just to find out J^^^^^ ^^ j,^^ convetition here yester- 

whether any preacher has a right to keep ^, attended by delegated representing 

mum about the sm 01 lods^ery, and make J^ __ ^^ 1 -^ • \-u tt v ^ c*. ^ ^ 

I . . / .1 ^ •. • ^^S-Ooo Maccabees m the United States 
the impression on some people that it is ^^^\ r a *-• ^ + 1 . ,,4-u^,.;^ 

II . I, r 1 1 K ^ 1 and Canada action was taken authoriz- 
all rip^ht lor a church member to be a • 1 _ _ ^ t-u u^ ^ ;n k^ 
1 . ^ _^. , , . . mg- such a movement, ihe boys will be 
lodgeman. Ii a church member commits ^ ^ .^u T\/r u^ c ^.^/^ ;^u ^^ 

?,... ,, 11 .,^ known as the Maccabees Scouts with an 

a sm by loming a lodge, he has no rig-ht • , \ ^ \ a^ „^ .-,v,,^i ^-c ^u^;v. 

../•'. ^ , V 1 1 independent lodge and ritual 01 their 

to do it, and no church and no preacher, ^, ^ Z7,.^..^;<.^^ rr.i] iv/r^,r 00 

. ^ \ .. 11 ^1 own. — I he San trancisco Lall, May 22, 
and 1 don t care who they are, has a 

right to tell him he may join or leave 

him under that impression. Won't you IMPROVED ORDER OF YELLOW 

please read that passage, those five DOGS. 

verses in Ezekiel? I am anxious to nail J. C. Clift, of Baltimore, is the Su- 

this point and to clinch it. Are you sat- preme Thoroughbred of the Improved 

isfied that it is a preacher's duty to Order of Yellow Dogs. The local lodges 

preach against and to oppose every are called "kennels." The Yellow Dogs 

kind of sin? And if there is any sin in is strictly a fraternal order and is said 

secret orders he should preach against to have kennels in nearly all of the large 

that, too, and warn his people to keep cities. 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



69 



TESTIMONIES TO THE GRACE OF 

GOD. 

(Continued.) 

BY CHARLES A. BLANCHARD. 
Other Incidents in and About Worcester. 

In my last article 1 gave a general 

view of my work in ''The Heart of the 
Old Commonwealth." There were, how- 
ever, a number of special events connect- 
ed with that campaign which I think are 
of interest. One of them had to do with 
the fears which even good men have 
when they resolve to abandon the lodges. 

Just prior to the delivery of my lec- 
ture on ''How Is a Man Made a Ma- 
son?" I was told that a certain manu- 
facturer living in that city had been for 
years a seceding Mason and that he 
would be willing to bear testimony to the 
truth of the revelations if requested. I 
therefore called upon him in his office in 
a very large factory. I do not profess 
to know its exact length, but I should 
say that it had four or five hundred feet 
frontage on the street. It was filled with 
machines and men, fairly throbbing with 
industrial life. 

When I came into his office there were 
one or two gentlemen there and he 
seemed a little bit nervous, so I waited 
quietly until he came to me. He knew 
me, as I had been in the city for some 
time and he had been attending niy lec- 
tures in Washburn Hall. Having com- 
pleted the task he was about, he came to 
me and invited me first out of the office 
and then out of the factory and into the 
street. He excused himself for doing so, 
saying, "You see, Mr. Blanchard, I did 
not wish those gentlemen to hear what 
we may say." I then stated to him what 
I had heard ; that he was a seceding mem- 
ber of the order, and that as I was to 
lecture on the ceremonies and obligations, 
I should be glad, if he were willing to be 
present and tell the people whether what 
I said was true or not. He replied, "You 
will have to excuse me, Mr. Blanchard ; 
I am very sorry, but I will have to be ex- 



cused. There are many Freemasons who 
would not hesitate to burn a man's build- 
ings and there are those who would not 
hesitate to take his life." It was a rev- 
elation of the power which the order has 
over members who had abandoned it and 
had not for years reckoned themselves as 
identified with it. Here was a Chri>tian 
gentleman, a man of large wealth in one 
of the most beautiful cities of Massachu- 
setts, who was actually afraid to tell 
what was true respecting a subject of 
great public interest lest the members of 
the order should burn his buildings or 
take his life. 

When I mention facts like this in pub- 
lic addresses or private conversation men 
are continually saying to me that the 
whole thing is nonsense, that they would 
not do any unlawful deeds to defend 
their lodge, and some reckless ones pro- 
ceed to say that nobody else connected 
with the order would do so. Men who 
have taken the oaths and remember the 
penalties are, however, when the ques- 
tion comes fairly before them always 
careful what they say. I have seen it 
scores of times and I know it to be true. 
A man who has sworn allegiance to his 
society under a penalty of having his 
throat cut across, his tongue torn out In- 
the roots, his heart and vitals taken out, 
his body severed in two in the midst and 
his bowels burned to ashes in the center 
never becomes free from the terror un- 
less Christ makes him free. Fortunate!} 
there are many such — men who by the 
fear of God have been delivered from 
the fear of men. It is a great pleasure 
to know them, it is a pleasure to think 
of them, but it is sad to remcmlicr lliai 
professed Christians, even ministers of 
the Gospel, ha^'e taken these oaths and 
by reason of shame or self-interest or 
fear maintain them. 

A Visit to Wendell Phillips. 
There was a groti]) of great men de- 
velojUMl l)y the antislavery struggle. 



'0 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



Their works are household words 
throughout the English speaking world : 
William Lloyd Garrison, j. G. Birney, 
Salmon P. Chase, Wm. H. Seward, Ger- 
ritt Smith, Wendell Phillips and many 
others. 

Born as I was in the home of aboli- 
tionists, I early became familiar with 
these names. When I came to be a pub- 
lic lecturer one of the great joys of my 
life was from time to time to meet them 
and find that they were as strongly in 
sympathy with my work against the 
lodges as they had been with the efforts 
to remove American slavery. I do not 
at this time remember a single abolition- 
ist who was not opposed to secret socie- 
ties. The reason, of course, is obvious ; 
all virtues go in company and all vices 
are related. A pagan religion naturally 
is the friend of human oppression, and 
one who hates the oppression is not 
likely to love the religion. 

I went then to Boston one day to see 
W^endell Phillips. I did not then know 
that he had ever declared himself on the 
subject of secret societies. I did not 
know what his opinions were, but I 
thought it was worth while to ascertain. 
The old Phillips home was in Essex 
street just ofif Tremont. It looked like 
a doll's house. I never knew its exact 
width on the street but as I remember 
it, it was not more than sixteen to twenty 
feet. I would suppose more nearly the 
former than the latter figure. 

Ringing, I entered a little hall, went 
up a few narrow stairs and turning to 
the right walked along the hall to his 
study and reception room. It was a tiny 
room, the whole wall covered with books 
from floor to ceiling on every side and 
books and papers which were not shelved 
lying on a table which nearly filled the 
rest of the room. I sat in a chair near 
the window. Mr. Phillips shortly came 
in and sat on a short lounge or divan 
near the door. I said to him, ''Mr. Phil- 



lips, I am in the state of Massachusetts 
representing the National Christian As- 
sociation Opposed to Secret Societies. 
We are hoping to hold a convention in 
Worcester on certain days in June. I 
do not know your opinion respecting se- 
cret societies but, if you are opposed to 
them, we should be very grateful if we 
might have your co-operation in this con- 
vention." He looked up as I finished 
speaking and said, ''I am opposed to se- 
cret societies. I do not believe them to 
be necessary for any good purpose and 
I am sure they may be used for any evil 
purpose. I would gladly attend your 
convention, but June is the only month 
in the year in which I rest. If I do not 
take a vacation then, I do not have any 
at all. I do not dare to promise to be 
at your convention, but I will send you 
a letter which you may publish as widely 
as you like." 

This he did, declaring himself in un- 
equivocal terms as indicated in the re- 
mark above. 

I saw Mr. Phillips several times after 
that, always with unmixed delight. His 
gentleness, his strength, his perfect clear- 
ness of thought were beautiful to know. 

I had the pleasure of being at the 
home of John B. Gough in old Boylston 
near Worcester. He also was opposed 
to secret societies. I did not meet him 
at the time I was at the house, he being 
in Boston. I said to Mrs. Gough that I 
had hoped to meet her husband that I 
might learn his opinion of secret tem- 
perance orders as a means of promoting 
the temperance cause. She was a strong, 
positive nature, and answered quickly in 
decided tone, "I never speak for my hus- 
band, he speaks for himself, but if you 
wish to know what I think about secret 
societies I would just as lief tell you as 
not." I replied that I should be very 
pleased to know Mrs. Gough's opinion 
and she replied: 'T think secret socie- 
ties are sucking the lifeblood out of 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



71 



every decent thing there is in this coun- 
try." This was substantially her hus- 
band's opinion as stated in his public 
testimony. 

My First Mob. 
Careless speaking lodge men began 
threatening my life ahiiost as soon as my 
lecture work opened. I cannot say that 
it was pleasant to have men intimate that 
I might be shot or knifed, but repetition 
dulled the sensation somewhat and I be- 
came after a few months quite accus- 
tomed to remarks of that kind. In fact 
I had come to believe that the only dan- 
ger I need fear was that of a secret as- 
sault. I had reason to believe that lodge 
men of the baser sort would be perfectly 
willing to kill me if they could do so 
without danger of detection, but any as- 
sault which was public in character and 
subjected them to public notice I did not 
anticipate. 

About this time I was invited to Vine- 
land, New Jersey, for a week's meetings. 
I was the guest of a certain dentist. Dr. 
Welch, who at that time was beginning 
in a small way the manufacture of un- 
fermented wine. He was doing this prin- 
cipally in the interest of the communion 
table, wishing to furnish to churches a 
nonintoxicating drink for the celebration 
of the Lord's Supper. Of course he was 
a man who antagonized lodges. I had a 
very delightful home with him and my 
meetings were large and interesting from 
the beginning. They were held in an 
unfinished building called Plum's Hall. 

The public interest increased rapidly, 
as was evidenced by the crowds that 
came out. I spoke the first night in a 
general way, introducing the whole sub- 
ject, the second night on the ceremonies 
of Freemasonry, the third evening on the 
obligations of Freemasonry and the 
fourth on the religion of Freemasonry 
and the fifth night on subsidiary orders. 
Excitement ran high and it was an- 
nounced that on the evening following 
my last lecture a certain Unitarian cler-w 



gyman of the city would reply to me. The 
hall was packed with people. Of course 
I was present. My opponent was a 
Mark x\ntony sort of man. Through- 
out his entire address he was ap- 
parently getting the people ready to 
make a deadly assault on me. All 
the time he was in words urging 
them to quietness and generosity. He 
would say, ''No matter how deeply your 
feelings have been injured, no matter 
how deeply you may feel wronged, you 
ought not to be betrayed to any un- 
seemly attack upon the stranger who has 
come into your town to oppose the hon- 
ored institutions with which you are con- 
nected." I do not profess to repeat 
words at this distance of time, but this 
was the tone. 

When he finished a disreputable sort 
of man got up and made a direct assault, 
waving his cane in front of my face, de- 
claring that every person connected with 
my visit to the city ought to be hanged, 
etc., etc. Of course this was rather an 
unusual event. As I had nothing to 
do or say, I said nothing until their 
meeting was concluded, when I rose 
and asked permission to give a notice. 
Permission being granted by the chair- 
man, I stated that on the night following 
I would reply in that hall to the ad- 
dresses to which they had just listened, 
that the admission was free and every- 
body was invited. 

Shortly after this the meeting broke 
up, but crowds of people remained 
speaking in very earnest manner in dif- 
ferent parts of tlie liall. Prof. Will-on. 
for many years an educational writer 
for Harper Brothers. New York, came 
tO' me and said in view of the local ex- 
citement he thought it would be wise for 
me to leave Dr. \\'elch's home and re- 
main with him, which T was free to do. 
I thanked him for his interest and kind- 
ness, but said that I thought there was 
no danger and that I conld safel}' remain 
ith Dr. Welch. Shortlv after this. 



/I 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



however, the doctor himself came to me, 
saying that he had been notified that his 
house would be destroyed if I remained 
in it and that I had better accept the in- 
vitation of Prof. Willson. Of course I 
did so, thanking him again for his kind- 
ness. 

\\'e waited a little for the people to 
leave the hall, but they went out very 
slowly, large numbers remaining. Fin- 
ally, Prof. Willson turned to me and 
said, "I think we will go." At the time 
he offered his arm to his daughter, Miss 
Fannie Willson, Mrs. Willson took my 
arm and we started for the wide door 
which gave entrance and exit for the 
hall. We had hardly taken a step be- 
fore a group of men gathered around 
and stepped between Mrs. Willson and 
myself, pushing her to one side and tak- 
ing me by both arms. The two who held 
me moved with me rather rapidly toward 
the door and were surrounded by a 
group of twenty or more stalwart and 
determined fellows. I supposed I was 
in the hands of lodge men and for a mo- 
ment was somewhat disturbed. But 
there was nothing to do but to go on, so 
I w^ent on. When we reached the door, 
however, I saw that I was in the hands 
of friends and that my enemies were 
waiting for me there. This group of 
twenty men, more or less, who were with 
me pushed the men who were waiting in 
the door out into the street and still mov- 
ing in a solid body about me advanced 
toward Prof. Willson's carriage, which 
was surrounded by friends from the 
rear of the carriage to the horses' heads. 
Jnst as I stepped into the street I saw a 
rail in the hands of certain men. As 
they were seeking to get near me my 
friends also pushed them out of the road 
and men and rail disappeared. Others 
said, ''Where's that rope?" I did not 
see any rope. Whether there was one 
or not I cannot tell. The great crowd 
surged like waves of the sea but still the 



group of men who had me in hand 
pushed on toward the carriage. We 
reached it and were all seated when 
Prof. Willson gathered up the lines, took 
the whip in his hands and said to the 
men holding the horses, "Let them go." 
The men stood apart in two lines. Prof. 
Willson put the whip on the team and 
very rapidly we moved out toward his 
home. I saw nothing further of friends 
or enemies that night except the family 
into whose shelter I had gone, but I 
afterward learned that sixty armed men 
watched that house all night, the lodge 
men threatening its ruin and these men 
determined to protect it and me. 

By the next night the lodge men saw 
that they had shot their bolt and failed. 
Public sentiment, which had been very 
strong for the truth before, became prac- 
tically universal. The abusive speeches 
and the attempted violence satisfied a 
great number of persons who had never 
taken a position on the question that se- 
cret societies requiring such advocacy 
must necessarily be evils. My meeting 
the next night was attended by a great 
crowd ; the opposition being invited to 
speak did not respond. I was requested 
to preach in one or two churches the 
next Sabbath day, which I did. 

When I left the city three weeks after 
entering it, so far as one could see I had 
only friends there. Returning to Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts, I received not long 
after a gold watch bought at Tiffany's, 
New York, with a beautiful inscription 
engraved on the inner side of the front 
case. The words were substantially, 
"Presented to Charles Albert Blanchard 
by one hundred and ten ladies of Vine- 
land, N. J. 1871." This watch I carried 
for many years. It was a beautiful 
timepiece, and was of course endeared to 
me by association with that great strug- 
gle. When my oldest daughter gradu- 
ated from college I offered her the choice 
of this historic wa,tch or a new one 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



73 



which I would purchase. She chose the 
Vineland watch and it has since that day 
been in her possession. 

The whole series of events constitute 
another proof that when we are engaged 
in the Lord's work we have need for no 
anxiety, that He is both able and dis- 
posed to take care of His own truth and 
those who advocate it. 

At Worcester Again. 

Returning to "The Heart of the Old 

Commonwealth" I found a pamphlet 
written and published years before by 
Judge Pliny Merrick, I believe one of 
the chief justices of the state. Judge 
Merrick had been himself a Royal Arch 
Mason. In the agitations which followed 
the murder of William Morgan, Judge 
Merrick made up his mind that no good 
citizen could remain in fellowship with 
the fraternity. His renunciation, as it 
was called, was one of the best pieces of 
English writing it has ever been my good 
fortune to read. Friends gave me about 
two hundred dollars for the republica- 
tion of this renunciation. I therefore 
had ten thousand copies printed, which 
I sent to all ministers in the state of 
Massachusetts so far as I could secure 
their addresses. It is quite within 
bounds to say that the testimony of so 
highly respected a man as Judge Merrick 
produced a profound impression 
throughout the length and breadth of the 
old Bay State. 

There are some things which one can 
do and say that they are done, there are 
other things which if done must be done 
again. When one, for example, pays a 
debt, it is paid, but when one washes his 
face and hands he must be prepared to 
repeat the process the next day and the 
day following and to keep it up through 
life, if he wishes to be personally clean. 
It is so with testimony to great truths 
such as are advocated by the National 
Christian Association. Generations who 
have received the truth and walked in it 



will pass away. They will be succeeded 
by others and the^e others must also be 
informed or the}' arc likely to Ijecome 
the victims of many false religions or 
false fellowships which are placed be- 
fore them. 

Worcester, Massachusetts, is now 
about three times as large as it was wlien 
I entered it in 1(871. The offices which 
were rid of their Masonic incumljents 
are again, I suppose, largely filled Ijy 
Freemasons. The sober, thoughtful men 
and women of that day have largely been 
succeeded by persons of less serious and 
powerful personality. The churches 
which then declined to teach the people 
what they most needed to know slill do 
the Lord's work but in part. The result 
is that the formal religion has decayed 
and that a worldly, unchristian church 
life has become more prevalent than we 
could wish. While this is true and to 
be lamented it is also true that in Alassa- 
chusetts and throughout New England 
there are a great multitude of pious, hu- 
mane, wealthy, benevolent men and 
women. I do not believe that there is 
at the present time a place in the world 
where the average of intelligence and 
conscience is higher than in New Eng- 
land. I never hear the rushing of its 
streams or look upon its hills or the quiet 
of its village streets, the thoughtful faces 
of its men and women without being 
thankful that there is such a place in this 
country of ours. These feelings of mine, 
I think, will be shared in by all who know 
the people as well as I have come to 
know them. 



POSTAL SAVINGS BANK. 

Every person in the United States to 
years old or over may open an account 
in a postal savings bank after July i, 
according to an instructi\'c leaflet on the 
postal savings system just issued by Post- 
master General Burleson. This impor- 
tant extension of the service will be made 
possible by permitting persons living in 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



communities so sparsely settled as not 
to justify the designation of their local 
post offices as regular postal savings 
banks to open accounts by mail. An in- 
tending depositor, residing where there 
is no regularly designated postal savings 
bank, will apply to his local postmaster, 
who will see that necessary identification 
data is prepared and forwarded to a 
nearby post office authorized to accept 
deposits. The intending depositor will 
then be given permission to forward his 
first and subsequent deposits by money 
order or registered mail direct to the 
postmaster at the banking point for 
which receipts or certificates will be is- 
sued. He may withdraw all or any part 
of his postal savings by mail and on de- 
mand together with any interest that 
may be due him. 

The new leaflet points out that any 
person lo years old or over may open an 
account in his or her own name ; that an 
account may be opened by a married 
w^oman free from any control or inter- 
ference by her husband ; that post office 
officials are forbidden to disclose to any 
person, except the depositor, the amount 
of any deposits ; that withdrawals may 
be made without previous notice ; and 
that the government guarantees to repay 
all deposits on demand with accrued in- 
terest. 



press I propose to exercise my constitu- 
tional rights, the injunction of the 
courts to the contrary, notwithstanding." 
— Chicago Herald. 

When it is remembered that the "right 
of free speech and free press" for which 
Mr. Gompers contends is the privilege 
of ruining open shops through "unfair" 
and "blacklist" methods, his statement 
becomes a defiance not only of the 
courts and laws of the land, but of the 
very principles of freedom guaranteed 
to every man. It is probably safe to say 
that public opinion was never more un- 
favorable to organized labor than to- 
day, and as long as such leaders as 
Samuel Gompers are retained, the cause 
of labor will suffer, for, in their realiza- 
tion of pozuer the cause for which they 
were given the power is lost sight of. 



GOMPERS WOULD DEFY INJUNC- 
TIONS. 

Washington, May 27. — The federal 
industrial relations commission today 
concluded hearings which have been in 
progress for more than a year, which 
have touched every phase of the coun- 
try's industrial life and have taken the 
investigators from coast to coast. 

Samuel Gompers, president of the 
American Federation of Labor, was re- 
called to allow him to answer criticisms 
of organized labor and himself. 

He recited his experiences as a "vic- 
tim of attempts to restrict the rights of 
free speech and free press" and re- 
viewed his difficulties in the federal 
courts regarding injunctions and con- 
tempts. 

"I have declared and have main- 
tained," he said, "that when any court 
shall try by writ of injunction to deny 
me the rights of free speech and free 



TAFT ASSAILS LABOR LEADERS. 

Former President Taft, addressing 
the National Association of Manufac- 
turers at their annual banquet in New 
York on May 26th, said concerning 
trades unions : 

"I fully approve," the former presi- 
dent said, "of the principle of labor 
unions. But the power their leaders 
have acquired by the principle of com- 
bination in their organization has intoxi- 
cated them and they have exercised a 
tyranny over society and over their own 
members that is certainly leading to a 
reaction and to a restraint of their great 
powers within proper and lawful limits. 

"They have failed to condemn in any 
ways, as they ought, the use of criminal 
methods to which in a lawless spirit 
their representatives at various times 
have seen fit to resort. 

"In other words, they have sought to 
make themselves and their agents a 
privileged class not subject to the laws 
that affect every other man and even 
themselves when not engaged in labor 
disputes." 



Anton Kuepferle, the accused spy who 
hanged himself in a London jail on May 
20th, pinned his spiritual hope to his 
Masonic beliefs. In his letter "to whom 
it may concern" he is reported to have 
said, "I hope the Grand Architect of 
the Universe will lead me to the un- 
known land in the east." 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



75 



IS FREEMASONRY RESPONSIBLE 

FOR THE GREAT WAR? 

[The following article, taken from The Fort- 
nightly Review (Catholic), is printed because 
of its general interest. We have avoided dis- 
cussions of the general issues of the Euro- 
pean war as we have not seen anything affect- 
ing the special cause to which we are devoted. 
The following article is not inserted to stir 
up partisan discussion, but because of the pos- 
sible light it throws upon the underlying 
causes of the war. The article is said to be 
contributed by a Franco-Belgian journalist 
whose name is withheld.— Editor.] 

The Great War in Europe, as we all 
know, started from the premeditated as- 
sassination, at Serajevo, Bosnia, on June 
28, 1914, of Archduke Francis Ferdi- 
nand, heir to the Austrian throne. It is 
not so well known that this brutal deed 
was predicted Sept. 15, 1912, in the Paris 
"Revue Internationale des Societes Se- 
cretes" (No. 9, I, pp. 787-788). There, 
under the signature of "P. Esnia" (which 
is the nom-de-plume of a French con- 
tributor familiar with German and Aus- 
trian affairs), appeared the following: 

". . . The Emperor [of Austria Hungary] 
is faithful to the Pope, and the future Em- 
peror seems to be even more faithful. This 
the Masonic sect cannot view with com- 
placency. And so we can understand that, in 
1898, when the Austrian Parliament by accla- 
mation voted an appropriation for the jubilee 
feasts in honor of the old Emperor, two of 
the members were heard to exclaim : 'We 
shall stop these feasts !' The Empress Eliz- 
abeth fell under the knife of an assassin 
(Lucheni) at Geneva, where capital punish- 
ment had just been abolished. The knife of 
another assassin has but recently threatened 
the life of the Prince-Archbishop of Vienna 
and nearly prevented the celebration of the 
Eucharistic Congress. Perhaps some day we 
shall l)e able to understand and explain the 
following remark of a high-degree Freema- 
son, recently made in Switzerland, in regard 
to the Archduke, heir to the throne : 'He is 
all right. It is a pity that he is condemned. 
He will die on the steps of the throne.' " 

In the same "Revue Internationale des 
Societes Secretes" for July 20, 1914 (pp. 
12-15), under the caption "Le Drame de 
Serajevo," P. Esma said: 

"This warning had been personallv com- 
municated to the Duchess of Hohenberg, con- 
sort of the Archduke, in September, 1912. On 
June 28, 1914, in Bosnia, both the Archduke 
and his wife, after having escaped a first 
attempt by a bomb which maimed several of 
the Prince's followers, were killed in the 
streets of Serajevo by the revolver of an as- 
sassin. Had they escaped the bullets of this 
assassin, other bombs were ready to accom- 
plish the crime. Plainly there was a well- 
laid plot to do away with precisely the per- 



son sentenced to death by the chiefs of Oc- 
cultism in 1912. . . . 

"Within six hours following the crime, an 
alilji (if we may so call it) was forged (by 
the press) in favor of the secret society which 
had armed the Archduke's murderers. The 
crime, it was alleged, was attril)utable to a 
nationalist — Servian, Croatian, Albanian, any 
kind you like — plot. The Masons believed 
that the warning given in 1912 by the obscure 
Parisian 'Revue,' and upon which they had 
craftily thrown the cloak of oblivion or sar- 
casm, had Ijcen forgotten. However, on the 
evening of June 28, I sent to several news- 
papers a copy of the above-mentioned predic- 
tion, showing that the odious crime had been 
hatched in the secret international conclaves 
of the sect in Switzerland. The drama was 
enacted at the appointed time. It bears the 
earmarks, not of a Servian, Croatian or Al- 
banian patriotic plot, . . . but of anti-Cathol- 
icism, anti-Papalism. The Archduke was a 
militant Catholic of fine character, . . . ever 
ready to do what he conceived to be his duty, 
to. the end. The blind hatred unchained 
against him left him indifferent. This hatred 
was developed under the incessant action of 
the Masonic lodges, officially ignored in Aus- 
tria. ... 

"The Archduke had personally inquired into 
the sources of this persistent hatred . . . and 
found it too frequently bearing the so-called 
French mark. Those who prowl about the 
Vatican gathering the crumbs of the pon- 
tifical policy, . . . knew that on the day when 
it would become necessar}- to shelter the 
Papacy or a conclave, an Austrian cruiser 
would come up to receive the sacred keys of 
St. Peter, and that the Archduke Francis 
Ferdinand would be the first to board that 
cruiser at Trieste. The victim of Serajevo 
understood that the focus of the hatred 
roused against him, and of which he frllowed 
the trail to Switzerland, lay in France." 

The number of the "Revue Interna- 
tionale des Societes Secretes" containing 
these last-quoted remarks is dated Julv 
20, 1914, and the article from which they 
are extracted must have been written at 
least one month before the outbreak of 
the war. "P. Esma" is known among^ 
French Catholics as a trustworthy and 
well-informed writer. He knew the 
source of the prediction concerning the 
assassination of the Archduke and the 
identity of the high-degree Freemason 
responsible for that prediction. Xo doubt 
the time will come when all the details 
of the secret meetings licid in France. 
Switzerland and l^)elgra(le will ])e 
brought to light. We may depend ti]H)n 
the reliability of 1\ Esma's information 
regarding the inquiry made b}- the 
warned Archdid<e in regard to the so- 
called French mark, the focus of hatred 
hu'kino- ai2"ainst him in France, and the 



1(> 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



trail leading- to Switzerland. Until the 
whole truth is brought out, w^ould it be 
preposterous to assume that that "French 
mark" was ^lasonic, that the "focus of 
hatred" was lurking among French Ma- 
sons, and that the trail leading from 
France to Switzerland, and thence to 
Serajevo. was a ]\Iasonic conspiracy? 

Those who have made a study of Ma- 
sonry know that it is essentially interna- 
tional. International Masonry has been 
at the helm in France since 1877. The 
present French Republic was officially 
styled "the daughter of Freemasonry" at 
the ^lasonic "Convent" of Paris, Sep- 
tember, 1910. Would it be preposterous 
to suppose that, after a careful inquiry. 
Archduke Francis Ferdinand, who was 
an intimate friend of the German Em- 
peror, brought the results of his inquiry 
to the knowledge of the Kaiser, who, 
contrary to the traditions of the Hohen- 
zollern family, is not a Mason but a 
Christian? Would it be preposterous to 
believe that the Masonic international 
plot thus unearthed was directed not only 
against Catholic Austria, but likewise 
against her close ally, the German Em- 
pire? Perhaps we might then better un- 
derstand why Austria, wishing to ascer- 
tain the extent of Servian official com- 
plicity, first struck at the Servian govern- 
ment, which refused to make a fair ju- 
dicial investigation of the crime con- 
jointly with Austria, and why Germany, 
when the Russian government threatened 
to interfere in favor of Servia, struck 
simultaneously at the French Republic, 
Russia's ally. 

To me the true character of this war is 
that of an international plot against the 
Catholic Church and the Papacy, aiming 
at the destruction of Catholic Austria 
and its ally. 

International Masonry is now very 
powerful in Europe, throughout the Brit- 
ish Empire, and in the United States. 
Witness the role it has been playing in 
the recent relations between the United 
States and Mexico. It is at the helm in 
France and Portugal. It made modern 
Italy. It is spread throughout the 
Balkan States. In 1884, Pope Leo XIII 
w^rote in his Encyclical "Humanum 
genus": "Within a century and a half 
the sect of the Freemasons has made in- 
credible progress. Combining audacity 



with craftiness, it has invaded all ranks 
of the social hierarchy. It is beginning 
to assume, in the modern States, a pow- 
er which is equivalent to sovereignty." 
Has any modern State, since 1884, made 
serious opposition to the Masonic pow- 
er? Has not rather that power grown 
and increased? Have we not reason to 
believe that the occult power of inter- 
national Masonry, born in London at the 
beginning of the eighteenth century, and 
today almost omnipotent, is promoting 
an international revolutionary war 
against Christian peace and civilization ? 

Let me quote, in conclusion, a few 
words from Mr. Arthur Preuss' famous 
"Study in American Freemasonry," first 
published in 1908, and which has ap- 
peared in a complete French translation 
in the same international review that 
gave publicity to P. Esma's sensational 
prediction. Mr. Preuss concludes his 
searching study of American Masonry 
as follows : "As for us Catholics, if we 
remain longer in ignorance of the true 
character and aims of American esoteric 
Freemasonry, and neglect to take the 
proper precautions, in obedience to the 
oft repeated warning of our Holy Moth- 
er the Church, it will serve us right if 
the Masons succeed in obtaining the bal- 
ance of power in the United States, as 
they hold it today in France, and treat 
us in America as our poor brethren are 
treated in that beautiful but unfortunate 
land." 



UNION VANDAL DEFACES HOUSES. 

Sergeant Ralph Ackerman of the 
Fifth United States Cavalry was pass- 
ing the residence of R. J. Beatty in 
Highland Park early yesterday when 
he noticed a man walking about the 
house. 

He went closer, and saw the man ap- 
parently was daubing the house with 
paint. 

The sergeant was curious. He could 
not understand why anyone should paint 
his house after midnight. He ap- 
proached the man, and questioned him. 

The painter dropped his bucket and 
brushes and darted away. The sergeant 
pursued and caught him after half a 
mile run. There was a struggle and the 
serg^eant's opponent got a black eye. 

The village police force was awak- 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



// 



ened by Mrs. F. L. Wean, who had be- 
come alarmed at the noise made by the 
sergeant and his captive. 

The prisoner told the police his name 
was John A. Jones, of 718^ North 
Clark street, Chicago. He was a painter. 
The police found in his possession a 
union card. He refused to give any ex- 
planation. 

Painted by Nonunion Men. 

Daylight explained his presence with 
the paint bucket at the Beatty home. 
The house which recently had been 
painted white by Edward VVendling of 
14 Green Bay road, a nonunion man, 
was smeared and splotched with black, 
pitchy stuff which it was almost impos- 
sible to hide by painting over. 

The residences of Alfred Austrian and 
G. J. McBride, close by, which had also 
been painted white by nonunion work- 
men, were daubed and streaked with the 
same material. 

"I don't care if I go to jail," one of 
the policemen said Jones told him. 'T'll 
get paid for every day I spend there." — 
Chicago Herald, June 14, 191 5. 



MASONS AID ABORTIONISTS. 

Dr. Rudolph W. Holmes, at one time 
chairman of the Chicago Medical So- 
ciety's criminal abortion committee, tes- 
tified before a council subcommittee of 
the existence of a rich and powerful 
"abortion trust" employing "a suite of 
offices, a business manager, stenograph- 
ers and the best criminal lawyer in Chi- 
cago," says the Chicago Daily Tribune 
of June II, 1915. Speaking of his ex- 
perience when investigating abortionists. 
Dr. Holmes continued: "Midwives were 
shown abortion instruments and in- 
structed in their use. The trust had 
alibis, evidence, and witnesses on tap to 
protect its members. 

''One man was arrested. Two charges 
of murder had been laid against him. 
Again wires were pulled. Masons, 
priests, and politicians — character wit- 
nesses and alibi witnesses — came for- 
ward and interceded for him. On neith- 
er charge of murder was he ever tried. 
The cases were quietly nol-prossed." 



JEALOUS CAMPS. 

President Wilson says: "My urgent 
advice to you would be not only always 
to think first of America, but always to 
think first of humanity. You do not 
love humanity if you seek to divide hu- 
manity into jealous camps." 

Daniel Webster said : All secret asso- 
ciations, the members of which take up- 
on themselves extraordinary obligations 
to one another, and are bound together 
by secret oaths, are naturally sources of 
jealousy and just alarm to others; are 
especially unfavorable to harmony and 
mutual confidence among men living to- 
gether under popular institutions, and 
are dangerous to the general cause of 
civil liberty and good government." 



THE LAW SUSTAINED. 

Having belonged to the Kappa Sigma 
fraternity wdiile in Millsape College, an 
applicant for admisison to the Law 
school of the State University of 3klis- 
sissippi refused to sign a pledge not to 
aid the organization or perpetuation of 
any fraternity while a member of the 
state university. He also proceeded with 
educating himself in law^ so far as filing 
a suit was concerned. As a result he has 
now learned that the anti fraternity law 
of the state of ^lississippi is, after all 
constitutional. The lesson has taken the 
form of a Supreme Court decision rend- 
ered the first day of June. His aim was 
to have the law found unconstitutional, 
and then compel the University authori- 
ties to admit him to the law course. The 
law thus confirmed, now bars fraterni- 
ties from the state controlled and sup- 
ported university even more securely if 
possible than before this assault. The 
young man himself is already grounded 
in knowledge of one state law, and if he 
ought to be a lawyer, we ma}' wish him 
continued success from this beginning to 
the end of his course. 



Ousted, Michigan, is a village of about 
five hundred inhabitants and has seven 
secret societies. 



The gospel records seem to indicate 
that Jesus never made a choice in life 
without a prayer. Surely His followers 
who are called upon to make clioiccs be- 
tween good and evil, right and wrong, 
cannot hope to escape the pitfalls of sin 
and error if they neglect the great privi- 
lege of prayer. 



78 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



w 


3I|^ Olflmtng Cflttfltrt 

BY 
EDWIN BROWN GRAHAM 


* 



CHAPTER XXII. 

(Continued.) 
"Without a Thought Disloyal." 

The next morning Hidman was sick, 
indeed. His wife persuaded him to al- 
low AA'alter to prescribe. 

"For his mother's sake/' he said, but 
really for his own sake, for he was 
alarmed at the symptoms, "he can do 
as he thinks best.'' 

Walter examined his father and found 
him very sick. He offered to return 
every dav to visit him until he should 
get better. His father gladly consented. 
He had no confidence in Dr. Slim. He 
would not, when seriously sick himself, 
employ a physician in whom he had no 
confidence, although he had persuaded 
others to send for Slim instead of 
Groves. 

After writing a prescription and giv- 
ing the necessary directions, the medical 
deputy sheriff started to get his prisoner, 
to take him before the judge. He called 
at Groves', waited until time for the 
train and started to the station. As they 
walked along the streets of the village, 
all were astonished to see Groves ; some 
were delighted, a few seemed afraid of 
him, and some were evidently sorry for 
his reappearance. 

As soon as they reached the city, 
Groves was taken before Judge White, 
who immediately set an hour for hear- 
ing the case and summoned the wit- 
nesses. At the appointed time the ex- 
amination was begun. Groves was al- 
lowed to testify. Dr. Drake was com- 
pelled to give his testimony. The driver 
of the carriage was found and put on the 
stand. He gave clear and direct testi- 
mony, tending to show a conspiracy to 
kidnap Groves. The commissioners 
were called, but their testimony amount- 
ed to very little, chiefly because they 
had strangely forgotten almost all they 
ever knew about the case. Several 
other witnesses were called, some of 
whom answered in a ttraightforward 



way, and some as though they were un- 
der an obligation to ever conceal and 
never reveal the truth. 

The judge without any hesitation gave 
Groves his freedom, administered a 
severe rebuke to any and all who helped 
or in any way sympathized with such an 
outrageous crime as that of which the 
abductors were guilty, and issued a war- 
rant for the arrest of John Flagg on the 
charge of kidnaping. 

The warrant was placed in the hands 
of Sheriff Floridale. There was no ex- 
cuse for neglect of duty this time. Flagg 
was seen every day on the streets. Still 
he was not arrested. After several 
days. Judge White appointed a new 
deputy sheriff and put a warrant into his 
hands. At once Flagg left the city. 
Several citizens started in pursuit, over- 
took and arrested him and committed 
him to Park County jail. Upon a writ 
of habeas corpus he was brought before 
Judge Henry and admitted to bail in the 
sum of two hundred dollars ! The cir- 
cuit court met the next week. Five 
more men were needed to fill out the 
panel of the grand jury. James Lowle, 
the senior warden in a lodge ; John Brix, 
the secretary ; two other Masons, and 
Jerry Daller, an ardent friend of Flagg, 
were placed on the list by the sheriff. 
The rest were young and inexperienced 
men. No bill of indictment was found. 
Dr. J. B. Lumm wrote a glowing ac- 
count of the discharge of Flagg, which 
was published in the Megapolis Journal, 
whose editor-in-chief, as well as all 
others connected with the office, even 
down to the devil, was a member of the 
order. A paper in reply, written in be- 
half of the people of the county, and 
signed by Judge White, Dr. Hulman and 
a score of others, was sent to the same 
journal for publication, but never ap- 
peared. In that reply they say : 

"With the grand jury we have nothing to 
do; but with the same testimony as was 
given before Judge White, we will venture 
to say that there cannot be found twenty- 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



79 



three candid, respectable and intelligent men 
in the world who would not have found an 
indictment." 

Groves returned to Brandon as soon 
as released and resumed the practice of 
his profession. He was urged by his 
friends to bring a civil suit for damages 
against Flagg. But he heard the sneer- 
ing remarks of the brethren of the mys- 
tic tie, ''Who are your judges? Who 
will be your jurors? Who will be your 
witnesses?" He knew the trial would 
be a farce and leave him to pay the costs. 
He did not fear Judge White. He be- 
lieved White, although a inember, to be 
above the influence of the lodge. But 
he knew that the Masons, supposing they 
could not get injustice done to him from 
Judge White, would ask for a change of 
venue, swearing that they believed that 
they could not get justice. Some of the 
witnesses would be members of the or- 
der, and he remembered the teaching of 
the great Masonic author Rob. Morris. 

He was asked : 

"Does the Master Mason's obligation de- 
bar his giving evidence in a judicial inves- 
tigation when it is against a Master Ma- 
son?" He answered: "If prior and weightier 
duties do not prevent, every man should be 
ready to give any information when called 
upon to do so." 

Again it was asked : 

"Ought not a Master Mason, who loves 
strict integrity as well as Masonry, to stand 
up under all circumstances and tell the truth 
in evidence, even though it condemns a 
guilty Mason?" 

Morris dares to print and publish this 
answer: 

"Whatever is told must be the truth; but, 
as we have intimated, there are many occa- 
sions on which we are not compelled to 
tell at all." 

Again the writer instances a case in 
court and says : 

"Wc hold that B should not answer the 
question unless the lodge grants him per- 
mission. If the court is stupid enough, let 
them send him to jail or impose a fine; we 
should glory in thus testifying to the 
strength of our Masonic integrity." 

Again he says : 

"Should our own obligations ever come in 
conflict with statute laws, we shall first see 
that the law of God is not violated by our 
course, then refer the question to our lodge. 
Whatever is thus authoritatively given us 
we will follow with all the strength of mind 
we possess." 

Groves also remembered that Hon. 
John C. Spencer, the contemporary of 
William H. Seward and Millard Fil- 
more, wrote once as follows : 



"Magistrates and sheriffs have interposed 
every obstacle in their power; witnesses 
have been concealed and spirited away by 
them, the guilty have been assisted in escap- 
mg, or if brought to trial have been suc- 
cored and sustained by money, by profes- 
sional aid the best the country could afford, 
and by the presence and sanction of their 
brethren. Masons called as witnesses have 
refused to testify in cases where they could 
not implicate themselves, and have submit- 
ted to fine and imprisonment in order to 
screen their brethren; others more hardy 
have directly perjured themselves on the 
stand; when sitting as jurors they have ut- 
terly disregarded their duty and their oaths, 
and by obstinate perseverance have pro- 
cured the acquittal of their brethren, or 
compelled the courts to discharge them. 
The very fountain of justice is polluted; the 
conservative principle upon which all de- 
pends, the obligation of a judicial oath is 
corrupted. The power of the fraternity is 
equal to its need. It reached our present 
executive (De Witt Clinton), who had once 
as a judge applauded the spirit that was ex- 
cited by the abduction of a law abiding cit- 
izen, and converted him into an indifferent 
spectator of the means used to bring the of- 
fenders to justice. He disclosed my official, 
confidential communications, in consequence 
of which my efforts were baffled and I was 
subjected to every species of obloquy." 

He had also read of two recent cases 
in the metropolis of the Pacific coast. 
Two Masons, in different courts, re- 
fused to swear to facts which they knew 
because they should perjure themselves 
to the lodge by so doing. One said to 
his brother, the judge, "Your honor 
knows how it is yourself," and the other 
merely declined. One was excused and 
the other imprisoned a short time for 
contempt of court ; but neither was com- 
pelled to testify! Both judges were 
members of the order of Freemasonry. 

Groves was also reminded of the fol- 
lowing in the oration of Brainard, the 
eminent Masonic orator. 

"What is Masonry now? It is powerful! 
It comprises men of all ranks, wealth, office 
and talent, in power and out of power, and 
that in almost every place where power is 
of any importance; and it comprises among 
other classes of the community, to tlic low- 
est in large numbers, active men. united to- 
gether and capable of being directed by the 
efforts of others, so as to have the force of 
cement through the civilized world. They 
are distributed, too, with the means of 
knowing each other, and the means of keep- 
ing secret, and the means of co-operating, 
in the desk, in the legislative hall, on the 
bench, in every gathering of business, in 
every party of pleasure, in every enterprise 
of government, in every domestic circle, in 
peace and in war. among enemies and 



so 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



friends, in one place as well as in another! 
So powerful, indeed, is it at this time, that 
it fears nothing from violence, either public 
or private; for it has every means to learn it 
in season to counteract, defeat and punish." 
Groves remembered all these facts and 
wisely hesitated. While he believed 
there were some Masons like Judge 
White, he knew there were many of the 
other kind, and that it was no use for 
him to try to secure justice by the law. 
But the end of the case was not yet. 

The term of office for worshipful 
master soon expired, and he was at once 
arraigned before his lodge on the fol- 
lowing charges, signed by several mem- 
bers, among whose names appear those 
of Dr. J. B. Lumm and John Brix: 

David A. White is a member of St John's 
Lodge, No. 56, A. F. and A. M., under the 

Grand Lodge of the state of , and is 

guilt}' of the following unmasonic conduct, 
which being proven, should be attended with 
the penalties of the broken obligations. 

In the excitement grown up in this commu- 
nit}- out of a charge of crime against our 
brother John Flagg — 

1. The said David A. White has not ceased 
to charge individual brothers, and by infer- 
ence the lodge, with conniving and arranging 
to defeat the ends of public justice. In so 
doing he has headed and been regarded by 
others as the head of an antimasonic ex- 
citement, and the bitterest antimasons among 
our people quote him exultingly as authority 
for their charges against the order and indi- 
vidual brothers. 

2. At a public meeting held at the court- 
house in Megapolis, the 4th day of Oct., D. A. 
White did say substantially these '.hings : 
"That the sherifif, a brother Mason, had a 
warrant against Flagg. and saw him, and had 
it in his power to arrest him and would not 
do it." Being asked by R. P. Golden, our 
postmaster, why Floridale would not arrest 
Flagg, Judge White answered, "Because he is 
a Mason and Odd-Fellow." 

3. He also, at the same place, improperly 
made allusions to the obligation of a Master 
Mason. 

4. In the presence of Dr. J. B. Lumm, and 
to an excited crowd of outsiders, he said that 
he had learned that the Masons were going to 
attack him in the lodge because he had done 
his duty in pursuing a murderer, and that he 
was ready to defy and meet them. 

o. In the lodge he has reiterated the same 
statements, and defied the lodge to interfere 
with him. 

G. ]\Iany other things are reported of him 
which may be true or may not be ; and we, 
the undersigned Master Masons of St. John's 
Lodge, No. 56, believe that he is rapidly rush- 
ing toward open and avowed hostility to the 
order, and feel perfectly convinced that the 
safety of the institution reriuires immediate 
action on the part of the authorities. 

There are other particulars which we can- 



not communicate by writing, which press us 
to this measure, and we do earnestly urge 
immediate and energetic measures. Given 
under our hands at Megapolis, this 28th day 
of Nov. 

Signed, J. B. Lumm, John Brix, and others. 

The judge had not the remotest idea 
of being disloyal to the lodge. He did 
not consider that he had broken his 
obligations in the least. He did not un- 
derstand Masonry in the same way as 
did his brethren. He thought his course 
of action was required by justice and 
would be the most favorable to his order. 
He made the following answer to the 
charges : 

1. I deny I implied that the lodge was guilty 
of any offence. I charged individuals with 
endeavoring to defeat the ends of justice and 
improperly using the lodge to secure their 
object. Neither have I in any sense headed 
the antimasonic movement. All I did tends 
to defend the honor of the lodge. 

2. It is a fact that the sheriff would not 
arrest one charged with a crime, when direct- 
ed by proper authority, and had it in his 
power to do so. At the meeting in the court- 
house I denounced the conduct of the sheriff, 
repelled the charges made against our order, 
and assured the people that Masonry taught 
the contrary and that these men were acting 
on their own responsibility, and in derogation 
of their duties not only as officers and citi- 
zens, but also as Masons. 

3. I deny that I made any improper refer- 
ence to the obligation or secrets of a Mason. 

4. I admit the language was used by me 
and am ready to prove it. I was informed by 
Brother Fulton that it was arranged that I 
should be assassinated by certain members of 
this lodge. It was by my defiance and by 
the fact that the excited populace were guard- 
ing me that I escaped death at the hands of 
l:)rethren in obedience to Masonic oaths. 

5. This charge is too indefinite for answer. 
I confess that the conduct of some of the 
l)rethren is rapidly driving me toward open 
and avowed hostility to the order. One 
thing is apparent to me : We have Masons 
here who construe their obligations precisely 
as has been charged by the enemies of the 
lodge. But I have never so learned, and I 
have never so taught. Masonry. If I shall 
now learn that such is Masonry, vhen I will 
swear by the Great Supreme Architect, and by 
the God of gods, that I have had enough 
and the world has had too much of it. As I 
have learned Masonry I am still a loyal mem- 
ber, and so I subscribe myself. 

Yours fraternally, David A. White. 

St. John's Lodge, No. 56. 

This paper was sent to the secretary 
of the lodge one week before the regu- 
lar meeting at the full of the moon. 

On the evening of the meeting when 
the call was made for papers, Judge 
White presented the following: 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



81 



We hereby charge J. B. Lumm and John 
y Brix, Master Masons in St. John's Lodge, No. 
56, with the following unmasonic conduct : 

They each and both do hold and teach and 
urge upon the lodge and its members views of 
the duties and obligations of Masons to each 
other, and inculcate principles which are at 
variance with individual rights, derogatory to 
the interests of morality, in violation of the 
laws of the land^ in derogation of the order 
and well-being of society, and calculated to 
jeopardize the rights, property, liberty, repu- 
tation and lives of those who do not belong 
to the fraternity. 

Specification : At different times and places, 
especially in lodge assembled, they have 
taught : That a Mason has no right to expose 
a brothers crime; that the greater the crime 
the greater the obligation to conceal it; that 
the first duty of a Masonic state officer or 
citizen is to his lodge; that the lodge has the 
power of life and death over its members; 
that it has a right even by force to defend 
itself from the attacks of its enemies; that a 
member has no right to call on the state 
authorities to protect him from assassination 
by the lodge; and that one must deceive and 
lie, if necessary, to ever conceal and never re- 
veal the secrets of the order. 

Signed, David A. White, Peter T. Akern. 

In his remarks on the admission of 
this paper, the judge said: 

The first time I ever noticed these views 
was at the initiation of Brother Akern. When 
I, as worshipful master, told him that the 
assurance which I had given him at the altar, 
that nothing in Masonry would conflict with 
his duty to himself, his family, neighbor, 
church or state, was not falsified by any sub- 
sequent proceeding, teaching or ceremony, 
these men were offended. They then and 
there contended that Masons were bound to 
stand by and protect each other at all hazards 
and under all circumstances. Since that time, 
often in lodge and out of it, they have taught 
the same doctrine. I have found many other 
brethren who hold the same views. I have 
never so understood Masonry, and I never 
will. I bring up these charges so that if this 
doctrine is contrary to our principles these 
brethren may be only silenced; and if it is ac- 
cording to Masonry I wish to know it, and 
hereafter I will forever let it alone. 

Dr. J. B. Lumm objected to the admis- 
sion of these charges on the ground that 
the principles and teachings w^ere not 
censurable, because not contrary to Ma- 
sonry. He proved from the wording of 
the obligation and numerous authorities 
that his views were correct and that the 
judge was in error. The lodge by a 
three-fourths vote sustained the objec- 
tion. Judge White then gave notice of 
appeal to the Grand Lodge. 

When the time for his trial came he 
claimed that the lodge lacked jurisdic- 
tion over him in this case because the 



ofifense was alleged to have been com- 
mitted while he was worshipful master, 
and that he must Ije tried by the Grand 
Lodge. This objection also was sus- 
tained. 

At the meeting of the Grand Lodge, 
after a very brief consultation, the de- 
cision of St. John's Lodge in regard to 
the irrelevancy of the charges against 
Lumm and Brix, was confirmed. There- 
upon Judge White and two others gave 
notice, that since Masonry, as dehned by 
its highest court and understood general- 
ly by its members, was contrary to true 
patriotism, sound morality and the Chris- 
tian religion they did and would hence- 
forth renounce all connection with it. 
The Grand Lodge, therefore, after they 
had retired, expelled these three brethren 
for gross unmasonic conduct. 
(To be continued.) 



The seventh edition of Modern Secret 
Societies has now been issued by the N. 
C. A. and includes, for the first time an 
edition in stiff paper binding, which sells 
at 50 cents per copy, postpaid. We are 
now able to supply those who wish to 
purchase for distribution among minis- 
ters and Christian workers at small cost. 
The book will be furnished to those or- 
dering ten or more at 30 cents per copy, 
carriage not paid. 

The publishing house of the Church 
of the Brethren, have sent out to their 
ministers and Christian workers, to date 
2,497 copies of Modern Secret Societies, 
cloth bound. 



President Blanchard reports that the 
past year has been one of the best years 
for Wheaton College, financially, spirit- 
ually and educationally. 

Dr. Blanchard's conference engage- 
ments for the summer are as follows : 
June 18-27, Prophetic Conference, Berne. 
Lid.; July 11-25, Wheaton Bible Con- 
ference; July 18, preach for Rev. ^Ir. 
Dean, Chicago, 111. ; July 23-29, Erie- 
Side Bible Conference, Cleveland, O. ; 
August 1-6, Bible Conference, Old Or- 
chard, Me.: August 8-12, New York 
Bible Conference. 

Parents or others wishing to confer 
with him respecting school matters will 
be able to see him at the places and times 
designated. 



S2 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



EJitomL 



MASONRY IN CHICAGO POLITICS. 

Masonic tradition denies that Masonry 
is in politics. Nevertheless it is well 
known that it is in politics, although, 
working behind closed doors it is easy, 
in a measure, to conceal the facts. 

]\Iasonry, that unchanging ( ?) institu- 
tion of antiquity (1717) moves cautious- 
ly so as not to ruthlessly upset its al- 
leged traditions. Masons approach 
the subject of Masonry in politics half 
apologetically. For instance: "The Ma- 
sonic Chronicler has never presumed to 
tell its readers for whom they should 
vote -> * * xhe Chronicler, how- 
ever, feels that it will not have done its 
duty to the craft unless it points out a 
candidate for office who has vehemently 
denounced all secret societies," etc. 

In numerous pre-election editorials, 
the same paper violently opposed the 
Democratic candidate (a Catholic) for 
]\Iayor of Chicago, and in a subsequent 
issue claimed credit for his defeat. Says 
that ^lasonic journal: 

''The Chronicler insisted that it was the 
duty of all Chicago Masons, every one of 
whom was, because of his Masonry, pledged 
to patriotic citizenship, to take the strongest 
stand for the public schools * * * " 

"The Masonic Chronicler considers the 
preservation of the little red schoolhouse vital 
to the cause of Masonry. It is, in fact, a 
Masonic question. The Chronicler presented 
so many facts to its 100,000 readers that they 
were fully awake to the situation, and they 
did not need to be urged to vote for any 
particular candidate. The vital question was 
uppermost in their minds and the search for 
the candidate was neither long nor arduous. 
The Masonic Chronicler does not pick candi- 
dates for office. It discusses Masonic princi- 
ples, and the intelligent Mason is capable of 
deciding on the man for office." 

The American Freemason says that 
"The Chronicler takes some justified 
credit to itself for having placed the situ- 
ation fairly and truly before the broth- 
ers -^ "^ * ," and quotes The Chron- 
icler as follows : 

"It is a source of congratulation that at 
least 95 per cent of the 70,000 Masons of Chi- 
cago voted for the little red schoolhouse. 
This enormous vote was more than doubled 
by the wives, mothers, sisters and daughters, 
who were equally earnest and enthusiastic in 
the battle for the schools." 

That is to sav, Masons claim that 



something like 140,000 of the 150,000 
votes cast for Wm. H. Thompson were 
placed by Masons, their "wives, mothers, 
sisters and daughters." We would not 
belittle Masonic influence in politics, but 
it would appear to be another case of 
claiming everything within sight for the 
order. Impartial observers lay Mr. 
Thompson's sweeping victory to far dif- 
ferent causes. For instance, The World's 
Work for June, 1915, says that the land- 
slide for the Republican candidate was 
due to the unfortunate injection into the 
situation of European war sympathies. 

Mr. Joseph E. Morcombe, commenting 
editorially in The American Freemason 
warmly commends The Chronicler s ''pre- 
election campaign" and intimates that 
Masons are possessed of a peculiar sort 
of patriotism, which makes them the 
only fit guardians of the public school 
system. He says : 

"Duties of a positive nature are imposed 
[on initiation] and these are incumbent upon 
us as a part of our Masonic obligations. It 
can be insisted upon that we are bound, even 
more than others, to support the institutions 
of the republic and to uphold its principles. 
That such institutions and principles are akin, 
in essence, to the ideas and ideals of Freema- 
sonry is plain to those within and without 
the fraternity. Nor will it be disputed that 
because of the very confidence we have in 
each other, owing to the Masonic relationship, 
we may the more readily approach subjects 
of common concern, and more easily agree 
upon a common course of action deemed like- 
ly to result in greatest good. Between those 
pursuing a like course in merely partisan 
politics there is no such bond, nor do we as 
Masons seek to influence each other in affairs 
where wide differences of honest opinion are 
to be expected. 

"It was a real patriotism, as viewed from 
the clearest standpoint of informed Freema- 
sonry, that prompted The Chronicler's pre- 
election campaign, and that impelled almost 
the entire Masonic strength of Chicago to 
work and vote as they did for American and 
Masonic ideals. If there are still those who 
hold that such voters were wrong, in senti- 
ment or action, or that they have misused 
their Masonry in sensing the danger and 
unitedly opposing its further progress, I am 
glad to believe such critics are few in num- 
ber and insignificant in influence." 

Encouraged by what they professed to 
believe a great Masonic victory, The 
Chronicler turned its attention to other 
officials, one being the Fire Marshal, a 
Catholic, whom it hopes the Masonic 
Mavor will depose. 

Their chief opposition, however, was 
waged against Judge John Gibbons, for 



,uly, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



83 



many years an able and conscientious 
jurist in the circuit court of Chicago, be- 
cause he had characterized secret socie- 
ties as a "menace to law and order," and 
did not except the Masons. Under the 
title of 

Judge Who Denounces Secret Societies. 
1 he Chronicle}' proceeded to prophesy 
that, on election day, the "superior in- 
telligence" of Masons and members of 
other secret orders would call the judge 
"to the bar of public opinion to receive 
sentence." The editorial is as follows: 

''The Masonic Chronicler has never pre- 
sumed to tell its readers for whom they 
should vote. It is not within the province of 
this paper to do so. Moreover, Masons as 
intelligent as those in Chicago would no 
doubt resent such an intrusion upon their 
rights. The Chronicler, however, feels that 
it will not have done its duty to the craft 
unless it points out a candidate for office who 
has vehemently denounced all secret societies, 
with which, of course, is included the Masonic 
fraternity. 

"Judge John Gibbons is seeking re-election 
as judge of the circuit court. In 19r2, ac- 
cording to a report in the daily press, Judge 
Gibbons branded secret societies as 'enemies 
of the state and foes of our Christian civil- 
ization.' Whether or not an exception was 
made of the K. of C, the judge sayeth not. 

"It was during a hearing in the circuit court 
which involved a fight against the 'f rats' at 
the Oak Park high school that Judge Gibbons 
made his attack on secret organizations. Ac- 
cording to the Chicago Tribune of Sept. 1, 
1912, the judge said: 

" 'Secret societies are and always have been 
a menace to order and law. They inculcate 
in their members a spirit of insubordination, 
prevarication and falsehood, and thereby in- 
directly, if not directly shield from punish- 
ment members leagued together by secret 
pledges and pass words. 

" 'From the days when Robespierre and 
other Jacobins hoisted the red flag of the 
commune to the night when McNamara and 
other anarchists blew up the Times building 
in Los Angeles, every vile conspiracy that 
has shocked mankind and convulsed the na- 
tions may be traced to the evil influence of 
secret societies.' 

"Under the sheer weight of the opinion de- 
livered by this 'learned' jurist it might reason- 
ably have been supposed that fraternalism in 
Chicago would have been made round-shoul- 
dered if not borne down to the very ground. 
But, it was not. Then, when he classed the 
Masonic brethren and other fraternalists w^ith 
anarchists and dynamiters it seems miraculous 
that by this time the secret society men are 
not all in jail. But, they are not. 

"Today practically every man, and a lot of 
the women, belong to some secret order, and 
to those who have watched the remarkable 
growth and who have seen the fraternal good 
of these various organizations during the last 



half century, the utter imbecility of Judge 
Gibbons' assertions must be evident. If his 
opinions and his reasoning are as radical, 
bigoted and altogether unsound along other 
lines as they seem to have been in this case 
wherein a secret society was involved it may 
be seriously mooted if he is a man capable of 
that mental breadth and poise which should 
characterize those permitted to sit in judicial 
positions. 

"Judge Gibbons in his utterances above 
quoted invited the condemnation of all Ma- 
sons and other fraternity men in Chicago, 
regardless of their party affiliations. Should 
they visit their condemnation upon him it 
will not be because of the 'evil influence of 
secret societies,' but because of the superior 
intelligence of Masons and the men and 
women members of other kindred societies 
who will sit in judgment on June 7, when 
John Gibbons will be called to the bar of pub- 
lic opinion to receive sentence." 

Public opinion is still public and not 
Masonic, for Judge Gibbons stood near- 
ly at_ the head of the list, being fifth in 
position in number of votes received, 
among forty-seven candidates. His sum- 
mons "to the bar of public opinion to re- 
ceive sentence" sounds strangely like a 
commendation. 

If the election of Alayor Thompson 
was due to the "superior intelligence" of 
Masons and their ilk, w^hy was not the 
same psychic phenomenon manifest in 
the judicial election? The public seems 
to rather like men who are not afraid to 
state their convictions, even at the ex- 
pense of the superior intelligent, would 
be, secret guardians of public morals. 

Masonic political power may ultimate- 
ly have to be reckoned with, but thus far 
the leaders have not been able to get 
away from Masonic traditions sufficient- 
ly to control the votes of their meml^ers 
and grasp the power they see within 
their reach. 

Bombastic Claims. 

Masonry considers all men brothers. 
Hence, were Masonry ruling the n'orld. 
there would be no wars. — Te.vas Free- 
mason. 

The United States was founded by 
Masons ; the spirit of its constitution is 
Masonry ; and to insure its permanence 
it is necessary to see that none are put 
in control who hold principles antagonis- 
tic to the liberty of speech, free press 
and free public schools. — Masonic 
Troivel. 

The fight for the preserwition of the 
public schools is not politics, but // is 



84 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



Masonry — spreading the light — and a 
]\Iason who through indifference permits 
the system to be crippled by permitting 
it to fall into the hands of its enemies is 
guilty of neglecting a Masonic duty. — 
Texas Frecuiasoii. 



THE CRAFTSMEN LEAGUE. 

Conclusive evidence of the determina- 
tion of the ^Masonic fraternity to control 
the political situation in Chicago is found 
in the Craftsmen League with headquar- 
ters in the City Hall Square Building. D. 
R. Roller is president and Wm. P. 
^Meyers, secretary. Two "Ward Direc- 
tors" are assigned to each of the 35 
wards of the city. The secretary of this 
]\Iasonic political machine sent the let- 
ter, which w^e quote below, to the mem- 
bership of the craft throughout the city 
during the recent mayoralty campaign : 
Dear Sir and Brother : 

Some time ago we mailed you a card to 
be filled out, endorsing Wm. Hale Thompson 
for Mayor. If you have not yet filled it out, 
do so at once and mail it in. The above 
named League was organized for the pur- 
pose of mutually benefiting its members and 
because of the class and character of its 
members, we feel that we will hereafter he 
one of the factors to he considered hy all 
political parties. 

You were selected as one of its members 
because all of its charter members are your 
brothers, and know that you are interested in 
seeing good men in charge of our Municipal, 
State and Government Institutions. 

Heretofore, no puhlic recognition has been 
given to any one of our Fraternity, r^nd we 
feel, that numbering seventy thousand strong 
in this city alone, we should have representa- 
tives of our Fraternity in puhlic office, and 
they should he placed there hy the co-opera- 
tion of all the members of the Fraternity for 
the public welfare. 

No doubt, this thought has been in your 
mind for some time and now is your oppor- 
tunity to help bring about this much needed 
organization. We are permanently located 
at the above address and are holding meet- 
ings every Tuesday evening at 8 :00 p. m. 
You are cordially invited to attend and as- 
sure you a most enjoyable evening. No dues 
or initiation fees of any kind is necessary to 
become a member. Simply signify vour in- 
tention by signing the enclosed card and re- 
turn to us as soon as possible. 

Expecting to have the pleasure of your 
company at a very early date, we remain, 
Fraternally yours, 

William P. Meyers, Secretary. 

The war waged on Freemasonry by 
the Catholics has forced the Masons out 
of cover and to a certain degree to 
acknowledge their political ambitions. 



One can scarcely pick up a Masonic 
journal without finding considerable 
space devoted to "saving the little red 
schoolhouse.'' There is no doubt but 
that the American school system needs 
to be saved from its enemies, but that 
is a duty facing every loyal American 
and no more devolves upon the Mason 
as such than it does upon the Methodists 
or Baptists or any of the denominations 
in their religious capacities. The great 
hullabaloo then is only the cry of thief, 
raised to distract attention while the real 
fight for power goes on. It is a shrewd 
move and undoubtedly has added thous- 
ands of patriots to the ranks of Masonry 
who do not understand the real design 
behind the cry of patriotism. 



WEEDS SPROUT AGAIN. 

It has been a surprise to find that in 
a certain city where some years ago the 
high school frat trouble seemed to have 
been somewhat allayed, it has continued 
or reappeared in aggravated form. How 
serious the present affliction may be is 
inferred from first page news headlines, 
which may be copied here without their 
original display features. 

"Torture boys who join secret high 
school societies; Greek letters burned on 
their bodies at midnight ; ceremonies are 
on tomb ; school board to move for sup- 
pression of 'Trats"; good name of city's 
schools at stake ; evil practices and hab- 
its result from membership ; rumors of 
immorality cause concern ; power of 
committee sufficient. 

Rites that rival the tortures of 
mediaeval times are alleged to have at- 
tended the initiation of members of the 
city's Technical high school. ''In this 
particular society, Omicron Pi Sigma, 
the initiates' shoulders were branded 
with the three Greek letters," by flames 
blown from an alcohol lamp such as is 
used for pyrography. 

Previously, however, the victims had 
been taken to the bank of a wide river 
where, after debate, it was decided not 
to throw them in and let them shift for 
themselves. Instead of this, they were 
taken to a large park, where they were 
placed on the top of a tomb. Of course 
we are telling the case as alleged and 
reported. It was now eleven o'clock at 
night. Their outer colthing being re- 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



85 



moved, the boys were held while the let- 
ters were slowly burned into their flesh. 
Festering sores afterward remained, 
with a suggestion of the possibility that 
blood poisoning could develop. 

Shocking as initiations like this may 
seem, when practiced by a large number 
of societies in two high schools, reports 
of moral conditions are even more so. 
''The two boys' societies first named," 
says one report, "have in their member- 
ship many well known men who joined 
many years ago, before 'booze parties' — 
and even worse parties — were consid- 
ered the proper thing by modern chil- 
dren's secret societies. Even members 
of these fraternities say they ought to 
be abolished ; for they know chums and 
friends who have been ruined by the 
habits they acquired while members of 
them." In the discussion of high school 
societies at the earlier time to which we 
have referred, there was a compromis- 
ing settlement which seems to have 
failed of accomplishing a radical cure 
of the evil which of late appears to be 
rampant. 



predict that the members will not stand 
together if it is true that about half of 
itself is about to be added to the pre- 
mium which a member must pay, 
" 'Tis the old, old story surely, 
'Tis the same old story still." 



DEATH BENEFITS UNPAID. 

What a sanctimonious drift seems to 
pervade the whole raft of secret orders! 
One thing which keeps it constantly 
manifest is the nomenclature of orders 
and degrees. In one city a "United Or- 
der of Pilgrim Fathers" has a lodge 
named "Hope Colony." It is said that 
this order has, in spite of such encour- 
aging names, so disappointed the hopes 
of those who trusted its allurements, 
that the insurance commissioner has no- 
tified the officers that something must be 
done to rectify conditions due to failure 
to pay death benefits, and to the huge 
indebtedness incurred. A deficit of 
$150,000 is alleged as part of this so- 
ciety's trouble, yet it is not the whole. 
Increase of assessment rates brings 
larger returns from some of the mem- 
bers of course ; yet also of course, sink- 
ing away of membership follows, and 
the larger premium comes from fewer 
patrons. There is an almost amusing re- 
port that the supreme officers held a 
meeting after which they announced 
that "if the members stood together the 
deficiency would soon be overcome.'' 
"Much virtue in an If !" We can safely 



WORSE THAN A FRATERNITY. 

It is paying the college fraternities no 
florid compliment — it is not even mak- 
ing a great concession — to admit that, 
bad as they often are, they are not rated 
in our estimation with the Masonic or- 
der, so far as the more radical and deep- 
er evil in fundamental principle is con- 
cerned. Without dwelling on the ques- 
tion whether they are in practice and in 
moral influence inconsistent with true 
religious life, we do cling to the belief 
that they do not descend so deeply as 
Masonic societies into "The depths of 
Satan." Hence we regard it as seeking 
a "lower deep" when a college organizes 
a Masonic club. The case is aggravated 
when the institution is known as a 
Young Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege, as is the case of an institution lo- 
cated at Springfield, Mass. This looks 
like a peculiarly glaring contravention 
of the rule not to be "unequally yoked 
with unbelievers." 

One of the city papers has reported 
in a morning issue that "Plans were 
made by a group of Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association college students who 
are members of the Masonic order for 
the organization of a permanent Ma- 
sonic society in the college, at a camp- 
fire social held in Garrish grove last 
evening." A committee served refresh- 
ments to their "brothers" who were 
seated "around a roaring camp-fire," 
after which a member of the faculty — 
as we judge — headed a discussion of 
Masonic affairs ; upon which, three 
members of the party were chosen as a 
committee to formulate plans for organ- 
izing a college Masonic club at the be- 
ginning of the next college year. At 
least five Masons are expected to enter 
the college course at that time, while 
there are already fifteen Masons in at- 
tendance. One of the announced pur- 
poses is "To come into closer relation 
with the members of the fraternity in 
the various Masonic lodges of the city." 
It is easy to divine an ulterior purpose 



■S6 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



of filling the position of Y. M. C A. Sec- 
retary in various cities and villages with 
'Masonic incumbents, who will not only 
be favored in obtaining preference with- 
out full reference to genuine qualifica- 
tions, but will also be depended upon to 
promote the interests of lodges in the 
vicinity of \\ M. C. A. branches. This 
'we cannot fail to regard as an evil pur- 
pose. ■ ■ ■ ■ ....:-.,.• 



THE GAME OF SUBSTITUTION. 

Both the Masons and Eastern Star 
auxiliary attended Sunday service in a 
bodv, ^lay 23, in one of the Congrega- 
tional churches of a New England col- 
lege town. Taking Romans i 125 as a 
text, the pastor spoke on 'The game of 
substitution." According to the report 
giving an extremely brief abstract of 
the sermon, he appears to have dealt 
gently and favorably with the orders be- 
fore him, yet according to one of the 
brief reports "He discussed the substitu- 
tion of holidays for holy days, the lodge 
for the church and the home, and the 
teachings of man for the teachings of 
Christ. He said that such substitutions 
are the cause of losing in the game of 
.life." 

•We note as a coincidence that another 
speaker preaching at the same hour in 
the college chapel near by, said that 
the energies of Paul's mind were ''fo- 
cussed upon an object worth while," and 
remarked that "The enemy of the high- 
est is the content with the second best: 
light gray, not black, is the destroyer of 
pure white." Such an illustration fits 
well the idea that substituting some or- 
ganization that professes to steal the liv- 
ery of the court of heaven, and borrows 
from the biblical vocabulary something 
to use for a password, attains as a result 
not gaining but "losing in the game of 
life." . , ■ 

There come to mind such words of 
• our Lord himself as, "Verily, verily I 
say unto you, he that entereth not by 
the door into the fold of the sheep, but 
climbeth up some other way, the same is 
a thief and a robber" ; "Beware of false 
prophets, who come to you in sheep's 
clothing but inwardly they are ravening 
< wolves." 



jlm$ of @ut Pori 

THE N. C. A. ANNUAL MEETING. 
Review of the Year. 

BY SECRETARY WM. I. PHILLIPS. 

Copies of the Christian Cynosure 
have gone, month by month, during the 
past year into 46 of the states of the 
Union and into Canada, Brazil, Turkey, 
Argentina, South Australia, Cuba and 
Japan. The total issue for the year was 
37,125. Through the use of sample 
copies in stock, many more than the fore- 
going number have been distributed. 

A few more than one thousand books 
and booklets were placed in school li- 
braries and given to theological gradu- 
ates and others where, in the judgment 
of your officers, they would do the most 
good. Between one and two hundred 
thousand pages of tracts were also gra- 
tuitously distributed by paid or volun- 
tary agents in many states of the Union 
and in foreign lands. , .■... .... 

-. Many more books and tracts were 
sold, of course, than were given away. 
The tract sales also were little better 
this year than last, when their increase 
was 200% over the previous year. This 
is doubtless due to advertising. Some 
of the leading religious papers refused 
the advertisement of our "Christian 
Workers' Tracts" on the ground that 
the matter was controversial. If it is 
true, as reported to us, that the editors 
were themselves Masons, that may have 
had a bearing on their action. These 
papers were The Continent, presbyte- 
rian ; The Congregationalist of Boston ; 
The Northzve stern Christian Advocate; 
and The Christian Herald. Our adver- 
tisements were placed in The Christian 
Workers' Magazine, Homiletic Review, 
and in some of the papers of the fol- 
lowing denominations : Congregational, 
Methodist Episcopal, Presbyterian, Lu- 
theran, Christian, Baptist and United 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



87 



Presbyterian, some twenty different pub- 
lications in all. 

Agents Stoddard, Davidson and Murr- 
man gave 620 addresses during the year, 
and by private conversations and the dis- 
tribution of tracts reached many minds 
and we may hope with lasting results 
for good. 

We must not forget the labors of Liz- 
zie Woods Roberson, Rev. J. L. Davis, 
Elder G. B. Crockett, Mr. A. J. Louden- 
back, Rev. Philip Beck and many others, 
whose efforts have been constant and 
largely a labor of love, with compara- 
tively little expense to this Association. 
"When the enemy shall come in like a 
flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up 
a standard against him." We have many 
illustrations of this truth. A farmer at 
the present time is offering his farm for 
sale and preparing himself by study, in- 
tending to give his whole time to preach- 
ing the gospel of separation with con- 
stant reference to secret societies. There 
are several others, also, planning to de- 
vote more or less of their time in a 
similar way in different parts of our 
country. The National Christian Asso- 
ciation is the chief source of supply for 
all such and hence the propriety of men- 
tioning them in this place. Indeed we 
get many a commendation from peo- 
ple of different denominations whose 
churches are well-known antagonists to 
organized secrecy. A letter just received 
from a pastor of the great and strongly 
antisecrecy Lutheran Church states : 

"I feel as though I should in some way sup- 
port the splendid work of the National Chris- 
tian Association and therefore enclose my 
check ($1.00) as a subscription to the 
Christian Cynosure for one year, and am 
satisfied that I shall be more benefited by the 
reading of your fearless and determined pub- 
lication than your Association could be by my 
meager subscription. Wishing you God speed, 
I am," etc. 

A missionary from the interior of 
China, Rev. E. R. Beckman, recently vis- 
ited our office for information as to a 



certain secret society. We were much 
interested in his statement that every 
one of the thousand missionaries of the 
China Inland Mission, of which his mis- 
sion is a branch, make sure by careful 
inquiry and investigation that a China- 
man applying for membership has aban- 
doned every secret society with which 
he may have had any alliance in the 
past. This is done before his baptism 
and admission into the church. Three 
years ago this missionary's converts 
withstood a severe test. His male mem- 
bers came to him and told him that they 
were required on pain of death to join 
a revolutionary secret society for the 
overthrow of the government ; that the 
branch at his station had decided to de- 
stroy all Christian Chinese who would 
not join them and all foreigners were 
also to be slain. Notwithstanding they 
were in danger of death, only one mem- 
ber, and he a backslider, joined this 
lodge. The revolution came more quick- 
ly than was anticipated and this mission- 
ary's poor wife and daughter, and a 
number of his helpers, were slain, he 
himself barely escaping with his life. 
Word finally came from the central power 
of this revolutionary lodge that foreign- 
ers were not to be killed, and so this mis- 
sionary's life was not only spared but the 
work at his mission station is again go- 
ing forward. Isn't it a cheering thought 
that a thousand of such missionaries are 
doing the very work in Central China 
that we are endeavoring: to do in our 
own land ? Ought it not to put us to 
shame for being so cowardly when we 

find such primitive faith among the Chi- 
nese? Said this missionary : *'\\'e could 

have thousands of converts instead of 
hundreds if we did not require such 
thorough work.'' Is it not heart-sicken- 
ing to think of the fear in which we live 
of antagonizing the lodge lest we lose 
members and suffer persecution? 

Some of the incidents of special in- 



88 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



terest of the work of the past will be 
found in the reports of Secretary Stod- 
dard. Agent Davidson and Mrs. Rober- 
son to be read in your hearing to-day, 
and hence need not be mentioned here. 
Rev. Adam Murrman's strenuous cam- 
paign in Nebraska was short, beginning 
at Rulo and ending at Humboldt. His 
experience at Rulo and other places was 
quite interesting and unusual, and 
reached its climax at Humboldt, where 
mob violence was threatened and was 
only prevented by the prompt action of 
the mayor. His labors as a witness, 
however, are not ended. An incident 
in his service for the King of kings will 
not be amiss. He became pastor of a 
Presbyterian Church and agreed to stay 
for six months. His predecessor, a Ma- 
sonic pastor, had just left. Instead of 
small congregations which had charac- 
terized the church in the year preced- 
ing, they were large, at times taxing the 
capacity of the church. Instead of three 
men in an evening service, there were a 
goodly number present. Church offer- 
ings also were largely increased. When 
he preached on the relation of the church 
to the lodge, the audience room was 
taxed to its utmost capacity. At the end 
of the six months' period, a large ma- 
jority of the church wanted him to con- 
tinue with them. 

The seventh edition of ''Modern Se- 
cret Societies" was published by the As- 
sociation during the past year. The 
book is now furnished in paper, cloth 
and full leather binding at prices rang- 
ing from 50c to $1.00. The seventh is 
an addition of 3,300 copies. 

We are thankful to advise this annual 
meeting that the entire Carpenter Build- 
ing is once more fully occupied in Chris- 
tian activities. The National Christian 
Association has rented for Christian 
work to the City Mission of the Chris- 
tian Reformed Churches of Chicago all 
that portion not used in its own work. 



The alterations and improvements put 
in by the Association, necessitated by the 
coming in of the Mission, amounted to 
$1,750. In addition to this, the Mission 
installed its own steam heating plant at 
a cost of something over $500, which 
the Association will take over if the time 
shall come when the Christian Reformed 
Churches give up evangelistic work in 
this particular section of the city. 

State Conventions have been held in 
New York, Pennsylvania, Indiana and 
Ohio. Others were planned, but because 
of unforeseen obstacles were not held. 
The Iowa State Convention will be held 
(D. V.) at Waterloo in the early fall. 
The Washington State Convention will 
be held in Seattle in July. The Annual 
Convention, which was held this month 
at Flora, Ind., was well attended and 
accomplished good not only to the vis- 
itors from abroad but to the member- 
ship of the church in which it was held 
and the community round about, as is 
evidenced by reports from the pastor of 
the Flora church and others. 

It is the first time, we believe, in the 
history of our Association, when so large 
a number of active members have en- 
tered the "Ageless Land" in the same 
year. Two of these had been for a num- 
ber of years members of the Board of 
Directors, giving valuable time and coun- 
sel to the affairs of the Association, and, 
though constant contributors, they saw 
to it that their largest offering should be 
the one as they took their departure. We 
refer to Judge George Bent and Eld. 
Joseph Amick. 

Mrs. Amanda Smith, whose voice in 
exhortation and song had been heard not 
only on the N. C. A. platforms, but far 
and wide over our land, as well as in 
Africa and India, for every good cause 
— Amanda Smith, born a slave and 
freed ; and enslaved again by the lodge ; 
born again ''from above" and freed from 
the lodge and all her sins, was present 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



89 



with us last year by cheering letter in 
which she said: 

"I am glad for the National Christian 
Association and for the work it is doing 
in opening the eyes of the blind and set- 
ting free many who are bound with 
chains stronger than iron.'' 

Another, who in point of length of 
service antedates all others, was Mrs. 
Ezra A. Cook. From i86g to the day of 
her departure she was active in making 
and placing antisecret literature where it 
might enlighten all lands. Forty-six 
years in this service ! And her labors 
do follow her. She also left a bequest 
to the Association. 

In the June issue of the Cynosure 
will appear an interesting autobiograph- 
ical sketch of one of our Association's 
oldest friends and most persistent work- 
ers. A. Judson Millard of Little Rock, 
Arkansas, was a well-known contractor 
and builder both in his own and neigh- 
boring cities. Late in life he was or- 
dained to preach the gospel and did so, 
without compensation, in the needy 
places about Little Rock. In his letter 
to the Annual Meeting last year, among 
other things he said, "I know that I have 
been the means of leading hundreds of 
Masons out of lodge bondage." All 
things considered, his was a remarkable 
life, and what an abundant and warm 
welcome into rest such a faithful one 
must experience. 

May I be permitted a word of ac- 
knowledgment of the deep obligation 
which I personally feel towards the 
members of your Board of Directors for 
their untiring service in the work to 
which you called them ? Without their aid 
your General Secretary could have done 
nothing. And to see men loaded to the 
gunwales with church or commercial and 
other duties, coming together time after 
time, and patiently and faithfully con- 
sidering and directing the affairs of 



this Association, and giving time and 
strength, without a cent of compensa- 
tion, and aid that is worth more than 
money — this has been an inspiration and 
assistance to your Secretary that words 
of mine cannot fittingly express. I want- 
ed to state this fact with the hope that 
it shall stimulate you to prayer and sym- 
pathy for the new Board to be chosen to- 
day. 

The past year is a closed book. We 
must face forward. Let us "look up, 
lift up." 

The same force of helpers that served 
the Association last year may be main- 
tained, we hope, during the coming year. 
If it shall seem best to you to elect 
James E. Phillips Assistant Secretary 
and Editor, then, if continued in office, 
your General Secretary and Treasurer 
may spend, he hopes, a large share of 
his time on the field in special work that 
shall be helpful, he trusts, to the cause. 

It seems to me that the services of 
Secretary Stoddard should be more 
widely used, if possible, than in the past. 
The campaign of two months last year 
in the South, and his unvarying success 
in whatever state he has labored, shows 
that it is practicable. Then instead of 
three or four State Conventions, we 
could have two or three times that num- 
ber. And an increase in contributions 
such as ought to be experienced and may 
be expected will enable the new Board 
of Directors to put another agent into 
the field for at least a part of the year. 

Our great problem is financial support. 
The past year has been a hard one* in 
which to secure contributions. Some of 
the people have had the money — there 
are many good bank accounts in the 
names of antisecretists, — but thc\- hesi- 
tate about enlarging their bank account 
with God. Is it because the>' do not 
know how the present war shall end or is 
it for some more important reason? We 



90 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



are hoping for better things this coming 
year. Indeed, thankfulness to God that 
we are free from the horrors of war 
should stimulate giving. And pity for 
the poor deceived people who are build- 
ing temples for the lodge God, as well 
as sorrow and sympathy for the churches 
so lacking in spiritual life and courage 
tliat they have not strength to attack the 
weakest devil, should determine us to 
make the greatest financial sacrifices pos- 
sible. If we are to spend eternity in 
heaven, ought it not to be our chiefest 
concern and happiness to have an in- 
creasing bank account up there? 

"AVatchman, what of the night?" Nat- 
urally, we love peace and lament agita- 
tion. It is not a long step to detesting 
agitators ! And yet they are the best 
moral tonic that a community can have. 
Stagnant waters breed pests. Evil un- 
assailed becomes more and more strongly 
intrenched until people, ceasing to con- 
tend for freedom, cease to appreciate and 
lose it. It was but yesterday that a little 
girl at play in this city was horribly 
slain ; and many men have experienced 
the same fate on the same street. "The 
Black Hand," you say ! Yes, and these 
people are passive under its awful rule. 
There are no reformers among them ! 

Think of the generations that have 
come and gone since antisaloon agi- 
tators first appeared in the land. The 
hearts of many had grown faint and 
weary with hope deferred, when, lo, the 
world in a year suddenly declares the 
saloon an outlaw. Why was the saloon 
such an impregnable fortress for ages? 
Why are secret societies so deeply in- 
trenched in this country? Because dur- 
ing most of the time opposition has been 
so fitful and feeble. How much public 
instruction is the pulpit and press giving 
to combat the lodge evils? God is not 
pleased to have it thus. He will plague 
the churches and communities until they 
change into aggressive opposition. Sla- 



very would have been wiped out and a 
million lives saved and untold wealth 
conserved, had church and press given 
needed instruction. The lodge is worse 
than human slavery and it is not sec- 
tional, and its blight is upon church and 
home and state. All hail to the Gideon 
band of agitators in our broad land who, 
seeing the evil, are not to be discouraged 
because there are only "three hundred," 
while the Philistines fill the earth. We 
dedicate ourselves anew today to the 
service of agitation and agitation until 
we see victory, or He shall come, who 
will destroy all evil by the brightness of 
His appearing. 



ANNUAL CORPORATE MEETING. 
Secretary's Minutes. 

The forty-first annual business meet- 
ing of the National Christian Association 
convened at 10:30 a. m.. May 17, 1915, 
in the Carpenter Building, 850 West 
]\Iadison Street, Chicago. 

The meeting was called to order by 
Rev. Wm. Stuart, President of the Asso- 
ciation. Prayer was oft'ered by Pres. 
C. A. Blanchard. 

Minutes of last annual meeting were 
read by the recording secretary. 

General Secretary W. L Phillips read 
his annual report. He stated that the 
Cynosure had gone into forty-six states 
of the Union and seven foreign coun- 
tries during the past year. He also called 
attention to the large number of ad- 
dresses given by Secretaries Stoddard, 
Murrman and Davidson and to the in- 
valuable services of other helpers. He 
spoke of Rev. George Bent, Joseph 
Amick, Amanda Smith, I\Irs. E. A. Cook 
and Mr. A. J. Alillard, who have "en- 
tered into rest" during the past year; 
and referred to the work of the Board 
of Directors with deepest appreciation. 

It was moved by Pres. Blanchard that 
the Secretary's report be referred to the 
incoming Board with instructions that 
at their discretion it be made public. 
Voted. 

Treasurer's report was read 'by Mr, 
James E. Phillips, also the Auditors' re- 
port. The latter was signed by J. P. 
Shaw, G. W. Bond and D. S. Warner. 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



91 



Rev. A. B. Rutt moved that we accept 
these reports and that they be placed on 
file. A'oted. 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard being called 
upon gave his yearly report, which was 
full of hope and was received with much 
favor. \'oted to accept. 

The President of the Association, Rev. 
Wm. Stuart, at this point made a few 
kindly remarks of appreciation as he was 
leaving for Grand Rapids, ]\Iich.. and 
he requested Rev. D. S. Warner, \Tce- 
President, to take the chair. "God be 
with you til we meet again" was sung 
as ]\Ir. Stuart went out. 

]\Ir. Phillips read reports from ^Irs. 
Lizzie Roberson and Rev. F. J. David- 
son, Southern Agents, which were full 
of courage and faith and showed that 
much good is being accomplished among 
the colored people of the South. 

Moved by W. B. Stoddard that Secre- 
tary Phillips write to these absent 
friends, expressing our interest in their 
work, and our sympathy for them in 
their difficulties. The motion was duly 
seconded and carried. 2\Ioved by Rev. 
T. C. ^IcKnight that the reports of Liz- 
zie Roberson and Rev. F. J. Davidson 
be accepted and published in the Cyno- 
sure. Carried. 

]\Ioved by Secretary \\'m. L Phillips 
that all pastors of churches, which have 
a testimony against secret societies, be 
made corporate members of the Xational 
Christian Association in so faar as they 
are willing to become such. \^oted. 

J. L. Cunningham. Flora, Indiana, and 
Herman A. Fischer, Jr., were recom- 
mended by A\\ B. Stoddard, Pres. 
Blanchard and \\'. L Phillips for mem- 
bership and were received by vote. 

President C. A. Blanchard moved that 
the chair appoint a committee to nomi- 
nate ofticers for the coming year. A'oted. 
The chair appointed ^^^ L. Ferris, 
T. B. Arnold, Edward Kimball, J. H. B. 
A\'illiams and T. C. McKnight. 

The following register of those pres- 
ent was handed to the secretary by J. E. 
Phillips: ^Messrs. P. J. Hoekenga, \V. B. 
Rose. G. T- Haan, Thos. C. ^IcKnight. 
P. A. Kittilsby, A. B. Rutt, Xathan 
Frost, Alfred Berry, Wm. Stuart and 
^Irs. Grovene Stevens : Messrs. T. B. 
Arnold, D. S. Warner. W. B. Stoddard,' 
T. H. B. Williams, Tno. P. Barrett, Ed- 



ward Kimball, Charles A. Blanchard, 
W. L. Ferris, J. E. Phillips and W. L 
Phillips, ^irs. X. E. Kellogg and ^Irs. 
W. I. Phillips. 

While the nominating committee was 
consulting. President Blanchard gave a 
brief and interesting address on the pres- 
ent situation ; and spoke of the special 
efforts the lodges are now making to 
overthrow the cause of Christ. 

"Guide me, oh thou great Jehovah," 



was sung. 



Moved by President Blanchard that 
the chairman with Brethren G. J. Haan 
and P. A. Kittilsby prepare an expres- 
sion of our sympathy for Brother Wm. 
L Phillips, who has been seriously ill, 
and of our gratification at his returning 
health. ^^Ir. Phillips had retired to rest. 
The motion was duly seconded and car- 
ried. The resolution is as follows : 

"\\'e, the X'ational Christian Associa- 
tion, in session in Chicago. ]\Iay 17, 
191 5. desire to express our sympathy 
with our General Secretary, William I. 
Phillips, in his serious illness, and of 
gratitude to God for restoring him thus 
far to health. We hope and pray that 
he may be fully recovered and may be 
spared for many years to come for serv- 
ice in the cause of Christ. David S. 
Warner, Gerrit J. Haan. P. A. Kittilsby, 
Committee." 

Gloved by Rev. T. C. ^^IcKnight that 
we recommend that the Board of Di- 
rectors make an appropriation of $200.00 
for yiv. Wm. L Phillips, on account of 
his recent illness and as a token of ap- 
preciation of his labors during the past 
years. Carried unanimously. 

Dr. Ferris reported for the nominating 
committee, recommending as ofticers for 
ensuing year: President. Rev. D. S. 
Warner : \Tce-President. Rev. J. H. B. 
Williams : Secretary and Treasurer, ^^'m. 
I. Phillips; Ass't Secy, and Editor of 
CvxosuRE. James E. Phillips. 

Directors: H. A. Fischer. Jr.. in 
place of E. B. Stewart, and J. ^L Moore, 
in place of Wm. Stuart : others the same 
as last vear. viz. : T. H. B. Williams. 
A. B. Rutt. C. A. "Blanchard. G. \\'. 
r»ond. D. S. Warner. G. J. Haan. T. C. 
^TcKnight, ^I. P. F. Doermann. P. A. 
Kittilsby. 

proved by Pres. Blanchard that the 
Resolutions Committee be appointed by 



92 CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE July, 1915. 

the chair, at his convenience. Carried, who is a good Odd-Fellow or Mason is 

^linutes read and corrected. After a Christian. Many say that. I showed 

prayer. Rev. A. B. Rutt leading, ad- them that Jesus said, "No man cometh 

journnient was had sine die. to the Father but by me" and "I am the 

Nora E. Kellogg, Secretary. door," etc. I also told them they had 

no secrets that were not known and pub- 

ANNUAL CONVENTION LETTER. Hshed. The Masonic minister stated the 
Grafton. California, April 20, 1915. old remark that a man who violates his 
Dear Brethren and Co-workers: oath to keep secrets could not be be- 
A .Alethodist minister, who had taken ijeved. He also warned me that, if I did 
three degrees m Masonry, but had left not cease my opposition to the lodges, I 
them, said to me a few years ago that might be put into the river,— the Sacra- 
Masonry was the Devil's church, and he niento River was only a few steps away, 
was right. Our conflict is between the what will become of such ministers at 
Church of Jesus Christ and the churches the day of judgment? Will the Devil 
of the Prince of Darkness. No wonder or Jesus Christ claim them? Will the 
they must have closed doors and impose lodge influence be the means of more 
obligations of secrecy. The Church of persons missing eternal life than gain- 
Jesus Christ will, with its almighty lead- i^g it^ 

er, gain the victory and Satan will be ^^^e Episcopal pastor in Woodland, 
cast out and down into the abyss to de- California, belongs to several secret or- 
ceivethe nations no more. May that ^ers, including the Elks. A few months 
promised day and time come soon. Then ^^ey held an Elks' Lodge of Sorrow 
righteousness will cover the earth and f ^j. departed brothers in the Episcopal 
all will know our Saviour, Jesus Christ, parsonage, and in their resolutions, as 
from the least to the greatest. _ printed in our county periodicals, they 
We, as an association, are working, ^^^^ ^^e departed into blissful immor- 
sacrificmg, suffering persecution, pnva- ^^i^^ Following this, the young men 
tion, and other trials, but God be praised ^^^ ^^i^s of that church had a fine sup- 
f or the consolation given us, that if we ^^^ ^^^ h^ld a dance to raise money for 
sufter with and for Him we shall also ^ j-.^,^ organ. No wonder the spiritu- 
reign with Him, that all our conflicts, suf- ^y^^^ ^f ^h^^j-^i, members is low. It is 
fermgs and trials are not worthy to be ^^^^^^ principally by the influence of 
compared to the glory which shall be re- ^^e secret lodges The men controlling 
vealed. Let us take courage, cheerfully ^^e secret lodges must be cast out of the 
doing our duty for our redemption, and go-called Christian churches before the 
complete victory draweth nigh. My time gp^.j^ ^f j^g^s Christ can rule, and the 
on this earth cannot be very long. I Kingdom 'of Christ, consisting of right- 
will be 79 years old the 19th of May, eousness, peace and joy in the Holy 
but be my days few or many, I want to Q^ost, be set up in the hearts of the 
be identified with the true army of Jesus members. Then will peace come to the 
Christ while for me it_ is called today, inhabitants of the earth instead of war 
I want to go home rejoicing and not re- ^^^ carnaee 

gretting when our King and Master calls ^ay God" soon make an end of the 

^^- . kingdom of Satan, and usher in His glo- 

I am preaching more or less nearly ^i^^g kingdom of righteousness and 

every Sabbath and when the subject is peace (Rev ) P. Beck. 

salvation only through the atonement 

made by Jesus Christ, I show that there ^ ^ ^ ^^. ., , , , 

is no other way, no other door, no other ^^J- .P- ^- ^^ittilsby, for several years 

mediator between God and man than ^" eflicient member of our Board of Di- 

Jesus Christ. I distribute tracts and rectors has resigned the pastorate of the 

antisecret periodicals, and show that no Lake View Lutheran church of this city 

one can get to heaven except through ^o become Field Missionary in Chicago. 

Jesus. Talking with two Odd-Fellows 

and a Methodist minister (a Mason for Only when the heart is a broken ves- 

over twenty years), they said that a man sel can it carry the water of life. 



rssx^TTfssa 



July, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



93 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

The meeting of the board for organ- 
ization and the transaction of necessary 
business took place June 7th. General 
Secretary Phillips called the meeting to 
order and read the names of the mem- 
bers-elect. There were present Messrs. 
Warner, Kittilsby, Bond, Haan, Blanch- 
ard, Rutt and Fischer. Rev. D. S. 
Warner led in prayer for God's guidance 
and blessing upon the session. 

Organization. 

Chairman, Rev. D. S. Warner ; vice 
chairman. Bishop Albert B. Rutt ; sec- 
retary, Wm. T Phillips ; committee on 
finance, Messrs. Bond, Warner and 
Fischer ; on field work, Messrs. Blanch- 
ard, Williams and Doermann ; on build- 
ing, Messrs. Phillips and Rutt ; on pub- 
lication, Messrs. Kittilsby, Haan and Mc- 
Knight. 

Unfinished Business. 

The nominating committee of the Cor- 
porate ^Meeting, by some oversight hav- 
ing failed to nominate and elect a record- 
ing secretary and auditors, the Board 
elected Mrs. N. E. Kellogg for record- 
ing secretary and the finance committee 
together with Prof. J. P. Shaw of t!ie 
Metropolitan Business College, Chicago, 
for auditors. 

The request from Cerro Gordo, Illi- 
nois, that the next annual meeting be 
held at that place, for lack of time to 
consider it, was laid over until the next 
meeting. 

In carrying out the vote of the Cor- 
porate body on May 17th, viz.: that all 
pastors of churches which have a testi- 
mony against secret societies be made 
corporate members of the National 
Christian Association in so far as they 
are willing to become such, the Board 
approved of the following letter to be 
sent to each of the ministers designated. 

Dear Sir and Brother: 

At the corporate meeting of the National 
Christian Association on May 17th, you 
among others were unanimously elected to 
membership. Your enrollment, however, de- 
pends upon your acceptance of the honor in- 
tended. A letter of acknowledgment will be 
sufficient. 

We are assured of your interest in the ef- 
forts of the National Christian Association 
to represent the Christian movement against 
the secret society S3'stem of our times; to 
furnish to the ministry and others a thorough 
exposition and critical analysis of rhc i)rin- 



ciples of secret lodges, and their relation to 
the Church, the Home and the State. 

The eight-paged leaflet enclosed speaks 
l)riefly of the organization and methods of 
carrying on the work. 

The Ijody electing you to an active mem- 
bership in this Association hopes you wil! 
avail yourself of the opportunity to take part 
in its deliberations at future Annual Meet- 
ings, and that your prayerful interest in our 
work will be increased. You are under no 
linancial obligation to the Association, except 
as God shall incline you to make offerings 
from time to time. 

It would l)e a help to the cause if you 
could interest some one of your congrega- 
tion to become a Life Member, which is ob- 
tained by the payment of $-50.00 ; and very 
possibly there are those whom you could in- 
terest that would like to become Sustaining 
Members for one year by the payment of 
$2.00. The Christian Cynosure, organ of 
the Association, will be sent to Sustaining 
Menibers for one year without charge, and 
to Life Members as long as they shall live. 

If any questions arise, upon which you 
would like further information, I shall' be 
pleased to answer you to the best of my abil- 
ity. May I not hear from you at your earliest 
convenience, and oblige. 

Yours very truly, 

A vote of appreciation and thanks was 
sent to the superintendent of the Help- 
ing Hand Mission of the Christian Re- 
formed Churches of Chicago, for the 
courtesy extended by them to the Annual 
Meeting in the use of their Hall for its 
meeting, May 17th. 

Arrangements were made for carrving 
on the field work as last year, and in 
addition, Mr. Charles A\ Farnham of 
Xyack, New Y^ork, a student, was en- 
gaged for service on the field during the 
summer vacation. Other possible agencies 
for field work were referred to tlie com- 
mittee of Field Work, to be re]X)rte(l up- 
on at the next meeting. 

The next regular meeting of the r)oar(l 
will be held, \\>dnesday. August 4th, 
1915. 



President C. A. Blanchard, fraternal 
delegate from the National Christian 
Association, addressed the Quadrennial 
Conference of the Free Methodist 
church, which was held in Chicago las^ 
month. 



Mrs. Lizzie \\'oods Roberson. our 
Southern correspondent and co-worker 
is now on a tour tlu'ough Arkansas. Mis- 
sissip])i and Louisiana. 



94 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



July, 1915. 



WASHINGTON STATE CONVENTION. 

The Second State Convention of the 
Washington Christian Association, held 
in Seattle on the 22nd and 23rd of June, 
presented a very strong program. In our 
August number we hope to give a full 
account of this interesting meeting. The 
addresses and speakers are as follows: 
"Putting Secrecy Under Debate," Rev. 
T. ]\I. Slater ; "The Holy Spirit vs. the 
Lodge Spirit," Rev. J. M. Hannum ; 
"Why Did the Masons Murder Mor- 
gan?" Rev. Mrs. R. A. Best; "Christian 
Fellowship With Secrecy," Rev. H. D. 
Brown; "Benefits of Lodge Member- 
ship," Rev. S. G. Reading; "Using Anti- 
secret Literature," Rev. J. K. Odell ; 
"Do Lodge Oaths Mean Anything?" 
Rev. Oscar Fedder; "Women's Lodges," 
]\Irs. Jessie E. Millican ; "Secret Fellow- 
ship — Is It Consistent With the Teach- 
ings of Jesus Christ?" Rev. F. L. Hay- 
den, D. D., Ph. D.; "Who Are the 
Shriners ?" Rev. F. D. Frazer ; "The Po- 
sition of Lodge Ministers," Rev. P. A. 
Klein ; "Masonic Use of the Bible," Rev. 
E. B. Bergeson. " In addition to these 
addresses, time will be given for gen- 
eral discussions, testimonies of seceders, 
open parliament, etc. 



REPORT OF EASTERN SECRETARY. 

REV. W. B. STODDARD. 

Following my last report, some help- 
ful meetings were held in Chicago. Not- 
withstanding the rain which came at the 
hour of service, a congregation of near- 
ly 200 gathered in the Sixty-second 
Street Reformed Church to listen to 
the third lecture on the lodge evil it has 
been my privilege to deliver there. On 
Sabbath, May i6th, I was entertained 
at the home of our good friend and di- 
rector, Bishop A. B. Rutt, and spoke 
to his people in the morning. In the 
afternoon I took part in the opening of 
a new mission, conducted by Rev. W. 
W. Miller of the general synod Menno- 
nites. The attendance exceeded expecta- 
tions and the outlook for a strong or- 
ganization is bright. It does me a great 
deal of good to see these churches which 
testify against the false worship of our 
time prospering and growing. 

Leaving Chicago, I stopped for a 
week in Michigan, first visiting Grand 



Rapids, the "Jerusalem" of the Chris- 
tian Reformed Church whose well 
known support of our work has been 
more pronounced than other denomina- 
tions. In Grand Rapids is found their 
theological seminary, many Christian 
schools and some fifteen large congrega- 
tions with as many more in outlying 
districts. Rev. E. J. Tanis promised to 
stir up the friends and arrange for an 
antisecrecy convention very soon. Such 
a strong reform center with so many de- 
voted friends in the Christian Reformed 
and other churches ought to have a rous- 
ing convention every year. I had the 
pleasure of bringing the greetings of our 
Association to the Classis of the Eas- 
tern Grand Rapids district which was 
held in Rev. P. Ekster's church. The 
president of the Classis in responding, 
assured me of their appreciation of the 
N. C A. work and of their continued 
prayers and support. The hearty God- 
speed of these brethren was cheering. 

Kalamazoo, Grand Haven and Battle 
Creek were very briefly visited. 

Taking the Wolverine Express for 
my home in Washington, I passed 
through Canada from Windsor to New 
York state, near Buffalo, and on down 
through Pennsylvania during the night, 
ap]:)roaching the Capital City in the morn- 
ing. The Canadian country appeared 
very beautiful to me and the farms were 
generally well cultivated. 

The days of rest soon passed and found 
me on my way to Hershey, Pennsylvania. 
I succeeded in visiting many towns on 
nw way there. Hershey has been the 
cynosure of thousands of eyes for many 
days for it was here that the great an- 
nual meeting of the Church of the 
Brethren was held. What a meeting it 
was ! There is probably no Protestant 
church in the United States where the 
membership annually seek to get togeth- 
er in conference as do the members of 
this denomination. The attendance was 
variously estimated at from 40,000 to 
60,000 and over 1,000 automobiles were 
counted there in one day. The lodge ques- 
tion was given a good hearing. Not only 
did the committee on arrangements give 
your representative an excellent place 
on the program, but mention of the great 
need of antisecrecy work was made by 



Tuly, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



95 



many of the speakers, and brethren I. 
N. H. Beahm, of Nokesville, Virginia, 
and B. F. Petry, of Milton, Ohio, espe- 
cially emphasized it in their addresses. 
The meeting was interesting from be- 
ginning to end and was probably the 
most far reaching in its results of any 
that this church has ever held. 

For several years I have desired an 
opportunity to speak in the churches of 
the United Zion's Children (sometimes 
called River Brethren), and found in 
Lebanon county. This denomination is 
said to differ but little from the Breth- 
ren in Christ. Elders Light and White 
arranged for me to speak in the churches 
at Palmyra and Annsville, Pennsylvania. 
The attendance was good and the re- 
sponses showed the people spiritually 
alive. Several spoke of their deliverance 
from the lodge and of their joy that 
something was being done to warn those 
in need of light. Some subscribed for 
the Cynosure and I trust will give our 
readers their lodge experiences. Zion's 
Children seem to be a good kind of 
Christian grown folks and children. 
May the Lord bless them. 

I trust I shall be able to go to the great 
conference at Northfield, Massachusetts. 
D. L. Moody always welcomed anti- 
secrecy light. Are those who follow as 
faithful ? 



REPORT OF SOUTHERN AGENT. 

Rev. F. J. Davidson. 
Since my last report, I have at- 
tended a minister's conference at Pla- 
quemine, Louisiana, in St. Matthew's 
Baptist church, of which Rev. C. H. 
Vaughn is pastor. I was warmly re- 
ceived, and besides delivering a sermon 
in the evening, I gave my special lecture 
on ''The Evil Influence of Secret Socie- 
ties on the Church and State." Judging 
by the applause, many approved my re- 
marks and three ministers later told me 
that they had decided to give up their 
lodges. 

I have recently delivered several spe- 
cial sermons and lectures on the lodge. 
J delivered the dedicatory sermon at 
Pilgrim Baptist church, Bayou Goula, 
Louisiana, where I reproved the unfruit- 
ful works of darkness and advised 
Christians to separate themselves from 



the lodge. Rev. A. L. Davis, the pastor 
of Pilgrim church, has been convinced 
of the wickedness of secret societies and 
has withdrawn from the lodge. 

I am now stopping at Dorcyville, 
Louisiana, where I will remain for from 
ten to twelve days preaching and lectur- 
ing and doing house to house missionary 
work. 

A new lodge, the True Friends, held 
their grand lodge session in White Castle 
and it was attended by a large delegation. 
Somehow hard times do not prevent 
the lodges from gathering a bountiful 
harvest whereas the church and other 
beneficial enterprises have to struggle 
for their very existence. 

While at Plaquemine, I had another 
opportunity to fire a shrapnel of God's 
Word into the secret lodge camp, when 
I addressed the Progressive school at 
their closing exercises. 

I had just been discussing the lodge 
question with a minister and a deacon 
wdio are both lodge men and its staunch 
defenders. They finally confessed to me 
that they had found the lodge to be detri- 
mental to the home, the church and so- 
ciety, and agreed to give it up. They 
expressed, however, fear of persecution 
should they publicly oppose the lodge. 
One of them had already had a taste of 
lodge persecution when he refused to 
help shield a Masonic brother wdio had 
broken up another man's home. Thank 
God that when the light shines the dark- 
ness must disappear. The unfruitful 
works of secret societies must be rooted 
up. If the preachers but preach the 
whole gospel and the churches take their 
stand on high moral ground, the Secrel 
Empire will fall. 



"LIZZIE WOODS' LETTER." 

Argenta, Ark., June 8th, 191 5. 
Dear Cynosure : 

Following a lecture against the lodge 
a few days ago, an Odd-Fellow came to 
see me and said, "Sister Roberson, I 
think you are too hard on our lodges. 
I belong to but one, the Odd-Fellows, 
and it is based on the Bible.'' I replied. 
Yes, I know you play David and Jona- 
than in your first degree ; the good 
Samaritan in the second degree and your 



^6 CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE July, 1915. 

third degree is a mixture of the all-see- one time was considered right, and 

ing eye, the axe, skull and cross bones, witches were burned at the stake here 

scythe, heart in hand and that sort of in America, but when people began to 

tomtoolery. The two first degrees are search their Bible they found that all 

stolen from the Bible to get good re- ^hese things were wrong. But even then 

hgious men Ike you mto it and then ^^^^-^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^.^^ ^^ 

comes the third degree with the all- i j i ^ <• i i , 

seeing eve, coffin and that sort of stuff P'^P^^. ^"^ ^°?^ "^^"^ °^. ^"J'°^^^, '°"^ 

to let vou know if you don't keep all the ^" ^'^''^ ^° ^° ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^S- 

secrets you will be done away with. He You know that the first verse of the 

laughed' and said that he was a Chris- first Psalm reads, "Blessed is the man 

tian but thought there could be no harm that walketh not in the counsel of the 

in joining the lodge so as to furnish in- ungodly." Are you not in the counsel of 

surance protection to his family. I said, wicked men in the lodge? He said, 

•'For what is a man profited, if he shall "Yes, it is the truth. I am mixed up 

gain the whole world, and lose his own with them." I said. Then you are not 

soul?" (^latt. 16:26-27). When I had blessed. You are standing in the way 

read these verses, he said, 'Tell me, Qf sinners and sitting with men who 

please ^vllat is wrong with my lodge." 5^^,^ ^he way of righteousness. My 

I said, The religion of your lodge is ^^-^^^ ^^-^ .j ^^^^ ^j^ ^ -^ 

idol worship and all 01 you good Chris- ,1 1 i„ ^ t ^ u 1 u Z^ ^ 

^ ^- , • ^u J vu the lodge, and I don t know what to 

tian men are tied up m the order with 1 v -ifr ' j . t> 1 ^- o 

drunkards, liars, thieves, and even mur- ^°- ^^'^ .^^^f ^ ^? Revelation 18 14, 
derers, like that bundle of sticks you use where a voice from heaven said. Come 
in the third degree. You see you are ^^^ °^ h^^",^>^ people, that ye be not 
tied up with unbelievers and the Bible partakers of her sms and that ye receive 
savs, "Be ve not unequallv yoked to- "^^ °!J^^^ P^^^^^^^' ^he fifth verse 
gether with unbelievers" (2 Cor. 6:14). f^>^' ^'' /^""'^ uT ^^^^^.^^ .^"^^ 
When we read this verse, he said, !^^.^^^"' ^^"^ .^'"'^ ,^^1" remembered her 
"Mv mother was a lodge member and '"^q^.^t^es. I said. My brother, God is 
I am sure she went to heaven." I re- POuring out His wrath on this whole na- 
plied, In John 8:12 we read that Jesus ^^°"' ^? ^on t you go by what your moth- 
said, "I am the light of the world! he f °^ ^^^^'^.' ^^^- ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ "^^ 
that followeth me shall not walk in *°^ ^^^^^ ^^"• 

darkness but shall have the light of Another wicked thing about your 

life." My brother, you want to believe lodge, I said, is that you protect your 

in Jesus as the Scripture hath said. He brothers, even if they are murderers, 

said, "I don't know the Scripture; I He said, "Yes, we are sworn to help 

don't read my Bible as I should." That each other out of trouble." He is a good 

is why you think Odd-Fellowship is Christian brother but he hates to turn 

right, I said. If you would read your away from his idol. He said, "Sister 

Bible vou would see that the Odd-Fel- Roberson, you trouble my very soul. I 

lows have stolen parts from the Bible want to live so that I can go to heaven 

and mixed them up with heathen wor- when I die." I said. You are like 

ship. If your mother was a lodge wom- Balaam. You want to die the death of 

an and went to heaven, that is no sign the righteous but you have forsaken the 

that you will go too. She did not know right way and love the wages of un- 

that secret societies were wrong and you righteousness (2 Peter 2:15-16). ''Sister 

do. There was a time when we did not Roberson," he said, "pray for me that 

know it was wrong to drink whisky. I may be received m the eternal city at 

We know about it now but meanwhile the end." I replied. Only those who do 

it has nearly damned this whole world. His commandments will enter the city 

Once we did not know that it was wrong (Rev. 22:14). 

to use tobacco and cigarettes. We have Pray for me that I may let my light 

learned it now when so many of our shine and be a teacher sent from God. 

young people are threatened with con- Yours for service, 

sumption on that account. Slavery at Lizzie Roberson. 



Was Washington 
a Mason? 

By PRES. CHARLES A. BLANGHARD 

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MODERN PROPHETS of BAAL 

OR 

WATCHMEN on ZION'S WALLS 

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This is a tract especially intended for ministers. The term Baalism in referring to 
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7'' 





-•^OF THE <^^ 

Polar Might. 

Thou 6erv'5t 
A WAYMARK 



Hnd T? 

T$ tbm some desert or some pathless sea 

mbere tbou, good 6od of Hngeli, wilt 
send me? 

Some oak for me to rend; some sod. 
Some rock for me to break; 
Some handful of 1)1$ corn to take 
Bnd scatter far afield, 
till it, in turn, shall yield 
Tts hundredfold 
Of grains of dold 
to feed the waiting children of my 6od? 
Show me the desert, father, or the sea. 
T$ it thine enterprise? Great 6od, send me. 
Hnd though this body 11^ where ocean rolls, 
Count me among all Taithful Souls. 

— edward everett l^ale. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

Published Monthly by the National Christian 
Association. 



JAMES EDWIN PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor. 

850 West Madison Street, Chicago. 



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Entered as Second-class matter May 19, 1897, 

at the Post Office at Chicago, 111., under Act of 

March 3, 1879. 



CONTENTS 



Who Are the Shriners? by Rev. Frank D. 

Frazer 97 

Shriners at Spokane Make Sunday Hum 

The Spokesman-Review 101 

Knights of St. Columbanus — The Fort- 
nightly Reviezv 102 

Knights of Columbus .'...... .102 

A Study of Secret Societies, by a former 

member .103 

Moose Threaten SpHt on Liquor — Chicago^ 

Daily Tribune 105 

Testimonies to the Grace of God (contin- 
ued), by Pres. C. A. Blanchard 105 

The Closed Shop — New York Times. .... .109 

Labor Unions ; Action, ^Church of the 

Brethren 109 

Elks' and Moose' Bars Hit.... .....110 

Elks Want New Anthtm. .Chicago Trib- 
une 110 

John Bradley — Obituary 110 

Scottish Rite Masonry Ill 

Order of Cowboy Rangers — Sacred Heart 

Review Ill 

Knights and Ladies of Security 128 

The Coming Conflict (continued), by Ed- 
win Brown Graham 113 

Editorial : - 

Masonic Cannibals 116 

How He Began 116 

Momentous Decisions 117 

A Harsh Spirit 117 

Phi Beta Kappa Oration 118 

A Bridge to Heaven 118 

The City Beautiful 119 

Book Reviews : 

Getting Things from God 119 

Saloon Fight at Berne, Indiana 119 

News of Our Work : 

State Conventions 120 

The Washington Convention 120 

Michigan Items 121 

Report of Eastern Secretary, Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard ....121 



Nebraska Report 122 

Report of Southern Agent, Rev. F. J. 

Davidson .....123 

"Lizzie Woods' Letter" 124 

An Adhering Mason's Testimony 125 

Escaped from Bondage, by S. J. Peter. ..125 
Masonically Muzzled, by Rev'. G. A. 

Creekmore ._ ^ .127 

From Cali f ornia . . . .v . . I 127 

*The Appeal of Lodge, Display, by B. M. 

Holt 128 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA- 
TION. 
General Officers. 

President Rev. D. S. Warner; vice- 
president, Rev. J. H. B. Williams ; re- 
cording secretary, Mrs. N. E. Kellogg; 
secretary-treasurer, Wm. I. Phillips. 

Board of Directors. 
George W. Bond, C. A. Blanchard, G. 
J. Haan, Albert B. Rutt, H. A. Fischer, 
Jr., J. M. Moore, Thomas C. McKnight, 
D. S. Warner, J. H. B. Williams, P. A. 
Kittelsby and M. P. F. Doermann. 



LECTURERS. 

Those desiring lectures or addresses 
m^ky write to any of the speakers named 
below: 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 3 ii8 Fourteenth 
St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Rev. F. J. Davidson, P. O. Box 223, 
White Castle, La. ' 

Rev. C. G. Fait, Ellendale, N. I). 

Rev. Philemon Beck, Grafton, Calif. ^ 

A BOOK FOR THE TIMES! 
LIGHT ON THE LAST DAYS. 

Being Familiar Studies in the Book of 
Revelation. 

BY REV. CHARLES A. BLANCHARD, O. b. 
President Wheaton College. 

IBELUCVld that the church in this ace 
sorely needs the teachinr of this book (th« 
Revelation) — needs it for gruidance. fin- 
comfort and for warning. We are ap- 
proachlnsr the times with which this book par- 
ticularly deals. We have no rigrht to be indif- 
ferent about it. Gtod has written these words 
for the help of His people in all agrea since thef 
were written, but they are of special importaBc« 
to us and those who succeed us. 

Further, I have found that Qod's people tn 
our time are greatly interested in this bodk. 
I have seldom preached on it without having 
friends ask me if the sermons were In print 
This shows that the heart of man answers tn 
this case, as in all other cases, to the Word of 
Gk)d.— CHARLES A. BLANCHARD. 

ISmo. 162 paces, cloth, 7S ceata neL Post- 
are, Se extra. 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSN. 
S50 W. Madison St.. Chlc*o* 





!iMt$ir^ 



— I ipaki ft^nlj W Hu n«rid; aiJ ii Miret kars I sairf MtbiRg." J«hn IS:20. 



VOLUME XLVIII. 



CHICAGO, AUGUST, 1915. 



Number 4 



"A crowd of troubles passed him by 
And he with courage waited. 

He said : 'Where do you troubles fly, 
When you are thus belated?' 

" 'We go,' they said, 'to those who mope, 

Who look on life dejected, 
Who weakly say good by to hope : 

We go where we're expected.' " 



"The wind that blows can never kill 

The tree God plants ; 
It bloweth east, it bloweth west, 
The tender leaves have little rest, 
But any wind that blows is best. 

The tree God plants 
Strikes deeper root, grows higher still, 
Spread wider boughs, for God's good 
will 

Meets all its wants." 

— Interior. 



"God moves in a mysterious way 

His wonders to perform ; 
He plants His footsteps on the sea, 

And rides upon the storm. 
His purpose will ripen fast. 

Unfolding every hour. 
The bud may have a bitter taste. 

But sweet will be the flower." 



The Catholic Institute of Bufifalo, N. 
Y., decorated its facade lately in honor 
of the Veiled Prophets of the Enchanted 
Realm, a Masonic organization, which 
was holding its "conclave" in that city. 
A writer in the Echo (Vol. i, No. 19) 
justly censures the Knights of Columbus 
for this ineptitude and for "extending a 
welcome hand to a Masonic fraternity 
which Catholics are forbidden to join." 
— The Fortnightly Reviezv. 



WHO ARE THE SHRINERS? 

BY REV. FRANK D. IRAZER. 

[A paper read before the Second Wash- 
ington State Convention at Seattle, June 
23rd, 1915.— Editor.] 

In answer to this question, we shall 
have nothing to say of the character of 
the individual "Shriner" further than 
that the lodge snare, like the spider's 
web and the fisherman's net, catches of 
all kinds, both bad and good. The pres- 
ence of some worthy and honorable men 
shall not be permitted to blind our eyes 
to the character of the society. We 
shall speak freely of this and present 
such facts as will enable you to form 
your own judgment of the same. 

The "Shriner" is a member of a secret 
society known to the world as the "An- 
cient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine," which is said to be "a 
social and benevolent order with a ritual 
and history linked to Arabic traditions, 
in which oriental mysticism, names, leg- 
ends, and titles are freely employed." 
Each local organization is called a "tem- 
ple" and is given an additional Arabic 
name. The 191 5 World Almanac states 
that there are 137 temples in the United 
States having a total membership of 
something over 200,000. It has been 
growing, during the last eight years, at 
the rate of more than 10,000 per year. 
The insignia of the order is a crescent 
(the universal sign of ^loslem i")(^wer), 
made of two claws of a tiger, joined, 
base to base, on a gold setting. This 
gold setting is often engraved with an 
Arabic motto which, in English, reads, 
''Strength and Fury." The crescent is 
suspended from a naked scimitar, the 
emblem of Oriental cruelty. When on 
exhibition, the shriner wears a fez, the 
distinguishing head dress of Moslems, 
and perhaps other articles of clothing 
imitative of the Arab costume. 



98 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



Origin of the Shrine. 

Like members of some other secret or- 
ders, the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine 
have sought to throw a veil of mystery 
over the origin of the order that it may 
appear to be rooted in the occult w^isdom 
of hoary antiquity. It seems that there 
has long been a politico-religious order 
established in various parts of Europe, 
under ^^lohammedan control, and termed 
the "Bektash." We are told that in the 
year 1870 an American traveler, William 
J. Florence, a thirty-second degree Ma- 
son, on the strength of his Masonic con- 
nections, was introduced into a meeting 
of this INIohammedan order in the city 
of Marseilles, France. After the meet- 
ing he asked for and obtained a copy of 
the ritual and laws of the order from the 
Illustrious Potentate of the Bokhara 
Shrine, Yusef Bey, who was also pres- 
ent. He then wxnt to Algiers and other 
Moslem cities and was everywhere re- 
ceived by this order and admitted into 
their innermost secrets, and supplied 
with the documents which preserved 
these secrets in Arabic with certain basic 
and exemplifying quotations from the 
Koran. It is not explained how it came 
about that those Moslems were so ready 
to give their secrets to an uninitiated 
stranger, even if he was a thirty-second 
degree Mason. Perhaps that was suffi- 
cient. Be that as it may, we are further 
told that Mr. Florence returned to Amer- 
ica with these documents the next year. 
In Xew York City he communicated 
wdth one, Walter M. Fleming, a thirty- 
third degree Mason, who had also re- 
ceived portions of the written work of 
this same order, and, furthermore, had 
received authority from another Illustri- 
ous Potentate, a Mohammedan in Lon- 
don, to establish the order in America. 
These two men then conferred the new 
order on eleven thirty-second and thirty- 
third degree Masons. With the help of 
an Arabic translator a ritual and code 
of laws was framed, based on the Arabic 
documents, and in 1872 the first, or par- 
ent, temple of America was instituted in 
Xew York City. This was called the 
Mecca temple. A portion of the work 
of the American ritual was also taken 
from various degrees of the Rite of 
Memphis, now outlawed, of the Scot- 
tish Rite and the York Rite Masonry. In 



1876 an Imperial or Governing Council 
was organized. The growth of the order 
w^as very slow for the first ten years, but 
when this Council got down to strenuous 
work it began to grow until it reached 
the large membership which it has today. 
It is this Imperial Council which meets 
annually in various large cities of our 
country. 

I have not been able to find much in- 
formation as to the Moslem order of 
which the Shrine is said to be a descend- 
ant. Mr. Fleming himself has written 
a history and traces the order back to 
the year 644 A. D. when it is said to 
have been founded by a son-in-law of 
Mohammed, the false prophet of the ter- 
rible Moslem religion. 'Tt was founded," 
in the words of Mr. Fleming, as given 
in the "Cyclopedia of Fraternities," ''as 
an Inquisition, or Vigilance Committee, 
to dispense justice upon criminals who 
escaped their just deserts through the 
tardiness of the courts, and also to pro- 
mote religious toleration among cultured 
men of all nations." We well know 
what kind of religious toleration Mo- 
hammed preached and infused into his 
religion. But mark this purpose of the 
parent order ! 

Membership in the Order. 

The absolute prerequisite for member- 
ship in the Mystic Shrine is that one be 
either a thirty-second degree Ancient and 
Accepted Scottish Rite Mason, or a 
Knight Templar of York Rite Masonry. 
One black ball is sufficient to reject a 
candidate. 

In this connection let us recall that a 
thirty-first degree Mason has been con- 
stituted a "Grand Inspector Inquisitor 
Commander" ; and that a thirty-second 
degree Mason has been made a "Sublime 
Prince of the Royal Secret," and by vir- 
tue of this supreme trust he is a member 
of the Consistory, or Masonic Court, 
governing the lower degrees of Masonry, 
zvith the right of inspection and inquisi- 
tion. The lower degrees are under his 
control and some of them sworn, in par- 
ticular, to obey him at all times. And 
he himself has sworn, in addition to all 
his other terrible oaths, ''to take revenue 
on the traitors of Masonry." If, on the 
other hand, or in addition to this, he be 
a Knight Templar, he has drunk the so- 
called "Fifth Libation," and has taken 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



99 



the ''Sealed Obligation," drinking wine 
from a human skull, and placing a blas- 
phemous curse upon himself, with the 
words, ''should I violate any obligation 
of Masonry^ which I have heretofore 
taken, take at this time, or may hereafter 
be instructed in." We remember, as a 
matter of history, that one of the mur- 
derers of Morgan "was, according to 
Masonic law, upon avowal of his crime 
under the seal of the Fifth Libation, and 
under hot pursuit by the officers of jus- 
tice, furnished by an encampment of 
Knights Templars in the city of New 
York, with the means of escaping from 
this country." (Letters of John Quincy 
Adams on Masonic Oaths, p. io8.) 
Religion of the Mystic Shrine. 

We are told that "Mohammedanism is 
not advocated by the ritual of the Amer- 
ican order, but the same respect is incul- 
cated for Deity as in Arabia." The same 
respect is inculcated for Deity as in Ara- 
bia ! According to our missionaries in 
Arabia this would not be very elevating 
for a Christian. It would be unspeak- 
ably degrading. It is probably true, 
however, that Mohammedanism is not 
taught by the American ritual, nor any 
other religion, except Selfishness. Nev- 
ertheless we have this bit of evidence 
published in the New York Herald of 
March 30th, 1914: G. W. Millar, one of 
the thirteen Masons who organized 
Mecca Temple, died. The notice of his 
death is written "in the name of Allah, 
Merciful, Compassionate." It is stated 
that he had been "admitted to the Un- 
seen Temple, March 28th, 1914." Also 
that "his life was imbued with purity of 
thought and deed and the exercise of 
all those attributes which are the active 
elements of every true Mussulman's 
daily existence. No longer will he listen 
to the solemn call, 'Allahu Akbar,' but 
from the minaret of Allah's Mosque may 
he be the Muezzin to make the call, 
'Ashadu an la ilaha ill' Allah' (T bear 
witness that there is no god but Allah) " 
If that is the supreme ambition of a 
Shriner for the future life, what must 
his training be in a supposedly Christian 
country ? 

Since no one can reach the Mystic 
Shrine except through the gates of Ma- 
sonry, we are sure that Jesus Christ is 
not there, and hence His religion cannot 
be. 



It is not strange that an institution 
such as Freemasonry, which absolutely 
rejects the true God, as revealed in Jesus 
Christ, and practices secretly that which 
is abomination to Him, should be found 
worshiping a false god at its secret 
shrine. We are told in the Scripture that 
when "the children of Israel did secretly 
those things that were not right against 
the Lord their God," because they had 
rejected Him, they became idolaters and 
were carried into captivity. It is not 
strange that the inner shrine of the fore- 
most institution of darkness, which levels 
all religions to one universal cult, and 
admits the Mohammedan and the infidel 
on the same basis as the Christian, and 
closes the Christian's mouth, should be, 
so far as selfishness will permit, devoted 
to a god whose religion is a synonym for 
darkness, deceit, degradation and secret 
cruelty. 

The Position of the Shrine in the Realm of 
Secrecy. 

Let us see now the peculiar position 
which this order of the Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine occupies in the realm of 
secrecy. 

It is a Secret Shrine ivithin a Secret 
Temple. This is even physically true, 
for the local Shriner temple is often 
located within the local Masonic temple. 
Only high degree Masons can gather 
there. Only a god approved by Masonry 
could be worshiped there. 

It is a Secret Lodge zvithin a Secret 
Lodge. It is claimed that the Shrine is 
not a Masonic order, that it forms no 
part of Masonry, and that it is independ- 
ent of Freemasonry in origin and gov- 
ernment. Nevertheless its dependence 
upon Masonry and Masonry's fostering 
of it are all too patent. It is a lodge 
within a lodge. Its gates are approached 
only through the gates of ^Masonry. It 
is hidden from the light by all the dark- 
ness and secrecv of Masonrv. It is the 
blackness of the darkness of secretism. 
It is the secret of secretism. It is \)vo- 
tected by all the oaths of ^lasonry. It 
is protected by all the laws of ^Masonry. 
It is protected by all the secret courts of 
Masonrv. A Shriner is not only a Ma- 
son, he is a protected Mason. So tar as 
the ingenuity of darkness has been able 
to accomplish its ideal, the Shriner is 
under the protection and domination of 
a powerful system of secrecy for what- 



100 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



ever purpose it may require him. No 
matter what rehgion he may profess in 
the outside world, he is at the Shrine 
brought into close touch with the ideals 
of a religion which has perfected in this 
world the art of secret cruelty and degra- 
dation of man and woman. 

The very existence of such an order 
as this is proof of the inevitable tendency 
of secretism. Another oath is always 
being required to keep previous oaths 
until the human will is completely under 
the domination of the power of darkness. 
The spider must wxave his web round 
and round his victim, and inject fresh 
doses of poison, before he can suck out 
its life blood. As a lodge increases in 
membership a new secret association of 
the elect becomes necessary for the same 
reason that it was itself first instituted. 
The Purpose of the Order. 

But we ask more particularly just 
what is the purpose of the Mystic 
Shrine? Its purpose will reveal its true 
character. It claims to be a social and 
benevolent order. The character of its 
social life is known to those who live in 
cities where its temples are, and espe- 
cially where its annual conclaves have 
been held. These latter have been char- 
acterized as revels of debauchery ; an in- 
sult to law and decency ; a time when 
*'the wicked walk on every side and the 
vilest men are exalted." Last year the 
gathering was in Atlanta, Georgia. A 
carload of liquors was shipped into that 
Prohibition state for the Shriners' use. 
One writing from that city spoke of the 
gathering of the devotees of Allah as a 
great curse to the city, and added, "May 
God deliver us from the awful judg- 
ments that would justly follow such 
strenuous efforts to commit and glorify 
sin." 

The benevolences of the order are said 
to be extended to Masons both within 
and without the Shrine. It is added that 
the public seldom hears of these charities 
for they are given without ostentation. 
It is doubtless true of the Shriner, as of 
the man who had so many poor relations, 
he never could give to anyone else. 

But we look closer to find the real 
purpose of the order. The "Cyclopedia 
of Fraternities," supposed to be written 
under the sanction of the orders them- 
selves, mentions the social and benev- 



olent purpose of the Shrine, but adds 
these significant words, 'Tt has also a 
secret purpose made known only to those 
who encircle the Mystic Shrine." The 
real purpose of the Mystic Shrine is 
secret. Just what we have been led to 
expect. 

Mackey's Encyclopedia of Freema- 
sonry divides secret societies into two 
classes : First, those whose secrecy per- 
tains to methods of recognizing mem- 
bers, and to certain symbols and instruc- 
tions obtained after initiation and prom- 
ise of secrecy. Second, those whose se- 
crecy pertains also to the object of their 
association. We may not accept this 
classification, knowing, in the words of 
Wendell Phillips, that "secret societies 
are not needed for any good purpose, 
and may be used for any bad purpose 
whatsoever," yet it puts the Mystic 
Shrine where it belongs. 

But what is this secret purpose, which 
is "only passed from mouth to ear"? 
What would you expect from the ofif- 
spring of a Moslem Inquisition, when 
you see it skulking in the darkness and 
behind the walls of Masonry with scim- 
itars and tigers' claws on its black flag? 
What would you expect from the nurs- 
ling of Masonry? Yes, its father was 
the lawless cruelty of Arabia and its 
mother. Masonry. But it professes to be 
law-abiding. Certainly. An Inquisition, 
even at the height of its lawlessness, will 
profess to be executing the law — its own 
law. We are reminded of the Fehmic 
courts that flourished in Westphalia and 
other parts of Germany in the Dark 
Ages. They were formed for the secret 
but certain punishment of criminals. 
There was apparent justification for their 
existence in the abuses of the times, but 
their secrecy soon transformed them into 
more terrible instruments of lawlessness 
and tyranny than had before been 
known. 

The Masonic Star Chamber. 

The ritual of the Mystic Shrine con- 
tains these words, in speaking of its own 
temples : "Althoug'h possessing all the 
powers and material of the Inquisition, 
if required, they still continue to thrive 
as charitable and social organizations, as 
well as being inquisitors upon the fla- 
grant outragers and desecrators of Ma- 
sonic vows." 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



101 



In other words, Masonry, for its own 
protection, has perfected for itself an In- 
quisition, to be used "if required," which 
can take care of any violators of Ma- 
sonic vows "within the hour, leaving no 
trace of their action behind." Or, if 
perchance it be traced, it will be to the 
Shriner and not to the Mason as such. 

This service may not be "required" 
every day. The Mystic Shrine may spend 
most of its time in selfish sociabiHty and 
benevolence, yet the secret purpose is 
the controlling power of its existence. 
Suppose for a moment that the order is 
devoted primarily to social and benev- 
olent ends, it is a terrible risk to take 
on fallen human nature to suggest such 
things under the subtle influences of se- 
crecy. It is dangerous, to say the least, 
to take a man into the darkness ; assure 
him the All-seeing Eye is only the eye 
of the god of Masonry; assure him of 
the protection of all the walls of Ma- 
sonry, which stand one within the others 
having all the gates locked and sealed 
and guarded by friendly Masons, and 
leave him there to the seductive power 
of a system of selfish pride. He will 
probably worship at its shrine no mat- 
ter who the god ; he will likely do its 
bidding no matter what it be. 



SHRINERS AT SPOKANE MAKE SUN- 
DAY HUM. 

[Extracts from The Spokesman-Review 
(Spokane, Wash.), Monday, July 12.] 

"More brilliant, more varied as to uni- 
forms and merrier than any previous 
fraternal parade in the history of Spo- 
kane was the general verdict as to more 
than 20 Shrine patrols, bands and 
fezzed-capped nobles that yesterday 
marched over nearly two miles of Spo- 
kane streets. 

"The entire Sunday was a red-letter 
event for Spokane Masonry. Twenty- 
eight special trains, carrying, by official 
Shrine estimate, not less than 5,000 vis- 
iting members, arrived during the day, 
and with the Shriners were many of 
their families. 

"Most of Sunday was spent in the city 
by the visitors, who participated in lunch- 
eons, receptions and concerts, which 
began at 8 a. m. and lasted until it p. m. 

"Hundreds of Shriners who arrived in 
the city yesterday on the specials availed 
themselves of an invitation to take a dip 



in the swimming pool at the Y. M. C. A. 
before visiting the various churches of 
the city, where they attended service. 

"The Rev. Francis Burgette Short, 
who had arranged to hold services at 
the Clemmer theater yesterday, spoke to 
an audience which filled the theater. His 
congregation and local Shriners brought 
many visitors from the various states. 
He took as his subject, 'At the Shrine 
of the Unseen.' 

"The parade left the Masonic temple 
at 2 130 p. m., headed by El Katif band 
of 30 pieces, in their white and gold 
uniforms, followed by the Arab patrol, 
dressed in green. 

"Camels, goats and donkey served 
their place also, adding a touch of the 
nomadic Arab life which is part of the 
whimsical equipage of the Shrine. 

"Upon their arrival at 4:40 p. m., the 
Chicago nobles, headed by a large kettle 
drum corps, pushed through the crowded 
foyer of the Davenport hotel in lock- 
step and, circling about the fountain, put 
a stop to all other music until the crash 
of their band was concluded. Several 
songs followed, and then the party 
charged up the stairway to the Shriners' 
club. 

"A foretaste of what Algeria temple, 
Helena, Mont., will stake at Seattle was 
given Spokane yesterday when Frank 
B. Linderman of Helena, dressed in In- 
dian garb worth $500, strode at the head 
of Algeria patrol carrying a coyote in 
his arms. The coyote is the Helena 
mascot and it created more excitement 
at the Davenport hotel yesterday than 
any other mascot, chewing its tether in 
two in the baggage room and biting a 
hotel attendant before one of the nobles 
recovered it. 

"Educated in all the luxuries of mod- 
ern life is the donkey which yesterday 
paraded the streets of Spokane with El 
Maida temple. El Paso, Texas, on his 
way to his fifth consecutive session of 
the imperial council. Yesterday fore- 
noon he was bathed in the fountain that 
adorns the center of the lobby of the 
Davenport hotel and later he was taken 
to the roof in the elevator and viewed 
the city from the roof garden. He 
l)robably is the most distinguished "mas- 
cot" of all the fifty or more Shrine tem- 
ples that yesterday had representatives 
in Spokane. 



102 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



Pastor Glad to Be Member. 

"The Rev. Thomas Canady jMiddleton, 
pastor of a ^Methodist church at St. Jo- 
seph. ■\Io., member of ^loila temple, was 
called upon for remarks at a luncheon in 
honor of the Imperial Potentate. At the 
conclusion he was embraced by fellow 
Shriners and became the recipient of a 
quite impromptu reception at his place 
at the table. He said : T am not, much 
to the surprise of some of my Methodist 
friends, ashamed of being a member of 
the Shrine. The Master at whose feet I 
bow was the most perfect Shriner of 
history. He came, not as a king, nor 
surrounded with glory, but he came as 
a good fellow to minister to mankind, 
and he gave himself a ransom for man. 
Xo. conception of him could be more er- 
roneous than that which characterizes 
him as "a man of sorrows." He was a 
man acquainted with joy and he turned 
water into wine at the first wedding, 
showing that he wants us all to enjoy 
the good things of life.' '' 

Such desecration of the Sabbath can- 
not fail to lower the moral standards of 
any community where hilarity, noise and 
feasting are the order on that day. Ma- 
sonry often claims to be the "handmaid 
of the Church," but to witness the exhi- 
bitions of the lodge when out on a Sun- 
day parade is sufficient to convince any 
Spirit-filled Christian that this claim is 
false. Paul says, "If we live in the 
Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit." 

When Rev. Mr. Middleton joined the 
Shrine, he took an oath ending in these 
words : "And may Allah, the god of 
Arab, Moslem and Mohammedan, the 
god of our fathers, support me to the 
entire fulfillment of the same, Amen, 
Amen, Amen." It is no wonder that a 
man who takes solemn obligations, call- 
ing on the name of Allah as God, and 
who boasts of his membership in this 
Moslem order — it is no wonder that he 
has no adequate conception of the Deitv 
and work of Christ. May God have 
mercy on such false shepherds and lead 
them to repentance. 



masonry. There are many who believe 
Masonry to be a genuine virtue and the 
problem now is to bring Masons to a 
realization of the facts. — Masonic 
Herald. 

We are open to conviction too ! - 



THE KNIGHTS OF ST. COLUMBANUS. 

There has recently been established in 
Ireland a new Catholic society known as 
the Knights of St. Columbanus. Some 
American Catholic weeklies tell us that 
this society is "modeled after the Amer- 
ican order of the Knights of Columbus." 
This statement is true in a limited sense 
only. The Knights of Columbus have 
long been trying to obtain a foothold in 
Ireland, but unsuccessfully, because the 
Irish hierarchy and clergy would not 
countenance a secret society. The 
Knights of St. Columbanus have for 
their objects: "to cherish fraternal char- 
ity, to establish a practical Catholicity 
among its members, to promote and fos- 
ter the causes of Catholic faith and of 
Catholic education, and to afTord to Cath- 
olic men a means of intercourse, whereby 
the Catholic principles of social order 
and social reform may be carefully stud- 
ied and disseminated." There is to be 
nothing secret about the new order, 
whereas the Knights of Columbus is 
characterized by and differs from all 
other Catholic societies in its secret fea- 
tures and degree work. — The Fort- 
nightly Review. 



SOME PROBLEM! 

The tendency of the present age is to 
discard useless things. The paramount 
question of the times is one of utility. 
The same thing may be applied to Free- 



KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS. 

The Catholic Register (Vol. X, Xo. 
38) informs us that Mr. John H Red- 
din, supreme master of the Fourth De- 
gree of the Knights of Columbus, has 
announced that he intends to advocate 
the granting of this degree in public be- 
cause "it is purely a beautiful lesson in 
patriotism, and it is believed that great 
good can be accomplished by giving it 
out where all may see." This (barring 
Mr. Reddin's wretched grammar) is in 
line with a suggestion made by the Fort- 
nightly Review quite a number of years 
ago. Why not perform all the degree 
exemplifications and other "secret" work 
of the order in public and thus remove 
one of the main objections urged against 
the K. of C. ? — The Fortnightly Review. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



103 



A STUDY OF SECRET SOCIETIES. 

(Concluded.) 

BY A FORMER MEMBER OF MANY FRATER- 
NITIES. 
The Lodge Always the First Consideration. 

The animus of the lodge to the Church 
is so plainly shown that comment hardly 
seems necessary. Jesus Christ says, 
^'Seek ye first the kingdom of God and 
His righteousness," and the lodges say, 
No, your duties to the lodge come first. 
Let the reader, if he be a Christian, ask 
himself how many members of any lodge 
omit the lodge service and go to the 
church prayer meeting when the meet- 
ings came on the same evening? Or, if 
you are a lodge member, and also a pro- 
fessed follower of Christ, how many 
times in your life when the two con- 
flicted have yoii given up the lodge and 
gone to church? In many places it is 
almost impossible to get a night in the 
week when the church members will 
come to the prayer meeting, as they be- 
long to so many lodges that the pastor 
of the church would have to hold a sec- 
tion of his prayer meeting on different 
evenings in order to accommodate all his 
lodge members. Duty to the lodge al- 
ways comes first. I was present at a 
lodge one evening when a prominent cit- 
izen was given his final ''degree," and 
when congratulations were in order the 
members urged him to let nothing pre- 
vent his attendance on the lodge, for in 
that way only could he become a "good" 
member ! This was good advice from 
the lodge's standpoint, but how could a 
professed follower of Jesus Christ take 
that advice and at the same time place 
the kingdom of God first? 

Lodge Christians Uniformly Lack Spirit- 
uality. 

In the sermon on the mount, Jesus 
says, ''Judge not that ye be not judged," 
but in the same sermon he says, "By 
their fruits ye shall know them." Let 
every Christian who reads these lines ask 
himself how many solid, experienced sol- 
diers of the cross he has know^n who 
could be absolutely counted upon and 
were at the same time enthusiastic mem- 
bers of secret societies. If a spiritually 
minded man were dying, he would not 
send to the lodge room for some lodge 
Christian to come and pray with him 
and comfort him in his departure. If 



such a thing were attempted the sick 
would be dead before the lodge Christian 
would be through praying for himself 
and be ready to pray for another. And 
what would the lodge Christian have to 
offer? Would the pathetic story of Da- 
mon and Pythias comfort the man in the 
hour of his departure? Would the Odd- 
Fellow tell him the story of the love of 
David and Jonathan and offer him the 
consolation of that beautiful story? Or 
would the "lost word," if found, point 
him to everlasting life? The only help 
in his extremity is the story of Jesus 
Christ and Him crucified, "the only 
Name under heaven given among men 
whereby we must be saved." And this 
name is by law excluded from the ritual 
of all the lodges and, therefore, the lodge 
Christian, under these conditions, is help- 
less, for his lodge has completely shorn 
him of his power. Therefore, he will 
as inevitably lose his spiritual power and 
backslide from the kingdom as water 
flows towards the sea or sparks fly up- 
wards. 

All Benefits, Including Heaven, on a Money 

Basis. 

Lodge members are in "good" or 
"bad" standing according as their dues 
are paid : A member in arrears is not 
allowed to sit in the lodge, nor is one 
coming to the outside door when the 
lodge is in session admitted unless it is 
first ascertained how he stands on the 
books. It goes without saying that all 
benefits of all kinds depend upon the 
same thing. If a member's dues expired 
yesterday, and today he has the misfor- 
tune to lose a limb, or sudden sickness 
overtakes him, not a member of that 
lodge is under the slightest obligation to 
render him assistance. If a member of 
a lodge — as was the case wnth a man that 
came under my immediate knowledge — 
is suddenly stricken, and it is ascertained 
that he is a member of a secret society, 
the very first thing the brotherhood do 
is to ascertain by wire or otherwise 
li^hether or not he is in ^i^oof/ standing. 
In the case referred to a telegram was 
sent two thousand miles, and fortunately 
for the stricken man he icas in g^ood 
standing. He was taken and cared for 
because he had paid for this service in 
advance, and it was no more an act of 
charitv than it is charitv for the butcher 



104 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



to deliver the meat that has been bought 
and paid for. This same law follows a 
member to his grave. If he is behind 
with his "dues" he cannot be buried with 
the "honors" of the lodge, and therefore, 
the lack of a live-cent piece to pay his 
dues could keep his soul out of heaven — 
if lodge honors at the grave were the 
key to heaven. If there is anything in 
pagan or Christian lands anywhere under 
the sun that is farther from the spirit of 
Christ than this, I have never seen it. 
The more one delves into these things, 
the more logical it becomes that Christ 
must be excluded, for, with facts as they 
are. He simply could not enter even if 
the doors were open and He were bidden 
to enter. How can a Christian man 
enter where his money is the great stand- 
ard of his acceptability? 

Lodges Refuse to "Lift up" the Fallen. 

They are not in the "reforming" busi- 
ness. None in need of help should apply. 
It is well known that before anyone can 
join a lodge he must make application in 
writing, which must be submitted to the 
lodge in session, and a committee is ap- 
pointed to "investigate" his character. 
This committee has no power to inquire 
what the intentions of the candidate in 
the future may be but simply what his 
character is now. If his character is not 
good, the lodge has no time, inclination 
or power to make it better. But if it is 
good to start with, the committee re- 
ports by recommending the candidate for 
initiation. In nearly all cases their re- 
port is favorable, for if they discover 
anything that would preclude member- 
ship he is "influenced" to withdraw the 
application. The end is not yet when 
the committee has reported favorably, 
for in some lodges one adverse vote will 
keep the candidate out. The voting is 
done in such a way that one member 
does not know how any other member 
has voted. There is, therefore, no chance 
for a man who is down and out to join 
the lodge, and no matter how earnestly 
he may want to reform, or how badly he 
may need help, it is useless to apply to 
the lodge for admission. 

This is another reason why Christ is 
and ought to be excluded from these so- 
cieties. A case came under my personal 
observation of a man who was addicted 
to drink and was generally given up as 



utterly impossible for reformation. He 
tried to get into some of the lodges of 
that city, but none of them wanted him, 
as his character would not pass muster. 
It happened in the course of events that 
at a revival in one of the churches of 
that city, this man gave his heart to God, 
and united with the church. Then, 
lo and behold, the lodges which had 
turned him down as a man of the 
world were vying with each other to see 
which could get him first — but it was 
after Jesus Christ, who is rejected by 
these lodges, through the church had 
transformed his character. An old man, 
from a far distant state, who was visit- 
ing a lodge, when called upon to make 
remarks, "for the good of the order," 
said in my hearing: "I have belonged to 
this lodge for many years, and am to- 
night a better man for it." He did not 
tell us what he might have been, had 
not that beneficent lodge picked him up. 
He was not a paragon of goodness at 
that time, and probably, by the help of 
the lodge, had held his own all these 
years. Other instances could be given, 
but let this suffice to show that lodge 
does not attempt to reform people. In 
this they are not only lacking in Chris- 
tian motive, but they are "near" Anti- 
christ in spirit. 
The Burial Service Utterly Meaningless. 
The Bible says, "Blessed are the dead 
zvho die in the Lord!" The lodge says 
in effect that having paid your dues, and 
being in "good standing," you will be 
entitled to the "honors" of a lodge's bur- 
ial, and will be taken, they do not say 
to heaven, but to some place that they 
call "the great grand lodge above." Not 
a word is spoken about the moral char- 
acter of the deceased ; the fact that he 
was "in good standing" settles all that, 
and hence he is given a free passport to 
the "above grand lodge." To the fol- 
lower of Christ this is very near to blas- 
phemy, but for a set of godless men to 
intimate that an unbeliever has gone to 
heaven passes belief, and were it not 
so tremendously important would be ri- 
diculous. For the Christian, the only 
hope of eternal life is through accept- 
ance of the atonement of Jesus Christ, 
and following him as Lord. With this 
foundation to stand upon how can a 
Christian join the lodge with its pagan 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



105 



rites? This is a mystery. And yet men 
professing the name of Christ every day 
surround the grave of some lodge mem- 
ber and repeat these meaningless phrases 
which dishonor the Christ they profess 
to love. 

The Lodge ^ No Place for Christians. 

This fact runs throughout this paper, 
but I want to add a little thereto. It is 
a truth of the Bible that, being given 
enough time and vitality to do the work 
of life, the account we will have to settle 
in the day of judgment will be how we 
spent our time while here. After some 
•experience I became satisfied that it is 
a waste of time to attend the meetings 
of any lodge. They go through the very 
same routine of questions, answers, 
forms and ceremonies night after night, 
month in and month out, until every 
member knows a month in advance just 
what is coming. If this time which is 
wasted here could not be spent in a bet- 
ter way then some men must be made 
in vain. At the end of a hundred years 
of flourishing lodges nothing of moment 
lias been accomplished, even were we to 
grant, for argument's sake, that no harm 
is done. Yet, in the absence of good, 
harm must have been done. 

And now, fellow Christian, vainly try- 
ing to be a good Christian and at the 
same time retain fellowship with godless 
men in your lodge — the very place in all 
the world where godly lives count for 
the least — let us "come out from among 
them and be separate," and see if we 
cannot bring some of them to a saving 
knowledge of Christ. 



MOOSE THREATEN SPLIT ON 
LIQUOR. 

Object to Bryan Pleading for Prohibition. 

San Diego, Cal., July 20. — If William 
Jennings Bryan, former secretary of 
state, makes prohibition an issue or 
pleads for its adoption in his speech at 
the annual convention of the Loyal Or- 
der of Moose here tomorrow, a split be- 
tween the ''wet" and "dry" advocates in 
the order is threatened according to a 
statement by Moose officials here to- 
night. 

It was assured by the antiprohibitic)n- 
ists that should Mr. Bryan make a plea 
for prohibition they would object to a 
continuation of his speech. — Chicago 
Daily Tribufte. ■ 



TESTIMONIES TO THE GRACE OF 

GOD. 

BY CHARLES A. BLAX CHARD. 

In my last article I was speaking of 
the mob at Vineland, X. ]., and the 
events which followed that local agita- 
tion. I will take up at this time a few 
incidents which came later and which 
possibly may be of interest. 

My stay in New England terminated 
shortly after my return from Vineland. 
We held a convention of the National 
Christian Association in Mechanics Hall, 
a large beautiful audience room seating 
about twenty-five hundred people, as I 
remember it. Washburn Hall, of which 
I have spoken hitherto, was in the same 
building but held less than half as many 
people. I believe this building still stands 
on the main street in Worcester. I am 
not quite sure of this. My stops in Wor- 
cester in recent years have been very 
brief, for a definite purpose, and the 
end having been accomplished I have 
gone my way. 

This convention was fairly well at- 
tended and accomplished good. The men 
of the city who helped me at that time 
are practically all gone. Mr. Pratt, one 
of the leading grocers of the city, a man 
of very great spiritual discernment and 
power. Dr. Henry T. Cheever of whom I 
have spoken before, Mr. Manning, cous- 
in of my mother, his sons of whom I 
have heretofore spoken, all now are gone 
but one, the youngest, who is a mer- 
chant in Boston. The ministers who had 
charge of pulpits at that time are large- 
ly gone. Dr. Swetser, Dr. Cutler and oth- 
ers. Dr. Phillips who came to preach 
in the Plymouth Chinxh, which was or- 
ganized about that time. I think still 
lives but does not preach in this citw The 
city itself is greatly increased in size — 
three or four times as large as when 1 
was there. 

The lodges are now probably as strong 
in proportion to the size of the cit\- as 
when I first came to ^^'orcester. This 
was not true for four or five years after 
our convention was held but in mnrals 
there is need of perpetual instruction 
and there is certain to be a return to old 
and evil customs unless the li2:ht is kept 
shining. This is a fact which churches 
do not so frequently think upon as tb.ey 
ought. 



106 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



Increasing Audiences. 

During these lecturing days the rule 
was that audiences were small at the be- 
ginning and were as large as the house 
could hold at the end. There were oc- 
casions when local friendships and ener- 
getic advertising gave us a good hearing 
at the beginning, but this was not usu- 
ally the case. On the other hand, the in- 
terest seemed to widen and deepen rap- 
idly. It was seldom that the second audi- 
ence was not more than twice as large as 
the first and so it continued to the end 
when oftentimes the people could not ob- 
tain entrance to the halls or churches in 
which lectures were held. In short, there 
was a widespread interest in the subject. 
People were being continually urged to 
unite and it was natural that they should 
wish to know something about the orders 
which were soliciting their membership. 

Satan, who is the father of lies and 
the grand master of lodges, always has 
led his lodge servants to deny the truth 
in regard to these solicitations but all 
fairly intelligent people know that they 
are continuous and at times very clamor- 
ous. This is one explanation of the man- 
ner in which audiences increased. So far 
as I remember at this time, I held only 
two meetings in these days where this 
increase in hearing did not take place. 
The two exceptions were in Danville, Il- 
linois and Carbondale, Pennsylvania. In 
both these cities there was an agreement 
on the part of the lodge men to remain 
away themselves and to prevent others 
from coming. It would be impossible for 
me, at this late date, to prove that state- 
ment but I knew it was true then and I 
know it is true now. In cases like this 
we were compelled to do the best we 
could with the smaller hearing which we 
obtained. 

The very circulation of tracts and bills 
for the meetings directed attention to 
the subject and the few who came out 
to listen carried with them light which 
was of service to those who were willing 
to give attention to it. The blossoms on 
the trees in the spring time do not all 
result in fruit. On the other hand, per- 
haps there are ten or fifty or one hun- 
dred which fall without coming to full- 
ness of life. This seems to be God's or- 
der for the universe. I do not know that 
we should regret it certainly we cannot 
change it. 



At Sandy Lake, Pennsylvania. 

Among the other towns which I 
reached in these days was one which 
bore the name above recorded. It was 
located in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, 
not a great way from the county seat 
which was also called Mercer. Our meet- 
ings here were held in the United Pres- 
byterian church and our moderator was 
a pastor of that denomination. He was a 
man of exceptional ability as a presiding 
officer for a public assembly and much 
of the success which was obtained in 
these meetings was due to his steadiness 
and ability. 

It was my rule, in all lecture assem- 
blies, to give the utmost freedom as to 
questions and replies. All people who 
desired to do so were permitted, if they 
were decent in speech, to ask any ques- 
tions they wished and to make any re- 
marks they chose. This custom was one 
of the things which increased audiences. 
The citizens were interested to hear their 
own neighbors talk and many attended 
the meetings who would not have done 
so had there been less liberty in this re- 



gard. 



It shortly, however, appeared that it 
was not wise for lodge men to undertake 
a public defense of lodgism. The argu- 
ments from reason and the Scripture 
were so strong against all secret com- 
binations that it was impossible for men, 
no matter what their native or acquired 
abilities might be, to make it appear that 
honest and good men required secret so- 
cieties and when one came to discuss the 
details of Freemasonry and similar or- 
ganizations the case was yet more de- 
cisive. 

The result was that Masons frequent- 
ly did as intimated above in the case of 
Carbondale and Danville ; they agreed to 
stay away and to keep others away as far 
as possible. This compact was made at 
Sandy Lake and at the first meeting, 
while there was a fair audience present, 
there was not a lodgeman in the house so 
far as I could ascertain. 

Arriving in the town a day or two be- 
fore, I had handed to the editor of the 
local paper a brief article setting forth 
the objects of the National Christian As- 
sociation and stating what we should at- 
tempt to do in meetings which were to 
be held. This article created quite a bit 
of interest and awakened some hostility. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



107 



It was one of the things which made 
lodge men shy of the meeting. The chair- 
man, however, regularly at every session 
said that any persons present who de- 
sired to make any defense of secret as- 
sociations were permitted to do so and 
he always paused long enough to produce 
the impression on the audience that if 
men did not avail themselves of this 
privilege it was because they thought it 
was safer not to do it. 

The people who attended the meetings, 
in their talk on the streets, at once began 
to challenge the representatives of secret 
orders to be present. They said to them, 
'Tf you know that your orders are a 
good thing why do you not come and 
say so? At every session. you have the 
opportunity. Always you are invited. 
Why do you never come?" The result 
was that moral pressure on all the mem- 
bers of the orders continued and in- 
creased and finally they came in large 
numbers, apparently intending to im- 
press in the one case by their presence 
as in the other instance they had attempt- 
ed to do so by their absence. 

I remember a minister who was set 
forward as their champion. He had pur- 
chased a copy of the Oliver-Macoy "En- 
cyclopedia and History of Freema- 
sonry." He had not, however, had time 
to study it well, perhaps did not know 
how. At all events it became evident as 
soon as he began to speak that he did 
not understand the book that he was 
using. This publication was an American 
revision of an English work. The Eng- 
lish author was a certain Reverend Mr. 
Oliver. The American author was a cer- 
tain Mr. Alacoy who was quite a prom- 
inent Mason in those days in New York. 
Instead of recasting the book Macoy 
printed in full the work of Oliver and 
then made an alphabetic arrangement of 
his revisions. The result was that the 
entire alphabet was found in the book 
twice. When I quoted from Oliver un- 
der a certain title this friend was looking 
in the Macoy part of the book and said 
that there was no such article there, so 
I had to get him to come forward and 
allow me to find the selection for him 
and then I asked him to read it to the 
congregation, which he did apparently 
with reluctance. The result was that the 



entire series of lectures seemed very im- 
pressive for the truth. 

i have reasons to suppose that all 
those who were opposed to lodges were 
confirmed and strengthened in their con- 
victions and that many who were not op- 
posed to them became so. 

The Danger of Fighting God. 

Subsequent events in that region were 
very sad to contemplate, so far as the 
lodge preachers and church members 
were concerned. One of the preachers 
who had defended the orders shortly 
thereafter buried a wife and child. He 
lost all of his property and became a 
very poor man. This was reported to 
me. I am not responsible for the state- 
ment. I have no doubt that it was true. 

Similar providences occurred in other 
homes. In a word, it appeared that God 
was opposed to the action of those men 
who were members of His church and 
at the same time worshiped at the altars 
of Baal. 

Only last evening I heard a minister 
mention the fact that a Christian man in 
his community who had been irritated at 
some true testimony, had a sick son ; that 
he did what he knew how to do for the 
recovery of the boy without avail ; that 
he finally sent for the minister whom he 
had injured and asked him to pray for 
his son, first begging forgiveness for his 
wrongdoing. The minister ofifered prayer 
and the boy recovered. The next Sab- 
bath in the church the man begged per- 
mission to speak and publicly acknowl- 
edged his sin against the pastor, his belief 
that the sickness of his child was a result 
and that when he had repented and his 
pastor had prayed, his child was re- 
covered. 

I was reminded as he spoke of another 
event wdiich occurred in a little city 
north of Chicago. A humble minister 
was warning the people against grieving 
the Holy Spirit. He was a very earnest, 
honest, afifectionate, true hearted man of 
God. He said to the people "T fear tliat 
some of you are grieving the Holy Spirit. 
It is a very dangerous tiling to do. 1 
hope you will not do it. I fear for you 
if you do." A lady turned in her seat 
and spoke in a sneering manner to the 
lady behind her. Within two weeks both 
of those ladies were dead and buried and 
the week following another lady who had 



108 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



shared in their hostihty to her minister 
was also in her grave. At the same time 
deadly sickness was in a number of 
homes. The men of these homes gath- 
ered together and came in a body to the 
pastor saying to him, "Pastor, come and 
pray in our houses that the plague may 
be stayed. We have been resisting the 
Holy Ghost" He went into those houses, 
one by one, and prayed and in every in- 
stance the sick ones were healed. There 
was not another death at that time in 
that congregation. 

I mention these facts in connection be- 
cause they are related as to type and be- 
cause they are a warning much needed 
by many of the Lord's professed people 
at this time. 

The Laodicean Age. 

A\> are in the age of Laodicea, the time 
when the church says, 'T am rich and in- 
creased in goods" and does not know that 
she is poor and wretched and miserable. 
This age of the church is associated with 
the age of lawlessness in government. 
AMien Antichrist comes he will be the 
lawless one. That is to say, he will teach 
people to disregard the law of God. He 
disregards it himself. The law of God is 
that man should worship his son Jesus 
Christ. Those who will not do this will 
do anything they like which they dare 
do, which is lawless in character. 

Faithful preachers who honestly warn 
people are, I fear, comparatively few. I 
think that ministers who really desire 
that their congregations should do right 
are numerous. I should hate to believe 
that there were many professed preach- 
ers of the gospel who did not have this 
feeling, but honest, faithful warnings are 
comparatively rare. The love of the 
world, desire for the approbation and 
good opinion of the world, the effort to 
avoid what will make trouble, to say 
things which will please, even if they 
are not exactly true, this is a common 
feeling in our day. 

Ministers of this kind have no testi- 
mony, have no enemies, but on the other 
hand they have no power. It is quite 
safe to disregard what they say because 
they are not really God's messengers to 
men but when the truth required for the 
age and the community is honestly ut- 
tered it is a dangerous thing to antag- 
onize it or those who bring it. God has 



a disposition to maintain His own cause 
and He is entirely able to do it. 
Thunderings, lightnings, earthquakes, 
upheavals, diseases, accidents, all these 
are quite within His reach and from time 
to time He puts forth His power to de- 
stroy those who are not willing to repent. 
In these last days when things are cul- 
minating so rapidly we should walk very 
softly before God, and if there is a ques- 
tion as to our relations to Him we should 
not rest day or night until the matter is 
cleared up, the question answered. It is 
not possible for us to deceive God or to 
overcome Him. The old hymn says 
truly : 

"Jesus shall reign where'er the sun 
Does his successive journeys run; 

His kingdom spread from shore to shore, 
Till moons shall wax and wane no more." 

He will not only reign. People will 
know that He is reigning and if people 
seek to resist Him He will destroy them. 
They ought to be destroyed and they will 
be. This is not an unkindness ; it is a 
mercy. It would be a terrible thing for 
the world if iniquity could triumph but 
it cannot do so. For a little time God's 
thunderbolts may sleep and those who 
do evil may be encouraged but in the 
end there will be an overflowing flood. 
The agreement with hell will be canceled, 
the covenant with death will be abolished 
and it will appear that Christ is righteous 
and has a right to reign. 

I cannot understand how professed 
Christians, especially ministers of the 
gospel, dare to occupy positions which 
many of them maintain respecting lodges. 
They laugh and joke and hasten on to 
judgment. The souls that they ensnare 
perish with them. It is a sad thing to 
say but I fear that it is literally true. 

If one man of this type reads these 
words, if only one, let him, as he loves 
his own soul and cares for other souls 
which he may influence, turn away from 
the false faiths of our time and do as 
the living creatures, the elders, the 
saints and angels in heaven do, fall down 
before Jesus and acknowledge Him to be 
Lord and King. 



Light thoughts make dark thinkers. 

Time is a great instructor even to the 
wilful. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



109 



THE CLOSED SHOP. 
Higher Cost of Living the Result. 

The New York Times in referring to 
the closed shop declares : 

It is a political outrage that there 
should be obstacles to any man's realiza- 
tion of his own plans for an honest live- 
lihood. The economic wrong on the 
community is equally offensive and can 
be translated into facts of easy under- 
standing. Bricklayers used to work ten 
hours for $3 and $4 and lay upward of 
2,000 bricks. The trade is "closed" now, 
and wages are $2 higher for two hours' 
less work. Behold what the union has 
done for the poor bricklayer, and remark 
also that the bricks laid in the shorter 
day for the higher wage are fewer by 
half. This simply starts an endless chain 
of higher cost, including higher rent, the 
greatest single burden upon living, next 
to food. Carpenters used to hang a door 
in an hour — eight or ten a day. The shops 
are closed now, and four doors a day are 
a full output. When the structural iron 
shops were closed scarcely one hundred 
rivets would be driven in a day. The 
dynamite outrages were the result of the 
proof that 200 to 400 rivets could be 
driven in a day by workers glad of the 
chance, if they were not murdered at 
the job. Carry these figures through all 
the trades, and whoever complaitis of 
the cost of living can see what the closed 
shop means to him. It is proclaimed in 
the name of human uplift, and is the 
synonym for sloth and inefficiency and 
cost of Hving beyond endurance, even if 
free labor be permitted. The closed shop 
is inconsistent with the fundamental 
principles of humanity and of our system 
of government. 



LABOR UNIONS. 
Action Church of the Brethren. 

Agitation concerning the admission to 
membership of persons belonging to La- 
bor Unions was brought before the An- 
nual Meeting of the Church of the Breth- 
ren some four years ago but final action 
was not taken until the meeting held last 
June at Hershey, Pennsylvania. The 
history of the case is as follows : 
Instructions Asked. 

''Whereas, Annual Meeting has ad- 
vised strongly against members uniting 
with Labor Unions, but has not strictly 
forbidden it in its last decision (see Art. 



9, 1908), therefore, we, the Reading 
church, ask District Meeting: 

"(i) Whether some leniency can be 
shown members who, in the judgment of 
the local church, have joined the Union, 
not because they are in sympathy with 
the Union, but for the sake of obtaining 
work in a city where labor is closely or- 
ganized ? 

"(2) Is it allowable for brethren who 
are contractors to sign the 'Union Wage 
Scale'? 

"(3) Are brethren justified in belong- 
ing to relief associations or beneficiary 
societies?" 

Report of Committee, 1912. 

"After a careful consideration of the 
above queries, your committee submits 
the following : 

"i. We consider the first two ques- 
tions answered satisfactorily in Annual 
Meeting Minutes, 1908, Art. 9. 

"2. Members may belong to relief as- 
sociations and beneficiary societies when, 
by so doing, they violate no gospel prin- 
ciple. 

"Signed by H. C. Early, A. P. Blotigh, 
I. H. Crist, Galen B. Royer, A. L. 
Wright, Committee. 

"Answer : Report accepted and com- 
mittee continued." 

Answer of Annual Meeting, 1913. 

"Decided that a commitee of five be 
continued and report at next Annual 
Conference. Committee: A. P. Blouf^h, 
I. H. Crist, A. L. Wright, G. H. Bashor, 
M. C. Swigart." 

Report of Committee, 1914. 

"Committee reports progress but is not 
ready to present a report to this Confer- 
ence. 

"Conference decided that the commit- 
tee be continued in the work." 

Report of Committee, 1915. 

"After a most careful investigation of 
all the issues involved in the above quer- 
ies, your committee submits the follow- 
ing report : 

"i. Members may belong to Labor 
Unions, relief associations and benefi- 
ciary societies when, by doing so, they 
violate no gospel principle. 

"2. Members desiring to have the 
benefits of labor organizations, relief as- 
sociations, and beneficiary societies shall, 
before affiliating with such organizations 
or societies, request the local church to 
investigate said organizations and soci- 



no 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



eties, to see whether any gospel principle 
may possibly be violated by affiliating 
with such organizations and societies. 

■'3. All former decisions, conflictmg 
with the above, are hereby repealed. 

"Committee : A. P. Blough, I. H. Crist, 
G. H. Bashor, A. L. Wright, iM. C. Swi- 
gart." 

Conference Action. 

Tlie Gospel Messenger tells lis that 
''the report on 'Labor Unions' precipi- 
tated an exceedingly earnest discussion. 
Inside of an hour about twenty speeches 
were made, and the situation grew in- 
teresting. The ^Moderator, in his kind, 
diplomatic way, kept everything well in 
hand, and the best of feelings prevailed. 

"Instead of passing the answer formed 
by the committee, entrusted with the 
question, a substitute motion prevailed, 
and it was decided that, while this Con- 
ference cannot sanction membership in 
Labor L^nions, yet we do not see our 
way clear wholly to forbid necessary af- 
filiation with Labor Unions, relief asso- 
ciations and beneficiary societies, wdien 
no Gospel principles are violated." 



ELKS' AND MOOSE'S BARS HIT. 

Perhaps a survey of the actions of 
some of the industrial concerns in Amer- 
ica will set us right in our thinking as 
to the trend of things and encourage 
those whose hard w^ork and prayers 
against the liquor traffic have seemed 
to be all but vain. The American Sheet 
& Tin Plate Company has made a rule 
that no man shall be employed in its 
plant who holds membership in a club 
that maintains a bar. 

As a result of this action, the Elks and 
Loyal Order of Moose, of Apollo, Penn- 
sylvania, will petition their respective 
grand lodges to abolish all such bars and 
sideboards maintained in their lodge 
rooms. — Rev. Grant Perkins, in the 
"Home Department Quarterly." 



ELKS WANT NEW ANTHEM. 

The Order of Elks has authorized the 
board of trustees to offer $2,500 as a 
prize to any author who shall compose a 
national anthem that congress will adopt. 
It is asserted that the ''Star Spangled 
Banner" has become unsuitable and that 
the time is ripe to adopt a new anthem to 
express our patriotism. — Chicago Trib- 
une. 



JOHN BRADLEY. 

John Bradley was born near Mans- 
field, Ohio, on February 24, 1829. 

\Mien twenty-three years old he went 
to the California gold fields via the Isth- 
mus of Panama. After five years he 
returned, retracing his route, and arriv- 
ing home greatly to the surprise of his 
parents and friends, who believed he had 
been drowned. The same year Mr. Brad- 
ley removed to Wisconsin, and in 1858 




JOHN BRADLEY. 

was happily united in marriage with 
Miss Evaline Harsh. They settled at 
Iron Ridge and lived there until the fall 
of 1862, when they bought a farm near 
Wyanet, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Bradley 
continued to make this farm their home 
until 1899, when they removed nearer 
Wyanet onto the farm he purchased pre- 
viously from his father. Here Mr. Brad- 
ley died on Wednesday afternoon, June 
23d, at the age of 86 years. He is sur- 
vived by his widow and four sons. 

Mr. Bradley had always been in robust 
health until about one and one-half years 
ago, when partially stricken with paraly- 
sis, which kept him to his bed for some 
time. But this gradually wore off and to 
his own pleasure and to the delight of 
his family and friends he was able to 
again move about among them. Just 
four weeks prior to his death he was 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



111 



again stricken, more severely than upon 
the first occasion. A third stroke a few 
days before his death hastened the end. 

From the time he was converted he 
was filled with a great longing that 
everybody, especially the children might 
be converted and know Christ. Many 
there are, who can lovingly recall Mr. 
Bradley's kindly interest in their soul's 
welfare. He was a grand man, one 
whose life and example stood for truth 
and integrity and kindness in all things 
— a staunch believer and practitioner of 
God's teachings. His life was a daily 
testimony of a Christian heart within. 

Mr. Bradley was a faithful witness on 
the lodge question. Before his conver- 
sion he was an ardent Odd-Fellow and 
it seemed to be his lodge membership 
that stood in the way of his accepting 
Christ. He loved the truth and Odd-Fel- 
lowship held up truth as a cardinal vir- 
tue. To Mr. Bradley's mind that was all 
he needed. It was a faithful preacher, 
who had been an Odd-Fellow, who 
showed Mr. Bradley that Jesus Christ is 
the Truth, and that the truth of Odd-Fel- 
lowship is not the truth of the Gospel. 
When once Mr. Bradley saw the light, 
renunciation of the lodge and acceptance 
of Christ were immediately accom- 
plished. By word of mouth and by dis- 
tribution of tracts he sought to keep oth- 
ers out of the snare into which he had 
fallen. 

That his testimony might not cease 
with his death, Mr. Bradley left a be- 
quest to the National Christian Associa- 
tion. 



Thank God every morning when you 
get up that you have something to do 
that day which must be done, whether 
you like it or not. Being forced to work, 
and forced to do your best, will breed in 
you a hundred virtues which the idle 
never know. — Charles Kingsley. 



ORDER OF COWBOY RANGERS. 

It has come at last. A new fraternal 
order has been established to be known 
as the ''Order of Cowboy Rangers." We 
wonder if they will give chase to the 
Buffaloes, the Elks, the Bisons, the Ea- 
gles, and all the rest of the animal soci- 
eties now roaming at large. — The Sacred 
Heart Review. ■ 



SCOTTISH RITE MASONRY. 

''Scottish Rite Masonry is not Chris- 
tian nor is it the property of any one 
creed. It professes the universal truths, 
those upon which all men agree, and 
leaves each of its members at liberty to 
clothe the Deity whom he worships in 
any attributes his conscience may dic- 
tate. The Christian may see in the Lion 
of the tribe of Judah his Christ, the 
Jew can consider him the representation 
of some other divinely inspired person 
or of some principle. Each is to respect 
the belief of the other and permit him to 
enjoy it in peace. 

"The Scottish rite takes its philosophy 
— at least in the degrees from the fourth 
to the thirty-second inclusive — from a 
number of traditions and cults. It draws 
principally from the Hebrew, but also 
uses the Christian, Egyptian and Greek. 
It might as well be claimed that the 
characters of Egyptian and Greek my- 
thology employed in the thirty-first de- 
gree are real, immortal deities as to in- 
sist that the eighteenth degree claims the 
divinity of Jesus. The characters in all 
these degrees are used to expound prin- 
ciples and convey truths and lessons, but 
nowhere in the eighteenth degree is a 
claim made for the divinity of the Naz- 
arene. This at least is the ritual in the 
Southern jurisdiction of the United 
States, the mother council of the world, 
whose liturgy was arranged by the Al- 
bert Pike, than whom no greater ]\Ia- 
sonic scholar has ever lived. 

"Every time we have seen this degree 
conferred we have also witnessed the 
giving of the explanation that each mem- 
ber may see that character in the light in 
which his conscience exhibits him. The 
Jew may see in him only the teacher of 
great moral truths ; the Christian may 
worship him as a divinity, the Son of 
God. Each of us makes such applica- 
tion to his own faith and creed, of the 
symbols and ceremonies of this degree, 
as seems to him proper, and no one has 
the right to dictate to him the applica- 
tion which he makes of the symbols of 
the eighteenth degree ; it rests with him- 
self and his God." — Scottish Rite Bul- 
letin. 

The Paschal Lamb Service 

takes place in the Rose Croix, i8th De- 
gree, Scotch Rite. It is in this Masonic 



112 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



degree that the crucifixion of our Lord 
is caricatured. The following is taken 
from the opening ceremonies : 

'Tt is the moment that the veil of the 
temple was rent when darkness and con- 
sternation covered the earth ; when the 
stars disappeared and the lamp of day 
was darkened; when the implements of 
^^lasonry were lost and the cubic stone 
sweat blood and w^ater ; that was the 
moment when the great Masonic word 
was lost." 

In the "Book of the Ancient Accepted 
Scottish Rite of Freemasonry," by 
Charles T. McClenachan, Thirty-third 
Degree, the ceremonies of the "Paschal 
Feast" are given. It is held on Holy 
Thursday preceding Easter. "On this 
most solemn festival, a young lamb, 
roasted, is to be eaten at the feast. It 
must be white, without spot or blemish, 
and killed with a single blow of a knife. 
One of the brethren must prepare it; 
and the head and feet must be cut ofi^, 
and burned as an ofifering. At the re- 
past, each must eat a piece." (Page 266.) 

"The Most Wise then takes two cakes 
whole of the Passover-bread, and a bro- 
ken one. in his hand together, and breaks 
the upper cake ; but he must not eat 
thereof till he breaks a piece off the bro- 
ken one ; then saying '^ * * gives a 
piece of each to every one at the table. 
Both pieces are eaten together. After 
this commences the general feast of the 
lamb and white wine." (Page 270.) 

The W. M. addressing the brethren 
gathered about the paschal board says 
among other things, "We belong to no 
creed or school, but to universality, 
where Truth is the base and Morality 
the handmaid ; we are Knights of Ma- 
sonrv, and to her service our swords are 
consecrated."— McClenachan, page 270. 

Following the Paschal Lamb Feast, 
occurs the "Ceremony of Extinguishing 
the Lights" which remain unlit until 
Easter Sunday, when the "Ceremony of 
Re-lighting" is held, at which time the 
room that on Thursday was decorated 
with "clouds and darkness" is lit with 
the sun, moon and stars all shining to- 
gether in a clear sky and "in the extreme 
east is seen in the sky a cross surrounded 
by a glory," etc. 

Impassable Barrier Removed. 

Savs Dr. Albert G. Mackey ; "It was, 



indeed, on its first inception, an attempt 
to Christianize Freemasonry ; to apply 
the rites, and symbols, and traditions of 
Ancient Craft Masonry to the last and 
greatest dispensation ; to add to the first 
Temple of Solomon and the second of 
Zerubbabel a third, that to which Christ 
alluded when he said, "Destroy this tem- 
ple, and in three days will I raise it up." 
The great discovery which was made in 
the Royal Arch ceases to be of value in 
this degree ; for it another is substituted 
of more Christian application ; the Wis- 
dom, Strength and Beauty which sup- 
ported the ancient Temple are replaced 
by the Christian pillars of Faith, Hope 
and Charity ; the great lights, of course, 
remain, because they are of the very es- 
sence of Masonry ; but the three lesser 
give way to the thirty-three, which allude 
to the years of the Messiah's sojourn 
on earth. Everything, in short, about 
this degree is Christian ; but, as I have 
already said, the Christian teachings of 
the degree have been applied to the sub- 
lime principles of a universal system, 
and an interpretation and illustration of 
the doctrines of the "Master of Naz- 
areth,'' so adapted to the Masonic doc/ma 
of tolerance, that men of every faith may 
embrace and respect them. It thus per- 
forms a noble mission. It obliterates 
alike the intolerance of those Christians 
zvho sought to erect an impassable bar- 
rier around the sheepfold, and the equal 
intolerance of those of other religions 
who would be ready to exclaim 'Can any 
good thing come out of Nazareth?'" — 
"Encyclopedia of Freemasonry," page 
662. 

It is with something of a shock that 
we find an attack on the Gospel method 
of salvation clothed in the very figure of 
speech used in the Bible. Mr. Mackey 
says that intolerant Christians seek "to 
erect an impassable barrier around the 
sheepfold." Jesus Himself, with the 
special emphasis of "Verily, verily," re- 
bukes this false teacher in these words; 
"He that entereth not by the door into 
the sheepfold, but climbeth up some 
other way, the same is a thief and a rob- 
ber. I am the door; by me if any man 
enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go 
in and out and find pasture." — John 10; 
I and 9. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



113 



• 


Sll^ Qlnmtng (flnnfltrt 

BY 
EDWIN BROWN GRAHAM 


• 



CHAPTER XXIII. 
"There's Villainous News Abroad." 

"I cannot tell how the truth may be, 
I say the tale as 'twas said to me." 

It was often charged by the members 
and friends of the lodge in Brandon that 
their town was the worst place for oppo- 
sition in the country ; that the subject 
was not discussed in any other commu- 
nity, and that the conflict would never 
amount to more than a neighborhood 
quarrel anyhow. They evidently beheved 
their own statements. The same things 
are believed in hundreds of other vil- 
lages and cities. 

\Miy the lecturers who speak in one 
place never speak or make any impres- 
sion elsewhere, is a question not asked 
by members of the lodge. They do not 
know in any certain locahty that their 
secrets are out and the country is rising 
up against them imtil a speaker comes, 
gives a lecture and works the degrees 
Then they think their situation is most 
peculiar, and they are of all men the 
most miserable. 

But that the movement against the 
lodge is being spread, and that the iodge 
meets it in the same spirit everywhere 
is evident in several ways. The XortJi 
Star, a paper published in opposition to 
all secret societies, has thousands of sub- 
scribers, and brings reports of earnest 
and successful work being done in all 
parts of the land. Several other papers 
of like character are doing the same in 
a more limited degree. 

And although the vast majority of 
newspapers do not desire or dare to pub- 
lish the news, yet occasionally in some 
will be found an item bearing on the 
subject. Because some persons do not 
read in their Crozv's-eye, or Post, or 
Advocate, or some other paper owned 
or controlled by the lodge, accounts of 
these things, they, in their bland and 
childlike innocence, doubt the facts of 
every occurrence reported by those who 
read them elsewhere. But the reports 



are too numerous and too well attested 
to be doubted by any one with open 
eyes and good judgment. 

During her father's imprisonment 
Edith had cut from dilterent journals 
many accounts of a Masonic and antima- 
sonic work, and pasted them in her 
scrap book, so as to make a partial his- 
tory of this conflict. She hoped some 
day to show it to her father, who, if he 
should return, would be inquiring what 
had been done in his absence. From 
this book, in order more clearly to show 
the true condition of affairs past and 
present, the following extracts are taken. 
The first is an advertisement from the 
Croz<''s-eyc. 

$50.0(1 RE\\-ARD. 

The above reward is offered to any one 
who will discover, arrest and convict the mis- 
creant who threw the stone which struck Rew 
Richard Hospin after his lecture on '"Secret 
Societies" in Bethanv Church, on the nis^ht of 
the 14th of ^larch,' 18—. 

James Butler, Pastor. 
The Xortli Star published the follow- 
in o" : 

FREE SPEECH DEXIED. 
MOB OR MASONIC LAW ENFORCED. 

Our readers will be pained to learn that 
Rev. David B. Cooper, one of our most es- 
teemed lecturers, was brutally assaulted and 

nearl\- murdered at Killintown, . last 

week. A brief note announces the fact that 
while sittino- in the store of a friend, con- 
versing" with him on the subject on which he 
was to speak that night, several citizens came 
in and without provocation began beating him 
o^'er the head and kicking him in the stomach 
until they left him for dead. He will probr 
ably die. 

Because this was seen by some only 
in an antimasonic paper, it was doubted 
that there was any like occurrence. But 
the following, clipped from a weekly 
journal published in the same county in 
which the occurrence took place, con- 
firms the account of the outrage and, be- 
ing evidently written by a member of 
the charitable order, shows their views 
of law : 

FREEMASONRY "^'eX POSED." 

Killintown, Jmie 21st, 18 — . 
Editor Jour)ial: Mondav. on the train from 



114 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



the west, came a Air. Cooper to expose Free- 
masonry, the lectures to be given Tuesday and 
Wednesday evenings. He conducted himself 
in rather an imposing manner, and frequently 
engaged in arguments with the boys in the 
matter, until hnally his remarks and misrepre- 
sentations so disgusted his hearers that one of 
them laid his hst very heavily on the cranium 
of the exposer, and said gentleman concluded 
he had better sit down upon the floor and 
rest, but finally landed in the mud in the street 
without any exertion of his own. Then his 
hat, which had been left upon the sidewalk, 
was politely handed over the mud to him by a 
new process. Said gentlemanly exposer finally 
concluded he was too sick at his stomach to 
lecture that night and left the town, but the 
boys presented him with eggs enough as he 
left to have made several egg-nogs. They 
were awfully careless in handing the eggs to 
him. but I suppose it was because he had no 
time to stop and receive them any other way. 

M. 
From TJic Democrat, published in a 
city in a distant state : 

The judge then presented to the mayor, in 
behalf of the police department, a magnificent 
inlaid gold Masonic emblem. 

From Tlie Wasp of the next day, re- 
ferring only to the officers and not to the 
lodge which controls them : 

After a few more murderous matinees re- 
sulting from the refusal of the authorities of 
this city to enforce the law, the people will 
place the responsibility where it belongs. 

From a letter from a prominent man, 
published in the Iron City Tradesman: 

Not long since I discovered that I was los- 
ing money and letters from the post office. 
I informed the post office department at 
Washington of the facts of the case and they 
sent on a detective to work up the affair. He 
soon detected the thief, in fact caught him in 
the very act of stealing. The man was tried, 
convicted and sentenced, not to the peniten- 
tiary or to the jail, but to one year in the 
county workhouse. After several months' im- 
prisonment he was pardoned by the President. 
He now fills a position in the custom house; 
and I understand that before he was convicted 
of stealing from me he had been found guilty 
two or three times of petty larceny. He was 
a Mason, and it was through their influence 
that he was liberated. 

Sometimes after a lecture, the speaker 
and friends were abused only in words, 
as the following extracts from local pa- 
pers will show : 

Why the Hibernian came we know not, 
except to put in his inguinal region the hard- 
earned shekels of our people by charging the 
small admission of ten cents. 

Again : 

The man's appearance is certainly not in 
his favor. He has a beautiful blossom on his 
proboscis and a peculiar red and swollen con- 
dition of the eyes, giving them a kind of felo- 
nious squint. If he has been a Mason and is 



now revealing that which he swore and called 
on God to witness he would not reveal, he is 
a villain of the deepest dye. 

This thing of one man or a set of men of 
questionable character coming among us and 
feloniously attacking, without cause, an insti- 
tution whose intent and purpose is honorable, 
and through several centuries has borne the 
closest scrutiny, it is, to say the least, damna- 
ble. 

Another paper published as an edi- 
torial that the lecturer had probably 
made an efifort to become a Mason, but 
had been blackballed, and then added: 

All the efforts that have ever been made 
to expose Masonry have only strengthened the 
order and proved the exposers knaves and 
fools. 

Another said : 

This man is the agent of a college president 
who stole five thousand dollars from his col- 
lege, and tried to lay it on his dead mother- 
in-law. Such war dances will only make 
Masonry stronger, and will injure the church 
and all parties engaged in them. 

From a published letter written in 
one of the middle states : 

After the lecture last night on the subject of 
Freemasonry, the speaker, Rev. R. P. John- 
son, started home with Mr. Piper in his fam- 
ily carriage. When about a mile from the 
village, near the woods, the occupants of the 
carriage were startled by the report of fire- 
arms from the thicket on the roadside. Mr. 
Johnson at once shouted, "I am shot — shot 
in the arm!" The horses were run for a 
short distance, when on stopping it was found 
that Mrs. Piper had fainted and Mr. Johnson 
was painfully but not dangerously wounded 
in the arm. 

From a paper in another state : 
Peter Brown, who has been in the habit of 
drinking, failed to come home on Friday night 
of week before last. At first little attention 
was paid to the fact, but afterwards search 
was instituted and on Sunday morning he 
was found near the roadside where in his 
spree he had fallen from his horse and per- 
ished. Some animal had eaten out his tongue. 
A warning against the use of the bowl. 

Another paper, near the former, after- 
wards published this : 

Sometime previous to his death Peter Brown 
had told his friends that he was afraid he 
would be killed because he had been exposing 
the secrets of his order. He manifested great 
fear. He would never stay alone at night. 
He would have some one stay with him, and 
would bring in the axes, and bar the doors, 
and then often spent the night in agony. 
When he disappeared he was not found until 
the ninth day, and then on a knoll where sev- 
eral of our best citizens will testify they pre- 
viously had looked for him. His tongue was 
not eaten out ; it was cut out smoothly with 
some sharp instrument. His throat was cut 
also from ear to ear. When It was sewed up 
the blood flowed freely, and there was no offen- 
sive smell about the body. The doctor will 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



115 



testify that Brown had not been dead twenty- 
four hours when found. Yet our officers will 
do nothing definite to ferret out and punish 
the perpetrators. A respectable citizen, whose 
name we can give, and who has left the 
order, declares that he believes the Masons 
killed Brown. 

But why continue? By the mouth of 
two or three witnesses everything shall 
be established. If the following can oc- 
cur, as it did, in a leading city in this 
country, why will one doubt any account 
which has been made? The following 
was published in the leading paper of 
the city, and in at least three other prom- 
inent papers in the country ; and yet the 
account was not copied by newspapers 
generally, nor referred to by them, and 
is not known by the vast majority of 
citizens. This is from the account pub- 
lished by order of the convention in one 
of the city papers. It was signed by 
the president of the convention, who was 
president of a leading college in this 
country, and countersigned by two secre- 
taries : 

The National Christian Association, which 
aims to enlighten the public in regard to the 
principles and character of Masonry and other 
secret fraternities, held its twelfth anniversary 
convention in this citv on March 24th, 25th 
and 2(3th. 

The night meetings were held in Music HalU 
where a past master gave on the last night the 
third degree of Masonry, with explanations of 
its symbolisms. But owing to the presence of 
a large number of Masons, who carried on an 
organized riot of noisy demonstrations, the 
exercises could only be seen, and the large 
audiences which assembled to hear were whol- 
ly deprived of the privilege. The city authori- 
ties had required the Association to hire the 
services of twenty-one policemen to keep 
order, and the owner of the hall compelled 
the taking of an entrance fee to exclude the 
rabble ; and yet there was utter disorder, and 
an evidently prearranged determination to pre- 
vent the speakers from being heard. The 
clapping, stamping, whistling, cheering and 
loud cries of derision were kept up from the 
beginning, so that no one was allowed to be 
heard. Even a man ninety-three years of age, 
an ex-member of the legislature, once a mem- 
ber of the same lodge with Morgan, and from 
whose house the body of that murdered man 
was buried, when he attempted to speak was 
met with derisive laughter, insulting epithets 
and cheers which wholly drowned his voice. 
Threats were freely made on both evenings 
against different speakers and members of tlie 
convention; even threats to take life were 
made against two of them, whom tliey said 
they had "spotted, and would send after ]\Ior- 
can." One of those making these threats was 
heard by a number of persons, who will testify 
to the facts and identifv the man. The first 



evening one delegate was hit by a Ijrickbat and 
two others were pelted with bad eggs. The 
second evening, had not the lecturer passed out 
without being recognized he would have been 
attacked by a crowd of Freemasons, who 
waited about the doors till midnight for that 
purpose ; and the police informed the delegates 
that they must not venture to leave the build- 
ing without their escort. Surely a system that 
meets the arguments of a Christian assembly 
with only such relnittal stands self-condemned 
as guilty of all and greater w^ickedness than 
its present opponents have laid to its charge. 
This manifestation of mobocracy in the re- 
fined center of New England was made by 
no "fellows of the baser sort," but was the 
work of men of standing in wealth and social 
position, and high in Masonic honor and influ- 
ence, as was evident from their appearance 
and the manifest deference shown to them 
by the police. The policemen, whom the so- 
ciety was forced to pay to keep order in their 
meeting, confined themselves to "guarding 
property and life," and put forth no eft'ort to 
restrain the lawless noise of the rioters. Sev- 
eral police captains were present, yet no orders 
were given to suppress the disturbers of the 
meeting. A captain, when pressed by one of 
the vice-presidents of the association, admitted 
that the ends for which the hall w^as hired and 
the police employed were defeated, yet he 
ordered no arrest, and permitted the outrage 
to continue to the end. The leaders of the mob 
were pointed out to the police, and the noise 
was repeatedly led by men right beside the 
officers, and yet these guardians of pulbic lib- 
erty in this great city looked on in helpless 
impotence, or with sympathy and approval. A 
portion of the press of the city truly charac- 
terized the disturbance and shameful proceed- 
ings, but studiously misrepresented the facts 
by false statements about the motives and 
character of the association, and the spirit and 
character of the rioters. Thus, in this 
"Cradle of American Liberty," the right of 
free speech is again outrageoush- denied to 
Christian men, and loose rein is given to men 
whose conduct is an outrage and disgrace to 
our civilization. 

After his own experience Groves be- 
lieved all these to be reliable accounts. 
He was glad as well as sad. It made him 
sad to think that his country, his church, 
and so many of his fellow-men were im- 
der the bondage of this secret empire, 
and that there must be so much sufifer- 
ing ere its rule would be destroyed. He 
was glad to know that during his impris- 
onment the opposition to the institution 
had increased. He rejoiced to see oppo- 
sition arising in so many places against 
all secret societies ; for he considered all 
others but the children of Freemasonrv. 
to which parent they, to a greater or less 
degree, bear resemblance in both appear- 
ance and character. 

(To be concluded.) 



116 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



iE&itemL 



MASONIC CANNIBALS. 
"Give the Devil his due." A Masonic 
sign, it is said, tamed the cannibals who 
were making trouble for a company of 
men temporarily landed from a New 
Bedford whaling vessel on a Pacific 
island. In the party of whalemen was 
the man w^ho first enlisted in Connecti- 
cut for service in the navy at the out- 
break of the Civil War. At the age of 
ninety-five he now lives in Dover, N. H. ; 
an active man who has worked in twen- 
ty-nine states of the Union, and visited 
almost every quarter of the world. His 
four years in the navy preceded his 
whaling life in the course of which oc- 
curred the warlike encounter with can- 
nibals, remembered, doubtless, by this 
survivor alone. The savages were mak- 
ing a lively time for the sailors, whether 
they were the aggressors or not. As the 
story goes, it was the chief who gave the 
captain a Masonic sign ; but it may have 
been the captain who tried the chief, for 
the savage called ofif his warriors. There- 
upon the sailors were lavishly enter- 
tained, though they hardly knew just 
why, for the captain, who was a thirty- 
second degree Mason, would not explain 
the secret to his men. How fortunate it 
was that the cannibals had been in- 
structed in morality ! What benighted 
savages they might have been if they 
had not learned Masonic signs ! 



HOW HE BEGAN. 

By putting on record and making 
available to our readers the story of his 
service in the reform which he still ad- 
vocates. President Blanchard puts all 
who are interested in the cause he rep- 
resents under very great obligation. In 
telling how he gained his first real knowl- 
edge of Masonry, he has incidentally 
provided wise direction for those tio 
whom the subject is still new. More 
than one method of approach is possi- 
ble, and we by no means set for the 
one he selected as to be accounted the 
only good one. But it is good. His suc- 
cess in early work attests the efficiency 
of his method of qualifying himself. He 
chose a path that securely leads into 
real knowledge. 



For one thing, he followed the track 
pursued by Masons themselves, and in 
this way came to know precisely what 
they know about the fundamental prin- 
ciples of their system. We do not say 
that at first he knew in detail all that 
some Masons learn, or all that he him- 
self knows now. What we do mean is 
that he proceeded as they do in learning 
the meaning of Masonry, and so shared 
their knowledge as he proceeded. This 
is a wise and true method. One of its 
advantages is the confidence which the 
learner feels that he is in possession of 
genuine information, and therefore need 
not flinch before an opponent who ac- 
cuses him of talking against what he 
knows nothing about. He can calmly 
rest in the assurance that he speaks from 
the very same knowledge which Masons 
possess. 

Another thing worth noticing, is the 
slight attention he at first gave to the 
mere ritual. Having stated his present 
opinion, which is undeniably mature and 
competent, the opinion that he soon be- 
came "fairly intelligent as to the philoso- 
phy, religion and history of the order," 
he proceeds with this statement. "At 
this time I had never read the ritual as 
revealed by seceding Freemasons, I had 
never read a book by a person who was 
opposed to Freemasonry. I had opened 
the ritual, and found it impossible to be- 
lieve that it was a genuine thing, i^ * * ^ * 
The result was, I had no interest in the 
ritual and did not study it." This was 
his case up to the time when he began 
lecturing, and it was not a bad case 
either. For it is far more important to 
know the relation of the system to re- 
ligion and morality; far more necessary 
to understand its fundamental princi- 
ples than to know how to give a grip 
or a sign. The external mechanism is 
much less vital than the essential inner 
life, except as it embodies this life in 
some form. In due time Dr. Blanchard 
became conversant with both exoteric 
and esoteric Masonry — with both the vis- 
ible surface and the invisible depths. 
But in beginning as he did, he set an 
example of choice and method which we 
commend to thoughtful and studious 
readers of his sketches desiring to pur- 
sue studies of their own which will make 
them truly intelligent with respect to 
Freemasonry. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



117 



MOMENTOUS DECISIONS. 

The grand master of Wisconsin, ac- 
cording to The Masonic Chronicler, has 
renderd the following weighty decisions. 
We will not expect to see Masonry take 
great strides in his state : 

''Stammering does not constitute a 
physical disqualification where the candi- 
date can take the obligations to the sat- 
isfaction of the Master." 

*'The petition of a man born with 
only one ear cannot be received in a 
lodge, such a deformity being clearly 
within the restriction of the edict cov- 
ering physical qualifications." 

We can not escape the conclusion that 
a man with a twisted tongue must in 
some manner possess a higher order of 
soul than his one-eared brother. How 
else are we to account for his inability 
to grasp the ''beauties" of this order 
that claims, in public at least, "all men 
are brothers." Eugenics ought to be a 
popular side line with Masonry for it 
would solve many embarrassing ques- 
tions now propounded to grand masters. 

The grand master of Florida has 
solved the following riddles put to him : 

"A brother is guilty of unmasonic 
conduct in placing on his shop window 
the emblem of the square and com- 
passes, or other Masonic emblems, evi- 
dently for the purpose of attracting 
trade." 

How about wearing the Masonic pin? 
If it is not done "evidently for the pur- 
pose of attracting trade," then why, pray 
tell? 

"If the brethren of a lodge believe 
that there may have been a serious 
breach of the moral law by one of their 
members, it is their duty to investigate 
his conduct, whether the offended broth- 
er desires to make charges or not." 

But what if the lady involved does 
not happen to be the wife, mother, sis- 
ter or daughter of the ofifended brother? 
Such breaches of the "moral law" are 
hoi. unmasonic conduct. For what, then 
is the investigation? Whitewash? 

From the Arizona grand master comes 
this: 

"A minister cannot be admitted by 
initiation without charge." 

Hold on ! We appeal from this de- 
cision. You have forgotten that preach- 
ers make good advertising and are fine 



bait. They are worth more to the or- 
der than the initiation charge. Would 
you despise one of your chief assets? 

"There is nothing to prohibit the hold- 
ing of a dance, card party or bazaar, but 
it is not prudent to hold a raffle or any 
game of chance in a Masonic hall." 

The standard of Masonic morality is 
different from that of the Christian. 
The one is characterized by indulgence 
in and the other by separation from 
such worldly pleasures. 



A HARSH SPIRIT. 

Letters of "Lizzie Woods" show that 
her faithfulness to the interest of the 
colored people arouses the ire of some 
among the very ones whom she would 
rescue from secret slavery. Devotion of 
life itself, in addition to consecration 
of service, seems apparent from her ac- 
count of perils endured. For this reason, 
one who is apt to think of Masonry as 
more murderous in word and deed, is 
struck by her allusions to murderous 
inclinations exhibited and confessed by 
negroes in the South who are Odd-Fel- 
lows. While the Masonic ritual drips 
with blood, the other ritual is free from 
penalties and murderous signs ; one or- 
der diligently cultivates a sentiment 
which the other does not even Avarrant ; 
yet the evil spirit is plainly shown by 
these excited fraternal negroes. 

Warning given in a friendly way is a 
sign that such a disposition exists in the 
Odd-Fellow lodge. It shows that the 
character of the institution and its col- 
ored adherents is estimated as bad and 
dangerous. The same kind of proof is 
emphasized by repentant confession of 
any design or plan to kill this teacher 
of Christianity and critic of the antag- 
onist of true religion. Among the white 
people of the North, we do not find this 
order given to threats and Anolence — at 
least of this kind and in this degree. 
Other things which need not be enu- 
merated here, still deface its record, and 
invite grave condemnation with diHgent 
avoidance of membership and complicity. 
A corrupt tree, wherever planted, can- 
not fail to bring forth fruit flavored with 
its own nature. Accordingly, the letters 
to which we have referred are not the 
onlv writing of this import, neither does 
the record permit assigning this feature 



118 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



to one race or one locality. On page ii6 
of Odd-Fellowship Illustrated we find a 
similar testimony, which was written by 
the senior President Blanchard of Whea- 
ton college. "The idea," declares Dr. 
Jonathan Blanchard, "that 'Brotherly 
Love' can be promoted by such a con- 
cern, is simply preposterous. A colonel 
now in our regular army, who fought at 
the head of a regiment of volunteers in 
the horrible battles of James River, 
joined the Odd-Fellows in Galesburg, 
Illinois, while he was a member of my 
senior class in Knox College. He was an 
amiable young man, and made a brave 
and capable officer. I remonstrated with 
him and he felt the lodge. He after- 
wards told me that, after all their 'broth- 
erly love' professions, the night on which 
he took as he had a right by their rules 
to take his withdrawal card, the tone, 
looks and demeanor of his lodge breth- 
ren was such that he should have feared 
to be alone with them that night in the 
woods." So it seems that not all the 
disturbed brethren are also colored. 



PHI BETA KAPPA ORATION. 

The commencement exercises of 
Brown University held at Providence in 
June included the Phi Beta Kappa ora- 
tion delivered in Sayles Hall by Hon. 
John Bassett Moore. Among the three 
most illustrious graduates of Brown, Mr. 
Moore placed William L. Marcy of the 
class of 1808. In the cabinet of Presi- 
dent Polk he was Secretary of War, and 
during the war with Mexico his services 
to the country were invaluable. As Sec- 
retary of State in the cabinet of Frank- 
lin Pierce he was the author of state 
papers which are "distinguished by rare 
ability. It was an examination of these 
state papers," said Mr. Moore, "while I 
myself was serving as Secretary of 
State, that led me to study the life of 
Marcy." 

Official positions too numerous to be 
mentioned in this short article were held 
by Mr. Marcy who besides being a dip- 
lomat was executive, legislator and sol- 
dier. As an officer in command of vol- 
unteers he took the first prisoners and 
the first flag captured on land in the war 
of 1812. The Phi Beta Kappa audience 
was informed that "Mr. Marcy was the 
judge who presided over the famous 



murder trial for the killing of William 
Morgan." 

Current diplomatic correspondence, to- 
gether with cabinet changes, made the 
oration at Providence timely and oppor- 
tune. At any time, the record of this 
great alumnus of Brown would have 
provided material for an address fihed 
with brilliant points of interest; but just 
at this peculiar time, one of his success- 
ors in office caught the tide of scholarly 
interest at its flood. An ex-secretary of 
state, who stands in the foremost rank 
of students of international law, fitted 
the theme as the theme itself fitted place, 
time and occasion. For similar reasons, 
this is a favorable time for any reader 
to study the lives of William L. Marcy, 
the judge, and William Morgan, the vic- 
tim. 



A BRIDGE TO HEAVEN. 

Newspaper reports of sermons and ad- 
dresses are to be taken with judicious 
caution, but if the chaplain did say what 
is reported from his sermon in a New 
England pulpit when a lodge made its 
annual display of itself in church, we 
welcome the satisfying frankness of his 
betrayal of the secret notion of religion. 
"Ritual is the bridge by which man 
passes, the ladder on which he climbs 
from earth to heaven. This bridge was 
not to be broken till the journey is made. 
We must not pull down the ladder till 
the last brother has climbed to his eter- 
nal home." So runs the St. John's Day 
report. A bridge that is also a ladder 
must be a drawbridge ; the eternal home 
is plainly called heaven. The duplex 
means of transit is also plainly called the 
ritual. Up the ritual, therefore, the 
drinking, swearing, carousing brothers 
climb until each one presents himself at 
the top. A great scheme. A new plan 
of salvation, made in England early in 
the eighteenth century. The brothers 
saved by ritual are adult males of cer- 
tain specified qualifications, who have 
run the gauntlet of blackball success- 
fully, have diligently climbed the various 
rungs of ritual pledging them to conceal- 
ment of crimes, and among other virtues 
to confining their unlawful relations with 
womankind to families not represented 
by any brother whose cHmbing of the 
bridge ladder has elevated him to the 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



119 



sublime third degree. Such is the pat- 
ented bridge to heaven. 



THE CITY BEAUTIFUL. 

Among the speakers at the first an- 
nual banquet of the Holyoke, Mass., 
Chamber of Commerce, were Congress- 
man Treadway and President Mary E. 
Woolley of Mt. Holyoke college. She 
has a special claim on the warm interest 
of our readers and associates, not only 
because she is a sister of the associate 
pastor of the Moody church in Chicago 
whose name is held in esteem by this 
Association, but also because with sin- 
gular wisdom she guided the college 
through the rapids of fraternity discus- 
sion, from which it passed into the 
smooth current of deliverance and per- 
manent peace. 

It should be borne in mind that the 
banquet was held in the ''Paper City," 
where Holyoke dam and series of can- 
als provide one of the greatest, if not 
the very greatest, developments of wa- 
ter-power east of the Mississippi river. 
This gives emphasis to the ending of her 
address on ''The city beautiful"; for in 
closing, she urged that, "interested as the 
people of Holyoke are in the business 
prosperity of the city, they realize that 
there is something more vital to the 
civic life ; that societv can exist without 
great wealth, enlarg'ed industries, in- 
vention, discovery, but that it cannot 
long stand without integrity, honor, 
truth, purity, ideals." Here are chosen 
terms, significant, and arranged in series. 
One group names things by no means 
unimportant or decried, without which 
society can exist, since they are not vital. 
The other denotes things basic and 
fundamental, without which society can- 
not long stand. Each word of these 
two groups is worth pondering. May 
not the student body of Mt. Holyoke 
college be congratulated on its privilege 
of listening often to the voice that, on 
this side occasion, was heard in these 
fitly spoken words? 



Love is a many-sided sacrifice. It 
means thoughtfulness for others ; it 
means putting their good before self- 
gratification. Love is impulse, no doubt, 
but true love is impulse wisely directed. 
— H. R. Haweis. 



BOOK NOTICES. 
"Getting Things from God. A Study of the 
Prayer Life," by Charles A. Blanchard, 
D. I). 270 pages, fine cloth binding. 

Readers of the Cynosure will wel- 
come this new book by President P>lan- 
chard. Concerning this valuable work, 
Dr. Blanchard says, "I send out this 
book because it seems to me to be great- 
ly needed by multitudes of my fellow 
toilers. How many tens of thousands of 
men and women and children are weary 
and heavy laden ! How many are fiercely 
tired by temptations of body, soul and 
spirit ! How many suffer in the aliena- 
tion of those who have been friends ! 
How many find their work in home or 
church, or society failing to accomplish 
what they desire ! And how the heart 
of God yearns over these sick, tempted, 
neglected, weary discouraged souls ! 
How He longs to comfort, to enlighten, 
to strengthen, to deliver ! That He may 
graciously make these testimonies really 
helpful to my brothers is my earnest 
prayer." 

The volume is divided into four parts : 
I. What Is It to Pray? II. The Condi- 
tions of Successful Prayer. III. Why 
Does God Answer Prayer? IV. How 
Does God Answer Prayer? 

Price 75 cents. By mail 85 cents. Address, 
National Christian Association, 850 West 
Madison St., Chicago, Illinois. 

"Saloon Fight at Berne, Indiana," by Fred 
Rohrer. 147 pages, illustrated, cloth 
bound. 

Fights are always interesting, but this 
one is especially so because the saloon 
contest is nationwide. Berne is now 
freed from the saloon through the deter- 
mined efforts of Mr. Rohrer, who was 
not deterred from his duty by the dy- 
namiting of his house, personal assaults 
(on four different occasions) or the 
many obstacles thrown in his way. Mr. 
Rohrer has been a Cynosure subscriber 
for many years and a number of the 
participants in the Berne contest are 
known to Cynosure readers. This little 
book can not fail to inspire any who are 
engaged in fighting great evils. 

It may be obtained in English or German 
by sending 50 cents to The Berne Witness 
Company, Berne, Ind. 



Persistence is a snyonym for victory 
in all undertakings. 



120 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



Utm of §m Wotk 



STATE CONVENTIONS. 

Read the letter from President T. M. 
Slater about the recent state convention 
in Seattle, \\ ashington, and be glad. 

Secretary W. B. Stoddard is busily 
working for the Ohio State Convention 
to be held August 24th and 25th in 
Belle Center and meeting with usual en- 
couragements. 

We hope for conventions in Michigan, 
Indiana and Iowa within the next three 
months. 

Will you not do all that you can for 
these agents and conventions? Make 
each a subject of frequent prayer in 
your closest devotions. If you can help 
now on the expense, do so. If you will 
help later by Will or on the Annuity 
plan, write Secy. Wm. I. Phillips for in- 
formation or suggestions. 



THE WASHINGTON CONVENTION. 

Seattle, Wash., June 28th, 1915. 
Dear Brother Phillips : 

Just a line this morning to tell you 
that the second state convention held on 
June 22d and 23d was in many respects 
the best we ever had. Of course we had 
no such a tower of defense on our side 
as Dr. Blanchard always is, and we went 
into the work with some sense of weak- 
ness, remembering that we were all am- 
ateurs and none of our speakers could 
be said to be a star. But out of weak- 
ness we were made strong, and I was 
delighted with the talent discovered and 
the splendid work done by all. 

I will secure some of the addresses for 
the Cynosure and send them on as soon 
as possible. 

The best part of this thing was the 
enlistment of seceders. You may recall 
that when you were here a criticism W3S 
published in the Seattle press scoring 
the work of the convention. The man 
who then wrote those things was at the 
meeting and publicly announced that he 
had withdrawn from the system, after 
having gone as far in Masonry as he 
could in this country, and that he v/as 
using all of his power as a business man 
to get others out. His testimony was 
splendid. Three other Masons gave pub- 
lic testimony, and one other stood up as 



indicating his withdrawal. Another on 
the way home from the meetings told 
a friend of mine that he was done with 
it. Dr. Hayden who made a splendid ad- 
dress in the afternoon, said in introduc- 
ing his paper that thirty days ago he 
would never have believed that he would 
be here to say what he was now pre- 
pared to say, but that he had prepared 
the paper at my invitation, and would 
henceforth be known as a testifying min- 
ister in the Presbyterian church, even 
if his church took no stand on this ques- 
tion. 

The attendance was not unusual, 
though we had a good audience at each 
meeting, and I noticed some who when 
once there stayed till the convention was 
over. 

The sale of books was slow. You are 
very kind in the arrangement offered. 
We intend widening the scope of our 
work and in enlisting membership. 
Faithfully yours, 

(Rev.) T. M. Slater. 



MICHIGAN ITEMS. 

A few days spent in Michigan last 
month was fruitful in renewing old 
friendships and making new ones. It 
was also a time of seed sowing and 
reaping. 

I found Rev. E. J. Tanis, of Grand 
Rapids, busily preparing a sermon for 
the following Sabbath in which he was 
to exalt the name of Jesus Christ and 
show why the lodge rejects Him. He 
also is planning for the Michigan State 
Conference in October, of which the 
September Cynosure will doubtless have 
a full announcement. 

A Congregational pastor lamented that 
every adult male member of his church 
was a Mason and every female member, 
with one exception, was an Eastern Star, 
and that no prayer meeting could be 
held, and that none had been sustained 
for some years. I think if I were pastor 
I would take my members one by one 
and exhort him or her to renounce their 
lodge connections, and I would tell 
them that, if they did not do so, 
I would preach a final sermon and 
warn them publicly that they could 
not worship at the lodge altar 
and expect to be counted by the 
Lord as a member of His body unless 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



121 



they had obeyed Him. I can not see any 
use in preaching to a church that re- 
fuses to live and act as a Christian 
church ought. 

It was enthusing to see this portion of 
Michigan looking so prosperous. God 
has again given the people peaches and 
other fruit and grains in abundance. A 
more friendly and accommodating people 
can not be found. A little gid amused 
me as she sought to entertain me and 
make me feel at home by telHng me that 
she was an Episcopalian and asked : 
"What nationality are you ?" I answered, 
I am a Congregationalist. "Oh," she 
said, "I thought maybe you were a 
Catholic." 

It was good to be in the home of the 
late sainted Brother, Alexander Thom- 
son whose homegoing was so recent. He 
was a faithful friend and Christian min- 
ister and ceased not to "warn every man 
and teach every man in all wisdom" 
that he might present every man perfect 
in Christ. (Col. 1:28). When on his 
dying bed, he called in his neighbors 
day by day and urged upon them faith- 
fulness to Christ. "Brother," he would 
say to some, "you are not setting a good 
example. You must give up your lodge 
connection and get right with God if you 
expect your Hfe to count for Him and 
to have Him know you in that day." He 
had a real love for his neighbors as well 
as faith in the Word. 

Wm. I. Phillips. 



to us, if he shall take as his assistant 
our Mrs. Roberson while she is in his 
state. 



Rev. Mead A. Kelsey is to take active 
service as General Agent and Lecturer 
for the National Christian Association, 
beginning October ist, 1915. To many 
he is already favorably known. The very 
helpful Iowa State Convention of last 
year in Oskaloosa was due to him more 
than to any other one man. 



Mr. Charles V. Farnham of Nyack, 
N. Y., a student, is spending his sum- 
mer vacation as a colporteur for this As- 
sociation in northeastern Nebraska. 



Mrs. Lizzie Woods Roberson is now 
laboring in Texas and later it is hoped 
she can help in the work in Louisiana. 



Rev. F. J. Davidson could have help- 
ful conferences in several places it seems 



REPORT OF EASTERN SECRETARY. 

REV. W. B. STODDARD. 

Ohio State Convention. 

The State Convention for 191 5 is to 
be held in the United Presbyterian 
church, of Belle Center on August 24th 
and 25th. The usual number of able 
speakers are expected. Rev. W. W. Ken- 
nerly, of Alliance, Ohio, promises to give 
his experience in joining the Odd-Fel- 
lows. Those who heard him last year 
at Columbiana, will be delighted to hear 
him again. We hope to have Dr. C. A. 
Blanchard with us to give one of his 
inspiring addresses. Our state treasurer, 
Brother C. Z. Yoder, of Wooster, plans 
to be present and take par^. 

Belle Center, Logan county, is on the 
Big Four railroad between Bellefontaine 
and Kenton. Those coming to the con- 
vention from the east on the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad should change cars at For- 
est. Entertainment for the visitors will 
be provided. All who expect to attend 
should address me at Belle Center about 
ten days before the convention. 

A series of meetings is being arranged 
to take the time up to the convention. 
On August 5th I will speak in the Eman- 
uel Lutheran church, Salem, Ohio; on 
August 6th in the Church of the Breth- 
ren near Louisville, Ohio ; on August 
8th, in the forenoon, in the Wesleyan 
Methodist church and in the evening in 
the Evangelical Association Church, Na- 
varre St., Canton, Ohio. I will probably 
make appointments with Mennonites and 
other friends there. Meetings are ex- 
pected to be arranged in the Covenanter 
and other churches near Belle Center 
from August 15th until the convention 
date. Let us work as well as pray that 
this convention may benefit many in 
great need. Passing from town to town 
the evil that lodges are doing is very 
apparent. At Youngstown the Elks were 
advertising a "stag party" and the evils 
there could be seen without searching 
for them. 

During the past month I have worked 
in New Y^ork City, New Jersey and in 
New England. Two addresses were de- 



122 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



livered in the AI. E. church of Kmgs 
Park, Long" Island, New York. The 
brethren of the Free Gospel Mission 
church, Corona, Long Island, New Y^ork, 
gave assurances that they would wel- 
come a convention in their church next 
Fall. Their w^ork has been frequently 
blessed by many conversions. Several 
have given up their lodge connections. 
The pastor, Rev. Wm. K. Bouton is a 
member of the Cynosure family and our 
good brother, Charles Lagville is one of 
their chief workers. They expressed the 
hope that Dr. Blanchard would visit 
them on one of his eastern trips. 

I spent a few days visiting the schools 
and conference at Northfield, Massachu- 
setts, and received a cordial welcome at 
"The Wheaton." From this center many 
tracts are distributed and much antise- 
crecy seed is sown by Mrs. Anna E. 
Stoddard. Never did Northfield appear 
more beautiful to me than now as I 
viewed the Connecticut valley with its 
slow winding river and the mountain 
ranges in the distance. Over on "Little 
Round Top" the granite reminders mark 
the resting place of Dwight L. Moody 
and his beloved wife. All about were 
the abiding evidences of his work, and 
millions are yet to rejoice in the fruits 
from his planting. Here at Northfield I 
met Dr. James Parker, president of the 
New York and New Jersey State Asso- 
ciations. Dr. Parker is recovering from 
a threatened serious illness. 

Returning to Washington, I continued 
to Oakton, Virginia, where I found some 
Holland families who are with us on the 
lodge question. The Church of the 
Brethren at that place always welcome 
our work. 

Turning westward I made a few stops 
in Pennsylvania and entered Ohio at 
Youngstown where I enjoyed a meeting 
of the Joint Synod of Ohio Lutheran 
pastors. 

They invited me to join them in dis- 
cussing what should be "the attitude of 
pastors toward the saloon in view of the 
present situation." Many expressed a de- 
sire for lectures on the lodge during the 
Fall. The heavy rains in this section did 
me a good turn on Sabbath morning. Be- 
cause of the downpour the Sabbath 
school of the Church of the Brethren, 
near Poland, Ohio, was unable to dis- 



band and I addressed the children, warn- 
ing them of the blindfolds of the lodge 
and admonished them to keep their eyes 
open especially when joining new socie- 
ties. 

The Mennonite church of Leetonia, 
Ohio, was well filled to listen to my eve- 
ning address. Brother C. K. Brenne- 
man. Superintendent of the Mennonite 
Mission of Canton, Ohio, and I, together 
with some sisters who sang, visited one 
of the large shops and addressed the 
men during the noon day intermission. 
The men gave close attention and we 
trust good was done. 

Do not forget to pray for the Ohio 
Convention to be held at Belle Center, 
on August 24th and 25th. 



NEBRASKA REPORT. 

Passing from town to town in the 
northeastern part of this state, I have 
been particularly impressed by the al- 
most universal prevalence of the lodge 
and the extreme materialism of the peo- 
ple. 

In the town of Norfolk, a city of 
about 6,500 people, I was told, there are 
fifty lodges. Ministers fear to speak on 
the lodge question even in private be- 
cause of threatened disfavor with their 
congregations or withdrawal of mem- 
bers. In spite of their subserviency, the 
churches are continually losing members 
through the lodge menace. The minis- 
ters, in the majority of cases, are sub- 
servient to the lodge. The spirit of the 
lodge is fraternal, enterprising and mer- 
cenary but at the same time it is spirit- 
ually deadening. 

One pastor bitterly lamented the ut- 
ter lack of spiritual life in his prosper- 
ous town, but did not seem to realize 
that the fault and the cure lie largely 
with the minister. Most of the pastors 
I have met could bring the spiritual life 
of the town up to their standard if they 
would preach what men need to hear 
instead of descending to the level of their 
communities by preaching that only 
which men want them to preach. 

In some places the work has been en- 
couraging and others not so much so. 
Please pray that the word in season and 
out of season may bear fruit even 
though often spoken in unwilling ears. 
Yours in His name, 

Charles V. Farnham. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



123 



REPORT OF SOUTHERN AGENT. 

REV. F. J. DAVIDSON. 

The month of June has been a very 
busy one. I have attended two ministers' 
conferences, a district association and a 
minister's council, at each of which I 
was permitted to preach or lecture and 
secure a number of Cynosure readers. 

The Minister's Parish Conference, of 
Iberville parish, held an interesting ses- 
sion in the Mount Olive Baptist church 
at Plaquemine Point, La. The negroes 
of this community are an industrious and 
prosperous class and own very fertile 
lands along the great Mississippi river 
for a distance of two and one- half miles. 
They find a ready market for all they 
can produce by truck farming and fish- 
ing in the cities of Baton Rouge and 
Plaquemine. Many of them are well in- 
formed, and make excellent citizens. 
There are two churches in this com- 
munity and both are well patronized. 
Secret societies are not as strong here as 
in some less prosperous places, and yet 
there are a few ardent supporters of the 
lodge system here, who are joined to 
their idols. Revs. J. W. Walker and 
L. Williams are the faithful shepherds 
of these people. Neither of these pastors 
are worshippers at lodge altars. 

I next attended the session of the Sec- 
ond District Baptist Association, at 
Mount Bethel Baptist church, Sunshine, 
La., where I was given many considera- 
tions. I preached their annual mission- 
ary sermon and delivered a lecture on 
the lodge. I then attended the Minister's 
Council at Pilgrim Rest Baptist church, 
Bayou Jacobs, La., where I was given 
perfect freedom to speak on the lodge 
question. 

At Sunshine, La., I found some very 
thrifty and prosperous negroes owning 
beautiful little homes. The Bayou Paul 
and New River settlements, which I 
visited, are progressive and prosperous 
communities. Secret societies are very 
strong, however, in these places and re- 
ligious and educational work are not as 
far advanced as in the Plaquemine Point 
community. 

Soulouque, La., was my next destina- 
tion. Here I was welcomed by Rev. 
Charles H. Stewart into his home. I both 
lectured and preached to the people in 
this delightful community. Rev. Mr. 



Stewart is an earnest young minister 
He has been for years and is still a lodge 
member, but he acknowledged to me that 
secret societies are working havoc in the 
churches. 

At Point Pleasant, La., I preached two 
sermons to Rev. J. C. Green's people. 
I also witnessed the baptism of sixteen 
candidates in the Mississippi river by 
Rev. Mr. Green. School facilities in this 
community are very limited but secret 
societies are very strong and the lodge 
dignitaries seem to be living on the fat 
of the land. 

Some of the lodge people in my home 
town White Castle, La., have been very 
energetic of late in denouncing me. The 
Cynosure, however, is silently opening 
the eyes of many. I have been unani- 
mously elected pastor of the Progressive 
Baptist church. Some of the leaders of 
the secret empire have opposed it, but 
God be praised, the battle is His and He 
will give the victory to whom He pleases. 
I hope to arrange for an antisecrecy con- 
ference in my church here in September 
and trust I can secure the assistance of 
Mrs. Lizzie Woods Roberson. The main 
obstacle to be overcome is to raise funds 
for the expense of such a convention. I 
have received assurances from eighteen 
pastors that they will attend if their en- 
tertainment is provided for. The little 
church that has called me to be their pas- 
tor only have eighteen members, but they 
seem to love the truth of the gospel and 
desire light on the lodge and all other 
forms of wickedness. 

I had made arrangements with two 
ministers at Iberville, La., to deliver a 
series of lectures on the lodge question, 
but when I arrived there, I found that 
the pastors had gone away and had left 
word that there would be no services 
that week. It soon developed that the 
lodge element had given the two pastors 
to understand that if an antisecrecy lec- 
turer were permitted to use theti' 
churches, they would be made to suffer. 
So I came on to Morley, La., uninvited. 
Here I found three of my New Orleans 
parishioners whom T had instructed 
against the lodge when I was their pas- 
tor twenty-five years ago, and I also 
found several of my pupils of twenty- 
seven years ago. 

I was cordiallv received and enter- 



124 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



tained by George Robinson and family. 
Mr. Robinson was a former deacon in 
the St. Alatthew church, New Orleans, 
when I was pastor there. I was invited 
by Rev. J. R. Johnson to address his 
school. He has 63 students ranging in 
ao'e from hve to seventeen vears. Mr. 
Johnson is doing a great work among his 
people. Rev. Mr. Hawkins, the colored 
pastor here, is an ardent Odd-Fellow 
and is greatly absorbed in lodge affairs. 
However, he readily gave his Sunday 
services into my charge. He is a reader 
of the Cynosure and I am of the opin- 
ion that he is gradually seeing the folly 
of lodge affiliation. Everybody here 
seems to be connected with two or more 
lodges. Here is situated one of the most 
orderly and quiet saw mill districts in 
southern Louisiana. The mill is almost 
wholly operated by negro labor. Rev. 
Mr. Hawkins seems to be doing a good 
work for his people but if he were free 
from the lodge entanglements he could 
do much more to elevate them. Last Sun- 
day the Knights of Honor gave an ex- 
cursion and picnic. They may be Knights 
of Honor, but they have not learned to 
honor the Sabbath day. Such doings 
are the usual expressions of lodge con- 
tempt of the Sabbath. 



He came every night and we petitioned 
God to make him willing to come out of 
darkness. At last he gave up and stand- 
ing in the meeting, renounced each of 
his lodges, saying, 'T am going with 
Jesus all the way." He was a happy 
man. His wife was a professing Chris- 
tian but was in the same lodges with her 
unconverted husband, and when he gave 
his heart to the Lord and gave up all his 
sins, she also gave up her lodge and 
they were happy together. 

Elder Crockett cried out against all 
sins including lodge membership and 
eighteen were led to give them up and 
were blessed in the Lord. I taught the 
Bible lessons in the day services and 
both men and women came out into the 
light and dedicated their lives to Jesus. 
Dear reader, please pray that God may 
use me to His glory. 

Yours in Christ, 

Lizzie Roberson. 



"LIZZIE WOODS' LETTER." 

Dallas, Texas, July 7th, 1915. 
Dear Cynosure: 

I am here to pitch the battle for Christ 
and the truth in this, the biggest state in 
the Union and there is a great work to 
do here. I will be in Texas until the 
15th of September if the Lord wills. 

At a meeting a few days ago, with 
Elder G. B. Crockett, a preacher of 
righteousness and especially against the 
sin of secret societies, a sinner came to 
the altar and broke down in tears. When 
he got up he said, "I am saved" and 
began to praise God for His pardoning 
power. He threw away his tobacco and 
clapped his hands in his new found joy, 
but soon he came back and said, "Bretn- 
ren, I am not wholly satisfied yet. There 
is one thing I have not given up and 
that is my lodge. Pray for me that I 
may be willing to give up everything." 
Elder Crockett said to him, "The lodge 
is your idol. You can not serve two mas- 
ters. You must choose between them." 



SECY. STODDARD AT HERSHEY, PA. 

At 8 p. m., a very large assembly was 
addressed in the convention hall by Rev. 
W. B. Stoddard on the question of "Se- 
crecy." Our people have always been 
opposed to secret, oath-bound societies, 
and addresses of this sort prove help- 
ful to them. Somehow, Mr. Stoddard 
loves the society of the Brethren, and 
seems to enjoy our conference about as 
thoroughly as do our own people. It is 
a pleasure to have him with us, from 
time to time, on the conference grounds. 
— The Gospel Messenger. 



Mr. A. J. Loudenback of Glidden, 
Iowa, now in his 84th year, puts some of 
us younger ones to shame by his active 
efforts to do what he can to warn the 
people against the lodge anti-Christ and 
to teach them that Jesus the Christ is 
"the way, the truth, and the life." Some 
resent his passing out of tracts, but 
others commend him. They are trying 
hard to revive the lodge in his town. 
There are members that do not attend 
and doubtless his work has had its in- 
fluence upon their minds. Recently he 
has been to Panora, Yale, Perry, Grand 
Junction, Scranton and Cairo, la., giv- 
ing out tracts and instructing those who 
wish to know, in the Master Mason's 
grip. All honor to such heroes. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



125 



AN ADHERING MASON'S TESTI- 
MONY. 

The following testimony is from a 
private letter from a pastor of many 
years' experience, a graduate of Har- 
vard University, and at the present time 
(April, 191 5) a teacher of languages in 
a Bible school. Names of persons and 
places are omitted. 

''As to Masonry : I probably agree 
substantially with President Blanchard, 
and you in opposition to it. You know 

I joined at from solicitations 

of some really good brethren in my 
church, who also said it would cost me 
nothing. My sole purpose was to in- 
crease my Christian influence. If ever 
in my life I had laid myself on God's 
altar for service it was at this time. I 
never was more consecrated. But I was 
deceived in respect to its increasing my 
Christian influence. My first eye-opener 
was in a certain rite in the 3rd degree, 
when I was knocked down flat, to sig- 
nify, I suppose, by complete submission 
to Masonry. I afterwards learned that 
the knocking down was done by a lead- 
ing distiller of , and I was a 

positive temperance man ! Then it soon 
appeared I was intended as Chaplain of 
the lodge. And I thought, what if this 
distiller died and I, as Chaplain, had to 
say the ritual over his carcass and call 
him 'our brother.' I said, 'No ! Never.' 
So, finding I could take an honorable 
'demit' from the lodge, I asked it and 
received it and, though I have never been 
in a lodge since, yet I could do so for, 
really, I am still a Mason — never having 
been dropped or expelled. But I never 
shall again enter. I learned, of course, 
what Masonry is. There are many false 
views of it. The ritual is entirely Bibli- 
cal and absolutely pure in its morality, 
i. e., while it does not positively teach 
temperance, and oppose social vices, yet 
all its ritual supposes all the Bible 
teaches in personal and brotherhood vir- 
tue. 

"The great and true criticism is : 
Masonry is a great social organization 
living for itself alone. A true Mason 
puts it above every other organization. 
It does not oppose the church, nor as- 
sume to take its place at all. Yet some 
— not many — are so satisfied with it that 
it practically does sometimes take its 



place. Deacon 



of 



used 



to say it was his church, but he was an 
exception. Of course, it is a question 
whether its secret bonds should be so 
strong. But Odd-Fellowship also has 
secret bonds, and so do some other very 
good organizations, but it costs money 
that only the well-to-do can afford to 
spend. And it takes time that could be 
given to positively good work, and I 
have never known but one man who put 
his church really first, and that was my 

good Deacon of always 

at his church first, save in the annual, 
once a year, meeting for election of lodge 
officers. 

'Tt is a great social organization that, 
no doubt, has come to stay, at least until 
the millennium. 

"It does little if any good to publicly 
fight it. And a minister who does so 
generally runs the risk of being pointed 
to an open door. The open door would 
not scare or deter me, if it would re- 
sult in effective hindrance of the power 
and progress of Masonry. My course 
generally has been to try by exalting the 
church and Christ to undermine or hin- 
der its influence. This is public. But 
privately, I have often, and as oppor- 
tunity offered, told my experience and 
given my judgment and always against 
it. Masonry is a tremendous octopus, 
stretching out its clawy legs everywhere 
and we must deal with it in wisdom as 
well as in boldness. If the church and 
ministry as a substantial whole would 
stand out against it. Masonry would lose 
its proud place, but there is the diffi- 
culty." 



ESCAPED FROM BONDAGE. 

Pawnee, Okla., April 28, 191 5. 
I was brought up in the M. E. Church 
and my class leader was a Mason and 
Odd-Fellow. At that time I thought he 
was a good man, even though he chewed 
and smoked. I asked him to explain to 
me what he was at liberty to tell about 
Masonry and he, supposing I was think- 
ing of joining, gave me a very glowing 
description of it, and presented, as he 
supposed, some very strong arguments in 
its favor. Said he, "Masonry is such a 
good thing, that if I had to leave either 
the church or lodge I would leave the 
church. A person cannot fully under- 



126 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



stand the Bible until he becomes a 
^lason." These and many more equally 
strong assertions were made and I was 
so astonished that I determined to make 
a more thorough investigation of these 
institutions, I have devoted very much 
time to research work since then and 
have found that reading the Cynosure 
has been a great factor in assisting me 
to realize what the organizations are and 
what they stand for, and I prize the 
Cynosure very highly. 

I came to Kansas in '^2 and settled on 
government land. The law said that we 
could prove up on our claims by living 
on them a certain time and paying $200. 
Times became so hard that many could 
not meet these requirements and make 
the $200 above their living, and while 
they were away at work some unscrupu- 
lous fellow would jump their claim. 
Thus most of the best claims were con- 
tested. To protect ourselves against 
such things the settlers organized a pro- 
tection society on the secret order plan, 
the head man being a Mason. Of course 
he constructed the oath on the Masonic 
style, with a death penalty. 

This order proved to be nothing but 
a mob, as I soon discovered to my sor- 
row. I had been a Son of Temperance, 
a Good Templar and a Granger. I soon 
came to see the folly of them all and 
God saved me from them and I now de- 
nounce them all in both public and pri- 
vate as opportunity offers. 

I have read three Masonic exposures 
and have induced many to read "Finney 
on Masonry." A seceding Mason, who 
was a local preacher in the Methodist 
Episcopal church, read it, called the 
neighbors together and aroused quite an 
interest in the study of it. He took the 
view that everybody ought to know what 
sort of an institution A/Iasonry is. I am 
sorry to say that many of the preachers 
of today are Masons and invariably they 
are as destitute of piety as if there were 
no such a thing in existence. I thank the 
Lord that I have been the humble instru- 
ment in inducing many to leave the lodge 
and in keeping others from joining. 

Recently I met a friend on the street 
and entered into conversation on the 
topics of the day, and finally remarked 
that Masonry had been one cause of the 
protraction of the Civil War ; that Sher- 



man, on his march to the sea, had been 
ordered to destroy everything as he 
went, but the commanding officer of the 
day riding in advance could see a 
Masonic planter with both hands raised 
high and let down by three distinct mo- 
tions, whereupon a soldier was at once 
sent to guard the property. An old 
Mason present spoke up, saying, "Where 
did you learn that?'' I said, "If you 
should chance to be in the dark, the sen- 
tence, 'Oh, Lord, my God, is there no 
help for the widow's son?' is used." At 
this juncture the marshal, who is a 
Mason, having been informed of our 
conversation, approached us, and ordered 
us to cease talking as we were obstruct- 
ing the sidewalk. I asked the boys not 
to obstruct the sidewalk and went on 
with my talk in a very pleasant way. 
The marshal soon came back in a rage 
and repeated his order, and we went 
away. 

I thought I would put an article in the 
local paper explaining how I had been 
treated, as I felt that it was an abridge- 
ment of the right of free speech, but the 
editor, who was a Mason, would not 
publish my article, so I could get no re- 
lief in that way. 

Yours for the war, 

S. J. Peter. 



MASONICALLY MUZZLED. 

Several weeks ago there appeared in 
the Word and Way, a Baptist newspa- 
per, published at Kansas City, Mo., an 
editorial entitled "Knights of Columbus 
in Evidence," in which reference was 
made to "The Menace" and its seeming 
fearless exposure of Romanism, and 
stated that "There was nothing which 
the Catholic church so feared as pub- 
licity," and that "Nothing would be so 
damaging to the Roman hierarchy as to 
have all the truth told about it." 

I wrote the editors a short letter for 
publication, but for reasons of sufficient 
importance to themselves at least, my 
letter never appeared. I wrote again, 
asking why my first letter was refused 
publication, but received no reply. It is 
just about as hard to drag a dyed-in-the- 
wool Mason away from the altar of his 
"little lodge god" as it is to coax a 
hungry baby away from its mother's 
breast. 



August, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



127 



In my first letter to the Word and 
Way I asked the following questions 
which I suppose rendered it unfit, in the 
estimation of a Mason, for publication: 
"If publicity would kill Catholicism, 
what effect would publicity have on Ma- 
sonry? If secrecy is the covering which 
hides sin and treachery in Romanism, 
what does secrecy hide in Masonry? Is 
not any institution which 'lives and 
works in the dark' a menace to a free 
government ? Which of these institu- 
tions do you think fears most to have all 
the truth told about it?" 

To me it is pitiable in the extreme to 
see otherwise great and good men be- 
come slaves to the worship of Satan as 
seen in the Masonic lodge. It is sadder 
still to see ministers of the gospel pros- 
titute their sacred calling to the building 
up of a diabolical form of religion, such 
as is found in Masonry. But it all goes 
to prove the power of a bloody and blas- 
phemous oath over the conscience of 
men. 

I have seen it demonstrated over and 
over that Masonic preachers when 
brought to bay, and faced with the truth, 
will play the traitor to Christ and His 
Church and boldly champion the cause 
of the enemies of God. What are such 
men but wolves in sheep's clothing? 

(Rev.) Geo. A. Creekmore. 

Winfield, Kansas. 



A series of addresses on the relation 
of the church and lodge, given by Rev. 
Robert Park at Parnassus, Pa., was 
especially helpful in enlightening and 
strengthening his own congregation and 
has also undoubtedly awakened much 
thought on the subject in the community. 
There are always many people in other 
churches that are helped by such meet- 
ings and whose sympathies are very 
strongly with the position taken by Mr. 
Park. The largest number that were 
out, attended on the night when the sub- 
ject was "Masonry a Religion but not 
The Christian Religion." A number of 
Masons were present, who seemed satis- 
fied with that conclusion, at least they 
did not try to deny it. It is hoped that 
the work will be carried forward in the 
community until it is thoroughly en- 
lightened as to the great evil of organ- 
ized secrecv. 



FROM CALIFORNIA. 

Oakland, Calif., May, 19 15. 

A young man scarcely 21 years of age 
stated to me that he had just put in an 
application to join the I. O. O. F. so that 
he would have some place to go to eve- 
nings. His friends in the lodge had told 
him a fascinating tale of how well the 
brothers always look out for the general 
welfare of each others families and up- 
hold the laws of our country, and were 
truly religious in sentiment. 

I asked the young man if he believed 
the teachings of Jesus Christ, and the 
Holy Bible were not the best moral in- 
structive teachings there were for the 
guidance of the human family. He ad- 
mitted they were, but stated that the I. 
O. O. F. was founded upon the Bible. 
I asked him if he wanted to remain a 
law abiding citizen, of the United States 
government. He said, Yes. I asked him 
if he thought that it would be at all 
right to help conceal another's crime, and 
if he could remain a law abiding citizen 
and do so. Then I showed him the I. O. 
O. F. degree of Friendship and pointed 
out to him where the candidate pledged 
his sacred word of honor to help his 
persecuted and aftlicted lodge brother in 
his every imprudent act, whether from 
his own fault, or the evil designs of 
others also pointed out the other snares 
of the pledge — its non-Christian char- 
acter, its condonance of the crimes of 
renegades. He said to me, "The oath is 
entirely opposite to what they wxre tell- 
ing me." I gave him your price list and 
showed him that he could get your ritual, 
then copy one of the oaths if he cared 
to do it that way, and show it to any 
Odd-P'ellow and ask if the oath was not 
correct. Also he could learn the signs 
from the ritual and go upon the street 
and exchange signs with some Odd-Fel- 
low as a test of the correctness of the 
work. He promised me he would do so. 

Some two months ago when I was 
canvassing Berkeley, I met a young man 
by the name of Norton, who was serious- 
ly contemplating joining the I. O. O. F. 
lodge, but he seemed to give but little 
credence to my statements of warning 
to beware of the lodge. He seemed to 
think my statements were overdrawn : 
that I was too severe upon the lodge. I 
left some tracts with him and also the 



128 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



August, 1915. 



oath of the degree of Friendship, ask- 
ing him to introduce it to some of his 
Odd-Fellow friends to verify or refute. 
I have been stirring the muddy waters 
of lodgism in Berkeley considerably, the 
last few times I have been there. 

Some time ago I met a strange char- 
acter, a colored man, in Oakland. Fie 
was a very devout third degree Mason. 
He was so hypnotized by the delusions 
of the lodge that his arguments were 
pitiable to hear. He said he really 
thought that Jesus Christ was a Freema- 
son, and God himself was a Mason. I 
asked him if he thought that Jesus Christ 
was ever expelled from the lodge and 
he said that he thought not. I said. Then 
if He was a good Freemason, as well as 
the best man morallv that ever trod the 
globe, what right had the Masonic lodge 
to exclude His name from their ritual ? 
I also asked him if he did not think that 
God was a just God and would not be a 
partner in any man's crimes and lawless- 
ness, and did He not create the whole 
human family, and pronounce them 
good, and drew no color lines? He said 
that was surely right, and that he had 
never looked at the question in that way. 
I gave him some tracts and a list of your 
books and left him to his lodge puzzle. 
Yours in the Lord, 

Charles G. Britton. 



"The lodge," says Mr. B. M. Holt, 
a seceder, *'has for nearly two hundred 
years excited the curiosity of men. The 
heart of man continually thirsts after 
knowledge, and the lodge has taken ad- 
vantage of this God-given means of ac- 
quiring knowledge by ofifering the un- 
folding of secrets, so called, as an in- 
ducement for joining. Lodge proselyters, 
are very careful to leave the impression 
upon the people that there really are 
some great, important, and mysterious 
secrets to be communicated to them 
through the lodge. This claim, however, 
we find to be a perpetual falsehood, and 
all who try to find these secrets will be, 
as I was, forever disappointed. 

''The magnificent temples, the elab- 
orate and costly furnished lodge rooms, 
the handsome regalia and beautiful para- 
phernalia that glitter when the lodge is 
in procession, are great drawing-cards. 
I well remember how I longed for the 



time when / could be arrayed in one of 
those shining uniforms and to have a 
right to enter those gorgeous lodge halls. 
Lodge property, and the 15,000,000 or 
more lodge members are really a tre- 
mendous power for gathering up new 
members. 

"The highly decorated lithographed 
certificates of membership, signed by the 
lodge officers and sealed in gold with the 
lodge seal, play a noteworthy part in 
making people inquisitive for they are so 
designed as to represent every imagin- 
able thing pertaining to heaven and to 
suggest a joyful hereafter. When placed 
in a beautiful frame and hung in a con- 
spicuous place in a home, such a certifi- 
cate does much to make the gazer feel 
suddenly stricken with that T want to 
join' feeling." 



There are so many noble and worthy 
causes making appeals this year, but, 
though I have time to read very little 
of your worthy Cynosure, as a Mis- 
souri Lutheran I feel I must continue to 
aid you to the extent of $1.00 in your 
good work. 

(Rev.) Martin Walker. 

Buffalo, N. Y. 



KNIGHTS AND LADIES OF SECUR- 
ITY. 

Knights and Ladies of Security is a 
mutual assessment, death and disability 
beneficiary secret society, to which both 
men and women are eligible. Among the 
organizers were members of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen and both of the Wood- 
men orders. Its headquarters are at To- 
peka, Kansas, and it was instituted in 
1892. Admission is restricted to white 
persons of satisfactory moral and 
physical qualifications. Insurance poli- 
cies run from $500.00 to $3,000.00. Its 
total membership is said to be about 25,- 
000. 

"Councils of Knights and Ladies of 
Security are practically private social 
clubs rather than mystic temples, but the 
ritual and ceremonial are instructive and 
attractive, being well calculated to im- 
press upon the mind of the novitiate the 
importance of wisdom, security, protec- 
tion and fraternity." — Stevens' Cyclo- 
pedia of Fraternities. 



Was Washington 
a Mason? 

By PRES. CHARLES A. BLANGHARD 

10c per copy, postpaid 



This is the best, as well as the most interesting:, contribution yet 
written on the question of Washing"ton's relation to Freemasonry. 

ADDRESS 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 
850 W- MADISON ST. CMIGAGO, iLL. 



MODERN PROPHETS of BAAL 

OR v,..,!., 

WATCHMEN on ZION'S WALLS 

By President C* A. Blanchard. 

This is_ a tract especially intended for ministers. The term Baalism in referring to 
Masonry is used figuratively. *'If we say Lord to any one who is not God, then we 
are worshipers of Baal and if we, who are religious teachers, call any one Lord 
except the true God, then we are prophets of Baal.'* This tract, in addition to setting 
forth the real relation of Masonic ministers to a heathen system, also gives the reasons 
why Christian preachers become prophets of Baal. 

In the appendix there is a chapter on Masonic Theology, taken from Mackey's "Masonic 
Ritualist", the author being the well known Past General Grand High Priest of the General 
Grand Chapter of the United States.' There is also A Word to Bible Students, by Dean 
J. M. Gray, D. D., of the Moody Bible Institute, and there is a page of Bible quotations 
which are irnportant in this connection. 'i 

Thirty-two pages; Single copies three cents, per hundred. $2.00 postpaid. 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, 

850 West Madison Street, Chicago Ills. 



CHRISTIAN WORKERS' TRACTS 



PERSONAL WORK: HOW TO SAVE CHR». 

TIANS FROM LODGES. 

By Charles A, Blanchard, D. D., President 
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CHURCH AND LODGE. 

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By Pres. C. A. Blanchard. From a patrlotie 
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FOR WOMEN WHO THINK 

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OUGHT CHBISTIANS TO HOLD MEMBER- 
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THE WORSHIP OF SECRET SOCIETIES 
OFFERED TO SATAN. 

Address by President Blanchard at the An- 
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The Mother of Secret Societies not Jesuitism, 
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THE EVANGELIST 

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MODERN PROPHETS OF BAAL 

Or, Watchmen on Zion's Wails. ^ By President 
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we are worshippers of Baal, and if we, who are 
leligious teachers, call any one Lord except the 
true God, then we are prophets of Baal." It 
shows the real relation of Masonic ministers to 
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Christian preachers become prophets of Baal. 

In the appendix is a chapter on Masonic The- 
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ODD FELLOWSHIP A RELIGIOUS IN- 
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NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N. 
850 W. Madfson St.. CHICAGO, ILL. 




CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER, 1915 




1 Sweet Gyhosure! 

FAR Fixed 

Iri Spotless Fields/ 

High In The Resiohs 

Polar Hioht. 

Thou 5erv'5t 
A WAYMARK 



It is impossible to fake too bigb a mw of 
life; tbc very bidbest we take is still too low. 
One feels tbat more and more as life draws to 
its close and many tbings tbat seemed important 
once are seen to be of no consequence wbile 
only a few tbings regain wbicb will tell foret^er. 

—max niuller. 



1)e does not need to transplant us into a 
different field; but rigbt wbere we are witb 
just tbe circumstances tbat surround us, be 
makes bis sun to sbine and bis dew to fall upon 
us and transforms tbe t^ery tbings tbat were 
before our greatest bindrances into tbe cbiefest 
and most blessed means of our growtb. 

—1). m. Smitb. 



Cord God gracious and merciful gioe ns, 
T entreat tbee, a bumble trust in tby mercy, 
and suffer not cur beart to fail us. tbougb 
our sins be seven, tbougb our sins be seventy 
times seven, tbougb our sins be more in number 
tban tbe bairs of our bead, yet give us grace in 
loving penitence to cast ourselves down into tbe 
deptb of tby compassion.— Kosetti. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

Published Monthly by the National Christian 
Association. 



JAMES EDWIN PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor. 
850 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

.^ TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 

PRICE — Per year, in advance, $1.00; three 
months, on trial, twenty-five cents; single 
copies, ten cents. 

PRESENTATION COPIES— Many persons sub- 
scribe for the Christian Cynosure to be sent 
to FRIENDS. In such cases, if we are advised 
that a subscription is a present and not regu- 
larly authorized by the recipient, we will 
make a memorandum to discontinue at ex- 
piration, and to send no bill for the ensuing 
year. 
Entered as Second-class matter May 19, 1897, 

at the Post Office at Chicago, 111., under Act of 

March 8, 1S79. 

CONTENTS 



A Man Must Live, poem 129 

Getting Away from True Worship, by 
Rev. J. W. Burton 129 

Lodge Sued for Degree Fees, by Rev. 

Mead A. Kelsey 132 

"All Founded on the Bible," by Rev. C. A.' 

Blanchard 133 

Boy Scout Demoralization — The United 

Presbyterian 136 

Freemasonry Not Consistent with Chris- 
tianity, by Rev. W. P. McNary 137 

Sunday Excursion, W. O. W 139 

School Quiz Uproar — Chicago Daily News 140 
High School Secret Societies and Dances, 
Bishop W. F. Mallalein in the Chris- 
tian Endeavor World 140 

Labor Unions and the Free Methodist 

Church — The -Free Methodist ....... . 142 

Union Men to Pay Damages — The Dan- 
bury Hitters Case. 143 

Menaced by Labor Agitators — The L W. 

W. in Mexico 143 

The Coming Conflict (concluded), by Ed- 
win Brown Graham , . . . 146 

Chips, by Rev. B. E. Bergeson.. ,. 156 

Editorial: 

"The Craft's the Trick" 151 

Leo M. Frank a Secret Society Victim. . 152 

University Girls' Expenses. .. j .....;.. . 152 

Effective Discussion 153 

Shriners in Seattle 153 

Dangerous. No Passing 154 

Test Case Concluded 155 

"Et Tu Brute?" 156 

News of Our Work: 

Iowa Convention 157 

Indiana Convention 157 

Report of Eastern Secretary, Rev. W. B. 

Stoddard 157 

Report of Southern Agent, Rev. F. J. 

Davidson 158 

"Lizzie Woods' Letter" 159 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA- 

TION. 

General Officers. 

President Rev. D. S. Warner; vice- 
president, Rev. J. H. B. Williams; re- 
cording secretary, Mrs. N. E. Kellogg; 
secretary-treasurer, Wm. I. Phillips. 

Board of Directors. 

George W. Bond, C. A. Blanchard, G. 
J. Haan, Albert B. Rutt, H. A. Fischer, 
Jr., J. M. Moore, Thomas C. McKnight, 
D. S. Warner, J. H. B. Williams, P. A. 
Kittelsby and M. P. F. Doermann. 



LECTURERS. 

Those desiring lectures or addresses 
jnay write to any of the speakers named 
belov^: 

Rev. W. B, Stoddard, 31 18 Fourteenth 
St., N. W., Washington, D. G. 

Rev. F. J. Davidson, P. O. Box 223, 
White Castle, La. 

Rev. G. G. Fait, Ellendale, N. D. 

Rev. Philemon Beck, Grafton, Calif. 

Established 

Mail -Order Business 

For Sale 

The business of Ezra A. Cook, pub- 
lishing books and rituals relating to 
Secret Societies. Established nearly 
50 years. 

The Executors of the Estate of Mrs. 
E. B, Gook offer this business for sale 
in accordance with their duties, to close 
out the Estate. 

The business is thoroughly estab- 
lished, steady income. A very profit- 
able return on the investment. 

Full information may be obtained by 
addressing Executors Estate of Mrs. 
E. B. Cook, Room 310, 9 S. Clinton St., 
Chicago, Illinois. 





"leRns answered him, — I spake openly te <^e wwrKl; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XLVITI 



CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER, 1915. 



Xuinbcr 5 



A MAN MUST LIVE. 

Whosoever will lose his life for my sake 

shall find it. — Matt. xvi. 25. 
''A man must live !" We justify 
Low shift and trick, to treason high; 
A little vote for a little gold, 
Or a whole senate bought and sold, 
With this self-evident reply — 
"A man must live !'' 

But is it so? Pray tell me why 
Life at such cost you have to buy? 
In what religion were you told 
A man must live? 

There are times when a man must die ! 
There are times when a man will die! 
Imagine for a battle-cry 
From soldiers with a sword to hold, 
From soldiers with a flag unfurled, 
This coward's whine, this liar's lie, 
"A man must live !" 

The Saviour did not "live"! 

He died ! 

But in His death was life — 

Life for Himself and all mankind! 

He found His life by losing it ! 

And we, being crucified 

Afresh with Him, may find . 

Life in the cup of death, . 

And, drinking it, 

Win life for evermore. 

— L^nknown. 



Thou must be true thyself. 

If thou the truth wouldst teach ; 

Thy soul must overflow, if thou 
Another's soul wouldst reach ; 

It needs the overflow of heart 
To give the lips full speech. 

Think truly, and thy thoughts 
Shall the world's famine feed ; 

Speak truly, and each word of thine 
Shall be a fruitful seed ; 

Live truly, and thy life shall be 
A great and noble creed. 



GETTING AWAY FROM TRUE 
WORSHIP. 

BY REV. J. W. BURTON. 

[This address was delivered Ijefore the re- 
cent Pennsylvania State Convention. Rev. 2\Ir. 
Burton is President of the Pennsylvania 
Christian Association.] 

This subject is a vital one. Since men 
are morally responsible for their acts 
and must needs appear before God in 
judgment, it is of the highest impor- 
tance while here that they learn to prop- 
erly approach Him. 

From the l^eginning of man's proba- 
tion, the tendency has been to fret un- 
der restraint and to rebel at the form 
and manner of our worship as marked 
out by the Almighty, but rather to wor- 
ship God in the way of selfish choice. 

First, let us determine what is true 
worship. "The worship of God is an 
act of religion which consists in paying 
due respect, veneration and homage to 
the deity, from a sense of gratitude for 
benefits received and under a certain 
expectation of reward." Only as we 
qualify in these things are we true wor- 
shippers. 

The fact is well established that all 
men worship some person or object. It 
is an inherent principle that needs no 
demonstration. While the soul cries out 
for satisfaction in worship, men often 
disobey their better judgment, violate 
their conscience and seek to evade re- 
sponsibility by substituting a form for 
the spirit of worship, or they choose a 
method of approach which suits their 
fancy, regardless of Divine instruction. 

The Bible, the "light to our feet," 
tells how to worship and who is worthy 
of it. Men may ignorantly worshi]:) the 
unknown God as did the Athenians. ])ut 
when He is revealed. He becomes the 
knozi'n God and rightlv dictates the man- 
ner of approach to Himself. 



130 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



Jehovah reveals himself as a jealous 
God. who declares, "Thou shalt have no 
other gods before me." He is not one 
God among numerous gods ; He is the 
Lord God Jehovah, and as a condition 
that our approach may be acceptable He 
requires that we pledge loyalty to Him 
alone. 

Christ teaches that access to the Father 
can only be had through the Son. "J^sus 
saith unto him, I am the way, the 
truth, and the life : no man cometh unto 
the Father, but by me." (John 14:6.) 
He also taught that mere ritualistic wor- 
ship was not sufficient. He said to the 
woman at the well, ''God is a Spirit ; 
and they that worship him must worship 
Him in spirit and in truth." (John 4:24.) 
Silent admiration, the heart beat of joy 
in recognition of His goodness and great- 
ness, conscious soul communion with 
God — these are of prime importance in 
performing our worship of our Creator 
and Saviour. 

To Obey Is Better Than Sacrifice. 

INIen are by nature selfish and ease 
loving. Self-denial is not the most com- 
mon grace. Self-will was easily as- 
serted in the history of the race, as the 
first record of public worship shows. 
Abel met the conditions imposed upon 
him by God as a worshipper. He showed 
this abhorrence of sin in his own life 
by the kind of sacrifice he brought. He 
showed his faith in the coming Messiah 
by offering a bloody sacrifice, typical of 
the crucified Son of God. Cain con- 
sulted his convenience and carefully but 
presumptuously offered a sacrifice which 
was contrary to explicit instructions and 
in this act of rebellion laid the founda- 
tion for the murder which followed. 
Abel confessed his sin and recognized 
the mediatorship of Jesus Christ. Cain 
sought to hide his sins by a bloodless 
gift to God, thereby seeking to bribe 
the Almighty just as Saul did later when 
he returned from battle with an unfin- 
ished task and brought the droves of 
cattle, which God had condemned, to 
offer before Jehovah. Saul's rebellion 
called forth the stinging rebuke from 
Samuel. "And Samuel said. Hath the 
Lord as great delight in burnt offerings 
and sacrifices as in obeying the voice of 
the Lord ? Behold, to obey is better 



than sacrifice, and to barken than the 
fat of rams." (i Sam. 15:22.) ',,.t, 

Cain would have made a good Mason 
or Odd-Fellow for he recognized the 
deity of the Father, but did not acknowl- 
edge the mediatorship of Christ and his 
own need of a Saviour. Cain believed 
in the Fatherhood of God, even as mod- 
ern lodge men do, and from the flippant 
tongues of modern Cains you hear the 
frequent and unscriptural expression, 
"The fatherhood of God and the broth- 
erhood of Man." Those who reject 
Christ and his mediatorship have another 
father of whom as Christ said, "Ye are 
of your father the Devil, and the lusts 
of your father ye will do." (John 8:44.) 

God's Way Mimicked. 

The sad story of the human race re- 
veals the persistency with which men 
seek their own instead of God's way. 
Even God's chosen people fell into sin 
repeatedly, and the fight of God's proph- 
ets has ever been against witchcraft, 
idolatry and profane worship. 

Moses could stay in the mountain but 
a few days until the crowd was calling 
for a more exciting kind of worship, 
and Aaron, at their demand, made a vis- 
ible object of worship in the form of a 
calf. That company was not unlike the 
masses of to-day. The idea of attend- 
ance at the house of God is not looked 
to as a means of grace, but too often is 
associated with the thought of enter- 
tainment. The Devil has the vaudeville 
now and any attempt to imitate him will 
prove disastrous to the church. Men 
are social beings, to be true, but they 
are more — they are immortal beings 
whose souls are bound for eternity. The 
Devil has made his church — the lodge — 
attractive socially and religiously, and as 
much like the church as he dare and still 
retain its identity. He introduces chap- 
lains and deacons, and altars and the 
Bible, and by using cold hearted deacons 
and unwary and often backslidden 
preachers as decoys he is able to trap 
many of our young people. 

Of course, the people who worshipped 
the calf said it was only a symbol. So 
says the Mason when he uses the Bible. 
According to "Webb's Monitor," the 
Bible "is a symbol of divine truth," 
whicli he says is equally true of the 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



131 



Hindoo's sacred book or the Book of 
Mormon. I protest with all the energy 
of outraged Christian manhood against 
the use of the Bible as a symbol of 
divine truth. It is the revelation of 
God's truth and is not a "symbol of 
truth." In the service of the temple and 
tabernacle the vessels were holy and 
were not allowed to be profaned by 
worldly use or unholy associations. The 
Bible, the Word of God, is far more holy 
than the service of the temple and should 
not be placed upon the altar of a lodge 
room on a basis of equality with so- 
called sacred books of false religions. 
It is sacrilege to associate it with pro- 
fane oaths, skeletons and coffins. 

The house of God is a holy place set 
apart in which to worship Jehovah. Jesus 
protested its profanation and exercised 
His righteous anger in cleansing His 
Father's house. Men profane the courts 
of modern houses of worship with the 
tramp, tramp, tramp of Christless orders 
in their glittering harness as they pomp- 
pously march down the aisles of the 
church on "lodge Sunday," and in the 
spirit of Pharisaism these "Bulls of 
Bashan" from their lofty heights look 
with contempt upon the heads of the un- 
initiated, many of whom may be humble 
members of the church which they dese- 
crate. It is out of harmony with Old 
Testament custom and New Testament 
simplicity. 

Preachers Offer Strange Fire. 

Preachers of the gospel are often used 
to conduct their religious services. It 
seems to me that such cases have a 
strong resemblance to offering strange 
fire upon the altar, a crime for which 
Nadab and Abihu met death. Too many 
times preachers are asked to play "sec- 
ond fiddle" to the lodge orchestra in 
their own churches. Of course, on such 
occasions the preacher is lauded and the 
church treasury benefited, but chiefly the 
lodge gets large advertising. I would 
consider money received in this way as 
unclean as the thirty pieces of silver, 
which Judas received for selling his Mas- 
ter, and the fact is, sometimes it is used 
for the same in the same way, for the 
purchase or care of a graveyard. Breth- 
ren in the ministry, Abraham never came 
into the fullness of the blessing of God 
until he separated himself from his 



worldly nephew, Lot. That is a good 
precedent for God's men everywhere to 
follow. 

"But," lodge men say, "we worship 
in our lodge." Yes, and therein lies the 
danger of the lodge system. The oaths 
of the lodge are blasphemous ; the asso- 
ciations there are harmful ; the horse 
play is revolting; the political strength 
is alarming and the influence upon our 
courts is hurtful to justice, but the worst 
of all is the mockery that passes for 
worship which gives men a sense of soul 
security — a false hope of salvation. The 
religious feature is like a great wall to 
keep young men from entering the 
church, and church members who once 
enter the gates of the lodge find their 
interest in the church gradually lessened 
until the lodge gains the ascendency. It 
is exceedingly difficult to lead an enthu- 
siastic lodge man into the church. 

Hollow Mockery. 

Much which passes currently for wor- 
ship is hollow mockery. It was bad 
enough for the Roman soldiers to strike 
the Christ with their hands and even 
nail him to the cross, but the most shock- 
ing of all was their pretense of wor- 
shipping Him. Lodge men, some of 
them chaplains, reject Him and treat 
Him with contempt, and yet in the lodge 
hall or at the public funeral they would 
offer worship to God the Father with 
presumptuous mockery. Such conduct is 
not only cruel, — it is sacrilegious. 

Isaiah in his sixty-fifth chapter, says 
that the people were guilty of idolatry, 
flagrant sensualism and yet held to their 
Pharisaical pride. How much that sounds 
like a condemnation of modern secret 
societies. Modernizing and paraphras- 
ing this chapter it would read, "You re- 
main near skeletons, look into coffins, 
dwell in second-story rooms with blinded 
windows, drink wine out of human skulls 
and withal strut like peacocks, act like 
Pharisees and boast that your lodge does 
more good than the church." Is this 
not a common picture ? 

The lodge recognizes very frequently 
the perversity of fallen humanity and 
talks of the problems of life, but the 
church points to the fact that the in- 
spired Word reveals Jesus Christ, the 
incarnate Word who saves from sin and 



132 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



in whom our problem of acceptable wor- 
ship is solved. 

Separation Imperative. 

In spite of all the blessings we have, — 
the light of the twentieth century, the 
Bible an open book and the heroic figures 
of saintly men for inspiration, — the Lord 
may definitely charge multitudes of pro- 
fessed Christians with apostasy, "For my 
people have committed two evils : they 
have forsaken me the fountain of living 
waters and hewed them out cisterns, 
broken cisterns, that can hold no water." 
( Jeremiah 2 :i3.) 

We are working in an unpopular 
cause, but it is nevertheless a winning 
fi,ght. Isaiah was not popular ; Jere- 
miah's tears did not prevent him from 
being scofifed at ; Moses was accused of 
being mercenary ; Christ was declared to 
be possessed with demons, and the early 
Christian martyrs sealed their faith with 
their l^lood. Men resent our attacks on 
their institutions and when their con- 
science pricks and condemns them they 
try to down the argument by that false 
cry, Great is our order founded on the 
Bible. Your duty and mine will be done 
when we continuously "Cry aloud and 
spare not." There is woe for the man 
who cries, "Peace, peace when there is 
no peace." 

But one course is marked out for the 
reformer, and that is complete separa- 
tion from worldliness ; a face set like 
flint against sin; a heart brave and true; 
a testimony clear and positive ; a living 
faith in God and firm reliance upon the 
Omnipotent who has said, "Ye are of 
God, little children, and have overcome 
them : because greater is he that is in 
you than he that is in the world." (i 
John 4:4.) 



LODGE SUED FOR DEGREE FEES. 

Peru, Ind., July l(i. — A suit of unusual im- 
portance has been instituted* in the court of 
Justice William Farrar in Peru, the plaintiff 
being E. E. Crouder of Bunker Hill and the 
defendant the Masonic Lodge of that town. 
The suit is to recover two-thirds of $20, which 
was paid by Crouder to the lodge for three 
degrees in Masonry. The plaintiff, after tak- 
ing the first degree, decided that he would go 
no further. He was given an order on the 
treasurer for the balance due him, but the 
treasurer refused to pay. The case is watched 
with much interest. 

Having noted the foregoing in the 



daily press I wrote Mr. Crouder asking 
the reason for his not going on after the 
first degree, and received the following 
in reply ; 

"Yours of the 17th at hand and will 
say in regard to the lodge matter that in 
the year 19 12 I was voted into the 
Masonic lodge No. 683 of Bunker Hill, 
Ind. On Nov. 4, 1912, ' I paid the 
money and received the first degree, 
and my reason for not going any further 
was that I had reason to believe that one 
of the members sitting in one of the 
chairs was intoxicated. I am not a 
teetotaler myself, neither am I a crank on 
the temperance question, but I did not 
see my way clear to take Masonry from 
a lodge conducted by such men. 

'T have nothing to say against the 
order of Masons in general, as I think 
the order is all right, but I should think 
it the grand lodge officers' duty to look 
after such lodges as the Masons conduct 
at Bunker Hill, Ind." 

This is interesting because it comes 
from a man who makes no high profes- 
sion, is not even a teetotaler, but he does 
have a sufficient sense of consistency, 
not to say common decency, to protest 
against the hypocrisy which he discov- 
ered on the very threshold of the 
Masonic life. He has nothing against 
the order in general, and still thinks it 
all right, but it is significant that at the 
one point where he was permitted to 
examine it he found it corrupt. And 
then he wonders why the officers of the 
grand lodge do not look after such a 
lodge as the one at Bunker Hill ! Prob- 
ably if he had gone on and taken the 
other degrees he would have understood. 

But a question that perplexes me is 
this. When a man without Christian 
consciousness is stalled as this man was, 
how can thousands of Christian men go 
on and swallow the whole camel (or 
goat) and come out to the world smiling 
and declare that it is all right? 

(Rev.) Mead A. Kelsey. 

Spiceland, Ind. 



It is much easier to meet with error 
than to find truth ; error is on the sur- 
face, and can be more easily met with : 
truth is hid in great depths, and the way 
to seek it does not appear to all the 
world. — Goethe. 



Se])tember, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



133 



"ALL FOUNDED ON THE BIBLE." 

BY PRESIDENT C. A. BLANCHARD, 
WHEATON COLLEGE, ILLINOIS. 

This is one of the most common re- 
marks made by lodge men in defense of 
their institutions. I have now heard it 
for more than forty years. I have heard 
men say it within the last few weeks. 

Though I have at dififerent times 
spoken of this attempted defense, I think 
the importance of the subject warrants 
a detailed consideration of it. I, there- 
fore, invite the careful and prayerful at- 
tention of all people who are willing to 
know and do the will of God to this 
remark so frequently offered as an apol- 
ogy, if not a reason, for lodge member- 
ship. 

And first of all let me remind you of 
the old proverb : "The Devil can quote a 
Scripture to his purpose." He not only 
can, but he does. He did this to our 
Lord Jesus Christ Himself and if he 
dared quote Scripture to Jesus Christ, in 
order to accomplish his dark and deadly 
purpose, it will be no wonder if he does 
the same to us. 

This summer I heard a very interest- 
ing address respecting the being and 
work of Satan. I did not agree with all 
the statements made in it but it con- 
tained a vast deal of most important 
truth. The general thought of the ad- 
dress was that Satan, in place of being 
an outlandish being with horns, hoofs 
and a forked tail, was an angel, wise, 
strong and beautiful ; that his excellen- 
cies were the occasion of his downfall ; 
that he would not worship Jesus, think- 
ing himself to be next to God, daring 
even to think of supplanting God on the 
throne of the universe. That this view 
of the case is substantially true, I think 
every Bible student will admit and if it 
be correct, it will go far to explain the 
strange fact which we are considering. 
"Satan Is God's Ape." 

This was a saying of Adam Clark, one 
of the great Bible students and teachers 
of the English speaking world. When 
the Devil came to our Lord Himself, he 
undertook to secure worship. 'Tf thou 
wilt fall down and worship me" was the 
condition on which he proposed to sur- 
render the contest for possession of the 
world, ''all shall be thine." (Matt. 4:9.) 
Of course being a liar, as he is, he 



claimed the right to Ijestow the kingdoms 
of the world on whomsoever he would. 
So far as these kingdoms are voluntarily 
subjected to him he has a right to claim 
them, but the Devil is not the god of the 
material universe. The God and Father 
of our Lord Jesus Christ made that and 
still further, Satan is not the god of 
God's children. They do not belong to 
the Devil in any sense of the word. The 
only world of which the Devil is prince 
and god is the world of rational beings 
who have voluntarily rejected Jesus and 
chosen him. 

This dark and deadly spirit, being 
created an angel, fallen by pride and 
self-will to the state of a devil, rules 
over all rational beings, angels or men, 
who are willing to accept his sway. 

He has power in the material uni- 
verse. He is the prince of the power of 
the air. That is, he has certain definite 
privileges in the atmosphere which sur- 
rounds the world. Demons seem to love 
the great atmospheric region w^hich sur- 
rounds the solid earth. "We wrestle 
not against flesh and blood but against 
principalities, against powers, against the 
rulers of the darkness of this world, 
against spiritual wickedness in high 
places." (Eph. 6 :i2.) 

The friend to whose address I have 
referred said that in his opinion the most 
terrific battle which our Lord Jesus 
Christ ever fought was when ascending 
into heaven he battled his way through 
these principalities, powers and wicked 
spirits in the upper air. 

Lodges Are Originated by Demons; Pos- 
sessed by Demons; Energized 
by Demons. 

Lodges especially characterize Chris- 
tian lands, though they are found among 
all pagan tribes and nations. There is 
no country where they have prevailed as 
they do in our country. There is no age 
in which they have prevailed as they do 
in our age. To a careless observer this 
might be a recommendation, but to one 
who thinks it does not so appear. 

This Devil, with his uncounted hosts 
of subject demons, is the prince and 
ruler of the lodges of the world. There 
are many evidences to substantiate this 
statement. At different times I have re- 
ferred to some of them. At this time I 
speak of only one. 



134 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



'■\\ hat think ye of Christ?" is the 
question which determines the spiritual 
descent of men and organizations. The 
Holy Spirit expressly states that the 
Antichrist denies the person and work 
of Jesus Christ. It is never said that he 
denies the being or power of God. 

These two great facts are so deeply 
written into the nature of rational be- 
ings and the very constitution of the uni- 
verse, that they have almost never been 
denied. Once in a great wdiile a foolish 
person has undertaken to show that there 
is no God but in general w^e may say 
with the Bible: "The fool hath said in 
his heart, There is no God." (Ps. 14:1.) 
No one but a fool says "no God'' and 
he says it, not in his mind, but in his 
heart. That is, his difficulty in compre- 
hending the deity is not intellectual but 
spiritual. He says ''no God" because he 
wishes there were none, not because he 
thinks there is none. That he tries to 
think there is no God is undoubtedly 
true, but he can only say it in his heart. 

The doctrine of Jesus Christ is en- 
tirely different. Can this God, Who 
made the universe, manifest Himself to 
me? If He can, how is it possible, and 
if it is possible, can we assume a willing- 
ness on His part to do so? Have we a 
manifestation of God in the flesh ? Has 
the Creator of the universe assumed a 
form and taken up work which will make 
Him comprehensible to persons like us? 
This is the question of the ages. The 
Bible doctrine is perfectly clear: "There 
is one God and there is one mediator 
between God and men, the man Christ 
Jesus." (I Tim. 2:5.) No man can come 
to the God of the universe except 
through Jesus Christ. (John 14:6.) He 
says this Himself and the experience of 
man has, in this place as in every other, 
confirmed the word of God. 

Someone has said that the clear rev- 
elation of God in Christ Jesus was de- 
layed in order that men might see what 
they could do for themselves and that 
the Greeks particularly were chosen to 
show^ the utmost that learning, art, ora- 
tory and architecture could do for the 
elevation of mankind apart from the 
revelation of Jesus Christ. What the 
Greeks accomplished every student 
knows. The most beautiful bodies and 



the most acute minds that the world has 
ever known perhaps, were developed in 
that ancient country, but morally the na- 
tion was rotten through and through. 

In our own time science and philoso- 
phy have by many been esteemed as art 
and elegance were by the Greeks. Poor^ 
blind, stupid people look to intellectual 
culture in the lines above indicated as if 
it were to bring men to God, to give 
them victory over themselves, over other 
wicked people, over Satan and his min- 
ions. 

Is the World Growing Better? 

One of the favorite declarations of 
those who have thought that more mental 
culture would prove a saviour, was that 
the world was growing better. When 
these people said "the world" they did 
not define it. They did not tell us wheth- 
er they meant the material universe, ra- 
tional beings as a whole, or rational be- 
ings who belong to God or rational 
beings who belong to Satan. 

Of course, this was careless talk and 
what was still worse, it indicated care- 
less thinking, or perhaps we should say, 
lack of thought. But taking the sen- 
tence at its apparent value, these friends 
of ours were continually saying that the 
world was growing better. I have not 
heard a man make this remark in the 
last six months. To see the nations of 
the world, where science and philosophy 
have been pushed to the limit, ravening 
one on the other like hungry wolves, has 
produced an impression upon those who 
have been telling us that the world was 
growing better. 

The world of redeemed beings is grow- 
ing better. The Bible says it is. 'The 
righteous shall hold on his way and he 
that hath clean hands shall be stronger 
and stronger." (Job 17:9.) The world 
of redeemed beings is growing better ; it 
will continue to grow better. For this 
we have the definite word of God quoted 
above, but the world of wicked people is 
growing worse and worse. For this also 
we have the testimony of God's word: 
''Evil men and seducers shall wax worse 
and worse, deceiving, and being de- 
ceived." (2 Tim. 3:13.) In other words, 
the world of wicked persons is not im- 
proving; it is deteriorating and it will 
not improve ; it will continue to deterior- 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSL'RE 



135 



ate. It is growing worse and worse; 
it will grow worse and worse until it is 
cast into the lake of fire. What a com- 
fort it is to know that there is a lake of 
fire which is to consume the terrible 
things which wicked spirits and wicked 
men devise. 

Of course, the material world has no 
moral character ; never has had, never 
will have. Stars are beautiful but they 
are not virtuous. So it is with flowers, 
rivers, the wide ocean and the beautiful 
mountains. But let us get back to our 
text. 

"It Is All Founded on the Bible." 

Why do preachers and church mem- 
bers and profane swearers and Sabbath 
breakers and drunkards and wicked men 
of all sorts and kinds say a thing like 
this of the lodges with which they are 
connected ? 

The wicked men who say this are com- 
forted by believing it to be true. They 
know they must die. They expect to die, 
to be put in coffins and buried in the 
ground or burned in a crematory. They 
are not very clear about immortality but 
they instinctively fear, if they do not 
hope, for a future. By their very con- 
stitution they are compelled to desire or 
dread the time after what men call death. 
The wicked people who belong to these 
lodges and make this remark, 'Tt is all 
founded on the Bible," try to get hope 
out of this supposed fact. 

The preachers and church members 
who make this remark make it as a jus- 
tification of a relation which they in- 
stinctively feel needs defense. They are 
not spiritual men. If Christians at all, 
they are what Paul calls "carnal Chris- 
tians (I Cor. 3:1) ; that is, they are per- 
sons who have been born of God but 
who are so weak in divine things that 
they think, feel, look, act like the world. 
''Are ye not carnal and walk as men?" 
(i Cor. 3:3.) This is the difficulty with 
these church members who say, "It is all 
founded on the Bible." 
Throats Cut Across and Tongues Torn Out. 

I was talking only last Sabbath with 
a man who professes to be a Christian. 
At the same time he is a member of the 
Masonic lodge and he was justifying this 
lodge. He was saying that good men 
were in it and while I think he did not 



use the words of my title, he was ex- 
pressing the thought. He was evidently 
bewildered and befooled by the fact that 
the demons who instigated Freemasonry, 
Odd-Fellowship, the Knights of Pythias, 
the Woodmen and the like, quote Scrip- 
ture, just as the Devil did when he was 
talking to Jesus Christ. 

From these two classes of minds we 
have this one statement with its twofold 
implications. The Christian man apolo- 
gizes for his membership on the ground 
that his lodge is like the church. The 
Godless man openly declares that his 
lodge takes the place of the church — in 
a word, it is his church. This has been 
the attitude of the two classes of men 
named so far as I have been acquainted 
with them for the last forty years and 
more. 

I have often wondered how many lodge 
men read these letters. I wish tens of 
thousands of them might do so, for while 
I know that the lodges are demon or- 
ganized, demon energized, demon pos- 
sessed, I know that a great many lodge 
men are kindly in disposition and mean 
to be Christian in character. While I 
hate the lodges with my whole heart, I 
love these lodge men as fellow travelers 
to eternity and I honestly wish I might 
do them good. 
"Every Attempt to Do Good Does Good." 

I do not know how many times I have 
quoted this saying of my honored father 
— probably hundreds of times. If I am 
continued in this present life, I expect 
to quote it hundreds of times more. I 
believe it to be true. 

It is not ninety days since I went to an 
ecclesiastical council. One of the min- 
isters present asked me if I remembered 
the time when I preached for him in the 
church which had called the council. 
I said to him : "Yes, I remember it very 
well." "Well," he said, "when you came 
into my house I was the secretary of two 
lodges. I have never been in a lodge 
since that time." Ten or fifteen years 
had passed between these two dates — 
the time when I preached for him in his 
church and the time when he told me 
that he had abandoned his lodges. It 
was a wonderful encouragement to me. 
It is an encouragement to me now to 
know that scores, hundreds, perhaps 
thousands of men have, bv the testimonv 



136 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915 



which the Xational Christian Association 
has given in various ways, been saved 
from the slavery of the lodges. 

So. while I wish that this writing 
might go into the hands of every lodge 
man in our country, I am glad that God 
will use it here and there to save men 
who are willing to believe and do the 
truth. The rest, of course, must be de- 
stroyed. God has made men free and 
He respects the work of His own hands. 
He does not override the freedom which 
He has ordained. 

Men who choose this world with its 
vanities and prides — its ambitions and 
appetites, will be permitted to have it. 
God has made men free. They choose 
whom they will serve. They have to do 
this. They are free to choose whom but 
they are not free to choose or not. Choose 
thev must. Choose they do. Choose they 
will. 

Religion Is the Enemy of Christianity. 

Suppose a man running a saloon, a 
gambling hell or a house of ill fame 
should wish to attract a good class of 
patronage. Suppose that he should get 
out a ritual, have the people that go into 
his saloon, gambling hell or house of ill 
fame, repeat the Lord's Prayer. Sup- 
posing he should appoint a chaplain and 
have him read three or four chapters 
from the Bible from day to day. Sup- 
pose that he should swear in the name 
of God, all the people who come into his 
resort to be true to one another ; not to 
speak evil of one another ; not to rob one 
another ; not to do violence to one an- 
other. Suppose that he should offer 
some rewards to people who would join 
his order, pray his prayers, read his 
scriptures or listen to them when read, 
and swear his oaths. Would these 
changes make the saloon, the gambling 
hell or the house of ill fame any better 
than they are now ? 

A friend of mine who had traveled 
very widely, told me that in the houses 
of ill fame in Japan there was a little 
shrine or altar and that persons going 
into those resorts habitually stopped at 
this shrine to offer worship before or 
after they had entered or both. Did that 
change the character of the resort? Did 
it make the people any better who fre- 
quented it? Would it be a good thing 



now if any place where evil men con- 
gregated for vile purposes, should put- 
in some prayers which they should de- 
vise and some portions of Scripture 
which they would have read? Cannot 
even a blind man see that this founding 
an evil institution "on the Bible" is itself 
a devilish contrivance for deceiving and 
ruining the souls of men? 

Good institutions are not founded on 
the Bible simply by reading portions of 
it. They are founded on the Bible when 
they adopt the principles which the Bible 
lays down as the proper ground for 
human activities and they are not found- 
ed on the Bible under any other condi- 
tions whatsoever. 

No man who has ever studied the 
secret society systems of oiu- country 
and who is fairly intelligent, believes 
that they are in this sense "founded on 
the Bible." The Bible recjuires men to 
repent of sin, to confess it, to cease from 
it, to trust in Jesus Christ for pardon 
and in the Holy Spirit for cleansing. It 
requires men to frequent the assemblies 
of God's people, to be witnesses for the 
cleansing blood of Jesus and the cleans- 
ing work of the Holy Spirit and for 
preachers and church members and 
saloonkeepers and profane swearers to 
say that their lodges are all "founded on 
the Bible'' is to state a frightful false- 
hood, if the men really know what the 
words, which thev use, mean. 



BOY SCOUT DEMORALIZATION. 

There has been much said in approval 
of the Boy Scout organization. It has 
in it possibilities of useful development, 
training and direction of youthful rest- 
lessness and love of martial forms. But 
in the hands of some "masters" the or- 
ganization has in it also very well-de- 
fined opportunities of demoralization. 
One of these which is being exploited 
hereabouts is the practice of "hikes" on 
Sabbath days. Boys are taken away 
from Sabbath schools, churches and 
homes on a wild goose chase which has 
nothing in it to commend it to good 
common sense, much less to Christian 
prudence. It is strange to what extent 
some good fathers and mothers allow 
their better judgment to be overruled in 
connection with these hikes. — The 
United Presyhterian. 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



137 



FREEMASONRY NOT CONSISTENT 
WITH CHRISTIANITY. 

BY REV. W. P. MC NARY. 

Its Secret Oaths Are Profane and Wicked 

In illustration of this objection we will 
make some quotations from these oaths. 
The Entered Apprentice is taken into the 
lodge half naked, is made to kneel be- 
fore the Master and place his left hand 
under the "Bible, compass and square," 
and his right hand upon them, and swear 
by and on these three symbols, that he 
will obey the constitutions, keep the se- 
crets of Masonry, etc., and closes in 
these words, "Binding myself under no 
less penalty than to have my throat cut 
across from ear to ear, my tongue torn 
out by the roots, and my body buried in 
the rough sands of the sea where the 
tide ebbs and flows every twenty-four 
hours; so help me God." — (Light on 
Masonry, page 27.) 

The Master Mason swears upon the 
Bible, compass and square, as before, 
using these words among others, "That 
I will support the constitution of the 
Grand Lodge of the state, and conform 
to all the by-laws, rules and regulations 
of this or any other lodge of which I 
may at any time become a member. That 
a Master Mason's secrets given to me 
in charge as such, shall remain as secure 
and inviolable in my breast as in his own, 
murder and treason excepted, and they 
left to my own election. That if any 
part of this solemn oath be omitted at 
■ this time, I will hold myself amenable 
thereto whenever informed. That I will 
not violate the chastity of a Master Ma- 
son's wife, mother, sister or daughter, I 
-knowing her to be sitch. Binding my- 
self under no less penalty than to have 
my body severed in two, and my bowels 
torn out and burnt to ashes and the ash- 
'63 scattered to the four winds of heaven, 
my body quartered and dispersed to the 
four cardinal points of the universe ; so 
help me God. — (Light on Masonry, page 
73.) The Royal Arch Mason swears, 
as before, using these words : "That I 
will assist a companion Royal Arch Ma- 
son when engaged in any difficulty, and 
espouse his cause so far as to extricate 
him from the same, if in my power, 
whether he be right or wTong. That if 
.the secrets of a Royal Arch Mason are 
given to me in charge as such, they 



shall remain as inviolal^le in my breast 
as in his own — murder and treason not 
excepted:' — ^( Light on Masonry, page 
142.) 

(It is said by some that this last 
clause, and other clauses that might be 
objectionable to conscientious men, are 
sometimes omitted, but that the clause 
which says, "if any part of this solemn 
oath be omitted at this time, that I will 
hold myself amenable thereto whenever 
informed," is never omitted. There is 
no doubt, however, but that these words 
were in the original form of the Masonic 
oath.) 

The oath of the Thrice Illustrious Or- 
der of the Cross contains these words : 
"That should I know another to violate 
any essential part of this obligation, I 
will use my most decided endeavors, by 
the blessing of God, to bring such person 
to the most condign punishment, agree- 
ably to the rules and usages of the An- 
cient fraternity.'' — (Light on Masonry, 
page 199.) 

In the Knight Templar degree, a can- 
didate is made to drink wine from a 
human skull, saying these words : ''May 
all the sins committed by the person 
whose skull this was be heaped upon my 
head, in addition to my own, should I 
knowingly and willingly violate this, my 
solemn obligation." — (Light on Masonry, 
page 183.) 

There are many objections to these 
oaths, among which are the following : 

1. An oath is a solemn appeal to God 
and to swear by the "Bible, compass and 
square" is idolatry and a profane use of 
an oath. "Thou shalt fear the Lord thy 
God and serve him, and shalt swear hx 
his name." — Deut. VL-13. 

2. An extrajudicial oath is unlawful. 

3. To swear to obey an unknown 
code of laws or to keep an unknown se- 
cret is ensnaring to the conscience. Thou- 
sands of men have left the order because 
they did not approve of its regulations, 
only to find themselves ensnared h\ its 
wicked oaths. 

4. They bind the members to execute 
imlawful and murderous penalties. Rev. 
Moses Thatcher, a seceding Mason, savs 
that he has "reliable eridence of not less 
than se7'e)i individuals murdered under 
Masonic lazv." 



138 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



5. To swear to keep another person 
secret and protect them from punish- 
ment whether right or wrong is contrary 
to the laws of God and man. 

After I preached on Freemasonry in 
1873 a good old Episcopal minister came 
to me and asked for a private interview. 
The substance of his remarks was as 
follows : I am a Royal Arch Mason. I 
joined before I became a Christian. As 
soon as I was converted I saw that I 
could not be a Mason and a Christian 
and I ceased to attend the meetings, but 
I do not dare to come out and openly 
oppose the order. They would ruin me, 
for I am under oath. But you are free 
and you are on the right track. I asked 
him if the oaths as I had published them 
were the same as he took. He replied, 
"Oh, when I took the oath I was sort of 
dazed. I don't remember exactly but 
zve all szvore to stand by each other right 
or zvrong. That is all there is in Ma- 
sonry." I personally know of many men 
who have joined the Masons as they 
themselves have told me because "it 
helped them in business" or "helped them 
to get office," "it would help them in 
case they ever got into trouble," etc., 
etc., and yet before they ever get inside 
of the lodge they had to swear that they 
were not influenced by any mercenary 
motive in making application for mem- 
bership. 
Masonic Charity Is Not Christian Charity. 

The brotherhood of Christians is a 
divine brotherhood. "For this cause I 
bow my knees unto the Father of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, of Whom the whole 
family in heaven and earth is named, 
etc." (Eph. 3:14 and 15.) Every Chris- 
tian owes supreme loyalty to this sacred 
brotherhood. The law of Christian char- 
ity is: "Do good as you have opportun- 
ity unto all men, especially unto those 
that are of the household of faith." 

The law of Masonic charity is: Do 
good as required to all Masons and rec- 
ognize them as brothers, whether they 
are Jews, Mohammedons, infidels or 
grossly wicked men. Of such fellowship 
the Bible says : "Be not unequally yoked 
together with unbelievers * * * come out 
from among them and be ye separate, 
saith the Lord." (2 Cor. 6:14.) 

Now, Masonry, as we will show later, 
is a religious brotherhood and claims the 



supreme allegiance of all its members. 
It is just against such fellowship that 
the apostle warned the Corinthians in 
the passage quoted. 

Not only does Masonry ignore all ties 
of Christian brotherhood, but all Chris- 
tians who are not Masons are excluded 
from the benefits of Masonic charity. 
Masons as individuals may give to whom 
they choose, but there is not one word 
in all Masonic teaching that enjoins it 
as a duty upon a member of the fra- 
ternity to bestow charity on any out- 
sider. It claims that its members are 
God's chosen people (Mackey's Alanual, 
page 196), and the Master in his address 
calls all outsiders "cowans," (dogs), "the 
profane world," etc. Christian l^enevo- 
lence is essentially unselfish. Jesus said, 
"If ye do good to them that do good to 
you, what thanks have you, for even sin- 
ners do the same." 

Masonic charity is essentially selfish. 
According to Mackey's Manual, page 
217, it excludes all old men in dotage; 
young men in nonage ; all women and 
deformed persons. (See Finney, page 
186). Mackey's Manual further de- 
clares, (page 227) that the Wardens 
"shall consider of the most prudent and 
effectual methods of collecting and dis- 
posing of what money shall be given to, 
or lodged with them in charity, toward 
the relief only of any true brother fallen 
into poverty or decay, but of none else." 

Now, when a company of strong, able- 
bodied, prosperous men club together, 
excluding the poor, the weak, and all 
women, and promise to help each other 
and none else, would you call it benevo- 
lence? ■.'.-■'. 

Instead of being benevolence, it is the 
very opposite of true Christian benevo- 
lence or charity. It is a combination of 
the strong against the weak. It is great 
trust in society, more oppressive, more 
tyrannical than any of the great com- 
bines in business for it crowds the lame, 
the old, the poor and all worthy and 
needy outsiders. Christian or not, out of 
positions, out of office, out of opportuni- 
ties in order to put in its own members, 
whether worthy and needy or not. As 
that Episcopal minister said to me. Ma- 
sons are "sworn to stand by each other, 
right or wrong, and that is all there is 
to it." It is a common boast of Masons 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



139 



that their order is more charital^le than 
the Church. In making this comparison 
let it be remembered that the Church is 
founded by Jesus Christ and has for its 
object the conversion of souls and the 
building up of Christ's kingdom. That 
its mission is primarily to minister to 
man's spiritual rather than to his tem- 
poral wants. Esteeming it more impor- 
tant to save a man from eternal death 
than from bodily suffering, it makes 
that its principal work and to that end 
it contributes largely for missions and 
evangelical work, which is the highest 
and holiest kind of Christian charity, 
whereas, Masonry only considers man's 
temporal wants. If we compare the vol- 
untary contributions of Christian people 
to promote Christ's great work of salva- 
tion with the compulsory contributions 
of Freemasons toward the support of 
the lodge, the odds would be many fold 
in favor of the church. Besides this, of 
the contributions of Masonry collected 
in dues and initiation fees a very small 
proportion goes to charity. Some years 
ago I looked up the official reports of 
the grand lodge of Indiana and found 
that about two-fifths of its contributions 
w^ere given for charity and the other 
three-fifths went "to sustain the dignity 
of the order," that is, to pay the expenses 
of the higher officers to conclaves, ban- 
quets, meetings of various kinds and the 
expenses of the lodges. (See Edmond 
Ronayne's Handbook, page 12). The 
fact is this, the benefits received by its 
members, if any, in return for their con- 
tributions are of the nature of insur- 
ance benefits and it is the most expen- 
sive insurance they could invest in. 



A little girl was asked the meaning of 
the word "happy." She said : "It is to 
feel like you wanted to give all your 
playthings to your little sister." — Se- 
lected. 



"Your husband," said the caller sym- 
pathizingly, "was a man of excellent 
qualities." 

"Yes," sighed the widow, "he was a 
good man. Everybody says so. I wasn't 
much acquainted with him myself. He 
belonged to six lodges." — Missouri Free- 
mason. 



SUNDAY EXCURSION, W. O. W. 

Sunday morning, August ist, ult., a 
vast throng of Woodmen and friends 
of the Order assembled to witness the 
arrival of a special train in Chicago on 
the I. C. R. R., containing the uniform 
rank of Blue Island and Roseland 
camps with their wives and families 
and the famous Pullman fife, drum and 
bugle corps of thirty pieces. About 
twelve hundred members of the Wood- 
men of the World and the female auxil- 
liary. Women's Circle, together with 
three companies of the 38th regiment 
and the fife and drum corps, took the 
Christopher Columbus for their annual 
boat excursion to Milwaukee. This ex- 
cursion w^as given by Progress Camp Xo. 
114. After photographs were taken of 
the teams and bands, the command "For- 
ward" was given and amidst the blare 
of trumpets and the re-echoing of drums 
and fifes, they marched to River and 
Rush streets where they were received 
with loud hurrahs by the hundreds of 
men, women and children already as- 
sembled on the decks of the steamship 
which carried them to Milwaukee. — Ex- 
cerpt from the Woodmen Recorder, of 
August, 191 5. 

We have heretofore called attention 
to the founder of this order, Joseph 
Cullen Root, who undertook to organize 
an order of woodcraft without any ref- 
erence to religion so that, as he said, 
"the doors then are left open to the 
Jew and the Gentile, the Catholic and 
the Protestant, the agnostic and the 
atheist," but soon was added a Funeral 
and Burial Service. Quoting from a 
Woodman of the World booklet, "Its 
funeral and burial services are ennobling 
and comforting; it does not trench on 
the opinions or beliefs of any religious 
denomination." All men are naturally re- 
ligious and hence the demand for a 
funeral service that will assure them of 
heaven without repentance or faith in 
Christ. 



He that wears a Masonic emblem 
tells the public that he is a Mason, but 
he does not tell it how good a Mason he 
is. — The Texas Freemason. 

Neither is it any indication what kind 
of a man he is. 



140 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



SCHOOL QUIZ UPROAR. 
Union Chiefs Blamed. 

Union labor officials invaded the meeting of 
the Baldwin senate educational committee at 
Hotel LaSalle shortly before adjournment of 
the morning- session today and launched a 
bitter attack upon Myer J. Stein, attorney for 
the committee, demanding that the senators 
"call him to account" and compel him to mod- 
ify his inquiry into the affairs of the Chicago 
Teachers" federation. The room was packed 
with teachers and officials of the federation 
and the meeting ended abruptly in a turmoil. 
Chairman Baldwin asserting to the labor men 
the committee would give every one a fair 
hearing" and the union leaders protesting and 
practically demanding that Attorney Stein be 
dismissed as counsel for the committee. 

"Intimidation," Says Baldwin. 

Chairman Baldwin characterized the attempt 
of John Fitzpatrick, president of the Chicago 
Federation of Labor ; Edward N. Nockels, 
secretary of the federation; Victor Olander, 
secretary of the state labor organization, and 
Miss Margaret Haley, business agent of the 
teachers' federation, as a "deliberate attempt to 
intimidate the committee" and prevent, if pos- 
sible, the threatened investigation of the 
finances of the teachers' federation. 

Cause of the Row. 

An inquiry directed at the dues and assess- 
ments levied by the Chicago Teachers' Fed- 
eration from its 4,000 members, teachers in 
the public schools and the identity of those 
who handle the money precipitated the row. 

Jacob M. Loeb, vice-president of the board 
of education, told the committee to-day that 
on account of the secretive methods of the 
federation he has not been able to get the 
answer to either of these questions; that even 
teachers who are members of the organization 
are denied the information. 

Thinks It's Used for Lobbying. 

"Owing to the secretive methods of the 
federation I have been forced to the con- 
clusion that the funds it raises at the expense 
of the teachers are used for lobbying pur- 
poses, both in Springfield and here," said Mr. 
Loeb. "In one of the letters the federation 
asked its members to flood the senate with, in 
favor of certain bills the organization wanted, 
the statement was made that unless these bills 
passed 300,000 school children would be turned 
out on the streets, the schools closed and 7,000 
teachers would be out of a job. That is a 
deliberate misstatement made to the senate of 



this state. No resolution was ever introduced 
into the board to close the schools and there 
was actually little talk of anything of that 
sort except by the members of the federation ; 
in fact, I believe they started it." 

Evidence in possession of the committee, 
according to a man close to the activities of 
the senators, shows that the federation is 
affiliated with the Federation of Labor; that 
Margaret Haley, business agent of the teach- 
ers' organization, is a delegate to the labor 
organization, and that the teachers belonging 
to the federation are bound under the rules 
and regulations of the Federation of Labor, 
which provide for the calling of a strike when- 
ever conditions do not suit the membership 
of the organization. 

Possibility of a strike by the teachers of 
Chicago's public schools is what is interesting 
the senators chiefly, for it has been reported 
to them that threats of such action were made 
at a mass meeting held in protest against 
the recommendation of the Loeb efficiency 
committee that all salaries be cut 7% per cent. 
—Chicago Daily News, July 22, 1915. 



HIGH SCHOOL SECRET SOCIETIES 
AND DANCES. 

To the Christian Endeavor JJ'orld, the late 
Bishop W. F. Mallalieu of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, sent the following earnest 
protest against high school secret societies and 
dances : 

It is high time to call a halt in the admin- 
istration of affairs in some of our public 
schools. . ; 

The public schools of New England have 
been one of her chief glories, A good be- 
ginning was made at Plymouth. The little 
log hut that was built at the very top of 
Burial Hill served all sorts of purposes. On 
its flat top was a small cannon, which made it 
a fort. It was the place of assembly for the 
heads of the colony, and so it was a sort of 
statehouse, transferred in due time to Beacon 
Hill. It also served as a church in which 
heroic souls met for the worship of God. 
And with all the rest, as the story goes, it 
was used as a schoolhouse. 

It is an occasion for great satisfaction that 
the influence of New England in regard to 
public schools for all the people has spread 
abroad until it has now become the heritage 
of all the states and all the people. Here it 
is that the rich and poor have met together, 
and have laid the foundation of future use- 
fulness and success in life. 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



141 



But it seems to be the rule in this earthly 
hfe that the best things will not thrive of 
themselves. Constant care, unswerving vig- 
ilance, is the price that must be paid if we 
would see ine good made permanent. No 
thoughtful observer has failed to see that 
our schools, especially our high schools, are 
in danger of falling away from the proud pre- 
eminence they ha\e heretofore held. 

The danger is two-fold. 

First of all, the prevalent custom of insti- 
tuting fraternities or secret societies, whether 
of both sexes or for each separately, is work- 
ing a great and manifest harm. 

Enough is definitely known as to the meth- 
ods, rites, and ceremonies of the so-called 
initiation of new members to make it clear 
that to a great e.xtent these methods are de- 
grading to those that submit to them, and 
equally if not more degrading to those that 
apply them. 

Then it must be conceded that secret socie- 
ties in high schools strike a deadly blow at 
one of the fundamental principles of our 
American institutions. 

If we pride ourselves justly on any one 
thing more than another, it is that every boy 
and girl starts out in life, so far as public 
education is concerned, with a fair chance, an 
equal chance for preferment and success. 

If the poorest boy in the community, if the 
boy whose poverty compels him to wear 
patched garments, only has the brains, and 
will diligently use them, he has, with the same 
books to study and the same teachers to guide 
him, a wide open door to all that is most hon- 
orable and remunerative in the wide range of 
human ambitions. It is largely a question of 
brains and work. Brains are nature's en- 
dowment ; work is the human factor in win- 
ning victories. 

But, when our young people in the high 
schools or any other schools begin to divide 
up into "sets" and "cliques" and "societies" 
and "fraternities," the boy from the "shack" 
or "shanty," or the "slum" region, the boy 
that wears the patched and ancient clothing, 
finds himself left out ; he is ostracized, and 
lines are drawn that will have a tendency to 
make him feel that he is an object of pity or 
scorn. 

These high school fraternities or societies 
ought to be abolished, every last one of them, 
and their existence prohibited. 

They are an outrage on the fundamental 
principles of our national life; they are un- 



christian, and quite unworthy of the times in 
which we live and the records of the past. 

In this connection it must l)c ob\ious that 
the dance so sadly prevalent in our high 
schools ought not to be tolerated. 

The dance is not needed for exercise — walk- 
ing in the open air, head erect, every muscle 
of the body in motion, is a hundred times 
better than the dance. Besides, wlien one is 
walking there are a thousand interesting things 
to be seen in the heavens above and the earth 
beneath and the waters under the earth. 

In John Adams' diary there is a reference 
made to John Hancock. xA.dams says of him 
that Hancock tried to learn to dance, but that 
he completely failed in his efforts. And Adams 
adds that he had never known a man of 
brains that succeeded as a dancer. 

But John Hancock gnew how to help Jef- 
ferson draw up the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, and he knew how to write his name 
plainly and emphatically as the first signer of 
that immortal document, and that without the 
slightest trembling of nerve, even when he 
knew that in so doing he risked even life 
itself if the struggle for national existence 
should prove a failure. 



LABOR UNIONS AND THE FREE 
METHODIST CHURCH. 

The greatest question considered by the gen- 
eral conference [1915] was that of labor 
unionism. This occupied the greater part of 
several sittings and the debates were earnest 
and spirited, yet not an unkind word was 
spoken or a wrong spirit manifested. There 
was not a person on either side but sincerely 
desired that the very best thing should be 
done, but many were in perplexit}- as to 
what was best. Some held that it was simply 
an economic question and that the church had 
no right to legislate in the matter ; that the 
workmen were brought face to face with ccmi- 
ditions over which they had no control, and 
against their will were compelled to join the 
labor unions that they might have work and 
support their families; that the case was not 
at all parallel with those who roluniarily 
joined fraternal orders and should not be 
considered as identical; that if members of 
the labor unions took their position in the 
unions against what they believed to be 
wrong in them their obligation ceased ; that 
contractors and employers were compelled to 
emplo}- union men exclusively or get out of 
Inisiness, as no union men would work with 
non-union men, and that if they tried to run 



142 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



their business with non-union labor the tirms 
selHng material would not let them have ma- 
terial with which to build because of the fear 
of being boycotted by the labor unions, and, 
therefore, said contractors and employers were 
not responsible for discriminating against 
their brethren of the Free Methodist church. 

The other side contended that the labor 
unions as now^ constituted were not only secret 
societies in fact, but were governed by prin- 
ciples that were un-American, unconstitution- 
al, unfair, unjust, unreasonable, and that in 
carrying out these principles they resorted to 
unlawful means, resulting oftentimes in the 
destruction of property and in the intimida- 
tion, slugging and murdering of men; that 
membership in such labor unions made the in- 
dividual morally responsible for these unlaw- 
ful acts, and such being the case such mem- 
bership was contrary to the letter of the Bible 
and the spirit of true Christianity, and, what- 
ever the outcome, persons belonging to the 
Free Methodist church should not belong to 
these labor organizations. 

Everybody realized that it was a serious 
question and that the church would be af- 
fected more or less whichever way the matter 
was decided ; for, on the one hand, quite a 
number of labor union men had in some way 
or other already become members of the Free 
Methodist church, and if the question was 
decided against them they would have to with- 
draw from the church or from the labor 
union, while, on the other hand, there were 
hundreds who would join the church if the 
ban were removed. So the matter was con- 
sidered prayerfully, deliberately and with a 
smgie eye to the glory of God. Good men, 
some of the ablest men of the conference, 
differed as to the disposition of the question, 
and heavenly wisdom was besought. 

The original paper presented was amended 
several times and was finally adopted by a 
large majority. It passed as follows: 

We would not oppose the open and honest 
organization of the laboring classes seeking in 
a proper way their betterment without injuring 
others or violating the inherent right of any, 
but we are opposed to the element of pledged 
or oathbound secrecy, the policy of coercion, 
the practice of lawlessness, or any other evil 
in such organizations, and we prohibit our 
members from membership in labor unions or 
other societies where such evils exist. We 
hold that labor unions as now generally con- 
stituted are secret societies and that member- 
ship therein is a bar to membership in the 
church. 

We also declare that discrimination in favor 
of unionism as against non-unionism ( n the 



part of contractors or employers is a violation 
of paragraph 42 of our General Rules. Any 
contractor or any employer of labor found 
guilty, according to due process of disciplinary 
trial, of thus discriminating shall be debarred 
from membership in the Free Methodist 
church. 

We can not see how the church in con- 
sistency could have done otherwise than she 
did. To have admitted members of labor 
unions into the church would have been to 
go squarely back on her position against 
secret societies which she has held since the 
organization of the church. We honestly be- 
lieve the general conference erred in not 
adopting- strong resolutions expressive of our 
condemnation of capitalistic greed that grinds 
down the face of the poor laborer, that pays 
starvation wages and requires long hours ; 
that corners markets and monopolizes busi- 
ness in its own interests, and also resolutions 
expressive of sympathy with the laboring men 
in their struggles against the greed of many 
capitalists and great corporations that would 
oppress them ; and at the same time deplore 
the means the laboring classes were using to 
further their interests and secure their rights. 

But we hold that no man has any justifica- 
tion in declaring that the Free Methodist 
church is against the working men as a 
class because of this action taken by general 
conference, or is on the side of the capital- 
ists. It is not true! The Free Methodist 
church stands for the highest welfare of the 
working men, but is unalterably opposed to 
the closed shop policy of the labor unions, 
whereby they destroy the constitutional rights 
of the great mass of working men who do 
not belong to their organizations, and the 
church is also unalterably opposed to the 
coercive and destructive means used by these 
labor unions in carrying out their plans. 

There is no good reason why the laboring 
men should not be organized, and well or- 
ganized, and be governed by righteous 
principles and always employ fair and honor- 
able methods. Then would they have the sym- 
pathy and co-operation of all the working 
classes, as well as the respect of the entire 
citizenship of the country. 

These are perilous days and it is a time for 
deep humiliation and earnest prayer that the 
church may unitedly stand by her principles^ 
and, never faltering, do the right as she sees 
it and move forward. Every combination of 
evil unites to break her to pieces and hinder 
her onward march.— TAr Free Methodist. 



I 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



143 



UNION MEN TO PAY DAMAGES. 

The United States supreme court has hand- 
ed down a decision which is hkely to affect 
union labor to a very great extent, and for 
this reason and also because the question of 
membership in labor unions is constantly 
arising among our people, we here give a 
brief review of the case which led up to the 
decision, as summarized by the Literary 
Digest. 

The Danbury Hatters' case dates ])ack to 
July, 1902, when the hatters in the employ of 
Loewe and Co., of Danbury, Conn., struck 
because that hrm refused to unionize its shops. 
In August of the same year the firm brought 
suit for $80,000 damages against the Dan- 
bury Hatters' Union and the individual 
strikers, alleging that through the United 
Hatters and the American Federation of 
Labor its name had been posted all over the 
country on the "unfair list" and as one of 
the concerns which "we don't patronize." The 
homes, bank deposits, and other property of 
the strikers were attached to secure payment 
in case of judgment. From the superior 
court of Connecticut the case was advanced to 
the federal district court, because it involved 
interstate trade, and in 1908 this court de- 
cided in favor of the firm, awarding damages 
of $74,000, which under the tripling provision 
of the Sherman law became $222,000. The 
circuit court of appeals set aside this judg- 
ment on question of doubt, but in 1909 the 
United States supreme court sustained the 
district court in its contention that the case 
came under the Sherman law, and ordered a 
new trial. In 1912 this new trial resulted in 
a decision for the firm, allowing the full 
claim of $80,000 to be trebled and costs add- 
ed. In its final disposal of the case the 
United States supreme court confirms this 
verdict, settling the question of individual 
responsibility of members of a labor union 
for acts done by the union of a nature that 
must of necessity be within the knowledge of 
the members. Of the original 191 individual 
defendants in this case only about 180 are 
now living", and these are ordered to pay dam- 
ages amounting to $260,000. 

In other words, the labor union declared a 
boycott against the firm of hatters and there- 
by destroyed the firm's business in other 
states. The individual members of the union 
are required to pay the damages allowed by 
the court, which amounts to nearly $l.o00 
each.. The liabilitv of each member for the 



action of the union to which he belongs is 
thus estal)lished. For a member to say that 
he does not personally approve of a strike 
declared by the union, or the boycott, or vio- 
lence permitted, does not relieve that person 
of responsibility. The writer know- person- 
ally a member of a labor union who is a pro- 
fessed Christian and a church member. The 
union holds all its business meetings on Sun- 
day. This member is as much responsible 
for such a condition as are the members of 
the Danbury Hatters' Union for the action 
of their union. — Wesleyan. 



It is no easy matter for a man who has to 
depend on his day's labor for a liveliliood 
to take a stand against trade unions, for 
conscience sake. The situation is growing 
more critical every day. A recent decision 
of the supreme court of the United States 
holds individual members oi labor unions 
responsible for the action of the union. In 
the case cited, individual members of a cer- 
tain union were held to pay about $l,oUU each 
to cover damages done by the union to a cer- 
tain firm. It is not altogether safe for a 
man to belong to a union, for though he may 
be opposed to boycotts or strikes he is likely 
to be held personally responsible for t]ie 
action of the union he belongs to. 

It is better to trust in God than in princes. 
— Herald of Light. 



Hatters Pay $19,423. 

Danbury, Conn., July 10. — The Savings 
Bank of Danbury today paid to D. E. Lotwe 
& Co., $19,423 as part of the judgment of 
$252,000 ordered by the United States su- 
preme court in the Danbury Hatters" litiga- 
tion. The sum represents deposits of indi- 
vidual hatters, attached when the suit was 
first instituted, in 1902. Other banks, where 
the hatters' money is tied up, will soon make 
payments to the compan}-, it is said. — C Jiicogo 
Dailv Nezvs. 



MENACED BY LABOR AGITATORS. 
The I. W. W. in Mexico. 

One of the most dangerotis and nnni.ly 
elements now tolerated in Mexico, in the 
opinion of American residents, is tlie 
Casa del Obrero ]\Iundial. said to be a 
branch of the I. W. W. Introduced orig- 
inally, at any rate, by agents from tlic 
United States, the organization lias 
spread like a disease among the lower 



144 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



and middle classes, until today it is esti- 
mated that about 30.000 members are 
enrolled in the southern provinces alone. 
Of this number a large percentage is to 
be found in the army, where the com- 
bination of unintelligent socialism, trop- 
ical temperament and nervous trigger- 
hnger is likely to be a growing menace. 

The laborer "worthy of his hire" does 
not wish always to be a soldier, however, 
with the privilege of beating his plow- 
share back into a sword at the call of 
country, and the effort to force this 
status upon him has resulted in a situa- 
tion likely to assume alarming propor- 
tions. 

Cavalry Stabled in Church. 

A recent episode is typical. In Con- 
stitution street stands a very old and 
very dirty church. Not long since the 
ancient house of worship was turned 
over to the members of the Casa del 
Obrero ^lundial as a place of conven- 
tion. A few days later efforts were 
made to negotiate an agreement by the 
terms of which the patriotic members of 
the organization were to become soldiers 
whenever the occasion demanded. In 
the gorgeous powwow that followed the 
hot words of refusal had hardly had 
time to die upon the lips of the "obre- 
ros" w^hen their church was taken from 
them. Incidentally, a troop of cavalry 
was stabled within the sacred walls. 

In retaliation the angry laborites called 
a strike. Chicago's most hardened walk- 
ing delegate never dreamed of the sort 
of walkout that followed. From the 
water front to the Spanish cemetery and 
beyond construction and destruction 
work stopped as if at the flourish of a 
sorcerer's wand. 

Indian on "Sympathy Strike." 

Over in Calle de Zamora a leisurely 
Indian painting a balcony packed up his 
pot and brush and departed, mentioning 
casually as he left that he was on strike 
in sympathy with some one or other over 
in the next block ; a cochero in the Ave- 
nida de la Independencia calmly refused 
a fare and started his decrepit nag 
toward the stables ; in Cinco de Mayo 
avenue a lechero, or milkman, inter- 
rupted his amiable round and sped home- 
ward to the accompaniment of his own 
banging tinware. 



All over town eyebrows went up and 
implements went down. By noon the 
coaches had disappeared from the streets 
and many shutters were put up for the 
noonday siesta that were not taken down 
at the close of that hour of rest. 

Then toward evening the most severe 
blow fell. With a sympathy no one 
dreamed they possessed, the cooks struck 
and deserted the hotels and restaurants 
as rats leave a sinking ship. Well — 
work might stop, but this was not to be 
tolerated for an instant. The heavy — 
more or less — hand of the law inter- 
vened. A flying squadron of gendarmes 
scoured the city for the recalcitrant 
chefs. Whenever one was captured he 
was treated with the deferential cour- 
tesy his position demanded, but he was 
none the less lugged back to his frijoles 
and tortillas in the kitchen. No doubt 
many escaped, but many, too, were 
rounded up and returned to their em- 
ployers with the compliments of the po- 
lice department. Never was the effi- 
ciency of that division of the public serv- 
ice more ably demonstrated. 

Even Chinese Forced into It. 

But the next day, although the cooks 
were back at work, agents of the obrero 
outfit began the rounds of the Chinese 
laundries, which were not organized at 
all and never had been. They insisted 
on the closing of the laundries. The 
unfortunate celestials protested in vain 
that they were not Mexicans and not 
members of the organization. They 
wailed into ears of granite. What the 
alternative offered them was heaven 
knows, but "clang!" went the shutters on 
the laundry windows and misguided were 
the citizens who had sent their linen 
suits to be washed that morning. 

The strike had many amusing fea- 
tures, but its serious aspect could not be 
overlooked. It indicated the strength of 
the organization in Vera Cruz and gave 
some hint of what it could bring about 
in the way of paralysis of business if it 
cared to. The temper of the body is not 
good and its leaders are avowed an- 
archists of the red flag type. 

In the States a red flag means either 
anarchy or an auction sale and the red 
flag is much in evidence in Vera Cruz 
when the troops parade as well as when 
the obreros march. For be it known that 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



145 



a vast number of the soldiers are mem- 
bers of the organization. Side by side 
march the standard bearers. (Jne sup- 
ports the red, white and green of Mex- 
ico and the other the blood red of an- 
archy. Thus do patriotism and anarch\- 
march side by side until — sometimes — it 
is rather difficuh to distinguish the one 
from the other. 

Leader Is Not a Mexican. 
Head of the Casa del Obrero Mundial 
in Vera Cruz is a Dr. Atl. He is said 
not to be a Mexican. He looks Italian. 
He is the man who was ordered from 
Pueblo by General Francisco Coss when 
he endeavored to introduce his brand of 
anarchy into that state. Coss is the Car- 
ranza leader at that point, a sturdy war- 
rior of the old school. 

Dr. Atl appeared in Pueblo and began 
to "agitate." He was ordered by Coss 
to leave. The doctor hesitated and was 
given twelve hours to get out. Realiz- 
ing what would happen if he did not, 
Atl managed to get out in something 
less than twelve hours. The same even- 
ing Coss in an address delivered in the 
Pueblo opera house took occasion to de- 
nounce Atl and the organization for 
which he stood. 

Constitutionalists Atl's Friends. 

To date the leaders of the Constitu- 
tionalist cause have not only tolerated 
the wily Atl and his doctrines but have 
been on very easy terms with them, ex- 
cept in such cases as the cooks' strike — 
which was a matter personally affecting 
the government's stomach. The move- 
ment too has spread in the northern 
armies of Gen. Villa, it is said. If this 
is true the progress of the propaganda 
is alarming and dangerous, for anarch}' 
will not aid the cause of justice or of 
peace in Mexico, 

It is quite conceivable that the move- 
ment might attain proportions that would 
threaten seriously whatever good seed 
may have been sown by the higher 
minded dignitaries of the "cause" and 
bring about a situation in Mexico even 
more difficult of solution than now con- 
fronts the republic and its 1)ig sister to 
the north. 

Last Labor day, celebrated in Mexico 
on May i, I stood on a street corner in 
Vera Cruz and watched the obreros pa- 
rade. In the procession was a new flag 



that attracted my attention. It was red 
like the otliers, but seemed to bear some 
sort of an inscription. I pressed in 
closer and was able to read the words. 
The crimson banner contained a memo- 
rial tribute to the anarchists who were 
hanged in Chicago for complicit\- in the 
Haymarket riot! — The Chicago Daily 
Nezvs. 



A NATURAL POET. 

The father of Isaac Watts was deter- 
mined that his boy should not become a 
poet, and when he caught him making 
rhymes, after tiring of remonstrating 
with him, he flogged him. As he ap- 
plied the whip young Isaac cried out : 

O father, do some pity take. 

And another rhyme I shall never make. 

This provoking the father still more, 
he applied the lash with more severity, 
and young Watts again cried out : 
O my father, do spare my back from pain, 
And I shall never make a rhyme again. 

The father, thoroughly discouraged in 
his vain attempt to beat the poetry out 
of the boy, sent him away to school with 
a special request that the principal flog 
the boy if he caught him making rhymes. 
The first morning at the chapel exercise 
the boy Watts, looking up at the ceiling 
during prayers, saw a rat coming down 
the bell rope. He laughed so loudly that 
the teacher, stopping in his praver, de- 
manded why he laughed. The boy 
tremblingly answered: 
Well, teacher, as there were no stairs, 
The rat came down the rope to say his 
prayers. 

The teacher discovered the genius of 
the boy, and encouraged his rhyme-mak- 
ing, and his hymns to this day are sung 
the world around. — Literary Digest. 



Some Catholic papers have been prais- 
ing an Oklahoma priest for giving a talk 
to a Masonic lodge, which talk pleased 
the Masons so well that they decided to 
print it in full in their official organ. The 
Buffalo Echo (Vol. i, Xo. iq) no doubt 
voices the opinion of most thinking Cath- 
olics when it comments on the incident 
as follows: "\Mien a Catholic priest for- 
gets himself so far as to hobnob with the 
Masons, why should it cause any sur- 
]:)rise that so many Catholic laymen are 
disregarding the Church's warning 
against secret societies?" — The Forf- 
iiiqhtly Rerie:c. • . •'■ ■ 



-f 



146 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 





El^t fliflmtng Olfltifltrt 

BY 
EDWIN BROWN GRAHAM 





CHAPTER XXIV. 
The End of the Beginning. 

"Let those love now who never lov'd before ; 
Let those who always loved now love the 
more.'' 

During this time Hulman had become 
quite feeble. He had been better at 
times and able to attend to his business ; 
then soon he would have a relapse, which 
placed him in a worse condition than be- 
fore. He was now over sixty years of 
age, and there seemed to be a breaking 
down of his whole system. Walter tried 
hard to restore him to his usual health 
and vigor, and for a time had great 
hopes. But his father had lost spirit, 
and did not struggle to baffle the disease, 
as he would have done if he had been 
more cheerful and hopeful. 

It began to look gloomy to Mrs. Hul- 
man. Walter himself was becoming dis- 
couraged. It w^as already dismal to Mr. 
Hulman. He continued to grow worse. 
It looked more dismal to him. Death 
did not present bright hopes and happy 
prospects. Never brave nor pious, he 
had always been afraid to die, and now 
he was afraid he was going to die. He 
was not sure of the existence or the 
nature of a grand lodge on the other 
side of the dark river; or if he was, he 
seemed in no hurry to reach it. He did 
not care so much to live as he dreaded 
to die. He did not love life so much as 
he hated death and feared the darkness 
beyond the grave. In the presence of 
the dead, or on the near approach of 
death the vain boasts of the careless and 
skeptical take the wings of the morning 
and dwell in the uttermost parts of the 

sea. 

Hulman spoke of inviting a consultmg 
physician. Walter had desired one be- 
fore this, but his father had objected. 
Now both were willing. Who should 
be invited? Slim was out of the ques- 
tion. McNally, another resident phvsi- 
cian, had been drinking heavily. Wal- 
ter objected to Lumm. His father ob- 
jected to Hill. At length Walter said: 

"T will suggest one who is willing to 



aid you ; one in whom you can trust 
with no fear of not getting the best 
medical advice ; and yet one whom to 
ask would require you to allow your 
judgment to control your feelings. And 
now I propose that you. not for friend- 
ship, but as a matter of business, send 
for Dr. Groves." 

Hulman groaned. His feelings had 
changed considerably in the last few 
weeks or he would have cursed. 

"Although you may dislike him per- 
sonally, you know that the wisest thing 
that you can do is to have at your bed- 
side that old physician who has brought 
you and your family through many 
spells of sickness and who is acknowl- 
edged to be without a peer, even in the 
city." 

Hulman groaned again. Then his 
wife added pleadingly: 

"Not to help him, but to help you; 
for vour sake and my sake do let us 
send for him." 

Hulman was silent. There was a con- 
flict in his mind. As often as he had 
advised others not to employ that crazy 
Groves, which advice was the indirect 
cause of many deaths, with the ignorant 
Slim or the drunken brother as the di- 
rect cause, yet now his own judgment 
told him that the clear-headed Groves 
would be the best counselor. He bit his 
lips. He hated Groves. But ah! he 
hated death worse. He was in bondage 
to secret societies ; but he was in worse 
bondage through fear of death. On one 
side were arrayed pride, prejudice, envy, 
hatred and deep-rooted spite ; on the 
other, steadily approaching him and 
slaving these passions was the king of 
terrors. "All that a man hath will he 
give for his life." 

'^W^ell if you do not object, I will go 
over to his office and have him to come 
immediately." 

Hulman eroaned, but did not object. 
Mrs. Hulman remarked, ''Do go, and 
uree him to come." 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



147 



*'He will need no urging," said Wal- 
ter, leaving the room. He knew it was 
one of Groves' rules never to allow any 
personal matter to interfere with his ef- 
forts to save life. When Walter made his 
request, Groves said nothing about con- 
fession and forgiveness, or about his 
great sacrifice of dignity, or anything of 
the kind, but considered it as any other 
case and went with Walter to visit the 
patient. 

The consultation was held, the nature 
of the disease, the course of treatment 
and the probable result easily decided. 
They agreed on every point, both con- 
sidering that the patient had a very nar- 
row chance for recovery. It was gen- 
erally known that Hulman was danger- 
ously sick. The Rev. Dr. Dobbs called, 
but did not find him very communica- 
tive in regard to his spiritual interests. 
He gave his pastor no encouragement to 
continue his conversation or to engage 
in any religious exercises. He talked 
more freely to his wife. Said he, one 
day, after lying long silent : 

"Whether Christianity is true or false, 
I would give all I have in the world to 
believe and feel as you and other Chris- 
tians do." 

"Believe as they do and you will feel 
as they do." 

"How can I make myself feel? I 
do believe that the Bible is true." 

"O I mean more than to believe that 
the \Vord is true. Believe in, trust the 
truth of its promises, and depend on Him 
who made them. That is what we call 
faith.. Don't try to feel. There's noth- 
ing said about feeling. Accept the 
Savior as yours and rely on Him, and 
whether you feel deeply or not, you will 
receive the promised blessings." 

Hulman was again quiet for some 
minutes. Then he remarked that he 
would like to see Father Kemble. 
With-'^ut saying another word on the sub- 
ject, Mrs. Hulman sent a note to the 
venerible minister, asking him to call on 
her husband. When he came that after- 
noon she met him in the parlor and wise- 
ly gave him as near as she was able a 
description of the views of Mr. Hulman. 
Then she showed him into the room of 
the ?ick man. and as she knew that her 
husband might be more free to 
communicate his feelings, she prudent- 



ly excused herself for a few minutes. 

"I have often thought of you in your 
aftiiction and am sorry that I have not 
called before this, but I did not know 
that my visits would be desirable," said 
the pleasant old gentleman. 

"You had reasons for believing as 
you did, but I ask you to forgive me. I 
have sadly abused you, spoken ill of 
you, and tried to injure you. I confess 
it all and humbly beg your forgiveness. 
I could not die in peace until I had done 
this." 

"I did not intend to accuse you, Mr. 
Hulman, but merely to excuse myself. 
If you have ever done me any wrong, 
I freely forgive you, even as I hope to 
be forgiven." 

"Thank you, Father Kemble. I have 
wronged you and am grateful for your 
forgiveness. I do not try to excuse my- 
self at all. The only palliation I offer 
is that it was my associations that led 
me to do so much evil. But this is no 
excuse, for I should not have been in as- 
sociations which I knew all the time were 
wrong. I refer to secret societies." 

"Indeed, I am surprised yet glad to 
hear you speak as you do. I always did 
blame that institution which exerted 
such influence over you, and which I 
was once afraid would keep you, as it 
has kept thousands, from ever being 
saved. But allow all that to pass, and 
let us continue good friends until death." 

"Ah ! I fear that is not far from me, 
and I have asked you to call that you 
might talk to me and pray with me be- 
fore I die." 

"I will surely be glad to do so. I 
suppose your pastor has often conversed 
with you and that you are wxll prepared 
for the end," remarked Father Kemble, 
rejoiced and yet surprised at the request. 

Mr. Hulman answered earnestly, "Dr. 
Dobbs has often called and attempted to 
converse with me, but I have little con- 
fidence in him as a minister. I have met 
where no Christians should enter and 
heard him reading Christless prayers. 
Ah, no, when one comes to die he wants 
a minister who is free from all such en- 
tangling alliances. I prefer that you, 
nay, I beg that you may be my spiritual 
adviser, and, as you have forgiven me 
yourself, point out to me, a guiltv 
wretch, the wav in which I mav obtain 



14S 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



foro-iveness from Him before whose bar 
I must soon appear." 

Father Kemble answered, "If I for- 
give, how much more w^ill He ! He will 
abundantly pardon, for His ways are 
above our ways and His thoughts — His 
thoughts of mercy — are above our 
thoughts, even as the heavens are high- 
er than the earth." 

"But I am such a wicked sinner." 

" 'Let him return to the Lord. Though 
vour sins be as scarlet" " — 

"So are mine," broke in the sick man. 

" 'They shall be as snow. Though 
they be as red as crimson' " — 

"Lideed they are." 

" 'Thev shall be as wool.' " 

"But how shall I return?" 

"Do you know who proclaimed these 
words: 'I am the way'?" 

"Yes." 

"Then take Him as your Savior and 
trust Him to do as He promises and He 
will do it ; for He never fails." 

And thus they talked until the almost 
dying man declared his confidence in 
Him who only can forgive sin. Promis- 
ing to call the next day at three o'clock, 
Father Kemble left the room. 

By the entreaty of Mrs. Hulman and 
the consent of her husband, Groves 
had called frequently. The patient during 
these visits scarcely took his eyes from 
the doctor, but followed him with them 
as often as he moved. Often he would 
sigh as if his heart were broken. After 
the doctors had made their examina- 
tion the evening after the second call of 
Father Kemble, and were about to leave 
the room, and had, in fact, opened the 
door, Mr. Hulman said : 

"Wait a few minutes, please." 

They returned to the bedside and 
waited for the request. After asking 
them to be seated he added : 

"Walter, take a pen and write as I 
dictate. You can write as fast as I can 
speak." 

Walter procured paper and pen and 
sat down at the stand by the bedside. 
Groves sat near the foot of the bed. 
"Promise me that neither of you will 
speak a word, or utter an exclamation 
till I have finished." 

They both promised. The sick man 
began to dictate. He spok*" very slo^-*^- 
ly and faintly. Every word was consid- 



ered. He had probal)ly thought it all 
over before this. 

My last hour is fast approaching. Before 
ail things fade from my mind I feel the need 
of making a confession, and, so far as in me 
hes, restitution for my wrong. It has been my 
sad and guilty lot to be concerned in an event 
which for a time caused agony to some and 
pain to many, and was in itself a great wrong. 
Aly object in making this confession is that I 
may receive forgiveness from those I have 
injured, and that it may be used for the cause 
of truth and right when I am gone. It is all 
1 can do now. and it is with great sorrow and 
shame and only from a sense of duty that I 
speak. 

I was made a Mason a score of years ago. 
I did not examine the principles and claims 
of the lodge. I did not care what it was, so 
that I had a good time there and received some 
advantages. When opposition was raised ano 
its principles were discussed I became vexed. 
When opposition was continued and its secrets 
revealed, and when one with whom I was 
already offended, and who I was told had been 
a Mason in the army, and therefore subject 
to our law, opposed it, I became spiteful and 
revengeful. Partly to satisfy my personal mal- 
ice, using the lodge for my base purpose, and 
partly for the sake of the order, I suggested 
to some of the brethren that means should be 
used to silence the leaders in the opposition. 
Different opinions were expressed. Some be- 
heved that the opposition should be met in 
silent contempt. Some claimed that a warn- 
ing would be effectual. Some argued in favor 
of inflicting a light punishment. And some 
declared that the offense of the antimasons 
was like the crime of invading one's country 
or home and trying to destroy it, and therefore 
Masonry should be defended in the same way 
— the death of the invaders or rebels would 
not be murder, but self-defense. 

These conversations took place after the 
regular meetings, and by carefully leaving out 
of the caucuses the best of our members, the 
last party rapidly increased until Dr. Groves 
especially was in great danger. Seeing this, 
and not wishing blood to be shed, and unwill- 
ing to inform him of his danger, and desiring 
some punishment to him, I planned his abduc- 
tion, which was carried out chiefly by mem- 
bers of other lodges, some of whom Groves 
knows, but none of whom I feel at liberty 
to name. The rest of this crime is a matter 
on public record and too well known to need 
relating. 

The only palliation I claim is that I tried to 
save bloodshed ; but this is no palliation for 
me, because it was I who first suggested the 
violence which I felt must be checked. 

I confess that I am guilty of heinous sin 
against our Maker, of crime against the state, 
of gross injustice against Groves, his wife and 
daughter, and my son and many others. I 
humbly confess all, and beg forgiveness. T 
have suffered more than any. I renounce all 
connection with Masonry, and all allegiance to 
it. I warn all who may read this against its 
snares. I request not to l}e buried with the 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



149 



honors of the order when I die, at which time 
this or a part of this, as may be deemed pru- 
dent, may be made public. 

I make this confession in full possession of 
my mental facukies and beheving that I am 
near my death and my Judge, who I beheve 
has forgiven me even as He forgave those 
who plotted against Him and put Him to 
death. Now I have done. Have mercy on 
me, a guilty criminal, but a heartstricken pen- 
itent who has suffered more than his victmis. 

He closed his eyes a moment and 
waited. He was tired and was resting, 
it was true, but also he seemed to be 
praying. Soon he opened his eyes again. 
The three men looked at each other and 
wept. Finally Groves controlled his feel- 
ings so that he could say, as he held out 
his hand : 

''i freely forgive you. I do not blame 
you, but the power that ruled over you 
as with an iron rod." 

Walter could scarcely speak, but 
sobbed out, "And father, you forgive 
me, too?" 

"Yes, but rather beg your forgive- 
ness." 

Hulman asked for a pen, and with a 
trembling hand signed his full name to 
his confession. Then he asked the two 
doctors to sign their names as witnesses, 
and when this was done he added : 

''Now let Dr. Groves keep this paper 
till I am gone, and only tell that between 
us there is friendship. Afterwards, as it 
is my dying request, this paper is to be 
used so as to promote the interests of 
that cause of which Groves is a worthy 
representative. This is all." 

They sat in silence a few seconds, 
and then Groves slowly rose to leave. 

"Doctor, I would like to see Mrs. 
Groves and Edith before I die," said 
Mr. Hulman timidly. 

"They no doubt wish to see you. T 
shall bring them with me tomorrow at 
three o'clock." 

Groves went home, told all he was al- 
lowed to tell and made known Hulman's 
request. Mrs. Groves and Edith readily 
consented to visit him. 

The next day was l^right, clear and 
cool. But Mr. Hulman had grown 
worse during the night. He was con- 
scious and able to speak, but there was 
no hope that he could live another dav. 
A little before three Father Kem1)le 
called according to promise. Soon Dr. 
Groves and family arrived. Hulman 



was the first to speak after their en- 
trance. 

"Mrs. Groves and Edith, can you for- 
give me for all my evil deeds that you 
know, and more, too, when you hear 
them?" 

"Yes, I can and do with all my lieart," 
said Mrs. Groves. 

"And I as freely and fully," added 
Edith. 

"I am glad to come to see you and 
happy to think you are willing to see 
me ; but I am sorry to see you so weak." 

"Edith, I want to see you as my child 
and bless you and Walter as my chil- 
dren before I die. What will hinder 
you from being married now while I 
can see you ? Father Kemble is ready. 
Are -you willing, Doctor and ]\lrs. 
Groves?" 

"Yes," said the doctor. 

"Fll leave it to Walter and Edith," 
said Mrs. Groves. 

"Come, children, please do hear the 
request of your dying father." 

Walter took Edith aside and con- 
versed with her several minutes in a 
low tone, and then placing her hand on 
his arm, as they turned toward the oth- 
ers, said, "We are ready," 

Father Kemble arose and said : 

"Marriage is the union between one 
man and one woman who bind them- 
selves to live together as man and wife 
until they are separated by death. In 
this relation there should be perfect 
unity of heart and mind, with nothing 
to mar or disturb perfect confidence and 
love. In this relation are many mutual 
duties, but they may all be compre- 
hended in one command : 'Love one an- 
other.' Here it is especially manifest 
that 'Love is the fulfilling of the law.' " 

Then, after asking them to join their 
right hands and to promise to live to- 
gether with united hearts, dutifully, 
faithfully and constantly loving and 
helping each other, and praying the 
blessing of the God of families might 
rest on them and those assembled, in all 
their joys and sorrows, in healtli and in 
sickness, during life and at death, lie 
solemnly said : 

'"And now I pronounce you husband 
and wife. 'What, therefore. God hath 
joined together let no man put asund- 
er.' " 



150 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



The congratulations, the well-wishes, 
the kisses and the tears were not merely 
aL wording to form and custom. Every 
oi-e spoke from the heart. All were 
g'ii.d and all were sad. All wept for sor- 
row- and all wept for joy. Hatred and 
lo^e, wrong and forgiveness, trouble 
and peace, happiness and pain, delay and 
haste, mirth and mourning, curses and 
blessings, marriages and death, were 
mingling or had come so close together. 

"And now, children," said the dying 
man very slowly, " 'The Lord keep you 
and be gracious unto you, and bless 
you.' " 

That night, without a fear of evil, 
without a struggle or a pain, in peace, 
in hope, yea, even in joy, and sur- 
rounded by the marriage party, Hulman 
walked through the valley of the shadow 
of death. He was given a Christian 
burial, with the services conducted by 
Father Kemble. His renunciation, but 
not his confession, was made public. 

Walter and Edith are now happy in 
their new and lovely home in Meg- 
apolis. 

Dr. Groves and his wife are still liv- 
ing in peace and contentment in the vil- 
lage of Brandon. 

The local lodge no more troubles 
them. Its charter has been returned. 
Of those who were once its members 
some are silent and some curse the or- 
der. 

4nd this is the end of the beginning 
of the coming conflict which is to rage 
in nearly every village and in every city 
ill the land, until that which has been 
so long spoken in the ear in closets 
shall be proclaimed upon the housetops, 
ur.til the church is freed from the 
iniquity of this mystery, and the state is 
released from the power behind the 
th'/one, and until every one who has 
been bound in the coils of a secret so- 
ciety shall have his bands cut asunder, 
and instead of saying, sensible of his 
bondage, or glorying in his shame, 'T 
am a Freemason," shall be able to say, 
in his glorious liberty : "1 am a free 
man!" 

"For freedom's battle, once begun, 
Bequeath'd by bleeding sire to son, 
Though baffled oft, is ever won." 

THE END. 



SCOFIELD BIBLE STUDY LEAFLETS 

The latest work of Dr. C. L Sco- 
tield, and a practical companion to the 
Scofield Reference Bible. The leaflets, 
54 in number, in two series, cover the 
great truths of Scripture that constitute 
"the faith once for all delivered to the 
saints" (Jude 3). 

The purpose is to present in a cheap 
form a series of Bible lessons arranged 
so as to require first-hand study of the 
Bible itself. 

They are planned for use by Bible 
classes and individuals in personal Bible 
study, in personal work, and to dis- 
tribute as tracts. 

The leaflets are printed on one side 
of a 53>^ by 8j4' inch sheet. Teachers' 
books contain 2"/ lessons (either series), 
interleaved for notes. Prices for leaf- 
lets : series of 27 leaflets at 20c. or at 
8c. per dozen of one lesson (not as- 
sorted). Teachers' Book, 25c. each. 

Letters of inquiry about organizing 
and conducting a class or about doctrinal 
points will, as far as possible, be an- 
swered, provided postage is enclosed. 
Address Philadelphia School of the 
Bible, 1720 Arch street, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 

Rev. Clarence A. Vincent, D. D., 
pastor of the Mount Pleasant Congre- 
gational Church, Washington, D. C, 
says in his book entitled, "Providence in 
America," under the heading, ''The 
Home and America's Future," page 
196 : "The increasing demand of clubs, 
lodges and society upon the time of 
parents is a menace to our homes. Time 
is an essential element in the relation- 
ships of parents and children. Home to 
many a man is a place to eat and sleep 
— a restaurant and lodging house. I 
have often found it true of Christian 
men that the regular engagements of 
business, of lodges and of clubs, leave 
them no evenings of the week at home. 
Five women chosen at random from the 
leading Christian women of a city had 
each, on an average, fourteen engage- 
ments of this kind every week 'during 
the season.' There is no home life in 
such homes. The children must seek 
companionship elsewhere. Such a life 
destroys in the parent the love for home. 
Its associations seem dull. The power 
to appreciate its charms is destroyed." 



September, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



151 



Eitortat 



"THE CRAFT'S THE TRICK." 

A few years ago we copied the Motlier 
Lodge poem of Rudyard Kipling, in 
which Tommy Atkins gives vent to liis 
longing for an evening in a lodge he re- 
members visiting when on military serv- 
ice in India. After lodge routine was 
over, there followed a season of chat 
among the men which drifted toward 
religion, when "Each one fell a'talkin' 
of the god he knowed the best." At 
length the hour grew late, the mixed 
company dissolved, 

''And we each went off to bed 
With Mohammed, God and Shiva 
Changin' pickets in our 'ead." 

With similar appreciation of the qual- 
ities of the Craft, he works out. now 
with sly humor, now with rollicking 
drollery, the story of "The Man Who 
Would Be King." Including it in a se- 
lection from "The World's Greatest 
Short Stories," Sherwin Cody uses this 
one to illustrate that style to which he 
sa,ys Kipling's originality "is confined 
almost entirely,'' since the "secret of 
strength is contrast," and "Kipling uses 
this not only in the construction of his 
stories but in the wording of every sen- 
tence." He also remarks that "In this 
particular device Kipling remains unsur- 
passed, though he has had many im- 
itators." 

''Brother to a prince and fellow to a 
beggar if he be found worthy," is the 
motto at the head of this storv, in which 
we soon encounter one not far from a 
beggar who for a while becomes not far 
from a prince. "If India was filled with 
men like you and me," says this philoso- 
pher, "not knowing more than the crows 
where they'd get their next dav's rations, 
it isn't seven millions of revenue the 
land would be paying — it's se\'en hun- 
dred millions." Just then he wanted to 
"send a telegram back from the next sta- 
tion to Ajmir, the turning off' place from 
the Bombay to the Mhow line as you 
travel westward." 

'T can send your telegram within ten 
days if that will serve you." 

He concludes that he must send by 
"word o' mouth." 

"I would take it more than kind of 



you if you was to come out of Central 
India in time to catch him at Marwar 
Junction and say to him: 'He has gone 
South for the week.' He'll know what 
that means." 

" 'Where have you come from ?' 
<aid I." 

" 'From the East,' said he, 'and 1 am 
hoping that you will give him the mes- 
sage on the Square — for the sake of my 
mother as well as your own. English- 
men are not usually softened by appeals 
to the memory of their mothers : but for 
certain reasons, which will be fully ap- 
parent, I saw fit to agree." 

After various episodes the story brings 
the reader to a distant scene where, after 
temporary separation, the two friends of 
the cabalistic message are together again. 

"Peachey," says Dravot, "we don't 
want to fight no more. The craft's the 
trick." Peachey tells the story to the 
messenger afterward, at stilf another 
place. Dravot announces : "A lodge in 
the third degree I will open, and we'll 
raise the head priests and the chiefs of 
the villages." 

" 'It's against all the law,' I says, 'hold- 
ing a lodge without warrant from anv 
one ; and you know we never held office 
in any lodge.' " 

" 'It's a master stroke o' policv,' <avs 
Dravot." 

For a lodge room they had the temple 
of Imbra. There the candidates were 
assembled. "Then he bangs the butt of 
his gun for a gavel and says: 'By virtue 
of the authority vested in me bv my own 
right hand and the help of Peachev, I de- 
clare myself Grand Master of all Free- 
masonry in Kafristan in this the :\ [other 
Lodge o' the countrv, and King of Kaf- 
ristan equally with Peachey!' At that he 
puts on his crown and I puts on mine— 
I was doing Senior Warden— and we 
opens the lodge in most ample form." 
Then they raised about ten of the hi^di 
priests and chiefs. The first to be raised 
was a chief, "and I can tell vou we 
scared the soul out of him. It was not 
m any way according to Ritual, but it 
served our turn." 

All this, however, should I)e read in 
Its own setting in the storv itself, which 
does not lack the alleged contrast so far 
as droll humor and grewsome tragedy 
are concerned. 



152 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



LEO M. FRANK A SECRET SOCIETY 
VICTIM. 

The shocking murder of Leo 'SI. Frank, 
taken from the state penitentiary farm in 
Georgia and lynched, has all the ear marks 
of the work of a secret society-. If we con- 
sider a moment wc will see that it is not, as 
the papers have reported, the work of a lawless 
mob — a riotous crowd swayed by passion. 
Captain J. AI. Burke, superintendent of the 
state prison farm, dispelled this error when 
he said : 

'"The whole procedure was well ordered and 
methodical and only a few^ words were spoken. 
That evidently was agreed upon. A leader did 
all the talking. Only two of the men were 
masked, but I did not recognize any of them." 
Revenge Sworn at Grave. 

Press comments on the murder seem to 
have lost sight — perhaps purposely — of a dis- 
patch from Georgia which appeared at the 
time when Governor Slaton retired from 
ofifice. TJie Chicago Tribune, under date of 
June 26, said : 

It is reported that a large number of men 
recently met at night at the grave of Mary 
Phagan, the factory girl whose murder led to 
the conviction of Frank, and formed a secret 
society, pledged to avenge her death. 

That this plan was carried out is evidenced 

by the methodical procedure of the lynching 

expedition. The Chicago Herald says that — 

There seemed to be every indication that 
the hanging had been carefully planned. The 
ease with which Frank was removed from the 
state prison farm ; difficulties left in the way 
of pursuers and the sudden disappearance of 
the band after the lynching all pointed to 
thorough preparation. * * * 

Among the men [at Marietta] there was 
evident grim and terrible satisfaction. 

"They did a good job" was the comment, 
spoken in many tones, but with a curious in- 
flection that was always the same. 

Xo man spoke a name. No man had a guess 
to make of where these men came from. No 
man had a hint to drop of who they were — 
or where they had gone. 

Speaking editorially, the Herald continues : 

Frank's alleged crime was at the most an 
individual offense. But the crime of these 
men bears painful witness to the enemy that 
is within our gates as a nation— to the spirit 
that needs to be combated by all the influence 
of public power and public opinion wherever 
and whenever it shows itself. * * * 

Whenever and wherever we have men pro- 
claiming and acting on the principle that there 
is somewhere in this country an authority su- 
perior to that of the law of the land — when- 
ever and wherever we hear measures advo- 
cated calculated to weaken the essential safe- 
guards of representative government — there 
we have, in a diluted form, an exhibition of a 



spirit akin to that which has just put its blood- 
red stain on the record of Georgia. • ■ i '; . 

Such acts are anarchic, to be sure, and the 
society set its decree above that of the state, 
but it is just the situation we may expect (as 
history time and again has proved to be true) 
when men meet in secret places and bind them- 
selves with oaths which they hold sacred, to 
ever conceal and never reveal. Says the 
Pittsburgh Dispatch: 

The mob [society] that is allowed to set its 
belief above the law in one case will not hesi- 
tate to arrogate to itself the same power in 
another. 

It is a notorious fact that the southern re- 
bellion was propagated in the Masonic lodge 
for thirty years before it was an accomplished 
fact and that during that time and for its 
success men were murdered and the criminals 
protected by the lodge. Later, when the Ku- 
Klux-Klan was terrorizing the South, the 
Masonic lodges sheltered the blood-spattered 
disguises of the secret society murderers. 

We will reap as we sow. If we harbor 
societies whose very organizations or laws 
suggest protection from punishment to its 
members, we must not be surprised if we too 
shall face situations like those in Georgia. 
Let us not be satisfied with pointing the finger 
of scorn at the southern commonwealth, but 
seek to rid the land of societies dangerous to 
our national life and of which Charles Francis 
Adams observed : "A more perfect agent for 
the devising and execution of conspiracies 
against Church and State could have scarcely 
been conceived." . 



UNIVERSITY GIRLS' EXPENSES. 

An investigation made at the University of 
Chicago, has shown what the average cost 
of education for a year will be under dif- 
ferent conditions. Some facts may have a 
bearing on the sorority question, although 
hasty conclusions are not confidently advised 
b}' us. Possibly the natural classification must 
itself be regarded, together with relative ex- 
penses before the years of college. Some 
sorority girls may have already lived in ex- 
pensive homes while preparing for admission 
to college. 

Girl sudents in this university spend each 
year an average of $590.95 — virtually five 
hundred and ninety-one dollars. For clothing 
they spend $121.10; for recreation, $79.34; for 
religion and philanthropy, $5.90. The average 
rooming house girl spends in college, $596.00. 
For clothing she spends, out of this amount, 



Sepi ember, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



153 



$135.45; for recreation, $79.34, and for reli- 
gion and philanthropy, $5.15. The annual ex- 
penses of a sorority girl amount to $()75.08 on 
the average. This includes for clothing, 
$176.01; for recreation, $(i9.09; and for re- 
ligion and philanthropy, $7.44. It will then 
appear that the sorority girl spends an average 
of $79.08 more than the rooming house girl, 
of which $41.10 is the larger cost of her 
clothing. How far the discrepancy is due to 
her sorority life, and how far to what ac- 
counts for her being chosen l)y a sorority 
and initiated, is a question which these figures 
do not seem to answer. Other questions also 
arise. Are, there compensating advantages in 
sorority membership which offset the margin 
of cost? Or, on the other hand, are there 
disadvantages which widen the margin of 
real excess of cost, by augmentation which 
cannot be wholly counted in terms of money? 



EFFECTIVE DISCUSSION. 

In order to use a method of reasoning that 
results in conviction, one does well to dis- 
cover the method by which his opponent 
usually reasons. This will guide him in se- 
lecting such proofs as his opponent already 
values. Though they may not be those which 
have most strongly influenced his own judg- 
ment, they can now take precedence because 
not his own but that of the other man is the 
judgment remaining to be influenced. It is 
our impression that personal sources quite as 
much as those providing principles are the 
sources from which minds attracted to secret 
orders derive what they accept as reasons for 
joining. By this we mean that instead of 
looking into the very nature and effect of a 
society, instead of asking whether its prin- 
ciples are right or wrong, they chiefly ask 
who has already joined. From its member- 
ship they infer its character. They judge 
from persons rather than principles. Nor 
can any one sweepingly condemn regard for 
this kind of evidence, which on account of 
the hiding of principles and practices comes 
nearer than usual to being the only evidence 
in reach. - 

Having ascertained this to be the kind of 
evidence which chiefly affects that mind we 
seek to influence, we can bring just this kind 
forward. We can cite the testimony of com- 
petent persons who, having studied the 
society with adequate diligence, have passed 
sound judgment upon its character and ef- 
fects. Some of these have been members 



enjoying as good facilities for ascertaining 
truth about what they found within as others 
who are still there. They are not inferior, 
witnesses. Among the members they would. 
be accounted best qualified b\- intelligence,, 
sound judgment and reliable character. The. 
mere fact that their judgment is ad\erstf, 
cannot be taken as evidence that they have 
degenerated into incompetent witnesses. It 
seems as likely to indicate more com])lete. 
investigation and riper judgment than could 
be credited to them at the earlier time when 
they joined or approved the society, it is an 
universal presumption that a revised judg- 
ment is a more reliable one. An opinion re- 
luctantly and laboriously altered has some- 
thing in favor of its probable degree of cor- 
rectness. 

Let us then set due value on the usefulness 
of preparation to meet people who judge an 
order by its supposed membership, and to use 
their own favorite kind of proof. Men emi- 
nent among their contemporaries and as w-ell 
qualified to speak as others, have spoken. If 
our opponent appeals to men, let us appeal 
to equally competent and reliable men. Nay,' 
more ; let us appeal to the same men, and use. 
iheir testimony as given by themselves to 
offset the testimony about them giveu by 
others. If this is the favorite type of evi- 
dence, and if this is the kind relied upon, 
wisdpm counsels providing an abundance of 
it ; not because to ourselves it is most con- 
clusive, but because when presented to minds 
w^e ought to influence, it is most eff'ective. 



SHRINERS IN SEATTLE. 

There were something like 30,000 
Shriners registered in Seattle, W'ashing- 
ton, and their friends or families prob- 
ably numbered 30.000 more. One of the 
principal avenues in the city was rather 
LUiiquely decorated, as the ^loslem cres- 
cent and scimiter blazing with colored 
lights, surmounted each cluster of elec- 
tric lights on the street, ^lost of the 
"Temples" had with them a band and a 
patrol. The patrol is that portion of the 
members who are drilled for evolutions 
and parade. The patrols wore different 
kinds of uniforms, according to the tastes 
of the several Temples. Alost of the 
uniforms were Arabic, ranging from the 
Bedouin type with white drapery start- 
ing from under the edge of the turban 
and flowing over the shoulders and down 
the back to near the ground, to the 



154 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



bright red garments of the Arabic war- 
riors. All the uniforms were gorgeous 
and seemed to be made of expensive 
materials. As near as we could esti- 
mate, assuming that there were 15,000 
men in the parade, the uniforms must 
have represented an outlay of anywhere 
from $500,000 to $1,000,000 and per- 
haps $1,500.000 — the higher figure prob- 
abl\" would be approximately right if 
each member brought two uniforms, as 
we suppose they must have done. The 
parades were never equaled in this part 
of the country before. It took nearly 
two hours to pass a given point. The 
first parade was on Tuesday morning 
just before the opening session of their 
first conclave. The newspapers told us 
that this parade was intended to repre- 
sent the pilgrimage to Mecca ! ! The 
second parade was on a following night. 
The main difference between the two 
was that in the latter they displayed 
some electrical effects ; for example, sev- 
eral of the patrols wore red incandes- 
cent lights at the base of the right foot 
and green or white lights on the left foot. 
Some wore lights in their turbans and 
the musicians carried on their caps or 
otherwise electric lights. In addition to 
these parades they had a wonderful ex- 
hibition of drill evolutions at Woodland 
Park, at the same time that they had the 
bands massed up there so that 500 in- 
struments were playing the national airs 
together. There were a good many side 
stunts, such as balls, receptions, etc. 

As to the general appearance of the 
men who participated — some of the Tem- 
ples appeared to be made up of gentle- 
men of refinement. A few seemed to be 
made up of very coarse-grained men. 
There was nothing especially noteworthy 
in the appearance of the majority. As 
a class they looked like wideawake busi- 
ness men — all of them seemingly de- 
cidedly worldly minded. Personally we 
didn't see a single drunk wearing a badge 
or uniform. That they drank goes with- 
out saying — we saw fifteen or twenty of 
them going down into a drinking place 
with their arms locked over each others 
shoulders. On the night of the parade 
after they had disbanded a whole patrol 
were seen swarming into a saloon, and 
one of them sang "Nobody Knows How 
Dry I Am." As they had marched some- 



thing like two and a half miles through 
the streets, it was natural that they 
should want some kind of refreshment 
— ^though they went after the wrong 
kind. Nevertheless, for orderliness and 
sobriety the visitors as a whole made a 
good impression. 

On Sunday morning Rev. Dr. Mat- 
thews, a noted pastor and "joiner," of 
the Presbyterian Church, preached a ser- 
mon to the Shriners. He is very ortho- 
dox and never caters to the theistic prin- 
ciples of the lodge when in his pulpit. 



DANGEROUS. NO PASSING. 

Suppose we drop for the moment all 
extreme charges or objections and keep 
within limits where all can agree, or at 
least none ought to deny. For instance, 
we will refrain just now from saying 
that consent to the suppression of Jesus' 
name in lodge prayer is complete repu- 
diation and denial of our Master. For 
the time being, we will not even use so 
strong language as has been employed in 
a protest from within an order itself 
against this unwelcome rule. In our 
present conference let us merely ask 
whether the step thus taken is a step in 
the right direction. Did we honor Him 
before men when "We hid, as it were, 
our faces from him ?" Did we draw the 
nearer to Him in prayer by refusing to 
utter His name? Did we draw others to 
Him by silence concerning Him — studied 
silence ? Are we taking the best road or 
the best direction in which to go, and in 
which to lead those whom we call broth- 
ers? Would it not, after all, be consis- 
tent to set up here the sign — Danger- 
ous. No passing. 

Again, as Christians we have no right 
to trifle with laws and principles that 
relate to the security of chaste and hon- 
orable homes. Adultery ranks with 
murder. Neither is to be thought or 
spoken of but with aversion and horror. 
Sins against love are terrible ; sins against 
home are shocking. But no one can deny 
that chastity in its full meaning is no 
lodge obligation. We refrain here from 
pushing the charge to its extreme limit, 
having agreed to avoid extremes for the 
time being. Yet it is fair to ask whether 
a mere bargain between men who have 
taken, not one degree, not two degrees, 
but a third one, is not rather limited for 



September, 1915, 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



155 



making the best impression. Is such a 
path toward morality quite straight ? 
What if someone whom we lead in by 
our example does, for himself, infer a 
complete construction — or, if you prefer, 
let us say an extreme construction of the 
terms of the rule. That has surely hap- 
pened. Suppose him to be more im- 
pressed by the restriction ''knowing them 
to be" sisters or other near relatives of 
members of this degree, than by any- 
thing else in the obligation, what then ? 
In what direction have we been leading 
him? Is it not safe and prudent to set 
up here the sign — Dangerous. No pass- 
ing. 

Once more, let it be freely conceded 
that the obligation to keep criminal se- 
crets, since it does not apply to secrets 
merely detected but pinches only where 
it applies to secrets communicated by a 
memljer as a member, may never happen 
to put us into a corner. Is it then quite 
the way to seek safe and honorable 
paths, that way we take when we select 
paths that have such concealed corners 
and possible turns in them? Does the 
way to perfect honor and virtue lie in 
that direction? Is this as safe a way as 
we can find in which to lead our friends? 
Tone this obligation down as much as 
you try to think possible ; minimize the 
chances it involves as much as you hope 
events in your individual life will admit ; 
and still such pledges have an undesir- 
able sound. Thev do not too well fit the 
lips of men sensitive in conscience and 
honor. They do not more securely 
guard against debasing entanglements. 
This is not the direction in which to go 
in order to make more certain the hope 
that we shall "be not partakers of other 
men's sins." Whatever actually results, 
are such things good to say ; and is tak- 
ing any risky moral chance, or swearing 
to any risky pledge, quite consistent with 
the rule "Safety First"? It will at least 
not look badly out of place if the sign 
stands here — Dangerous. No passing. 



TEST CASE CONCLUDED. 

The United States Supreme Court has 
finally handed down a decision sustain- 
ing that of the state supreme court of 
Mississippi in the recently appealed case 
relating to a condition of admission to 



the state university. Against one of the 
admission requirements, an applicant for 
admission into the law department pro- 
tested. Having belonged to a fraternity 
in another college where he obtained his 
degree of A. B., he refused to sign the 
usual pledge to abstain from secret so- 
ciety affiliation during the period of law 
study in the state university. He also 
brought suit, grounding it on alleged 
abridgement of his right to liberty and 
pursuit of happiness guaranteed by state 
and federal constitutions. He held the 
law to be not valid because not constitu- 
tional. 

The courts of Mississippi, including 
the supreme court of that state, having 
stood by the university or the legislature 
of their state, he appealed to the United 
States Supreme Court as one always to 
be "presumed to know something." That 
court does not deny his right to liberty. 
Neither does it dispute his privilege of 
pursuing happiness. What it appears to 
collide with is the unfledged law stu- 
dent's notion that, once a state has pro- 
vided buildings for an educational insti- 
tution and has also arranged for the con- 
tinued contribution of public funds for 
its support, the constitution requires the 
commonwealth to end its work right 
there. Any law enacted by the legislature 
naming conditions in accordance with 
which its benefits will be available, is 
unconstitutional — at least it becomes so 
at the point where it conflicts with a rule 
put forth by an undergraduate or a fresh 
applicant. Not the legislature, nor yet 
the faculty, should arrange terms of ad- 
mission but, rather, the youth to be ad- 
mitted. Probably he ought also to ar- 
range the curriculum. In his presence 
the faculty and the legislature should 
observe dutiful silence and forbear to 
meddle with their own institution. Else 
what are constitutions for and what is 
the use of an A. B. diploma]^ 

No doubt he will learn law elsewhere 
and in due time become a great light 
among constitutional lawyers. Yet he 
will seek far before finding a law school, 
or any other, which will not sooner allow 
applicants free range to enjoy liberty 
and pursue happiness in all the room 
left outside, rather than permit them to 
dictate what shall be done inside. 



156 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



"ET TU BRUTE?" 

One of the most remarkable political 
changes of a period in which political 
events have not been devoid of interest 
is the tremendous advance of legislation 
against saloons. These noxious weeds 
infesting the helds of legitimate business 
are threatened with universal extirpa- 
tion. There is probably but little terri- 
tory on which any saloon stands now 
secure of its permanent lease of posses- 
sion and insured of its own existence. 
Coming events of such magnitude must 
cast shadows before : not foes of the 
dangerotis business alone, but its friend^i 
also will show their recognition of so 
new and overwhelming an alteration of 
important and influential conditions. The 
liquor interests have not been idle, but 
like the temperance advocates, have tried 
to conduct a campaign of education, 
analogous in form and spirit to a mili- 
tarist campaign of education. Along 
with this, incidental signs of recognition 
may be expected to flash sidelights on 
the shifting scene. 

A recent news item has led to these 
reflections. It has shined out suddenly 
against a peculiarly black and solid back- 
ground. The history of Knight Tem- 
plarism is engraved on a "tablet of ebony. 
Xot alone of a knight of crusading times 
has it been natural to remark, "He 
drinks like a Templar," recent triennial 
conclaves have been carnivals of drink- 
ing as well as of licentious debauchery. 
The "Christian Knights'' parading the 
cross have stolen the "livery of the court 
of heaven to serve the Devil in" after 
a manner to add emphasis to that famil- 
iar quotation. Only a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago the head of the Medford Rum 
manufactory could ride, honored by the 
brethren, at the head of a great com- 
mandery in its march along the streets 
of the most famous state capital in New 
England. From the Pacific to the At- 
lantic coast a carload of wine crossed 
the whole continent, drawn by the tri- 
ennial attraction. Arriving at its des- 
tination, it mingled with a deluge that 
was like a tidal wave on the eastern 
shore. The scenes enacted there may 
have been more flagrant — or may, rather, 
have been better reported — than those 
witnessed in other cities every three 
years when, with brass bands playing 



''Onward, Christian Soldiers," the in- 
vading Knights have marched to the 
moral devastation of new fields sancti- 
moniously ravaged. " . ' ■ '' ' 

The news item in question appeared 
in a leading religious journal, which 
neglected to notice that it did not include 
the slightest allusion to drinking "like a 
Templar," unless, perchance, drinking is 
to be construed as holding an indirect 
relation, or even a fairly direct one, to 
the liquor business. We copy it entire. 

A resolution was passed by the Grand Com- 
mandery of Pennsylvania, Knights Templar, 
at its recent session in Philadelphia, which 
makes any man connected with the liquor 
traffic, either "directly or indirectly," inelieible 
for membership in a Pennsylvania command- 
ery. Men already connected with the sale or 
manufacture of liquors are not affected by this 
new rule. 

Neither are men who drink. For drinking 
Templars, who are numerous, it is not a rule ; 
for men who sell liquor in Pennsylvania, and 
for men who distill liquor in that state, the 
rule is a belated new one. 



CHIPS. 

We cannot be saved by works. 

We cannot remain saved without 
works. 

St. James calls a faith without works 
devilish. " . ' - . ■ .^ 

Faith without works and works with- 
out faith — useless. 

Faith and works. Faith is the cause. 
Works is the efl"ect. 

We can do nothing towards our sal- 
vation, but much towards damnation. 

To do good without faith, or to be- 
lieve without doing good, spells damna- 
tion. 

St. Paul says : "We are saved by 
faith without works." He speaks then 
of justification. 

St. James says : "We are not saved 
by faith alone, but by works." He 
speaks then of sanctification. 

To speak of self-contradiction in 
God's word here — as elsewhere — is 
caused by misunderstanding or malice. 

Nothing is plainer : When the ques- 
tion is how are we saved the answer is, 
"By faith in Christ's work, without our 
merit." 

When the question is how does my 
faith show that it is the saving faith 
the answer is, "By works. Faith with- 
out works is dead" (not saving). 

(Rev.) B. E. Bergeson. 



September. 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



157 



fletti0 of @ur tf ori 

IOWA CONVENTION. 

The Iowa Christian x\ssociation pro- 
poses to hold a state convention in the 
Christian Reformed Church, at Pella, 
Rev. C. De Leeuw, pastor, on (Jctol:>er 
19th and 20th. (Any change in date will 
be given in the October number of the 
Cynosure. ) 

There will be four sessions, and an 
excellent program is being arranged. 
There will be two addresses in the Hol- 
land language. Rev. Mead A. Kelsey, 
formerly of Oskaloosa, our new Field 
Agent and Lecturer, is expected to be 
present and assist. 

Friends in Iowa wishing to attend the 
convention will please correspond with 
Rev. M. A. Malcolm, Albia ; Rev. A. H. 
Brat. Otle}-. and Rev. Charles T. Moore, 
Indianola, Iowa, concerning entertain- 
ment or programs or concerning other 
matters connected with the work of the 
convention. 



INDIANA CONVENTION. 

We only know that it is proposed to 
hold a couAention in Peru probably dur- 
ing this month and that Rev. Mead A. 
Kelsey expects to devote as much of his 
time as possible to the interests of this 
meeting. We shall endeavor to send 
programs to our readers as soon as they 
are prepared and printed. 



Secretary William I. Phillips visited 
Paxton, Illinois, on business and had 
some interesting and we trust helpful 
interviews with a number of people dur- 
ing the half day of his visit and besides 
distributing tracts and securing a small 
contribution to the Work, he had one 
interview with the pastor that seemed to 
him to be worth the time and expense 
of the visit if he had done nothing else. 
A new reader of the Cynosure was se- 
cured, one who had never heard of the 
work of the National Christian Associa- 
tion. \\'hat a great work does this sue^- 
gest is possible for every reader of the 
Cynosure to do for the pastors and 
Christian workers in his town and vicin- 
ity. Duties in the office have kept Sec- 
retary Phillips very close to his desk 
during the remainder of the past month. 



REPORT OF EASTERN SECRETARY. 

REV. W. B. STODDARD. 

As the time draws near for the Ohio 
State Meeting there are indications that 
much blessing is to come with this gath- 
ering. In the absence of the pastor 
your representative has been invited to 
fill the pulpit of the church in which 
we are to meet, Sabbath morning and 
evening, August 22nd. I am to speak 
in the Covenanter church at Xorthwood 
on the evening of the seventeenth. They 
are with us in our work, of course. Rev. 
Hargrave, the pastor, has accepted chair- 
manship of the committee on resolutions. 

It was about thirty years ago that I 
first gave antisecrecy lectures in this 
church. Wishing to phone yesterday I 
chanced to hear one of the members 
talking to another regarding the Con- 
vention, and myself. One of them said, 
referring to myself, "He has grown so 
stout I did not know him." It must be 
that antisecrecy work is healthy. 

I was enabled to fill the program for 
lectures given in my last report. Pastor 
Lembke, and the good friends of Trinity 
Lutheran Church, Salem. Ohio, stood by 
faithfully. There were more present at 
the lecture this year than last at the 
Central Brethren church, Louisville, 
and more subscriptions to the Cynosure 
were secured. The Sabbath I spent at 
Canton, Ohio, was one of blessing. In 
the Wesleyan Methodist church in the 
morning and in the L^nited Evangelical 
church in the evening, I was permitted 
to give antilodge addresses to good 
sized audiences. Our good friend, 
Brother McLeister of the Wesleyan 
church is recovering from an affliction. 
May God bless him. He is faithful in 
giving antilodge testimony. 

My arrival at the district ^lissouri 
Lutheran Synod in Cleveland, Ohio, was 
too late to' accomplish the most good. 
The president received me kindly and 
announced that I would speak at the 
close of the afternoon session. I soon 
discovered they had too full a program 
to give much opportunity for my ad- 
dress. Some sul3scribed for the Cyno- 
sure, and all, of course, were friendly. 
The attendance at the synod was very 
large. 

While in Cleveland I was the guest 
of Rev. G. 1. A'an de Riet of the Chris- 



158 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915. 



tian Reformed church. I hope to com- 
ply with his request to return and lec- 
ture. 

AMiat a time I did have in Holmes 
County, Ohio ! I was there four days, 
spoke four times, and gathered fifty 
new subscribers to the Cynosure. The 
good ]\Iennonite friends there enter- 
tained me well, taking me around in 
their automobiles and said I must come 
again. I spoke in the Martin's Creek, 
the ^^'alnut Creek, and the Sugar Creek 
Mennonite churches. There are many 
hills and some creeks (especially this 
year), in that country. The proposed 
meetings for Pandora, Ohio, did not ma- 
terialize. They reported that they were 
having too many meetings to crowd in 
another. 

I will go, God willing to Pataskala, 
Ohio, to address the Ohio Conference 
of the Weslyan brethren soon to meet 
there. I expect to send the report of a 
stirring state convention here at Belle 
Center in my next report. 



REPORT OF SOUTHERN AGENT. 

REV. F. J. DAVIDSON. 

Dear Cynosure: 

Although somewhat indisposed, I have 
put in a very prosperous month, having 
preached twenty-one sermons and deliv- 
ered ten lectures, in each of which I re- 
vealed the wickedness of secret societies. 

I had the pleasure of addressing a 
ministers' meeting on the lodge cjuestion 
at Plymouth Rock church, Placjuemine, 
Louisiana, and showed that all oath- 
bound secret societies with their Baal 
worship are profane and dangerous. 

Revs. W. W. Georgetown, A. M. 
Jones, A. L. Davis and L. C. Washing- 
ton stood up in defence of Bible truth, 
and declared that the lodges are spiritu- 
ally and financially wrecking the Church 
and sowing discord in the home. Rev. 
L S .Jones said that he was a lodge man, 
but that he did not countenance the evils 
of lodges, nor does he put the lodge on 
a footing with the Church. He thought 
the lodge very good in its place, but ad- 
mitted that there were many objection- 
able features which ought to be elimi- 
nated. 

Rev. C. H. Randall attempted to cham- 
pion the cause of the lodges, but, like 
all other champions of the works of 



darkness, he was unable to score one 
point from God's Word in its favor. 
Every plant not planted by our Father 
shall surely be rooted up. The lodge is 
the work of the Devil, and is well cal- 
culated to deceive the unsuspecting. Af- 
ter recess Rev. Mr. Randall said to me 
that the promoters of the National Chris- 
tion Association, the Christian Cyno- 
sure and their supporters are crafty per- 
jurers and speculators; but I assured 
his that he was in error, as I knew that 
the organizers of the N. C. A. were 
among the purest and most consecrated 
of Christians, and that they were the 
best friends that the negro race ever had. 
I assured him that such lifelong philan- 
thropic abolitionists as Pres. Johnathan 
Blancherd, Ezra A. Cook, Henry L. 
Kellogg, J. Franklin Browne, Philo Car- 
penter, Wendell Phillips, Lloyd Garri- 
son, James P. Stoddard, Wm. I. Phillips 
and other such great and noble charac- 
ters were the organizers of the N. C. A., 
and were incapable of anything tinged 
with speculation. I think I finally con- 
vinced him of the earnest efi:'orts of the 
N. C. A. workers, who are laboring at 
a great personal sacrifice for a very un- 
popular reform wholely for the better- 
ment and uplift of humanity. Rev. Mr. 
Randall is a very nice young man, but 
is blinded by the deceitfulness and 
hypocrisy of the cunning secret lodges. 
He declared that he would not be a 
disciple of the Cynosure, but I am pray- 
ing that his eyes be opened to see and 
obey the whole truth. He is a pastor 
of a very good church in Seymourville, 
and the people have confidence in him. 
What a power for God and his race he 
would be if he would stand on high 
ground and preach the whole gospel of 
separation ! 

Mrs. White, president of the Wom- 
an's Auxiliary Conference, also attempt- 
ed to champion the lodge cause, but she 
also proved a failure in measuring Bible 
truth with lodge error and folly. She 
declared, however, that her church is 
first, but the Bible says "Ye cannot serve 
two masters." 

I visited Garyville, La., and preached 
for Rev. A. J. Favors and Rev. R. D. 
Wilson. The night on which I preached 
for Rev. Mr. Favors, instead of accom- 
panying me to his church he went to his 



September, 1915. 



CVIRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



159 



lodge meeting, and just reached the 
church as we were about to dismiss the 
service. This does not speak well for a 
young shepherd of God's flock. Dur- 
ing my sermon there was much disorder. 
Secret lodges, of which a gentleman 
named fifteen to me in Garyville, are 
very strong, and ignorance, immorality 
and wickedness are unlimited. 

At Rev. Mr. Wilson's church the peo- 
ple were far more orderly and paid close 
attention. Rev. Mr. Wilson has had a 
great deal of opposition, but now he has 
the leading church. Truth crushed to 
earth will rise. 

I next visited Paulina, La., and 
preached for Rev. T. Allen, who has 
been pastor there for twenty-seven years. 
At one time he was an out-and-out anti- 
secretist, but lodge influences were so 
strong that not only has he joined the 
Masons, but he has also organized a 
lodge tabernacle and built a lodge hall 
next door to his home. He admitted, 
however, that his most powerful and ef- 
fective w^ork was done before he joined 
the lodge. He also admitted that the 
lodges are injuring the churches. 

The lodges are earnestly at work per- 
secuting, abusing and misrepresenting 
me in White Castle, and trying to stiffle 
the life out of my little church. We 
were compelled to excommunicate three 
of the eighteen members last night for 
rebellion against the truth. The church 
has agreed to ask Sister Lizzie Woods 
Roberson to assist me in an antisecrecy 
conference here in September, provided 
friends will finance it. About twenty or 
more ministers have promised to attend. 
Pray for me. 



"LIZZIE WOODS' LETTER." 

Dear Cynosure: 

T came to Waco, Texas, on July /th 
to attend the state holiness meet- 
ing. The meeting was held in a large 
tabernacle, owned by the Knights of 
Tabor, a colored secret society. The 
building is a large wooden structure 
built with open sides like a great tent, 
and seats 2,000 people. This building is 
situated in a small park, about four acres 
in size. I stayed there ten davs, and 
there w^ere more than 4,000 people pres- 
ent each night. The last night I gave 



out tickets to get a chance to count them, 
and there were 7,091 on the grounds and 
in the house. I never saw people so 
anxious to hear the gospel. 

I taught the Bible each day while the 
women's meeting was in session. I 
found many good women who had 
learned to live holy lives through the 
teaching of our little white mother 
whom God sent to us from the Xorth, 
Sister J. P. Moore, the editor of the 
little paper called Hope. I never find 
many women and men belonging to Sis- 
ter Moore's Bible Band taking up much 
time with lodges. Most of the men and 
women up here who really love God 
ow^e their start in real Christianity to 
Sister Moore. She gave to us what 
Jesus gave to the Jew^s in John 8:31-32. 
She saw that 'Tf ye abide in my Word 
* * * ye shall know the truth and 
the truth shall make you free." Thank 
God for our dear little mother from the 
North : and, dear white brethren in the 
North, we are also thanking God for you. 
My pastor, Eld. J. C. Ballte, of Pine 
Blufif, Ark., told me before he died that 
the N. C. A. caused 800 preachers in 
the state of Arkansas to come out of 
their lodges in one year. Was not that 
wonderful? 

Waco has her share of lodges, and we 
are giving out tracts to correct this evil. 
I lectured to-night against ''Secret Idol 
Worship," and showed the people the 
Masonic ritual, and they were dumb- 
founded ; but not a white man nor a 
colored man answered. One woman 
said : ''Sister you are right about these 
lodges. When they meet right here in 
this park for their annual meeting it is 
the cesspool of hell. The men and 
women drink and drink and lie around 
on the grass half drunk for most of the 
night. It is the worst place in the 
world." I said : "Well, every place I 
go to in Tennessee, Louisiana, Arkansas 
or Texas the people all say, 'Sister Rob- 
erson, this is the worst place in the 
world.' Yes, Jesus said that, 'as the 
days of Noah were, so shall it be when 
the Son of man comes.' \Tolence has 
filled the earth." 

I was in the rear of the building one 
night at Waco and was telling a Mason 
about his wicked oaths. He said that 



160 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



September, 1915., 



they didn't swear to all that. I was 
handing out traets, and just handed him 
the obligations. He looked at it and 
laughed and winked at the other men 
and said: "]\Iy good sister, go on back 
and sing that pretty song you w^ere sing- 
ing a few minutes ago." It w^as very 
amusing to see all the Masons get to- 
gether and talk in low voices and look 
at the woman with the books that told 
all they had ever done in the lodge. 

I then went to Dallas and stayed there 
ten days making house to house visits 
and teaching the Bible. At the Temple 
I lectured three nights on the "Sin of 
Secret Societies," and gave out tracts. 
I kept my "ritual" on the table where 
anyone might look at it or buy, if they 
liked. One man said that he was born 
and reared in the West Indies and was 
a Roman Catholic until last year, when 
he realized that the Catholic chtirch was 
only a form of worship. He said that 
there were three churches in the West 
Indies : Episcopalian, Catholic and Ma- 
sonic. I said : "Do you call Masonry a 
church?" He said: "Yes, they have 
their Chaplain, and observe the paschal 
supper in one of the higher degrees just 
as the other churches observe the Lord's 
Supper. But Masonry and the Catholic 
church are only forms of religion, with- 
out the real Christ spirit." 

The people are beginning to see that 
the lodges are wricked. I told them that 
bomb-throwing and dynamiting and 
night-riding all came from the different 
secret societies. 

I w^as giving out tracts one night at 
Dallas and a man said to me : "What 
are these tracts called 'Free Masonry' 
for?" I said that they were sent out to 
me to give out to the public, just as I 
had to him. He turned red and said : 
"Who sent them?" I showed him on 
the tracts that he had in his hand the 
name and address of the N. C. A. He 
said that he was going to wt'ite you. I 
told him that you would be glad to get 
his letter. He said: "Well, I don't see 
w^hat they mean." I told him that if he 
would write you, you would tell him 
what you mean. 

Xo one has tried to harm me as yet. 
Pray for me. 

Yours for Christ's service, 

Lizzie W. Roberson. 



We regret not being able to present 
the monthly letter expected from our 
Nebraska agent, Mr. Charles V. Farn- 
ham. He has been giving considerable 
time to house to house tract work during 
the last half of August. This month he 
returns to college. 



Northwood, Iowa, August 4, 191 5. 
Editor Cynosure: 

At a joint conference in Forest City, 
July 27-29, 191 5, the Albert Lea Special 
Conference of the Norwegian Synod 
and the St. Ausgar Pastoral Conference 
of the United Church (about 40 pas- 
tors) passed the following resolution: ' 

In reference to the question: "What 
shall a Lutheran pastor do with refer- 
ence to lodge funerals?" these confer- 
ences answered: (i) Since lodges are 
religious institutions, (2) since in, their 
religious ceremonies they deny Christ, 
and (3) since in funerals they perform 
religious acts and ceremonies ; therefore 
no Lutheran pastor can in any way take 
part in a lodge funeral where the lodge 
takes part as a lodge. 

(Rev.) O. T. Lee. ■ 



A PARABLE. 

It happened once that a man ran past 
Socrates armed with an axe. He was in 
pursuit of another who was running 
from him at full speed. : 

"Stop him! Stop him!" he cried. 

Plato's master did not move. 

"What !" cried the man with the axe — 
"could'st thou not have barred his way? 
He is an assassin !" 

"An assasin? What meanest thou?" 

"Play not the idiot! An assasin is a 
man who kills." " >- 

"A butcher, then?" 

"Old fool ! A man who kills another 
man." 

"To be sure! A soldier." ' • -' ^- «:• 

"Dolt ! A man who kills another man 
in time of peace." - ' -- 

"I see — the executioner." 

"Thou ass ! A man who kills another 
in his home." 

"Exactly. A physician." 

Upon which the man with the axe 
fled — and is running still. — La Terre. 



In measure as I make my religion rea- 
sonable my reason becomes religious. 



STANDARD WORKS 

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STANDARD BOOKS 



ON FREEMASONRY 



MASONIC TEMPLES. 

A, clear discussion of the religion of Masonry, 
by Pres. C. A. Blanchard. Contents: What is a 
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Religion. The Lodge Bible Not the Christian 
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Religion. Who or What is the Masonic God^ 
The Roman Pantheon. Lodge Morals and 
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FREEMASONRY: An Interpretation. 

By Martin L. Wagner, pastor of St. Johns 
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Gerberding, D. D., professor of Practical Theol- 
ogy in the Theological Seminary of the Evan- 
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This is a new book, and is a candid discussion 
of the institution Freemasonry, and offers an 
interpretation of its veiled expressions, art, 
speech, religion and ethics, and of its symbols, 
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In the light of sources from which these claim 
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MASONIC TEMPLES. 

A clear discussion of the religion of Masonry, 
by Pres C. A. Blanchard. Contents- What is a 
SX^i^J ^r^i ^^^^/ Religions but the Chr s fan 
Bib! "^ Th7te Lodge Bible Not the Christian 
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Religion. Who or What is the Masonic GodI 
The Roman Pantheon. Lodge Morals anj 
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nunured. 



HANDBOOK OF FREEMASONRY 

By Edmond Ronayne, Past Master of 
Keystone Lodge, No. 639, Chicago. This book 
gives the work and ritual of Blue Lodge 
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in the Lodge-room,, order of opening and clos- 
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CHAPTER DEGREES. 

This book gives the opening, closing, secret 
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illustrations. It gives the correct method of 
conferring the degrees and the proper manner of 
conducting the business of the Lodge. The 
"secret work" is given in full, including the 
oaths, obligations, signs, grips and passwords. 
All of which are correct and can be relied upon. 
The accuracy of this work has been attested by 
high and unimpeachable Masonic authority. 
Cloth, $1.25; paper cover, 75 cents. 

SCOTCH RITE MASONRY ILLUSTRATED 

The complete ritual of the Scottish Rite, 4th 
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Rite by President J. Blanchard of Wheaton Col- 
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hundred accurate quotations from the highest 
Masonic authorities (three hundred and ninety- 
nine of them foot-notes) show the character and 
object of these degrees and also afford incontro- 
vertible proof of the correctness of the ritual. The 
work is issued in two volumes and comprises 
1038 pages. Per set (2 vols.), cloth, $3.00. Per 
set, paper cover, $2.00. 

KNIGHT TEMPLARISM ILLUSTRATED. 

A full illustrated r tual of the six degrees 
of the Council and Commandery, comprising the 
degrees of Royal Master, Select Master, Super- 
excellent Master, Knight of the Red Cross, Knight 
Templar and Knight of Malta. A book of 341 
pages, in cloth, $1.50, paper, $1.00. 

EXPLANATORY. 
"Handbook of Freemasonry" and "Chap- 
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Illustrated" give the 13 degrees of the York 
Rite. There are 33 degrees in the Scotch 
Rite, but the first three degrees as given ' 
in the "Handbook of Freemasonry" belong 
to both the York and Scotch Rites. These 
five books give 43 different degrees without 
duplicating. 



MISCELLANEOUS 

MODERN' SECRET SOCIETIES. 

By Charles A. Blanchard. D. D., President 
Wlieaton College, President National Christian As- 
sociation. Ex-President Sabbath Association of 
Illinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and especially 
intended for ministers and teachers. 

Part first answers objections and clears away 
the obstacles to a candid consideration of the 
fundamental questions involved. Part second 
treats of Freemasonry as the key to the whole 
subject. Part third relates to subsidiary organ- 
izations. — industrial, insurance, temperance and 
other lodges. Part fourth considers important 
questions growing out of this discussion. 820 
pages. Paper, 50 centsrcloth, 75 cents; leather, 
$1.00. 

FOLLY, EXPENSE AND DANGER OF SE- 
CRET SOCIETIES. 

By Charles A. Blanchard, President of Whea- 
ton College. They may be rudely classified as 
religious ; e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfel- 
lowship, the Knights of Pythias, etc. ; political, a© 
the Know-Nothings, Knights of the Golden Circle, 
the Order of American Deputies, the Ku Klv^ 
Klan, the White League, etc. ; industrial, as th^ 
unions of carpenters, bricklayers, conductors, en 
gineers, etc. ; insurance, as the Royal Arcanum, t]^-; 
Modern Woodmen, the Order of the Iron Hall, tl4' 
Order of United American Mechanics, etc. ; an'C* 
social, as the college fraternities. 5 cents. 

8EVISED ODDFELLOWSHIP ILL IT 3^ 

TRATED. 

The complete revised ritual of the Lodge, 
Encampment and Rebekah (ladies') degrees. By 
a Past Grand Patriarch. Profusely illustrated, 
and guaranteed to be strictly accurate, with a 
Bketch of the origin, history and character of 
the order, over one hundred foot-note quotations 
from standard authorities, showing the character 
and teachings of the order, and an analysis of each 
degree by President J. Blanchard. This ritual 
corresponds exactly with the "Charge Books" fur- 
nished by the Sovereign Grand Lodge. Cloth, 
$1.50: Daoer cover, $1.00. 

REVISED REBEKAH RITUAL, ILLUS- 

TRATED. 

Revised amended oflacial "Ritual for Rebekah 
Lodges, published by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, 
I. O. O. F.," with the "unwritten" (secret) work 
added and the official "Ceremonies of Insti- 
tuting Rebekah Lodges, and Installation of Officers 
of Rebekah Lodges." 35 cents. ' 

REVISED KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS RIT- 
UAL. 

An exact copy of the new official ritual 
adopted. by the Supreme Lodge of the World, with 
the secret work added and fully illustrated. Cloth, 
75 cents; paper cover, 35 cents. 

MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA RIT- 
UAL. 

Complete revised official ritual of the Bene- 
ficiary and Fraternal degrees (illustrated), with 
"unwritten" or secret work, installation, funeraJ 
ceremonies, odes and hymns. 35 cents. 

A. O. U. W. RITUAL. 

The secret ceremonies, prayers, songs, etc., 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen have 
been taken from the columns of the Christian Cyno- 
sure and published in pamphlet form. Whilie not 
strictly accurate, it is substantially true, and as 
such is vouched for by Rev. S. A. Scarvie, of 
Decorah, Iowa (R. F. D. 6), a very excellent 
*^,hristian gentleman, and a seceder for conscience' 
ake from this order. 10 cents. 

BEVISED BED MEN RITUAL, 

The complete illustrated ritual <rf Wae Improved 
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«>ap«r, 35 ceats^ 



ROYAL NEIGHBORS OF AMERICA 

» 
1899 Ritual as printed by J. W. Franks & 

Sons, Peoria, Illinois. This order is the fe- 
male auxiliary of the Modern Woodmen of 
America. 10 cents. 

GOOD TEMPLARISM ILLUSTRATED 

A full and accurate exposition of the de-, 
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engravings shojwing the signs, grips; etc. 25 
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FARMER'S EDUCATIONAL AND CO-OP- 

ERATIVE UNION OF AMERICA 

Initiation ceremonies; obligation; final 
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i 

EXPOSITION OF THE GRANGE 

Edited by Rev, A. W. Geeslin. Illustrated 
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THE FORESTERS ILLUSTRATED. 

The complete ilustrated ritual v\^ith Installa- 
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Paper cover, 35 cents each. 

KNIGHTS OF THE MACCABEES IL- 
LUSTRATED. 

The complete illustrated ritual and secrets of 
the order as used in 1880. 
Paper cover, 35 cents each. 

SECRET societ;[es illustrated. 

Comprising the so-called' "secrets" (the 
signs, grips, pass-words, emblemii^ etc.) of 
Freemasonry (Blue Lodge and to the thirteenth 
degree of the American Rite, a;ad the Scottish 
Rite), Adoptive Masonry (the Eastern Star), 
Oddfellowship (Lodge, Encampment, and Re- 
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Honor, United Sons of Industry, Knights of 
Pythias, and the Grange. Over 250 cuts; 99 
pages; paper cover, 35 cents. 

secret societies, ancient and Mod- 
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Contents : The Antiquity of Secret Societies, 
The Ltfe of Julian, The Eleusinian Mysteries, The 
Origin of Masonry, Was Washington a Mason? 
Filmore's and Webster's Deference to Masonry in 
the United States, The Tammany Ring, Masonic 
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COLLEGE SECRET SOCIETIES. 

Their customs, character, and efforts for their 
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and edited by H. L. Kellogg. 25 cents. 

BETWEEN TWO OPINIONS. 

By Miss E. E. Flagg, author of "Little People," 
"A Sunny Life," etc. Every one who loves to 
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should read this book upon the power of secret 
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ODDFELLOWSHIP A RELIGIOUS INSTI- 
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times cbattdc and men change with tbem, 

Tor still the Hew allures, 
tbeir purpose falters ever, 

no plan of tbeirs endures; 
Strangeldods demand tbeir worship, 

Strange creeds that come and gO; 
men's thoughts and men's opinions 

J\n tides that ebb and flow. 
On ever-shifting currents 

their minds drift to and fro, 
their wao'ring wills are shaken 

By all the winds that blow. 
But steadfast as the mountains 

Jfnd surer than the sea 
Hnd fixed as are the heavens,— 

God is and God shall be. 

— Hnnle Johnson Tlint. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

Published Monthly by the National Christian 
Association. 



JAMES EDWIN PHILLIPS ' 

Managing Editor. 

850 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 

PRICE — Per year, in advance, $1.00; three 
months, on trial, twenty-five cents; single 
copies, ten cents. 

PRESENTATION COPIES — Many persons sub- 
scribe for the Christian Cynosure to be sent 
to FRIENDS. In such cases, if we are advised 
that a subscription is a present and not regu- 
larly authorized by the recipient, we will 
make a memorandum to discontinue at ex- 
piration, and to send no bill for the ensuing 
year. 
Entered as Second-class matter May 19, 1897, 

at the Post Office at Chicago, 111., under Act of 

March 3, 1879. 



CONTENTS 



The Christian's Relation to Secrecy, by - 

Rev. F. L. Hayden, D. D., Ph. D...... 161 

Alasonry and the Book of Revelation.... 163 

The Greatest and Best Men of All Ages, 

by Pres. C. A. Blanchard, D. D. 165 

Blue Goose in Ohio— Cleveland News... 170 
No Free Schools for Masonic Orphans — 

Chicago Daily News .■ 170 

Acid_ Thrower Alleged Union Agent — 

Chicago Tribune 170 

The Batavia Tragedy, by Charles Francis 

Adams 171 

Stocks for Boy Scouts—Cleveland News. . 174 
A Church Fraternal League, Constitution 

• and By-laws 175 

Labor Slugger Confesses— C/z/ra.f/o Trib- 
une 176 

Elks Grand Lodge Convention — Observa- 
tions of a Member— The Elk's Antler.. 177 
Elks Make Small Gains— Th^ Elk's Antler 178 
Possum Hunters — San Francisco Daily 

News ■ 178 

The G. A. R.— Religious Services .... 179 

Editorial : 

The Old , Number 180 

, Odd-Fellow Membership 180 

Death in Prison 180 

^acts 180 

Substituted Cleavage 181 

Gift to the University 181 

The Shame of Georgia 182 

A Probable Impression 182 

Edward Brace — Obituary 185 

News of Our Work : 

New York-New Jersey Convention 183 

Iowa Convention 183 

Report of Field Agent, Rev, Mead A. 

Kelsey 184 

Eastern Secretary's Report, Rev. W. B. 

Stoddard 185 

"Lizzie Woods' Letter" 186 

Report of Southern Agent, Rev. F. J. 

Davidson 187 



Ohio Statje Convention, Secretarv's Min- 
utes ...... . : 188 

Ohio Convention Letters 190 

Report of Eld. G. B. Crockett '.'.'. 19^ 

NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA- 
TION. 
General Officers. 
President Rev. D. S. Warner; vice- 
president, Rev. J. H. B. , Williams; re- 
cording secretary, Mrs. N. E. Kellogg; 
secretary-treasurer, Wm. I. Phillips. 

Board of Directors. 
George W. Bond, C. A. Blanchard, G. 
J. Haan, Albert B. Rutt, H. A. Fischer, 
Jr., J. M. Moore, Thomas C. McKnight, 
D. S. Warner, J. H. B. Williams, P. A. 
Kittelsby and M. P. F. Doermann. 

LECTURERS. 

Those desiring lectures or addresses 
may write to any of the speakers named 
below : 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 31 18 Fourteenth 
St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Rev. F., J. Davidson, P. O. Box 223, 
White Castle, La. 

Rev. C. G. Fait, Ellendale, N. d! 

Rev. Philemon Beck, Grafton, Calif. 



A Word to Bible Students 



I do sincerely hope to be instrumental under 
God in saving some young men, and especially 
students in the Christian ministry, from en- 
tanglements with what I consider to be a great 
delusion, to plead with, them to separate them- 
selves from the whole system [the secret lodge] 
as I would plead with them about any other 
moral or spiritual counterfeits of which I speak. 
I plead with them to separate themselves from 
it because it is contrary to the Word of God; 
because it is dishonoring to Jesus Christ; be- 
cause it is hurtful to the truest interests of the 
soul; because it has the stamp of the dragon 
upon it. 

As my friend, the late A. J. Gordon of Boston, 
said: "We become unavoidably and insensibly 
assimilated to that which most completely ab- 
sorbs our time and attention." One cannot be 
constantly mixed in secular society without tm- 
knowingly losing some uf his interest in the' 
divine society of God and of angeis, where he 
belongs by his new birth; he also becomes sec- 
ularized. Our citizenship is in heaven, my 
Christian brothers, and we ought to be careful 
where we are living and refuse to be attracted 
by any system which is a rival of the blood- 
bought Church of the Redeemer. — Rev. J. M. 
Gray, D. D., Dean of the Moody Bible Institute. 





"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly te fte wwrld; mi in secret feave I said nothing." John 18:20. 



VOLUME XLVIII 



CHICAGO, OCTOBER, 1915. 



Xumber 6 



UNITY. 

BY JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER. 

Forgive, O Lord, our severing ways, 

The separate altars that we raise, 

The varying tongues that speak Thy praise ! 

Suffice it now. In time to be 

Shall one great temple rise to thee, 

Thy Church our broad humanity. 

White flowers of love its walls shall climb, 
Sweet bells of peace shall ring its chime. 
Its days shall all be holy time. 

The hymn, long sought, shall then be heard. 
The music of the world's accord, 
Confessing Christ, the inward word ! 

That song shall swell from shore to shore. 
One faith, one love, one hope restore 
The seamless garb that Jesus wore ! 



"I STEPPED IN YOUR STEP ALL THE 

WAY." 

BY ROY TEMPLE HOUSE. 

A father and his tiny son 

Crossed a rough street one stormy day. 
"See Papa," cried the little one, 

"I stepped in your steps all the way!" 

Ah. random, childish hands that deal 

Quick thrusts no coat of proof could stay! 

It touched him with the touch of steel — 
"I stepped in your steps all the way!" 

If this man shirks his manhood's due 
And heeds what lying voices say. 

It is not one who falls, but two — 

"I stepped in your steps all the way !" 

But they that thrust off greed and fear. 

Who love and watch, who toil and pray — 

How their hearts carol when they hear 
"I stepped in your steps all the way." 

— Ladies Home Journal. 



Let lis so act that if a sufficient num- 
ber of the other members of the church 
would act with like conscientiousness, 
earnestness, and perseverance, we should, 
before our generation closes, make the 
knowledge of Jesus Christ accessible to 
every creature. — John R. Mott. 



THE CHRISTIAN'S RELATION 
SECRECY. 



TO 



BY REV. F. L. HAYDEN, D. D.^ PH. ]). 

[An address before the Second Annual 
Convention of the Washington Christian As- 
sociation, at Seattle, June, 1915.] 

The Cjuestion is this: ''Is lodge frater- 
nity warranted by the teachings of 
Jesus ?" I speak from many years' ex- 
perience as a Lodge man, though later as 
a Christian. I feel sympathy for those 
who. honestly think that lodge fraternity 
and lodge ministry are true expositions 
of the teaching of the Master. At one 
time in my life I held to that opinion; 
but then my experience with Christ was 
only formal, and my consciousness of 
duty was not clear. Permit me to say in 
the spirit of Christian modesty that a 
true view of this matter is impossible to 
one who has not given God the place of 
supreme authority in his heart and Hfe. 
One who has not entered into the life of 
Christ cannot speak truly upon the teach- 
ings of Christ, whatever may be his wis- 
dom in other matters. 

To determine whether Lodge frater- 
nity is Christian fraternity, one must ap- 
proach the question through the teach- 
ings of Jesus, in which He defines and 
limits the Christian life and its associa- 
tions. He characterized the spirit of men 
who will not render obedience to God as 
"The World." He declared by His life 
and teaching that He was ''not of the 
world," and that the relation of His fol- 
lowers to the world is the same. Evident- 
ly He meant that they cannot fraternize 
with godless men. In the ordinary busi- 
ness of life men associate with one an- 
other, but they do not thereby enter into 
fraternal relations. He is separate from 
the world, and in this position of separa- 
tion he is "the light of the world." It 
must not be obscured. It is against this 
light that the darkness of the world is 
seen. "\Miat fellowship hath light and 



162 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



darkness?" Is concord between Christ 
and Belial possible? Can the believer 
and the inhdel have a life in common? 

Fraternity Differentiated. 

Fraternity rests upon common inter- 
ests and similar tastes. It finds expres- 
sion in similar pursuits. Christian fra- 
ternity rests upon reverence for the name 
of Christ, love for the person of Christ, 
and obedience to the will of Christ. It 
arises from the spirit of Christ that has 
''translated him from darkness to light." 
It finds expression in promoting the king- 
dom of Christ among men. Will any 
honest lodge man contend that this is 
the spirit and purpose of the lodge? If 
it is urged that human society is becom- 
ing more and more permeated by the 
spirit of Christ as that spirit expresses it- 
self in social justice and humanitarian 
service, admit it for the moment ; but that 
does not furnish the basis for either 
Lodge or Church fraternity. Entrance 
into the lodge and the establishment of 
lodge fraternity does not rest on these 
grounds. The Lodge excludes those who 
have not been initiated into its mysteries. 
Lodge fraternity does not rest on good- 
ness of character, but on the payment of 
initiatory fees. The feeling of fraternity 
arises from some appreciation of value. 
To the lodge man that feeling is self-in- 
terest, self-protection. To the Christian 
that value is Christ and the blessedness 
of His association. Neither the exactions 
of justice nor the appeals of humanity 
can excite the feeling of fraternity. Sym- 
pathy may be excited by appeals of want 
and suffering, but sympathy is not fra- 
ternity. When any number of persons 
come to possess interests in common and 
draw lines of association so that others 
are excluded from their fellowship, that 
action tends to form a fraternity and to 
designate its bounds. The more vital 
these interests are deemed to be the 
stronger are the bonds of that fraternity. 
Care in sickness, aid in need, fellowship 
in common pleasure — these are the bonds 
of lodge fraternity. 

Lodge Fraternity Not Christian. 

It is aside from the intent of this pa- 
per to examine any lodge ritual. In all 
of them beautiful sentiments are ex- 
pressed. In some the Bible is used in the 
initiatory ceremonies. But lodge frater- 
nity does not rest on the acceptance of 



the Bible as the expressed will of God, 
and the full revelation of that will in the 
person and teaching of Jesus Christ. 
These lodges are not composed of true 
followers of Christ, nor do their teach- 
ings embrace the fundamentals of re- 
vealed truth. The very atmosphere of 
the lodge room with its suggestive con- 
versation, its tobacco and alcoholic 
drinks, its banquets, card and dance fea- 
tures, is enough to condemn it with all 
truth seeking persons. These are the 
very things against which the Word of 
God cautions the followers of Jesus, the 
things which the sober, temperate, pure 
and chaste life of the true Christian is a 
perpetual rebuke. Let me remind you 
that if the lodge initiated follower of 
Jesus does not go with his lodge "to the 
same excess of riot," he is held up to 
contempt as a fanatic. Can it be that a 
true Christian can find intimate and en- 
joyable associations among such minded 
persons? If so, then have Christ and Be- 
lial companionships in common. Then 
indeed does light and darkness frater- 
nize. 

One may break every command in the 
decalogue without forfeiting his mem- 
bership in the average lodge. Or to put 
it another way ; in order to hold mem- 
bership in the lodge it is not necessary for 
one to love God, be true in speech, be 
chaste in conduct, be honest in business 
or observe the Sabbath in rest and wor- 
ship. In order to secure lodge relations 
it is not necessary that one shall believe 
in a personal God — that is, in the Biblical 
sense — in the deity, the immaculate con- 
ception the vicarious atonement, or in the 
bodily resurrection of Christ. The lodge 
man finds the grounds of his fraternity 
in other matters, and associates with 
those who reject the whole plan of re- 
vealed religion. 

Grounds of Christian Fraternity. 

What are the bonds of Christian fra- 
ternity? Though Christians form socie- 
ties for worship and for the propagation 
of the Truth, the bonds of their frater- 
nity are not social. The society is simply 
the response the spirit of fraternity 
makes to the demand for association with 
those of like spiritual nature and life. 
These bonds are not financial or indus- 
trial. Christian fraternalism is not the 
result of any utilitarian advantage ex- 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



163 



pected or conferred. It is rather the re- 
sult of the spirit of Christ dwelling with- 
in the soul — the spirit that impels men 
to seek, not their own material advan- 
tage, but the highest good of others. Per- 
sons who have come to possess that spirit, 
whose hearts have been cleansed from 
sin and are indwelt by the Holy Spirit, 
who are, by Him, directed in courses of 
rectitude and justice^ love and service, 
purity and truth, are the possessors of 
the spirit of Christian fraternity. 

It is not difficult to see that the Church 
of Christ is, in the intent of God, a God- 
ly fraternity. Christian fraternity is, 
then, essentially spiritual. It can exist 
only among those w^ho, through the ac- 
ceptance of Christ as Saviour and obed- 
ience to Him as Lord of the heart, have 
come to enjoy the vital relation of Spirit 
born sons of God. This Christian fra- 
ternal spirit seeks men to uplift them into 
the same state — to upbuild them in char- 
acter and life. This fraternal spirit does 
not originate in a pledge to obey the rules 
of a society, but rather through the rec- 
ognition of Christ as Master, who alone 
has the right to direct the will and con- 
duct. 

This fraternal spirit seeks to relieve 
the maladies of the 'soul through the in- 
dw^elling of the Spirit of God, rather than 
to relieve the ailments of the body 
through the ministry of a godless human 
brotherhood. Doubtless a physical, so- 
cial and humane ministry is comprehend- 
ed in the service rendered by the Chris- 
tian fraternity ; but ministry to the body 
is incidental and secondary, though it 
follows as the sure vitalization of the soul 
by the spirit of God. 

Lodge Philanthropy Not Christian Philan- 
thropy. 

It is urged that the lodges are doing a 
work of philanthropy that fully warrants 
their existence. I would not give this 
paper to the world if this ministry was 
the end and purpose of the lodge. Indeed 
I am prepared to believe that this minis- 
try is, in many instances, the reaction of 
the spirit of Jesus upon unsaved men. 
But I wish it to be seen clearly that lodge 
ministry is rendered from other motives 
than those that animate Christians in 
their service. 

Giving to one in need "3. cup of water." 
"in the name of Christ," and "because he 



is Christ's," is Christian ministry. "When 
thou makest a feast call not thy rich 
neighbors, for they can recompense thee." 
"Call the poor, for they cannot recom- 
pense thee." Interpret this as you please 
and it is an indictment of the spirit of 
lodge ministry. That ministry is rendered 
to those who pay for it in dues and as- 
sessments. If one is not in good stand- 
ing through failure to pay his dues the 
lodge is under no obligation to assist him 
no matter how grievious his case may be. 
Christian ministry is rendered to those 
who can pay for it only in the coin of a 
thankful heart. The Lodge spirit asks 
what "shall I get out of it?" The Chris- 
tian spirit asks for the opportunity to 
serve in the name of the Master. 
(To be continued.) 



MASONRY AND THE BOOK OF REV- 
ELATION. 

The new student of Masonry is apt to 
question whether our opposition to the 
order may not arise from misinforma- 
tion as to its principles. It is therefore 
worth while to publish the writings of 
Masonic authorities w^hich show^ the atti- 
tude of the order towards the Bible, the 
deity of Christ and other principles held 
sacred by Christians as these can not be 
said to have been inspired by anti-]\Ia- 
sonic prejudice. 

The following comments on the book 
of Revelation should be sufficient to con- 
vince any true believer that the motive is 
anti-Christian which so distorts the sym- 
bolism of that book to make it fit Ma- 
sonic thought and principles, that it be- 
comes nothing but a dream of an initiate 
into the corrupt Ancient Mysteries, and 
that the Christian has no choice as to his 
attitude towards Masonry which thus 
misuses the Scriptures. 

The quotation is taken from pages 79 
and 80 of the "Encyclopaedia of Free- 
masonry" by A. G. Mackey, M. D., Past 
General Grand High Priest of the Gen- 
eral Grand Chapter of the United States, 
author of "A Lexicon on Free ]\Iasonrv," 
"Manual of the Lodge," "Masonic Rit- 
ualist," "The Book of the Chapter," 
"Cryptic Masonry," etc. 

Masonry of the Apocalypse. 

The adoption of St. John the Evangelist as 
one of the patrons of our Lodges, has given 
rise, among the writers on Freemasonry, to a 



164 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



\ariety of theories as to the original cause of 
his being thus connected with the Institution. 
Several traditions have been handed down 
from remote periods, which claim him as a 
brother, among which the Masonic student 
will be familiar with that which represents 
him as having assumed the government of the 
Craft, as Grand Master, after the demise of 
John the Baptist. I confess that I am not 
willing to place implicit confidence in the cor- 
rectness of this legend, and I candidly sub- 
scribe to the prudence of Dalcho's remark, that 
"it is unwise to assert more than we can prove, 
and to argue against probability." There must 
have been, however, in some way, a connec- 
tion more or less direct between the Evangel- 
ist and the institution of Freemasonry, or he 
would not from the earliest times have been 
so universally claimed as one of its patrons. 
If it was simply a Christian feeling — a re- 
ligious veneration — which gave rise to this 
general homage, I see no reason why St. Mat- 
thew, St. ]\Iark, or St. Luke might not as 
readily and appropriately have been selected 
as one of the "lines parallel." But the fact 
is that there is something, both in the life and 
in the writings of St. John the Evangelist, 
which closely connects him with our mystic 
Institution. He may not have been a Free- 
mason in the sense in which we now use the 
term ; but it will be sufficient, if it can be 
shown that he was familiar with other mys- 
tical institutions, which are themselves gen- 
erally admitted to have been more or less inti- 
mately connected with Freemasonry by de- 
riving their existence from a common origin. 
The Essenes. 

Such a society was the Essenian Fraternity 
— a mystical association of speculative philos- 
ophers among the Jews, whose organization 
very closely resembled that of the Freema- 
sons, and who are even supposed by some to 
have derived their tenets and their discipline 
from the builders of the Temple. As Oliver 
observes, their institution "may be termed 
Freemasonry, retaining the same form but 
practiced under another name." Now there 
is little doubt that St. John was an Essene. 
Calmet positively asserts it ; and the writings 
and life of St. John seem to furnish sufficient 
internal evidence that he was originally of 
that brotherhood. 

St. John, the Patron of Masonry. 

But it seems to me that St. John was more 
particularly selected as a patron of Freema- 
sonry in consequence of the mysterious and 
emblematic nature of the Apocalypse, which 



evidently assimilated the mode of teaching 
adopted by the Evangelist to that practiced 
by the Fraternity. If any one who has investi- 
gated the ceremonies performed in the Ancient 
Mysteries, the Suprious Freemasonry as it has 
been called of the Pagans, will compare them 
with the mystical machinery used in the Book 
of Revelation, he will find himself irresistibly 
led to the conclusion that St. John the Evan- 
gelist was intimately acquainted with the 
whole process of initiation into these mystic 
associations, and that he has selected its 
imagery for the ground-work of his prophetic 
book. Mr. Faber, in his Origin of Pagan 
Idolatry (vol. ii., b. vi., ch. 6), has, with great 
ability and clearness, shown that St. John in 
the Apocalypse applies the ritual of the an- 
cient initiations to a spiritual and prophetic 
purpose. 

"The whole machinery of the Apocalypse," 
said M'r. Faber, "from beginning to end, 
seems to me very plainly to have been bor- 
rowed from the machinery of the Ancient 
Mysteries; and this, if we consider the nature 
of the subject, was done with the very strict- 
est attention to poetical decorum. 

St. John Being Initiated. 

St. John himself is made to personate an 
aspirant about to be initiated ; and, accord- 
ingly, the images presented to his mind's eye 
closely resemble the pageants of the Mysteries 
both in nature and in order of succession. 

The prophet first beholds a door opened in 
the magnificent temple of heaven; and into 
this he is invited to enter by the voice of one 
who plays the hierophant. Here he witnesses 
the unsealing of a sacred book, and forthwith 
he is appalled by a troop of ghastly apparitions, 
which flit in horrid succession before his eyes. 
Among these are pre-eminently conspicuous a 
vast serpent, the well-known symbol of the 
great father ; and two portentious wild beasts, 
which severally come up out of the sea and 
out of the earth. Such hideous figures corre- 
spond with the canine phantoms of the Orgies, 
which seem to rise out of the ground, and 
with the polymorphic images of the hero god 
who was universally deemed the offspring of 
the sea. 

Passing these terrific monsters in safety, the 
prophet, constantly attended by his angel 
hierophant, who acts the part of an interpreter, 
is conducted into the presence of a female, 
who is described as closely resembling the 
great mother of pagan theology. Like Isis 
emerging from the sea and exhibiting herself 
to the aspirant Apuleius, this female divinity, 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



165 



upborne upon the marine wild beast, appears 
to float upon the surface of many waters. She 
is said to be an open and systematical harlot, 
just as the great mother was the declared fe- 
male principle of fecundity ; and as she was 
always propitiated by literal fornication re- 
duced to a rehgious system, and as the init- 
iated were made to drink a prepared hquor 
out of a sacred goblet, so this harlot is repre- 
sented as intoxicating the kings of the earth 
with the golden cup of her prostitution. On 
her forehead the very name of Mystery is in- 
scribed ; and the label teaches us that, in 
point of character, she is the great universal 
mother of idolatry. 

Imagery of the Orgies. 

The nature of this m^'stery, the officiating 
hierophant undertakes to explain ; and an im- 
portant prophecy is most curiously and art- 
fully veiled under the very language and imag- 
ery of the Orgies. To the sea-born great 
father was ascribed a threefold state — he lived, 
he died, and he revived ; and these changes of 
condition were duly exhibited in the Mys- 
teries. To the sea-born wild beast is simi- 
larl}^ ascribed a threefold state — he lives, he 
dies, he revives. While dead, he lies floating 
on the mighty ocean, just like Horus or Osiris, 
or Siva or Vishnou. When he revives again, 
like those kindred deities, he emerges from the 
waves ; and whether dead or alive, he bears 
seven heads and ten horns, corresponding in 
number with the seven ark-preserved Rishis 
and the ten aboriginal patriarchs. Nor is this 
all ; as the worshippers of the great father 
bore his special mark or stigma, and were dis- 
tinmishcd by his name, so the worshippers of 
the maritime beast equally bear his mark and 
are equally decorated by his appellation. 

At length, however, the first or doleful part 
of these sacred Mysteries draws to a close, 
and the last or joyful part is rapidly approach- 
ing. After the prophet has l)eheld the ene- 
mies of God plunged into a dreadful lake or 
inundation of liquid fire, which corresponds 
with the infernal lake or deluge of the Orgies, 
he is introduced into a splendidly-illuminated 
region, expressly adorned with the character- 
istics of that Paradise which was the ultimate 
scope of the ancient aspirants ; while without 
the holy gate of admission are the whole mul- 
titude of the profane: dogs, and sorcerers. 
and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolat- 
ers, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie. 

Such was the imagery of the Apocalypse. In 
close resemblance to the machinery of the 
Mysteries, and the intimate connection be- 



tween their system and that of Freemasonry, 
very naturally induced our ancient brethren 
to claim the patronage of an apostle so pre- 
eminently mystical in his writings, and whose 
last and crowning work bore so much of the 
appearance, in an outward form, of a ritual 
of initiation. 



THE GREATEST AND BEST MEN OF 
ALL AGES. 

BY PRESIDENT C. A. iSLANCHARD, WHEA- 
TON COLLEGE, ILLINOIS. 

In my last article I spoke to you con- 
cerning the oft repeated statement that 
secret societies are founded upon the 
Bible. Because the subject has been 
brought to my attention repeatedly dur- 
ing the last few^ weeks, I wish now to 
deal with another subject which is also 
of importance. 

In the charge of an Entered Appren- 
tice, the Master says to the newly made 
apprentice, ''I congratulate you on your 
admission into our ancient and honorable 
fraternity. Ancient, as having existed 
from time immemorial ; honorable as 
tending to make all men so who are 
strictly obedient to its precepts. '•' '•' * 
In every age and country, men, pre- 
eminent for their moral and intellectual 
attainments, have encouraged and pro- 
moted its interests." 

The point in my mind is this, the En- 
tered Apprentice is told that the greatest 
and best men of all ages have been en- 
couragers and promoters of the order. 
This familiar statement is repeated, in- 
formally, almost without cessation. I do 
not think it is a week since a man who 
was reproved for his fellowship with this, 
Christ-rejecting organization, said, "How 
can you believe thus of an organization 
which has in its membership the ver}^ 
best men there are in the world?" He 
was a poor ignorant soul, entirely sincere 
in what he said and believed as he be- 
lieved, simply because he was not in- 
formed respecting the facts in the case. 
June 24, 1717. 

In all the histories of the Masonic or- 
der, when we come to a definite date for 
organization, we strike this June 24th, 
1 717. There is a vast deal of gabble 
about Adam. Solomon and Enoch, etc., 
etc.. but when the ^^lasonic orator drops 
out of the clouds and puts his foot on 
the ground he always says June 24, 17 17. 



166 



CIIRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



At that time the four lodges of opera- 
tive Masons, existing in the city of Lon- 
don, luiited to form what is now called 
speculative or Freemasonry. Its ridicu- 
lous rites and ceremonies, its obligations 
calling for the violation of the laws both 
of God and man, its bloody penalties, all 
these go back to this one date. I men- 
tion this fact for two reasons. 

In the lirst place, because I w^ish to re- 
mind all of it, that it may not be forgot- 
ten, and in the second place, because it is 
obvious from this fact alone that the 
statement which we are considering can- 
not be true. The greatest and best men 
of all ages cannot have favored an or- 
ganization which is less than two hundred 
years old. That is simply a fact and 
must be admitted as a fact. All that is to 
be done with it is to say that it is true 
and let it go. 

If someone should say, ''Well, then, 
the pretence of antiquity is a lie,"' that 
we will have to admit to be true. In fact, 
as Dr. Monfort of Cincinnati said, speak- 
ing of Freemasonry: 'Tt is a lie all over." 
Undoubtedly this is true and this particu- 
lar instance is only one case in point. So 
we will dismiss the general proposition 
that the greatest and best men "of all 
ages" have encouraged and promoted the 
system, as simply a falsehood. That is 
all that it is. We need not spend any 
more time on that. 

Another question, however, arises: If 
it be true that the greatest and best men 
of past ages have not encouraged Free- 
masonry, how is it about the greatest and 
best men of the time since the organiza- 
tion has had being? Have these men en- 
couraged and promoted the order? On 
this question I remark, first, it makes no 
difference if they did. 

Here I wish to deal with the merits of 
the argument itself. Supposing that the 
greatest and best men of the last two 
hundred years have been encouragers 
and promoters of Freemasonry, would 
that prove to any intelligent, thoughtful 
man or woman in the world that the or- 
ganization is one which has a right to 
exist and that good men have a right to 
be connected with it? Obviously no, for 
the greatest and best men of the last two 
hundred years have all of them been 
fallible. It has been perfectly possible 
for all of them to make mistakes. How 



then can we as intelligent people pin our 
faith to them and blindly follow where 
they lead? Evidently we have no right 
to do anything of the kind. We would 
have no right to join churches because 
certain men belong to them. 

All men are fallible, there are no ex- 
ceptions and the membership of one or 
more of these good men in a certain or- 
ganization might simply be an instance 
in which his judgment or his conscience 
had failed. 

Supposing one were to attempt to justi- 
fy drunkenness on the ground that Noah, 
a distinguished man of faith, was on oc- 
casion drunk ; or supposing that one should 
undertake to justify adultery and murder 
on the ground that David, a man of God, 
had committed those two crimes ; or sup- 
posing one were to seek to justify any 
habit or association on the ground that 
some good men had formed the habit or 
been connected with the association — is 
it not obvious that the argument is posi- 
tively worthless ; that it does not do credit 
to a rational being to speak in that man- 
ner ; that organizations which are worthy 
may be shown to be so by an examination 
of their principles and practices ; that 
organizations which must be bolstered up 
by the names of certain individuals are 
proved by that very fact to be unfit for 
the allegiance of rational beings? 

Evangelists, Statesmen, Disciples. 

The Bible cautions us against measur- 
ing ourselves by ourselves or comparing 
ourselves with ourselves. This is a wdse 
suggestion. No reasonable, thoughtful 
man will doubt this for a moment. At 
the same time there are men who through 
faith and patience inherit promises, and 
we are commanded to be imitators of 
such persons. (Heb. 6:12) Of course 
we cannot imitate them if we do not 
know who they are. This comes in un- 
der the ''judge not" and the "By their 
fruits ye shall know them" section of 
Scripture. 

We admit, therefore, that there are cer- 
tain persons whose characters are worthy 
of imitation and that it is vital for a rea- 
sonable person to know who these people 
are. We, therefore, return to our ques- 
tion. Since lodges have existed, that is 
during the last two hundred years nearly, 
have men and women of this type been 
favorable disposed toward them? Have 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



167 



they generally been members of them? 
Is it possible for us today to put into 
cold type words of commendation for 
lodgism, spoken by these good people — 
if you choose to adopt the Masonic 
phraseology, "the greatest and best men" 
of the last two hundred years? 

The Apple Tree Tavern, London. 
Another of the unquestioned facts re- 
specting P'reemasonry has regard to its 
birth place. Its birth time was June 24, 
1717, its birth place was the Apple Tree 
Tavern, London, and for many years the 
common meeting place for lodges was in 
taverns. It is sad also to say, but it is a 
statement which no well informed person 
will question for an instant, that the 
bars of these taverns were patronized by 
the lodge men who frequented them. 

"Landlord, bring in a hogshead full 

And every brother face it 
Until it gives a hollow sound, 

And then you may replace it." 

This is from one of the songs which 
lodge men used to sing in these taverns 
where, for so many years, they were ac- 
customed to meet. 

What is true of Freemasonry in this 
respect has been true, very largely, of 
other lodges, and is true of them still. 

I have been told, I do not vouch for 
the truth of the statement, that the ex- 
penses of the Elks in one of our great 
cities are paid by profits on the sale of 
liquor. This may not be true, I am afraid 
it is. As temperance sentiment has 
progressed lodges have become more shy 
of liquor, liquor-sellers and liquor shops. 
At the present time in this country I sup- 
pose no Masonic lodge could live that 
should permit the drinking and carousing 
which were practically universal a few 
decades ago. But why this position? 

Organizations which are born and 
reared in liquor shops are not likely to 
have the favor and assistance of the 
"best men of all the ages." I judge this 
will not be denied. 

When we come to the examination of 
records we learn at once that many re- 
ligious teachers, certainly the most dis- 
tinguished men in the years since lodgism 
has existed, have not favored it. John 
Wesley, Charles G. Finney, Dwight L. 
Moody, R. A. Torrey, James M. Gray 
and a host of others might be named, 
leaders in the evangelistic movement of 



the last two hundred years, who have 
not only not approved of Freemasonry 
Ijut who have openly condemned it. 

I remember well to have heard Mr. 
Moody say in one of his meetings that 
he had been told that if he condemned 
Freemasonry certain Masonic preachers 
and professors would leave his meetings. 
He said, ''Let them go. God will fill their 
places with better men and when they 
are converted they will come back." This 
is the view of lodgism which men of that 
type have held. 

If we pass from the region of the 
church to that of enlightened Christian 
statesmanship one of the first names we 
will chance upon will be that of the great 
Washington. I wish anyone who reads 
these words, who has not read my little 
book on the subject, "Was Washington a 
Mason?" would send to our secretary for 
it and read it. 

In this letter I have time for only one 
suggestion respecting Washington's re- 
lations to the lodge. He himself said, in 
a letter which has never been questioned 
by any competent scholar, that he had 
not been in a Masonic lodge more than 
once or twice for thirty years. This let- 
ter was written, as I remember, in 1799. 
This, as all will remember, was a short 
time before his death. 

Every fairly well informed student of 
American history knows how stormy 
were the years through wdiich Washing- 
ton lived from his young manhood up to 
the end of the Revolutionary war. If he 
had ever had any time and interest to 
spend on lodges, it would certainly have 
been during the last thirty years of his 
life. By his own testimony, however, 
during all those years he did not go into 
a lodge more than once or twice. He 
may never have been in but once in thirty 
years. 

Now Washington knew what ^lasonrv 
was in a general way. He was initiated 
before he was twenty-one, in the old 
lodge at Alexandria. The lodge men 
pursued him incessantly. Letters and in- 
vitations from the lodges on all occasions 
were showered upon him. Anyone who 
will read Hayden's "Washington and His 
Masonic Compeers" will be struck with 
this ever recurring note. It seems as if 
they spent their last arrow to secure from 
the Great \\'ashington some comrnenda- 



168 



:hristian cynosure 



October, 1915. 



tion of the order and the result was that 
he left in a letter, the authenticity of 
which has never been questioned by a 
competent scholar, the statement above 
referred to. "The fact is that I preside 
over none, nor have I been in one except 
once or twice within the last thirty 
years." 

Under the circumstances, this practical 
withdrawal from the organization is a 
stinging" condemnation of the whole sys- 
tem. That he should have been fooled 
into the order is not at all to be wondered 
at. Tens of thousands of other good 
men have been in like manner. That he 
should have withdrawn from it in the 
face of the persistent attempts to secure 
from him some sort of a recognition, is 
in itself a decided condemnation. 

Add to this tacit disapproval the open 
condemnation of William H. Seward, 
John Adams and John Ouincy Adams, 
Daniel Webster, Millard Fillmore, to- 
gether with scores of other men of like 
character who might be named, and it is 
evident that if we speak of statesmen 
within the last one hundred years in our 
country, the pretence that lodges have 
been favored by the "greatest and best 
men of all ages" is notably untrue. 

"Write Me as One Who Loves His Fellow- 
men." 

If we pass out from the region of the 
church and of statesmanship into the 
broader field of mere humanitarianism 
we find the same thing to be true. Men 
who have been noted philanthropists 
have never been attracted to lodgism. 
Xaturally they would not be. The very 
narrowness of the system would repel 
them. Women like Julia Ward Howe, 
Frances E. Willard and men like Gerrit 
Smith and Wendel Phillips, would nat- 
urally shrink from any organization 
which proposed to confine its* interest, its 
humanitarian efforts, to a small part of 
the human race. These people loved the 
world, as God did. They did not love 
some men, they loved all men. They did 
not wish some people to be free, black or 
white, they wished all people to be free 
and their whole lives were given to the 
elevation of humanity as such. 

How could an organization, which 
swears a man not to steal from a Mason, 
not to strike a Mason, not to tell lies 
about a Mason^ not to commit adultery 



with the relatives of a Mason — how could 
an organization of this kind commend it- 
self to men and women of the type I 
have named ? 

The meanness of the lodge foundations 
is apparent at a glance and standing by 
itself alone would satisfy us that people 
of large humanity, of broad views, of 
generous minds, could not have fellow- 
ship with organizations of that type. 
They never have had. 

I have before this mentioned what 
Mrs. John B. Gough said to me, when I 
was at the Gough home in Boylston near 
Worcester, Mass. : "Mr. Blanchard, I be- 
lieve the lodges are sucking the life blood 
out of every decent thing there is in 
this country." It would be easy to show 
that Mrs. Gough had reason for this 
opinion. 

How has the temperance cause been 
dishonored by the collars, the holes in the 
door, the grips and pass words and the 
conduct of so-called temperance lodge 
meetings. How has patriotism been dis- 
graced by secret organizations which 
were said to be organized for fellowship 
and which have largely proved to be or- 
ganizations for plunder. 

Who can read the speeches of Garfield 
on the pension bills and the legislation of 
the last ten years without blushing? To 
whom should this legislation be attrib- 
uted ? Simply to secret organizations 
which have lived by the pretence of 
patriotism. How has brotherly kindness 
been shriveled and dwarfed by these se- 
cret organizations which have been or- 
ganized ostensibly to promote it. Is it 
not easy to sympathize with Mrs. Gough's 
remark, that secret societies are sucking 
the life blood otit of every decent thing 
in the country? 

There is need for temperance work 
and there is need for enlightened patriot- 
ism and there is need for brotherly kind- 
ness, but not one of these or any other 
good cause was ever yet promoted by 
secret organizations. The very genius of 
the secret society is against the fruits 
which have been named. 

East, west, north, south, past or pres- 
ent, look where you will you will find 
that the statement which w^e are here 
considering is untrue. The "greatest and 
best men," the strong men and the good 
men of the last two himdred years have 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



169 



never been friends of secret organiza- 
tions. 
Why, Then, Do Lodges Make This Claim? 

No man will ever understand secret so- 
< ieties who does not believe in a personal 
Devil and in hosts of demons \rho are 
under his command and do his will. "We 
wrestle not against flesh and blood," that 
is, not against men who work up any one 
organization or another, but we wrestle 
with principalities and powers, with the 
rulers of the darkness of this world, with 
wicked spirits in the upper air and these 
principalities and powers and wicked 
spirits, mighty intelligences, named and 
directed from the pit of hell, are the be- 
ings with whom we have to do. It was 
so in the days of Paul. It is so in our 
day. It will be so until our Lord comes 
and the battle will be intensified as years 
pass. 

Our Lord said that the Devil was a 
liar. Being a liar it is not strange that 
he should lie. It is natural for every 
person to act according to his character 
and if he should organize a system which 
was intended to dishonor Jesus Christ 
and ruin the souls of men, of course he 
will cloak it. He has cloaked it and seeks 
to deceive not wicked men, but good men, 
not some men but all men from whom 
he hopes to secure either money or pow- 
er. These are the two things that this 
world worships. They are closely re- 
lated. Pleasure of the world sort is pro- 
cured by them and Satan seeks to or- 
ganize societies and associations which 
will draw men to a false worship by min- 
istering to these earthly desires. 

Is There No Shadow of Truth in the State- 
ment? 

There is very little, if any. What 
these men who say that so many good 
men belong to the order have in mind, is 
the fact that a great many preachers and 
church members have united wdth these 
organizations. This is true, but it is 
obvious to the most casual observer that 
the really good men among these preach- 
ers and churcli members have never be- 
come lodge men in spirit. I have con- 
versed freely with men of this type for 
the last forty-five years, and I do not 
think I have ever talked ten minutes with 
one of them, who was a fairly good 
man, but that he said to me, 'T do not 
go to the lodge meetings, I have no time." 



Recently a man said to me, "I have a 
good wife and some pleasant children 
and when I am through with business I 
spend my time with them." This is the 
natural instinct of a decent man and 
where men are not governed by it, there 
is grave reason to fear that there is some- 
thing the matter with them of a serious 
sort. 

I knew a minister not long ago who 
had raised two or three boys who were 
a disgrace to him and a terror to the 
community. Pie was lamenting the char- 
acter of these sons in the presence of a 
brother minister who had the courage 
and faithfulness to say to him, ''You 
raised the boys and made them what they 
are, why do you complain of them?" The 
brother thought it was a hard saying, so 
his friend went on. "At the time w'hen 
you ought to have been with your boys 
evenings, companioning with them, 
knowing what they were doing, helping 
them to higher and better things, you 
were running about the country making 
speeches for lodges, associating with all 
sorts of men, good, bad and indifferent, 
dishonoring your ministerial profession 
and meanwhile your boys were learning, 
to be just what the lodge fellows that 
you were associating with were." It 
was a hard saying, but it was God's truth, 
as everybody familiar with the facts 
knew. 

How can any man who is a fairly de- 
cent man spend the time which God has 
given him for his wife and children in 
the smoke and vile talk which precedes 
and follows — sometimes even accom- 
panies — lodge meetings. 

I knew a good man some years ago 
who had joined one of the secret so- 
cieties, one of the lesser ones, as men 
reckon them. He said to me that he did 
not attend this society. He said, "I, be- 
ing a gentleman, have no sort of interest 
in sitting around in a cloud of tobacco 
smoke, hearing men tell disreputable 
stories. I have a better use for mv 
time." 

In this connection I wish to remind 
you once more of the organization of a 
Grand Lecturers Society which was in- 
tended to get Grand Lecturers to stop 
swearing, tellinsf lewd stories and doing; 
the like. This effort was made because 
the Grand Lecturers were of this char- 



170 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



acter and the lodge was suffering in its 
membership because of it. So far as the 
lodge sentiment went there was no con- 
science in regard to the matter, but be- 
cause the lodge was getting a bad reputa- 
tion by reason of these licentious stories, 
these profane talks, these low down 
Grand Lecturers, the effort was made to 
lift them up a little bit — not because 
what they were doing was wrong, but 
because it was hurting the lodge. 

The Holy Spirit is a clean spirit. He 
does not like dirt and he will not live in 
the midst of dirt. He wants people to 
be clean, he wants organizations to be 
clean. The sort of organizations which 
he likes are organizations which are 
really founded on the Word of God, not 
organizations which are made up of 
good, bad and indifferent men for the 
sake of gaining money or power or 
friends and which quote a lot of Scrip- 
ture for the sake of fooling foolish peo- 
ple, but organizations which require peo- 
ple to repent of sin, to stop sinning and 
to praise Jesus Christ for the act which 
makes it possible for a man to remedy 
his past and share his future. These 
are the organizations which the Holy 
Spirit wants. 

Spirit filled men are like the Holy 
Spirit. They want the same things that 
He wants. They hate smut and smutty 
talk and smutty people and they do not 
associate with such people. They go to 
prayer meetings, they go to churches, 
they go to social gatherings where the 
current runs clear and smooth, where 
peace and joy in the Holy Ghost prevail. 
These are the organizations which the 
''greatest and best men of all ages" have 
encouraged and promoted. 

Professed Christians, even professed 
ministers of the Gospel, occasionally get 
into the Devil's organizations, but if 
they are really born of God, really 
washed white, not white-washed, but 
washed white in the blood of Jesus, they 
can have no real fellowship with organ- 
izations of this type. 



the pond at a meeting to be held in Sep- ■ 
tember. — Cleveland Nezvs. . re 



NO FREE SCHOOL FOR MASONIC 
ORPHANS. 

Herbert Ashley et al., lost their fight 
for admittance in the public schools of 
LaGrange. The et al., represents seven- 
ty-eight children of school age in the Il- 
linois Masonic Orphans' home at La- 
Grange, Illinois, and a bill for an injunc- 
tion against the board of education of 
that place to restrain it from excluding 
the children from the schools unless tui- 
tion is paid was denied by Judge Baldwin 
in the Circuit court. 

It means that the home will have to 
pay $2,000 each term for the education 
of the children under its care because 
they are gathered from all parts of the 
state and the law provides that a child 
must attend school in the district of its 
parents or guardian. The home is not 
legally the guardian of the children. 

Had the bill been granted Judge Bald- 
win states, it would be possible for an 
organization to collect thousands of chil- 
dren in the state and place them in one 
locality and so disrupt and demoralize 
the schools of that locality. That the Ma- 
sonic orphanage has paid taxes in the dis- 
trict does not alter the case, the decision 
declares. — Chicago Daily News. 



BLUE GOOSE IN OHIO. 

With Fred W. Ransom, of Columbus, 
as Most Loyal Grand Gander of the Blue 
Goose, the Ohio Pond, it is expected, will 
have a lively year. A good-sized flock of 
goslings will be given their first swim in 



ACID THROWER ALLEGED UNION 
AGENT. 

Although Frank Wienewsky of 137 
Lincoln avenue is said to have thrown 
carbolic acid in Anton Kiwasilborski's 
eyes so that he may lose his eyesight he 
was released on $3,000 bail after being 
in jail for less than forty-eight hours. 

Wienewsky is reputed to be business 
agent for Bakers union No. 49, which is 
an opposition to union 2, to which Anton 
Kiwasilborski belonged. Bad feeling has 
prevailed between the members of these 
two organizations. On several occasions, 
the police say, attempts have been made 
to throw acid at William Bastnickskie's 
bake shop at 1326 North Ashland ave- 
nue. Policemen were stationed to watch 
the trouble makers, but they succeeded in 
catching Wienewsky onlv after he had 
done the damage. — Chicago Tribune, 
Sept. 7, 1915. 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



171 



THE BATAVIA TRAGEDY. 



BY CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS. 



[Charles Francis Adams, grandson of John 
Adams, second President of the United States, 
and son of John Qnincy Adams, the sixth 
President, was a commanding figure in our 
national life during the middle portion of the 
nineteenth century. He was a member of the 
Massachusetts legislature in 1840, and in 1848 
was nominated by the "Free Soil" party as 
their candidate for the Vice Presidency. In 
1858 he was elected to Congress from Massa- 
chusetts by the newly organized Republican 
party. During the whole of our Civil War, 
Mr. Adams was Minister to Great Britain and 
at the close of the war he was selected as 
arbitrator between Great Britain and the 
United States for questions arising because 
of the war. In 1872 Mr. Adams was promi- 
nent in the organization of the "Liberal Re- 
publican" movement and was proposed as a 
candidate for the Presidency but was defeated 
for the nomination by Horace Greeley. 

Mr. Adams is best known m the literary 
field for his biographico-historical works relat- 
ing to his grandfather, John Adams, his grand- 
mother, Abigail Adams, and his father, John 
Quincy Adams — that of his grandfather oc- 
cupying ten volumes.] 

The institution of Masonry was in- 
troduced into the British colonies of 
North America more than a hundred 
years ago. It went on slowly at first ; 
but from the time of the Revolution it 
spread more rapidly, until in the first 
quarter of the present century it had 
succeeded in winding itself through all 
the departments of the body politic in 
the United States, and in claiming the 
sanction of many of the country's most 
distinguished men. Up to the year 1826 
nothing occurred to mar its progress, or 
to interpose the smallest obstacle to its 
triumphant success. So great had then 
become the confidence of the members in 
its power, as to prompt the loud tone of 
gratulation in which some of its orators 
then indulged at their public festivals ; 
and among these none spoke more bold- 
ly than Mr. Brainard. He announced 
that Masonry was exercising its in- 
fluence in the sacred desk, in the 
legislative hall, and on the bench of 
justice; but so little had the pub- 
lic attention been directed to the truth 
he uttered, that the declaration passed 
■off, and was set down by the un- 
initiated rather as a flower of rhetoric 
with which young speakers will some- 
times magnify their topic, than as en- 
titled to any particularly serious notice. 



Neither would these memorable words 
have been rescued from oblivion, if it 
had not happened that the very next year 
after they were uttered was destined to 
furnish a most extraordinary illustration 
of their significance. 

Citizen Disappears Without Warning. 

In a small town situated in the west- 
ern part of the State of New York an 
event occurred in the autumn of the year 
1826, which roused the suspicions first 
of the people living in the immediate 
neighborhood, and afterward of a very 
wide circle of persons throughout the 
United States. A citizen of Batavia sud- 
denly disappeared from his family with- 
out giving the slightest warning. Rumors 
were immediately circulated that he had 
run away ; but there were circumstances 
attending the act which favored the idea 
that personal violence had been resorted 
to, although the precise authors of it 
could not be distinctly traced. The name 
of the citizen who thus vanished as if 
the earth had opened and swallowed him 
from sight, was William Morgan. He 
had been a man of little consideration in 
the place, in which he had been but a 
short time resident. Without wealth — 
for he was compelled to labor for the 
support of a young wife and two infant 
children — and without influence of any 
kind, it seemed as if there could be 
nothing in the history or the pursuits of 
the individual to make him a shining- 
mark of persecution on any account. So 
unreasonable, if not absurd, did the no- 
tion of the forcible abduction of such a 
man appear, that it was at first met with 
a cold smile of utter incredulitv. Among: 
the floating population of a newly-settled 
country, the single fact of the departure 
of persons having few ties to bind them 
to any particular spot would scarcely 
cause remark or lead to inquiry. Num- 
bers, when first called to express an opin- 
ion in the case of IMorgan. at once 
jumped to the conclusion that he had 
voluntarily fled to parts unknown. So 
natural was the inference that even to 
this day man}- who have never taken any 
trouble to look into the evidence are im- 
pressed with a vague notion that it is 
the proper solution of the difficulty. In 
ordinarv circumstances the thino- mieht 
have passed off as a nine days' wonder, 
and in a month's time the name of ^lor- 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



gan might have been forgotten in 
Batavia. had it not been for a single 
clue which was left behind him, and 
which, at lirst followed up from curi- 
osity, even excited wonder, and from this 
led to astonishment at the nature of the 
discoveries that ensued. 

The Single Clue. 
The single clue which ultimately un- 
wound the tangled skein of evidence was 
this : The sole act of Morgan, while 
dwelling in Batavia, w^hich formed any 
exception to the ordinary habits of men 
in his walk of life, was an undertaking 
into which he entered, in partnership 
with another person, to print and publish 
a book. This book promised to contain 
a true account of certain ceremonies and 
secret obligations taken by those who 
joined the society of Freemasons. The 
simple announcement of the intention to 
print this work was known to have been 
received by many of the persons in the 
vicinity, acknowledged brethren of the 
order, with signs of the most lively in- 
dignation. And as the thing went on to 
execution, so many efforts were made 
to interrupt and to prevent it, even at 
the hazard of much violence, that soon 
after the disappearance of the prime 
mover of the plan doubts began to spread 
in the community, whether there was not 
some connection, in the way of cause and 
effect, between the proposed publication 
and that event. Circumstances rapidly 
confirmed suspicion into belief, and be- 
lief into certainty. At first the attention 
was concentrated upon the individuals 
of the fraternity discovered to have been 
concerned in the taking off. It after- 
ward spread itself so far as to embrace 
the action of the lodges of the region in 
which the deed was done. But such was 
the amount of resistance experienced to 
efforts made to ferret out the per- 
petrators and bring them to justice, that 
ultimately the whole organization of the 
order became involved in responsibility 
of the misdeeds of its members. The 
opposition made to investigation only 
stimulated the passion to investigate. 
Unexampled efforts were made to enlist 
the whole power of the social system in 
the pursuit of the kidnappers, which 
were as steadily baffled by the superior 
activity of the Masonic power. In time 
it became plain that the only effectual 



course would be to go, if possible, to the 
root of the evil, and to attack Masonry 
in its very citadel of secret obligations. 

The labor expended in the endeavor 
to suppress the publication of Morgan's 
book proved to have been lost. It came 
out just at the moment when the disap- 
pearance of its author was most calcu- 
lated to rouse the public curiosity to its 
contents. On examination, it was found 
to contain what purported to be the 
forms of oaths taken by those who were 
admitted to the first three degrees of 
Masonry — the Entered Apprentice's, the 
Fellowcraft's, and the Master Mason's. 
If they really were what they pretended 
to be, then indeed was supplied a full 
explanation of the motives that might 
have led to Morgan's disappearance. 
But here was the first difficulty. Doubts 
were sedulously spread of their genuine- 
ness. Morgan's want of social character 
was used with effect to bring the whole 
volume intO' discredit. Neither is it per- 
fectly certain that its revelations would 
have been ultimately established as true, 
had not a considerable number of the 
fraternity, stimulated by the conscious- 
ness of the error which they had com- 
mitted, voluntarily assembled at Leroy — 
a town in the neighborhood of Batavia — 
and then and there, besides attesting the 
veracity of Morgan's book, renounced all 
further connection with the society. One 
or two of these persons subsequently 
made far more extended publications, in 
which they opened all the mysteries of 
the Royal Arch, and of the Knight Tem- 
plar's libation, besides exposing in a clear 
light the whole complicated organization 
of the institution. Upon these dis- 
closures the popular excitement spread 
over a large part of the northern section 
of the Union. It crept into the political 
divisions of the time. A party sprung 
up almost with the celerity of magic, the 
end of whose exertions was to be the 
overthrow of Masonry. It soon car- 
ried before it all the power of West- 
ern New York. It spread into the 
neighboring states. It made its ap- 
pearance in legislative assemblies, and 
there demanded full and earnest investi- 
gations, not merely of the circumstances 
attending the event which originated the 
excitement, but also of the nature of the 
obligations which Masons had been in 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



173 



the habit of assumincr. Great as was 



t->' 



the effort to resist this movement, and 
manifold the devices to escape the 
searching operation proposed, it v^as 
foimd impossible directly to stem the 
tide of popular opinion. Masons who 
stubbornly adhered to the order were yet 
compelled under oath to give their re- 
luctant testimony to the truth of the dis- 
closures that had been made. The oaths 
of Masonry, and the strange rites prac- 
ticed simultaneously with the assumption 
of them, were then found to be in sub- 
stance what they had been affirmed to be. 
The veil that hid the mystery was rent 
in twain, and there stood the idol before 
the gaze of the multitude, in all the 
nakedness of its natural deformity. 
The Wall of Brass. 
Strange though it may seem, it is nev- 
ertheless equally certain, that the most 
revolting features of the obligations, the 
pledges subversive of all moral distinc- 
tions, and the penalties for violating 
those pledges, were not those things 
which roused the most general popular 
disapprobation. Here, as often before, 
the shield of private character, earned by 
a life and conversation without reproach, 
was interposed with effect to screen 
from censure men who protested that 
when they swore to keep secret the 
crimes which their brethren might have 
committed, provided they were revealed 
to them under the Masonic sign, they did 
nothing which they deemed inconsistent 
with their duties as Christians and as 
members of society. It is the tendency 
of mankind to mix with all abstract rea- 
soning, however pure and perfect, a 
great deal of the alloy of human 
authority, to harden its nature. Multi- 
tudes preferred to believe the Masonic 
oaths and penalties to be ceremonies, 
childish, ridiculous, and unmeaning, 
rather than to suppose them in- 
trinsically and incurably vicious. They 
refused to credit the fact that men whom 
they respected as citizens could have 
made themselves parties to any promise 
whatsoever to do acts illegal, unjust, and 
wicked. Rather than go so far, they pre- 
ferred to throw themselves into a state 
of resolute unbelief of all that could be 
said against them. Hence the extraor- 
dinary resistance to all projects of ex- 
amination, that great wall of brass which 



the conservative temper of society erects 
around acknowledged and time-hallowed 
abuses. Hence the determination to 
credit the assurances of interested wit- 
nesses, who seemed to have a character 
for veracity to support, rather than by 
pressing investigation, to undermine the 
established edifice constructed by the 
world's opinion. 

Neither is there at bottom any want of 
g'ood sense, in this sluggish mode of 
viewing all movements of reform. 
Agitation always portends more or less 
of risk to society, and tends to bring 
mere authority into contempt. It is 
therefore not without reason that those 
who value the security which they en- 
joy under existing institutions hesitate 
at adopting any rule of conduct which 
may materially diminish it. Such hesita- 
tion is visible under all forms of govern- 
ment; but it is nowhere more marked 
than in the United States, where the pop- 
ular nature of the institutions makes the 
tendency to change at all times imminent. 
The misfortune attending this natural 
and pardonable conservative instinct is, 
that it clings with indiscriminate tenacity 
to all that has been long established — the 
evil as well as the good, the abuses that 
have crept in equally with the useful and 
the true. It was just so in the case of 
Masonry. A large number of the most 
active and respected members of society 
had allowed themselves to become in- 
volved in its obligations, and rather than 
voluntarily to confess the error they had 
committed, and to sanction the over- 
throw of the institution by a decided act 
of surrender, they preferred to support 
it upon the strength of their present 
character, and upon the combination of 
themselves and the friends whom thev 
could influence to resist the assaults of 
a reforming and purifying power. Great 
as was the strength of this resistance, 
it could only partially succeed in accom- 
plishing the object at which it aimed. 
The op])osition made to the admission of 
a palpable moral truth had its usual and 
natural effect to stimulate the eff'orts of 
those who were pressing it upon the pub- 
lic attention. Admitting in the fullest 
extent everything that could be said in 
behalf of many of the individuals who as 
Masons became subjected to the ve- 
hemence of the denunciations directed 



174 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



against the fraternity, it was yet a fact 
not a little startling that even they should 
deem themselves so far bound by unlaw- 
ful obligations as at no time to be ready 
to signify the smaUest disapprobation of 
their character, not even after the fact 
was proved how much of evil they had 
caused. After the disclosure of the Mor- 
gan history it was no longer possible to 
pretend that the pledges were not actu- 
allv construed in the sense which the 
language plainly conveyed. That after 
admitting the possibility of such a con- 
struction the association which for one 
moment Ignger should give it counte- 
nance made itself responsible for all the 
crime which might become the fruit of 
it. can not be denied. Yet this reason- 
ing did not appear to have the weight 
to which it was fairly entitled, in de- 
terring the respectable members of the 
society from giving it their aid and 
countenance. De Witt Clinton still re- 
mained Grand Master of the order after 
he had reason to know the extent to 
which it had made itself accessory to the 
Morgan murder. Edward Livingston 
was not ashamed publicly to declare his 
acceptance of the same office, although 
the chain of evidence which traced that 
crime to the Masonic oath had then been 
made completely visible to all. When the 
authority of such names as these was in- 
voked with success to shelter the associa- 
tion from the efifect of its own system, it 
seemed to become an imperative duty on 
the part of those whose attention had 
been aroused to the subject to look be- 
yond the barrier of authority so sedulous- 
ly erected in order to keep them out, to 
probe by a searching analytic process the 
moral elements upon which the institu- 
tion claimed to rest, and to concentrate 
the rays of truth and right reason upon 
those corrupt principles which, if not ef- 
fectively counteracted, seemed to threat- 
en the very foundations of justice in the 
social and moral system of America. 

It was the province here marked out 
which Mr. John Ouincy Adams volun- 
tarily assumed to fill when he ad- 
dressed to Colonel William L. Stone 
that series of letters upon the En- 
tered Apprentice's oath. Although 
this obligation may be considered as 
constituting the lowest story and least 
commanding portion of the edifice -of 



Freemasonry, yet he singled it out 
for examination as the fairest test by 
which he could try the merits of all that 
has been built above it. If that first and 
simple step proved untenable, it fol- 
lowed, as a matter of course, that no 
later or more difiicult one could fare a 
whit better. Of the result of the investi- 
gation thus entered into, it is thought 
that no difference of opinion can now be 
entertained. No answer worthy of a 
moment's consideration was ever made. 
It is confidently believed that none is 
possible. As a specimen of rigid moral 
analysis the letters must ever remain — 
not simply as evincing the peculiar pow- 
ers of the author's mind, but also as a 
standing testimony against the radical 
vice of the secret institution against 
which they were directed. 

(To be continued.) 



STOCKS FOR BOY SCOUTS. 

Boy Scouts of troop 56, who went in- 
to camp at Perry, O., Saturday, were to 
feel the same sort of punishment their 
ancestors suffered if they broke rules, ac- 
cording to Scoutmaster Ralph Henn, 
2656 Berkshire rd., Cleveland Heights. 

Mr. Henn has provided a good old- 
fashioned stock in which the boys' legs 
will be pinioned, while their hands are 
cuffed behind them. — Cleveland Neivs, 
Aug. 21, 1915. 



PRAETORIANS. 

The order of Praetorians is an insur- 
ance society similar to the Modern 
Woodmen of America and many others 
of various names. Its headquarters are 
in the Praetorian building, Dallas, Texas. 



Masonry is not Protestantism, neither 
is it Catholicism, nor Judaism, or any 
other sectarianism. It requires the be- 
lief in a Supreme Ruling Power, with 
no reference as to the manner of ex- 
pressing that belief. — The Texas Free- 
mason. 

Who is a liar but he that denieth that 
Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist 
that denieth the Father and the Son. 
Whosoever denieth the Son, the same 
hath not the Father, but he that acknowl- 
edgeth the Son hath the Father also. — 
I. John 2:22, 23. . 



October, 1915. 



r* 



HRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



175 



A CHURCH FRATERNAL LEAGUE. 

Rev. C. L. Morgan, D. D., pastor of 
the First Congregational Church, Elgin, 
Illinois, writes concerning the Men's 
Fraternal League, organized in connec- 
tion with his church. Dr. Morgan says : 
''The Men's Fraternal League is organ- 
ized to do for men just what so many 
fraternal lodges are doing, but of course 
wholly apart from secrecy. The first aim 
is to bring men into closer fellowship 
and brotherhood. The second to provide 
for a benefit fund — visiting sick com- 
munities — and for those who are sick or 
die. It is all very simple, but where 
tried, as at the Pilgrim Church, Dor- 
chester, Boston, Massachusetts, has been 
most effective for some 22 years." 

The Constitution and By-Laws of the 
League is as follows : 

The Men's Fraternal League. 
PREAMBLE. 

It is -known to the men of the First Con- 
gregational Church of Elgin, that men in other 
places, during many years past, have asso- 
ciated themselves together for mutual aid and 
financial benefit in time of need, with success 
and great satisfaction, and from such expe- 
rience, it is believed that a similar organiza- 
tion of men in Elgin would accomplish much 
good that the Church, as at present organized, 
is not prepared to do efficiently. Hence it is 
thought wise to form such an Association of 
men; the object being: 

1. To cultivate Fraternal fellowship be- 
tween the men of the Church and congrega- 
tion. 

2. To extend sympathy to those in misfor- 
tune, and especially by a mutual benefit fund, 
to aid those who may be in need, and to help 
in cases of sickness and death ; and 

3. To promote united and deeper interest 
in the welfare and work of helping men. 

Constitution. 

ARTICLE I.— Name.— The name of this 
organization is the Men's Fraternal League of 
the First Congregational Church of Elgin, 
Illinois. 

ARTICLE IT.— Object.— The object of the 
League is to cultivate social fellowship, to 
extend mutual sympathy and material aid, and 
to promote cordial and fraternal relations be- 
tween all workers interested in the welfare 
of men. 

ARTICLE III. — Membership. — Persons ap- 
proved by the Advisory Board and so reported 
to the League at any regular meeting, on pay- 



ment of fifty cents, as first monthly dues, shall 
be declared a member of the League and shall 
be entitled to all the privileges and benefits of 
the League. 

ARTICLE IV.— Meetings.— The meetings 
of the League are held on the first Monday 
evening of each month from October to May 
inclusive. Regular meetings may be ad- 
journed from time to time. A special meeting 
of the League may be called by the Secretary 
at the request of the President or by the writ- 
ten request of five members. 

ARTICLE v.— Officers.— The officers of 
the League are a President, Vice President, 
Secretary, Treasurer and Auditor, to be 
elected annually at the regular meeting in 
November. They are to hold their respective 
offices until their successors are elected and 
qualify by acceptance. 

The duties of the President, Vice President 
and Auditor are those usually performed by 
such officers. The duty of the Secretary is to 
keep the records of the League, collect all 
money for, or belonging to the League, and to 
transmit said money to the Treasurer taking 
his receipt for the same. 

It is the duty of the Treasurer to give a re- 
ceipt for all money received from the Secre- 
tary, and to pay all written orders of the Ad- 
visory Board when signed by the President 
and Secretary. 

ARTICLE VI.— Monthly Dues.— When a 
person becomes a member of the League, he 
shall pay for the first month the sum of fifty 
cents, for each and every month of member- 
ship thereafter he shall pay twenty-five cents, 
as monthly dues, of which sum five cents per 
month shall be set aside for general expenses. 
Monthly dues are due on or before the first 
Monday of each month. 

ARTICLE VII.— Advisory Board.— At the 
Annual Meeting in November the League 
shall elect three members who with the Presi- 
dent, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer 
of the League constitute the Advisory Board; 
of which the President of the League is Chair- 
man for the transaction of all business, and 
for the management and distribution of the 
benefit fund, and the Advisory Board shall be 
empowered to appoint such committees as may 
be regarded necessary. 

ARTICLE VIII.— Amendments.— \\'ritten 
notices of any amendment to the Constitution 
must be filed with the Secretary, and the said 
amendment by him shall be submitted to the 
Advisory Board for report to the League one 
month previous to final action on same. A 



176 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



two-thirds Aote of the memhers present at any 
regular meeting is necessary to adopt any 
amendment. 

By-Laws. 
ARTICLE 1. — Quorum and Special Meet- 
ings. — Not less than ten members make a 
quorum for regular and special meeting's of 
the League : a less number may meet and ad- 
journ. 

ARTICLE II. — Reports.- — The Secretary, 
Treasurer and Advisory Board must present 
a full report of the affairs of the League at 
the annual meeting in November. 

ARTICLE III.— Dues in Arrears.— Any 
member whose dues are in arrears three 
months shall be notified by the Secretary, that 
unless his dues are paid on or before the next 
regular meeting, he will forfeit his title to the 
benefits of the League, and cease to be a 
member, unless some action be taken by the 
Advisory Board. 

ARTICLE IV. — Advisory Board Quorum. 
— Four members of the Advisory Board shall 
make a quorum for the transaction of busi- 
ness. 

ARTICLE V. — Duty of Advisory Board. — 
It is the duty of the Advisory Board to give 
special attention to cases of necessity, want 
of employment, sickness and death, and to act 
with entire fairness to all interests involved. 

ARTICLE VI. — Amendments. — After one 
month's notice, these By-Laws may be 
am.ended at any regular meeting of the League 
by a two-thirds vote of the members present. 

ARTICLE VIL— Benefits. 

Section 1. Any member of the League who 
is sick or disabled for more than one week, 
at an\' one time, upon the approval of the Ad- 
visor}' Board, may be paid a sum not to ex- 
ceed hvQ dollars per w^eek, for not more than 
four weeks in any twelve months. When any 
member is ill or disabled, for more than one 
week, at any time, the League shall reckon 
the time for which the member is allowed 
benefit, after and not including the first week 
of said member's illness or disability, and no 
pa\ment may be made to any member on ac- 
count of the first week of said illness or dis- 
ability. 

Section 2. If the illness or disability re- 
ferred to in Section 1, Article 7 of the By- 
Law^s is such as to prevent the member from 
work, then it is the duty of such member 
promptly to notify the Treasurer or Secretary 
of the League of these facts that proper 
action may be taken by the League for his 
benefit. 



Section 3. At the death of any member, on 
the approval of the Advisory Board, the 
League may pay a sum, as the funds in the 
Treasury may admit not to exceed fifty dol- 
lars to the nearest relative dependent on the 
deceased, or to such person as said member 
may have designated. 

ARTICLE VIIL— Financial Aid. 

Section 1. When it comes to the knowledge 
of the Advisory Board that any member is in 
financial distress in his family, a majority of 
the Board may vote the payment of such sum 
of money, as in their judgment is necessary 
for speedy relief. 

Section 2. The Advisory Board at their 
discretion, may refer any case coming under 
their jurisdiction to the League for its action, 
and when such reference is made, the Ad- 
visory Board is bound by the vote of the 
League. It is the privilege and the right of 
any member of the League, at any time, be- 
fore action is taken in any case, with which 
the Advisory Board has to do, provided he is 
supported by two other members of the 
League, to bring such case before the League 
for its action, and the Advisory Board, in such 
cases of appeal or reference is bound by the 
vote of the League. 

Section 3. In view of the money that may 
be needed in addition to the regular monthly 
dues from members of the League, it is de- 
sired and earnestly requested of all persons 
in sympathy with it, to give needful and gen- 
erous support to its treasury, in order that 
the League may do its work as fully and ef- 
fectively as possible. 



LABOR SLUGGER CONFESSES. 

Honore Jaxon, known throughout the 
country is the "father of labor slug- 
ging," is a recruit in the Fort Sheridan 
civilian military camp. His apphcation 
w^as approved by Col. H. O. S. Hiestand, 
adjutant general of the central depart- 
ment of the army. 

Fled from Canada. 

"I know Jaxon," Col. Hiestand said. 
"He was a major in the Louis Riel rebel- 
lion in Saskatchewan in 1885. I was 
stationed in Montana at the time. Louis 
Riel was captured by the Canadian 
troops and executed. Jaxon fled to the 
United States and escaped death." 

One year later Jaxon bobbed up in 
Chicago and it was due to his subsequent 
activities that he earned the title of 
"father of labor slugging." As soon as 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



177 



he arrived in Chicago early in 1886 J axon 
joined the carpenters' union. In the 
spring- of the same year the union in- 
augurated its eight-hour strike which 
lasted six weeks. 

Organizes Sluggers. 

Jaxon, fresh trom his military experi- 
ence in the Canadian rebellion, displayed 
organizing ability. The union soon made 
him secretary of the carpenters' central 
body, where lie practically became dic- 
tator of the strike. 

"When I became secretary of the cen- 
tral body I saw something was necessary 
to be done to win the strike," Jaxon 
said. *'So I organized the men on a mili- 
tary footing. 

"The plan we laid out w^as executed to 
the letter. Squads of men were sent into 
all parts of the city. They swept over 
the town like an invading army. Car- 
penters from South Chicago made up 
the squads which cleaned up the north- 
west side and north side men did the 
work on the south side. 

Terrorized Whole City. 

"So perfectly did the plan work that 
only one man was arrested. He was a 
Scotchman named Sloan, and I believe 
he had imbibed too much Scotch whisky 
and stuck around the building too long. 
They said he tried to fight the police. 
Anyhow, the work of the several squads 
was timed so perfectly that the 'educa- 
tional work' practically occurred at the 
same moment all over the city, and when 
the police arrived the squads were gone. 

"We won the strike in six weeks. But 
w^hen the struggle was over the cheap 
labor politicians began to assert them- 
selves and the weapon I had taught them 
to use against the enemy they began to 
use on each other. When they started 
to slug each other to maintain themselves 
in office I quit and stepped down and 
out." — Chicago Tribune, Sept. 18, 191 5. 

Mr. Manhattan, who belongs to sev- 
eral clubs, walked into the police station. 
"I hear," he said to the sergeant at the 
desk, "that you have caught the burglar 
who broke into my home a few nights 
ago." 

"Yes," replied the sergeant. "Do you 
want to see him ?" 

"W^ell, I'd like to ask him how he got 
in without waking my wife. I've been 
trying to do that for the last 20 years." 



ELKS' GRAND LODGE CONVENTION. 
Order "Going Backward" Says a Member. 

The arrivals commenced about the 8th, 
which made the city look crowded from 
that time until the i6th, but I must con- 
fess I was disappointed. The decorations 
were not what I had expected and the 
Los Angeles bunch acted and said that 
they were doing a favor to receive the 
Elks who had invited themselves. I kept 
my ear to the ground, listening to every- 
thing, and not displaying an Elk button, 
heard more than I ever did regarding 
things we traveling men never learn. 

When the convention opened in the 
splendid Trinity Auditorium on Monday 
night, there was some enthusiasm, 
worked up by the Mayor, Mott and Rea- 
gan of the Los Angeles Lodge, but on 
Tuesday, when the Grand Lodge met for 
business, it was easy to see that the dele- 
gates were only interested in trying to 
find out who was ordered to be elected. 
A number of the delegates never saw the 
Grand Lodge after the election was over 
and went sight seeing, as though the 
Grand Lodge was not meeting*. Every- 
thing seemed to be cut and dried. * '■'■ * 

Baltimore beat Atlanta for the conven- 
tion of next year very easily by simply 
whispering that Georgia was a prohibi- 
tion state and all the work of Atlanta 
amounted to nothing in the face of that 
statement. The Elks are not soaks, but 
they don't like prohibition. All the talk 
about the great parades was newspaper 
bunk, as the floats and all the great fea- 
tures are in constant use to impress tour- 
ists and induce them to buv real estate in 
Southern California. 

In my opinion the Elks have had their 
day and are going backward, and I blame 
it on what seems to be club fever. The 
great desire of most lodges is to get a 
successful boose joint and when that is 
accomplished they shoot off hot air about 
having a great lodge. It seemed to me 
as if the order had got ofif the trail that 
gave it such a boom in the past. It's all 
politics, graft and money grubbing. 



* * 



I came up liere [Osceola, N. Y.] early 
this month and have not met an Elk. 
There are only about eight houses in the 
village and they are a mile apart, but the 
people are all on the level and don't make 
blufl:"s of beiuQ- fraternal when von know 



178 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



they are stringing you. One of the funny 
things at the convention was the excur- 
sion trains from the East. They were 
tilled by the Tourists Agencies with 
everybody who wanted to make the cheap 
trip, and the small lodges out there were 
conned into believing that they were en- 
tertaining Elks. One Jersey train had 
eighty-five women school teachers, who 
had no more to do with the Order of 
Elks than the ostrich farm in San Diego, 
but they got the candies just the same. 

Some time I will write you about my 
visits to the clubs and give you the fig- 
ures of the poker games and bar receipts 
which will be the only Elk news I appear 
to be able to gather. 

AMU see you some time next winter 
and tell you personally how great a joke 
the Elks appear to a 

Knight of the Grip. 
— TJic Elk's Antler, September, 191 5. 



ELKS MAKE SMALL GAIN. 
Lose 29,000 in One Year. 

In the Grand Secretary's report we 
find these figures : 
Initiated 43.183 

Dropped from the roll 16,228 

Demitted 7,843 

Deceased 4i7oi 

Expelled 232 



29,004 
From these figures it wnW be seen that 
24,071 were stricken from the roll and 
demitted. The expelled and deceased are 
not factors in the problem. Why should 
the order lose 24,071 members and only 
make a net gain of 14,179 or about three 
per cent? 

There must be some cause not fully ex- 
plained why 24,000 members of the order 
should relinquish its privileges and bene- 
fits and find within it nothing to retain 
their interest. To strike from the roll 
16,228, or an average of over twelve to 
each lodge, indicates a weakness that is 
difficult to analyze. * * * 

The writer does not pretend to answer 
the question, but would like some deep- 
thinking student of the order to find the 
solution, and if he can, to send his con- 
clusions to this paper which will gladly 
publish them and therebv stop a leak 
which is alarming. — The Elk's-Antler. 



POSSUM HUNTERS. 

Hartford, Ky., Sept. 2. — Mrs. Ellen 
Kincaid of this county awoke bright and 
early one morning for a big day's wash- 
ing for one of the neighbors. 

As she opened her door she read this 
warning posted there during the night : 

NOTICE. 

Hereafter washerwomen must charge 
I cent per piece of laundry. Those that 
don't will get whipped. 

(Signed) Possum Hunters. 

Mrs. Kincaid was not greatly startled. 
Something like that is likely to happen 
to anyone at any time in this county. She 
considered herself lucky because she 
hadn't been whipped first and warned 
afterwards, as is the custom with the 
Possum Hunters. 

But, the Possum Hunters didn't carry 
out their threats against the washerwom- 
en, for just at that time they had to get 
busy looking after their own interests. A 
grand jury had been called to make an 
investigation of the Possum Hunter out- 
rages in which one victim was killed and 
many whipped and which had so terror- 
ized the county that families have been 
sleeping under arms. 

Eighty-six were indicted. Their trials 
are now going on. Two have pleaded 
guilty and have been sentenced to the 
penitentiary. 

The Possum Hunters are something 
like the old-fashioned whitecaps. They 
are organized as a private court to ren- 
der a primitive kind of justice to pay ofif 
grudges and to ''regulate" persons and 
conditions they don't like. 

They have passwords and ''grips" and 
have been meeting once a week to pre- 
pare a list of their fellow citizens to be 
flogged during the following week. 

They whipped S. E. Gates, a wealthy 
farmer, and Gates, fearing for his life, is 
now advertising his farm for sale. 

They whipped a preacher whose 
preaching they didn't like and drove 
him out of the country ; they 
flogged Reuben Howard and his wife, so 
that Howard sold his grocery and moved 
elsewhere ; they sent a threat of whipping 
to a police judge who had offended them. 

They discussed, at a secret meeting, 
what punishment to mete out to a young 
son who owed one of them monev, but 
changed their minds and granted him a 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



179 



reprieve. They voted to whip Lon Bar- 
nard, a mine foreman, because he had 
denounced them publicly, but delayed 
execution when Barnard announced that 
he had bought four automatic guns to 
defend his home. — San Francisco Daily 
Nezvs. 



THE G. A. R. 

Rev. E. M. Ericksson, of Holmes City, 
Minnesota, writes that he has heard sev- 
eral speakers say that the old soldiers of 
the G. A. R. will go to heaven because 
they fought for their country. This 
teacher wants to know what the religious 
services of the G. A. R. are; and we ap- 
pend extracts from their "Service 
Book." 

Burial of the Dead. 

"Chaplain's address. — * * * It seems well 
we should leave our comrade to rest where 
over him will bend the arching sky, as it did 
in great love when he pitched his tent, or lay 
down, weary and footsore, by the way or on 
the battle-field for an hour's sleep. As he 
was then so he is still — in the hands of the 
Heavenly Father. 'God giveth His beloved 
sleep.' As we lay our comrade down to rest, 
let us cherish his virtues and learn to imitate 
them. Reminded forcibly by the vacant place 
so lately filled by him, that our ranks are 
thinning, let each one be so loyal to every vir- 
tue, so true to every friendship, so faithful in 
our remaining marches that we shall be ready 
to fall out to take our places at the great re- 
view hereafter, not without doubt, but in faith 
that the merciful Captain of our Salvation will 
call us to that fraternity which, on earth and 
in heaven, remains unbroken. (A pause for a 
moment.) Jesus said, 'Thy brother shall rise 
again. I am the Resurrection and the Life.' 
(The body is deposited in the grave or tomb.) 
Behold the silver cord is loosed, the golden 
bowl is broken ; we commit the body to the 
grave where dust shall return to earth, and 
the Spirit to God Who gave it. Earth to 
earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, looking for 
the resurrection and the life to come through 
our Lord Jesus Christ. Prayer." 

Memorial Day. 

Post assembled in the Post Hall. "Chaplain. 
— Almight Father ! Humbly we bow before 
Thee, our Creator, Preserver, Guide and Pro- 
tector. * * * Bless our country; bless our Or- 
der ; make it an instrument of great good, 
keep our names on the roll of Thy servants, 
and at last receive us into that Grand Army 
above, where Thou, O God, art the Supreme 
Commander." 

Public Service at Cemetery. The Chaplain 
reads a number of verses from the Scriptures 
(1 John 5:4, Eph. 6:10-18, 1 Tim. 1:18. 19) 
and closes with the following: "Our Savior, 
Jesus Christ, has abolished death and hath 
brought life and immortality to light through 
the gospel. 2 Tim. 1:10. Thou therefore, en- 



dure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus 
Christ. 2 Tim. 2 :3. For this mortal must put 
on immortality. So when this mortal shall 
have put on immortality, then shall be brought 
to pass the saying that is written, Death is 
swallowed up in victory. O death, where is 
thy sting? O grave where is thy victory? The 
sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin 
is the law. But thanks be to God, which 
giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus 
Christ. 1 Cor. 15:53-58. 

"Commander. — Attention ! Post. After such 
words from the Holy Scripture, it is fitting 
now that we invoke the Divine blessing. Pa- 
rade, Rest ! 

"Chaplain. — Let us pray. Almighty God ! in 
the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, who 
brought life and immortality to light, we bow 
before Thee on this Memorial Day. * * * And 
to the end that all for which we pray may be 
wrought out in us effectually, grant, O God ! 
that by Thy grace we may be enlisted in Thy 
great army of the redeemed under Jesus 
Christ, the Captain of our salvation. Amen." 

Public Exercises in Halls. "Commander. — 
* * -~^' This day is sacred with the almost visible 
presence of those who, out of prison-pens and 
hospitals, from camps and battlefields, have 
joined the innumerable company of those who 
muster to-day upon the parade ground of 
heaven. Comrades, Salute the Dead." 

The Burial Service used by the Grand 
Army of the Republic is suitable to be 
employed by any Christian church in the 
burial of its members. It needs no argu- 
ment to show that the G. A. R. is a 
worldly association, composed chiefly of 
worldly — not godly — men. 

Christian worship is the homage which 
regenerated men, who have fellowship 
with Christ, present to their Creator. It 
does not consist in form, but rather in 
spirit. For "God is a Spirit, and they 
that worship him must worship him in 
spirit and in truth." (John 4:24.) It 
follows, then, that unregenerate men 
cannot zvorship God. They ma}^ use the 
forms of worship, but such forms are 
but blasphemies in their mouths. "The 
carnal mind is enmity against God, for it 
is not subject to the law of God, neither 
indeed can be ; so then they that are in 
the flesh cannot please God." (Rom. 
8:7,8.) 



Rev. J. R. Millin, of Knoxville Col- 
lege, Knoxville, Tennessee, writes: "The 
August and September numbers of the 
Cynosure are at once powerful search- 
lights and sixteen inch guns in action 
against one of Satan's strong positions — 
the secret lodge system." 



180 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



Sittflrtal 



THE OLD NUMBER. . 

Four hundred or more of Masons liv- 
ing: within a circle of fortv miles extent, 
attended an evening banquet which was 
the fifth of Omar Grotto No. 38, Mystic 
Order of \ eiled Prophets of the En- 
chanted Reahii of Boston. The ntmiber 
remmds tis of an earHer gathering of 
their "ancient brethren" at Carmel — or 
of the slaying of the four htmdred at the 
Brook Kishon by another kind of prophet 
named Elijah. The mystic tie of sun 
worship, that nature cult held in com- 
mon, binds all these earlier four hundred 
prophets and these later four hundred 
prophets in one great superstition cen- 
tralizing in the sun. 



ODD-FELLOW MEMBERSHIP. 

Returning" not long ago to examine 
again the two chapters of "Modern Se- 
cret Societies" which relate to Odd-Eel- 
lowship, we noticed that this order is 
credited with being probably the most im- 
portant next to Ereemasonry. This rank 
is attributed partly to the number of 
members. Turning to a table showing the 
membership of fraternal organizations in 
the United States and Canada, we found 
that among the large number of orders 
only the two here mentioned enroll more 
than one million adherents. It was start- 
ling to notice that they were relatively 
small in comparison with more than one 
Christian denomination. Since then, we 
have found in the September number of 
the Odd-Fellow Review an editorial 
claim that "Odd-Eellowship has become 
the largest, and is still growing the most 
rapidly," of all secret orders in Amer- 
ica. "According to the last reports of 
the supreme bodies of these organiza- 
tions to The World Almanac" for 1915, 
there are 1,609,906 members in this so- 
ciety. They are gathered largely from 
the wage earning class, though not quite 
wholly. 

The reported membership doubtless in- 
cludes a very large number retained on 
the lists of local lodges while, after all, 
not to the greatest possible extent under 
their influence. Neglect of regular lodge 
meetings, to say nothing of absence from 



excursions, banquets and related gather- 
ings, no doubt reduces to a considerable 
degree the deplorable effects which the 
order must have on some of its more at- 
tentive devotees. Nevertheless, it is a 
sad reflection that a vast multitude re- 
main constantly under its deceptive guid- 
ance and misleading influence. 



DEATH IN PRISON. 

August ninth, the Warden of Charles- 
town sti:te prison, Boston, Mass., notified 
a member of the New York City police 
force that his father had died. It was 
eight years and one week from the time 
when this life prisoner, first sentenced to 
electrocution, committed a secret society 
murder. Friday night, Aug. 2, 1907, the 
Chinatown of Boston was gay with dec- 
orations for an Old Home Week celebra- 
tion. Suddenly a group of members of 
the secret order called. Hep Sing Tong 
opened fire in the street on members of 
the On Leong Tong. Arrests began with- 
in two hours. The latest one was that of 
this man, who was regarded as the brainy 
man behind the murders. He won a re- 
prieve, and at length escaped death al- 
though others went to the electric chair. 
His life sentence has now been served. 
One of those who were convicted sur- 
vives in the prison, serving a similar sen- 
tence after having been with him in the 
death house. In 1909 three were exe- 
cuted. 

Warry S. Charles, the one who has 
lately died, had an American wife who 
was his school mate in Nebraska. When 
he became ill he was at first attended by 
the assistant Physician, who is a former 
Harvard football captain. Afterward, 
the prison physician, who like himself is 
in prison for life, did all he could to save 
him. This one is a Boston doctor sen- 
tenced for manslaughter. Warry Charles, 
a well educated man and prosperous in 
business, is credited by the warden with 
having made an excellent prisoner 
obedient to prison rtiles. Secret society 
membership has been his ruin. 



FACTS. 

We borrow from an editorial page 
universally acknowledged to be among 
the very best in the country, both the 
simple heading and the concluding para- 
graph of an editorial article. Other 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



181 



writers for the press ought, like editors 
themselves, to realize the fundamental 
truth stated in the final sentence. No 
one need deny the force of an epithet or 
the power of an ad captandun phrase 
to move great audiences for a nioment, 
or influence great masses of half trained 
and biased minds through the transient 
period of a political campaign. These 
catch words can be fully recognized and 
estimated without detraction from the 
credit due to what outlasts them, ex- 
ceeds them in effective momentum, and 
gains more readily while it retains more 
securely the allegiance of strong and in- 
fluential minds. Only truth is steadfast 
strength ; facts are the only solid and 
permanent anchorage. Facts inherent 
in secret orders are what alone justify 
true statements that condemn any fea- 
ture of their life or their organization. 
Prejudice or imperfect information is 
no full equipment for a polemic writer ; 
he may well lay down his pen to in- 
trench himself in fact and arm himself 
with truth. These will preserve him 
from misdirected argument or over- 
strained statement, more damaging to 
his own case than ''faint praise." Let 
us heed the lesson given by an editor 
of peculiar ability, training and expe- 
rience. 

"The boy in college who dreams of an 
editorial desk is apt to think of editor- 
ial writing as varying between flaming 
attack upon the enemies of the republic, 
and no less eloquent appeal to the nobler 
natures of the electorate. If it does no 
more than that it does not get far or 
last long. Time and occasion call for 
the expression of righteous indignation, 
but it must be informed by knowledge. 
That by which the intelligent mind is 
moved is the presentation of fact, stated 
as simply as it can be put." 



SUBSTITUTED CLEAVAGE. 

"Query : How far do the fraternal so- 
cieties that now abound develop a sense 
of true human brotherhood ; and how far 
do they merely substitute new lines of 
cleavage in place of those that existed 
before?" sagaciouslv incpiires a bright re- 
ligious newspaper that represents a lead- 
ing denomination. The reply should take 
account of something more than segre- 
gation in separate camps or settlements. 



It must seek a reason beyond prefer- 
ences and comparisons. The cleavage is 
not fully accounted for by relative 
amount of real or imagined benefit. Not 
that actual diversities found among these 
orders need be wholly ignored as having 
no such effect. Sick benefits, and death 
benefits, as well as aid in the form of 
helpful influence, may often incite di- 
visive comparisons between societies of 
diverse names. 

Yet there extends through the whole 
system a more complete and uniformly 
effective cause of cleavage. It is ex- 
clusiveness inseparable from secrecy. 
Each of the countless orders and 
Qegrees shuts its own doors close. This 
does far more than set one group of 
members apart from a similar one. Like- 
wise, it does more than establish cleav- 
age between one society and a few neigh- 
boring ones. With one full sweep of ex- 
clusion it forces away all societies and 
all human society. It distinctly divides 
the world into two camps ; one, its own 
limited organization ; the other, all the 
rest of human life. Like a prison, a lodge 
locks in all who are inside, and locks out 
all who are outside. Or, again, each so- 
ciety builds a wall and digs a moat of 
ritual and obligation about its own close- 
guarded castle. Hence an identical means 
of cleavage, operating in manifold forms 
and in a thousand places, seams and 
marks off the territory with manifold di- 
visions. Each society, by itself, shuts out 
the whole world ; all lodges hide apart 
from all diff'erent lodges, and moreover 
from all humanitv. What cleavao'e could 
do more ? 



GIFT TO THE UNIVERSITY. 

The great university which is named 
from its location in our own city, has 
lately received a gift of propertv with 
which to endow a lectureship limited to 
the range of sciences affecting the knowl- 
edge of human society and welfare. The 
income from the new endowment will 
not only provide the lectures but also, 
when desirable, secure their publication. 
The several topics within the prescribed 
range are to be selected by the university 
board of trustees, with the purpose to add 
to the sum of practical knowledge and to 
aid in the solution of the more vital prob- 
lems of human life. The lectures are to 



182 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



be eminent in scholarship, or otherwise 
endowed with quaHlications rendering 
them authorities in their special subjects. 
The donors of the property wdiich will 
eventually endow this Nathaniel Colver 
lectureship, are Mr. and Mrs. Jesse L. 
Rosenberg-er of this city. 

Dr. Colver for whom the new founda- 
tion is named, was an eminent preacher 
who hlled pastorates in Boston, Detroit, 
Cincinanti, and Chicago. He was also 
the founder of Colver Institute in Rich- 
mond. \ irginia. The selection of his 
name for this lectureship may have been 
due, at least in part, to a connection 
wdiich there seems reason to think he 
held with the old Chicago University, of 
which the present one may be considered 
a revival or continuation. Dr. Colver was 
not only an eminent preacher but also an 
eminent reformer. He was actively en- 
gaged in the antislavery cause, and was 
an outspoken repudiator of Freemasonry. 
How^ he came to feel free to tell the truth 
about Masonry, is explained in what he 
wrote by request to another who had be- 
longed to the order. From that letter we 
condense the following extract: "Your 
friend requests me to express to you my 
opinion as to your liberty, as a Royal 
Arch Mason, to publish the secrets of 
Masonry within your knowledge. The 
time was when I supposed the obligations 
of Masonry binding upon me. It was at 
the time when all the secrets of Masonry 
were published and Masons were every- 
where denying the disclosures. I felt 
that, though silent, I was indorsing de- 
ception and lying ; and yet, my oaths 
bound me from frankness and truth. I 
did not suffer more while under convic- 
tion for sin. While in this terrible state 
I read one morning, in the providence of 
God, for our family worship concerning 
the forty Jews who bound themselves 
under an oath not to eat till they had 
killed Paul. It struck me and unfettered 
iny thoughts. I soon arrived at the con- 
viction that they were morally bound — 
not by, but to repent of their oath ; that 
■any oaths that contravened the law of 
"God were a matter of repentance and 
abandonment. I got free, with repent- 
ance and brokenness of heart. I am free 
to say that it is my deliberate opinion 
that the vicious character of Masonry, 
and its guilt concealing and barbarous 



oaths, are such as not only to release all 
from their bonds but also to lay upon 
them the solemn obligation to tear off its 
covering and expose its enormity." 



THE SHAME OF GEORGIA. - 

*'It is apparent," remarks the Spring- 
field, Mass., Union, "that a great many 
Georgians who are expressing themselves 
in this connection lose sight entirely of 
the main principle involved. They can 
see no difference between Frank's being 
captured and hanged as he was, and the 
execution of a prisoner through the proc- 
ess of law after being fairly convicted. In 
their minds there is no particular harm 
involved in the fact that law and gov- 
ernment have been overthrown and tram- 
pled upon. In this respect their attitude 
bears more than a local and passing sig- 
nificance." 

It likewise bears significance well 
worth considering when it throws light 
on the almost identical attitude of some 
minds that are warped by secret society 
influence. When a human mind is con- 
trolled b) superstitious ideas of imag- 
ined authority, no sudden impulse is 
needed to make it play into the service of 
almost any madness or wickedness what- 
ever. It is not heated with frenzy, it is 
chilled to the point of moral insensibility 
and mental stupidity. "They lose sight 
entirely of the main principles involved ; 
they can see no difference." One is 
startlingly leminded of what he has well 
known about the sources of endorsement 
for crime committed under secret society 
guidance, when he reads in the same arti- 
cle these indisputable words : "The mob 
that lynched Frank may have been com- 
posed of county officials, church deacons 
and other leaders of community affairs 
but it was a mob all the same." 



A PROBABLE IMPRESSION. 

Since words not only denote ideas but 
also create impressions, both effects must 
be taken into account by every careful 
writer. Of two words equally true, one 
may be courteous, the other offensive or 
at least irritating. Truth and bluntness 
are not precisely equivalent. So, also, a 
careless statement which is not quite 
positively false can be effectually mis- 
leading. It should be revised so as to 
become both true and incapable of being 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



183 



misunderstood, or of leaving even a 
vaguely wrong impression 

Such carefulness is the more needful 
when minds to be influenced, being al- 
ready prone to error, are alert to catch 
at any supporting word for their sinking 
cause. No one dreams that people always 
feel the strong force of an indisputable 
reason ; it may almost as often be the 
case that what they feel is the impulse 
of an impression. This may be uncon- 
sciously betrayed by the remark, "I have 
always felt such or such a thing to be 
true." 'T have long seen this to be 
true," might imply the result of reason- 
ing. Our own opinion on this very point 
is an error, if it is not commonly the 
case that an opinion depends quite as 
much on feeling as on seeing. It may 
happen to serve the uses of a true opin- 
ion, yet be an impression. 

Taking into account, then, the effec- 
tive force of impressions, together with 
their ready access to minds already made 
warmly susceptible to them, one must 
reasonably fear the effect of such a state- 
ment as ''Christianity is a sect." He 
will fear the eifect much in proportion 
as he knows human nature and its fre- 
quent attitude toward Christianity. Bear- 
ing in mind the intellectual character of 
many who are collectively and rather 
colloquially called "joiners," and real- 
izing the way many among them regard 
piety, he will deprecate the teaching that 
stigmatizes ''prominent reference" to 
Christianity as "savoring of sectarian- 
ism," since, like Mohammedanism and 
various others, "Christianity is a sect." 
Whether the statement is false or true 
is another question. We are not just 
now criticising the speaker ; we are 
watching the hearer to detect the im- 
pression made by the speech. If we find 
him already a devoted Odd-Fellow, and 
hear one of his highest official author- 
ities assure him that "Christianity is a 
sect" with which Odd-Fellowship has 
"no affinity," we shall fear that like plas- 
tic wax he will receive the impression 
that Odd-Fellowship is even more than a 
"good enough religion" — that it is pref- 
erable to the Christian religion. That 
Christianity can be safely ignored is no 
surprising inference, and that the gospel 
of Christ is to be neglected is a nowise 
unlikely impression. 



MmB of ®ur Woxk 



NEW YORK-NEW JERSEY CONVEN- 
TION. 

The New York and New Jersey Con- 
vention of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation will be held in the Christian Re- 
formed church, Rochester, N. Y., Octo- 
ber i8th and 19th. The opening ses- 
sion will be on Monday evening at 7 45 
o'clock. There will be three sessions 
on Tuesday. An interesting program 
is being arranged. Those wishing pro- 
grams or expecting to attend should 
write Rev. Herman Bel, 698 North 
Goodman street, Rochester, N. Y. The 
Eastern Secretary is in charge of ar- 
rangements for the Convention. 



The Indiana State Convention will 
not be held in October as planned. It 
was found to be impractical to hold it 
in Peru and another place has not as 
vet been selected. 



IOWA CONVENTION. 

On October 19th and 20th the Iowa 
State Christian Association will hold its 
Annual Meeting to listen to addresses 
from President Blanchard of Wheaton 
College, Rev. Mead A. Kelsey Field 
Agent and Lecturer of the National 
Christian Association and a number of 
others, two addresses will be in the Hol- 
land language. The Convention will meet 
in the First Christian Reformed Church. 
Pella, Iowa. We have not received the 
program of the full convention, and 
hence cannot make more complete an- 
nouncement than the above. 

Those wishing entertainment while in 
Pella, will address at once Rev. A. H. 
Brat, Otley, Iowa, the State Treasurer, 
who has that matter in charge. There 
will be reports on the past year and the 
election of officers for the year to come. 
It is hoped that all churches that are 
friendlv will send deles^ates. Everv one 
is invited, but es])ecially those who have 
questions to ask because their minds are 
not quite clear on some phases of the 
lodge question. 



"Christ is the Prince of Peace, and 
the devil is the prince of division." 



184 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



REPORT OF FIELD AGENT. 

RE\'. MEAD A. KELSEV. 

It is with pleasure that I greet the 
Cynosure family and render this my 
lirst report. A considerable part of the 
month has been employed in moving my 
family to 221 College avenue, Richmond, 
Ind., and in getting settled there. 

]\Iy experience on the field, though 
brief, has furnished some interesting in- 
cidents, and on the whole has been en- 
couraging. I have had many personal 
interviews — quite a number of them with 
lodge men — some of wdiich I have reason 
to believe will yield results. One 32nd 
degree Scottish Rite Mason and Shriner 
is reading Finney's exposition of 
3*Iasonrv with much interest, and I have 
hope of winning him, but such come 
hard. ]\Iy greatest hope is in preventa- 
tive work — that of keeping young men 
w^ho are not already involved out of the 
lodge. 

One interesting experience was with 
a bright, and I believe conscientious 
young minister of the United Brethren 
church (Liberal). He is a member of 
two orders, and when I pointed out to 
him the fact that they both, while re- 
quiring an acknowledgment of God, 
omitted Jesus Christ, by whom alone we 
can come to God. he replied that the 
confession of one article of faith did not 
necessarily deny another not mentioned 
that was not inconsistent with it. Then 
I pointed out to him that the lodges not 
only omitted but actually barred the 
doctrine of Christ. When we parted he 
promised if we had a convention in his 
city that he would attend some of its 
sessions. 

Immediately after getting settled I at- 
tended the Western Yearly Meeting of 
the Friends church, where I was ac- 
corded a generous hearing. First I ad- 
dressed the "Meeting on Ministry and 
Oversight," composed of the ministers, 
elders and overseers of the Yearly Meet- 
ing. After I had finished my address a 
minister arose and said that he had been 
a Mason ; had initiated many men into 
the mysteries of the order, and he wanted 
to testify that every word I had spoken 
was true. Then another who had been 
at the head of an Odd-Fellows lodge told 
of how he and three others had left the 
lodge at the same time. Then the clerk 



of the Yearly jMeeting, who is also 
pastor of the Indianapolis Friends 
church and one of the foremost young 
men of the denomination, arose and said 
that while not without previous convic- 
tion upon the subject he was greatly in- 
debted to the speaker for further infor- 
mation, and if the facts were as repre- 
sented, wdiich he had no occasion to 
doubt, the situation was really alarm- 
ing. The immediate outcome of it all 
was that the body appointed four of its 
members as a standing committee for the 
year to attend to the distribution of lit- 
eratin"e among the churches of the Year- 
ly Meeting. 

After this a public meeting was ar- 
ranged for in one of the large tents on 
the grounds where I had the pleasure of 
addressing a good audience. At the 
close of my address eighteen men arose 
to signify that they had quit the lodge, 
and seven of these were ministers. One 
notable thing was that nearly everyone 
who testified witnessed to the fact that 
he had been led out of the lodge by the 
Spirit of God. One was a traveling man 
who was converted on a train in answer 
to the prayers of his wife, and immedi- 
ately, he said, everything went out of his 
grip and out of the car window, that was 
not consistent with the Christian life, 
and, at the same time, he turned his back 
upon the lodge. He is now a Gideon and 
leading other men to Christ. This testi- 
mony, I believe, w^as given after the 
meeting, but several witnessed effective- 
ly in the meeting, one of them being a 
young minister who, with tears, told of 
the struggle he went through before he 
gave up and said. Yes, to the Spirit of 
God. That evening groups of people 
were discussing the lodge question all 
over the grounds and there is reason to 
believe much good was done. 

Two incidents were related to me pri- 
vately that are worthy of record. A 
man who attended a recent corner stone 
laying or dedication of a Masonic tem- 
ple, in Indianapolis, said that after the 
ceremony and address by former \Tce 
President Fairbanks, a leading Mason, 
the benediction was pronounced in the 
name of the Father and Holy Spirit, the 
name of Christ being omitted. The other 
incident was that of a Presbyterian min- 
ister who was saved from Masonry by 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



185 



reading Dr. Blanchard's "Modern Secret 
Societies." The man was a frequent 
visitor at the home of a friend's min- 
ister to whom he had communicated his 
intention of joining the lodge. The 
friend wishing him to read the book and 
yet preferring that he should ask for it, 
laid it on the center table by which the 
Presbyterian brother usually sat when 
he came in. And sure enough the next 
time he came be picked up the book, 
looked at the title and then said, 
"There's a book I would like to read." 
"Very well," said the friend, "take it 
along." In a few days he returned it 
with the remark, "I guess that I will 
not join the lodge now." 

I may add that I had a good sale of 
books at the Yearly Meeting, mostly of 
Pres. Blanchard's "Modern Secret So- 
cities," and Chas. G. Finney's "Charac- 
ter, Claims and Practical Workings of 
Freemasonry." 

Richmond, Ind. 



EDWARD BRACE. 

In the death of Edward Brace on July 
22nd, 1915, in his 93d year, the Asso- 
ciation not only has to record the passing 
of an old member, but of one that was 
unusually helpful by his unvarying sym- 
pathy, co-operation, and financial help 
for many years. 

Mr. Brace was born in Sheldon. New 
York, May 27th, 1822 ; at the age of 16 
his father moved to Indiana. In 1855 
Mr. Brace became a resident of Blue 
Earth County, Minnesota, but for the 
last nine years he has resided in Sawtelle, 
California. He was deeply interested in 
Christian work. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. He left a good 
testimony for Christ in all the places 
where he has lived. 



CORRECTION. 

"Chips," by Rev. B, E. Bergeson, print- 
ed on page 156 of the September Cyno- 
sure should have been credited to the 
Lutheran Herald. 



Clymer, N. Y., Sept. 8, 1915. 
God bless you in your hard and blessed 
work. We can all help by praying for 
you that you may be able to push the 
battle against our most fashionable na- 
tional sin. (Rev.) A. Klerk. 



EASTERN SECRETARY'S REPORT. 

RI^V. W. J;. STODDARD. 

I am writing from Houghton, Xew 
York, where the Wesleyan College noted 
for reforms and reformers is located. 
For more than a week I have been the 
guest of our good friend, Professor H. 
R. Smith whose faithful horse has hauled 
us over many hills that we might carry 
messages of light to those in need. A 
series of meetings have been held, and a 
number of Cynosure readers secured. It 
was a special privilege to address the 
Wesleyan College students for an hour 
yesterday. Several of the citizens who 
have been present at my address in the 
Wesleyan church, on the Sabbath were 
also present that they might learn more 
concerning the matter. 

The lecture in the Free Methodist 
church, Rushford, and the two lectures in 
the Fillmore Wesleyan church, were well 
attended. There were quite a number of 
the Masons in the audience at Fillmore 
to hear what I had to say about how the 
lodge initiates candidates. Very likely 
they will be asked to answer many ques- 
tions as the town was considerably 
stirred by my address. I find that there 
are several in this locality who have re- 
nounced their lodge allegiance. One 
young preacher who was warned, and so 
should have known better, recentlv tied 
himself up with the ungodly in the Fill- 
more Masonic lodge. He did not attend 
either of the lectures though especially 
invited to do so, and seems determined to 
keep his eyes closed to the Truth. 

These old Empire State hills look much 
as they did over thirty years ago when 
your representative began his anti secrecy 
work here. Dear brother Capewell whose 
home was thrown open for me, has been 
on the other side for twenty-six years. 
His good wife but recently joined him. 
The "Morgan Antimasons" are largely 
gone. The present generation cares for 
the cattle on the hills. They are gener- 
ally more concerned about dairies that 
bring them wealth than the moral issues 
that would require them to travel the 
"straight and narrow way." There is, 
however, a growing reform sentiment 
and what they seem to need is some 
Moses to lead them. The Weslevan 
College at Houghton, does not fail t') let 
its light shine. Loyal and true men and 



186 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



women are here being prepared for the 
great work that awaits them. 

I had thought to hold the New York 
State convention this year with our good 
friends at Corona. Long Island, but it 
has been suggested that a convention is 
timely and much needed in the western 
part of this state. I hope soon to arrange 
definitely for the time and place of this 
meeting. 

All things considered, Ohio did well 
in its State Convention at Belle Center. A 
show with brass band accompaniment 
was brought to the town at the time of 
our gathering, I was told that the show 
largely captured the crowd but our 
friends stood by their meetings well, and 
some of the lodge folks slipped in to see 
what was going on. All of the addresses 
were of a high order and the friends 
were glad that the convention was held 
there. 

The Wesleyan pastors of the Ohio 
Conference assembled at Harrison chapel 
near Pataskala, w^elcomed my address 
and gave support to the N. C. A. work. 
I was told there were a few who did not 
come to the lecture because they did not 
wish to offend their neighbors who were 
connected with the lodges. Sad indeed 
that any should be so faint-hearted. 

Two days were spent attending the 
Yearly Meeting of Friends at Damascus, 
Ohio. Not all the pastors were glad to 
see me, but your representative was 
given a place with the visiting ministers 
on the platform, and was not called to 
order when he gave a message of greet- 
ing as the "spirit moved" him. I am told 
the ministry of Ohio Yearly Meeting of 
the Friends is free from the lodge, and 
an effort is made to keep the membership 
out of such entangling alliances. Some 
wish the subject discussed ; others do not. 
There is a good sized meeting of the 
*'Guerney Friends" at Damascus, some 
of whom were acquainted with my 
friend Edwin P. Sellew, of blessed 
memory. 

Our new State Secretary, Rev. A. R. 
Lembke of Salem, was glad when I 
stopped for a little visit, and to plan for 
larger work. It seems likely that we 
should hold the next annual State Con- 
vention at Canton or Orville or in that 
neighborhood. Will not the friends in 



that section begin to pray and work to 
make it the best meeting yet? '.-.t ,. 

A Sabbath spent with the Church of 
the Brethren, at Oakton, Virginia, was 
cheering. Their church membership is 
growing rapidly. They wish another an- 
tilodge address during the holidays. Hur- 
rying north through the Cumberland Val- 
ley, I made stops at Waynesboro, Cham- 
bersburg and Shiremanstown, Pennsyl- 
vania, where I took Cynosure subscrip- 
tions. President J. W. Burton of the 
Pennsylvania State Association invited 
me to give the opening sermon at the 
meeting of the Pennsylvania Conference 
at the Radical United Brethren which 
will gather in Chambersburg, September 
29th, and I expect to be able to comply 
with this request. 



"LIZZIE WOODS' LETTER." 

San Antonio, Texas, Sept. 2d, 191 5. 
Dear Cynosure: 

This finds me in the big, old Mexican 
town of San Antonio. I am yet on the 
firing line and driving furiously (H 
Kings 9:20). That is what the lodge 
men say about me when they hear their 
secrets exposed. 

I wrote my last letter for the Cyno- 
sure, from Paris, Texas. After I re- 
ceived the supply of tracts I lectured on 
"The Separation of God's Church from 
the World." The Scriptures used were 
Ps. 1:1, n Cor. 6:14-18 and Rev. 18:4. 
I said that God is weary of this wicked 
nation, for it has become a cage of un- 
clean birds. The light has come, and the 
secrets are opened and you cannot hide 
any longer. God sent me to tell you that 
this nation is as a drop in a bucket (Isa. 
40:15). Then as I told them their ugly 
secrets, oaths and penalties, the men's 
eyes shone so in the windows and doors 
that I could not keep from laughing. 
There were a thousand people, white and 
black, and they kept very quiet. Some of 
the colored women told us that they were 
going to get the white people to lynch us. 
So I said to the white people that night 
(for there were more than 200 of them, 
women, men and children), that some of 
my colored sisters said, as we passed their 
house, that they were going to have you 
lynch me for telling them of their sins. 
Now, I said, if I am lynched to-night, I 
would just as soon go to Heaven from 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



187 



Paris, Texas, as from my home in Ar- 
genta, Arkansas. I am going to tell my 
people how to get rid of their sins, and 
if you white people come, the same mes- 
sage that is good for my people is good 
or yoii. If you are not saved from sin 
you are not saved from anything, for that 
is what Jesus left his home above to do. 
The angel said to j^^ary, "She shall bring 
forth a son, and thou shalt call his name 
Jesus, for he shall save his people from 
their sins." I don't believe that there is a 
white man or woman in this tabernacle 
that would kill me for telling the truth 
about your lodge, religion, and other 
sins. When I said that, many of them 
shook their heads, letting me know that 
there was no danger. I said, I will tell 
the truth even if I go up to Heaven by 
the dynamite route. 

I told them about the Elks and Frogs 
and Red Men and Woodmen and the Big 
Dogs and the Owls. God made them im- 
mortal souls and they call themselves dogs 
and frogs and all that kind of stuff! I 
gave out the tracts and they read them. 
The next day they said, "No one must 
hurt that woman, for either God sent her 
or she has lost her mind. No one would 
dare to do what she does unless either 
God has sent her or she has lost her 

mind, for the Masons will kill anvbodv 

-J 

who exposes their secrets." I said, Yes, 
I am glad I lost my mind, for now I 
have the mind of Christ (i Cor. 2:16). 

I left Paris and went to Denison, Tex- 
as, on the 5th of August and left there 
on the loth for Fort Worth. We were 
flooded out at Denison, for our tent was 
not a good one. However, I left a good 
number of tracts. We went then to Fort 
Worth where I lectured five nights, gave 
out the tracts and had my rituals on sale. 
The men were surprised and they said 
"God is after this people, for no one has 
ever seen the thing opened up like this 
before." They said they would have the 
police come down and make us leave ; 
so the policeman came and stood outside 
for two nights, and on the third night 
he brought his wife and child and sat 
right in front of me on the seats reserved 
for the white people, and listened to all I 
said. When I would say Mah-hah-bone 
or Boaz, he would laugh so that he could 
not hold up his head. I said. Thank God 
for bringing the officers of the law among 



us, for now I know we will have good 
order so that every one may hear. Many 
came to the altar at every place where 
we have been and were sanctified and 
saved. When a man gets sanctified he 
will give up his sins and his idol worship. 

Well I thank God that although I am 
500 miles away from my husband, He 
that sent me is with me ; the Father has 
never left me alone, for I always do those 
things that please him (John 8:29). 

God bless the lecturers out on the field 
in the service of the N. C. A. It may 
seem dangerous at times but Jesus says 
when the storm is raging "It is I, be not 
afraid" (Mark 6:50). The Devil said to 
me when I left Arkansas, If you go to 
Texas and show the rituals, you will be 
killed. I fell on my knees and said, Lord, 
if you will go with me to Texas or any- 
where else, I will go. I got the answer, 
"Go," and got up and packed my grip 
and those rituals and came right down. 

Yours for Him who said "I am the 
Way, the Truth and the Life." 

Lizzie Roberson. 



REPORT OF SOUTHERN AGENT. 

REV. F. J. DAVIDSON. 

Since my last letter I have had a very 
busy month. Mrs. Davidson has been in 
fairly good health although she suffered 
a very severe attack of heart trouble, but 
thank God at this writing all seems well. 

I have preached and lectured at a num- 
ber of points of interest. In St. Joseph's 
church, Bayou Jacob, of which Rev. O. 
Foster is the pastor, lodges have a strong 
influence, but I had a very good sized 
audience which paid close attention. I 
think some seed took root in good soil. 
At Pilgrim Rest church, although it was 
communion service. Rev. W. W. George- 
town, President of the Hawville parish 
ministers' conference and one of our 
most loyal antisecrecy friends, gave me 
ten minutes to present our work, and to- 
wards which he personally contributed. 

In Plaquemine, Dr. J. S. Jones of St. 
Peter church, although an adhering se- 
cretist, gave opportunity for me to lec- 
ture to his young people, and also to 
preach at 11 A. M. Sunday to his con- 
gregation. 

At Dorceyville I attended the I\L''u's- 
ters' Conference and was privilege ' to 
speak. The ^^^oman^s Auxiliary to the 



188 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



Conference was trying to raise money to 
help meet an obligation on the Baton 
Rouge college, which is their district 
school. They had arranged a prize con- 
test, that is to say, each preacher was to 
preach and raise a collection, and the one 
raising the largest collection was to re- 
ceive the first prize ; next largest the sec- 
ond prize, and so on. I refused to par- 
ticipate in the scheme on the ground that 
such gambling devices are out of har- 
mony with the teaching of the Scripture. 
I have never taken part in such festivi- 
ties under the guise of religion and never 
will. The secret lodge system was con- 
demned as anti-Christian. 

In Xew Orleans I preached and lec- 
tured for Rev. J. A. Cox, pastor of St. 
INIary's Fourth Baptist church, where I 
was baptized more than 30 years ago. I 
also preached for Dr. John Marks, Rev. 
J. Tolbert, Rev. E. N. Webb, Rev. B. J. 
Porter and Rev. Robert Frazier. They 
all received me very kindly. I tried to 
arrange for an antisecrecy conference in 
Xew Orleans, but without success. I 
have arranged with Mrs. Lizzie Woods 
Roberson to assist me in an antisecrecy 
conference here at Progressive church, 
\Miite Castle, Oct. ist to 3d. I think we 
will have a good meeting. My member- 
ship is small and they have cheerfully 
offered the use of their building for such 
a meeting. 

There was a Grand Lodge of Odd-Fel- 
lows and Household of Ruth held in 
Donaldsonville a few weeks ago, but not- 
withstanding the scarcity of work, small 
wages and hardness of the times, there 
were two special car loads wdiich con- 
veyed the delegates alone over the Texas 
and Pacific Railroad. The Y. and M. V., 
the Thibodaux line, the L. R. & N. and 
the Southern Pacific all conveyed large 
delegations to the secret conclave of the 
mystic workers of iniquity. 

I am being sorely persecuted and bad- 
ly misrepresnted by lodge lovers here, but 
thank God, Truth is mighty and will pre- 
vail. 

The Cynosure is opening the eyes of 
many to the sin and danger of the secret 
lodges. Let us watch and pray and wait 
on the Lord. 



When a man gits perfektly kontented, 
he and a clam are fust couzins. 



OHIO STATE CONVENTION. P J 

Secretary's Minutes. 

The Ohio State Convention of the Na- 
tional Christian Association opened ac- 
cording to announcement in the United 
Presbyterian church, Belle Center, on 
Tuesday evening, August 24th. Presi- 
dent H. R. Smith presided. After sing- 
ing the first Psalm, prayer was offered 
by Rev. W. S. Gottshall. President 
Smith then read the eighth chapter of 
Ezekiel with appropriate comments. 

In the address of welcome, Rev. R. W. 
Piper spoke of wdiat he hoped the Con- 
vention would accomplish. He said, 
We have difficulty in assailing an insti- 
tution without, in a measure, assailing 
the individual members of it, but that is 
not a serious objection because it is the 
individual whom we wish tO' help into 
the light. 

President Smith, in the response, as- 
sured all present that the National Chris- 
tian Association appreciated the oppor- 
tunity aff'orded by the Convention to 
spread the truth. He said that the con- 
flict is unavoidable. Truth and error al- 
ways conflict. 

Rev. W. W. Kennerly being unable to 
attend. Rev. W. S. Gottshall gave a 
forceful address, pointing out many rea- 
sons for our opposition to the lodge. 

The president appointed the follow- 
ing members of committees : Resolu- 
tions, Rev. R. Hargrave, Pres. C. A. 
Blanchard and Mr. R. M. McFarland ; 
Nominations, Revs. J. M. Paris, W. S. 
Gottshall and J. T. Brown; State Work, 
R. W. Piper, \j. B. Omerod and A. I. 
Yoder ; Finance, Revs. C. Z. Yoder, W. 
B. Stoddard and Mr. F. J. Stewart. 

The Convention then adjourned for 
the evening. 

The Wednesday morning session met 
in the same place and devotional exer- 
cises were conducted by Rev. J. M. Paris. 
The secretary of the Association being 
absent, Rev. W. B. Keys was elected 
secretary pro tem. 

Letters to the Convention were then 
read, and upon motion were referred to 
the editor of the Cynosure. 

Report on State Work. 

The reports of committees being called 
for, Rev. R. W. Piper read the follow- 
ing report on State Work, which was 
adopted : 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



189 



Your committee on State Work respectfully 
reports that while conditions in our state are 
far from being what they should be, neverthe- 
less we notice a growing tendency towards 
betterment in the right direction. This is par- 
ticularly manifest in the cause of temperance, 
but also in other lines of reform. 

Eastern Secretary Stoddard has given nearly 
three months of his time during the year to 
work in this state. The results of his labors 
have been good and he informs us that he 
has secured an unusually large number of sub- 
scribers in this region to the Christian Cyno- 
sure. Moreover there have been more calls 
for antise^recy lectures than could be given. 
Wherever meetings liave been held, they have 
been well attended and a live interest mani- 
fested in the work which we are carrying on. 

We recommend that, First, A suitable man 
be secured as State Agent, who shall give 
part or all of his time to this work, as means 
and opportunity shall enable. Second, That 
the State Executive Committee, composed of 
the state officers, be empowered to use at 
their discretion, any funds in the state treas- 
ury for the furtherance of the work, and to 
report on same at the next annual meeting. 
Third, That so far as practical, local unions 
of friends be formed to co-operate in support 
of the state work. Fourth, That pastors 
throughout the state who are in sympathy with 
the work, be requested to preach one or more 
sermons of the lodge during the coming year. 
Signed, R, W. Piper and A. I. Yoder. 
New^ State Officers. 

The Committee on Nominations pre- 
sented the following- list of ofhcers for 
the coming year. The report was 
adopted. For President, Rev. A. W. 
Harrold, Columbiana ; Vice President, 
Rev. S. H. Miller, Sugar Creek ; Secre- 
tary, Rev, A. R. Lembke, Salem ; Treas- 
urer, Rev. C. Z. Yoder, Wooster, Ohio. 

A Question Box, conducted by Rev. 
W. P). Stoddard, was substituted for the 
address scheduled to be given by Rev. C. 
Z. Yoder, who was unavoidedly absent. 
Then followed an address by President 
H. R. Smith, which was listened to with 
profit. His subject was, "Is the Position 
of the Churches Which Exclude Lodge 
Members Scriptural and Right?" 

The afternoon session was opened by 
devotional exercises, which were led by 
Rev. R. Hargrave. Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard then delivered his chart talk on 
"Masonic Initiation." 

The Committee on Resolutions pre- 
sented their report, which was adopted, 
section by section. The resolutions are 
as follows : 

Whereas trouble in the world, is the re- 
sult of the failure of men to recognize the 
laws of Christ as supreme in all relations in 
life, and 



Whereas there is no greater manifestation 
of the departure from this law than is found 
in the false worship of the Lodge: 

Resolved, First, It is manifestly the duty of 
all Christians in every proper way to oppose 
such an evil. Second, In our efforts we espe- 
cially desire the Spirit of the Christ whose 
we are and whom we serve. Third, We do 
not favor the plan of some to overcome evil 
with evil as in the contention between Catho- 
lics and Freemasons, but would rather seek to 
"overcome evil with good." Fourth, For the 
bestowing of anything good we should give 
honor to Christ, the Home, the State, and the 
Church, rather than to organizations like the 
secret lodges which antagonize them. Fifth, 
In adjusting controversies between labor and 
capital we believe the open, frank statement 
of difficulties and remedies together with the 
applications of Christian principles is always 
best. Sixth, In view of the sacred importance 
of home relations, no member of a family 
should enter into any agreement such as the 
secret lodge requires, to conceal from the 
other members what they have a right to 
know. Seventh, We believe the cause of tem- 
perance has no greater foe than is found in 
convival secret societies whose very covering 
is an invitation to vice. Eighth, We believe 
the worship in lodges is a manifestation of 
the same spirit that moved the Children of 
Israel to worship the calves set up by Aaron 
and Jereboam. Ninth, We see in the present 
fratricidal strife across the sea the legitimate 
fruit of such selfishness and greed as the 
teaching of the lodge produce. Tenth, We re- 
joice in the work being done by the N. C. A. 
and pledge it our continued support. Eleventh, 
A vote of thanks is hereby given to the church 
in which we meet, to the pastors giving aid, 
and \o all who have contributed to the success 
of our Convention. 

The afternoon session was closed with 
the benediction by President Blanchard. 

The devotional exercises, with which 
the evening session was opened, were 
conducted by Rev. J. M. Paris. 

The address of the evening was deliv- 
ered by President Blanchard, his sub- 
ject being. ''Lodges in the Last Days." 

The Finance Committee reported that 
the Convention expenses were $52.91 
and that the receipts were just enough 
to co\'er them. Mr. C. Z. Yoder. treas- 
urer, reported that the funds he had 
held hacl drawn six per cent interest for 
the past year. 

After singing of a Psalm, the Conven- 
tion adjourned. 

W. B. Keys. Sec y pro tem. 



We greatly enjoy reading the Cyno- 
sure and often lend the paper to others 
to read and hope it does good. 

Muscatine, Iowa. Pliney Fry. 



190 



n 



HRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



OHIO CONVENTION LETTERS. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Aug. 23, 1915. 
Dear Brethren in Christ : 

That part of God's Kingdom to which I be- 
long. The Christian Reformed Church, has 
been free from the lodge evil for so long a 
time that many of our ministers fail to take 
sufficient notice of the noble work done out- 
side of our own circles by the N. C. A. 

Although the churches in our denomination 
are heartily in favor of the Association's pur- 
pose, and also contribute regularly to the sup- 
port of the work, it cannot be said of our 
people that they live along with the work that 
is being done to keep the lodge out of other 
churches. 

Our shortcoming in this respect is due 
partly to selfishness and narrowness, and 
partly to the fact that all our efforts are ex- 
erted in fighting against other evils. 

It is my sincere wish that this Ohio State 
Conference may be the means of strengthen- 
ing and encouraging all those present, of 
furthering the work of the National Christian 
Association as a wdiole, and above all of hon- 
oring Jesus Christ. 

(Rev.) G. J. Vande Riet. 



Lima, Ohio, Aug. 25, 1915. 

I wish to be recorded as one in favor of 
"light" rather than "darkness." 

The more I see of lodgery the more I am 
convinced that it is evil, and that Christians 
have no business in secret lodges. 

Count me opposed to the system, because I 
stand for Him Who said "I am the Light of 
the world," and "In secret have I said 
nothing." 

(Rev.) Thomas Weyer. 



Mansfield, Ohio, Aug. 16, 1915. 
I wish all lodge men could see the folly 
of feeding on husks and could come to them- 
selves and return home to the Father. 

(Rev.) S. p. Long. 



Salem, Ohio, Aug. 23, 1915. 
Without additional testimony, I presume 
the convention letters will contain sufficient 
condemnatory evidence against the ungodly 
system of the secret lodge, to strip off the dis- 
guise of outward splendor and reveal its true 
nature, and show how little it is entitled to 
that respect which it has gained by its false 
pretensions. The denial of Jesus Christ, our 
only Lord and Savior, is enough to stamp it 
as an invention of wicked men, guided and di- 



rected by Satan, to ensnare men, God's crea- 
tures, whom He desires to make forever hap- 
P3\ "There is none other name under heaven 
given among men, whereby we must be saved." 
(Acts 4:12.) Let us forever bear in mind 
Christ's words : "Whoever shall deny Me be- 
fore men, him will I also deny before My 
Father which is in heaven." (Matt. 10:33.) 
May the simple truths revealed in this con- 
vention sink deeply into the hearts of all; 
may the deception, false claims and the 
idolatry of these institutions of Satan, so im- 
press us that, with nothing less than a mighty 
determination to conquor the enemy or die, 
we will all put on the armor of God and, with 
the sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of 
God (Eph. 6:11-17), courageously go forth 
to battle. Shall we, men of earnest convic- 
tions, based upon God's Word, shall we, God's 
ambassadors, fear? Fear what? Their evil 
darts of slander, rebuke, boycott, persecution? 
This is wherein the battle partly consists and 
therefore the harder we need to fight. Our 
enemies fear the light — turn it upon them. 
A firm, courageous stand, maintaining the 
right, will bring them to terms. They can 
never harm us if we be girded with the armor 
of righteousness. They will fight and threat- 
en, but the victory will be ours. The secret of 
our Lord's victory lay in the cross. The dis- 
ciple is not above his Master. That ought to 
be enough for us. "If any man will come 
after Me, let him deny himself, and take up 
his cross, and follow Me,'' and we have the 
promise that whomsoever shall lose his life 
for Christ's sake, shall find it. 

Brethren, let us exalt our principles and act 
upon them, remembering the third verse of 
Luther's Battle Hymn : 

"Though devils all the world should fill, 

All watching to devour us, 

We tremble not, we fear no ill. 

They cannot overpower us. 

This world's prince may still 

Scowl fierce as he will. 

He can harm us none 

For he us judged — undone; 

One little Word o'erthrows him. 

(Rev.) C. R. Lembke. 



Oberlin, Ohio, Aug. 17, 1915. 

I have taken notices and a copy of the con- 
vention program to our local papers. 

I feel assured of one thing: as long as 
President King is at the head of Oberlin col- 
leg, secret fraternities will not be tolerated 
here. They have tried repeatedly to insinuate 



October, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



191 



themselves, as I indicated in my story of 
Oberlin life "Marlboro," which appeared in 
the Cynosure two or three years ago. The 
struggle did not terminate quite so promptly 
as my story indicated, but the Oberlin faculty 
did not discontinue their effort to eradicate 
the fraternities or quasi-fraternities, until the 
effort was successful. 

You may be interested to learn of a conver- 
sation I had recently with an old college 
friend. Said he, in the course of a conversa- 
tion on religious topics : "By the way, I have 
joined the Masons." I believe he said the 
Knights Templar, also. "I am sorry to hear it," 
said I. "Oh, no, you arn't," he responded, 
"they are quite worth while. They spend only 
five dollars to give one dollar away in char- 
ity." "I believe they keep men out of the 
church," said I. "Well," he returned, "I can 
tell you one thing: the proportion of church 
members that are found in the church is 
larger than the proportion of Masons to be 
found in the lodge room." Interesting, if true, 
is it not? 

(Miss) Susan F. Hinman. 



Zanesville, Ohio, Aug. 1, 1915. 

I belong to the Missouri Synod of the 
Evangelical Lutheran church. According to 
our constitution we are opposed to the lodge, 
and no lodge member can partake of Holy 
Communion. This is a general practice, and 
all pastors and congregations deviating from 
this rule are disciplined according to Mat- 
thew 18:15. 

There is one thing that makes it hard for 
us to carry out this discipline effectively and 
that is the fact that other churches permit 
lodge membership. When we exclude mani- 
fest and impenitent sinners — among whom 
surely lodge members are to be included — 
there are too many churches open to them, 
not only Methodist, Presbyterian, etc., but 
even, alas, some Lutheran churches. 

What we need therefore, is for all those 
who are convinced of the wickedness of the 
lodge, to bear strenuous testimony in their 
respective churches. This question should be 
brought to an early issue in the near future. 
What if it does mean a split in many congre- 
gations? Our Savior nowhere said that the 
church would stand in glory as the greatest 
institution existing in the last days. On the 
contrary He said that there would be little 
faith when He comes again. 

What we need is courage and fearlessness 
on the part of those who are convinced of 



the wrong of the lodge. They should simply 
refuse to listen to a man who is a lodge ad- 
vocate, and exert their power which Christ 
gave them, to expel from the congregation a 
man who is a lodge member. I often wonder 
how people who see the evil of the lodge — 
that it is really anti-Christian in its teaching — 
can remain members of a church which allows 
lodge members. It seems to me that if they 
are earnest they would come out from them 
and be separate. 

The lodge is the greatest evil which the 
Christian church has to fight to-day. It is 
even greater than the liquor business. For if 
the lodge gets the controlling power in the 
churches, then Christ the Savior will be de- 
throned for the lodge knows no Savior. There- 
fore, if we wish to make our protest against 
the lodge really effective, it is necessary that 
we voice our protests against lodgism in our 
own churches in no uncertain terms. 

(Rev.) C. H. Weber. 



Granville, Ohio, Aug. 24, 1915. 
The secret society system lives because of 
the good men in the different orders, but good 
men in them is no more indication of the 
goodness of the order than bad among them is 
evidence that they are bad. If there were no 
good men in the lodge, it would have died in 
dishonor long ago. It is only enabled to live, 
because of its secret feature. Mackey says : 
"Freemasonry, as a secret association, has 
lived unchanged for centuries — as an open so- 
ciety it would not last as many years." — (Ma- 
sonic Jurisprudence, page 37.) 

The thousand and one other orders, manu- 
factured at different times and bearing dift'er- 
ent names, with various grips, pass words and 
signs, bear a likeness to and possess the same 
spirit as Freemasonry for they all have it as 
the common origin. A secret lodge is or- 
ganized for the purpose of offering certain 
benefits or advantages to its members. jMorris 
says that the prime advantage of blue lodge 
Masonry may be summed up under three 
heads: "By relief in distress; counsel in dif- 
ficulty; protection in danger." (Dictionary of 
Freemasonry, page 12.) All these center in 
self. If the lodge is a help to any good cause, 
is it not wrong for it to exclude three-fourths 
of mankind from its help? Sickel's Monitor, 
pages 7 and 8, says that Freemasonry "points 
out to its disciples a correct knowledge of the 
Great Architect of the Universe, and the 
moral laws which he has ordained for their 
government." Now, if Masonry can give us 



192 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



October, 1915. 



a correct knowledge of the Almighty is it not 
wrong to charge from $25 to $50 for it and to 
refuse to impart it for any price to women, 
children, cripples, etc. — in fact, to the great 
mass of mankind? 

(Rev.) J. M. Scott. 



Convention letters were received from other 
friends, among wdiom are C. B. Helmuth, 
}*Iillersburg; Eliza F. Potter, Leonardsburg ; 
Rev. T. C. Sproul, Freeport ; A. D. Osborn, 
Pres. Ohio Conference of the Wesleyan Meth- 
odists, Pataskala ; Mrs. O. L. Smith, Berea, 
and Rev. W. W. Kennerly, Alliance, Ohio. 



Rev. Adam Murrman, formerly our 
agent in Nebraska wrote under date of 
July 6th, from Valley, Nebraska : "This 
is the 500th anniversary of the martyr- 
dom of John Huss, and it is the first an- 
niversary of the 'near-martyrdom' of 
'yours truly/ at Humboldt." Rev. Mr. 
Alurrman has just completed a year's 
service as pastor of the Presbyterian 
church at Valley. His work has been 
made difficult by the persistent opposition 
of the lodges. God has blessed his labors 
there for the church has been greatly 
prospered in that it has become self-sup- 
porting, relinquishing two hundred dol- 
lars a year of Home Missionary aid and 
has in addition made several hundred 
dollars' worth of improvements. This 
has been done most cheerfully by free- 
will oiTerings of members and adher- 
ents. 

The prayer meeting attendance has in- 
creased from an average of six for sev- 
eral years to an average of 42 during the 
winter months. This church has the dis- 
tinction of maintaining the largest aver- 
age attendance at its prayer meetings of 
any Presbyterian church in the state, in 
proportion to its membership. 



lately come into the faith. One day this 
week while visiting their home his wife 
asked me what was the Scripture teach- 
ing about lodges, and, of course, I 
opened up the Scriptures to her on the 
subject. Her husband became furious; 
stopped her attendance on the services 
and put the daughter out of the house 
and forbade me entrance. But this is 
only fulfillment of the Scriptures (Matt. 
10:22, 34-46). He is a prominent Ma- 
son. There are thirty-four preachers in 
this place and yet sin and lodges are 
safely intrenched, while none of them 
are doing much if anything to dislodge 
them. 

The people here are blind, without the 
knowledge of God. During one of our 
services one woman came to the altar 
seeking salvation and fell under the 
power of God. Her husband got ex- 
cited and picked her up in his arms and 
carried her home, where he is now 
keeping her, denying her attendance on 
the services and ordering the saints away 
from his house. This man professes to 
be a Christian but he is a strong mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias lodge and 
wants her to remain in the same. 

At a place called Gourd, not far from 
here, the beast is on a rampage. One 
of our brethren named Tiggs has been 
forbidden to preach. He has been ar- 
rested, threatened, waylaid with attempts 
to kill him. Our Lord told us the time 
would come when they would kill us and 
think they were doing God service, be- 
cause they have not known God. (Jno. 
16:2-3.) 

We have visited Argenta, Little Rock, 
Malvern, Pine Blufif, Kedron and Tamo 
since my last letter. 



REPORT OF ELD. G. B. CROCKETT. 

Editor, Cynosure : 

I have been holding meetings at Der- 
mott, Arkansas, now for the past two 
weeks. Everything went on smoothly 
until people commenced to believe and 
be saved, and then the Devil began to be 
angry and since I began to talk about 
lodges he is very angry indeed. I spoke 
casually of the lodges about three times 
in public. Now there is a prominent 
man here whose wife and daughter have 



Los Gatos, Calif., May 6, 191 5. 
I am certainly interested in the work 
you are doing and wish I could contrib- 
ute more to its success. It is a great pity 
that this question is not discussed in our 
papers and pulpits, especially in our 
church papers and literature. The ig- 
norance on the lodge question, both with- 
in and vdthout the orders, is dense. 

(Rev.) H. L. Gregory. 



Real worth is not dependent on office, 
influence and wealth, but creates them 
eventually where they are lacking. 



STANDARD WORKS 

ON 

Secret Societies 



FOR SALE BY THE 



National Christian Association, 



HOW TO ORDER: 

PRICES quoted in this catalogue include car- 
riage prepaid by mail. Orders by insured mail, 
5c extra. 

TERMS— Cash with order. We do not wish 
to open accounts with individuals. When prices 
are not known, send sufficient and any balance 
will be returned to you. 

C. O. D. orders will not be filled unless $1.00 
accompanies the order. No books shipped on 
approval. 

REIVIIT by Bank Draft on Chicago or New 
York, or by Post Office or Express iVloney Or- 
ders. Personal checks should have 5c extra ad- 
ded for collection. 

WRITE your name and address plainly and in 
full, giving street number, post office box, R. 
F. D. number and box, and when ordering by 
express, give your express office if it is dif- 
ferent from your post office address. 

. NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASS'N. 

850 W. MADISON STREET, CHICAGO, ILL. 



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SECRET SOCIETIES ILLUSTRATED. 

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SECRET SOCIETIES, ANCIENT AND MOD- 
ERN. 

Contents : The Antiquity of Secret Societies, 
The Life of Julian, The Eleusinian Mysteries, The 
Origin of Masonry, Was Washington a MaSon? 
Filmore's and Webster's Deference to Masonry in 
the United States, The Tailimany Ring, Masonic 
Benevolence, The Uses of Masonry, An Illustra- 
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COLLEGE SECRET SOCIETIES. 

Their customs, character, ^nd efforts for their 
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and edited by H. L. Kellogg. 25 cents. 

BETWEEN TWO OPINIONS. 

By Miss E. E. Flagg, author of "Little People," 
"A Sunny Life," etc. Every one wh6 loves to 
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ODDFELLOWSHIP A RELIGIOUS INSTI- 

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God stnd us men wbose aim 'twill be, 
not to defend $ome ancient creed, 

But to live out tl)e laws of Kiabt 
Tn every tbouaht and word and deed. 

God send us men alert and quick 

l>i$ lofty precepts to translate, 
Until tbe laws of Ridbt become 

the laws and babits of tbe State, 

God send us men cf steadfast will. 
Patient, courageous, strong and true; 

Ulitb vision clear and mind equipped, 
l>is will to learn, l>is work to do. 

God send us men witb hearts ablaze 
Hll truth to love, all wrong to bate; 

tbese are tbe patriots nations need, 
tbese are tbe bulwarks olf tbe State. 

—tbe Survey, 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 

Published Monthly by the National Christian 
Association. 

JAMES EDWIN PHILLIPS 

Managing Editor. 

850 West Madison Street, Chicago. 



.^ TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 

ppiCE — Per year, in advance, $1.00; three 
months, on trial, twenty-five cents; single 
copies, ten cents. 

PRESENTATION COPIES— Many persons sub- 
scribe for the Christian Cynosure to be sent 
to FRIENDS. In such cases, if we are advised 
that a subscription is a present and not regu- 
larly authorized by the recipient, we will 
make a memorandum to discontinue at ex- 
piration, and to send no bill for the ensuing 
year. 
Entered as Second-class matter May 19, 1897, 

at the Post Office at Chicago, 111., under Act of 

March 3, 1879. 



CONTENTS 



The Span of Life, by Margaret E. Sang- 
ster ^ 193 

The Cubs — Daily News, San Francisco.. 193 

Brotherhood, Christian and Satanic, by 
Pres. C. A. Blanchard, Wheaton, Col- 
lege :'. 193 

Ancient Order of Muts — The Fortnightly 
Review 198 

The Mighty Meeting of the Masons — ■ 
Puck 199 

College Secret Societies, by Rev. Enos 
H. Hess 200 

The Christian's Relation to Secrecy (Con- 
cluded), by Rev. F. L. Hayden, D. D., 
Ph. D ...201 

The Italian Ritual—/. O. O. F. Lodge 
Record 202 

Farmers' Co-Operative and Educational 
Union — Report of Christian Reformed 
Church .._ 203 

W. O. W. Bargain — Sovereign Visitor. . . 204 

Moose Misappropriate Funds — Moose- 
heart Magazine 204 

Masonic Conventions, by Rev. B. E. 
Bergesen 205 

Maccabee Rate Adjustment Upheld..... 206 

Aged Knights Hard Hit — Chicago Tribune 207 

Lodge Property Taxed— C/^fra^ro Legal 
News ;..... 207 

The Batavia Tragedy (Continued),; by 
Charles Francis Adams 207 

Union Rule on Militia Will Have Court 
Test — Chicago Tribune 213 

Editorial : 

Spouted Pins 2]J[ 

The School Teachers' Union 212 

An Odd Name 213 

News of Our Work : 

Indiana Convention . . . . , 214 

I. O. O. F. Secrets Scattered 214 

Report of Eastern Secretary, Rev. W. 

B. Stoddard .....215 

Report of Field Agent, Rev. Mead A. 

Kelsey 216 

•Tizzie Woods" Letter 217 

Report of Louisiana State Agent, Rev. 



F. J. Davidson ; . . . . 219 

A Texas Worker 220 

The Iowa Convention, by Rev. Mead A, 

Kelsey 221 

New York-New Jersey Convention, Sec- 
retary's Minutes 222 



NATIONAL CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA- 
TION. 

General Officers. 

President Rev. D. S. Warner; vice- 
president, Rev. J. H. B. Williams; re- 
cording secretary, Mrs. N. E. Kellogg; 
secretary-treasurer, Wm. I. Phillips. 
Board of Directors. 

George W. Bond, C. A. Blanchard, G. 
J. Haan, Albert B. Rutt, H. A. Fischer, 
Jr., J. M. Moore, Thomas C. McKnight, 
D. S. Warner, J. H. B. Williams, P. A. 
Kittelsby and M. P. F. Doermann. 



LECTURERS. 

Those desiring lectures or addresses 
may v^rite to any of the speakers named 
below : 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 3118 Fourteenth 
St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Rev. Mead A. Kelsey, 221 College 
Ave., Richmond, Ind. 

Rev. F. J. Davidson, P. O. Box 223, 
White Castle, La. 

Rev. C. G. Fait, Ellendale, N. D. 

Rev. Philemon Beck. Grafton, Calif. 



A Word to Bible Students 



I do sincerely hope to be instrumental under 
God in saving some young men, and especially 
students in the Christian ministry, from en- 
tanglements with what I consider to be a great 
delusion, to plead with them to separate them- 
selves from the whole system [the secret lodge] 
as I would plead with them about any other 
moral or spiritual counterfeits of which I speak. 
I plead with them to separate themselves from 
it because it is contrary to the Word of God; 
because it is dishonoring to Jesus Christ; be- 
cause it is hurtful to the truest interests of the 
soul; because it has the stamp of the dragon 
upon it. 

As my friend, the late A.^ J. Gordon of Boston, 
said: "We become unavoidably and insensibly 
assimilated to that which most completely ab- 
sorbs our time and attention." One cannot be 
constantly mixed in secular society without un- 
knowingly losing some of his interest in the 
divine society of God and of angels, where he 
belongs by his new birth; he also becomes sec- 
ularized. Our citizenship is in heaven, my 
Christian brothers, and we ought to be careful 
where we are living and refuse to be attracted 
by any system which is a rival of the blood- 
bought ChurcTi of the Redeemer.— Rev. J. M. 
Gray, D. D,, Dean of the IVloody Bible institute. 





"J«su ansffercd hm, — I spaki openly to {he norld; and in secret kave I said nothing." J«iin IS:20. 



VOLUME XLVIII 



CHICAGO. NOVEMBER 1915. 



Number 7, 



THE SPAN OF LIFE. 

Life is too brief 

Between the budding and the falling leaf, 

Between the seed time and the golden 

sheaf, 
For hate and spite. 
We have no time for malice and for 

greed ; 
Therefore, with love make beautiful the 

deed ; 
Fast speeds the night. 

Life is too swift 

Between the blossoms and the white 

snow's drift. 
Between the silence and the lark's uplift. 

For bitter words. 
In kindness and in gentleness our speech 
Must carry messages of hope, and reach 

The sweetest chords. 

Life is too great 

Between the infant's and the man's estate. 
Between the clashing of earth's strife and 
fate, ■ 
For petty things. 
Lo! we shall yet who creep with cum- 
bered feet 
Walk glorious over heaven's golden 
street, 
Or soar on wings ! 

— Margaret E. Sangster. 



DAUNTLESS HEARTS. 

If it be in the plan that I sink at sea, 
Let me sink as I sail, with pennon free. 
If land I make, as a sailor should, 
'Tis not I am great, but One is good ; 
But, sink or sail, let the log-book tell 
That I did my best with my cockle-shell ! 

— Selected. 



THE CUBS. 

The Cnbs, youngest of fraternal and 
benevolent societies, organized at the Expo- 
sition, will give their first ball and reception 
in the California building to-night. — Daily 
News, San Francisco. 



BROTHERHOOD, CHRISTIAN AND 
SATANIC. 

BY PRESIDENT C. A. BLANCHARD, WHEATON 
COLLEGE, ILLINOIS. 

''A short Stop in the little hamlet of 
Paris gave us an opportunity to visit the 
large barn in which had been recently 
confined about thirty of our division 
captured by Moseby. From there Mose- 
by had tolled off iDy lot twelve men as 
hostages for an equal number of Mose- 
by's men, who were captured by Custer's 
division and hanged by his order as vio- 
lators of the laws and usages of civilized 
war. 

"One of our dozen was released by a 
Masonic brother, who substituted an- 
other in his place. Being followed close- 
ly, they hadn't time to hang them, but 
they were marched some distance be- 
yond Paris, where they were shot. All 
fell dead, save a mere boy belonging to 
the Sixth New York Cavalry, who was 
prostrated by a bullet through his arm. 
He was left for dead, but finally made 
his way back to our lines." 

A friend in Brooklyn has been good 
enough to send me this extract from an 
article printed in the Brooklyn Eagle. 
As the reader will understand, this arti- 
cle is not written as a criticism on Free- 
masonry, but as a recommendation of 
the order. The purpose of the writer 
evidently was to show what an excellent 
institution Freemasonry was. He does 
not seem to have had the slightest 
criticising the order. If we, 
can make a studV of this 
we shall be able to form an 
opinion of Freemasonry at its best, not 
at its worst ; Freemasonry as it appears 
to its advocates, not to its enemies. Let 
me also remind our readers once more 
that Freemasonry is the mother of all 
modern secret societies. The only secret 
organization in the Christian world of 
which T have knowledge that does not 



thought of 

therefore, 

transaction 



194 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



owe its origin and character to Free- 
masonry, is the "Society of Jesus," com- 
monly known as "The Jesuits." 

If Masonry is the mother of modern 
secret societies, we understand from this 
chpping wdiat Freemasonry is intended 
to be and to do, and we should know 
what Odd-Fellow^ship, the Knights of 
Pythias, and other like organizations are 
intended to be and do. Let us therefore 
take a look at this transaction of fifty 
years ago and see what sort of a spirit 
it indicates. 

Moseby was a guerrilla. He raided 
peaceable communities, stealing and kill- 
ing wherever he could. Being pursued 
by some of our cavalry commanded by 
General Custer, twelve men of his com- 
mand wTre captured and hanged as land 
pirates, violators of the laws and usages 
of civilized war. Moseby captured some 
Union men and was intending to hang 
them in return for the execution of the 
twelve by General Custer. One of these 
twelve men who was thus picked out for 
execution was a Freemason, and in some 
way made himself known tO' the rebel 
Freemason, who had charge of him as 
a member of that order. This rebel 
Freemason took his union Freemason 
brother out of the list of twelve doomed 
men and put another man into his place. 
The twelve men thus selected were 
marched away to die by the guerrillas. 
Not being able to hang them, by reason 
of the closeness of pursuit, they shot 
them. Eleven of them were killed, one 
of them, a mere lad belonging to the 
Sixth New York Regiment Cavalry, fell 
with the rest, but, as the rebels hastened 
away, and as he was only wounded, he 
escaped to our lines and returned home. 
The story does not tell us whether this 
boy w^as the one picked out by the Ma- 
sonic rebel to die in place of the Ma- 
sonic union soldier whose life was spared 
or not. It is quite possible that Gen- 
eral King, who relates the story, did not 
know what the facts were regarding this 
matter. It is, however, entirely possible 
that this was the case, that the rebel 
Freemason took a union Freemason 
brother out of the list of those who' were 
to die and forced a lad from the Sixth 
New York Cavalry into his place. If he 
did not do this he might have done it 
and it would have been quite in line with 
the teachings of the order to do it. 



"Favor, Aid and Assist." 

This is the motive underlying all se- 
cret organizationns, to secure "favors, 
aids and assistances" by reason of one's 
connection with a secret society, which 
he could not or would not receive sim- 
ply because of his manhood. It is true 
that men do not ordinarily think of forc^. 
ing a man who is not a Mason into a 
death list to take the place of a man who' 
is a Mason, and who is removed from 
that company. To "Favor, Aid and 
Assist," that is what lodge men swear, 
and that is what they expect in return 
for their oaths. What particular "Favors, 
Aids and Assistance" are to be granted, 
of course, depends upon circumstances. 
It is quite certain that lodge men do not 
think of excluding military service from 
the circumstances under which they are 
to receive these advantages. 

I, myself, remember well the opening 
of the civil war. At that time there were 
about two hundred thousand Freemasons 
in the United States. In four years' 
time this number was just about doubled, 
in 1865 Masons reported four hundred 
thousand members of the order in this 
country. This startling increase, amount- 
ing to one hundred per cent, did not 
come by chance. In every city, village 
and hamlet throughout the country 
where there were lodges of Freemasons, 
young men entering the army were told 
that if they would join the lodge they 
would be able tO' secure favors when they 
were in service. This stimulus resulted 
in the increase already noted. It was not 
strange that it should. Men going into 
battle naturally desire whatever protec- 
tion they can secure. It is to be hoped 
that not many men are mean enough to 
desire such assistance as was rendered in 
this particular case. One dislikes to think 
of a neighbor who^ belongs to the Masonic 
lodge or any other secret order as being 
willing to save his own life by forcing 
some man who was not a lodge man into 
a company who were to be hanged or 
shot. It is obvious, however, that when 
you have pitched your tune you must 
sing it through. The note where you end 
will be ordinarily the note where you 
began. 

Favoritism is the key-word in lodgism. 
Special privileges are the things which 
lodge men want. Preachers want them. 
They have told me that they get them. 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



195 



How they apologize to themselves for 
preaching the gospel and at the same 
time seeking such advantages is a mat- 
ter which they must settle with God, but 
that they are working for this kind of 
help, one does not have to prove, for they 
tell us so themselves. 

General Albert Pike Again. 

I have at times mentioned this eminent 
Freemason who was also- an eminent 
traitor and a general in the armies of the 
rebellion. He was, as all who know his 
history will remember, the commander 
of regiments of Indians which fought 
against the Union in the civil war. I do 
not know how large a part in the con- 
flict these Indian regiments had, but one 
of my cousins fought in the battle of 
Pea Ridge. He was shot twice in that 
action when he was not yet sixteen years 
of age. He said that these Indians, com- 
manded by General Pike, scalped dead 
and wounded soldiers on the battle field. 
This statement has been frequently 
made ; I have never heard it contra- 
dicted. I supposed it to have been true. 
After the war closed. General Pike, in 
a public address or a written article, I 
am not able tO' say which, is reported to 
have made a remark of this kind: "Dur- 
ing the heat of the conflict, some Free- 
masons so far forgot their Masonic 
obligations as to refuse to recognize the 
signs and tokens given them by brother 
Masons in the opposing ranks." 

This is a fair interpretation of the 
Masonic oath to "Favor, Aid and As- 
sist" brethren, and it is precisely in line 
with the incident which General King 
records in the Brooklyn Eagle. Twelve 
men are appointed to die by a guerrilla 
chieftain. One of his guerrillas is a 
Freemason and he finds a Masonic 
brother among these twelve men who 
are set apart tO' die. He takes his Ma- 
sonic brother out of the doomed com- 
pany and forces another man not a 
lodge man into the ranks of those who 
are to be hanged or shot. Perhaps this 
doomed man is our lad from the Sixth 
New York Cavalry. No matter who he 
is, he is somebody picked out by a Mason 
to be shot so as to save the life of a 
Freemason who was about to sufl'er that 
fate. This rebel Freemason did not for- 
get his Masonic obligations. He did the 
thing he swore he would do. He would 
be highly commended by General Albert 



Pike. If he had failed to do this Gen- 
eral Pike says he would have been an 
object of general detestation because he 
had not kept his Masonic obligations. 
All people who desire to be intelligent 
about lodgism should see clearly the na- 
ture of these transactions. When they 
do see them they should think about the 
effect of such an organization upon the 
nation in time of war. 

What Is War? 

It is a state of things in which a num- 
ber of armed men belonging to one party 
seek to wound or kill armed men belong- 
ing to another party. Anyone who 
wishes a vivid picture of a battle field 
should read "The Life Story of Baroness 
Von Suttner." It is safe to say that one 
who has read her account of her search 
for her husband on the battle field among 
the dead and wounded will never think 
of war as a pleasant subject. In war 
men's heads are to be shot off, men's 
arms and legs are to be shot off, men are 
to get bullets through their bodies, some 
are to die and others are tO' be maimed 
and crippled for a lifetime. In it men 
are to be taken away from their wives 
and children, parents are to be robbed 
of sons, and sisters at home are to suffer 
perhaps more than their brothers who 
die on the field. This is one side of war. 

Another side is the grinding taxation 
which is involved. Nations beggared to 
buy machines and amunition.for the kill- 
ing of men. These colossal war debts 
to hang like a millstone about the necks 
of nations, sending millions of people to 
die in poorhouses and to be buried in 
the potter's field. And this is not the 
whole story. An army of fighting men 
always involves an army of fallen 
women, victims of the war spirit. It in- 
volves the birth of children who will 
never know their fathers, who will never 
have a right to fathers, who will, many 
of them, grow up as criminals, many of 
them as paupers, because they have never 
had honest fathers and mothers to care 
for them. This is not a rare incident 
occurring once in a great while. It is 
an every day and necessary result of 
the war movement among nations. 
If it Must Be, Let it Be Short. 

I have never been a non-resistant — 
that is, I believe there are some things 
worse than war. V^ery few, but some 
things are worse than war. But war, if 



196 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



it must come at all, if Cxod sometimes 
wills it now, as he did in the days when 
he was compelled in the interest of de- 
cency to sweep the Canaanites off the 
earth, certainly it should be confined to 
the narrowest possible limits in place 
and time. The shorter it is the less it 
will cost in present outgoes, in future 
charges. The smaller the number of 
men who are to be killed, the less moral 
wreck and ruin, which will be caused. 

Allow^ that there are a thousand men 
in each of the two armies who are 
warring, and allow that out of the thou- 
sand men on either side one hundred are 
members of the Masonic lodge. The 
whole thousand on each side are sworn 
to obey orders to maintain the honor 
and rights of their respective nations. 
Xine hundred on each side have this 
military oath on their consciences, but 
the one hundred lodge men in each army 
have also their lodge oaths on their 
consciences. These lodge men are not 
only sworn to fight for their nations, but 
they are also sworn to "favor, aid and 
assist'' brethren of their order wherever 
they may find them in the world. 

The bugles are blown and the war- 
riors go into the field. Nine hundred 
men on each side are fighting according 
to their military oaths. One hundred 
men on each side are fighting in a way 
too, but from time to time they receive 
signs and tokens from their lodge 
brethren on the other side, and when 
they receive these signs and tokens they 
feel themselves under obligations to 
recognize them and to "favor, aid and 
assist" their brethren, who give these 
signs and tokens. What will the neces- 
sary effect be in regard to the conduct of 
the war? Even a child in the public 
school can see that this group of one 
hundred men in each army who are un- 
der secret obligations to their lodge 
brethren on the other side will neces- 
sarily extend the natural time of the con- 
flict. They will not be fighting all the 
time. They will be "favoring, aiding 
and assisting" their brothers part of the 
time, and how much effect this "favor- 
ing, aiding and assisting" will have on 
the course of the war will be determined 
by events, not even by the wills of those 
who "favor, aid and assist." Every day 
that the war is prolonged expenses are 



piled up, men will be dying in hospitals. 
The number of actions required to set- 
tle the conflict will be increased. The 
dead and wounded will necessarily be 
more numerous, and the after conse- 
quences of the war also will be greater. 
How can any man who considers him- 
self a fairly decent man connect himself 
with an organization which publicly ad- 
vertises itself to be doing this kind of 
work. I do not know whether General 
King was a Ereemason or not. I assume 
that he was. I should suppose that if 
he had not been he would not have told 
this story. No matter whether he was 
in favor of Masonry or opposed to it, 
whether he was a lodge man or not, the 
story bears the impress of truth. I have 
no doubt that it was strictly true and I 
have no doubt that it was only one out 
of a great number of incidents of this 
kind. 

The Career of General McClellan. 

General McClellan is one of the un- 
solved problems of our great civil strife. 
General Hooker, in his testimony before 
a committee on the conduct of war, said 
that at the time when the army of the 
Potomac, under the command of Gen- 
eral McClellan, made its first advance on 
Richmond, I believe by way of the 
James, they passed all the fortifications 
excepting Eort Magruder. He said, as 
reported at the time, that he sent Colonel 
Berdan, who* commanded a regiment of 
New York sharpshooters into the ad- 
vance, and said to the Colonel that he 
held him responsible to see that not a 
gun was fired from Eort Magruder un- 
til further orders. This regiment de- 
ploying and taking position for service, 
shot every man who put his head above 
the parapet for several hours. General 
Hooker testified, as reported, that three 
times during that two hours he sent a 
messenger to General McClellan saying : 
"The road to Richmond is open. Eor 
God's sake move on." General McClel- 
lan was determined not to make the ad- 
vance, for some reason known only to 
himself and God. He changed the base 
from the James to the Chickahominy, if 
I remember the names of the rivers. 
Plenty of men died in action, but more 
died in the swamps and this Avas only the 
beginning of the terrible chapter in the 



November. 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



197 



history of the army of the Potomac 
which that commanding officer wrote. 

I never knew General McClellan, but 
he was reported to be a Freemason. All 
fairly well informed men know that 
Freemasonry flourished in the South 
more largely than in the North. In fact, 
General Charles H. Howard said he was 
told when himself commanding a di- 
vision in the union army that the rebel- 
lion was plotted in the Royal Arch 
Chapters in the South ; the reason for 
choosing this particular organization for 
that purpose being that a Royal Arch 
Mason is sworn to^ keep the secrets of a 
companion Royal Arch Freemason — 
murder and treason not excepted. 

If General McClellan was hobnobbing 
with rebel officers who belonged to a 
lodge, as this Freemason in Moseby's 
command was hobnobbing with this 
Freemason union soldier who w^as ap- 
pointed to die, what would the natural 
effect be? Hooker was reported to have 
said that McClellan was a traitor or a 
coward. Is there not another possibil- 
ity ? May he not have been a Freemason 
like this man in Moseby's command? 
May he not simply have been carrying 
out his obligations when he should have 
been conforming his conduct to a mili- 
tary law ? 

Too Much Supposition. 

Men at times say to me, "What is the 
use of suspecting evil?'' "Why not 
think all the good you can and let the 
rest go?" The reason is obvious. When 
a secret society gets to work you have 
a right to suspect evil all the time. In 
our own little city at present Free- 
masons in private conversation say to 
friends of mine that they are going to 
run the politics of the town, that they 
intend tO' rule the town for their own 
benefit and behoof. These are not the 
words, but this is the substance of what 
they say. Report this to another Free- 
mason who' desires to be a reasonable 
man and he will deny it. He will say 
that the Masons do' not intend to do any- 
thing of the kind, that no^ Mason ever 
made the remark of that kind to him, 
etc., etc. All this may be true so far 
as he knows, and what the other Free- 
mason reports may also be true. Ma- 
sonic officials appoint Masonic brethren 
to positions. Things do not work out 



well. These officials are worthless per- 
sons ; sometimes they steal, sometimes 
they neglect their duties, sometimes they 
get drunk, but the lodge washes its 
hands and says that it is not responsi- 
ble. Why is it not responsible ? Secret 
combinations are made, lodge brethren 
gather in little knots and talk over what 
they will do for one another and what 
they will do for themselves, and the re- 
sults which we see follow, and the Ma- 
sons tell us they have no responsibility 
for it at all. It is quite possible that 
there were Masons in Moseby's com- 
mand at the time when this Masonic 
rebel took this Masonic union soldier 
out of the death company and sentenced 
another soldier in the list to be shot, who 
knew nothing about this transaction. 
Some of the Freemasons were manly 
enough to observe their military oaths 
rather than their lodge oaths. If you 
should have talked with some of them 
they would have said that Freemasonry 
was not intended to interfere with one's 
obligations to his country at all ; that if 
any Mason should do what General 
King says a Mason did do he would be 
violating his Masonic oath ; but what 
is his oath? It is in plain English, one 
cannot fail to understand it. We do not 
require anybody to interpret it for us. 
We know what the words mean our- 
selves. The only question is whether, 
when a lodge man has this oath on his 
conscience and a civil or military oath 
on his conscience at the same time, he 
will regard the one or the other. That 
he cannot regard both in any circum- 
stance seems obvious. He must be a 
good citizen, a good soldier, or a good 
lodge man. Both at the same time he 
cannot be. 

What Is a Christian Man? 

A Christian man is one who has re- 
pented of his sins, believed the gospel, 
confessed his Savior, received the Holy 
Spirit, and begun to walk in the path of 
life. There are many Christian people 
who do not think that a Christian man 
can be a soldier under any circumstances. 
The Bible teaching in regard to war does 
not seem to me to indicate that this is a 
fact. But the Bible teaching does cer- 
tainly show that no Qiristian will have 
anything to do with war under any cir- 
cumstances except when he feels that 



198 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



God calls him to that particular task. 
The wars of extermination which were 
waged in early Bible times were, I be- 
lieve, justitiable. God has as good a 
right to kill men with a sword as to kill 
them with malaria or with wild beasts 
or consumption. I do not believe he 
wishes to kill men at all. I believe that 
he wishes all men to live and be happy, 
and if men would stop sinning this 
could be. But look at the years during 
which Great Britain has wronged the 
Chinamen, the people of India, the peo- 
ple of South Africa. Consider the salt 
tax of India alone. Think of punishing 
a poor Hindu for going down to the sea 
and evaporating a little sea water that he 
may get a little brackish salt. One hates 
to think about it. England has to suiter. 
England is not through suffering. Think 
of a nation like ours permitting men to 
sell liquor for a share in the profits, 
knowing the crimes, the beggars, the sui- 
cides, the murders which come from 
that trade. How is a nation to do things 
of this kind and escape judgment? Think 
of what Russia has been doing to the 
Jews, of what Germany has been doing 
to the Bible, of what France has been 
doing in North Africa. The simple fact 
is that nations, like individuals, have to 
go to judgment, and when national judg- 
ments come the innocent suiter with the 
guilty. The innocent suiter more than 
the guilty. This has always been the 
case, is true to-day. It is fulfilled before 
your eyes. 

What, then, ought we to do ? First 
of all. so far as influence and power goes, 
to get an end to sin, to teach people to 
believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and to 
do his will. This is what the world needs 
individually, nationally. Without this 
every supposed cure is a quack medicine. 
There is no help for .a sinful man or 
family or people except the help that 
comes from God. These false religions 
like Freemasonry, Odd-Fellowship, the 
Knights of Pythias, the Woodmen, the 
A\'orkmen, etc., etc., all of these are 
simply intensifications of evil. They are 
attempts to reduce selfishness of the 
grossest type to a religion. These efforts 
have done nothing but evil thus far. 
They never will do anything but evil. 
A tree is known by its fruits. There- 
fore all lodge men should leave their 



lodges, if they are Christian men they 
should leave them instantly. If they are 
fair-minded men they should leave them 
instantly. If they are honest men they 
should leave them instantly. When I 
read of preachers and professing Chris- 
tians hobnobbing at dinners and in social 
gatherings with men who are under 
obligations to do what General King 
says a Freemason guerrilla did for a 
union ]\Iasonic soldier, it is enough to 
make the heart sick. Of course most 
of these meannesses are hidden. That is 
what secret societies are for. to hide 
things that would not look right in the 
light, but at times there must be some 
General King who will reveal a little 
part of the vast amount of evil which is 
going forward. Christian men should 
not have fellowship with organizations 
which work out in this wav. 



ANCIENT ORDER OF MUTS. 



The Comforter [\o\. II, Xo. i), a 
Xew Thought magazine published in 
Portland, Ore., by ^Irs. Florence Craw- 
ford, contains two articles on a new 
secret society called "The Ancient Order 
of ]\Iuts." This order was organized in 
Portland, in June, 1914. and in less than 
a year had gained more than 700 mem- 
bers, mostly residents of that city. The 
members have taken as their patroness 
"the Egyptian goddess ]\Iut, the sister, 
spouse, and divine consort of the 
Egyptian Sun-God and the mother of the 
]\Ioon-Goddess." This is a most noble 
inspiration indeed. 

The officers of the Portland "Imperial 
Dynasty" bear the following significant 
titles : Imperial Chief IMut ; Ras ^la 
Taz ; X'effer Kara Dham ; Tol Ft Yuh ; 
Heiro Glyph (Secretary) ; Koph Uptha 
Kush (Treasurer). 

"It all seems to show," writes Mr. 
Karl Herbring, "how the spirit of 'fra- 
ternalism' permeates our national life, 
how otherwise sensible men will make 
fools of themselves, and how materialism 
is tending to drag us back to the ages 
of paganism.'' 

As might be expected, the Ancient Or- 
der of Muts has among its members also 
a number of ''leading" Catholics! — The 
Fortnightly Reznez^.'. 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



199 




THE MIGHTY MEETING OF THE MASONS. 



When one's a ^lason, however snide. 
He must aprons place on and collars 
,wide. 

— Conspirators' Chorus in ''la 

Alake way for the Grand High Cocka- 
lorum of the Free and Accepted ^Masons I 
Make wav for the Past Grand Deputy A. 
B. C. D; E. F. G. and the Past Ultra 
Demi-Semi-Hemi Grand Z. Y. X. W. \'. ! 
What is all this hubbub about ? \Mio are 
these much-decorated and betitled indi- 
viduals, and why should their presence 
excite such commotion ? They are I\Ia- 
son. Free ^Masons who have charge of 
that precious boon to humanity, the 
Grand Lodge of the State of Xew Y^ork. 
What is Free Masonry, and what does 
the Grand Lodge of the State of Xew 
York do for it? 

Free Masonry is one of those mons- 
trous and costly shams and frauds that 
we have imported from the Old World 
with many other social and religious 
shams and frauds, and have cultivated 
in this country. It can give no good rea- 



Then he'll pass from "Labor" — which is 
swapping grips, 

With his "brother" neighbors, to "Re- 
freshment" — nips. 

Fille de Mine. Angot" — Xeii' J^ersion. 

son for its existence, and yet there are 
several thousands of men who profess 
to feel proud at belonging to it. There 
is really less excuse for practising the 
absurdities of Free ^lasonry than in any 
other system that is distinguished by its 
forms and ceremonies. The rites of the 
Jewsh, ^lahometan, Greek and Roman 
Catholic churches, however ridiculous 
they may appear in these days to sensible 
minds, are at any rate founded on some- 
thing that was believed to be true by mil- 
lions of ignorant but conscientious peo- 
ple ; but Masonry has not even these rea- 
sons to fall back on to justify its ex- 
istence. 

Masonry as now practised is of strict- 
ly modern manufacture, despite all the 
assertions to the contrary. It was born 
of fraud and stupidity, and it keeps up 
its claims to these qualities. Of course 



200 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



^lasons do not relish these unpleasant 
truths, and would willingly let the world 
believe that they are in possession of 
some profound secret which, if given to 
the world, would result in the regenera- 
tion of mankind. Every man with a 
turn for reading must have discovered 
that the secret is no secret at all and 
that the charity and brotherhood of 
which ^Masons boast so much do not ex- 
ist at all — at any rate not to the extent 
that they may be found among men who 
are not Masons. 

The whole system with its grips, pass- 
words, its disgusting ceremonies, its 
horse-play, its coffins, its skulls, its cross- 
bones, its Hiram Abiff, and Solomon's 
Temple tomfoolery is apparently simply 
for the purpose of affording a parcel of 
noodles an opportunity of giving them- 
selves high-sounding titles and indulg- 
ing in regular junketing and getting a 
monopoly of trade and business from 
other Alasonic donkeys. But the coolest 
and loftiest piece of presumption on the 
part of Alasons is their claim to import- 
ance and consideration on the ground 
that men such as Washington, Garfield, 
Garibaldi and the Prince of Wales [the 
late Edward VII] were or are members 
of the fraternity. Considering that a 
man who becomes a Mason does not, as 
a rule, know anything about the institu- 
tion, and that when he is once a Mason 
he is always a Mason, this is not a very 
strong point in favor of joining the 
craft. It doubtless well suits the mental 
caliber of the heir to the British throne ; 
but we can scarcely believe that any 
man with any common sense, whatever 
he may do for the sake of appearance, 
can look upon his initiation into "the 
secrets and mysteries of ancient Free 
Masonry" as anything else but as an 
egregious sell. — Puck, June 14, 1882. 



A man was once asked by a Mason if 
he w^as aware of the fact that Solomon 
was the father of Masonry. He replied, 
''Xo, but since vSolomon had several hun- 
dred wives and concubines he might have 
been father of almost anything." That 
was answering a certain class of individ- 
uals according to their folly. 

Every right action and true thought 
sets the seal of its beauty on the person 
and the face. 



COLLEGE SECRET SOCIETIES. 

BY REV. ENDS H. HESS. 

College life either makes or breaks 
character. Influences that make for 
righteousness in the student's life should 
be fostered while those which make for 
unrighteousness should be discouraged 
and thwarted. 

That all chapters of Greek letter fra- 
ternities are influences for the weaken- 
ing of character would be putting the 
case too strongly, but there can be no 
doubt that many of the chapters as con- 
ducted are demoralizing. 

One of the arguments advanced in 
their favor is that they supply the needed 
social environment for the student while 
absent from the home circle. My ob- 
servation of eight years at close range 
while connected with a college where 
they exist would lead me to believe that 
the social substitute is not ennobling and 
elevating. The social life of fraternities 
where the upper classmen are strong 
pure characters will be helpful to the 
under classmen, but where the upper 
classmen are vulgar and lewd, it is very 
difficult for the under classmen to resist 
the temptation to evil that obtains under 
such environments. 

The average scholarship of fraternity 
men was, in my experience, lower than 
that of nonfraternity men. Of seven 
members of my class who, as freshmen, 
entered a certain fraternity, but one 
graduated. The teachers would not in- 
frequently find duplicate papers handed 
in frcm fraternity men. While it is 
good to have help at the right time, the 
student that does not depend upon his 
own efforts is sure to fail sooner or later. 
Undue help from a fellow student's ef- 
forts unfits instead of fits for the battles 
of life. ^ . - 

The feeling of superiority and devel- 
opment of a spirit of aristocracy often 
obtams in fraternity students. Class and 
school politics in filling the various offi- 
ces are often controlled by societies to 
the discredit of merit and character. The 
expenses of a student are generally in- 
creased by joining a fraternity without 
an equivalent return. 

We believe in most instances the qual- 
ity of self-reliance is developed to a great- 
erextent in the nonfraternity student than 
in the fraternity student. If this is true 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



201 



then the chances of success in after life 
are the best for the nonfraternity stu- 
dent. 

The principle of secrecy is anti-Chris- 
tian. 'Tn secret have I said nothing" is 
a principle that can be followed by hon- 
est men but is always dreaded by dis- 
honest ones. While the secrecy of the 
fraternity does not prove improper and 
immoral living on the part of its mem- 
bers, it does provide the protection nec- 
essary for all forms of vice when the 
inmates are to so use the blanket of se- 
crecy. 

In our judgment fraternity life tends 
too often to break rather than make stal- 
wart characters of its devotees and hence 
the nonfraternity college student is to be 
congratulated for his isolation from an 
influence which so often is detrimental 
to his best interest in character develop- 
ment. 

Grantham, Pa. 



THE CHRISTIAN'S RELATION TO 
SECRECY. 

(Concluded.) 

BY REV. F. L. HAYDEN, D. D., PH. D. 

Let me ask how far the lack of power 
on the part of the nominal Church, is due 
to the confusion into which she has been 
thrown through fraternal association 
with infidels and the lodge room ? When 
the Church makes common cause with 
the world in the prosecution of the ob- 
jects sought by godless men, may not we 
expect a loss of divine power and of the 
results that Christ promised to a faith- 
ful life and service? If one fraternizes 
with infidels he is certain to lose his 
spiritual quality, dull his spiritual vision, 
become insensitive tO' sin, and, finally, 
to find common ground with godless men 
in their sinful lives. Do we not mourn 
because of the loss of spiritual power 
from the Church ? Are we not busily 
framing expedients to make good this 
loss of power, and continue the work of 
the Church? Do we not face the fact of 
disaster within our ranks, and of failure 
in our attempts to win the world to 
Christ? Is it not true that the line of 
separation between infidelity and Chris- 
tianity is largely lost in the minds of 
men? Then I urge with all vigor, if 
the Church will regain its lost power and 
influence it must rebuke sin rather than 



fraternize with it. Christ promised the 
Holy Spirit to them that obey Him. His 
presence we must have for power and 
efifective service. And is it not true that 
to obey Christ means to "come out from 
among them and be separate from anti- 
Christians?" I am constrained to believe 
that if the Church to-day would obey that 
command it would take the first neces- 
sary step toward regaining its lost power, 
light and blessing. 

The Lodge Antichristian.. 

I wish to- call your attention to another 
fact, that the lodge has erected for itself 
a temple containing an altar before which 
its High Priest officiates in the name of 
the lodge. This is not worship of Christ, 
nor is it claimed to be. These forms are 
characterized by another spirit than the 
Spirit of God. Then I call you to wit- 
ness that the declaration of the Holy 
Ghost is true: "The things which the 
Gentiles sacrifice thev sacrifice to demons 
and not to God : and I would not that 
ye should have communion with de- 
mons." (I Cor. 10:20.) The lodge has 
its rituals, its endowments and its stand- 
ing orders, to all of which the members 
pledge absolute obedience. Disobedience 
incurs the loss of much that is thought 
of value, sometimes even of life itself. 
I do not separate the lodge into its multi- 
tude of names, for as an institution "The 
Lodge" stands as the great opponent of 
the Church and of Jesus Christ the head 
of the Church. Being of the world 
worldly its highest thought is a sort of 
earthly humanism, sympathetic but self- 
ish. From this material it has formed a 
religion that is the arch enemy of God. 
In its atmosphere multitudes of unsaved 
people find a kindred spirit and life. 
Their motives are carnal : their activities 
are material. To the propagation of the 
lodge these people give large sums of 
money and much valuable time. They 
seek for its honors and bedeck them- 
selves with the gaudy tokens of their 
success. They die and are buried be- 
neath the weight of song and flowers. 
LIuman eloquence is exhausted extolling 
their virtues, and their names are in- 
scribed on tablets of marble, while reso- 
lutions of praise are engrossed for the 
solace of their loved ones. r>ut what 
meaning has all this to the soul that has 
lived without God and died without hope 



202 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



in Christ ? Encomium and glitter instead 
of peace with God! . :: . 

Ministerial Unfaithfulness. 

The most tragic fact relates to the 
ordained priests of Christ. They sit by 
the side of these lost souls in familiar, 
fraternal association while the seductions 
of sin are hardening their hearts against 
all holy intiuences, and their priestly lips 
are sealed to all rebuke of sin and all 
appeal to righteousness. And do not 
these priests of holy orders extol the vir- 
tues of their departed brothers in funeral 
panegyric ? When the silver cord is 
loosed, and the golden bowl is broken, 
when the soul returns to God for judg- 
ment upon its earthly life, do these 
priests point the departing one to ''the 
Lamb of God that taketh away the sin 
of the world?" "AVhen the mourners go 
about the streets" and hearts are tender 
to the influence of heavenly appeal, do 
these priests of religion utter one word 
to suggest that the lodge was insufficient 
for the deepest needs oi the soul ? The 
ordained priest and his lost brother have 
traveled together in fraternal relations 
through the ascending mysteries of se- 
cret obligations, and never, even by so 
much as one word, has the priest at- 
tempted to execute the rites and duties 
of his heavenly office. Never once has 
he stood on the floor of his lodge and 
proclaimed the insufficiency of human 
works to meet the demands of God. 
Never once has he opened his lips to 
magnify the eternal merit of the Lamb 
of God. And in this supreme hour of 
human need and ministerial opportunity 
he does no more than gratify his lodge 
associates by his silence concerning the 
great concerns of the soul. From his 
own pitiful poverty of spiritual life he 
breathes the dead platitudes of the 
world's burial ground: ''Dust to dust 
and ashes to ashes!" The world hears 
not one word that can stir its proud self- 
complacency. The priest has been paid 
for his eulogy; the final obituary has 
been written extolling the "prominent 
lodge man!" The newspaper has ex- 
hausted its vocabulary of adjectives 
praising the funeral discourse, and the 
incident is closed. Closed, did I say? 
So far as this world is concerned, yes. 
But behind the scene of that tragedy the 
angel of eternal record was penning a 
history of that Christian priest's neglect. 



He was his brother's keeper, but he lost' 
his brother. In his love for the praise 
of men he lost his sense of the value of 
a human soul and the consciousness of 
responsibility and duty to that soul. 
God's Word being true, that priest will 
some time undergo the ordeal of answer- 
ing to God's just indictment for his neg- 
lect. 

The Heart of the Matter. 

The first duty of the Church of Christ 
while it is in the world is to witness to 
the fact, power and effect of sin, and 
point the lost to the "Lamb of God that 
taketh away the sin of the world." The 
value of this testimony must be kept un- 
impaired by false living, or by any en- 
tanglements with the spirit and life of 
the world. 

The Lodge is ruled by the spirit of the 
world, and in its effiects upon the soul it 
is the great antagonist of the Church of 
Christ and of the power of Christian 
testimony. 

Fraternal association in the lodge pre- 
vents the nominal Christian from giving 
the testimony his Church and his Lord 
require of him. Such persons have sur- 
rendered their right of witnessing; have 
lost the challenge and convincing power 
of Christian testimony, and, what is 
worse than all else, have lost their sense 
of personal duty as a witness. The light 
of personal testimony being thus hidden, 
the "candlestick" will be, if it has not 
already been, "removed from its place," 
and the world will be left tO' its last mid- 
night darkness preceding the epoch of 
the final coming of the Lord. The in- 
dividual who is thus false to his duty to 
Christ will surely suffer the extinction 
of his own light. "If the light that is in 
thee be darkness how great is that dark- 
ness !" — how great only the Infinite God 
can know, and a lost soul can experience. 



THE ITALIAN RITUAL. 

The resolution of Representatives Baumes 
and Parker, of New York, referred to the 
printing and supply committee at the last ses- 
sion regarding the translation of the Encamp- 
ment ritual into Italian, was considered, and 
it was recommended that the Encampment in 
New York be allowed to translate and pre- 
pare not exceeding six copies of the same, 
said copies to be identified and approved by 
the Grand Secretary, and that any copies not 
so identified and approved be considered spu- 
rious, the translation and preparation of the 
same to be done at the expense of the En- 
campment. — The I. O. O. F. Lodge Record. 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



203 



FARMERS' CO-OPERATIVE AND 
EDUCATIONAL UNION. 

Report of Christian Reformed Church on 
Farmers' Union of Kansas. 

Otley, Iowa, Sept. 13, 1915. 
To Classis of Pella Christian Reformed 
Church Convened at Pella, Iowa, 
Sept. 14 and 15, 1915. 

Esteemed Fathers and Brethren in 
Christ : — Your committee appointed at 
the spring session of Classis tO' investi- 
gate Farmers' Union of Kansas acts on 
the supposition that said Farmers' Union 
of Kansas is a branch of Farmers' Edu- 
cational and Co-operative Union of 
America, which stands condemned. 

In regard to the documents we used 
in our investigation to ascertain the 
status of said Union, we name the fol- 
lowing: ........ 

1. Circular: ''Farmers' Educational 
Co-operative Union of America'' (to be 
had from National Christian Associa- 
tion), containing: Opening ceremony, 
Initiation ceremony, Obligations, Chap- 
lain introduced, Final charge to initiated ; 
Burial ceremony. 

2. Constitution and By-laws of F. E. 
C. U. of America, Kansas Division 1914. 

3. Letter of Rev. A. F. of Sterling, 
Nebraska, who was in Committee of 
Lutheran Synod, Nebraska District, held 
August 18-24, 191 5, at Deshler, Nebras- 
ka, which committee investigated F. E. 
C. U. of America, Nebraska Division. 

4. A newspaper of Farmers' Union of 
Kansag, named The Farmers' Union. 

These doctimeiits we have carefully 
studied and considered in the light of 
Acta Synodum 1902, 1904, 1906, bearing 
on "Labor Unions" and also in the light 
of pamphlet "Unionism and Unions," 
ptiblished by order of Synod, 1902 (See 
old K. O. Art. 72 No. 5). The result of 
our investigation has been that we 
found: 

1. That the Farmers' Union oi Kansas 
is a branch of Farmers' Educational and 
Co-operative Union of America. We 
might add that the F. E. C. U. already 
has twenty branches. Besides Kansas, 
■djere are Alabama, Arkansas, California, 
Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Ken- 
tucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, 
North Carolina, Oregon, Oklahoma, 
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vir- 
ginia and Washington. 

2. That Farmers' Union of Kansas, 



like all the other branches, has a ritual 
(instrument instructing in regard to 
things religious) w^hich is kept secret 
from all who are not members. (Sec. 
7, page 6, and circular). And the ritual 
of Kansas Division is the same as that 
of F. E. C. U. of America. Two of the 
branches have received the right to bring 
changes in rituals, viz. : Nebraska and 
Kentucky. (Letter of Rev. T. F.) 

3. That Farmers' Union of Kansas, 
like all the other branches, is a secret 
society having a ritual as bad as that of 
lodges. The Farmers' Union of Kansas 
demands a strong promise of secrecy and 
obedience of the candidate. Part of 
punishment for breaking promise is im- 
mediate expulsion and ostracism and slit- 
ting of right ear. (Const. Sec. 27; Cir- 
cular pp. 4 and 5.) From the ritual 
(Circular) we present to you the follow- 
ing so that you have some idea of the 
way the Devil, the great imitator, w^orks 
to seduce souls. Just a few facts: The 
president of Union leads candidate from 
the darkness to the light. The chaplain 
of the Union is representative of the 
Great Shepherd : and any member, no 
matter whether he be believer or unbe- 
liever, Mohammedan, or atheist, may be 
chaplain. To^ believe in Genesis 1:1-3 
is sufficient light unto salvation. It is 
believed that every member of Union 
who should die, comes and is with Him 
who said: *T am the resurrection and 
the life." (John 11:25.) No sorrow, 
remorse, repentance or confession of sins 
is needful to go to heaven, etc. (Const. 
Sec. 10, p. 6; circular). Furthermore, 
that the Farmers' Pinions are lodges is 
very evident from the answers given by 
three delegates of F. E. C. U. of Nebras- 
ka to committee of Lutheran Synod 
above named. The first question was: 
"Is there a lodge ritual in use in the 
National Union ?" Answer, "Yes." "Do 
you admit, therefore, that the Farmers' 
Union has the character of a lodge?" 
Answer, "Yes." 'Ts the State L'nion of 
Nebraska a branch of the National 
Union?" Answer, "Yes." From the 
newspaper mentioned above we learn 
that Kansas is also a branch of F. E. 
C. LT. of America. The delegates were 
also asked whether the objectionable ele- 
ments had not been removed from ritual. 
Delegates denied that elements objec- 



204 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



tionable had been taken out of ritual. 
]\Ir. A. C. Davis, Gravette, Arkansas, 
answered question in same way. This 
]\Ir. Davis is Secretary-Treasurer of F. 
E. C. U. of America. He ought to 
know. In regard to objectionable ele- 
ments he writes to a certain Rev. F. 

^^^ d. : 

"Dear Sir: — You have not been cor- 
rectly advised about the action oi Na- 
tional Union as to the ritual. Our min- 
utes show that the only reference to the 
ritual at the 1914 convention was when 
the motion prevailed that Nebraska and 
Kentucky State Unions be granted the 
right to devise a ritual tO' suit their own 
needs. Very truly yours, 

A. C. Davis." 

^^'e quote this letter literally, since it 
w'as contended at spring session of 
Classis that the rituals had been changed 
in 1914; the rituals of Kentucky and 
Nebraska, "though not quite as terrible 
as the National Ritual, are still bad 
enough.'' (Letter Rev. A. F. esp.) 

4. That Farmers' Union of Kansas has 
not abolished its ritual ; that no ritual 
has been dropped by any state union, ac- 
cording to A. C. Davis. 

5. That Farmers' Union of Kansas 
does not force its local unions to use 
ritual if the use of it should be detri- 
mental to union. Anybody can see that 
this is only a trick to catch those who' 
are afraid of ritual and hence wall not 
join. The Devil is a liar from the begin- 
ning ii7itil now. 

6. That Farmers' Union of Kansas 
originated as a reaction to the so-called 
monopolistic oppression. That the F. E. 
C. U. of America breathes a spirit of 
revolution. (Circular.) 

Since these things are so, your com- 
mittee resolves and advises Conform 
Acta Synodum that no member of Chris- 
tian Reformed Church can or may join 
or belong to Farmers' Union of Kansas. 
Commandments i, 2 and 5, and other 
w^ords of Holy Scripture forbid it. 
Arguments against lodge systems can 
also be used here. Amos 3:3; Ps. 1:1; 
2 Cor. 6:15, 17; John 18:20; Eph. 5:7, 
II, 12. 

Respectfully submitted, your commit- 
tee, Geo. Hylkema, C. DeLeeuw, A. 
Bandslia. 

A. H. Brat, Ropporteur. 



W. O. W. BARGAIN. 

The Sovereign Visitor, organ of the 
Woodmen of the World, announces a 
bargain lot of junk to camps "for only 
$25.00." Excepting for the Rules of 
Order, would it not make "a mighty fine 
outfit" for highwaymen? We take it 
for granted the flag is black, with possi- 
bly the skull and cross bones on it. The 
offer reads as follows : "We are offer- 
ing a mighty fine outfit, consisting of 
6 Robes and Turbans (proper colors), i 
Beard, i Wig, i Staff, i Pike Pole, 6 
Hoodwinks, i Cross, i Pair Cross Bones, 
I Copy of Roberts' Rules of Order, i 
Emblem Seal, i Flag (4x7), i Ritual 
Service (5 pieces)." 



MOOSE MISAPPROPRIATE FUNDS. 

Divert "Charity" Contributions for Moose- 
heart Home. 

The 1915 convention at San Diego, Cal., 
amended the general laws of the order in re- 
gard to the making of reports by subordinate 
lodges and in regard to the remittance by 
them of the per capita tax and Mooseheart 
contribution. The underlying reason for this 
amendment was the fact that during the past 
two years the Supreme Lodge and Moose- 
heart have lost thousands of dollars because 
of the fact that under the old law all collec- 
tions by subordinate lodges of per capita tax 
and Mooseheart contributions were held by 
them for three months or more before being 
remitted to the Supreme Lodge. 

From this cause Mooseheart, particularly, 
has suffered. That institution has failed to re- 
ceive thousands of dollars collected specifically 
for it but spent for other purposes because of 
opportunities arising during the three months 
or more during which such collections were 
held in the custody of the subordinate lodges. 
It is realized, of course, that such conditions 
are exceptional, but it was further realized 
by the delegates assembled at San Diego that 
Mooseheart, the greatest and noblest activity 
now being carried on by the Loyal Order of 
Moose, must be protected and nurtured to 
the fullest possible extent. 

Therefore, the prime motive in the change 
of law to be explained here was to conserve 
the money now being paid by the members 
of the Order for the support of Mooseheart, 
and to see that the children who are the 
wards of the Order there receive the benefit 
of all monies contributed in good faith by 
the members of the Order for their support. — 
Mooseheart Magazine, Oct., 1915. 



York Rite Masons of McAlester, Okla., are 
building a crypt in the design assigned by 
tradition to the temple of Solomon, and claim 
that when finished it will be the only building 
of that nature in the world. 



November, 1915. CHRISTI AN CYNOSURE 205 

MASONIC CONVENTIONS. meeting of the Shriners this year in Seat- 
One writer in Cynosure some time tie? It has this to do with it, that the 
ago said that the Shriners when in Seat- authoritative Masonic paper, representing 
tie behaved very well, and I appreciate the Mystic Shrine, The Crescent, shows 
that your paper wants to treat them fair- that the spirit was the same this year, al- 
ly and also allows those to write who call though the growing popular dislike for 
attention to their good points, but I am public debauchery has caused them to 
afraid that it was not all as lovely as pic- exercise more care in public, so that few- 
tured. er Masons were seen drunk in the streets. 
It is a well-known fact that ''Women although a sufficient number were thus 
and Wine" are rushed to those cities seen to show the falsehood of the state- 
where lodges have conventions. The ment that all Masons are moral, as some 
Masons are not as bad as some other foolishly claim. 

lodges like the Elks and Eagles and their Well, here is what a poem in The Cres- 

ilk. The Elks when parading in the cent says : 

streets of Portland, Oregon, at their last A table round— with song and whie— 

,• ,1 . 1 ^ -j^ ^ A lass or two, (not yours or mine) — 
convention there, stopped outside sa- ^^ "bishop" there to give it class- 
loons and handed the bottles around in a story told, (but let that pass). 
the street and emptied them boisterously This the setting, this the life! 
before large crowds of ladies and chil- Jo h- with legislative strife! 
1 T^ • J -u t 1 I'll! up the bowl, drmk down a toast 
dren. It was indescribably coarse. _ ^o "Lon" and "Lil" and Nash, the host, 

When, however, the Masons met m To Edna, "Gil" and all the rest- 
Boston, while I was pastor there, the The choicest of the very best! 
Knights Templar — the very degree that No wonder these Shriners have 
the Masons boast of as their most Chris- dropped Christ, yea even the God of the 
tian ( ?) degree — rented the parlors of a Christians, and worship Allah in whose 
home in Back Bay and the poor maiden name Christians have been murdered by 
ladies, who had their income from these the thousand, and use the sign of the 
elaborately furnished rooms by renting crescent under which the Cross of Christ 
them for parties, were distracted when has been driven largely from all northern 
the next day they saw the ravages of the Africa and western Asia. No wonder 
drinking orgy of the Templars. One of that the Imperial Potentate at Seattle 
them showed me the furniture, saying, said, that what the Shriners had accom- 
"Look what they have done." It was plished they had accomplished "by the 
ruined by liquor, cut with broken bottles, help of Allah." They certainly could not 
and marked even on the top of tables accomplish it through Christ, 
with the heels of Masonic shoes. It was, therefore, the source of great 
At a Masonic ship chandler's office in humiliation and sorrow on the part of 
Boston some years ago, I happened to the earnest and honest believers in Jesus 
see the printed invitation to the Masons Christ as "Lord and God," that the Pres- 
to come to the Pacific coast to a con- byterian and Episcopal churches in Seat- 
vention and, not knowing that it was tie had special services for the Shriners 
anything more than some advertisement, under the leadership of Rev. M. A. Mat- 
I read it and fortunately got through be- thews and Bishop Keator, who also them- 
fore the Mason discovered that I read it. selves have taken this abominable de- 
He expressed his chagrin at having let it gree, a degree wdiere every ceremony is 
lie loose around in his office, for it of- built upon the religion which to-day is 
fered the Masonic brethren "wine and more bitterly opposed to Christianity and 
beautiful women" if they would come fights the cross of Christ more fiercely 
to that city. The wife of the above men- than any other heathen religion — the re- 
tioned ship chandler said to me, "My ligion of Mohammed, 
husband used to drink a little before he "For the name of God is blasphemed 
became a Mason, but since he became a among the Gentiles through you." (Rom. 
Mason he never comes home sober, but 2:24.) And this remains equally true, 
usually very drunk." The same man whether these Mohammedan ceremonies 
later drank himself to death. are used in earnest or merely as a cere- 
But what has this got to do with the mony or even as a joker. It is not the 



206 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



thing for a disciple of Christ to fool with. 
Let us become seriously conscious and 
consciously serious Christians. When the 
pastor of the largest Presbyterian church 
in the world and the highest Episcopal 
clergyman in the state — the one having 
been moderator of the Presbyterian 
church of America and the other being 
bishop of this diocese — fool with religion 
or invite to their churches an, association 
that has Allah as the object of its ritual 
and prayers and uses the crescent — the 
sign of hostility to the cross^ — and have 
special services for them — not to warn 
them against such mockery, but to eulo- 
gize the order, themselves being mem- 
bers, then it is small wonder that the 
churches feel they are losing the masses, 
for if the masses ever shall become 
Christian it will be through serious ser- 
vants of the Master. 

Here let me add, that I was witness to 
another case where a minister of Christ, 
Rev. ]\Ir. Strong, in speaking to an audi- 
ence of Japanese officers and crew of a 
Japanese man-of-war then in our harbor, 
said, *'We Christians expect you Orient- 
als to improve upon our Christianity." 
What next ? 

(Rev.) B. E. Bergesen. 

Seattle, Wash. 

MACCABEE RATE ADJUSTMENT UP- 
HELD. 

Very Important Decision on Fraternal In- 
surance. 

Both the Royal Arcanum and the 
.Maccabees have been obliged to raise 
their rates of insurance in an attempt 
to save themselves from inevitable bank- 
ruptcy. Both orders have been sued 
on the ground that to raise the rates 
on old members constituted a violation 
of their contracts. 

In the case of the Maccabee con- 
test, the Supreme Court of the State 
of Washington decided in favor of the 
increased rates and said : 

''There being no contract in the commercial 
sense, but a mutual promise of every mem- 
ber to pay the certificate of every other mem- 
ber, there can be no vested right in any provi- 
sion of the contract, either expressed or im- 
plied, that is not subject to and controlled by 
the duty of the member to pay the cost of 
his owm insurance, but under no construction 
of a'mutual contract can he demand more than 
he is willing to give. 

"He became an insurer as well as an in- 
sured. He cannot get away from his asso- 
ciates if he would. He must meet his obli- 



gation to them and all this legislation does 
is to call upon him to pay his own cost as a 
member. 

"It is lamentably true that most, if not all, 
of the fraternal benefit associations with 
which courts have been called upon to deal in 
recent years were founded upon false assump- 
tions and self-deceptions; a purpose to make 
something out of nothing, to have others do 
for us without doing our whole duty to our- 
selves and to them." 

Speaking of the accumulation of a reserve 
or emergency fund, the court held : 

"It generally represents a loading of what 
may be called a possible minimum contract 
rate. It is a modern thing among fraternal 
societies. Indeed, the thought was generally 
discountenanced in their earlier years. Neces- 
sity has driven them into the only open port. 
An accumulation to balance the deficiency in 
rates is a bridge over which the society may 
pass from the quicksands of bankruptcy to the 
high ground of business solvency. 

"The society has not repudiated its con- 
tract. It is endeavoring to perform it. Re- 
spondent's contributions to the society have 
not met the cost of carrying his certificate and 
so long as he has had protection for less than 
cost he cannot complain. 

"We have endeavored to make it plain that 
a member of a beneficiary society having a 
democratic or representative form of gov- 
ernment has no right under a certificate pro- 
viding for a change in by-laws, as does certi- 
ficate held by respondent, that can be called 
vested except a right to insist that the face 
or amount to become due under his contract 
shall not be lessened or impaired; that the 
object, plan, spirit and purpose of such a so- 
ciety is written into its certificate; that the 
true meaning of the promise to obey its rules 
and regulations and such changes and amend- 
ments as thereafter may be made, is that the 
society may from time to time correct its mis- 
takes or take such steps as may be necessary 
to keep its promises, and further, where it 
appears to be necessary, it is a recognition of 
a duty resting upon the society so to do ; 
that a member has a vested interest only in 
the object of the society and in turn implied- 
ly agrees, notwithstanding the state of the by- 
laws at the time of joining, that the society 
may so legislate that its certificates whether 
matured by death or time will be worth their 
face; that the accomplishment of this pur- 
pose is a mere detail and so long as all mem- 
bers similarly situated are treated alike and 
no member is called upon to pay more than 
the cost of his certificate, as may be deter- 
mined by the mortuary and experience tables 
recognized by the laws of this state, there 
can be no just cause of complaint on the part 
of anyone; that a by-law fixing impossible 
rates, followed by a clause saying that such 
rates shall continue so long as the member 
remains in good standing, is to be measured 
by the objects of the order and is of no high- 
er order than any other by-law, for the, very 
evident reason that the object of the society 
to pay the face of each certificate cannot be 
accomplished unless such by-law is amended." 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



207 



AGED KNIGHTS HARD HIT. 

The state law of Indiana, with the concur- 
rence of the Supreme Lodge of the Knights 
and Ladies of Honor, recently changed that 
organization from a mutual to a legal reserve 
basis throwing practically the entire excess 
cost entailed, it is said, on members who are 
more than GO years old. 

The ratio of increase may be judged from 
that on a $2,000 policy held by a member 70 
years old, it is pointed out by members. The 
monthly payment on this policy was formerly 
$7.10 a month, and under the new schedule 
will be $21.70 a month, an increase of more 
than 200 per cent. A member who has reached 
91 years of age will pay $144.90 a month on 
a $2,000 policy. It is estimated that some 
14,000 members fall into the elderly class. 
Rates for young members and those who have 
joined since 1910 remain practically unaffected. 

Members may transfer at once to the re- 
serve order and continue to pay the same 
rate of assessment, but accepting a certificate 
for a reduced amount, in the ratio outlined on 
the new schedule. Thus the 70-year-old, who 
paid $7.10 for a $2,000 policy, may continue 
to pay the same assessment, accepting a policy 
for something less than $1,000. Hundreds of 
members will be forced to accept this ar- 
rangement because of inability to maintain the 
payments on the full amount of their policies. 

Another option allows transfer to the re- 
serve order, accepting the new schedule of 
rates. A classification of members, based on 
the relation of their ages to the time of their 
entry, permits them to continue payments until 
a certain age limit is reached, when they trans- 
fer to the new rate. 

Defended as Safety Measure. 

"We consider the reserve basis the only 
safe and absolutely secure policy for a life 
insurance company," said A. Friedrich, grand 
secretary of the order. "It will undoubtedly 
work a hardship on many of the older mem- 
bers, but it secures the order as a whole. That 
basis has come to be accepted as the sound- 
est in American life insurance and is being 
adopted by most of the states." 

Mr. Friedrich declared that protests had 
been numerous, but said that there was 
nothing for the members to do but accept. — 
Chicago Tribune, Oct. 18, 1915. 



THE BATAVIA TRAGEDY. 

(Continued J 

BY CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS. 



LODGE PROPERTY TAXED. 

Charity Dodge Fails to Exempt. 

A building owned by a. lodge and used 
as a meeting place for its members and 
for tbe social enjoyment of members and 
their guests, the surplus funds of which, 
together with voluntary contributions of 
members, are devoted to the relief of the 
needy, is held not exempt from taxation 
as being exclusively used for services 
purelv charitable in the Missouri case of 
St. Louis Lodge No. 9, B. P. O. E. v. 
Koeln, L. R. A. 191 5G, 694. — Chicago 
Legal News, Or/. 14, 1915. 



An Ingenious Contrivance. 

When the books of Morgan and AUyn 
and Bernard, the admissions of Colonel 
Stone and of the Rhode Island legisla- 
tive investigation, had left little of the 
mysteries of Freemasonry unseen by the 
public eye, the impressions derived from 
observation were curious and contra- 
dictory. Upon the first hasty and super- 
ficial glance a feeling might arise of 
surprise that the frivolity of its unmean- 
ing ceremonial, and the ridiculous sub- 
stitution of its fictions for the sacred his- 
tory, should not have long ago discredited 
the thing in the minds of good and sensi- 
ble men everywhere. Yet, upon a closer 
and more attentive examination this first 
feeling vanishes, and makes w^ay for 
astonishment at the ingenious contrivance 
displayed in the construction of the 
whole machine. A more perfect agent 
for the devising and execution of con- 
spiracies against church or state could 
scarcely have been conceived. At the 
outer door stands the image of secrecy, 
stimulating the passion of curiosity. And 
the world, which habitually takes the un- 
known to be sublime, could scarcely avoid 
inferring that the untold mysteries which 
were supposed to have been transmitted 
undivulged to any external ear, from 
generation to generation, must have in 
them some secret of power richly worth 
the knowing. Here was the temptation 
to enter the portal. But the unlucky 
wight, like him of the poet's hell, when 
once admitted within the door, was 
doomed at the same moment to leave be- 
hind him all hope or expectation of re- 
treat. His mouth was immediately 
sealed by an obligation of secrecy, im- 
pO'Sed W'ith all the solemnity that can be 
borrowed from the use of the forms of 
religious worship. Nothing was left 
undone to- magnify the efl:"ect of the scene 
upon his imagination. High-sounding 
titles, strange and startling modes of 
procedure, terrific pledges and impreca- 
tions, and last, though not least, the grad- 
uation of orders in an ascending scale, 
which, like mirrors placed in long vistas, 
had the effect of expanding the apparent 
range of vision almost to infinitude, were 
all combined to rescue from ridicule and 



208 



n 



HRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



contempt the moment of discovery of the 
insionihcant secret actuaUv disclosed. 
Having thus been tempted by curiosity 
to advance, and being cut ott by fear 
from retreat, there came last of all the 
appearance of a sufficient infusion of re- 
ligious and moral and benevolent profes- 
sion to furnish an ostensible cause for 
the construction of a system so ponder- 
ous and complicate. The language of 
the Old Testament, the history as well 
as the traditions of the Jews, and the re- 
sources of imagination, are indiscrimi- 
nately drawn upon to deck out a progres- 
sive series of initiating ceremonies which 
would otherwise claim no attribute to 
save them from contempt. Ashamed 
and afraid to go backward, the novice 
suffers his love of the marvelous, his 
dread of personal hazard, and his hope 
for more of the beautiful and the true 
than has yet been doled out to him, to 
lead him on until he finds himself 
crawling under the living arch, or com- 
mitting the folly of the fifth libation. He 
then, too late, discovers himself to have 
been fitting for the condition either of a 
dupe or of a conspirator. He has 
plunged himself needlessly into an abyss 
of obligations, which, if they signify lit- 
tle, prove him to have been a fool, and 
if, on the contrary, they signify much, 
prove him ready, at a moment's warn- 
ing, to make himself a villain. 

Such is the impression of the Masonic 
institution that must be gathered from all 
the expositions that have been lately 
made. Yet, strange though it may seem, 
there is no reason to doubt that the so- 
ciety has had great success in enrolling 
numbers of persons in many countries 
among its members, and keeping them 
generally faithful to the obligations 
which it imposed. This, if no other 
fact, would be sufficient to relieve Uie 
whole machine from the burden of ridi- 
cule it might otherwise be made to bear. 
Perhaps the strongest feature of the as- 
sociation is to be found in the pledge it 
imposes of mutual assistance in distress. 
On this account much merit has been 
claimed to it, and many stories have 
been circulated of the benefits which in- 
dividuals have experienced in war, or in 
perils by sea and land, or in other dis- 
asters, by the ability to resort to the 
grand hailing sign. This argument, which 
has probably made more Freemasons 



than any other, would be good in its de-> 
fense were it not for two objections. 
One of them is, that the pledge to assist 
is indiscriminate, making little or no dif- 
ference between the good or bad nature 
of the actions to promote which a co- 
operation may be invoked. The other is, 
that the engagement implies a duty of 
preference of one member of society to 
the disadvantage of another who may be 
in all respects his superior. It establishes 
a standard of merit conflicting with that 
established by the Christian or the social 
system, either or both of which ought to 
be of paramount obligation. And this 
injurious preference is the more danger- 
ous because it may be carried on without 
the knowledge of the sufferers. The 
more scrupulously conscientious a citi- 
zen may be, who hesitates at taking an 
oath the nature of which he does not 
know beforehand, the more likely will 
he be to be kept down by the artificial 
advancement of others who^ may derive 
their advantage from a cunning use of 
their more flexible sense of right. That 
these are not altogether imaginary ob- 
jections, there is no small amount of 
actual evidence to prove. There has been 
a time when resort to Masonry was re- 
garded as eminently favorable to^ early 
success in life ; and there have been men 
whose rapidity of personal and political 
advancement it would be difficult to ex- 
plain by any other cause than this, that 
they have been generally understood to 
be bright Masons. Such a preference as 
is here supposed can be justifiable onlv 
upon the supposition that Masonic merit 
and social merit rest on the same gen- 
eral foundation — a supposition which no 
person will be able to entertain for a 
moment after he shall have observed the 
scales which belong respectively to each. 

Masonry's Supposed Antiquity. 

Another argument which has been ef- 
fectively resorted to as an aid to Free- 
masonry is drawn from its supposed an- 
tiquity. To give color to this notion, a 
very ingenious use has been made of 
much of the sacred history; but it ap- 
pears to have no solid foundation what- 
soever. Whatever may have been the 
nature of the associations of Masonswho 
built the gothic edifices of the middle 
ages, the investigations entered into by 
those who opposed speculative Free- 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



209 



masonry sufficiently proved that the lat- 
ter scarcely dates beyond the early part 
of the last century. The air of tradition- 
ary mystery, like the ceruga on many a 
pretended coin, has been artifically added 
to heighten its value to the curious. Yet 
such has been its effect, that this cause 
alone has probably contributed very 
largely to till up the ranks of the society. 
The rapidity of its growth during the 
period of its legitimate existence is one 
of the most surprising circumstances at- 
tending its history. Originating in 
Great Britain somewhere about the be- 
ginning of the eighteenth century (1717) 
it soon ramified not only in that country, 
but into France and Germany ; it spread 
itself into the colonies of North Ameri- 
ca, and made its way to the confines of 
distant Asia. Although the seeds of the 
institution were early planted in Boston 
and Charleston, they did not fructify 
largely until after the period of the Revo- 
lution. The original form of Masonry 
was comprised in what are now called 
the first three degrees — the Entered Ap- 
prentice, Fellowcraft and Master — but 
during the first quarter of the present 
century, so thoroughly had the basis been 
laid over the entire surface of the United 
States, that the degrees have been multi- 
plied more than tenfold, and in all direc- 
tions the materials have been collected 
for a secret combination of the most 
formidable character. It was not until 
the history of Morgan laid open the 
consequences of the abuse of the system, 
that the public began to form a concep- 
tion of the dangerous fanaticism which 
it was cherishing in its bosom. Even 
then, the endeavor to apply effective 
remedies tO' the evil was met with the 
most energetic and concerted resistance, 
and the result of the struggle was by no 
means a decided victory tO' the opponents 
of the institution. Fremasoury still lives 
[1850] and moves and has a being, even 
in New York and Massachusetts. And 
at the seat of the federal government, 
Freemasonry at this moment claims and 
obtains the privilege of laying the corner- 
stone of the national institution created 
upon the endowment of James Smithson, 
for the purpose of increasing and dif- 
fusing knowledge among men. 

Insurrection Agitated by Lodge. 

An obvious danger attending all asso- 



ciations of men connected by secret obli- 
gations, springs from their susceptibility 
to abuse in being converted into engines 
for the overthrow or the control of es- 
tablished government. So soon was the 
apprehension of this excited in Europe 
by P>eemasonry, that many of the abso- 
lute monarchies took early measures to 
guard against its spread within their lim- 
its. Rome, Naples, Portugal, Spain and 
Russia made participation in it a capital 
offense. Other governments more cau- 
tiously confined themselves to efforts to 
control it by a rigid system of super- 
vision. In Great Britain the endeavor of 
government has been to neutralize its 
power to harm, by entering into it and 
by placing trustworthy members of the 
royal family at its head. Yet, even with 
all these precautions and prohibitions, it 
is believed that in France at the period 
of the Revolution, and in Italy within the 
present century, much of the insurrec- 
tionary spirit of the time was fostered, if 
not in Masonic lodges, at least in asso- 
ciations bearing a close affinity to them 
in all essential particulars. With regard 
to the United States, thus far in their 
history there has been very little to justi- 
fy any of the most serious objections 
which may be made against Masonry in 
connection with political affairs. Yet the 
events which followed the death of ^lor- 
gan first opened the public mind to the 
idea that already a secret influence per- 
vaded all parts of the body politic, with 
which it was not very safe for an in- 
dividual to come into conflict. The boast 
of Brainard, already alluded to, was now 
brought to mind. It was found to bias, 
if not to control, the action of officers of 
justice of every grade, to aft'ect the policy 
of legislative bodies, and even to paralyze 
the energy of the executive head. This 
power, by gaining a greater appearance 
of magnitude from the mystery with 
which it was surrounded, was doubtless 
much exaggerated by the popular fancy 
during the period of the Morgan excite- 
ment ; but, after making all proper al- 
lowances, it is impossible from a fair 
survey of the evidence to doubt that it 
was something real, and that it might, in 
course of time, have established an un- 
disputed control over the aft'airs of the 
Union, had not its progress been some- 
what roughly broken by the consequences 



210 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



of the violent movement against Morgan, 
which had its origin in the precipitate but 
fanatical energy of one division of the 
societ}'. And even since the agitation of 
that day, there is the best reason for be- 
lieving that throughout the region most 
atlected by it an organization was made 
up after the fashion of jNIasonic lodges, 
the object of which was directly to stim- 
ulate a concerted insurrection against the 
governing power of a neighboring coun- 
try, calculated to give rise to a furious 
contest with a foreign nation, and to ma- 
ture plans by which such an attempt 
could be most effectually aided by citi- 
zens of the United States in spite of all 
the national declarations of neutrality 
and in defiance of all the fulminations 
of government at home. 

Conspiracy Widespread. 
But at the time of Morgan's mysteri- 
ous disappearance, the investigations then 
pursued, imperfect as they were, and 
more than once completely baffled for the 
moment, brought forth the names of 
sixty-nine different individuals, many of 
them of great respectability of private 
character, who had been directly con- 
cerned in the outrages attending his tak- 
ing off. These sixty-nine persons were 
not living within a confined circle. They 
had their homes scattered along an ex- 
tent of country of at least one hundred 
miles. That so many men, at so many 
separate points, should have acted in per- 
fect concert in such a business as they 
were engaged in, would scarcely be be- 
lieved without compelling the inference 
of some distinct understanding existing 
between them. That they should have 
carried into effect the most difficult part 
of their undertaking, a scheme of the 
most daring and criminal nature, in the 
midst of a large, intelligent and active 
population, without thereby incurring the 
risk of a full conviction of their guilt 
and the consequent punishment, would 
be equally incredible but for the light 
furnished by the phraseology of the Ma- 
sonic oath. The several forms of this 
oath, as shown to have been habitually 
administered in the first three degrees, 
together with the ceremony attending the 
Royal Arch and the Knight Templar's 
obligation, have been deemed all of Ma- 
sonry that is necessary to illustrate the 
letters of Mr. Adams. They are believed 
sufficient to account for the successful 



manner in which Morgan was spirited 
away. It is not deemed expedient to 
dwell here upon their nature ; it is enough 
to point out the fact that obedience to 
the order is the paramount law of asso- 
ciation ; that it makes every social, civil 
and moral duty a matter of secondary 
consideration ; that it draws few distinc- 
tions between the character of the acts 
that may be required tO' be done, and that 
it demands fidelity to^ guilt just the same 
as if it were the purest innocence. Every 
man who' takes a Masonic oath forbids 
himself from divulging any criminal act, 
unless it might be murder or treason, 
that may be communicated to him under 
the seal of the fraternal bond, even 
though such concealment were to prove 
a burden upon his conscience and a vio- 
lation of his bounden duty tO' society and 
to his God. The best man in the world, 
put in this situation, may be compelled 
to take his election between perjury on 
one side and sympathy with crime on 
the other. The worst man in the world, 
put in this situation, has it in his power 
to claim that the best shall degrade his 
moral sense down tO' the level of his 
own, by hearing from him, without re- 
sentment, revelations to which even 
listening may be a participation of dis- 
honor. 

The facts attending the abduction of 
Morgan, not elicited without the most 
extraordinary difficulty by subsequent 
investigation, have been so often pub- 
lished far and wide as to make it super- 
fluous here to repeat them. It may be 
enough to state that from the day when 
the partnership between Mo^rgan and 
David C. Miller, a printer of Batavia, 
made for the purpose of publishing the 
'Tllustrations of Masonry," was an- 
nounced, no form of annoyance which 
could be expected to deter them from 
prosecuting their design was left unat- 
tempted. The precise nature of these 
forms may be better understood if we 
class them under general heads, until 
they took the ultimate shape of aggra- 
vated crime. 

I. Anonymous denunciation of the 
man Morgan, as an impostor, in news- 
papers published at Canandaigua, Ba- 
tavia and Black Rock, places at some 
distance from each other, but all within 
the limits of the region in which the sub- 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



211 



sequent acts of violence were committed. 

2. Abuse of the forms of law, by the 
hunting up of small debts or civil of- 
fences with which to carry on vexatious 
suits or prosecutions against the two per- 
sons heretofore named. 

3. The introduction of a spy into their 
counsels, and of a traitor to their con- 
fidence, employed for the purpose of be- 
traying the manuscripts of the proposed 
work to the Masonic lodges, and thus of 
frustrating the entire scheme. 

4. Attempts toi surprise the printing 
office by a concerted night attack of men 
gathered from various points, assembling 
at a specific rendezvous, the abode of a 
high member of the order, and pro- 
ceeding in order to the execution of the 
object, which was the forcible seizure of 
the manuscripts and the destruction of 
the press used to print them-. 

5. Efforts tO' get possession of the per- 
sons of the two offenders, by a resort tO' 
the processes of law, through the con- 
nivance and co-operation of officers of 
justice, themselves Masons. These ef- 
forts failed in the case of Miller, but 
they succeeded against Morgan, and were 
the means by which all the subsequent 
movements were carried into execution. 

6. The employment of an agent se- 
cretly tO' prepare materials for the com- 
bustion of the building which contained 
the printing materials known to be em- 
ployed in the publication of the book and 
tO' set them on fire. 

Such were the proceedings which were 
resorted to at the very onset of this con- 
spiracy ; and upon looking at them it will 
be seen at a glance that the prosecu- 
tion of them involved the commission of 
a variety of moral and social offenses, 
the commission of which may he fmrly 
included mithin the literal injunction of 
the Masonic oath. Had the matter 
stopped here it would have furnished 
abundance of evidence to establish the 
dangerous character of a secret institu- 
tion, when its interests are deemed to 
conflict with those of individual citizens 
or of society at large. But what has thus 
far been compressed in the six preceding 
heads appears as nothing when com- 
pared with the startling developments of 
the remainder of the story. 

(To be continued.) 



iEittnnal 



SPOUTED PINS. 

The Southern Watchman opines that 
"The college sophomore, his newly ac- 
quired Greek letter pin fairly burning his 
breast with its brightness, and his hands 
itching to practice the secret grip with 
every unsuspecting passer-by, would do 
well to make a tour of inspection of the 
pawnshops along Park Row and the 
Bowery. There he will find the pin 
which he thought never budged from the 
ostentatious semiconcealment of the vest 
pocket lapel, vulgarly displayed to the 
public at large from the brilliantly lighted 
window of the pawnbroker. And to 
make the disillusionment complete, the 
pin too often has a price tag attached. 

''Such a tour, recently made, located 
over 60 pins displayed by avuncular es- 
tablishments, which can be bought for a 
half or two-thirds of their original cost. 
Delta Upsilon and Alpha Delta Phi were 
close rivals for the honor of pawn- 
broker's favorite, it being won by the 
former by a score of 10 to 9, while Beta 
Theta Pi came third with 7." 

Out of the above plain statement of 
facts, emerge certain points of theory. 
These cannot be so readily and securely 
substantiated, yet they may be worth 
naming. For instance, it may be that 
some among these cases of raising money 
on Greek pins, were developed in the 
course of postgraduate years through the 
operation of convivial habits acquired 
while they were worn in fraternal under- 
graduate scenes. From the first, the 
pins may themselves have pointed the 
way to Park Row and Bowery pawn- 
brokers' doors. But for them, their 
owners might never have needed to raise 
money in this way on anything. Another 
possible point is that some of their own- 
ers outgrew that type of jewelry in ma- 
turing years. Perhaps they also saw re- 
sults of fraternity habits that sent some 
of their most promising classmates to 
pawnshops in expected days, once prom- 
ising rich harvests. Athletes of their col- 
lege classes may have gone staggering 
and tottering along Park Row. Or, 
again, they may have found it still worn 
with silly vanity^ by /men who, in deteri- 



212 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



orating lives, have obviously gone down 
so far that, submerged, they cling to a 
pin with a Greek letter on it as a straw 
floating down from earlier respectability. 
In disgust, they may have got rid of what 
they will no longer wear. The showy 
chapter house ; the glaring pawnbroker 
shop — what a juxtaposition! 

^Iv. S. E. Roth writes that his "Gospel 
Tract Calendar for 1916'' is now ready 
for delivery. He sends them, so far as 
he has the means, to applicants free of 
charge. Address Gospel Tract Mission, 
R. R. 3, \\'oodburn, Oregon. 

THE SCHOOL TEACHERS' UNION. 

As a result of an investigation of the 
Chicago Teachers' Federation by a com- 
mittee appointed by the state legislature, 
the Board of Education adopted a rule 
calculated to destroy the Federation in 
its present form. The board did not 
deny the right of the teachers to unite in 
organizations for their mutual benefit, 
but the Teachers' Federation is affiliated 
with the American Federation of Labor 
and has been perniciously active in local 
and state afi:airs. 

A lobby was maintained at Springfield 
to procure legislation favorable to the 
Federation, and during the sessions of 
the legislative investigating committee 
the meeting was packed with officials of 
the Teachers' Federation and of the Fed- 
eration of Labor, who made such a dis- 
turbance that the committee was obliged 
to adjourn. 

We cannot here give an account of the 
fight which this ruling precipitated be- 
tween the Board oi Education and the 
Teachers' Federation, backed by the 
American Federation of Labor. At the 
present time the Board of Education is 
withheld by a temporary injunction from 
putting the rule into effect. 

The Chicago Daily NeW'S comments 
editorially on the situation as follows : 
When Teachers Combine. 

In considering the question of the Chicago 
Teachers' Federation the task of the school 
board will be simpHfied if attention is directed 
steadily upon the sole point of the attack — the 
federation's affiliation with organized labor. 
The question before the public is just this: Is 
it wrong for public school teachers to ally 
themselves officially with organized labor? 

Public servants are in the service of the 
public as a whole; they should not declare ex- 
clusive allegiance to any one group of citi- 



zens, however numerous and strong. In Chi- 
cago labor unions are strong. In some other 
city or town they may be weak. In one com- 
munity the dominant group may be market 
gardeners or mill owners. It does not become 
public servants to select one group, whether 
ernployed or employing, and cast in their lot 
with that one, adopting its quarrels, enlisting 
its fraternal support and committing them- 
selves in advance to all its policies and de- 
cisions. 

These considerations apply to all public em- 
ployes, but with peculiar force to public school 
teachers. In our democratic public schools 
the child of the wage worker sits side by side 
with the child of the employer of labor and 
the child of the small storekeeper, who is 
neither an employer nor an employe. All 
pupils are entitled to equal syniDathy and at- 
tention from the teacher. With the whole 
world of industry and commerce, the home, 
the learned professions, agriculture, every- 
thing represented potentially in the boys and 
girls before her, the teacher cannot properly 
limit her interest to one group. 

Neither should she allow herself to get into 
a situation where she appears to have selected 
one group, not for professional reasons but 
for material reasons ; not because she ought to 
join it, but because she expects to make money 
by joining it. 

This union of public employes exists as the 
result of a false analogy. The employer of 
the teachers is the public. It will be difficult 
to convince parents of school children and 
taxpayers that the teachers need protection 
against them. 

When friction develops in the relations of 
employer and employe in commercial and in- 
dustrial life the tendency is to admit the 
public more and more as a third party in in- 
terest whose fairness is assured. In these 
circumstances it is absurd and reactionary for 
employes of the public to look upon their em- 
ployer as hostile and therefore to arm in self- 
defense. 

For Teachers to Consider. 

Trade unions are organized primarily to 
protect their members by collective bargain- 
ing in the sale of their labor. When the de- 
mands of a union are not conceded and con- 
ciliation and arbitration fail or are not em- 
ployed, the alternative is a strike. If employ- 
er and employes are not under government 
control or direction in their ordinary activities, 
the organization of either or both is justified 
and in many instances almost necessary. 

But public servants — teachers, postal em- 
ployes, policemen, firemen, soldiers and so on 
— deal with the whole people through properly 
constituted representatives of the whole peo- 
ple, and for these persons to unionize on the 
ordinary trade basis is in itself an ofTense 
against the theory of popular government. It 
is potential mutiny — a veiled threat of per- 
nicious class activity. 

A teachers' federation, organized for mutual 
benefit, is one thing; a teachers' union, acting 
as a trade organization under the domineering 
influence of ambitious leaders and taking part 
as a body in politics, is quite another thing. 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



215 



The purpose of the one is beneficent. It 
would be well for the teacher members to ask 
themselves what are the purposes and plans — 
in particular, what are the methods — of the 
other. 

To these teachers the Chicago Board of Ed- 
ucation has rendered a service by declaring 
against an organization that in the most im- 
portant matter of all does not represent, but 
does distinctly misrepresent, the profession of 
teaching. 



AN ODD NAME.. 

Compound words, being- among the 
most uncertain and puzzling technicali- 
ties of written language, afford some of 
the easiest variations and errors to over- 
look or forgive. This is largely because 
standard authorities often disagree, and 
because they sometimes fail to agree even 
with themselves, so far as not tO' print 
words in the same way on different 
pages of the same work, not to say in 
the same paragraph. In one dictionary 
twO' words are printed separately ; in an- 
other, as one compound word. Again, 
a compound which in one dictionary is a 
solid word is printed in another as a 
hyphenated compound. In some cases, 
also, capital letters take the place of the 
first small letter after the hyphen. Hence 
the uncertainty of a writer, and the lack 
of uniformity in printed matter, is 
rather excusable though somewhat irri- 
tating. 

One result that falls within our range, 
is an almost unanswerable question about 
the name of one of the largest, oldest 
and best known of the ordinary English- 
speaking secret societies. Authority can 
be cited for each of the following forms : 
Odd Fellow, Odd-Fellow, Odd-fellow 
and Oddfellow. No doubt the first of 
these was the original name assumed by 
members of the rudimentary drinking 
club in which more fully developed Odd 
Fellowship originated. Whether this 
continues to be the preferable name or 
not, it has not become inadmissible. 
There is obvious gradation of form, 
which might also have been progressive. 
Whether we cam trace the variations in 
their order of appearance or not, we can 
at least imagine this kind of progressive 
variation. Odd Fellow, having been, for 
some time in use, becomes a single uni- 
form title ; the name is now a compound 
one, of which both parts are words never 
separated in writing or speaking the 
name. Why not, then, recognize this by 
means of a hyphen? But, later still, the 



name being now long used as one title 
seems to need but one capital, and really 
to be yet more imihed by having one in- 
stead of two. So we will write Odd- 
fellow. Time passes, and the one title 
hnally becomes the one solid word, 
(Jddfellow. It is not quite in vain that 
the supposed process of alteration is 
traced in this way; for while we con- 
sider what might have been chosen at 
one time or another, and for what rea- 
son, we are liable to consider each reason " 
in relation to present conditions. We do 
not pretend to know that this was an 
actual order of progress, or that there 
has been any regularity of progress at 
all, though as all the forms now exist 
together, they certainly show a real 
gradation. 

Let us not forget, however, that it is 
always safe and sometimes obligatory to 
write a proper name as they write it to 
whom it properly belongs. When vari- 
ous business firms sign their letters,. 
Brown and Green, or Brown and Greene, 
or Browne and Green, we are careful 
to make addresses on envelopes conform. 
We also use similar care in addressing a 
letter to Greeneville, Tennessee, or to 
Greenville, Wisconsin. This prudent 
rule applied to the case in question will 
at least justify writing still the primary 
form. Odd Fellow, and, consistentlv 
with this, Odd Fellowship. Yet it i's 
slightly disconcerting to find in the very 
tirst article on the editorial page of what 
is perhaps the leading organ of this order 
in the United States the solid com- 
pound. Odd fellowship. Is one of the dis- 
tinctive oddities of the order uncertainty 
about the right way to tell its own name"? 



UNION RULE ON MILITIA WILL 
HAVE COURT TEST. 

Hillsboro, 111., Oct. 4.— Warrants were is- 
sued today for three members of the United 
Mine Workers of America to test the validity 
of union rules which forbid members of the 
labor organization from joining the Illinois 
National Guard. 

An Illinois law imposes a fine of $-')00 on 
any one who attempts to interfere with anv 
man joining the National Guard. The by-law 
of the state union provides for the expulsion 
of any member joining the guard. 

The warrant charges that a union commit- 
tee prevented five members of the Illinois 
National Guard from working in a mine near 
here. The complainants in the case are mem- 
bers of the Hillsboro local of the miners' 
union. — Chicago Tribune. 



214 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



November, 1915. 



jletti0 of ®ur Wotk 



THE INDIANA CONVENTION. 

It is intended to hold the Indiana Con- 
tion at Richmond November 29th and 
30th, although the necessary arrange- 
ments have not yet all been made owing 
to the absence of the undersigned in the 
west. A strong program is in the course 
of preparation and it is believed that the 
Convention will occur on the dates 
named. Those who are interested are in- 
vited to write at once for particulars to 
Mead A. Kelsey, 221 College Ave., Rich- 
mond, Ind. 



I. O. O. F. SECRETS SCATTERED. 



Work of Colporteur Among Delegates to 

Sovereign Grand Lodge at San 

Francisco, 



The 22nd of September was a gala day 
for the Sovereign Grand Lodge of the I. 
O. O. F. in San Francisco. I had a good 
supply of tracts with me showing their 
secret work, but I felt a little chary about 
passing out the literature when near any 
police officer or lodge officer in the vicin- 
ity of the policeman. It was not that I 
was afraid that I could not hold my own 
in any argument, or that in case of ar- 
rest I would be confronted with their 
secret work as a witness against ffie, but 
I was afraid that they would confiscate 
all of my precious literature. I wore a 
long-tailed coat which had immense 
sized coat tail pockets which were liber- 
ally stuffed with literature, from which 
I would take a dozen or two pamphlets 
at a time and holding them in my hand 
and partly up my sleeve, I would hand 
them out one at a time ; thus I seldom had 
the supply in sight as the whole police 
department, it seemed, was safeguarding 
that parade. While the others marched 
the street in their gala attire, I marched 
along the sidewalk and passed out the 
tracts to the spectators, some of whom 
refused to take them until they saw at the 
heading, "Odd-Fellowship; Its History," 
etc. By the time they had finished read- 
ing the history thereof, and had turned 
the last leaf and seen the secret signs, — 
and if they were Odd-Fellows, had prob- 
ably made up their mind to stop my work 



of exposure — I, of course, had vanished. 
I passed them out to Odd-Fellows, East- 
ern Stars and Masons all alike. Some 
who would be hurrying past would seem- 
ingly reluctantly take the pamphlet, and 
as I would look after them I would see 
them first slacken their pace, then stop 
in the throng and stand intently reading 
the pamphlet. The history you put upon 
the first page was well designed, as I 
think nearly all to whom I gave a pamph- 
let at first glance thought it a historical 
boost for the order, and I think it prob- 
ably saved me many times from being 
halted in my good work. 

One street car conductor to whom I 
gave one with the remark, "Do you care 
to read a bit of history?" glanced at the 
heading and most likely, thinking it a 
boost, said, "Oh, Odd-Fellowship? yes, 
I have been in that order for thirty years. 
T will look this up," and carefully stowed 
it away in an inside pocket, and I stowed 
away my laugh. I put the literature into 
the hands of Uncle Sam's men of the 
army and navy. I distributed them along 
Market street and out Vanness avenue 
along the. line of march clear out tO the 
Fair Grounds' gate, where I stopped to 
watch the parade enter. 

One old gentleman who stood Upon the 
sidewalk watching the parade floats enter 
the gate seemed to be in the zenith of his 
joy; as each of the floats would arrive 
he seemed almost as elated as a school 
boy is suppo&ed io be when the circus 
comes to town. To the ladies on the float 
he would wave his hat (Uitially three 
times) and shout, "Oh, my! bui aren't 
you purty!" To other floats he WOtild 
rush out and shake somebody's hand. He 
remarked that it was a wonderful adver- 
tisement for the Fraternity. I very much 
wanted to show him their secret work 
and tell him some facts about the order, 
but there were so many police officers 
about the gate, to say nothing of Odd- 
Fellows' officers, that I thought it tmwise 
to start an argument. 

I next crossed the street and had begun 
giving out the secrets of the order there, 
when a lady approached me saying, "Wili 
you not give me a few of those pamph- 
lets?" At first I thought she probably 
wanted to' confiscate them, and so I said, 
"Are you a Rebekah Sister?" "No," she 
replied.^ '""Are you an Eastern StarP^f^' 



November, 1915. 



CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE 



215 



queried. Her face took on a look of dis- 
dain as she said, "Me, a Roman Catholic, 
belong to one of those Christless things? 
Well, I should say not. But I am going 
into the Fair, and I saw you were not, 
and I wished a few of them to distribute 
inside; besides, I wanted one for my- 
self, and thought perhaps you would give 
me a few." I asked her how she knew 
what they were. She said she was on 
the other side of the street talking to a 
gentleman as I went up the street on that 
side, and I gave one to her companion. 
She was in hopes he would give it to her 
or throw it aside and then she would get 
it, but instead, he carefully folded it up, 
saying, "Well, what do you know about 
that? I think I will have a few of them 
struck off myself." I gave the lady about 
fifty of the pamphlets, also about twenty- 
five of the book catalogues, and the last 
I saw of her she was headed straight to- 
wards the fair ground gate. 

I passed the tracts out from there to 
the ferry, giving them to jitney bus driv- 
ers, chauffeurs waiting at the sidewalks, 
and to some newsboys to take home to 
their fathers. One little fellow of per- 
haps ten years, who was evidently upon 
an errand to the corner grocery for his 
mother, amused me very much. I gave 
him a pamphlet, saying, "Take this home 
to your father." He took it and critical- 
ly turning it over, said, "What is it?" I 
said, "Get your father to explain it to 
you." "Well, but what is it for?" he 
queried. I said, "Your father will un- 
derstand it ; be sure to give it to him." 
"Yes, I will do that," said he, "but I don't 
know what it is for." He then turned to 
the pictured signs and looking at the Me- 
mento, said, "Oh ! I know now what it 
is for. It shows you how to break a bun- 
dle of sticks." 

Your brother in Jesus Christ, 

Chas. G. Britton. 

Oakland, California. 



REPORT OF EASTERN SECRETARY 

REV. W. B. STODDARD. 

The door opened, as was anticipated, 
for the New York and New Jersey Con- 
vention to be held in the Christian Re- 
formed church of Rochester, N. Y. 
There was little difficulty in securing 
strong, well informed men to deliver the 
addresses. If the weather favors; we 



shall have a very helpful meeting to re- 
port. 

Yesterday (October 17th) was one of 
my very busy days. In the morning I 
went to Sibly Hall, where it was an- 
nounced William